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View Tree for Louis VI de FranceLouis VI de France (b. 1081, d. August 01, 1137)

Louis VI de France (son of Phillipe I de France and Bertha of Holland) was born 1081 in Paris, and died August 01, 1137 in Château Bethizy, near Paris. He married Adelaide de Murienne on Bet. March 25 - 30, 1115, daughter of Humbert II de Savoie and Gisele de Bourgogne.

 Includes NotesNotes for Louis VI de France:
LOUIS de France, son of PHILIPPE I King of France & his first wife Bertha of Holland (Paris end 1081-Château Bethizy, near Paris 1 Aug 1137, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). The Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii Sancti Dionysii names "Ludovicum regem et filiam unam Constanciam" as children of "Philippus rex [et] uxorem sororem Roberti Flandrensis comitis"[260]. His father installed him as Comte du Vexin, de Mantes et de Pontoise in 1092. He lived away from court after the repudiation of his mother. Associate-king 1098/1100, elected rex designatus by an assembly of nobles and bishops but not crowned[261]. His father transferred effective governing power to him in 1101, investing him as Comte de Vermandois between 1101 and 1105. He succeeded his father in 1108 as LOUIS VI "le Gros/le Batailleur" King of France. Consecrated 3 Aug 1108, Cathedral of Sainte-Croix, Orléans. Suger's Vita Ludovici records his coronation at Orléans by "Senonensis archiepiscopus Daimbertus"[262]. In 1119, Louis VI took Cluny and all its dependent priories under his protection, acquiring in return the right to build castles on their lands with the permission of the abbot of Cluny[263]. He transferred effective power to his son at Châteauneuf-sur-Loire 28 Oct 1135, due to ill health. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "Kal Aug" of "Ludovicus rex Francorum"[264]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Kal Aug" of "Ludovicus…Francorum rex"[265].

Betrothed (1104, annulled Council of Troyes 23 May 1107 on grounds of consanguinity) to LUCIENNE de Rochefort, daughter of GUY [II] "le Rouge" de Rochefort Sire de Rochefort-en-Yvelines & [his second wife Adelais de Crécy dame de Gournay-sur-Marne] ([1088]-after 1137). This betrothal is recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who calls her "Luciana", names her father and specifies that she later married "Guiscardo de Bello Loco"[266]. Suger's Vita Ludovici records the betrothal of "filius dominus Ludovicus" and "filiam Guidonis [comitis de Rupe Forti]" and their separation on grounds of consanguinity[267]. She married (after 23 May 1107) Guichard [III] Sire de Beaujeu.

m (Paris [25/30] Mar 1115) as her first husband, ADELAIDE de Maurienne, daughter of HUMBERT III "le Renforcé" Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie & his wife Gisèle de Bourgogne [Comté] ([1092]-Montmartre 18 Nov 1154, bur Montmartre, église abbatiale de Saint-Pierre). Her marriage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who also names her father and her four oldest sons[268]. The De Genere Comitum Flandrensium, Notæ Parisienses records "filiam Humberti comitis Morienne" as wife of "Ludovicum regem Grossum"[269]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "regina Alaydis…soror Amadei comitis Sabaudie" as wife of "Ludovici Grossi"[270]. Consecrated Queen of France at Notre-Dame de Paris [Apr/May] 1115. She exercised considerable influence over her husband, playing an active part in the downfall of Etienne de Garlande, Chancellier de France. After her son Louis succeeded in 1137, she conspired against Suger, Abbé de Saint-Denis, triggering a quarrel with her son. She married secondly ([1138]) as his second wife, Mathieu Sire de Montmorency, Connétable of France under King Louis VII, and retired to her lands at Compiègne. The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. She retired to the church of the Abbaye de Saint-Pierre at Montmartre, which she had founded, in 1153[271]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XIV Kal Dec" of "Adelaidis regina"[272].

Mistress (1): MARIE de Breuillet, daughter of RENAUD de Breuillet. The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.

King Louis VI & his wife had nine children:

1. PHILIPPE de France (29 Aug 1116-Paris 13 Oct 1131, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis[273]). His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[274]. He was recognised as his father's successor at Senlis 19 Apr 1120, and thereafter named rex designatus. He was consecrated associate-king 14 Apr 1129, at Reims. Orderic Vitalis records that he died "after falling from his horse and being terribly battered"[275]. Suger's Vita Ludovici records the death of "regis Ludovici filius, floridus et amœnus puer, Philippus" while riding in the outskirts of Paris and his burial at Saint-Denis[276]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "II Id Oct" of "Philipus rex puer"[277]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "II Id Oct" of "Philippus puer Francorum rex"[278].

2. LOUIS de France (1120-Paris, Palais Royal de la Cité 18/19 Sep 1180, bur Abbaye cistercienne de Notre-Dame-de-Barbeaux near Fontainebleau, transferred 1817 to l'église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[279]. He became heir to the throne on the death of his older brother in 1131, was consecrated associate-king 25 Oct 1131, and succeeded his father in 1137 as LOUIS VII "le Jeune/le Pieux" King of France.

- see below.

3. HENRI de France ([1121/23]-13 Nov 1175, bur Reims). His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[280]. He was tonsured in 1134. Archdeacon of Orléans 1142. He resigned from all his ecclesiastical posts 1146-47 to become a Cistercian monk at Clairvaux[281]. Elected Bishop of Beauvais 1148/49, consecrated 1150. Archbishop of Reims 1162. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1175 of "Henricus frater Lodovici regis Francorum archiepiscopus Remensis"[282]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Id Nov" of "Henricus archiepiscopus Remorum frater regis Francorum"[283].

4. HUGUES de France ([1122]-young, maybe bur Paris, Saint-Victor). His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[284].

5. ROBERT de France ([1124/26]-Braine 11 Oct 1188, bur Braine, église abbatiale de Saint-Ived). William of Tyre names him as brother of Louis VII King of France[285]. He was installed as ROBERT I "le Grand" Seigneur de Dreux in 1152.

- COMTES de DREUX.

6. PIERRE de France ([1126]-Palestine [1180/10 Apr 1183]). William of Tyre names him as brother of Louis VII King of France, when recording his arrival in Palestine in 1179[286]. He succeeded as PIERRE I Seigneur de Courtenay, by right of his wife. "Petrus regis frater et Curtiniacensis dominus" donated property to the abbey of Fontaine-Jean by charter dated 1170, with the support of "uxor mea Isabel et primogenitus meus Petrus"[287]. m (after 1150) ELISABETH de Courtenay, dame de Courtenay, daughter and heiress of Renaud Seigneur de Courtenay & his wife Helvis de Donjon ([1135]-14 Sep after 1205).

- SEIGNEURS de COURTENAY.

7. CONSTANCE de France ([1128]-Reims 16 Aug 1176). The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis refers to the sister of King Louis as wife firstly of "Eustachieus comes Bolonie" and secondly of "comiti de Sancto Egidio", specifying that she had children by the latter, but does not name her[288]. The De Genere Comitum Flandrensium, Notæ Parisienses names "filiam unam [Ludovicum regem Grossum] nomine Constantiam"[289]. Her brother Louis VII arranged her first marriage to symbolise his support for Stephen King of England against his cousin Empress Matilda and her husband Geoffroy Comte d'Anjou. William of Newburgh records the betrothal of Eustache, son of King Stephen, and "regi Francorum…sororem eius Constantiam"[290]. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage in Feb [1140] of "regis Anglie Stephani…filius" and "Francorum regis sororem"[291]. The Chronicle of Gervase records the marriage "mense Februario 1140" of "Eustachius filius regis Stephani" and "sororem regis Francia Lodovici Constantiam"[292]. Her marriage is recorded by Matthew of Paris, who specifies that she was sister of Louis VII King of France[293]. Her brother arranged her second marriage to cement his alliance with Toulouse against Henri d'Anjou Duke of Normandy [later Henry II King of England] who had just allied himself with Aragon. Constance called herself Comtesse de Saint-Gilles. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XVII Kal Sep" of "Constantia filia Ludovici regis"[294]. m firstly (1140) EUSTACHE de Blois, son of STEPHEN King of England & his wife Mathilde Ctss de Boulogne ([1127-31]-Bury St Edmund’s 10 or 16 Aug 1153, bur Faversham Abbey, Kent). He succeeded his mother in 1151 as EUSTACHE IV Comte de Boulogne. m secondly (10 Aug 1154, separated 1166) RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse, son of ALPHONSE I Jourdain Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne, Marquis de Provence & his wife Faydide d’Uzès (1134-Nimes Dec 1194, bur Notre Dame de Nîmes).

8. PHILIPPE de France ([1132/33]-4 Sep 1161, bur Notre-Dame-de-Paris). The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "domnus Henricus Remensis archiepiscopus et Robertus comes de Barro et Petrus et Philippus clericus" as the brothers of King Louis[295]. He succeeded to the ecclesiastical positions resigned by his brother Henri 1146-47. Elected Bishop of Paris in [1159], but he refused the nomination. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1160 of "Philippus frater Ludovici regis Francorum, decanus Sancti Martini Turonensis"[296].

9. child (-young, bur Paris, Saint Victor). The primary source which confirms this child's parentage has not yet been identified.

King Louis VI had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (1):

10. ISABELLE (after 1101/04 before 1108-after 13 Apr 1175). "Isabel de Calvo Monte" donated property to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated 1175 for the soul of "patris mei Lugdovici…regis Francorum…et…Willelmi filii Osmondi et Rainaldi de Braileic", subscribed by "Lugdovici filii eius, Philippi clerici"[297]. m ([1114/17]) GUILLAUME Seigneur de Chaumont, son of OSMOND Seigneur de Chaumont[-Guitry] & his wife --- ([-before 13 Apr 1175]). "Guillelmus de Caluimonte" was son-in-law of Louis VI King of France according to Orderic Vitalis, who says that he was captured while trying to take the castle of Tillières in 1119 and ransomed for 200 marks of silver[298]. "Guillelmus filius Osmundi de Calvo Monte" donated property to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated 9 Apr 1119, which records "…Gaulterius de Monte Falconis, Haimo filius eius" as present


More About Louis VI de France and Adelaide de Murienne:
Marriage: Bet. March 25 - 30, 1115

Children of Louis VI de France and Adelaide de Murienne are:
  1. +Robert de Dreux, b. Bet. 1124 - 1126, d. October 11, 1188, Braine.
  2. +Louis VII de France, b. 1120, d. Bet. September 18 - 19, 1180, Paris, Palais Royal de la Cité.
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