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Descendants of Thomas Anderson

Generation No. 1

      1. Thomas4 Anderson (Thomas3, Thomas2, Richard1) was born Bef. 1663 in Unknown, and died 1711 in "The Cattails", Prince George County, Virginia. He married (1) ? Abt. 1683 in Charles City County, Virginia. She died Bef. 1695 in Charles City County, Virginia. He married (2) Mary Lucy Abt. 1695 in Charles City County, Virginia, daughter of Robert Lucy and Sarah Barker. She was born Abt. 1677 in Charles City County, Virginia, and died Abt. 1718 in Prince George County, Virginia.

Notes for Thomas Anderson:
      There were numerous people by the name of Anderson in Charles City County, between 1650 and 1700 but examination of those individuals has not yet assisted me in confirming the identity of Thomas' father. No birth record, contemporary or otherwise, is known for Thomas Anderson.
      The Westopher Minister Reverend Charles Anderson owned land within a few miles of Thomas in the period 1690 to 1711. I am investigating him as a possible brother. It is very possible that the James Anderson named in the 1693 cattle mark registration (see below) was an older son of Reynard Anderson born between 1662 and 1668 and the wording may imply some form of relationship between them. But as Thomas was in extreme eastern Prince George County and James was on Bailey's Creek near Petersburg I think it unlikely they were immediate family, possibly just cousins.
      David Piebels (Peebles) was a Royalist refugee from Fife County, Scotland. He patented land along Powell's Creek south of the James River in 1650 and again, later, on Birchen Swamp with Charles Sparrow. He was an early Court Judge of Charles City County in the 1650's. His son William Peebles was born in Scotland in 1635, (mother Elspeth Mackie) came to Virginia before the time of his father's death in 1659 and again patented lands at the head of Birchen Swamp in 1673. Birchen Swamp was the name given to the small feeder creeks at the head of Powell's Creek. A grant to William Peebles is recorded on page 182 of Virginia Land Patent Book Number 6. The grant is for 862 acres in Charles City County, located on the south side of the James River. Of this 473 acres is located adjacent to Thomas Newhouse and on Birchen Swamp. 388 acres is near the "old towne" land. The first tract is granted by patent dated 30 July 1670 and the residue is for the transport of seven persons including Hen. Makeley, Roger Cooke, Mary Bennet, Jno. Traharne, Eliz. Jettly, Mary Gibbons, Tho. Anderson.
      William Peebles's patent was between the head of the Otterdam Creek and the headwaters of Powell's Creek, just a few miles northeast of the site of Mr. Thomas Anderson's 1683 patent. This patent includes other surnames of well established Virginia families, (i.e. Cooke, Bennett, and Gibbons) and it would appear therefore as a purchase of headrights by Mr. Peebles. William Peebles married Judeth and had a son William, he married again and had a son David, and a third time to Elizabeth and had a son Henry. His estate was named "Burleigh".
      Because of the proximity in time and location to the 1683 patent of Thomas Anderson along Cattail Creek, this headright in the name of Thomas Anderson is probably our Thomas Anderson. It is possible that he earned this headright upon returning from England upon being educated, as he could read and write. As one was required to be of age 10 to qualify for a headright, it would appear then that Thomas Anderson was born before 1663.
      Thomas' son James was born ca 1683-1690. Thomas' recorded wife Mary's surname has not been established by contemporary record or family tradition, although from circumstances it is likely that she was a second wife.
      The Charles City County Court Orders for 10/03/1688 indicate that Thomas Anderson was to be summoned before the next Grand Jury for "planting tobacco on the Sabbath." No resolution of the charge is given.
      Thomas Anderson, along with a James Anderson (this is possibly his son as I know of no minimum age required to qualify for a cattle mark), recorded his livestock earmarks on 04/13/1693. Thomas Anderson "Cropp and upper hole in ye right, and upper hool in ye left"; and James Anderson "The same only an underhool on the left".
      Thomas witnessed a deed of Ralph Jackson, Joseph Maddox and John Dowglas on 02/10/1692/3.
      He served to appraise the estate of Charles Williams on 08/03/1692, of William Taylor (John Jane Executor) on 10/03/1693, of Morris Calagham on 11/08/1694, and posted bond for Sarah (remarried to Robert Reives) the widow of Morris Calagham on 08/05/1695. Roger Rees the ancestor of his daughter Mary's husband served as an appraiser whith him. The entry in Thomas' will refering to his tools suggests that he was a carpenter. See the will of his son James regrading passing of carpenters tools, and the occupations of his grandsons.
      He served as foreman of a grand jury on 08/03/1692; and as member on 10/03/1692, 01/03/1692/3, 08/03/1693, and 06/04/1694.
      In 1701, Thomas Anderson, with other gentlemen of Charles City Court, signed a petition to the Crown Government. This was a loyalty Oath taken in consideration of the recent war with Spain. This can be found detailed in "Autographs, 1701/2", By Elizabeth Lawrence Dow, Richmond Virginia, 1976. Therein, can be found his signature, in a small neat hand, using the script s as in Tho: Anderžon.
      Thomas Anderson's 1683 patent was claimed on the Cattail Creek near Reedy Branch now located in the southeast corner of Prince George County, Virginia. This was initially Charles City County and later in 1704 became Westover Parish, Prince George County and still later in 1720 Martin's Brandon Parish. These lands are near the triangular boundary of Prince George, Surry and Sussex Counties. The Cattail Creek drains southward into the Blackwater River.

            Records of Thomas Anderson

Mr. Thomas Anderson
09/20/1683      400 acres      Westover Parish, Charles City Co.
Virginia Patent Book 7 1679-1689 page 303
To all [insert] whereas [i] now know ye that I the said Nicholas Androus, Esqr. President [i] and with the consent of ye Council of State accordingly give and grant unto Mr. Thomas Anderson an irregular tract of land containing four hundred acres lying and being in the County of Charles Citty, and in ye P.ish of Westopher, and on the South side of James River, Viz. beginning att a corner white oake, standing on the Line of Capt Robert Lucy, & running thense along ye said Lucies Line South South East four hundred seventy four poles, crossing the Cattaile Maine Branch, to a corner black oake, thense East North East sixty four poles to a corner white oak, thense North thirty six poles to a corner gum, thense East North East seventy poles, crossing a branch to ye corner bockibery, thense North and by West, six degrees westerly eighty poles to a corner black oake, thense North ward forty five crossing ye Cattaile Maine Branch to a corner oake saplin, thense North North East eighty five poles to a corner black oake, thense North North West one hundred sixty eight poles, crossing Mr. Wallises path to a corner line, thense west two hundred & one poles to a corner black oake, thense west and by North two degrees northerly twenty six poles to ye place we began, including ye aforesd four hundred acres of Land. The said Land being due by [i] for ye transportation of eight persons into this collony whose names are mentioned in ye records with this Pattent. To have and to hold [i] hold [i] yeilding & paying [i] proved and dated this twentieth day of September 1683.
      [headrights] Eliz: Kish, Valen: Taylor, Tho. Barrow, Wm Shofforld, Tho: Barret, Wm Stock, Jon Stewart, Joseph Fells

      Robert Lucy was married to the Sarah Barker the daughter of William Barker who founded Merchant's Hope plantation, James Wallice owned a plantation at the mouth of Powells Creek and one south of Thomas Anderson on the Blackwater River and his path connected the two.
      The following patent was issued after his death but it was to this Thomas as his son James signs a deed to this land to Cornelius Cargil in 1712 mentioning that his father had had it surveyed recently.

Thomas Anderson
06/16/1714      105 acres      Prince George County
Virginia Patents Book 10, 1710-19,       page 157
Anne To All Know Ye that for divers good causes & considerations but more especially for & in consideration of the sum of Ten shillings good & lawful money for ou ss paid to our Revenuer General of our Revenues within our sd Colony & Dominion of Virginia We have Given Granted & Confirmed and by these presents for us our heirs & successors do Give Grant and Confirm unto Thomas Anderson one certain tract or parcel of land containing one hundred & five acres lying & being in the County of Prince George on the Cattails and Reedy Branch and bounded by lands, to wit, beginning at a corner Gum of his own land thence along his line South forty eight and half degrees East sixty poles and fifteen links to a corner pine, thence East twenty one degrees South one hundred and two poles & fifteen links, to a gum in a branch, thence East one degrees north eighteen poles to a scrub white oak, thence East eighteen degrees North twenty one poles seven links to a Spanishe oak, thence North twelve degrees east forty one poles to a corner hickory, thence North fourty degrees east fifty two poles to a corner stake, thence West thirty degrees North eighty five poles eleven links to a red oak, thence West five degrees South fourty eight poles ten links to a black oak, thence West thirty four degrees forty five poles to a corner hickory of the Sd Anderson, thence along his own line West twenty five degrees South one hundred two & half poles to the beginning with all To Have and to Hold To be Held Yielding and paying provided in witness witness our Trusty & Welbeloved Alexander Spotswood our Ld Governor at Williamsburg under the seal of our Sd Colony this sixteenth day of June one thousand seven hundred and fourteen in the Thirteenth Year of our Reign.                  /s/      A. Spotswood

      No deeds of Thomas Anderson have been found, although he reputedly purchased land from John Janes. This would have been filed with the lost County records of Prince George County. A Janes was still identified as a neighbor at the time his sons sold his land. Two deeds of particular pertinence to Thomas, but of a later date follow:

Margaret Goodrich to       Abraham Odium
02/09/1721       100 acres
Prince George County Book 1713-1728 page 516
This Indenture made the Ninth Day of February in the year of our Lord Christ one thousand Seven hundred twenty one, Between Margaret Goodrich Executrix of the Last Will and Testament of Edward Goodrich late of Prince George County Dcscd: of the one part, and Abraham Odium of the County aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth that the said Margaret Goodrich for divers good causes and considerations her thereunto moving and for the rents and covenants hereafter mentioned, hath let lease and to Term let, and by these presents doth let lease and to Term Let, unto the said Abraham Odium his Executors and Administrators, one certain Tract or parcel of Land Lying and Being in the Parrish of Martin Brandon and County of Prince George, bounded Westerly on the old Town Run, Northerly on the Lands of Phillip Jane and Easterly on the Lands of Edward Hill dcsd. and Southerly on the main woods and the Lands of Richard Pace, containing by Estimation One hundred acres, be the same more or less, which tract and parcel of Land was formerly purchased of and conveyed by John Jane to Thomas Anderson as by a Deed for the same acknowledged and recorded in the records of Charles City County Court will appear, and by the said Anderson in his Last Will and Testament given and devised to Mary his relict during her natural life, and thereafter to come and decend to his eldest son James Anderson and his heirs forever as by the said Will proved and recorded in the records of the County Court of Prince George will appear, and by Cornelius Cargill and Mary his wife the aforesaid relict of the said Thomas Anderson, and also by the said James Anderson sold and conveyed to the aforesaid Edward Goodrich, as by Deeds for the same acknowledged and recorded in the records of the said County Court of Prince George the Fourth Day of January 1720 given to and vested in the aforesaid Margaret his Executrix to be sold for payment of his debts as by the said Will it more plainly appears. To have, use, occupy, and enjoy the said tract and parcel of Land, with all and singular the appertenances therunto belonging or in any wise appertaining unto the said Abraham Odium and his Executors Vz: for & during the Term of one whole year to commence from the day of the date hereof, and fully to be compleated and ended, yielding and paying for the same at the expiration of the Term aforesaid the Fee Rent of One Shilling Current money if the same shall be lawfully demanded unto the said Margaret Goodrich her Executors Vz: to the Intent and purpose that by Virtue of these presents and of the Statute made in the Seven and Twentyeth year of the Reign of King Henry the Eight for Transferring of uses unto possession the said Abraham Odium may be in actual and peacable possession of the said Land and Premisses and therby the better enabled to take and [?] of a grant or conveyance of the Reversion and Inheritance therof to him and by his heirs, to the Use of him his heirs and assigns for ever In Witness whereof the said Margaret Goodrich hath hereunto set her hand and seal the day and year first above written
Signed Sealed and Delivered
in the presence of                  Margaret Goodrich sealed with
      Richard Cureton                  a wafer
      John Chues
      Charles Ryall
            At a Court held at Merchants Hope for Prince George County on the second Tuesday in February being the thirteenth day of the said month Anno Dom: 1721
      The above written Deed of Lease of Land (Indented and Sealed) was in Open Court acknowledged by Margaret Goodrich the subscriber thereto to be her act and Deed to Abraham Odium named therein on whose motion the same by order of the Court is truly recorded.

A Deed of Sale of the identical property follows in the County records. This process reflects the practice at the time of initially granting a let lease, until after occupation of a property at which time final payment and execution of a Deed was performed. Alternatively, an endorsement of the deed reflecting peacable possession was made.

Cornelius Cargill to       Robert Hunicutt
of Prince Georges county      of Prince Georges County
02/01/1726       150 acres
Prince George County Book 1713-1728 page 957
THIS INDENTURE made the First Day of February, in the Year of our Lord Christ, One Thousand, Seven hundred and Twenty Six, Between Cornelius Cargill of the Parrish of Martin Brandon in the County of Prince George of the one part, and Robert Hunnicutt of the Parrish and County aforesaid of the other part. Witnesseth that the said Cornelius Cargill for and in consideration of the sum of Eighteen pounds current money to him in hand paid by the said Robert Hunnicutt, at and before the ensealing and delivery hereof, the reicits whereof he the said Cornelius Cargill doth hereby acknowledge, and therof and therefrom doth clearly acquit and discharge the said Robert Hunnicutt, his heirs, executors, and Administrators and every of them forever by these presents, Hath given, granted, bargained, sold, aliened, released, enscoffed [?] and confirmed, and doth by these presents give, grant, bargain, sell, alien, release, enscoffe and confirm unto the said Robert Hunnicutt, and to his heirs and assigns forever, one tract or parcell of Land containing by estimation one hundred and fifty acres, be the same more or less, together with all houses, orchards and appurtenances to the said one hundred and fifty acres of Land belonging, or in any way wise appertaining, and the reversion and reversions, remainder and remainders of all and singular the premisses, and every part and parcell thereof, which said bargained and sold lands and premisses are situate, lying and being on the south side of the Cattail Swamp, on the north side of the Blackwater Swamp, and on both sides of the Reedy Branch of the said Cattail Swamp, in the Parrish and County aforesaid, and formerly were in the tenure, holding, and occupation of one Thomas Anderson now deceased, and by James Anderson and Charles Anderson two of the sons of the said Thomas Anderson after his decease sold and conveyed to the said Cornelius Cargill and to his heirs forever that is to say, One hundered and five acres of the aforesaid Land was sold and conveyed to the said Cornelius Cargill, by the aforesaid James Anderson, by Deed dated the fourteenth Day of April, One thousand seven hundred and nineteen, and the same day acknowledged and recorded in the records of the said County Court. And the residue of the aforesaid tract of land was sold and conveyed to the said Cargill by the aforesaid Charles Anderson by Deed dated the Tenth Day of March, One Thousand Seven hundred and Eighteen and the same Day acknowledged, and recorded in the records of the County Court aforesaid, as by the said Deeds relation being thereunto had, will appear. Which said one hundred and fifty acres of land are bounded according to the antients and known bounds therof, and as in the aforesaid Deeds is mentioned. To Have and to hold the said hereby granted bargained and sold houses lands and premisses and to his heirs and assigns, to the only proper use, benefit, & behoof of him the said Robert Hunnicutt, his heirs and assigns for evermore. And the said Cornelius Cargill doth for himself covenant and grant to and with the said Robert Hunnicutt, his heirs and assigns, by these presents, that he the said Cornelius Cargill is at the time of the ensealing and delivery hereof lawfully seized of a good, perfect, and Indefeizable estate in Fee Simple, to him and his heirs and assigns forever, in his own right and to his own use, without any manner of condition, and that he hath good right full power and authority to grant, convey, and assure the said lands and premisses & everypart thereof, unto the said Robert Hunnicutt, and to his heirs and assigns in manner aforesaid, and according to the true intents and meaning hereof. And the said Cornelius Cargill doth further covenant and grant to and with the said Robert Hunnicutt his heirs and assigns that the said lands and premisses and ever part thereof, now are and be, and so from henceforth for ever hereafter shall remain and continue unto the said Robert Hunnicutt his heirs & assigns free and clear and defended of, from and against all manner of former and other bargains, sales, gifts, grants, leases, judgements, dowers, and of and from all other titles, troubles, charges, Incumbrances, and demands whatsoever levied suffered or executed by him the said Cornelius Cargill his heirs or assigns, or any other person or person's whatsoever, and that the said Robert Hunnicutt his heirs and assigns shall and may for ever hereafter peaceably and quietly have hold use occupy and enjoy the said premisses with the appurtenances, without any los, trouble, denyall, or eviction of or by the said Cornelius Cargill his heirs or assigns, or any other person or persons whatsoever. And lastly the said Cornelius Cargill for him self his heirs, executors and Administrators, shall and will warrant and forever defend to the said Robert Hunnicutt, his heirs and assigns forever, the said land and premisses and every part thereof, with the appurtenances, against him the said Cornelius Cargill, his heirs, and assigns, and agianst all and every other person and persons whatsoever claiming by, from, or under him the said Cornelius Cargill, his heirs or assigns, or any other person or persons whatsoever. In Witness whereof the said Cornelius Cargill hath hereunto set his hand and seal, the day and year first above written.
Sealed and Delivered
in presence of us.                  Cornelius Cargill Sealed with
James Gee                        a wafer
James Fletch
Wm Hamlin
      Memorandum. That on the First Day of February, Anno Dominis, One Thousand Seven Hundred, Twenty Six. Quiet and peaceable possession and seizin of the houses lands and premises above mentioned was delivered unto the above named Robert Hunnicutt and his heirs for ever, according to the form and effect of the above written DEED, by delivery of a Turf and Twigg of the said Land, in the name of all the lands and premisses contained in the said Deed, by Cornelius Cargill [etc.]

      Data form the 1704 Rent Rolls would indicate that Thomas held a comparable amount of land in comparison to other Anderson families of Virginia. Source "The Quit Rents of Virginia, 1704"; by Smith, Annie Laurie Wright; Virginia State Archives; 1957.

Anderson, Tho.             Prince George County      450 acres
Anderson, Charles Mr.      Prince George County      505 acres
Anderson, Henry            Prince George County      250 acres
Anderson, John            Prince George County      228 acres
Anderson, Matthew             Prince George County      349 acres
Anderson, Wm.             Prince George County      235 acres
Anderson, David             New Kent County            300 acres
Anderson, John             New Kent County            100 acres
Anderson, John             New Kent County            100 acres
Anderson, Richard            New Kent County            200 acres
Anderson, Robert            New Kent County            700 acres
Anderson, Robert            New Kent County            900 acres
Anderson, George            Isle of Wight County      150 acres
Anderson, John             York County            50 acres
Anderson, Richard            King and Queen County      650 acres
Anderson, William Cpt      King William County      150 acres

      The identification of Thomas Anderson's children cannot be considered complete. Thomas Anderson's will refered to the the deeds below, was lost for a period of time due to the confiscation of Prince George County records in the civil war and has recently been recovered. In the 1980's a women in Cincinatti, Ohio mailed the Prince George County book for 1710 to 1713 to the county. An extract of his will was published in the "Magazine of Virginia Genealogy", Volume 29, Number 1, February 1991, page 65. As a daughter was unnamed with only mention as son-in-law William Sanders it is possible that other children were not named.

Prince Georges Wills and Deeds 1710-1713; P. 36
Will of Thomas Anderson of Westover Parish, Prince George Co.
      In the name of god Amen, I Thomas Anderson of prince Geor County and parris of westopher, being sick and weak but of perfect sense and memory Thanks be to God for ye same do make and appoint and ordain this my Last will and Testament In manner and form, following hereby nullifying and making void all former wills and testaments by me made, and declared and this onely to be taken for my last will and testament.
      Firstly I give and bequeath my soul to God that gave it me hoping by the merits of my blessed savior Jesus Christ to Inherit Eternall Life and my body to ye earth to be buryed In such dessent maner as my Exec. hereafter named shall think is fitt.
      Secondly I give and bequeath the plantation I now live on for and during her natural life, and do give her to make use of any firewood upon any part of my land. For repearing the plantation and too give to my loving wife Mary Anderson, the plantation and privilege, and liberty during my son Charles his non age of the increase of hogs at the plantation commonly called The Cattails and after to keep hoggs upon the land during her natural life except she marry and then not to keep hogs there and I too here give unto my loving wife her Choyce of my Beds with Boulster and blankets and yarnset rug cutains and vallens one pare of sheets and to pillrs and one small feather bed and the choyce of my horses for her own youse and al my hogs runing of the plantation I now live on.
      Thirdly I give and bequeath unto my son James Anderson my plantation I now live upon and all the land I hold adjoiyning to the sd plantation and to his heirs for ever after the deces of my loving wife and fifty acres of land next to Capt Taylors Cart path westardly being part fo the Cattail Land and one great Chest in the inward room which of the To he plesses and the father bed he lyes upon and one rugg and a pare of Blankets and sheets boulster and pilow one cutlis and gunn one pot which his mother picks.
      Fourthly I give and bequeath unto my son Charles Anderson my first tract of land at the Cattail that is now leased and to his heirs for ever and one featherbed boulster and yarnset rugg and blanket and a pear of sheets and two pillows and one gunn formerly Wm Landry gun one iron pot pothooks
      Fifthly I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Rees forty HHD in cask for her one particular use after my decease If she lives and one cow and calf and one to year ould hefer to my grandson Thos Rees and one mare filly the first that be fallen of any of my mares after me decease. To my said daughter Mary Rees.
      Sixthly I give and bequeath unto my daughter Jane Anderson one negro girl name hannah and her first child If the sd negro have any To my son Charles Anderson and the negro hannah to remain with my wife during my wifes life, and I give to my daughter Jane one feather bed in the trundle bedstead bedsted and the furniture belonging to it and I give my sd daughter one cow with calf and a hefer of to years ould. One chest and one silver tumbler and one small pott & pot hooks and to pewter cups.
      Seventhly my will and meaning Is that all my wearing clouse whatever that be maid for my use in my lifetime equally divided between my to sons James and Charles, and all my working tools and books, excepting sundry movvibles to be equally divided between my to sons.
      Eightly My will and meaning Is that all my cattall Sheep & Horses & what moveables soever I have not disposed of in this my will shall be equally divided between my loveing wife & my twos sons by my loveing friends Wm Harrison Senr. Jethro Hairston if they be liveing at me decease & if they or one of them be dead at my decease then my loveing wife to make choice of such other friend or friends as she pleases to make the sd division soo that it leeds to ye full sattisfaction of my beloved wife and what goods may be sent me out of England for ye Tob. I have sent & what debts I have due to me at my decease to be equlaly divided between my sd wife & sons.
      9thly I give & bequeath to my son in law Wm Sanders five hundred pounds tobacco
      10thly I constitute appoint & ordain my loving wife & my son James Anderson jointly & severally my Executors of this my last will & testament, I give to my son Charles my chest that was Wm Lucys & my rapior & belt.
Sealed & delivered in presence of
Wm Harrison
Geo Hamilton                  Thomas Anderson
Wm X Sanders
On 11 June 1711, will proved by above witnesses and probate granted to the relict and James Anderson.

      His place of burial is unknown. The most likely location is his Prince George County plantation. No burials are believed to have occured at Merchant's Hope Church (Westover Parish chapel south of the James River) in the early colonial era. Conversation in 1987 with the current owners of what is believed to be his plantation grounds revealed no knowledge of Thomas Anderson, of the initial patent holder or of any burials of that time period. So little of the 1670-1800 history of the site was known however, that no possibilities could be limited. The current home was built before 1846, but does not likely predate that by much. The grounds that the home is built on however, contain numerous large oaks and poplars common to the colonial period which may well date to that early period and indicate that the home site easily predates 1846.


Autographs, 1701/2, By Elizabeth Lawrence Dow, Richmond, Virginia, 1976.
Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1666- 1695, Nell Marion Nugent. Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia, 1977.
Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents and Grants, 1695- 1732, Nell Marion Nugent. Virginia State Library, Richmond, Virginia, 1986.
Charles City County, Virginia, Court Orders, 1687-1695, Abstracted and Compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger, III, 1980.
Prince George County, Wills and Deeds, 1713-1728, Benjamin B. Weisiger, III, 1973.
The Quit Rents of Virginia, 1704, by Annie Laurie Wright Smith, Virginia State Archives, 1957.
Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Volume 10, Charles City County Court Orders 1655- 1658, compiled by Beverly Fleet, Richmond Virginia, 1941.
Wills and Administrations of Surry County, Virginia, 1671-1750; Eliza Timberlake Davis, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1980.
Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Volume 29, February 1991, Number 1

More About Thomas Anderson:
Will Probate: June 11, 1711, Prince George County, Virginia

Notes for ?:
      Because Thomas Anderson posted a high bond to secure the estate of Sarah (remarried to Robert Reives) the widow of Morris Calagham on 08/05/1695 it is possible that Sarah was a relation of Thomas or his first wife. I have seen no evidence that Sarah was a relation of Thomas and as Charles Gee was a co-signer for the bond it is my current avenue of examination to determine whether the first wife of Thomas Anderson may have been a sister of Charles Gee. I have found no other supporting evidence of this to date.
      Because Thomas Anderson names William Sanders as a son-in-law without identifying the name of a daughter who may have married him, it is also possible that William Sanders was a son of this first wife from an earlier marriage of hers to an unknown Sanders.

Notes for Mary Lucy:
      My current theory is that Mary was a second wife to Thomas Anderson supported by the fact that James, Eliza and Mary were all married by 1711 but Charles and Jane were still minors and that Mary and Cornelius Cargill acted as guardians for Charles and Jane.
      If so then it is likely that Mary is Mary Lucy the daughter of Robert Lucy and Sarah Barker (daughter of William Barker the Mariner who founded Merchant's Hope). Mary Lucy is last listed as a minor with guardian John Taylor (her half brother son of Richard Taylor and Sarah Barker] in 1694 and was born and lived on the Saw Tree plantation which is adjacent Thomas' 1683 patent . She could have been born as early as 1678 as Sarah had married Robert Lucy before that date. Charles and Jane are likely her children then and James, Eliza and Mary were probably born of an earlier wife of Thomas'. The advantage to this is twofold, (1) it explains how Mary was young enough to bear children with Cornelius Cargill as late as 1718, and (2) it explains having a gap between the births of the Anderson children of Thomas and those of Cargill.
      Mary Anderson remarried after Thomas' death to Cornelius Cargill in about 1712. According to the Cargill family Mary is the mother of John Cargill born in 1713 and Mary Cargill born in 1718.
      Charles Anderson the son of Mary witnesses the sale of the neighboring Sawtree plantation in 1726 by Elizabeth Duke nee Taylor which substantiates his association with the Taylor family.
      The Thomas Anderson will says that the lands of Thomas Anderson were to be hers during the minority of Charles Anderson. Thomas' son James sells the portion of his lands that he inherited after Thomas' death to Cornelius Cargill in 1713. Charles then sells his inheritance in 1718 indicating that he may have come of age then and could have been born as late as 1697. James then reaffirms the sale of his inheritance in 1719 indicating that Mary may have died in that year. Mary is not listed in the 1726 deeds of Cornelius Cargill when he sells the properties, therefore it is likely that she died before 1726. The Cargill family believes that she died before the birth of Cornelius Cargill, Jr. in 1721. Cornelius divides the patent in half selling half to Robert Hunnicutt, having had the land surveyed on Feb 7th and 8th 1725, takes up a relationship with Elizabeth Daniel and moves to Mecklenburg County, Virginia. Cornelius holds on to the northern half of the Thomas Anderson estate until sometime after 1730.
      A careful reading of the will of Thomas Anderson does not indicate that his primary estate was to revert to his son or sons upon the death of Mary indicating again that she may have been much younger than he. The deeds from James and Charles to Cornelius Cargill do not relinquish their rights to the primary estate. Whether such reversion was their right is not clear due to the lack of clear intent in the will and this issue is interesting because Cornelius Cargill clearly takes control of the Thomas Anderson 1683 patent. Later, Rebecca Anderson nee Cooke the second wife of James becomes embroiled in the 1750's in an attempt to take control of the lands of a Thomas Anderson deceased. This may have been an attempt on her part to excercise whatever rights of reversion may have belonged to her husband James Anderson. (see Surry County Court orders)
Subj:      Mary Lucy
Date:      98-04-26 23:40:08 EDT
From: (A. J. Myers)

Cliff Wilson, 1 Blackfriar Rd., Rosemont PA 19010-1003 and email at says "Mary Lucy was born about 1677. Sarah Barker
married (1) Richard Taylor some time before 1664; (2) Robert Lucy
c1671/73 and (3) James Bisse c1689/90. Sarah's Taylor children are
older than her Lucy children which is why for a while Capt. John Taylor
was made guardian of Mary Lucy. I have no information on Mary Lucy's
marriages." This was in response to my email to him that I was hoping
to prove Mary Lucy married (1) Thomas Anderson (2) Cornelius Cargill.
Now all that needs to be done is to prove it. Regards, Patty Myers

Children of Thomas Anderson and ? are:
+ 2 i.   James5 Anderson, born Bef. 1690 in "The Cattails", Charles City County, Virginia; died November 20, 1751 in "Arnols", Surry County, Virginia.
+ 3 ii.   Mary Anderson, born Bet. 1690 - 1695 in "The Cattails", Charles City County, Virginia; died Bef. 1744 in Dinwiddie County, Virginia.
+ 4 iii.   Eliza Anderson, born Bet. 1690 - 1695 in "The Cattails", Charles City County, Virginia.
Children of Thomas Anderson and Mary Lucy are:
+ 5 i.   Charles5 Anderson, born Abt. 1697 in "The Cattails", Charles City County, Virginia; died Aft. 1733 in Dinwiddie County, Virginia.
  6 ii.   Jane Anderson, born Aft. 1697 in "The Cattails", Charles City County, Virginia.
  Notes for Jane Anderson:
Prince george County, Virginia, Wills & Deeds 1710-1713, page 161

Inventory of all Jean Anderson, daughter to Thomas Anderson, dec'd, her estate, bequeathed to her by his will, Lists:
1 featherbed, trundle bed, cow & calf, 1 chest, 1 silver tumbler, 1 small iron pott, 1 pott hook, 2 pewter dishes. This day of [?] 1712.
Above account of estate of Jean Anderson presented by Cornelius Cargill and recorded.

  More About Jane Anderson:
Living: 1712, Prince George County, Virginia.

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