Notes for Roderick Craig: Roderick Craig was born in London England, immigrated to America, where he fought in the Revolutionary War. He and his family moved to Henry County IN by way of North Carolina. He is buried just west of Cadiz IN along SR 38.
Information provided by Leona Chapman, as well as Rich & Doreen Vander Mey. Doreen is also a Craig descendant. email address only. They live in Ames Iowa. Diane (Craig) Burgette also provided information. Karen Reed provided the web site (URL) for a Craig site, with descendants of William Craig as: http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Meadows/9791/wmped.htm as of 3/20/2000 I have not had an opportunity to review the site. Karen and I made a connection through the CRAIG-L@rootsweb.com mailing list.
From Jacqueline Craig:
Roderick Craig was born in the city of London, England, in the year 1740. He came to Colonial America when a young man, to do garrison duty as an English soldier when this country was a colony of England. Previous to the Revolutionary War, he settled near Asheville, North Carolina. There is a family tradition which says that he served seven years as a sailor and seven years as a soldier in the English army and navy. During the war between England and her American colonies, he enlisted to serve with the colonial army as a private soldier in Captain Elijah William's Company in Colonial Bedford's regiment from North Carolina. At the close of the Revolutionary War in 1783, he lived in North Carolina until 1822, when he came North to settled on a land grant in what we of today know as the state of Indiana. His land lay along Duck Creek from where road 38 now is located. It extended south to the Clear Spring Road. Its western border was along the present MT. Lawn road. His land lay in Harrison Township and was near the town of Cadiz IN. Accompanying him on his trip to claim his land was Dempsey Rees, also from North Carolina. Dempsey Rees purchased land in Harrison Township along Duck Creek at a public sale of land and entered his tract on April 29, 1822. Among Roderick Craig's family were four sons, namely Roderick, Jr., John, William, and Andrew. Roderick Craig Sr, the founder of the Craig family from whom we are descended, died at his homestead in Harrison Township, in Henry County IN in 1844, having reached the ripe old age of 104 years, 5 months, and 23 days. He was buried in what was formerly called the Reynold Cemetery, 2 1/2 miles east of Cadiz, IN. His grave is now (1947) the only remaining marked grave visible in this cemetery. The cemetery is located hear a farm house. It has been sadly neglected and desecrated by those in need of stones to be used as foundations for buildings or for the walling up of wells, we have been informed. As a result of the efforts of the descendants of this Roderick Craig, a government marker now stands at the grave, marking his final resting place. Additional steps are now being taken for the protection of this spot from vandalism and to insure respect for the one who aided in establishing our present form of American Government by the part he took as a soldier in the Revolutionary War.
Found D. A. R. National Member #133804, Mrs. Claribel Henry McMillen, born in Floyd County: IA, wife of R. D. McMillen. She is descendent of Roderick Craig.
Additional information from W. E. David & Claribel Henry McMillen: During the war between England and her American colonies, he enlisted to serve the colonial army as a private soldier in Captain Elizah Williams' company in Colonel Bedford's Regiment from North Carolina. At the close of the Revolutionary War, in 1783, he lived in North Carolina until 1822, when he cam North to settle on government land grant in what today is known as the State of Indiana. His land law along Duck Creek from where State Road 38 now is located, and extended south to the Clear Spring Road. Its western border was along the present MT. Lawn Road. His land lay in Harrison Township and was near the town of Cadiz, Indiana. Accompanying him on his trip to claim his land, was Dempsey Rees, also from North Carolina, who purchased land in Harrison Township along Duck Creek. At the public sale of land and entered his tract on April 29, 1822, which was the only piece of land purchased during that year in Harrison Township.
Found recorded in the North Carolina Marriages through 1850, a marriage records for Roderick Craig, 31, and Rebecca B., age 30, date 1780, the source type is a deed/land records in Randolph County, North Carolina. Asheboro is in Randolph County, North Carolina (source, Auddie Sharp).
Tombstone located, location noted in footnotes: south side of state road 38, west of Raider Road but east of the Madison/Henry county line. This is in a "side yard" with a small white house on the west side of the cemetery. There are three stones there - two replacements, and Rodericks. Photograph of stone in file. [Roderick Craig Descendants.FTW]
Book about Indiana military men: Craig, Rodrick Born: 1740 London, England Service: Private in Capt Elijah Williams CO., Col. Belford's N. C. Regiment Proof: DAR Lineage, vol 134 p 243 Died: 1844 Buried: Cadiz, Ind, West of New Castle Married: 1780, Becky __________ Son: John, 1781-1835 Collected by Mrrs. G. K. Hewit, New Castle, IN
More About Roderick Craig: Date born 2: 1750, England - per DAR Patriot Index.1249, 1250 Burial: 1854, Solitary Grave along St Rd 38, Cadiz, Henry County, IN.1251, 1252, 1253, 1254 Burial 2: 1854, Reynolds Cemetery, Cadiz, Henry County IN.1255, 1256, 1257 Census 1: 1850, Harrison Twp, Henry County IN.1258, 1259, 1260 Census 2: 1830, Henry County, IN.1261, 1262 Died 2: 1854, Indiana - per DAR Patriot Index.1263, 1264 Died 2 1: October 15, 1750, Per Jacqueline Craig of Des Moines IA.1265, 1266, 1267 Died 2 2: Bet. 1844 - 1854, Per Jacqueline Craig of Des Moines IA.1268, 1269, 1270 Military service: Served as Revolutionary War soldier from North Carolina.1271, 1272, 1273 Moved: 1822, From North Carolina to Henry County, IN.1274, 1275 Occupation: Farmer.1276, 1277, 1278 Pension: #r2428.1279, 1280, 1281
More About Roderick Craig and Rebecca F.: Marriage: 1780, Randolf County, North Carolina.1282, 1283, 1284
Marriage Notes for Roderick Craig and Rebecca F.: The name Craig is not an uncommon name in Scotland, and throughout the world where Scots have settled. It has been an appellation applied to families from the earliest days. In Scottish Gaelic, craig means rock. Throughout Scotland, many forts and defensible positions were built on the massive rock outcroppings of both the shoreline and the interior of the country. The surname Craig is, by extension, applied to the people living in these fortifications and its environs. As a surname, it is of local origin and seems to have originated independently in more than one locality.
As the Scots migrated around the world, this name came with them. Today there are Craigs living in the UK, Ireland, North America, Australia, and New Zealand. But where ever they live, Craigs have their roots deep in Scottish history.
In the fifteenth century, there were three families of that ILK. The name was also common in Edinburgh in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and elsewhere throughout the Lowlands.
Johannes del Crag (John of the Craig) witnessed a charter by William the Lion in Glasgow. In 1232 a Robert de Crag was the Canon of Glasgow. Robertus de Crag (Robert of Craig) witnessed charters in the reign of Alexander II.
In 1296, fealty was sworn to Edward I of England by Johan de Cragyn of the county of Linlithgow. Johan Craig of the same shire and Agneys del Crage (Agnes of the Craig) of Edinburghshire and Johan del Cragge (John of the Craig) of Lanarkshire rendered homage also, in 1296.
In 1317 in Aberdeen shire, we find Bryce de Craig (Bruce of Craig) as Burgess of Aberdeen.
The Land of James del Crag (James of the Craig) son of John del Crag (John of the Craig) in Ayrs hire is mentioned in 1323.
Alexander de Cragy was forfeited in 1334, and pardoned the following year.
In 1335, John of the Craig led his famous band of 300 to support Robert the Bruce, King of Scotland, in the raising of the siege of Kildrummie Castle at the Battle of Dunblean. Historians agree that this John Craig was the Steward of Kildrummie Castle and two and a half centuries later the family of this name was seated in Craigfintray (later Craigston) Castle, not far from Kildrummie. The Craigs of Riccarton (near Edinburgh) are sprung from the Craigs of Craigston.
Johannes de Crag (John of Craig) burgess of Aberdeen, had a charter of land in the Lordship of Rubyslaw in 1358. William de Crag was elected councillor of Aberdeen, 1398.
In 1442, the Lawman of Orkney and others grant an attestations in favour of James of Cragy, do minus de Hupe (Lord of Huge), husband of Margaret Sinclair, the daughter of Henry, Earl of Orkney. Several families in Orkney, probably descended from this marriage, were seated at Brugh, Banko, Skaill, Weaton, etc. John was Lawman (sheriff) in 1397. George represented the county in parliament in 1652.
William Craig of Craigfintray, County Aberdeen, was killed at the Battle of Flodden in September 1513. William was the father of the Reve. John Craig (1512-1600), famous Churchman and religious reformer, colleague of John Knox and a founder of the Church of Scotland.
In 1613, David Craig of House of Garth (in Atholl) was fined for sheltering members of the Clan MacGregor.
Sir Thomas Craig, advocate, the great feudal lawyer acquired the estate of Riccarton and died in 1608. In the latter part of his life, he acted as advocate for the Church of Scotland. Sir Thomas' writings on Scottish law are still in use to this day.
Sir James Craig, one of the sons of Sit Thomas, went to England in 1603, had grants of reversion of the clerkship of the Wardrobe and of the office of assistant clerk in the King's Great Wardrobe and in 1611 was granted a manor in Ulster and also, the manor of the Castle Craig.
William Craig, Lord Craig (1745-1813) was a Scottish Judge and the son of William Craig, minister of Glasgow.
Northern Ireland can be seen, on the occasional clear and sunny day, from the southwest coast of Scotland. Commerce between the two was common from the earliest times. After the foundation of the Church of Scotland, political dissent occurred over the power of the king and civil authorities over the rights of the church. This led to the beginning of the Presbyterian movement; many of these religious dissenters fled to Northern Ireland, and its freer religious atmosphere. Religious and civil war soon reached Ireland, bringing more Scots to live in the north. During the early 1600's, many Scots emigrated to Northern Ireland during the Plantation of Ulster. Several counties in the north became enclaves of Scots who moved to Northern Ireland for land and opportunity. After the restoration of the Stewart dynasty, the Covenanters fought with the (by this time thoroughly Anglicized) King. Scotland was a garrison of English troops, and many Scots fled to both Northern Ireland and the Americas. Those Scots living in Ireland who em emigrated to the Americas were called the Scotch-Irish.
The term Scotch-Irish does not refer, as many think, to the descendants of a marriage between a Scotsman and an Irishwoman (or vice versa). Rather, it is a title applied to those from Scotland who left their homeland because of religious and political persecution and settled in Ireland. Many afterwards left their adopted land and, for the same reasons, moved to the Americas. Most of these people moved from the relatively settled seaboard areas into the wilderness, where they could build settlements centered around their respective religious and political persuasions.
After the Americas were no longer available as havens for "undesirables" Australia became the new home of these stalwart dissenters. Many Scots and Irish were shipped to Australia as, first, criminals (many times political prisoners), and later as settlers.