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View Tree for King Of Scotland ^Robert de Bruce II STEWARTKing Of Scotland ^Robert de Bruce II STEWART (b. March 02, 1315/16, d. April 19, 1390)


Picture of ^Robert de Bruce II STEWART

^Robert de Bruce II STEWART (son of ^Walter STEWART and ^Princess Marjorie BRUCE)6556, 6557, 6558, 6559 was born March 02, 1315/16 in Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland6560, 6561, 6562, 6563, and died April 19, 1390 in Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire6564, 6565, 6566, 6567. He married (1) ^Elizabeth of Rowallan MURE on November 22, 1347, daughter of Sir Adam Of Rowallan MURE and Jannet MURE. He married (2) Euphemia ROSS on 1355.

 Includes NotesNotes for ^Robert de Bruce II STEWART:
Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland (M)
Born 2 March 1316, Died 19 April 1390

March 2, 1316 Born at Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland

March 26, 1371 Acceded (Became King) at Scone Abbey, Perthshire

November 27, 1347 Married Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan and they had the following children:
• Margaret Stuart who married John MacDonald, Lord of the Isles. Born between 1347 - 1350
• Robert (III) (John) Stuart, King of Scotland. His given name was John, but John changed it to Robert upon becoming king. In 1389 his eldest son John was made guardian of Robert’s estates, and he was in practicality, deposed. Born 1337, Died 4 Apr 1406
• Walter Stuart, Earl of Fife - Born between 1336 - 1347, Died between 14 Aug 1362 - 10 Jan 1363
• Robert Stuart of Fife, Duke of Albany - Born about 1340, Died 3 Sep 1420
• Alexander Stuart, "The Wolf of Badenach", Earl of Buchan - Born about 1343, Died 24 Jul 1394
• Marjory Stuart who married John de Dunbar, Earl of Moray. Born about 1336 - 1355, Died 6 May 1417
• Lady Jean Stuart who married 1st Sir John de Keith, 2nd Sir John Lyon, and 3rd Sir James Sandilands Born about 1336 - 1355, Died about 1404
• Katherine Stuart who married to Sir Robert Logan of Restalrig b. bt 1336 - 1355
• Elizabeth Stuart who married Thomas de la Haye, Great Constable of Scotland; and not to be confused with her half sisters. b. bt 1336 - 1355
• Walter Stewart b. bt 1332 - 1390, d. a 14 Aug 1362
• Isabella Stewart b. bt 1336 - 1355, d. c 1410

1355 His wife Elizabeth Mure of Rowallan died

May 2, 1355 Married second to Euphemia Ross, Countess of Moray; a daughter of the Earl of Ross and they had the following children:
• David Stuart, Earl of Strathearn b. bt 1356 - 1360, d. b 5 Mar 1389
• Walter Stuart, Earl of Atholl b. c 1360, d. 26 Mar 1437
• Elizabeth Stuart who married Sir David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford. Their 4X great grand daughter was Barbara Livingston who married circa 1570 to {Rev} Alexander Livingston, Rector of Monyabroch. b. bt 1356 - 1370
• Egidia Stuart who married Sir William Douglas of Nithdale, a son of Archibald "the Grim", 3rd Earl of Douglas. b. bt 1356 - 1372, d. a 1388 Their daughter:
o Egidia Douglas married Henry Sinclair, 2nd Earl of Orkney.
• Jean Stuart who married David, Earl of Crawford

Illegitimate children of Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland:
• John of Burley, Lord of Burley b. bt 1332 - 1390, d. 1425
• Sir John of Cairdney b. bt 1332 - 1390
• Alexander Stewart b. bt 1332 - 1390
• Alexander of Inverlunan b. bt 1332 - 1390
• Thomas Stewart b. bt 1332 - 1390
• James of Kinfauns b. bt 1332 - 1390

Illegitimate child of Robert II Stewart, King of Scotland and Moira Leitch:
• Sir John Stewart b. bt 1345 - 1390, d. bt 1445 - 1449

April 19, 1390 Robert died at Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire


In the 13th century, Princess Marjorie Bruce, the daughter of King Robert the Bruce, was married to Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland. When the Bruce's son, King David II, died without any male heir, Marjorie’s son Robert Stewart was next in line for the throne. He became King Robert II of Scotland and founded the Stewart dynasty of kings who ruled Scotland for hundreds of years and later, under the name of Stuart, they ruled all of Great Britain for another 250 years.

Robert Stewart nearly didn't make it into this world. His mother, Princess Marjorie, was thrown from her horse while she was pregnant with Robert. She died from her injuries and Robert was born by an emergency Caesarean section. He was born on March 2, 1316 at Paisley, Renfrewshire, Scotland.

He succeeded to the title of 7th High Steward of Scotland on 9 April 1327. As the 7th High Steward of England he inaugurated The Stewart (Steward) Dynasty. This by law of succession adopted by The Council of Estates in 1318.

Robert fought in the Battle of Halidon Hill on 19 July 1333 at Halidon Hill, Scotland, where he was in command of the second division of the Scottish Army at Halidon Hill, and was one of the few who escaped the carnage of that disastrous day in 1333. (Europisch Stammtafeln Bund II tafel 69). He shared the regency from 1338 to 1341 until David II returned from France. It has been suggested that at the Battle of Neville's Cross Robert could have done more to try to save David from capture. Following the capture of the king, Robert became Guardian of the kingdom until 1357 when David was released. He was probably resentful at having to return power to David and he was involved in an unsuccessful rebellion with the Earls of Douglas and March.

He held the office of Regent of Scotland between 1338 and 1341. He was created 1st Earl of Atholl [Scotland] on 16 February 1341/42. He held the office of Regent of Scotland between 1346 and 1357. He was created 1st Earl of Strathearn [Scotland] in 1358. He abdicated as Earl of Atholl on 31 May 1367. He abdicated as Earl of Strathearn on 18 April 1369. He gained the title of Earl of Strathearn on 4 April 1370. He succeeded to the title of King Robert II of Scotland on 22 February 1371.3 He was crowned King of Scotland on 26 March 1371 at Scone Abbey, Scone, Perthshire.1

Robert's first marriage was to Elizabeth Mure, a marriage that had to be cleared by papal dispensation in 1347 for it contravened the complex, and largely illogical, 'forbidden degrees of kinship'. He was married to Elizabeth Mure (daughter of Sir Adam of Rowallan Mure and Joan Cunningham) on 22 Nov 1347. Elizabeth Mure was born about 1315 in Rowallan, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland and she died between 1355 and 1358 in Scotland. She and Robert lived together for some years before their marriage, during which time she bore him 9 children. They finally married by special dispensation of Pope Clement VI, 22 November 1347, by which all their children were legitimated per sub sequens matrimonium. At this time Robert was still only Earl of Strathearn; thus, although Elizabeth became Countess of Strathearn, she was never queen of Scots, since she died before her husband ascended the throne.

After Elizabeth died he married Euphemia of Ross, and this time there were no complications. He married, secondly, Eupheme de Ross, Countess of Moray, daughter of Hugh de Ross, 4th Earl of Ross and Margaret Graham, on 2 May 1355, by Papal dispensation. (Euphemia de ROSS was born in 1332 in Ross & Cromarty, Scotland and died in 1387.)

Before his accession, he had been successively joint and sole regent in David II's absence. During his reign, from 1384, his two sons were the real rulers for their unmilitary father.

Robert was the son of Robert I's daughter Marjorie and her husband Walter the Steward. He took Stewart as his surname, and so became the first monarch of the Royal House of Stewart. When he was in his 20s he ruled Scotland as Regent for his much younger uncle, David II, during David's minority and again after the king's capture at the Battle of Neville's Cross, west of Durham. Young Robert was well thought of with one chronicler describing him to be 'for the innate sweetness of his disposition generally beloved by true-hearted Scotsmen'. Although he was a powerful figure in Scotland Robert did not attain the throne until he was 54 years old but he was the first of the Stewart dynasty which has fascinated every generation down to the present day. The Stewarts were just one of many strong baronial families and had originally come from a Breton family called Flaald before finding favor in early medieval England. They then moved to Scotland to become hereditary Royal Stewards. Robert's father, Walter FitzAlan, was the sixth Steward, and it is from this title that the family took their name.

He became King of Scotland upon the death of his Uncle, David II on 22 Feb 1370/1.

He was one of the most prominent of the patriotic nobles of Scotland who supported his uncle David II. When he finally succeeded in 1371, at the age of 54, he was an old man by medieval standards and had difficulty controlling his nobles, who were eager to renew the war with England. When he came to power and in the following nineteen years he suffered increasing health problems. It seems that the machinery of government was allowed to stagnate with Robert using honors as a way of controlling the more powerful barons. The rule of law was also weakened and crimes went unpunished. Direct taxation lapsed and barons and officials siphoned off money from customs duties. After 13 years in power Robert realized that he was ineffective and handed the crown over to his son, John, Earl of Carrick (who assumed the name Robert on his becoming king).

At 70, he was described as having 'eyes the color of sandalwood, which clearly showed he was no valiant man but one who would rather remain at home than march the field'. Robert married twice and produced 21 children (eight were illegitimate), and the fact that his first wife's children were born outside the marriage created long-standing bitterness as Robert III's reign was to show. During Robert II's final years, his two eldest sons acted as his lieutenants.

Robert II died on 19 April 1390 at age 74 at Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire, Scotland. He was buried at Scone Abbey, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

• David Ross, Scotland: History of a Nation, pg. 101(Edinburgh, 2000)
• Picture from The Book of History, Vol. IX pg. 3919 (London, 1914)
• Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 215. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.
• Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 214.
• G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 310. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
• Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume I, page 311.
• Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 226.
• The International Encylopaedia, 1912, NY, Vol XVII, pg. 184
• Data of Miriam Bertelson, Fremont, CA
• Scots Peerage, 1904, by J.B. Paul, Pgs. 448
• Edited and Compiled by John and Verna Saint Hollowell, Fort Benton, MT.



More About ^Robert de Bruce II STEWART:
Place of Burial: 1390, Scone Abbey, Scone, Perthshire, Scotland.

More About ^Robert de Bruce II STEWART and ^Elizabeth of Rowallan MURE:
Marriage: November 22, 1347

More About ^Robert de Bruce II STEWART and Euphemia ROSS:
Marriage: 1355

Children of ^Robert de Bruce II STEWART and ^Elizabeth of Rowallan MURE are:
  1. Walter STEWART, b. 1336, d. 1362.
  2. +^Robert (John) III King Of Scotland STEWART, b. 1337, Dundonald Castle, Ayrshire, Scotland6568, 6568, 6569, 6570, 6571, d. April 04, 1406, Rothsay Castle, Dundonald, Ayrshire6572, 6573, 6574, 6575.
  3. +^Robert STEWART, b. 1339, Scotland, d. September 03, 1420, Scotland.
  4. Isabella STEWART, b. 1340, d. 1410.
  5. Elizabeth STEWART, b. 1341, d. Abt. 1400.
  6. Alexander STEWART, b. 1343, d. July 24, 1394.
  7. Jean STEWART, b. 1345, d. 1404.
  8. +Margery BISSETT, b. 1347, d. Abt. 1400.
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