No national group is of a pure genetic Haplogroup with the exception of some Amerindian tribes of the Q group in South America (from the charts produced by Dr. J. D. McDonald). The table above, depending on tested values, could be that of the typical R1b Celt of Europe or the Native Americans, both of whose DNA belongs to the last two Haplogroups on the scale.

The YDNA groups

We know that the lineages in known Semitic nations are G, I and J. There are also some lineages of E3b African or Hamitic lineages together with some R1a and R1b. These lineages with G also spread to Turkey, Georgia/Armenia and Italy.

There are also a significant number of divisions in Judaism that show that Judaism is a religion and not a single Haplogroup lineage.

The Semites are thus of more than one standard Haplogroup in descent from Abraham. The original Semitic Haplogroup was F and divided into I and J at the very least and probably G, I and J from the Middle East, in Parthia/Scythia and into Europe. An examination of this hypothesis can be conduced by referring to the results of Behar et al Multiple Origins of Ashkenazi Levites ibid, Table A. In this table the Ashkenazi Levites were tested from 60 male lines over nine countries. These countries were Austria Hungary (AH ) x 10, Belarus (Bel) x 4, France (Fra) x 6, Germany (Ger) x 10, Lithuania (Lith) x 8, Netherlands (Neth) x 5, Poland (Pol) x 7, Romania (Rom) x 4, and Russia (Rus) x 6.

Of the 60 YDNA lines tested only eight were actual Semites. F and I comprise 25% of the Semitic Levite YDNA tested.

The original DNA of the Semites including the Joktan Hebrews was not J but F and the primary Semitic derivative is I and the secondary derivatives are J, and then H and G. All the Eastern Semites of Elam and Joktan were Hg. I, rather than J. Thus these mutations occurred over the second Millennium BCE.

The sons of Arphaxad are: Salah and Eber (from where the name Hebrews is derived. His sons Peleg and Joktan saw the split in the Hebrews. The sons of Joktan were thirteen in number and occupied the entire eastern area of the Arabian peninsular (Gen. 10:21-32) but many went on into Afghanistan or Pakistan as we see above. The sons of Abraham through Hagar and some of the sons of Keturah such as Midian later joined them. The line of Abraham through Peleg was to Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah to Abraham, Nahor and Haran. Abraham was called out of Ur of Chaldea and sent into the land of Canaan.

It follows that the lineages of the Semitic countries will give us clues as to the distribution of Semitic Haplogroups and mutations. The temptation is to say simply that Haplogroup J is the Semitic Haplogroup and all others are not Semitic but that cannot be true given the distribution and mixtures of the nation groups.

For example in the genetic structure of the Persians or Elamites the predominant is Hg. I. It exceeds J by some 10%, and has an element of F and G with it. Those groups constitute half the YDNA of the Persians. The Middle East Arabs also have a significant amount of I and some G. Haplogroups G, I and J constitute half of the Georgian/Armenians and the Turks and F, G, I and J are half the Italians with I and J comprising half the YDNA of the Greeks. When we go into Europe the balance of I increases dramatically.

G, (M201), H (M69), I (M170, M258, and P19) and J (12f2.1) appear to be known Semitic lineages with K (M9) the root base for all the sons of Japheth. Hg. J decreases as it moves west in Europe but Hg. I remains more or less highly significant as far west as the Anglo Saxons and then decreases among the Basque, Welsh, Irish and Scots but is nevertheless still found in quantities of up to 15% among these known Celts.

The Anglo Saxons came in from the Middle East as part of the horde at the fall of the Parthian Empire from what is now the area of Iraq and the area north of it. That occurred at the end of the second century CE. They moved in to the area of NW Europe and the horde split up in various waves. The Anglo Saxons and Jutes and the associated tribes of Lombards, Danes, Norwegians, Saxons and Fris, split up but retained a similar diversity. The Northern French are also from the Middle East. The Normans constitute one element and are predominantly R1b but they contain other DNA groups such as I. The others are Francs in two groups. These are the Riphathian Francs and the Salien Francs. The Salien Francs could inherit through the male line only but the Riphathian Francs could inherit through both. As we know Riphath was a son of Japheth and we know that the nobility of these people also claimed descent from Antenor I King of the Cimmerians, and also from the Trojans. They were understood to be the offspring of the group that remained in the Middle East with the sons of Hector. They named their major city after Paris and Troyes. Many of these people settled across the channel in Britain and those tribes (e.g. Parisii) were also R1b Celts. Over 35% of the Northern French are Haplogroups I and J. Approximately 35% of the Anglo Saxons are Middle East Hg. I with some small amount of J. Approximately 40% of English are Middle Eastern and seemingly Semites. The majority of all NW Celts and Anglo-Saxons are R1b and part of the same genetic divisions as the known Japhethite tribes.

(Danaans and Danites Were the Hebrews Greek? BAR June 1976) It is most likely that tribe that accounts for the incidence of Haplogroup I in Ireland as the Anglo Saxons did not occupy Ireland when they entered Britain and the Normans are predominantly R1b with some I from the Anglo Saxons but the percentage I would not proportionally represent the percentage in Ireland. The proportion of I is almost as high as the proportion of I in Scotland but the predominant YDNA there also is R1b. There may be a percentage infusion of I from Norway in both areas. If the historical record and its interpretation that the Tuatha de Danaan are indeed an offshoot of Dan of Israel then we have the demonstrable link that shows the Northern tribes as Haplogroup I. Thus 40% of the Anglo Saxons would be Semites and probably of Israel as the records assert. The argument against this aspect is that, of Jews, less than 2% are Haplogroup I. When we consider however that only 37% of Jews are Semites that brings the sample up to some 6% of known Jews and thus may well represent the residue of the other tribes that remained with or returned to Judah.

The Sons of Abraham

Abraham had a number of sons and also the tribes by Lot his nephew. Lot founded Moab and Ammon in what is now Jordan. Isaac had two sons Jacob and Esau and the sons of Esau founded Edom and became the Edomites or Idumeans that partnered the trading system with the Phoenicians and later became converted to Judaism by John Hyrcanus in the era of the Maccabees after 160 BCE. They were absorbed into Judea and became the southern Jews as opposed to the Galileans.

Jacob had the twelve tribes. Joseph and Benjamin by Rachel; Dan and Napthali by Bilhah the maidservant of Rachel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah and Issachar were born to Leah and Gad and Asher were born to Zilpah hand maid to Leah. We know that of the sons by Leah the sons of Levi developed into J2 lineage (over 1700 years).

However for the Irish element of the Tuatha De Danaan to be of Dan the tribe would have to be Hg. I. (Another explanation might be that they been completely eradicated and the Hg. I elements are from Norway and England. The objection to this view is that the percentage of R1a would have to be as great as it is in Scotland but it is minute in comparison. Thus the Hg I there is not from Scandinavia or England and is not Milesian either and hence is Tuatha De Danaan). Many of the other sons of Israel also would have to be Hg. I as well and so the mutations would have to occur not only among the wives but among the sons of the same mothers. The other explanation is that the mutations occurred in Egypt and the tribes diverged there. The same divergences had to be occurring among the Joktan Hebrews and the Elamites and the sons of Keturah.

From the proportions of DNA among the Elamites and the Arabs it appears that the earlier DNA developed independently among the sons from F into I as the predominant Haplogroup but also into J and G.

Haplogroup I is the definitive Semitic Haplogroup then the Semites are spread across Europe mixed with Japheth. The Basques, Welsh and Irish are the more distinct single Haplogroup peoples (R1b) but even they have up to four separate Haplogroups with the Basques and Welsh/Cornish having only two Haplogroups.

What has been proposed here is in accord with known history and the Bible record. It provides an explanation using genetics that is explicable within the Bible record and is an acceptable alterative to evolutionary models using extended time frames.

What is also possible is that Haplogroup I is the major Semitic Haplogroup covering the Hebrews extending to the Northern Israelites and also to the Elamites. Whilst we have found no Haplogroup I among the modern Assyrians, only G and J with L, some of Hg. I might have occurred anciently. The prophecy that Israel and Assyria will come hand in hand out of the north in the Last Days at the restoration may be because they are both dispersed in Europe and some may well be Hg. I, but modern testing shows no Hg. I in those groups identifying as modern Assyrians. Haplogroup J is thus a later Middle Eastern development in the Arab countries after the Babylonian captivity covering Jews and Ishmaelites and Edomites absorbed into Judah. Even on Evolutionary models, which are very skewed to earliest possible dates BCE, the J2 Cohen Modal Haplogroup (CMH) is admitted to be a possible 2,100 years old. Thus Hg. I could well have preceded it by centuries and identify the Ten Tribes of Israel who are then spread throughout Europe. The blessing of Japheth places Japheth within the tents of Shem and thus prophecy is fulfilled and the blessings of Shem accrue to Japheth even though Japheth is larger in percentage terms in each nation.