|i.||JOHN2 YOUNG, b. Scotland1.|
Notes for JOHN YOUNG:|
The Will of John Young-Record I
The will of John Young is the foundation of this compilation. It is the most important single document bearing on our Young family that has been found and is therefore shown here in its entirety and followed by an important note. This copy, of the original will which is filed in the office of the Secretary of State, Trenton, New Jersey (File 623N) was made by the compiler. An abstract of the will is printed in the "New Jersey Archives, 1st Series, Vol. XXXV."
In the Name of God Amen, this twenty-third day of March in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy Four, I John Youngs of the County of Morris in the Province of New Jersey, in good health and sound in mind and memory: -calling to mind the frailty of man, and that it is appointed for all mankind to die, do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament, that is to say, Principally and first of all I recommend my soul into the hands of God who gave it me, and my body to the earth to be buried in a decent and Christian like manner at the discretion of my Executors. And as touching such worldly estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in this life, I give, devise and dispose of the same in the following manner:
Imprimis, it is my will, and I do order that all my just debts and funeral charges be paid.
Item, I give to James Youngs (the son of Robert Youngs) the sum of twenty pounds money at eight shillings the ounce to be paid him by my Executors hereinafter named.
Item, In like manner I give to Elizabeth the wife of Morgan Youngs the sum of ten pounds.
Item, I give and bequeath to James Puff Losey, in like manner, the sum of twenty, pounds.
Item, I give and bequeath in like manner to John Losey (the brother of James) the sum of ten pounds.
Item, I give to Philip Losey, in like manner, the sum of ten pounds.
Item, I give to Jacob Losey (the son of James Losey), when he arrives to the age of twenty one years, the sum of ten pounds, in manner as aforesd.
Item, In like manner I give to Samuel Tuthill (the son of Samuel Tuthill, Esq.r/the sum of ten pounds at my decease, to be paid him by my Executors hereafter mentioned as af/d.
Item, I give to Jacob Tuthill (the son of Samuel Tuthill, Esq.r) the sum of five pounds to be paid him in the manner as last aforesaid.
Item, I give to Samuel Converse (to whom learnt the weavers trade) if living at the time of my decease, the sum of twenty pounds to be paid him by my Executors as first aforesaid, and if not living, then this twenty pounds is to be paid to James Losey, the son of Timothy Losey, when he arrives to the age of twenty-one years.
Item, I give to Nathaniel Doty the sum of ten pounds to be paid him by my Executors.
Item, in like manner I give to Timothy Losey the sum of five pounds.
Item, in like manner to Thomas Carryl (the son of Daniel Carryl) the sum of ten pounds.
Item, in like manner I give to Thomas Youngs (the son of Thomas Youngs) the sum of ten pounds.
Item, in like manner I give to John Burwell (the son of John Burwell of Rockaway) the sum of ten pounds whenever he arrives to the age of twenty-one years.
Item, I give to Elizabeth, the daughter of John Losey, deceased, the sum of ten pounds, to be paid her by my Executors.
Item, in like manner I give the three daughters of Daniel Carryl, viz to Mary, to Peggy, and to Hannah five pounds each.
Item, I give to John, to Robert, and to Morgan Youngs (the sons of Morgan Youngs) to each of them, the sum of ten pounds, in the manner as afore'd.
Item, I give to Morgan and to Robert Youngs (the sons of Robert Youngs) to each of them the sum of twenty pounds, in manner as afore'd.
Item, I give to John Clark (the son of my sister Anny) the sum of twenty pounds, in manner as afore'd.
Item, I give to John Miller (the son of Adam Miller) the sum of twenty pounds, in manner as afores'd.
Item, I give to the children of my brother Hercules Youngs the sum of twenty pounds to be equally divided among them, share and share alike, to be paid as afores'd.
Item, I give to Jean, the wife of Asher Lyon, the sum of ten pounds in manner afores'd.
Item, I give to Daniel, and to Hercules Carryl, to each of them, the sum of ten pounds, in manner as afores'd, viz. the sons of Daniel Carryl.
Item, I give to Charity, the wife of Jacob Drake, the sum of ten pounds, in manner as afores'd.
Item, I give to Anne, the wife of Abraham Drake, the sum of ten pounds, in manner as afores'd.
Item, I give to Morgan Youngs (the son of Thomas Youngs) the sum of five pounds.
Item, It is my will and I do order that in case of the decease of anyone or more of the above persons to whom I have made bequests before they arrive to the full age of twenty one years, that in such case the sum so ordered to be paid to him or them, shall be equally divided among the survivors, share and share alike, excepting Samuel Tuthill and Jacob Tuthill as before excepted.
Item, I do give and bequeath to the Members of the Quaker Meeting in the Township of Mend ham, the sum of twenty pounds, to be paid them by my Executors as afores'd.
Item, I do give and bequeath to each and every of the children of my brother Robert Youngs, of my brother Thomas Youngs, deceased, and my brother Hercules Youngs, of my sister Anny, my sister Margaret, and my sister Mary as though here particularly called by name, the sum of five pounds.
Item, It is my will, and I do further order that if yet there remains any part of my estate, it shall be equally divided, share and share alike among my legatees af'd. And in order to enable my Executors hereafter to be named to pay the several before recited bequeaths, I do hereby fully empower and order my Executors, or in case of the decease of one or more of them, the surviving Executor or Executors to sell all and singular my real and personal estate, and to execute good and sufficient conveyances in the law for the same, as tho' I were present; and my will is further that my Plantation laying on both sides of the Rockaway river be sold at ten years credit with the lawful interest being paid from date of sale and the principal well and sufficiently secured to the satisfaction of my Executors, and the interest well and faithfully paid every year. The bond to be given payable in one year, but to say the term of ten years as af'd if the interest is punctually paid and my Executors think the money still lays safe.
Item, I constitute, make and ordain Samuel Tuthill, Esq.r., Moses Tuttle, Esq.r, and Hartshorn Fitz Randolph the sole executors of this my last Will and Testament. And I do hereby utterly disallow, revoke and disannul, all and every other Testaments, Wills, Legacys & Bequests, and Executors by me in anywise before willed, named and bequeathed. Ratifying and confirming this and no other to be my last Will and Testament. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal the day and year first above written. Signed, sealed and published, pronounced and declared by the said John Youngs as his last Will and Testament in the presence of: Peter Mackie, Jno. Doughty, James Ford, Jr., John Youngs.
The following oath is attached to the Will--
"Peter Mackie, one of the witnesses to the foregoing Will, hereto annexed, being duly sworn, did depose and say that he saw John Young, the Testator therein named, sign and seal the same, and heard him publish, pronounce and declare the foregoing writing to be his last Will and Testament, and that at the doing thereof the said Testator was of sound and disposing mind and memory as far as this deponent knows and as he verily believes, and that Jno. Doughty and Jacob Ford, Jun., the other subscribing witnesses were present at the same time, and signed their names as witnesses to the said Will together with this deponent in presence of the said Testator.
Sworn at Morris Town
this 8th day of July 1784
Jos. Lewis Sur.tt.
NOTES ON THE WILL
Youngs--with a s-and Yong were common variants of Young in official documents of colonial New Jersey. Our Quaker ancestors from Scotland, when they signed their name did not add the s. John's amanuensis signed for John and John made his mark. Yong was "phonetic" and bad spelling rather than a variant of the English Yonge. Youngs, however, was the spelling used by the family of the Rev. David Youngs who was settled in Morris County, New Jersey, at the time of our John Young. This may have been the source of the spelling of John's scribe.
The will of John Young was probated, July 8, 1784, at Morristown, New Jersey, in the presence of but one of the three who witnessed its making. There are no accompanying papers to show what disposition of the estate was made by the executors. A natural assumption from this situation would be to think that two of the witnesses were beyond reach, that John died shortly before the date of the probation and that the accompanying papers were lost. According to the following official records John, in less than three months after making his will, sold his plantation which he had requested his executors to sell in order to satisfy his legacies, and John died previous to April 8, 1776.
"1774 June 1. John Youngs, of Roxbury, sells to John Losey, of Mendham, for 475 Pounds, his property on the Rockaway river between the two great mountains, 91.37 acres that be bought from David Ogden, November 6 1750; and a second tract that be bought from Richard H. Morris, 25 March 1763; all his land except 4 acres that he has sold to James Losey. Witness: Joseph Lewis." (County Deed Book. B; Page 140, Morristown, New Jersey). By the purchase of the above land John became John Youngs of Roxbury. See record Number 1. By the sale of the plantation the legacies in John's will were annulled, and both the witnesses to the will and the Court might regard the will, as they seemingly did, of small importance.
On April 8, 1776, Letters of Administration were issued, at Morristown, New Jersey, to Adam Miller, James Puff Losey, James Young and Thomas Millidge, as administrators of the property of John Youngs, of Roxbury Township in Morris County, New Jersey. These Letters are now on file in the office of the Secretary of State, at Trenton, New Jersey (Number 587N). On the back of these Letters of Administration there is written the oath that was taken by the administrators. We quote: "Morris County, New Jersey Adam Miller, James Puff Losey and James Young, Administrators with the Will annexed of John Youngs, deceased, being of the people called Quakers, did truly affirm and declare . . . that they will make and exhibit into the Prerogative Office at Perth Amboy, a true and perfect inventory of all the goods, chattels and credits of the deceased, and render a just and true account when thereunto lawfully required. Sworn and affirmed this 8th day of April 1776, before me, Abraham Ogden, Surr. Signed: James Puff Losey, Adam Miller, James Young." The name of Thomas Millidge does not appear on the back of the Letters.
It is the studied opinion of the writer that the will annexed to the above Letters of Administration was the will of our John Youngs (File 623N, Trenton, New Jersey) and not that of another John Youngs of Roxbury. These Letters of Administration seem to have been issued because the will of our John Youngs had been annulled by his selling his plantation. John was legally intestate and hence these Letters of Administration annexed with the will. The administrators named by the Court to carry out the Letters of Administration are not the executors of the will of John but administrators with the will annexed, and they are all relatives of our John Youngs, as will be shown under their records. John and the administrators were Quakers. No record of the administrator's report to Perth Amboy can be found. The will probably became separated from the Letters of Administration during the settlement of the personal estate and was probated some eight years later before one witness as a matter of form.
An oddity in the will of John is his two bequests to all "the children of my brother Hercules" while none is named.
John Miller, son of Mary, is identified as the son of Adam Miller. Charity and Anne Drake, daughters of Morgan and Elizabeth (the only spouse of a brother or sister made a legatee) are not identified as nieces. Jean Lyon probably was a daughter of Robert, brother of John.
Doty and Doughty are variants of the same name. An unverified tradition says that Nathaniel Doty married the widow Anne Clark. John Clark, husband of Anny Young, perhaps was related to Henry Clarke, of Brookside, near Mt. Freedom, New Jersey, whose daughter married Nathaniel Doty, Jr.
The relationship of John Young to the several Loseys who are legatees has not been satisfactorily established. If Jane, wife of John Losey (Will, 1765) was a sister of John Young the list of nephews and nieces made legatees would be enlarged. What is known is that Morgan Young, Jr. married Jane (born 1758), daughter of John and Jane Losey, near the end of the Revolution.
John Burwell, son of John of Rockaway, was also the son of Catherine Losey, sister-in-law of Morgan Young, Jr.
EDWARD HUDSON YOUNG.
"OUR YOUNG FAMILY IN AMERICA"
REFERENCE ID: 01
John Young is supposed to have been born in Scotland. See Record 2. He probably was the eldest of the eight brothers and sisters whom he mentioned by name in his will. His parents are unknown. What little that is known about John comes from his will and from other official and public records. From his will we know that he was a weaver by trade who became a farmer in Mendham (earlier Roxiticus) and Roxbury townships, Morris County, New Jersey. An earlier residence has not been found. The earliest records about the family are in the Quaker archives of the Kennett (Newark) Monthly Meeting which was held at Kennett Square, Chester County, Pennsylvania. In these archives, preserved at the Friends Headquarters in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the marriages of Anny Young, in 1742, to John and of Hercules Young, February 17 1745, to Sarah Philips, are recorded is also recorded that Hercules and Sarah were transferred, in 1749, to the Woodbridge (New Jersey) Meeting. The record of the marriage of Mary, 9th month, 6th day, 1746, to Adam Miller stands in the Woodbridge records. The Mendham Meeting was established as a branch of the Woodbridge Meeting in 1758. Two of the witnesses to the Deed by which Robert Schooley transferred land to the Mendham Meeting were William Schooley and Sarah Young. (? Wife of Hercules Young)
The earliest record about John is in the "Alexander (Lord Stirling) Papers," now in possession of the New York Historical Society. Here is shown that a survey, of 94.56 acres of land on the Rockaway river, between the two great mountains, near Green Swamps, was made, November 7 1750, by Ebenezer Byram for John Young, and the results sent to James Alexander, Surveyor General, at Perth Amboy, New Jersey In the "land records of the Board of Proprietors of East Jersey," John Young is listed as having purchased, November 10 1750, 91.37 acres on the Rockaway river between the two great mountains (Book 3, page 98). This land is described in a report of an inspection to the Proprietors of East Jersey as follows: "On Friday, October 22 1772 (20 years after John's purchase), we set out from Morristown to view the land in the valley (Berkshire), and passed through the land sold to Mr. Faisby which we viewed on both sides of the road to Mt. Hope. From thence we proceeded to Middle Forge, and passed the mountain. We then proceeded to Kenny's Forge, passing John Young's house, and went on foot and viewed John Young's 91 acre tract, along the south of Green Mountains. This tract takes in much valuable timber, by which the mountain is made useless to anybody else. Had these locations been carried up the mountain, as they ought to have been, the general interest would not suffer, as it must, and has, by these irregular surveys" (History of Morris County, New Jersey Page. 333, W. W. Munsel, New York, 1882).
The records at Perth Amboy (Book S. 3, page 241) show that, in April 1752, John added to his first purchase "3.20 acres on the westerly side of the Rockaway river," and that, March 26 1763, he bought an additional "127.23 acres on a branch of the Rockaway river from Robert H. Morris." Morgan and Thomas Young, brothers of John, also bought at this period on the Rockaway. John's property is further described in two advertisements which he had printed about a year before be made his will and before he sold the land. The same advertisement appeared in the New York Journal and Advertiser, March 18 1773, and in the New York Gazette and Weekly Mercury, March 22 1773: "To be sold at public vendue, on Wednesday, the 21st day of April next, the well known excellent farm of John Young, situate in Buckshear-Valley (Berkshire), adjoining the Green Pond Meadow, in the township of Roxbury, in the county of Morris, on which farm is a convenient small dwelling, a good barn, and contains about 240 acres of choice arable meadow, timber, and pasture land, with a beautiful small river of water running through the said plantation, within a few rods of the house; it is very advantageously situated for the raising of cattle of all kinds, from the benefit of a most extensive range of unimproved lands adjoining it, and the very best market may be had at the door, for all kinds of produce, from its contiguity to the iron works; the payments will be made easy to the purchaser, as upon proper security being given, little or none of the money will be wanted; and an indisputable title will be given by John Young, the present owner, of whom for further particulars inquire, or of Samuel Tuthill, or William D. Hart, Esquires, at Morristown." For the sale of the property and the death of John, see "Notes on the Will of John Young." John was, from all evidence, a bachelor, and was buried in the yard of the Meeting House to which he left a legacy.
More About JOHN YOUNG:|
Occupation: Weaver by trade became a farmer
Will 1: July 08, 1784, John's will was probated2
Will 2: June 23, 1774, John's will was drafted2
|2.||ii.||ROBERT YOUNG, SR..|
|7.||vii.||THOMAS YOUNG, SR., b. WFT Est. 1653-1695; d. 1769.|
|8.||viii.||MORGAN YOUNG, SR., b. 1713, Craigforth, Aberdeen, Highlands of Scotland; d. September 24, 1792, Mendham, Morris County, New Jersey USA.|
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