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Descendants of Edward* (Longshanks) King of England PLANTAGENET




Generation No. 1


1. EDWARD* (LONGSHANKS) KING OF ENGLAND17 PLANTAGENET (HENRY* III KING OF ENGLAND16, JOHN* LACKLAND KING ENGLAND15, HENRY II KING OF14 ENGLAND*, GEOFFREY* V "LE BON"COUNT OF ANJOU13 PLANTAGENET, FOULQUES V "LE JEUNE" COUNT OF12 ANJOU, FOULQUES IV "RECHIN" COUNT OF11, AUBRI GEOFFREY II OF10 GASTINOIS, GEOFFREY I "FERREOL" OF9 GATINAIS, AUBRI COUNT OF8, GEOFFREY COUNT OF THE7, AUBRI COUNT OF THE6, GEOFFREY VISCOUNT OF5 ORLEANS, AUBRI "DUX" VISCOUNT OF4, GEOFFREY OF3, BOUCHARD2 DE FEZENSAC, AUBRI "THE BURGUNDIAN" COUNT OF1 FEZENSAC) was born 17 June 1239 in Westminister, Middlesex, England, and died 7 July 1307 in Burgh-on-Sands, Cumberland, England. He married (1) LEONOR ELEANOR PRINCESS OF CASTILE AND LEON 18 October 1254 in Abbey of Las Huelgas, Burgos, Burgos, Spain, daughter of FERDINAND III KING OF CASTILE. She was born 1244, and died 1290. He married (2) UNKNOWN WIFE Bef. 1260. He married (3) MARGUERITE OF FRANCE Abt. 1299, daughter of PHILLIP BOLD and MARY BRABANT. She was born 1279 in Paris, France, and died 14 February 1316/17 in Marlborough Castle.

Notes for E
DWARD* (LONGSHANKS) KING OF ENGLAND PLANTAGENET:
Notes from "The World Book".

Edward I, "Longshanks", King of England 1272-1307 was of the house of Anjou. He was from the Plantagenet Family, and was the eldest son of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. He married Eleanor in 1254. She was the half sister of Alfonso X of Leon and Castile. His Father granted him the Duchy of Gasony, Earldom of Chester, Kings lands in Ireland and in Wales. He waged ineffective campaign against Llewelyn ap Gruffydd of Gwynedd 1255. He dispelled unpopularity, by supporting barons in insistence upon reform and cooporating with Simon De Montford in supporting Provisions of Oxford in 1258.

Edward I (1239-1307) became king of England in 1272. As king, he conquered Wales and tried to gain control of Scotland. Edward belonged to the Plantagenet family of English rulers.

Edward I was born in Westminster (now part of London). He succeeded his father, Henry III, as king. Edward fought two wars against the Welsh, one in 1277 and another in 1282 and 1283. He conquered Wales in the second war. In 1301, Edward gave the title Prince of Wales to his son, who later became Edward II. Since then, it has become customary for English monarchs to give the title to their oldest son.

Scottish revolt

In 1292, Edward chose John de Balliol as ruler of Scotland from among several men who claimed the Scottish throne. Edward demanded that Balliol pay homage to him. But this demand humiliated the Scottish people, causing them to revolt. In 1296, Balliol joined the rebel forces, but Edward forced him to surrender. Edward then took to England the Stone of Scone, the stone upon which Scottish kings had been given royal power for hundreds of years. He placed the stone in Westminster Abbey, where English monarchs were crowned.

But the Scots continued to fight England. They were led first by William Wallace and then by Robert Bruce. Bruce was crowned king of Scotland in 1306. Edward died while on his way to subdue the new king.

Edward's Scottish policy resulted in hostile relations between the English and the Scots for the next 250 years. It also led to an alliance between Scotland and France. As a result, England had to fight both countries at the same time.

Edward's need for money to supply his army and government led him to call Parliaments more often than had any previous king. These Parliaments consisted of representatives of the nobility, the church, and common people. In return for grants of money from Parliament, Edward agreed that taxes could be levied only with Parliament's consent. He also sponsored laws on more topics than any previous king.


More About E
DWARD* (LONGSHANKS) KING OF ENGLAND PLANTAGENET:
Burial: 13 October 1307, Westminister Abbey, London, England

Notes for L
EONOR ELEANOR PRINCESS OF CASTILE AND LEON:
NOTES: Eleanor was only about ten years old when married to the 15 year old Edward of Westminster at Las Huelgas in 1254. Such child marriages were commonplace in Europe in the Middle Ages and the brides were usually consigned to their husbands' families to complete ther education. The marriages were not consummated until the bride reached a suitable age (usually 14 or 15) and in Eleanor's case it seems to have been 18 or 19.



More About E
DWARD* PLANTAGENET and LEONOR LEON:
Marriage: 18 October 1254, Abbey of Las Huelgas, Burgos, Burgos, Spain

More About E
DWARD* PLANTAGENET and UNKNOWN WIFE:
Marriage: Bef. 1260

More About M
ARGUERITE OF FRANCE:
Burial: Grey Friars Church, London, England

More About E
DWARD* PLANTAGENET and MARGUERITE FRANCE:
Marriage: Abt. 1299
     
Children of E
DWARD* PLANTAGENET and LEONOR LEON are:
2. i.   ELEANOR18 PLANTAGENET, b. 17 June 1264, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England; d. 12 October 1297, Ghent.
  ii.   JOAN PLANTAGENET, b. 1265; d. 1265.
  iii.   JOHN PLANTAGENET, b. 10 July 1266, Windsor, Berkshire, England; d. 3 August 1271, Westminister, London, England.
  iv.   HENRY PLANTAGENET, b. 13 July 1267, Windsor, Berkshire, England; d. 14 October 1274, Merton, Surry, England.
  v.   JULIAN (KATHERINE) PLANTAGENET, b. 1271, Palestine - Holy Land; d. 1271, Palestine - Holy Land.
3. vi.   JOAN "OF ACRE" PRINCESS OF ENGLAND PLANTAGENET, b. 1272, Acre, Palestine, - Holy Land; d. 23 April 1307, Clare, Suffolk, England.
  vii.   ALFONSO EARL OF CHESTER PLANTAGENET, b. 24 November 1273, Bordeux, France; d. 19 August 1284, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England.
  viii.   MARGARET PLANTAGENET, b. 11 September 1275, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England; d. 1318, Brussels, Belgium; m. (1) JOHN II OF BRABANT; m. (2) JOHNII, DUKE OF BRABANT, 8 July 1290, Westminister Abbey, London, England.
  More About JOHNII, DUKE OF BRABANT:
Comment 1: A.k.a. John Duke of Lorraine

  More About JOHN and MARGARET PLANTAGENET:
Marriage: 8 July 1290, Westminister Abbey, London, England

  ix.   BERENGARIA PLANTAGENET, b. 1276, Kensington , London, England; d. Abt. 1279.
  x.   MARY PLANTAGENET, b. 11 March 1277/78, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England; d. Bef. 8 July 1332, Amesbury, England.
  xi.   ALICE PLANTAGENET, b. 12 March 1278/79, Woodstock; d. 1291.
4. xii.   ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET, b. 7 August 1282, Rhuddlan Castle, Flint, Wales; d. 5 May 1316, Quendon, Essex, England.
  xiii.   BEATRICE PLANTAGENET, b. Abt. 1286, Aquitaine.
  xiv.   BLANCHE PLANTAGENET, b. 1290; d. 1290.
5. xv.   EDWARD II* KING OF ENGLAND PLANTAGENET, b. 1284; d. 1327.
     
Child of EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and UNKNOWN WIFE is:
6. xvi.   JOHN18 BOTETOURTE, b. Bet. 1260 - 1288; d. 1324.
     
Children of EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and MARGUERITE FRANCE are:
7. xvii.   THOMAS OF BROTHERTON EARL OF NORFOLK18 PLANTAGENET, b. 1 June 1300, Brotherton, Yorkshire, England; d. August 1338.
8. xviii.   EDMUND EARL OF KENT (WOODSTOCK) PLANTAGENET, b. 5 August 1301, (of Lancaster); d. 19 March 1329/30, Winchester, England.
  xix.   ELEANOR PLANTAGENET, b. 4 May 1306, Winchester, England; d. 1311, Amesbury, England.


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