hohenzollern 2010.jpgHohenzollern Castle: The original castle was constructed in the first part of the 11th century. It was completely destroyed after a 10-month siege in 1423. The second, larger and sturdier castle was constructed from 1454 to 1461 and served as a refuge for the Swabian Hohenzollern family during wartime, including during the Thirty Years' War. By the end of the 18th century, however, the castle was thought to have lost its strategic importance and gradually fell into disrepair, leading to the demolition of several dilapidated buildings. Today, only the chapel remains from the original structure.  The third version of the castle, which stands today, was constructed by King Friedrich Wilhelm IV between 1846 and 1867.

 The Old World Buchmillers of the Germany

                Early in 2010, I received copies and translations of government records from professional genealogist Frederick Wollmershäuser for Martin Buchmüllers’ father and grandfather who resided in Jungingen, Hohenzollern, Prussia.  I want to point out at this time just how difficult it is to acquire information from early records.  Although everyone has access to the records, they are very delicate.  When I was in Ersingen researching my Esswein family, I was allowed to touch and look at documents only under the supervision of the priest. Finding the names is fairly simple.  It is very difficult to translate old church records that contain a combination of some Latin script and old German script. Secondly, government records are mostly written in old German Script, for which there are very few living persons who can translate it.  Thirdly, the same given name is often repeated for more than one sibling. Fortunately, last July I was able to re- connect with Mr. Wollmershäuser who can read those old records.  He also helped me with the records in Östringen in the late 1970’s.

                My Buchmiller family most likely stems from Albrecht Bumiller whose name appears in 1438 records of Zollern County. He is listed as living in the village of Schlatt, which is less than 2 miles from Jungingen. (In the Bickelsberg land register of Zollern County of 1438: in the Sigmaringen State Archives; one Albrecht Bumiller: owner of the upper and the lower saw-mills in Schlatt.

                In the Hagen (name of the writer) land register of 1544, one Hans Bumiller is mentioned in 1529. Further, Caspar Buchmiller has the saw-mill in the upper village. He was a serf bonded to Fürstenberg, his wife Anna and the children Johann, Jvo, Margarethe and Walburga were bonded to Zollern. Bonded serfdom was always inherited from the mother.  (Sawmills existed in the medieval period, as one was sketched by Villard de Honnecourt in c.1250.[2] They are claimed to have been introduced to Madeira following its discovery in c. 1420 and spread widely in Europe in the 16th century.)

 

This illustration depicts how the saws (A&B) were driven by the water wheel located outside of the structure.  It is quite possible the structure also contained the living quarters of the owners.  I say this because it was common practice for farmers in Germany to have their livestock barn included in the same structure as their living quarters.

 

 

 

 

Some ancient saw mills used a series of mechanisms to obtain an up & down sawing method.  Notice in this photo of a restored mill, six saw blades were cutting at the same time.  This was a later invention from than the supposed earliest type above.

 

The following are included in a register of 1548:

Caspar Bumiller with the children listed above.

                Another register of the serfs bonded to Zollern of 1615 includes the following details: Hans Buomiller bonded to Zollern (a saw miller), from his first wife Anna Holzhauer the children: Anna, Katharina, Maria, Martin, and Claus. From his second wife Anna Riester or Rieker, the children: Magdalena, Jörg, Hans, Katharina, Maria, Bläsi, and Jörg. Also listed is Young Hans Bumiller, bonded to Zollern, wife Anna Daiker, children:  Anna, Hans, and Martin.

                A supplement of 1620 names Martin Buomiller and Maria Pflumm, and children:  Moritz, Hans, Claus, and Anna Mayer with a child Anna.

                One Georg Bumiller is mentioned around 1650. He is supposedly the Georg Bumiller who died on 29 May 1693. With certainly, he is the father of Johann Bumiller who married Maria Speidel in 1673. The following Bumillers, but without ages, are listed in the parish registers of Jungingen which start in 1684. The line of descent can be ascertained from here onwards.

                At the earliest in the 14th Jahrhundert erkennen wir aus urkundlichen Belegen auf den Dörfern der Grafschaft Zollern eine kleine Gruppe sozial herausragender Familien, deren soziales Verhalten in allen Bereichen an das städtische Patriziat erinnert, wenn wir auch mit wesentlich kleineren Dimensionen zu rechnen haben. Century we know from documentary evidence in the villages of the county Zollern a small group of socially prominent families, whose social behavior in all areas of the urban upper class. Falls in stone, for example, early on, name Baur in this sense, into Boll's name Aichgasser, in the rooms of the archers and Engelschalk. The images in Steinhofen show Dehner, Fecker and Killmayer.   In Schlatt the husband, Hochspach and Schuler, and in the 15th Century, Buchmüller.  Jahrhundert noch die Buchmüller gesellen.

 

                An entry for the earliest verifiable ancestor of my Buchmiller family at this time reads: Johannes Buechmiller, inhabitant of Jungingen, died (either 22 Jan. 1728 or 13 Aug. 1732), married (before 1686, the beginning of the parish registers) Maria Speidel (Speidlin), d. 23 Sep. 1734 in Jungingen.” Also obtained were records of his son Rudolphus and grandson Martinus who moved to Östringen and was up to this point my earliest verifiable ancestor.  This new information excites me.  It has been my lifelong goal to extend knowledge of my family heritage back to the beginning of recorded documents.  An amateur genealogist residing in Jungingen states a Georg Bumiller is the father of Johannes, but this information is not verified with documentation.  It would have to be researched through civil records.  I hope to get that sometime in the future.  I have been wondering all my life what my ancestor’s lives were like in Medieval Europe (my favorite history class in grade school) and where they lived.  I wondered what part of medieval society they participated in. 

               

                Incredibly and by chance, I visited the village of Schlatt, 1.4 miles from Jungingen, and 3.5 miles from the Hohenzollern Castle in 2000. The only reason I did was because I saw a Buechmiller name in an old document of that town while searching the Internet.  What are the odds of a person living in Chesterfield, MO in 2000, arriving by chance to a spot within 1.4 miles of his ancestor’s birthplace in Jungingen over 350 years earlier? 

                Ilse Schneider, a Buchmüller relative in Germany had also told me that her grandmother told her the Buchmiller family was from the Hohenzollern area, but she did not know the name of the village.  Ilse and I also spend time at the castle that day.  We talked about the possibility of our ancestors maybe living in the area and belonging to the ruler in the castle. Because the castle is located at a high elevation, it is visible from certain spots in and around Jungingen. The Hohenzollern family ruled Hechingen County and the family in Brandenburg branched off in the Middle Ages. From 1600 to 1800, they may not have felt any relationship. Only in 1850, the Prince in Hechingen abdicated and rendered his principality to the Hohenzollern in Berlin.        

               

                History of the area:  From 1061 until 1806 the six fiefs (a piece of land held under the feudal system)were an imperial immediacy of the Holy Roman Empire and the count of Zollern, and his successors, was a vassal (a person holding a fief) of the Holy Roman Emperor. Although the Holy Roman Empire no longer had a significant role in European politics after the Thirty Years' War (1648), it remained important in Germany, providing a framework for the many German states' and cities' conduct of their public affairs. The Reichstag (Parliament), which remained in session at Regensburg from 1663 until the empire's dissolution in 1806, provided a forum for the settlement of disputes. On occasion, votes were taken to remove incompetent or tyrannical rulers of member states. The empire's most important service was that it provided a measure of security to Germany's many small states and free cities, without which some would have been swallowed up by larger neighbors.

                The knightly house of Hohenzollern was originally owners of a single castle -- Hohenzollern -- which stood on the hill of Zollern about 15 m. south of Hechingen on the upper Danube, not very far from the ancestral seat of the Habsburgs. Dominating the little town of Hechingen today, is the magnificent newer Hohenzollern castle. Today it is the private property of the Hohenzollern family.

                In 1640 Brandenburg (name of the state Hohenzollern was in at the time of Johannes life) was a small state in northern Germany. It had been ruled by the Hohenzollern Dynasty since the late fifteenth century and consisted of the core region and its capital Berlin, eastern Pomerania, an area around Magdeburg (the former holdings of the Knights of the Teutonic Order in eastern Prussia), and some smaller holdings in western Germany. Brandenburg became known as Prussia in 1701 when its ruler crowned himself King Frederick I of Prussia. Frederick William I (1713-1740), greatly strengthened the army, and also modernized the kingdom's bureaucracy. Prussia acquired the rest of Pomerania after defeating Sweden in the Great Northern War (1700-1721). Frederick II (r. 1740-1786), known to posterity as Frederick the Great, continued along the same lines as his father but showed much greater imagination and ruthlessness, transforming his small kingdom into one of the great powers of Europe. Frederick II purchased from the insolvent Teutonic Order the province known as the New Mark, stretching from the Oder on the west, and the Warthe Rivers on the south, and far north into Pomerania. In 1740 Frederick seized Silesia, a wealthy province that belonged to the Habsburgs and had a population of about 1 million inhabitants. Maria Theresa (ruler: 1740-1780), the new Habsburg empress, was unable to regain possession of Silesia, which remained under Prussian control at the end of the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748). Frederick retained Silesia even after facing a coalition of France, Austria, and Russia during the Seven Years' War (1756-1763). Frederick expanded Prussian territory still further in 1772, when, with his erstwhile enemies Russia and Austria, he took part in the First Partition of Poland. This last seizure was highly beneficial to Frederick because it linked eastern Prussia with much of his kingdom's western holdings. 

Annakapelle (1)

 

This 500 year old Catholic Chapel in Jungingen has been remodeled, but it is where the above mentioned Johannes Buechmiller would have been baptized and married before 1686.

 

Killertalstraße

 

 

 

 

 

 Main Street of Jungingen in 2010 where the Bumillers would have traveled in ancient times ->

 

 

Coat of Arms of the Houses of Hohenzollern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coat of Arms of Jungingen  

The arms were granted on August 14, 1937. The arms are a combination of the two historical arms of the Lords of Jungingen. The arms with the scissors were used by the family on seals until 1355.

 

 

From 1367 onwards the arms with the quartered fields appeared.
The village had no arms prior to 1937, but used since 1823 a seal with a quartered shield, most likely the arms of Hohenzollern (as the area was a possession of the Hohenzollern family) and not the arms of the Lords of Jungingen

What does Martinus Bumiller being a serf mean?

Court proceedings for Hechingen County, 1752-1775.

Unpaginated Session of 17 Sep. 1757

                Martin Buemülller a weaver from Jungingen has found an opportunity to marry Magdalena Settelin a widow in "Esteringen" near Bruchsal and thus asks to release him from bonded serfdom.  His father conveys him 13 florins, and he will once be an equal heir with his five siblings. Decision: Permission is granted, he is discharged from bonded serfdom for a fee of 3 florins and is to pay 1 florin property export tax for the remaining 10 florins which he takes out, and 30 Kreuzer fees.

 

Jurisdictional proceedings of Speyer Bishopric, Oct.-Dec. 1757

Page 231-232:  Session of 10 Nov. 1757

                Martin Buemüller, a linen-weaver journeyman from "Jüngingen" in the Hohenzollern territory, applies for reception as a master-linen-weaver in Östringen. He presents a certificate that he is not a bonded serf and indicates a property of 100 Reichtstaler. Decision:      This petition is to be sent to Kisslau district with the notation

that it may be granted as long as the district office has no striking objections in behalf of the requested requirements.

                Serfs had a specific place in feudal society, as did barons and knights: in return for protection, a serf would reside upon and work a parcel of land held by his lord.  They “worked for all,” whiles a knight or baron "fought for all" and a churchman "prayed for all"; thus everyone had his place. The serf worked harder than the others, and was the worst fed and paid.

                A manorial lord could not sell his serfs as a Roman might sell his slaves. On the other hand, if he chose to dispose of a parcel of land, the serf or serfs associated with that land went with it to serve their new lord. Further, a serf could not abandon his lands without permission, nor could he sell them.

51240209, Getty Images /Hulton Archive                A freeman became a serf usually through force or necessity. Sometimes freeholders or allodia (lands held in absolute ownership) owners were intimidated into dependency by the greater physical and legal force of a local baron.  Often a few years of crop failure, a war or brigandage (highway robbery; plunder) might leave a person unable to make his own way. In such a case a bargain was struck with the lord. In exchange for protection, service was required, in payment and/or with labor. These bargains were formalized in a ceremony known as "bondage" in which a serf placed his head in the seigneur's hands, parallel to the ceremony of "homage" where a vassal (a person who owes allegiance and service to a feudal lord) placed his hands between those of his lord. These oaths bound the seigneur to their new serf and outlined the terms of their agreement. To become a serf was a commitment that invaded all aspects of the serf’s life.  Moreover, serfdom was inherited. By taking on the duties of serfdom, serfs bound not only themselves but all of their future heirs.

                The term serf (Leibeigener) had a very different meaning in southern and eastern Germany where Jungingen is located. History books usually report the Prussian conditions. In Hechingen County, everyone had to be a bonded serf in 17th and 18th century. The duties of a bonded serf only consisted in delivering one hen per year to the dominion, to deliver the best horse after the death of a male and the best cow after the death of a female, or if they did not have such, the best piece of cloth. If someone wanted to leave the dominion and settle elsewhere, he or she had to pay a manumission fee (Info from F.Wollmershäuser)

                                                                                                                                16th Century weaver

                Life on a manor was extremely hard for a peasant. It consisted of work and family life.  Approximately ninety percent of the people in the middle ages were considered to be peasants. There was a division of the peasants into free and a type of indentured servants. The free peasants worked in their own independent businesses, usually as carpenters, blacksmiths, weavers, or bakers. They paid the lord a type of rent for using their small plots of land. The other, un-free peasants lived on the land without paying any money, but worked for the lord, earning their stay.         

                Peasant villages had between ten to sixty families. Each family lived in a hut made out of wood or straw. The floor was covered with straw or reeds. Beds were made from a pile of dried leaves or straw. Animal skins were used as blankets. A cooking fire burned in the middle of the hut with the smoke escaping through a hole in the roof. Furnishings included a plank table, a few stools, and a chest. Each hut had its own vegetable garden. Martinus was a weaver in serfdom.      

 

About a serf’s life style

 

During Thirty Years War

                The Thirty Years' War (1618–1648) was one of the most destructive conflicts in European history. The war was fought primarily (though not exclusively) in what is now Germany and at various points involved most of the countries of Europe. The origins of the conflict and goals of the participants was complex and no single cause can accurately be described as the main reason for the fighting. Initially the war was fought largely as a religious conflict between Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire, although disputes over the internal politics and balance of power within the Empire played a significant part. The Thirty Years' War had a devastating effect on the German people. Historians have usually estimated that between one-fourth and one-third of the population perished from direct military causes or from illness and starvation related to the war. Some regions were affected much more than others. For example, an estimated three-quarter of Württemberg's population died between 1634 and 1639. Overall losses were serious enough that historians believe that it took a century after the Thirty Years' War for Germany's population to reach the level of 1618

 

The Empire after the Thirty Years War

                Serfdom in Western Europe came largely to an end because of changes in the economy, population, and laws governing lord-tenant relations in Western European nations. The enclosure of manor fields for livestock grazing and for larger arable plots made the economy of serfs’ small strips of land in open fields less attractive to the landowners. Furthermore, the increasing use of money made tenant farming by serfs less profitable; for much less than it cost to support a serf, a lord could now hire workers who were more skilled and pay them in cash. Paid labor was also more flexible since workers could be hired only when they were needed.  Baden, Germany officially ended serfdom in 1783. Being liberated from serfdom meant being able to sell one's land and work wherever one desired.

                It can be surmised that the feudal society was constructed for one main reason: security. The nobles wanted the security of maintaining control over their far-reaching kingdoms, so they were forced to delegate power to local control. The peasants wanted security from marauders and barbarians from neighboring lands. They also wanted security from invading armies. And thus the development of the feudal system and the fief structure was almost inevitable. However, all this came at the great expense of the common man. He gave up many freedoms for his security.

 

Myth: Peasants lived a life of drudgery and back-breaking work. In fact, while peasants in the Middle Ages did work hard (tilling the fields was the only way to ensure you could eat), they had regular festivals (religious and secular) which involved dancing, drinking, games, and tournaments.  Many of the games from the time are still played today: chess, checkers, dice, blind man’s bluff, and many more. It may not seem as fun as the latest electronic games, but it was a great opportunity to enjoy the especially warm weather that was caused by the Medieval Warming Period.

 

Myth: People didn’t bathe in the Middle Ages, therefore they smelled bad Not only is this a total myth, it is so widely believed that it has given rise to a whole other series of myths, such as the false belief that Church incense was designed to hide the stink of so many people in one place. In fact, the incense was part of the Church’s rituals due to its history coming from the Jewish religion which also used incense in its sacrifices. This myth has also lead to the strange idea that people usually married in May or June because they didn’t stink so badly – having had their yearly bath. It is, of course, utter rubbish. People married in those months because marriage was not allowed during Lent (the season of penance).  In the middle Ages, most towns had bathhouses – in fact, cleanliness and hygiene was very highly regarded – so much so that bathing was incorporated into various ceremonies such as those surrounding knighthood. Some people bathed daily, others less regularly – but most people bathed. Furthermore, they used hot water – they just had to heat it up themselves, unlike us with our modern plumbed hot water. (To hunt, to play, to wash, to drink, – This is to live!)

 

Newest additions to Buchmiller Family Tree

 

                Something I had never understood up to now is why the name Buchmiller is spelled so many different ways in old German records.  Example:  Büchmüller, Buhmüller, Bumiller, Buchmüller.  I was really surprised when I saw a copy of the old records with the miller part of the name handwritten “miller.”  It’s my understanding that often the words are written in a Latin/German version. Mr. Wollmershäuser has sent me the following comment:

                The different spelling of the surname depends on the discrepancy between High German and regional dialect. People around Hechingen still today speak a peculiar dialect, for example, they tear the vowels. What is "Vater unser im Himmel" (Our Father in Heaven) in High German sounds like Vatter Auser em Hemmel in that area. The high German form is Buchmüller, and this was used in some entries, while others recorded the dialect form Bu(e)miller, with the e  pronunciation in Swabian dialect, but usually not written down, and apparently the -ch- of Buch- was omitted. The word Bue by itself is the Swabian form of Bub which means boy, which does not pertain here. The toggling between -ü- and -i- expresses the tendency of the Swabian pronunciation of the -ü- like an -i-, so they say Miller instead of Müller. (This is just one of the similarities between Swabian and English. Another one, for example, is the term gsait (said) instead of gesagt in High German). 

                I have entered the verified relatives’ names below as the name is written in Jungingen today. The others are entered as the genealogist presented them to me. One possibility of the beginning of the name Buchmüller still remains as far as I am concerned. The first mentioned Albrecht Buhmüller owned a saw mill.  Could the name Buchmiller come from a person with a mill that sawed Buche trees into useable lumber?  (Buche Mühle)

                Johannes Bumiller was a mason by trade.  According to Ask.com, Masons often had to travel to find employment. Some could afford to rent a room in a local home or even the whole house for their family that traveled with them. Others would set up tents within reasonable walking distance from the site and lived in them for the duration of the building project. This could mean years if it was a major building like a castle or church. They worked long hours in the day with regular breaks. Days off often came only when there was a break in construction. They assimilated into the local community and would often marry while on a job. Many would have a side-job like sculpting or making decorations out of scrap stone from the site that they would sell to the townspeople.”            Stonemasonry was a steady trade in the middle Ages.  A man, who reached the pinnacle of the trade, acting as a master mason, would be a wealthy and influential individual.  The Apprenticeship of a Medieval Stonemason: The route to becoming a stonemason was similar to most other medieval trades; via an apprenticeship of up to seven years. The more experienced a stonemason, the finer and more detailed work he could carry out.  A boy could become a stonemason’s apprentice whilst in his teens and would usually live with his master and take all his meals with the master’s family. The boy would learn his trade by watching his master at work and gradually taking on his tasks. On qualifying, he could set up his own business and was entitled to register as a member of his local trade guild.  Working as a Medieval Stonemason:  Once a man had qualified, life as a stonemason could be hard and labour-intensive. Workers would spend hours hammering stone to produce the shapes and designs needed for a particular part of a building.  Decorative features such as doorways, window arches and carved figures took days or even weeks of work, with the mason regularly needing to stop and assess his work from close quarters and at a distance. At times, the same type of carving would need to be produced again and again, as close as possible each time.

 

 

 

 

The Mason’s Tools

stone pitchstone punch toolstone claw chiselstone chiselstone hammermason's mallet

'Pitch, punch, claw, chisel' was the medieval method for shaping stone. The chisel and mallet, and the hammer and claw, above, are well-documented as those of equal importance in the application of medieval stone craft. Although evidence suggests that many other tools were used, they are difficult to find in medieval written records. However, clues are found in graphic depictions in period drawings and illuminations:

stone masonAdze or axe - in depictions of Gothic cathedral construction, the axe is seen wielded by French medieval stonecutters with the broad side down, used as a roughing out tool (as seen at right), or with pointed side down for finer cuts.

Compass, or dividers - medieval iconography shows only one mathematical compassinstrument in the hands of the stonecutter - a compass - used for configuring arcs and intricate moldings. Artists of the period sometimes depict Christ as the Supreme Craftsman holding a compass.

mason techniquemason's set squareSet square - the simple tool that ensured that the walls of Gothic cathedrals remained square and true at 90 degree angles. Straight edge - On completion of a flat stone, success or failure depended upon the straight edge lying perfectly flat across the face of the stone. So the use of this tool was a litmus test of the stonecutter's skill. If spaces appeared between the straight edge and the stone, it was evident the stonecutter had cut too deep. If the straight edge 'see-sawed,' more cutting was required.



(1)   Georg Bumiller (Buemiller) died: 5,29,1693 (Not verified by record, but thought to be father of Johannes)

                         

 

                Johannes Bumiller (Buemiller) died (either 22 Jan. 1728 or 13 Aug. 1732)

                Married: (before 1686, begin of the parish registers)

                Spouse: Maria Speidel (Speidlin), d. 23 Sep. 1734 in Jungingen.

                Spouse’s Father: Jacob Speidel

               

                Maria Magdalena Bumiller (Buemiller) Baptized: 9 April 1686 Katholisch

                Father: Johannes Buchmueller

                Mother: Maria Speidel

 

                Matthaeus Josef Bumiller (Buemiller) baptized 11 Feb 1689 Katholisch

                Father: Johannes Bumiller

                Mother: Maria Speidel

 

               

                Barbara Bumiller (Buemiller) Baptized 14 Feb 1692

                Father: Johannes Bumiller

                Mother: Maria Speidel

 

(2)  Rudolphus Bumiller (Buemiller), mason in Jungingen,

               b. 13 Apr. 1696 in Jungingen, d. 25 July 1762 in Jungingen,

               Marriage: 30 Jan. 1724 in Jungingen Francisca Schuler, b. (of Jungingen), d. (shortly before                        

               6 May 1778, no entry in the parish registers).

                                 

                                                Johannes Bumiller (Buemiller) Baptized: 16 Dec 1728

                                                Father: Rudolphus Bumiller

                                                Mother: Francisca Schuler

                                               

First Östringen Buchmüller

                                               

                                        (3)  Martinus Bumiller (Buemiller) Baptism: 13 Nov. 1731 in Jungingen

                                                Father: Rudolphus Buemiller

                                                Mother: Francisca Schuler

                                                Sponsors: Christianus Bumiller and Anna Mayerin

 

                                                Conradus Bumiller Baptized: 13 Nov 1734 

                                                Father: Rudolphus Bumiller

                                                Mother: Francisca Schuler

 

                                               

                                                Francisca Bumiller Baptized:  24 Sep 1737

                                                Father: Rudolphus Bumiller

                                                Mother: Francisca Schuler

 

                                                Mathius Bumiller Baptized: 22 Feb 1742 Katholisch

                                                Father: Rudolphus Bumiller

                                                Mother: Franciscus Schuler

 

Other Bumillers (Today’s spelling) in the records who are most likely close relation to the above.  

 

IGNATIUS BUCHMÜLLER Baptized: 27 MAY 1685  

Father: MATTHIAS BUCHMULLER

Mother: BARBARA GROSS

 

HEINRICUS BUCHMÜLLER  Baptized: 15 JUL 1686  

Father: MICHAEL BUCHMUELLER

Mother: CHRISTINA SPEIDLER

 

BARBARA BUCHMÜLLER Baptized: 10 JAN 1686  

Father: MARTINUS BUCHMUELLER

Mother: ANNA SPEIDLER

 

MARIA BUCHMÜLLER Baptized: 25 DEC 1689 Katholisch 

Father: MICHAEL BUCHMUELLER

Mother: CHRISTINA SPEIDLER

 

HEINRICUS BUCHMÜLLER Baptized:  15 JUL 1686

Father: MICHAEL BUCHMUELLER

Mother: CHRISTINA SPEIDLER

 

FRANCISCUS XAVERIUS BUCHMÜLLER Baptized:  04 DEC 1687

Father: MATTHIAS BUCHMUELLER

Mother: BARBARA GREF

 

Matthaeus Josef BUCHMÜLLER

Birth:  11 FEB 1689, Christening: 11 Feb 1689  

Father:  Johannes Bumiller

Mother: Francisca Speidler

 

SEBASTIANUS BUCHMÜLLER  (See page 16) Baptized:  21 JAN 1691

Father: MARTINUS BUCHMUELLER

Mother: ANNA SPEIDLER

 

PAULUS BUCHMÜLLER Baptized:  25 JAN 1724  Katholisch

Father: XAVERIUS BUCHMILLER

Mother: EVA HAYS

 

 

THERESIA BUCHMÜLLER Baptized: 16 DEC 1728

Father: CHRISTOPHERUS BUCHMILLER

Mother: MAGDALENA BOSCH

 

 

 

JOANNES CAROLUS BUCHMÜLLER  Baptized:  21 OCT 1728  

 

CATHARINA BUCHMÜLLER  Baptized: 14 NOV 1730 

Father: XAVERIUS BUCHMILLER

Mother: EVA HAYS 

 

CATHARINA SENESIS BUCHMÜLLER

Baptized: 19 APR 1731  

Father: BERNHARDUS BUCHMILLER

Mother: CATHARINA GLAMSER

 

URSULA BUCHMÜLLER Baptized:  23 OCT 1733

Father: JOANNES BUCHMILLER

Mother: FRACISCA SPEIDLER

 

Franciscus BUCHMÜLLER  

Baptized: 30 JAN 1733  

Father:  BERNHARDUS BUCHMILLER  

Mother:  CATHARA GLAMSER

 

JULIANA BUCHMÜLLER bap 09 JAN 1734

Father: EZECHIEL BUCHMILLER

Mother: CHRISTINA ENIS

 

ANNA MARIA BUCHMÜLLER Marriage: 31 OCT 1734  

Spouse: JOANNES GEORGIUS THEADASCH

 

 

 

MARIA BUCHMÜLLER Baptized: 06 SEP 1734  

Father: BERNHARDUS BUCHMILLER

Mother: CATHARINA GLAMSER

 

FIDELIS BUCHMÜLLER Baptized: 21 DEC 1736

Father: BERNHARDUS BUCHMILLER

Mother: CATHARINA GLAMSER

 

MARIA AGATHA BUCHMÜLLER Baptized: 06 FEB 1736  

Father: CHRISTIANUS BUCHMILLER

Mother: MARIA ANNA LORCH

 

ANTONIUS BUCHMÜLLER Baptized:  18 JAN 1736  

Father: EZECHIEL BUCHMILLER

Mother: CHRISTINA ENIS

 

ANNA BUCHMÜLLER Baptized: 17 JUL 1738  

Father:  EZECHIEL BUCHMILLER  

Mother:  CHRISTINA ENIS

 

GEORGIUS BUCHMÜLLER Baptized: 19 APR 1739  

 Father:  CHRISTIANUS BUCHMILLER

 Mother:  ANNA MARIA LORCH

 

 

MARIA BUHMILLER Baptized: 27 SEP 1740  

Father: CHRISTIANS BUHMILLER

Mother: MARIA ANNA LORCH

 

 

CASPARUS BUHMILLER Baptized: 07 JAN 1741  

Father: Antonius Bumiller

Mother: ROSALIA DAEMM

 

ROSA  BUHMILLER Baptized:  27 AUG 1742 

Father: CHRISTIANUS BUCHMILLER

Mother: ANNA MARIA BUCHMILLER

 

AGNES BUHMILLER Baptized:  18 JAN 1744  

Father:  ANTONIUS BUCHMILLER

Mother:  ROSALIA DAEMMER

 

 

BERNARDUS BUHMILLER Baptism: 24 Aug 1745

Father: CHRISTIANUS BUCHMILLER

Mother: FRANCISCA BUECHMILLER

 

CATHARINA BUCHMILLER  marriage 26 SEP 1745 

Spouse: Antonius Speidel 

 

JOHANNES BUHMILLER Marriage:  16 JAN 1746

 Spouse:  ROSINA SCHWARZ  

 

 

BENEDICTA BUHMILLER bap 24 JAN 1746

Father: CHRISTIAN BUCHMILLER

Mother: FRANCISCA BUCHMILLER

 

BERNHARD BUHMILLER Baptized:  09 APR 1826  

Father: Johan Bumiller

Mother: Agatha Haiss  

 

 

 

FRANCISCUS JOSEPHUS BUHMILLER Baptism:  20 MAR 1826  

Father: Fidelis Bumiller

Mother:  Maria Anna Bumiller

 

CRESCENTIA   BUHMILLER   Baptism:   02 APR 1826 

Father: JOHAN BUHMILLER

Mother: JOSEPHA SPEIDEL

 

MAGDALENA BUHMILLER  Baptism:    30 APR 1826  

Father: PAUL BUHMILLER

Mother: CATHARINA BOSCH

  

  

 

Interesting Documents about Jungingen Bumillers

 

Marriage:  Court proceedings for Hechingen County, 1722-1725. Page 98: Session of 19 Jan. 1724

Ruedolff Buemüller, mason from Jungingen, is going to marry Francisca Schueler of this town. He invests half a Viertel of meadows and 1.5 Jauchert of fields, keeps 1 Viertel meadows and four sheep. She invests 3 Viertel of meadows and 2.5 Jauchert of fields, keeps a cow, a calf, a bull, a trunk and a bed. She is pregnant and is to pay  20 florins penalty to the dominion for this. He did not complete the requested time for being on the tramp as a journeyman, is to pay 4 florins instead.

 

 Jungingen. Charges of injuries and brawl. Court proceedings for Hechingen County, 1732. Pages 159-160:  Session of 16 June 1732

     Michael Sautter, the court messenger, reports that when he passed through Jungingen the day before yesterday and drank some brandy with Lorentz Glambser, this man was just starting a quarrel with his brother-in-law Ruedolph Buemüller who lives across the street, and each one has called the other one a rogue and thief. In addition, the mason said to his brother-in-law Lorentz Glambser that if he was an honest man, he would not have mad children in his house. It was also heard that said Buemüller has taken his physical mother under her arms and glided down the stairs with her, saying, he wants to do slide-riding with her. Mason Buemüller had foam around his mouth and thus behaved full of frenzy and anger. Sautter has reported this in obeyance of his duties.

     Defendant Buemüller replies that his brother-in-law Glambser had before that called him a dirt-picker and raggart, and that he has all his property from stealing and thieving. He (defendant) had only called him (Glambser) a rogue and said, it´s no wonder he has the devil in the house. As far as the slide ride is concerned, there will hardly be any charges against him (defendant) because when his mother complained to her daughter about the wood, he had just taken her by the arms and had then referred her complaint to the (local) sheriff. Lorentz Glambser says against this that Conrad Steinle, a glazier in the lower suburb (of Hechingen) had gotten there during the quarrel and can attest the truth, namely how the mother crawled from below the stairs and Buemüller had called her an old witch who will remain such forever, and he will get her to the funeral pile within eight days. It is true that Buemüller has dragged his mother down along the stairs, which his wife can also confirm.

     As this annoying event needs further investigation, the sheriff was required to make a thorough interrogation and summon Buemüller´s mother and Glambser´s wife to appear at the office tomorrow. In the meantime, Buemüller has been carried to the tower for evident reasons.

 

 

 

Pages 162-164:                             Session of 17 June 1732

Jungingen. Penalty for injuries and despice of the mother.

     260) In agreement with the preceding proceedings no. 256, Maria Speidlin (or Speidler), aged over 80, the physical mother of Ruedolph Buemüller, appeared at the princely office and answered upon request that her son Buemüller has taken her under her arms and dragged her down the stairs in the described manner. It is also true that her son has offended her as an old witch, but she does not know about a funeral pile. Her son has rendered himself to St. Lucius (the parish church in Hechingen) and regretted this misdeed after making his confession, and he also highly apologized to her, so she asks to impose her son a moderate punishment.

     Ruedolph Buemüller cannot contradict this statement and is to admit that he has objected Lorentz Glambser, it would be better if the devil was not in his house, and he (Glambser) had sticked together with rogues and rascals. Similarly, Glambser had responded in such a manner and has failed to report the verbal injuries of Ruedolph

Buemüller towards his mother, which were known to him, to the authority in due time, but has waited for two months until the current quarrel came up.

    

     Thus Ruedolph Buemüller is fined 20 pounds or 13 florins 20 Kreuzer for this heavy case of degradation of his physical mother, and if he is unable to pay this fine, then the office suggests to contact the Exchequer General and oblige him to work for the dominion because he is said to be a good mason, and have him work off such debt of 20

pounds.

     Similarly, Lorentz Glambser is to pay 6 pounds or 4 florins for his verbal injuries and not reporting a crime in time. Payment is to be rendered within four weeks.

Decision of the Privy Council:

     260) It is right that one considers working off a penalty if the punished persons are unable to pay, but the unability must be duely proven and certified, otherwise such an intention is to the prejudice of the doinion.

 

 

Decision of the Prince:

The imposed penalty is confirmed, and Ruedolph Buemüller may work it off by mason´s work only in case he is unable to pay.

Pages 324-325: Session of 13 Sep. 1732 Jungingen.

Petition for the reduction of a penalty.

     507) Rudolph Buemüller of Jungingen has today filed a petition to reduce a fine of 40 pounds or 26 florins 40 Kreuzer which was imposed on him and his wife for degradation of his mother, insult of the local sheriff and verbal injuries and offenses by his (Buemüller´s) wife towards this man, or to let him work off at least half of the

fine by mason´s work. He excuses by saying that he had run into such a penalty by thoughtlessness and unadequate rage.

     Consideration: The penalty has been approved by the Privy Council on 17 June, but considering the poverty of petitioner, they have admitted that half of the penalty is being worked off by mason´s work and the other half is to be paid cash. Thus the office is not authorized to vote for a reduction. However, the small property of petitioner is well-known, and as he has set the sheriff under the suspense of adultery and blamed him, and called around that the sheriff´s wife is a whore.

     They therefore suggest that the penalty is to be maintained except in the case of poverty. However, the dominion is to decide if any mildness might be applied here.

Decision of the Privy Council:

     Considering the current uprising of the peasants and the rebellious conduct of petitioner among those of Jungingen, one does not find any reason to reduce his penalty, and he may be glad for the permission to work off half of it by mason´s work. The final decision is left to the Prince.

Decision of the Prince:

The decision of the Pricy Council is confirmed.

End of this case.

 

Court proceedings for Hechingen County, 1752-1775.

Unpaginated Session of 11 Sep. 1762

Rudolph Buemüller of Jungingen has died and left, after the subtraction of his debts, 710 florins behind, of which 35 florins 10 Kreuzer death tax are due.  (710 Floriuns was a tiddy sum in those times)

 

               

 

There was a Sebastian Buchmüller who was issued this family crest in 1725 at Hechingen, Baden Germany.  He was born in 1690 in Hechingen. It is the only registered Buchmuller crest in Germany. The tree on the top of the helmet is a BUCHE tree. The half wheel drawing on the shield represents a water-wheel on a Mühle (mill). The helmet face is in the closed position, which indicates the family it was assigned to was not of royal blood.  Early civil records from the area of Jungingen show an Albrecht Bümiller owned two saw mills in Schlatt, a mere two miles from Jungingen. Perhaps Buche trees were sawed into lumber at his mill with a water-powered sawmill. That would possibly fit the shield meaning. The Bumillers were serfs, so that also fits the closed helmet detail.

                Records show Sebastian’s surname spelled BÜMÜLLER for his first five children and BUCHMÜLLER for his last 3.  Apparently there was a change in writing German language in that time period. Also of note is that our ancestral name is also written as Buemüller in some of the civil records in Jungingen, home of our ancestors, Johannes, Rudolphus and Martinus.  

 

Sebastianus Buchmüller Baptized:  21 JAN 1691 Father: MARTINUS BUCHMUELLER

Mother: ANNA SPEIDLER

The record above shows this man baptized Jan.21, 1691.  Could he have been born in Dec.1690? I really feel that both Sebastian records could be of the same person. If they are, then he is definitely a person from the Jungingen/Schlatt/Hechingen area, meaning he would be a blood related person.

 

 

Family: Buchmüller/Buemüller* - Eckstein

Sebastian Buchmüller (Son of: Sebastian) Born: 1690 (In Hechingen)   Married:  26.1.1717    Died:   1.2.1781, 91 years

Theresia Eckstein Daughter of: Johann Georg Eckstein      Born: 26.1.1717 Baden-Baden Died:  26.10.1742 Baden-Baden

     Children of Sebastian and Theresia Buemüller/Buchmüller:

                Johann Baptist Georg     Born: 28.6.1719        Married: 29.1.1742                        Died: 17.9.1791

                Maria Elisabeth                Born: 27.4.1722

                Maria Theresia                 Born: 24.3.1724       Married: 22.11.1745(F. Hammer)    Died: 13.1.1780

                Maria Elisabeth                Born: 19.1.1727

                Johann Valentine             Born:  14.5.1728

                Anna Catharina                Born: 26.11.1730     Married: 25.1.1751 (J. A. Dunz)        Died: 2.11.1772

                Johannes Adam                               Born: 27.6.1734       Married: 28.1.1765                           Died:  12.2.1819

                Apollonia                            Born: 11.4.1740       Married: 29.1.1759 (J. Ulrich)

 

Family: Buchmüller - Sonntag

Sebastian Buchmueller (Son of: Sebastian)   Born: (Hechingen)   Married: 15.6.1746      Died: 1.2.1781, 91 years

Elisabeth Sonntag (Widow of Michael Guckert from Lautenberg/Alsace)            

    Children of Sebastian and Elisabeth Buchmueller: (none)

 

Family: Buchmüller - Wuerth

Sebastian Buchmueller (Son of: Sebastian)   Born:  Hechingen Married: 4.2.1749                 Died: 1.2.1781, 91 years     

Anna Maria Wuerth        (Widow of: Johann Georg Rasch teacher)                     Died: 27.2.1769

    Children of Sebastian and Anna Maria Buchmueller:   (none)