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Descendants of Johann Jacob Metzger


Generation No. 2


2. JOHANN PHILIP2 METZGER (JOHANN JACOB 1)2 was born 1669 in Germany3, and died December 24, 1738 in Nieder-Linxweiler, Germany3. He married ANNA CATHERINA DOHM/THOM4 January 16, 1696 in Germany5, daughter of HANS DOHM and ELIZABETH ZIMMER.

Notes for J
OHANN PHILIP METZGER:
BUTCHER BREAKTHROUGH LETTER

Based on research by Jeff CARR and David ARMSTRONG

Finally, a break on the mystery of the BUTCHER FAMILY that settled in Pendleton and Lewiscounties. For years, researchers have been stumped and frustrated in finding anything additional to Valentine BUTCHER'S seemingly scant records in Augusta Co., VA. Valentine was the father of Nicholas Sr. and Paulser BUTCHER, the respective ancestors of the researchers. We have
found about 35 previously undocumented pieces of evidence on the family, 17 of which referdirectly to Valentine.

As subsequent evidence will verify, the family name went through a period of transition from the German "METZGER" to the Englishtranslationof"BUTCHER". In the German language(s), the occupation of a butcher is known by the names, schlachter, fleisher, and metzger; when Anglicized, these became slaughter, flesher and metzger. Metzger was usually spelled correctly by literate Germans (ministers); however, when spoken through a thick German accent and interpreted by semi-literate settlers, it got distorted. Spelled phonetically, Metzger was written as Matzger, Mitsker, Matcher, Medsker, Mischarles, Mitcher, Mitscaw, and Mitchkar. Even thoughthe most convincing evidence of the name transition is found after 1775, it seemed much more coherent and logical to present the new data in chronological order. Valentine "Melchior"
BUTCHER of Augusta County was in reality Georg Valentine METZGER.
As subsequent evidence will verify, the family name went through a period of transition from the German "METZGER" to the English translation of "BUTCHER". In the German language(s), the occupation of a butcher is known by the names, schlachter, fleisher, and metzger; when Anglicized, these became slaughter, flesher and metzger. Metzger was usually spelled correctly
by literate Germans (ministers); however, when spoken through a thick German accent andinterpreted by semi-literate settlers, it got distorted.Spelled phonetically, Metzger was written as Matzger, Mitsker, Matcher, Medsker, Mischarles, Mitcher, Mitscaw, and Mitchkar. Even though the most convincing evidence of the name transition is found after 1775, it seemed much more
coherent and logical to present the new data in chronological order. Valentine "Melchior"BUTCHER of Augusta County was in reality Georg Valentine METZGER.

Georg Valentin Metzger came from the town of Nieder-Linxweiler, Germany.1 This town is between St. Wendel and Ottweiler, about 15 km northeast of Saarbrucken. A brief search of the records there has documented vital records of our family. The immigrants Georg Valentine and Johann Adam METZGER were the sons of Johann Philip METZGER, who died in Neider-Linxweiler on Dec. 24, 1738. On Feb.19, 1736, Johann Adam METZGER, a weaver, married
Maria Catherina SHERER; they had five children baptized there.On Dec.6, 1739 Georg Valentine METZGER married Maria Elisabetha KIEPPERT, a daughter of Johann Wilhelm KIEPPERT of Nieder-Linxweiler. Georg Valentine plied the trade (as did his father) of a kiefer, which is the German word for "cooper" or barrel-maker. Georg Valentine and Elisabetha had two childrenthere:
1. Anna Barbara, born August 4, 1743. Godparents: Conrad METZGER, son of deceased Philip METZGER; Anna Margaretha, wife of Andreas SCHMETZER; and Anna Barbara, daughter of Johannis RONIES(?).
2. Louisa, born August 25, l746, christened August 27. Godparents:Johan THEOBALD; LouisaMaria, daughter of Johan Valentin REISTER; and Angelica LEPPER, daughter of deceased Nicol. LEPPER.

The birth record for Anna Barbara METZGER is of crucial importance--it is the link thatconnects our family from the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia to Germany. The Virginia end ofthe connection (her marriage) will be discussed later.

On March 21,l749, Georg Valentine, his wife, and two children were granted their manumission for 30 florins2. The Ottweiler manumission records3 indicate that both Georg Valentine and Hans Adam METZGER, and their families were granted leave from Nieder-Linxweiler in 1749. They had to leave soon after March 21 to catch the America-bound ships at Rotterdam. The METZGER families have not been found in the emigration lists for Philadelphia
for the fall of 1749. While it is possible that they came into a port other than Philadelphia, such as New Jersey or Maryland, this seems unlikely; Most of the Saarland (list of 420 passengers found in footnote #1) were recorded in the Philadelphia lists. On the Saarland list there were 26 people/families that emigrated in 1749; eight of these have no record of entry in America. Five
of these unrecorded eight were from Nieder-Linxweiler, and several settled in Frederick, county, MD with the METZGERS. In the fall of 1749, two ships, the "Rachel" and the "Francis and Elizabeth", forbade disembarkation because of "too much sickness". The METZGERS were probably on one of these ships, more likely the "Rachel". As it was too expensive to shuttle these passengers around, it is probable that the survivors were dropped-off further down the coast of Delaware Bay in Deleware or New Jersey.

Georg Valentine METZGER almost immediately settled in Frederick county, Maryland. In the June 1750 court of that county, Georg Valentine brought a suit against Nicholas Bunderick for the 11 pounds that Bunderick owed him. The Justice issuing the arrest warrant stated that Bunderick "had removed in a secret manner from the place of his abode". The court ordered an attachment and appraisal of his remaining goods and chattels. The list and value of these items was included in the file; it gives a good idea of standard items of the day and the relative importance of these. The outcome of the case was that the attachment was "struck off"; it appearing to the court here that the defendant was not runaway and ordered that the plaintiff make restitution to the defendant of the goods and chattels in the inventory aforesaid4. In a sale bill of 1754, Nicholas BUNDERICK was identified as a carpenter in Augusta County,Virginia. Another book5 indicates that Nicholas Bunderick was born at Kliensteinhausen, which is about 30 km southeast of Nieder-Linxweiler. Bunderick emigrated in 174l and is also in the list of Saarland emigrants (footnote #1) ; it seems possible that METZGER and BUNDERICK may have
had a European association in which the latter enticed the METZGERS to come to America.

In 1751, Johann Adam METZGER had a son, Johannes, baptized on Jan. 27 (b. 13 days earlier) at the Frederick Evangelical Lutheran Church in Frederick,MD6; the sponsors were Johannes REUTZMANN and Marie Elizabeth METZGERIN (the wife of Georg Valentin-the "in" denotes a feminine name in German).It is possible that this son Johannes is the "John BUTCHER" who
lived in the Capon Valley of Hampshire County, WV in the last quarter of the 1700's. Little research has been done on the family of Hans Adam. There are METZGER records in Frederick Co. through 1800, and it is probable that they are of Adam's family. The Johann Valentine METZGER that had children baptized there in the 1770's is assuredly Hans Adam's son. David Armstrong recently found a descendant of this Valentine that is doing genealogy; we have yetto hear from that person.

At the same church in 1753, Georg Valentin had a son named Balthasar, born Jan. 26, baptized March 37. The sponsors were "the single daughter Maria Elisabetha FAUTIN and Balthasar BACH." This son, Balthasar METZGER, is in actuality Paulser BUTCHER. Balsar and Paulser were nicknames for the more formal Balthasar; in German b's and p's have the same pronounciation. For those who may still have doubts, David Armstrong has documented that
Balsar FLESHER of Harrison/Lewis County was occasionally recorded as Balthasar8. He has also documented Paulser being reffered to as "Balser BUTCHER".Balthasar BACH emigrated from Ottweiler, Germany as a single man in l749. On the same page as Balthasar METZGER, the baptism of a daughter of Johann Adam BECK (sponsored by Nicolaus KONIG) is recorded.
BACH, BECK, KONIG and Andreas PAULUS/BAULO (who is associated in the same church records) were among the emigrants in 1749 who cannot be found in the ship lists; the latter three were also from Nieder-Linxweiler. When Balthasar BACH died in 1796, the minister's report reads "... in 1749 toward the end of the year he came to this land from Germany with some of his countrymen, here to Fredericktown..."10 This confirms that this group of emigrants were traveling together.

Apparently, there is no record of the METZGERS having owned land in Frederick; the deed-clerkthere reported that there were no METZGER/BUTCHER land transactions through 1780, but this should be verified. It seems likely that Georg Valentin METZGER left Frederick and moved to Augusta County around 1754. There was a heavy emigration to the Shenandoah and Potomac
Valleys of Virginia in 1753 and 1754. Nicholas BUNDRICK was in Augusta by 1754, and Jacob ARGEBRIGHT, a later associate of Georg Valentin, sold his last bit of land in Lancaster County, PA. thar same year. The first record of Georg Valentin in Augusta is in the already known record where he bought at John VINEGARD'S estate sale in Feb. 1759 as Valentine BUTCHER.11In
December of that same year, Valentine MITSKER was a witness of John COLLY'S (COLLEY, GALLY, GALLET) will.12 Valentine BUTCHER bought at another estate sale , Jacob SIVER'S,in August 1761.13 Other records indicate that Jacob SIVER, his wife and two kids were scalped July 8,1757. Jacob SEVIER came from Bischweier, Germany, near Karlsruhe, and married at
Germantown, PA in 1753.14 During the Feb. 1762 session of the Augusta court, Valentine BUTCHER along with Jacob PARSINGER posted bail for Jacob ARCHENBRIGHT in a suitbrought by Gasper KENDER; the order does not record the charge or outcome of this case.15

It is unclear exactly where Valentine lived during his first years in Augusta County; based on the sales he attended, he must have been living between the present Bridgewater and Elkton in Rockingham County. In November 176l Valentine MATCHIER bought 275 acres from Peter MILLER for 25 pounds.16 This land formerly belonged to Valentine PENCE, who by his will
directed his executors (MILLER being one) to sell after his death. This land was on Nelson's Run, a branch of the North River of the Shenandoah. We have not yet identified where this branch is, but it must be near the Rockingham-Augusta line between Bridgewater and Grottoes.In order to secure a loan in Feb. 1765, Valentine MATCHER mortgaged this land for (25
pounds) to Ludwick FRANCISCO and Charles RUSH.17 It is not recorded why Valentine wanted or needed this money, but he did pay it back because he retained possession of the land. In 1768 Valentine MATCHEIER sold the land for 40 pounds to Hugh GIBSON.18

Soon after he bought this land, Georg Valentine and Mary Elizabeth (though the record calls her Anna Elizabeth) had another son, Georg Valentine, born Jan. 21, 1762. He was baptized on March 2, 1762 at the Peaked Mountain Church at present McGayheysville, VA, and was sponsored by Charles and Elizabeth (SEUSS) RISCH/RUSH. Pronounced "Pea-ked," this church was a combination of the German Reformed and Lutheran denominations; the Peaked Mountain
is now called Massanutten Mtn. Also on March 2, Georg Valentine and Mary Elizabeth's oldest daughter, Anna Barbara, married Jacob KROPF/CROPP. As I mentioned earlier, the baptism of Anna Barbara at Nieder-Linxweiler is the proving connection of our family in the Shenandoah Valley to Germany. Again, that same day (March 2) Jacob CROPP'S sister Margaret married Peter MILLER. As one may clearly see by this point, certain German family groups had repetitive interactions with one another; in Augusta (Rockingham) County, the RUSH, PENCE, MILLER, METZGER, and ARGEBRIGHT families were one of those groups. On April 16, 1764, Valentine and Mary Elizabeth had another son, Jacob; he was baptized on May 20, with sponsors Jacob and Susanna ARGEBRECHT. In 1765, Jacob and Anna Barbara (METZGER) CROPP had a son (Jacob) and were the sponsors for Peter and Margaret (CROPP) MUELLER/
MILLER'S son Jacob. That is the last known record (to this writer) of the CROPP family inAugusta County; it is assumed they moved further south or west.19

------- METZGER was listed with John CRAVENS and Jno RALSTON as appraisers of the estate of John NELSON in October of 1765.20 Given that Valentine was the only known METZGER in the area, and that he was living on Nelson's Run at the time, one may safely assume that this was Valentine. Valentine MITCHER was paid money for a claim against the estate of Stephen
CONRAD in 1769.21 In March 1770, Valentine BUTCHER was paid for a claim against the estate of John COLLEY;22 it will be remembered that Valentine MITSKER was one of the witnesses of COLLEY'S will. This begins the first of several transitions from METZGER to BUTCHER.

When Valentine sold his land to Hugh GIBSON in 1768, he moved his family to the south branch area of present Pendleton. It was a year before he found land that he wanted to claim as his own; 130 acres on South Mill Creek was surveyed for Valentine METSCAW in December 1769.23 Though surveyed, the patent wasn't completed for almost three years. In June 1772, Valentine was named as defendant in a suit brought by Michael MALLO; the suit was dismissed due to the plaintiff's death.25 In four months Valentine was also dead.

The winter of 1772-1773 appears to have been particularly hard on the elderly of the Pendleton area; several of the leading settlers died then and their estates were processed concurrently. On March 1773 letters for the administration for the estate of Valentine Mischarles BUTCHER were
granted to his son Nicholas BUTCHER, with John POAGE and Nicholas HARPOLE providing bond.26 Though no birth record has been found, Nicholas must have been the oldest son, being born ca. 1750-1. Given the previously cited phonetic corruptions of METZGER, it is now clear that "Mischarles" is just another form of this. There is absolutely no evidence to support the
claim that this is a variation of the given name "Melchior." On April 1, Peter VANEMAN, Robert DAVIS, and Adam LOUCK (LOUGH) were ordered to appraise Valentine BUTCHER'S estate.27 It appears that his estate appraisement took several pages to record; however, it is curious that a sale bill does not seem to have been recorded. Valentine must have been a man of some financial wherewithal and education. This is based on two facts; (1) he didn't have to serve a typical seven-year emigration indenture; he was clearly able to pay for his own (and family's) passage to America, and (2) he and his sons were able to sign their own names; something of a rarity on the 18th century frontier. On May 18, 1773, Peter VANEMAN posted bond (with Harry STONE) as guardian of Valentine's minor daughter Mary.28Peter VANEMAN appears to
have had no children of his own and seems to have regularly taken in orphans. It is unclear why Mary was the only minor child orphaned-out at that time; it may have been because she was agirl-- the other known minors were male.

After Valentine's death, the records of the remaining family members are a bit scant until they became more settled about 20 years later. Nicholas MITCHKAR surveyed and pantented 80 acres on South Fork Mountain in November 1773 in present Pendleton County.29 As nothing has been found to record when Nicholas disposed of this land, it seems likely that the tract was situated
on the part of South Fork Mountain that was included in the formation of Rockingham County in 1778. The early deeds of Rockingham were destroyed in the Civil War, and it is very possible Nicholas sold the land when it was in Rockingham, before that area was included in Pendleton in 1787. It is also very probable that 1773 was the year that Nicholas married, therefore needing
his own land on which to raise a family.

In March 1775 the estate of Michael BUSH was appraised by Charles FALLINGASH (FORINASH), Samuel PRINGLE, Paul BUSTER, and Edward TANNER.30 Given that there are not any other known records of a "Paul BUSTER," this is probably Paulser BUTCHER. Michael BUSH had been a settler on the South Branch, and BUSH, PRINGLE and TANNER were known
to have been in the Buckhannon-West Fork area at that time; this may record Paulser's first excursion westward to check out the land. By August of that year (1775), Paulser MICHKER and Nicholas MISKER were paid for claims against the estate of George DICE;31 adjacent names in the settlement clearly place them back on the South Branch at this time. Lyman CHALKLEY misread "Nich. MISKER" as Mich. MISKER in his abstraction of these records.

Henry METSKER paid money to the estate of Valentine PENCE in 1776.32 This is the first time he is known to appear in any records; he married Betsy CLINE in Shenandoah County in 1785. He also appears to be the same Henry METZGER who settled in Greenbrier County in 1789, had a family there, and moved on in the 1820's. Though no records directly connect him with our
family, it is possible that he is another son of Valentine. Also in Greenbrier was a William BUTCHER; he married Margaret DONALLY in 1785. At the same time there is a reference in Greenbrier to a William MASSUKOR (apparently living near DONALLYS); this could be another phonetic mis-spelling of METZGER. Since the name of Maria Elizabeth (KIEPPERT) METZGER'S father was William (Wilhelm KIEPPERT) , it seems very logical that they would have named a son after him; in addition, the name "William" was often used among descendants of Valentine's own children. This William BUTCHER lived in Greenbrier from about 1785 to 1791; as suggested by a descendant of Jacob METZGER/BUTCHER, William may have moved to Botetourt Co., VA with Jacob (see later section on Jacob).

In August 1777 it was ordered that "George BUCHER, age 15 the 29th of Jan. last, be bound to Henry SHUCK (SHOOK?) to learn trade of blacksmith, and reading, writing and arithmetic to rule of three, and to give him 7 pounds as freedom dues."33 This is clearly the George Valentine METZGER that was born Jan. 21, 1762 and baptized at the Peaked Mountain Church At this time, we do not know what became of him. This concludes the record of our family in the
Augusta records; by 1778, their land began to be included in the formation of other counties.

As I indicated earlier, Valentine patented 130 acres near the head of South Mill Creek in present Pendleton County. At that time, this land was in Augusta; the Augusta-Hampshire line (or "Fairfax line") was between Petersburg and Moorefield. In 1778 when Rockingham was formed,the Augusta-Hampshire line was moved to just south of the present Pendleton-Grant line, and thus included Valentine's land in Hampshire. In 1786 when Hardy County was formed from that part of Hampshire, the land was subsumed. Then, in 1788 when Pendleton was formed, the line was again moved about 5 miles back north; the area in which the BUTCHERS had settled had changed counties four times in ten tears without ever moving! Anyway, in Hampshire County on May 12, 1778, "... Eve MITSCAW, widow and relict of Valentine MITSCAW, deceased, and
Nicholas MITSCAW, son and heir at law of the said Valentine MITSCAW..." sold the patented 130 acres to Joshua HILL.34 This is the first record of Nicholas's wife, Susanna; she signed her mark of consent to this sale. Clearly, Valentine's first wife, Mary Elizabeth (KIEPPERT) died between 1764 (birth of last known child) and 1772; Valentine remarried Eve-----, probably ofsome South Branch family.

Four years after the sale of the land, the following people are found in the 1782 census of Hampshire: Eve BUTCHER (3), John BUTCHER (7), Paul BUTCHER (7), and Nicholas MITCHER (9). In the 1784 census, Eve is not listed, John has 7, Paul has 6, and Nicholas has11 in his household. I suggested earlier that this John BUTCHER was possibly a relative of Valentine; he does not seem to have been another son. John is on the tax and other records of Hampshire past the year of 1810. Paul BUTCHER was taxed in Hampshire from 1762 to 1785.
Nicholas was also taxed there as BUTCHER in 1782, MITCHAR in 1783, MISSCAW in 1784, and MITCHER in 1785. His residence would have been included in Hardy County in 1786; the tax records for Hardy for that year do not list him, but they appear to be far from complete.

On the 1787 census of Virginia (actually, tax list) , Nicholas was taxed in Hardy, Paulser and Jacob BUTCHER were taxed in Rockingham, although they lived in different districts. Paulser lived in northern section that encompassed the Pendleton area; Jacob lived in the standard part of Rockingham. In 1788 Jacob BUTCHER married Ann HALMALDTY (HELMENTOLER- (sp?))in Rockingham County; Charles SMITH (schoolmaster) and Michael MALLOW were thewitnesses. Barbara McCARTHY, a descendant of Jacob, recently informed me that Jacob moved to Botetourt Co., VA; he and wife signed a deed ca. 1805 as "Jacob METZGER." She also reported that Jacob moved his family to Fairfield Co., Ohio, where he died in 1824.35

By 1788, both Nicholas and Paulser BUTCHER are listed in John McCALLY'S list of tithables in Harrison County; based on others in the list, they were living in the present area of Lewis Co. As is well known, Paulser continued to live in Lewis Co; however Nicholas moved back to Pendleton and was included on the list of tithables there for 1790. There in 1792 a Margaret BUTCHER married Jacob PITSENBARGER; it is assumed that she was the oldest daughter of
Nicholas and Susanna. In1797, Jacob and Margaret sold their land and moved west with a large contingent of other South Branch families. In 1794, both Nicholas BUTCHER Sr. and Jr. were recorded in the militia lists. In January of 1794, Nicholas BUTCHER located 35 acres of land on the west side of North Mill Creek, joining WISE'S, FISHER, COLLEPS, LOWTHERS.36 On
Feb. 11, 1795, Nicholas METZGER had the same land surveyed by James SKIDMORE and Moses HENKLE.37 Then, in 1800, Nicholas and Susanna BUTCHER sold that same land to to John COLAP; again Susanna signed her mark of consent.38 In Pendleton Nicholas BUTCHER had additional locations of 40, 50, and 50 acres; only the 40 acre survey was recorded. Strangely
enough, the eventual sale of these lands has not been found in the records.

Despite the startling nature of all this new evidence, this really represents only a beginning of documentation and consolidation of this family. Even though the footnotes may be overdone, I want to provide enough reference that others may verify this research. Without trying to sound critical, the group of "brothers" advanced by Virginia Dean LAWSON has no documentable inter-
relatedness (excepting those suggested here); those seven were just a collection of BUTCHERS who had Revolutionary War service in Virginia. Given the preponderance of the name "Gasper" in Paulser's descendants, it is possible that Paulser did have a brother by that name. Anne BUTCHER of Newbury Park, CA. has documented evidence that her ancestor Gasper BUTCHER came from Virginia, lived in Kentucky and died in Illinois. He had several children whose namesmatch those in the Valentine BUTCHER family.

David ARMSTRONG was responsible for identifying the germanic variations of the BUTCHER name and the METZGER records in the Peaked Mountain Church session book. Jeff CARR did the individual county research. Our contact person who did the German research in Salt Lake City has verified the abundance of METZGER records in the area around Nieder-Linxweiler. Based on the quality of his completed research and the probable success of further investigation,
we want to create a research fund to finance the thorough documentation of our ancestors. Several of us have already invested in this and we would like to ask for contributions from any other interested descendants. To help keep communications clear and simple , please direct contributions and inquires to David; we keep in regular contact and share information: David ARMSTRONG, P.O. Box 1933, Elkins, WV 26241. Written by Jeff CARR Box 98 Hambleton,WV 26269.

SOURCES

1. The Palatine Emigrant , Vol. XI, (No. 3) (Winter/Spring, 1988), p. 117
2. Warner hacker, Auswanderungen Aus Rheinpfalz und Saarland im 18. Jahrhundert
( Emigration from Rhineland-Pfalz and Saareland in the 18th Century) p. 553 .
3. Manumissions, Ottweiler Co., 1738-1754 (State Archives, Saarbruecken, NS , 14)
4. Millard M. RICE (ed.) , This Was The Life: Excerpted from the Judgment Records of
Frederick Co., MD 1748-1765 (Redwood City, CA 1979), p. 45-46
5.GraceL.TRACEY and John P.DERN Pioneers of Old Monocacy (Baltimore, 1987) , p.157-158
6. Frederick S. WEISER (ed.) , Frederick Evangelocal Lutheran Church; Frederick Co., MD; Bks
. I & II; 1743-1811 (Gettsburg, PA 1969), p. 15
7. Ibid. p. 17
8. Harrison Co., WV Order Bk. 1797-1799, p. 190, 19l, 252.
9. Harrison Co., WV Order/minute Bk. 1792-1797, p. 90
10. Frederick S. WEISER (ed.) , Frederick, MD Lutheran Marriages and Burials. 1743-1811
Washington, D.C. 1972, p. 125
11. Augusta Co., VA Will Bk. 2, p. 358-359
12. Ibid. , p. 384-386
13. Augusta Co., VA Will Bk. 3, p.75
14. Joseph B.KELLOG Tulpehocken- Virginia Notes (1945) p. 162,177
15. Augusta Co. Order Bk. 7, p. 187
16. Augusta Co., Deed Bk. 10, p. 20-22
17. Augusta Co., VA. Deed Bk. 11 p. 828-829
18. Augusta Co., VA , Deed Bk. 15, p. 308-310
l9. J. HINKE & Charles KEMPER (ed.) Record of The Peaked Mountain Church, Rockingham
Co., VA (?year)
20. Augusta Co., VA., Will Bk.. 3, p.428
21. Augusta Co., VA, Will Bk. 4 p. 239-240
22. Ibid. p. 282
23. Augusta Co., VA , Survey 0-1, p. 161
24. Edgar SIMS (ed.) Sim's Index to Land Grants in West Virginia (Charleston, WV, 1952
p.778)
25.Augusta Co., VA, Order Bk. 14, p.453
26.Augusta Co., VA, Will Bk, 5 p. 47-48
27. Ibid., p. 211-215
28. Ibid., p. 89
29. Augusta Co., VA Survey Bk, 0-1 , p. 236
30. Augusta Co., VA, Order BK. l6, p. 64
31. Augusta Co., VA Will Bk. 5, p. 376
32. Ibid., p. 430
33. Augusta Co., VA Order Bk. 16, p. 204
34. Hampshire Co., WV Deed Bk. 4, p. 239
35. BUTCHER BLOCK, Vol. 5 (1987), p. 25
36. Pendleton Co., WV Location Bk., 1788-1833, p. 68
37. Pendleton Co., WV Surveyor's Bk. A, p. 313
38. Pendleton Co., WV Deed Bk. 3, p. 207-208
39. BUTCHER BLOCK, Vol. 6 (1989) p.25-26

CORRECTIONS:

After further research the sentence on page three, beginning with Apparently, there is no record of the METZGERS having owned land in Frederick; should now read " Georg Valentin METZGER had two deeds in Frederick co., MD. [ Deed Bk. B Pg. 590] (1) 19 June 1752 Ballinger ck.- 40 ac.-18 pounds. [ Deed bk. E Pg 300] (2) Nov. 1,1753 for more land on Ballinger ck."

NOTE: See "More about" in the notes for Anna Catherina THOM/DOHM for continuation of notes of Johann Philip METZGER








More About J
OHANN PHILIP METZGER:
Buried: Niederlinxweiler, Germany6
Church: Probably Lutheran
Places of res: Steinbach, Welschbach, Mainzweiler and
Places of res: Niederlinxweiler, Germany

Notes for A
NNA CATHERINA DOHM/THOM:
Dau. of Hans Dohm and Elizabeth Catherina Zimmer

REPORT OF GERMAN RESEARCH SPECIALIST- Family History Library Salt Lake City, UT. (9 July 1992)

Paulser BUTCHER = Balthasar METZGER b. 26 Jan. 1753 Frederick Co., MD.He was baptized 3 March 1753 Mainzweiler, Germany. m. Maria Elisabetha KIEPPERT, 6 Dec 1739 in Mainzweiler, Germany. Proof of marriage:
Nieder- Linxweiler Parish Register - marriages 1726- 1782 FHL # 1052688
GROOM:Georg Valentine METZGER, cooper, son of deceased Philip METZGER, former citizen and cooper at Mainzweiler, Germany.
BRIDE:Maria Elisabetha, d/o Johann Wilhelm KIEPPERT of Nieder-Linxweiler, Germany
PROCLAMATION: 19 Nov. 1739, Elisabeth's day.
MARRIED:6 Dec. 1739

Georg was s/o Johann Philip METZGER and Anna Catharina THOM, married 16 Jan. 1696. Johann Philip born 1669, lived in Steinbach, Welshbach and Mainzweiler, Germany. Anna possibly d/o Hans THOM of Welshbach, Germany. She died 8 April 1742

Nieder-Linxweiler Parish Register - Burials 1726-1782 FHL #1052688
NAME:Johann Philip METZGER
DIED:24 Dec. 1738
BURIED:25 Dec. 1738
AGE:69 1/2 years old

Johann Philip METZGER, possibly s/o Johann Jacob METZGER of Jettenbach, Germany

Mainzweiler is a neighboring town to Nieder-Linxweiler, Germany. The name KIEPPERT is noto be confused with the name of KIEFER, which is another distinct family in the area.

Maria Elisabetha KIEPPERT, was b. ca 1720 d/o Johann Wilhelm KIEPPERT b. 1688 and died 2 Jan. 1742 in the evening between 7 & 8 o'clock in his 54th year. He was buried 4 Jan. 1742. Johann married Anna Catharina GABLER (History of Nieder-Linxweiler). She b. ca 1690, possibly d/o Hans Martin GABLER or Hans Jacob GABLER. They were both s/o Evaand Hans GABLER, who died 1672 in Nieder-Linxweiler, Germany. Hans possibly s/o
Terentius GABLER who married Elss -?- in 1634 and he died in Steinbach 1677. Terentius was possibly s/o Matthes GABEL, who died 1620 in Steinbach, Germany and wife Margaret -? -.

LETTER WRITTEN BY GARY T. HORLACHER, A GERMAN RESEARCH
SPECIALIST OF SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH. (Retyped)

1296 Gillespie Ave.
Salt Lake City, Utah

August17,1993

Bette Butcher Topp
W. 1304 Cliffwood Court
Spokane,WA 99218-2917

It was nice to meet you in Salt Lake City. I hope your research was profitable! Unfortunately I again overspent my six hours and spent nearly twice that on this research; however, I didn't want to quit until I had found something.

NIEDER-LINXWEILER CHURCH RECORDS

As I told you, the hardest part of doing this research was establishing which parish had what jurisdiction during what period of time. This became very complex and it still isn't sorted out perfectly. Apparently before 1726, the Lutherans at Nieder-Linxweiler, Oberlinweiler and Remmesweiler went to church at Ottweiler (or that is where their records were kept by the minister).

After 1726 there was a Lutheran church book kept at Nieder-Linxweiler for those three towns. After 1728 there was also a church book kept at Mainzweiler which included also entries from Remmesweiler, Oberlinweiler, Nieder-Linxweiler, Steinbach, Wershweiler and Wetschausen.

During the years 1672-1678 there was a churchbook started for Nieder-Linxweiler, Oberlinweiler and Remmesweiler. Apparently, this was not successful and they were again recorded at Ottweiler. This churchbook covering the years 1672-1678, apparently was used when the minister at Dorrenbach began keeping records in 1681. The records at Dorrenbach after 1781 include entries from the towns of Dorrenbach, Furth, Werschweiler and Lautenbach.
.
It appears that some of the early Lutheran records from Nieder-Linxweiler may also be included either with Neunkirchen or with the Catholic records in a nearby town.

The earliest records at Ottweiler, covering the time period 1617-1626 only included the towns of Welschbach, Steinbach, Neumunster and Mainzweiler. Apparently during this time before the 30-years war, the Lutheran church probably was big enough to have its own parish at Nieder- Linxweiler. On page 573 of the Nieder-Linxweiler book it states that before the war (before 1635) there were 15 houses in this village, and that after the second war in 1677 the town was burned down, Since then, as of 1684, there had been seven houses rebuilt.

It is no wonder that it took a hundred years (1626-1726) for the town of Nieder-Linxweiler and surrounding towns to grow big enough to support a Lutheran minister again. During those years the Lutheran members apparently had to have their christenings, marriages and funeral ceremonies performed by the minister of Ottweiler.. Apparently they tried to have their own church again after the second war, but after four years (1672-1676) they had to again fall under the jurisdiction of Ottweiler until 1726. The bottom of page XVlll of the Nieder-Linxweiler book talks about some of this history.

The records of Nieder-Linxweiler1672-1676 and those of Ottweiler were searched for the names on your pedigree chart. Following is a report of what was found on each of those families.

THOM/DOHM FAMILY

This family was extended back another generation. Beginning in 1677 the children of Hans THOM of Welschbach were searched for and three were found including Anna Catharina THOM, who married Johann Philip METZGER:

1. Anna Catharine THOM chr 24 Feb. 1674
2. Maria Ottilia THOM chr 28Mar. 1675
3. Maria Angelica THOM chr 11 Nov. 1677

There were probably other children and this could be searched for in the future if you are interested. I noted another daughter, Anna Elisabetha, christened 26 October but didn't note the year. The marriage record was also located for Hans DOHM which extended his line back another generation and established his wife's name and her father:

Hans DOHM, son of Niclas DOHM, of Welschbach married 30 May 1672 Elisabetha Catharina , daughter of Johann ZIMMER.

While looking for this information the records of a Christian DOHM was also located. This included a marriage record and a child's christening record:

Christian DOM (sic), son of Niclas DOM of Welschbach married 18 Jan. 1670 Catharin, daughter of Nichel SCHMID of Hatzweiler.

Hans Leonhard, son of Christian DOHM and Catharina, christened September 1673.

The above records all come from the parish of Ottweiler. From the earliest records in the 1617- 1626 time period Welschbach belonged to the parish of Ottweiler. The christening records for the time period of the 1640s and 1650s were searched but no record was found for that timeperiod for the DOHM family


It appears that the DOHM family moved to Welschbach sometime around 1650-1670. Perhaps the death record of Niclas DOHM, his wife or his two sons might give some clues about where this family came from prior to coming to Welschbach. This is one area that could be researched further. Also no attempt was made to locate where the ZIMMER family was from, except in researching the 1640-1650s of Ottweiler. Further research could be spent to try to locate where this family came from.

GABLER REPORT

Since you wanted the missing generation on the GABLER family between Anna CatharinaGABLER and Hans GABLER, this was the area that I spent most of my time. After searching the records of Ottweiler and Nieder-Linxweiler very carefully for the time period that Anna Catharina GABLER should have been born and also looking at the lists from the Nieder- Linxweiler book, it was very obvious that there were only two GABLER families living at Nieder-Linxwewiler during this period.

Several additions were found on these two families from the information in the Nieder-Linxweiler book. These were the families of Hans Martin GABLER and Hans Jacob GABLER. There was also a Caspar GABLER of Steinbach that had children christened during this time period.

After studying these families, carefully, and still not placing the Anna Catharina GABLER, theinformation on the KIEPPERT family was again evaluated.

KIEPPERT FAMILY

From the last report was found a Johann Wilhelm KIEPPERT who shows up in Nieder- Linxweiler during the time period 1730-1741. He had at least three children:

1. Johann Valentin (Velte) KIEPPERT, witness in 1732. He died 17April 1739 and was buried 19 April 1739 at Nieder-Linxweiler.
2. Maria Elisabetha KIEPPERT m. 6 Dec. 1739 Georg Valentin METZGER at Nieder- Linxweiler.
3. Maria Catharina KIEPPERT b. 8 Feb. 1731, chr 10 Feb. 1731 in Nieder-Linxweiler. She died 10 May 1732 at Nieder-Linxweiler.

The father, Johann Wilhelm KIEPPERT was buried 2 Jan. 1742 at Nieder-Linxweiler in his 54th year. He was listed as 53 years old and poor in 1741. In 1731 he was listed as having three children, one son, one daughter, and five people in the household. From the above information, it would seem that there were two daughters and that makes a total of five people in 1731. By
1737 the oldest daughter had died and the other son and daughter were still living at home making it four people in the household.

From the christening record of Maria Catharina KIEPPERT, in 1731, we learn that the mother was Anna Catharina. So far the only place where the name was listed as Anna Catharina GABLER was from the Nieder-Linxweiler book and there is no indication where that information came from.

On searching this book very carefully a new connection was found on page 238, family number 934. Notice that the eighth child of Hans Nickel LEPPER and Anna Maria LEHNMEYER was a Catharina LEPPER who married Wilhelm KIEPPERT. Now I have combed these records very carefully and there is only one Wilhelm KIEPPERT. The name KIEPPERT was found spelled variously but is not to be confused with the name KIEFERT. This is the same Wilhelm
KIEPPERT as the author of this book lists as married to Anna Catharina GABLER.

It is my belief that the author either mixed up Anna Catherina GABLER, the wife of Hans Georg LEPPER with Wilhelm KIEPPERT or some other way got the name by mistake. There are plenty of mistakes in this book, but it is a helpful guide anyway because of all the sources it uses.

In any case there was apparently a probate record of some kind dated 20 June 1737 where the widow of Hans Nickel LEPPER reported her son-in-law to the bailiff. It may have been part of this record that listed the daughter of Catherina LEPPER who was then the wife of WilhelmKIEPPERT.

In any case, with the LEPPER connection instead of the GABLER connection, it was possible easily to take the family back three more generations in the Nieder-Linxweiler book. These generations can be verified in the church records if you wish.. Below is a summary and copiesof this information from the Nieder-Linxweiler book are enclosed.


MICHEL LEPP
Hans Nikel LEPPER
Ottilie LEPP

Anna Catharina LEPPER
Johann LEHNMEYER
Johann Ludwig LEHNMEYER
Anna Maria LEHNMEYER
Anna Margaretha KIEFER
Hans KIEFER

This information is also found on the enclosed pedigree chart. It would probably be good to go to the original sources and try to prove this connection better and find the birth and marriagerecord of Anna Catharina LEPPER.

In looking for the KIEPPERT family in the IGI, there were a few families by this name in the area to the north east of Nieder-Linxweiler including the towns of Cronenberg and Herren- Sulzbach.

METZGER FAMILY

Not enough time was left to see if we could extend the METZGER family any further. The records of Jettenbach go back to 1742 and those of Kaulbach on the east go back to1728. Reichenbach on the south go back to 1660 and Bosenbach on the west go back to 1709. We could see if the records of Reichenbach or Bosenbach included entries for Jettenbach in the earlier records. Otherwise it would appear that the METZGER family has been extended aboutas far as it is possible at present.

SUMMARY

It appears that instead of reporting that these were the end of lines and nothing more could be done, we have instead found several more leads and helped extend these families back a couplemore generations in the German records.

I spent over 10 hours doing the research on this family, but you can pay me for 6 hours as we agreed ($90). I would suggest , however, spending another10 hours in order to follow these leads; first by establishing the end of the line for the METZGER family and DOHM family, and by documenting and proving the connections on the KIEPPERT/LEPPER families.

This has been a very interesting project and I've really enjoyed researching these families. Bestwishes to you in your research.

Sincerely,

(His signature)
Gary T. Horlacher, A. G. RETYPED FROM A LETTER FROM TERRY L. CARPENTER TO BETTE TOPP 22 JUL
1992

Terry L. Carpenter / HQ USAFE / PSC 2, Box 6154 / APO AE 09012 To Bette B. Topp / W.
1304 Court / Spokane, WA 99218-2917 22 July 1992

Dear Bette:

Congratulations on the success of your map lecture! 82 maps in one hour? You must be one fast talker! I'm sure everyone enjoyed it, and you made some serious converts to the ranks of "cartophiles".

I got to Nieder-Linxweiler just a couple of weeks after your letter arrived. It was Sunday afternoon and everything was quiet. I am going back when everything is open on a weekday and the weather is good but I didn't want you to think I was ignoring your letter. I took the enclosed photos of a few of the highlights and we walked around getting leads on other things.

It is a very picturesque little town. It is situated in a small valley in a bend of the Blies river with the Bahnof (train station) on one side and the town square on the other and most of the oldest buildings around the square. The two halves of the village are connected with a bridge. The oldest houses are built of light-red sandstone blocks. The oldest part of town follows the valley
with the river. The newer houses (those only 200 years or so old) climb up the hillsides around the center of the town. You can walk quite a ways up on the Wanderwage (hiking paths) which we did-- a climb of 200 or so feet.. It was quite a view. The photo from the top does not do it justice. The main church dates from the 1770s but was not the first church. Behind it and a little
ways up the hillside, is the main cemetery. We walked through it and I found the names KIEFER and SCHERER on tombstones. One came out in a photo, the second one of the cemetery, with the new memorial chapel in it. The tombstone on the left is for the "Eheleute" (married people) GEMSER and KIEFER (KIEFER would be the wife's maiden name). Here in Germany, they have a law that if cemetery plots are abandoned they are turned back over to the state, so older tombstones rarely survived. There is a Metzgerie (butcher shop) in the town,
but I did not find the name METZGER on anything that day. METZGER is a very common name in the Rheinland-Pfalz where we live and they could have moved out of the Saarland seeking jobs or land or something. I got the idea that the town had been hit really hard by at least one war.

The last photo is of the town memorial to all the wars since 1870-1871 and there were quite a few in this region. It has been a battleground for 2,000 years and more. The Saarland is a bit different from the rest of Germany. It seceded from Germany after WWll and joined France but eventually voted to rejoin Germany. It is a coal-mining region but coal-mining has mostly gone
bust and the main industry seems to be light manufacturing now. Like most of the border areas, many of the people have French ancestry and surnames and the local dialect of Germany has a French flavor to it and French is understood and spoken a bit. It was a stronghold of the Celts before the Romans conquered the area and there are a lot of Celtic ruins in the area including a
Celtic ringwall fortress dating from about the time of Christ which is one of our favorite places to spend a day. After the Celts came the Romans, then the Germans, who mixed with the French who were not far away.

The region is mountainous with little quiet rivers and brooks cutting through them, lots of green trees and wheat fields, neat houses with tile roofs and people walking and bicycling around. It must be a very peaceful place to live, at least for the last 50 years. The people were very friendly, even when trying to cope with my not-very-fluent German. They are curious about Americans and interested about hearing about relatives in America.

The reference to "Lothringer Province" refers to the division of Europe in the year 843 into three kingdoms for the three grandsons of Charlemagne, Louis, Charles and Lothair. Lothair's part was the Lothringer Province and was the middle empire created by the treaty of Verdun in 843. It included, roughly, a strip of area which is now the Netherlands, extreme western Germany,
northeastern France, down to the Mediterranean with the western portion of the Alps. This included what is now Saarland. It was indefensible and didn't last long in the rivalry between the two stronger brothers.

I will get back, I promise. The old Rathaus (town hall) has an aerial photo and history (in German), but it was closed up tight. No phone book to go through (the Germans don't have phone books in their public phones). All this I will get when I go back. It's only 45 minutes away and a very scenic drive. We both have been so busy lately that it's hard to get away during the week when the weather is decent. The summer rush is half over, and things are much less hectic closer to September, so at the latest by then I'll get back and get more information. Ottweiler isinteresting too, , so I'll take a look there also.

ADDITIONAL NOTES FROM TERRY L. CARPEN TER

The village of Nieder-Linxweiler is in the Kreis (county) of St. Wendel and was in the ancient province of Lothringer, which was in existence from 843-870 A.D. The people of the area were originally Celts and Franks before they differentiated into German or French. Saarland was first more German because it was part of the German-speaking Frankish Kingdom after the break-up
of the Lothringer Province, but became a French Province (de la Sarre) in 1684 and was part of Louis XlV's empire. In 1697, it was returned to the German states, but in 1792 French troops again occupied it. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, most of it was ceded to Prussia. When the Alsace-Lorraine was ceded to the German empire in 1871, the Saar became part of Lorraine.
It became part of France after WWl but in 1935 voted to return to Germany. It was occupied by French troops in 1945, and rejoined Germany in 1959. Quite a history of upheaval.

The time period when the METZGER family was present and judging from their Germanic surname and the period they were there (early and mid-1700s), it is felt they were probably Germanic settlers who moved there out of the Pfalz after 1697, and left for America during the threat of French occupation in the mid-1700s. That seemed to be a common pattern in southwest Germany.

Since WWll they have changed the graves over a period of years, though the custom varies. It seems that the Nieder-Linxweiler cemetery may have fallen into disuse or was destroyed which is why there are no very old tombstones there. The main cemetery seems to go back only to the late 1700s in its present form, but with only very few tombstones older than the 1900s.

I would estimate only 500-1,000 people live in Nieder-Linxweiler. I could find no active historical society. People suggested there might be a history with Ottweiler. Nieder-Linxweiler has been administratively absorbed by the city of St. Wendel, so there is not really a Rathaus (town hall) function any more. I referred to Nied. as a "Stadt" and people thought I was referring to St. Wendel or Ottweiler, then corrected me by telling me that Nied is a "Dorf" (vary small
village).

The land is mostly agricultural with some forest. According to the Atlas of Saarland in the library, it seemed the families (I was interested in) were clustered around a 15-20 mile area near Ottweiler.

The river winds through the town through the trees. The village was originally situated on the left bank of the river and by the 20th century had crossed the river and climbed the mountain, so that Nieder-Linxweiler filled the whole valley.

The church is near the right end of the bridge and the bell tower is its distinguishing feature with trees to the right of it and rows of graves further to the right. Pink sandstone is the typical building material for the Saar (land) and the southern Pfalz. Most buildings have been plastered over but many are now being restored to original appearance and some villages have dozens of
them. Nowadays, 3-4 families may share one of these since families are no longer large and the apprentices , servants, etc, no longer live with the families. Many of them are still owned and operated as farms, though new enviornmental laws are making some of them close down if they are too close to town ( they have quite a strong odor sometimes).


Editor's note: Thanks to Terry, who is one of the best researchers I know , for giving us a flavor of the southwestern Germany village of Nieder-Linxweiler, from whence the Georg Valentin METZGER/BUTCHER family originated. (Note written by Bette Butcher TOPP, publisher of the volumes of "Butcher Block".)

BUTCHER BLOCK-VOLUME 12 MARCH 1995

MORE GERMAN RESEARCH

At the time the ship Patience arrived, two other vessels were about landing. In the ARCHIVES is found this Memorandom:= " The foreigners, in number 49 imported in the ship Francis and Elizabeth Capt. BEACH, being sickly, were not permitted to be landed. Likewise, the foreigners,
in number 53, imported in the ship Rachel, Capt. ARMSTRONG, were so sickly that it was thought dangerous to suffer them to land altogether; wherupon the sick were ordered to be separated from the well, and such as recovered, with the well, were to be qualified occasionally".

+[ From "Names of Germans, Swiss and Other Immigrants-1749]" pg 207

In continuing back further on the Georg Valentin Metzger/Butcher information, I have finally got the marriage record of the grandparents of Georg Valentin Butcher. He was born 19 April 1715 and chrustened 22 April 1715 at Mainzweiler, Germany. This was according to the record at Ottweiler church. He was a son of Johann Philip Metzger and Anna Catherine Dohm who married in 1696. The Ottweiler Evangelical Church Register of marriages 1670-1702 on film #490011 item 2 shows that on, "the 30th of May 1672 was married Hans Dohm , legitimate son of Niclas Dohmen of Welschbach, and Elisabetha Catharina, the legitimate daughter of Johann Zimmer."

More About A
NNA CATHERINA DOHM/THOM:
Buried: Nieder-Linxweiler, Germany7
     
Children of J
OHANN METZGER and ANNA DOHM/THOM are:
3. i.   JOHANN ADAM3 METZGER, b. May 26, 1701, Mainzweiler, Germany; d. Aft. 1748, PA.
4. ii.   GEORG VALENTIN METZGER/BUTCHER, b. April 19, 1715, Mainzweiler, Germany; d. 1772, South Branch, Pendleton Co. VA (WV).
  iii.   CONRAD METZGER, b. Unknown.


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