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View Tree for Nicholas GibbsNicholas Gibbs (b. 29 Sep 1733, d. 14 Mar 1817)

Picture of Nicholas Gibbs
Nicholas Gibbs Historical Marker

Nicholas Gibbs (son of John Nicholas Gibbs and Anna Maria)1152, 1152 was born 29 Sep 1733 in Village Wallruth, Krumback, Duchy Baden, Germany1152, and died 14 Mar 1817 in Lost Creek, Knox County, TN, USA1152. He married Mary Efland on Abt. 1764 in Orange County, North Carolina, daughter of Peter Efland and Catherine Pickard.

 Includes NotesNotes for Nicholas Gibbs:
Sharp, Graves and Gibbs Genealogy

Another distinguised settler at Sharp's Station was Nicholas Gibbs. Gibbs was born in the Duchy of Baden, German, on September 29, 1733. It is claimed that he saw service in the French and Indian War and during the American Revolution as an official of Orange County, North Carolina, under the Continental Government. The Gibbs family had once been courtiers at the royal court when the Stuart dynasty held power in England and held great estates there. Gen. G. W. Gibbs, a son of Nicholas, in a letter to the first William Gibbs McAdoo, in 1846, stated that his family left England to save their heads at the time their king lost his, and from this bit of information, we believe that the Gibbs family migratd to German when Cromwell came to power and caused King Charles I to be executed.

Before migrating to Tennessee Nicholas Gibbs lived some four miles from present Burlington, North Carolina on Liberty Road. Stoner's Church at the confluence of the creeks that united to form Great Alamance, housed both the German Reform and the Lutheran congregations.

Hundreds of people throughout East Tennessee proudly claim descent from Nicholas Gibbs and his wife, Mary Efland. Gibbs and his family moved to upper Knox County, Tennessee, after Indian hostilities ceased where he purchased many acres and raised a large family. The Gibbs community and Gibbs High School bear his name. Gibbs died in 1817 and was buried on the homeplace at near Harbison's Cross Roads. His log home, built in 1792, still stands.

His children were:

1. Elizabeth Gibbs, born 1765, married John Snodderly, buried at Lost Creek Cemetery.

2. Mary Gibbs, born 1766, married Henry Albright, buried at Stoner's churchyard, Orange (now Alamance) County, North Carolina.

3. Sarah Gibbs, married Conrad Sharp, buried Lost Creek Cemetery.

4. John Gibbs, married Ann Howard and was buried near the mouth of Hinds' Creek in Anderson County, Tennessee.

5. Catherine Gibbs, married John Holmes and is buried in Stoner's churchyard, Alamance County, North Carolina.

6. Nicholas Gibbs Jr., married Rachel Doyle. He was a captain and fell in the Battle at Horseshoe Bend, supposedly buried there.

7. David Gibbs, born in 1774, married Sarah Tulman, daughter of Tobias and Catherine Sharp Tillman. Catherine was a daughter of Henry and Barbara Graves Sharp. Tobias settled where the late Harvey Stooksbury lived near Loyston, but migrated to Preable County, Ohio, in 1803.

8. Jacob Gibbs, born 1777, married Hulda Reed and is buried in Gibbs family graveyard near Harbinson's Cross Roads, Knox County, Tennessee.

9. Barbara Gibbs, married Dr. Beriah Frazier and is buried in Rhea County, Tennessee.

10. Sylphenia Gibbs, married Jesse Martin and migrated to Missouri.

11. George W. Gibbs, married Leanna Dibrell of White County, Tennessee. He was a lawyer and banker in Nashville, founded Union City, Tennessee, and buried there. He was Adjutant General of Tennessee under Gov. William Carroll.

12. Daniel Gibbs, born 1786, married Sarah Sharp.
Online copy of "The Gibbs Magazine"

Gibbs Family History
by Curtis P. Irwin, Jr. (circa 1952)

It is believed that the forefathers of Nicholas Gibbs, because of religious and political reasons, migrated from England, their mother country, about the time of the execution of Charles I in 1649 and the reign of Oliver Cromwell. They sought refuge along the Rhine River in Germany and it was in the village of Wallruth, near the town of Krumbach, Duchy of Baden, that Nicholas was born on September 29, 1733.

In the original Gibbs family there were three brothers, Peter, Abraham, and Nicholas, and two sisters, Mary and Catherine. Abraham and Nicholas came from Germany to America, Nicholas coming to America in 1747 and Abraham sometime prior to that time. Peter died in Germany before Nicholas left for America. Abraham settled in the town of Fredericktown, Maryland and his descendants were residents of Baltimore, Maryland in 1846. Nicholas, named for his father (Nicholas of Germany), became offended with his father in some way and left home for America at the age of 14 years (1747). He left home with 30 guineas ($150.00 in American money), which the captain of the ship told him was just half enough to pay for his fare across the ocean, so Nicholas sold his time to pay for the other half.

After working his time out for the other half of his fare, he joined the English army and served five years in the French and Indian War. While he was a soldier his brother, Abraham, heard of him and sought an appointment with him. Nicholas had no recollection of ever having seen his brother, so he applied the criterion his mother had given him by which to identify Abraham, should ever they meet, which was a spot or scar on Abraham's head. Finding the spot on Abraham's head, he at once claimed him as his brother. After serving his tour of five years, Nicholas went to Frederickstown, Maryland to live with his brother, Abraham. However his brother's wife and he did not harmonize, so Nicholas went to North Carolina and settled in Orange County, where he married Miss Mary Ephland and where part of his family was grown and some married before he came to East Tennessee to settle 12 miles northeast of Knoxville, Tennessee, near House Mountain.

Nicholas sold his property in Orange County, North Carolina on October 12, 1791 to Obed Green. His daughter, Catherine, married John Holmes on October 17, 1791 and it is believed that shortly after her marriage he and his large family moved to East Tennessee and settled in what is now Knox County. His old home is still standing near Harbison's Cross Roads (1952). Acccording to Tennessee records, Nicholas bought 450 acres of land in Hawkins County on March 6, 1792, for 200 pounds, "including Beaver Dam Fork on Beaver Creek." This section of Hawkins County later became part of Knox County, when on June 11, 1792, Governor Blount issued an ordinance defining the lines of Greene and Hawkins Counties and laying off two new counties, Knox and Jefferson.

On July 18, 1792, the first court in Knox County was held by James White, et al. On April 25, 1796, the first County Court was begun under the State Constitution, at which time Nicholas Gibbs was one of the Justices of Peace commissioned by the Governor. On April 25, 1796, Nicholas Gibbs was given a grant of 100 acres on Beaver Dam Creek (Knox County) for "services in the Continental Line" (Land Grant Records, Raleigh, North Carolina, Book 88, Page 193, Grant 257, dated March 7, 1796). This grant is also recorded in Knox County, Tennessee, Book B, No. 2, Registrar's Office, and his name appears on the Knox County roll of Revolutionary War soldiers as having participated in the Battle of King's Mountain. Both Nicholas Gibbs and his wife are buried in an old cemetery located on Emery Road, near Harbison's Cross Roads, North Knoxville, Tennessee. In 1915 stones were erected on the graves by some of his descendants.

Judging from the Knox County Court records, Nicholas Gibbs took an active part in civic affairs until his death, which presumably was in 1817, as his will, dated May 19, 1810, was probated in the July 1817 Sessions Book 2, Page 343, Knox County, Tennessee. This will lists all of his children as follows: seven daughters, Mary, Sarah, Catherine, Silphenia, Elizabeth, "Sophie's heirs", and Barbara; sons, John, David, Jacob, George, Nicholas, and Daniel. At the death of his wife any remaining estate, land excepted, was to be divided as follows: one dollar each to his sons and all remaining estate to be divided equally among his seven daughters. His sons, John and Nicholas, were appointed executors and witnesses were sons, Jacob Gibbs and Daniel Gibbs.

Birthdate of Nicholas Gibbs

William Gibbs McAdoo, Sr., great-grandson of Nicholas Gibbs, says in his 1846 letter to George Washington Gibbs that the record in Nicholas Gibbs own handwriting gave September 29, 1733, as the date of his birth. Mrs. Genevieve Peters found a record in Northhampton County, Pennsylvania, containing the muster roll of men who enlisted for three years to fight in the French and Indian War in Captain John Nicholas Weatherholt's company. Number 18 was Nicholas Gips, born in Germany, who enlisted September 1,1767, at the age of 20. If Nicholas Gibbs enlisted at the age of 20 (his birthday was September 29), he would have been born in 1736.

Incidentally, Gibbs would sound like Gips if pronounced by a German.

Date of Landing

According to Strassburger's Pennsylvania German Pioneers Johan Nickel Gibs arrived on October 1, 1764, on the ship Phoenix, John Spurrier, Master. The ship sailed from Rotterdam, but the passengers were listed as from "Zweybreck," now called Zweibrucken.

More About Nicholas Gibbs:
Died 2: 1817, Knox, TN, USA.1152
Military service 1: 01 Sep 1767, French and Indian War - Enlisted for 3 years in Northhampton County, Pennsylvania.1153
Military service 2: Bet. 1775 - 1781, Revolutionary War Service - King's Mountain, South Carolina.
Residence: 01 Sep 1767, Northhampton County, Pennsylvania.1154

More About Nicholas Gibbs and Mary Efland:
Marriage: Abt. 1764, Orange County, North Carolina.

Children of Nicholas Gibbs and Mary Efland are:
  1. Elizabeth Gibbs, b. 1765, Orange County, North Carolina, d. Bef. 1860.
  2. Mary Gibbs, b. 1766, Orange County, North Carolina1155, d. 18 Aug 1837, Orange County, North Carolina1155.
  3. +Sarah Gibbs, b. Abt. 1767, Orange County, North Carolina1155, 1155, d. 1844, Campbell County, Tennessee1155, 1155.
  4. +John Gibbs, b. Abt. 1780, Orange County, North Caolina1155, d. 13 Aug 1840, Anderson County, Tennessee1155.
  5. Catherine Gibbs, b. 17 Jan 1771, Orange County, North Caolina1155, d. 17 Jan 1857, Orange County, North Caolina1155.
  6. Nicholas Gibbs, b. 1772, Orange County, North Carolina1155, d. 27 Mar 1814, War of 1812, Tallapoosa, Alabama1155.
  7. +David Gibbs, b. 18 Apr 1774, Orange County, North Carolina1155, d. 05 Jun 1847, Knox County, Tennessee1155.
  8. Jacob Gibbs, b. 1777, Orange County, North Carolina1155, 1156, d. 28 Aug 1852, Knox County, Tennessee1157.
  9. George Washington Gibbs, b. 03 Oct 1784, Orange County, North Carolina1157, d. 03 May 1870, Obion County, Tennessee1157.
  10. Daniel Gibbs, b. 20 May 1786, Orange County, North Carolina1157, d. 06 Jan 1852, Knox County, Tennessee1157.
  11. Barbara Gibbs, b. 18 Apr 1789, Orange County, North Carolina1157, d. 08 Jul 1866, Rhea County, Tennessee1157.
  12. Sylphenia Gibbs, b. 1790, Orange County, North Carolina1157, d. 1809, Missouri1157.
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