Notes for Richard Cheyney: The exact and authentic connection has not been made with the English branch of the Cheyney but there is evidence that Richard Cheyney was a scion of that once famous family of the Isle of Sheppey, County Kent, England. The earliest record that I have is of Richard, born 1565 in Middlesex, London, England He married Elizabeth Offley at St. Mary,s Church, Woolwich, London. (St. Mary's CofE Church (Woolwich) Greenwich & Woolwich) St. Mary's . Richard died in 1625. As was the custom, his first born son was named Richard, Richard was born 1/25/1595 in London and at St.Mary,s He married Anne Ellinoir, date unknown. Our Richard was born in 1625 in London and migrated to American in 1649. He probably landed in Virginia and moved to Anne Arundel County, MD with his wife, Charity. He is mentioned later as a signer of a proclamation of loyalty to the king. (So he may have to leave England or lose his head) There were lesser armorial branches of the Cheyney family in County Kent, but all shared common descendants. Throughout these branches the name of Richard was common . In those days, the first born son was named after the father, the second born after the grandfather, etc. The first born daughter was named after the mother and so on. The practice produced many with the same names. There are some twenty three Richard's in this line (prior to 1625). On February 28,1643 twenty-four subjects of the Crown in the Parish of Ripple, Kent signed a proclamation upholding loyalty to the king and in defense of religion. One of the signers was Richard Cheyney who may be the Richard Cheyney of Cheney's Resolution, MD. There is strong evidence that they are the one and the same. 1667 RICHARD CHENEY demanded one hundred acres in behalf of himself and wife charity, hall of records Annapolis MD. 1659 Cheney Hill, west side of chesapeake bay south river 1659 Avalon Lord Baron of Balt County: to all persons whom present, know ye that Richard Cheney hath transported himself and Charity his wife into this province, Maryland, under our flag july 2, 1649 and remaining upon our province 8-1651. likewise do hereby grant parcel of land called Cheney Hill. MSA 1661 Cheneys Rest...County AA Md south river flatt creek 1662 Cheneys Purchase s river AA County east side of flat creek 100 acres 1662 Cheneys Hazard near where he liveth 100 acres 1662 Cheneys Neck 110 acres south river 1663 110 acres may 29 witness Charles Calvert esq Lt General. 1663 for transporting several persons into this province do grant may 29, 1663 Richard Cheney 400 acres Cheneys Resolution 1663 Cheneys Purchase granted 100 acres 1674 to Richard Cheney the elder, of south river AA County lord baron of Baltimore bearing date at St Marys 1679 John Jacob, Richard Cheney SR., Richard Cheney jr. served as Jurors in Anne Arundell Co Md. MSA 1681 Richard Cheney received 30# of tobacco for some public service. tobacco was given as currency as it was very valuable. salt was also given as it was badly needed and scarce. 1685 Richard cheney of AA county and Elinor his wife sold 7000# of tobacco 100 acres of Cheneys Resolution to John Jacob (son-in-law). 1685 Richard Cheney sr. wrote his will it was not offered for probate until 5-14-1724?? several years after his death. 1688 Richard Cheney was deceased and his inventory submitted upon this date, Walter Phelps and Robert Hopper. Anne Arundel Gentry, Volume 1, 2nd Edition states: The Cheyney family of ancient antiquity was ennobled in England, but through extravagance and being Royalists during the Civil Wars lost most of their property. There is every reason to believe that the Maryland emigrant was a scion of the ennobled family. He was lettered and the fact that he financed his own passage and that of his wife is further indication of his social level... The earliest entries in the All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel County, MD are those of the Cheyney family. The date of the entry precedes the date of the establishment of the parish. It is evident that the family kept their own records. Later spelling of the name became Cheney and Chaney. Richard and his wife, Charity migrated to Maryland and settled in the South River Hundred of Anne Arundel County. The exact date is unknown since there is no record of a claim for land for their transportation into Maryland. Sharon Doliante in her book Maryland and Virginia Colonials states: Richard Cheyney, Sr. born ca 1630, died after March 6, 1685 (date of his will) and before August 16, 1688 (date his estate was appraised) married Charity, who probably died in the mid to late 1600;s: married Elinor (Eleanor) who survived him.On July 23, 1658 Richard Cheyney entered his claim for the land that he and his wife were entitled to for the entry into Maryland. Richard Cheyney began to purchase land soon after his arrival in Anne Arundel County. He resided on the; South River Hundred; and soon became one of the largest land owners in the area. Maryland rent rolls in 1707 indicate the ownership of 2820 acres. LAND: From "The Founders of Anne Arundel and Howard Counties, MD" by J. D. Warfield, 1980, pg. 3 or 3?. Patents were issued upon beautiful South River Hundred in 1660 for "Chaney's Neck" for Richard Chaney. (P-801) LIFE: From "The Cheney Family" by Linda Poffenberger for Washington Co. MD. Historical Society. Death date given as 1685. Married first to unknown with 4 children: Richard, Elizabeth b. 1652, Mary, Ann b. 1661. Seven children by second wife Eleanor: Thomas, Charles, Sarah b. 15 OCT 1677, Katherine b. 12 Mar 1679, Charity b. 16 Mar 1681, John, Richard who was younger twin of John. Richard & Charity (Eleanor second Wife)
From "Taney and Allied Families" compiled by Katharine T. Silverton, 1935. Book has listing of her documentation. In MD as early as 16 Feb 1658 when he demanded 100 acres in Anne Arundel Co. [AA] for himself and wife Charity. First land, Cheney's Hill, located on south side of South River and south side of Flat Creek. Other lands were called Cheney's Neck, Cheney's Resolution 400 acres surveyed 16 Dec 1661, Cheney's Hazzard 100 acres, Cheney's Rest 300 acres, Cheney's Purchase 100 acres. Will dated 6 Mar 1686 in AA Co. gives 250 acres of Cheney's Rest on South River to eldest son Richard, Resolution to sons Charles and Thomas when they turn 16 years, mentions daughters Mary, Eliza, and Ann and unnamed wife. Inventory recorded 16 Aug 1688 [MD Wills, Book IV, p.311]. Administration of will named wife Elinor who later married James Pindle. Richard probably married her 1669 but certainly before 1672. pg.114-118. 792. CHANEY, Richard b. c1649 South River Hundred, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland buried December 6, 1704 All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 1584. CHANEY, Richard d. 1685 South River Hundred, Anne Arundel Co., Maryland 1585. ?, Charity CHEYNEY,
Richard Chaney was born 1625 Middlesex, London England migrated to America in 1649 died 3-16-1685 AA Co Md. married #1 Mary Charity Wood b. 1625 england. d. late 1660's #2 Elinor Pindell b. 1650 married 1669 was willed 10 acres of chaneys resolution by Richard if she did not marry, if she did was to revert to sons Charles and Thomas. Richard's father was Richard (II) b. 1595 Middlesex London England died 1633 London married anne Ellinor St Marys church daughter of bartholemew Ellinor and Alice Effermont. his father was Richard Cheney b. 1565 London, died 1625 London, married Elizabeth Offley at St Marys parish London, dau. of Richard Offley. sources state he married Alice Offley first then sister Elizabeth Offley. two children are listed. William b. 1592 St Marys, Richard Chaney b. 1595 St Marys "(Woolwich St. Mary Magdelene1669 near Plumstead; Eltham; Charlton.)
According to Skordas. The Early Settlers of Maryland, a Richard Cheny was transported in 1674 (Liber 18 Folio 176). This book also shows a John Cheny transported 1658-63 (Liber 6 Folio 63) and a Matthew Chanee transported in 1675 (Liber 15, Folio 322). This book was compiled from patent records and the originals (or surviving copies thereof are in the Hall of Records in Annapolis.
(1999 ) article Baltimore paper where excavated site 'Richard Cheyney's home' - found pottery, pipes, Indian beads.
A record (which will be given in full, infra), in the Hall of Records, Annapolis, shows that Richard Cheyney and Charity, his wife, arrived in Maryland by 1658, and without children. They were allowed 50 acres each, for their own transportation in to the province. It is evident, therefore, that they came after 1651, since for a period up until June 20, 1652 [Maryland Archives, vol 1, p. 332), persons were allowed 100 acres each for settling in Maryland. One is puzzled, however, by the deposition of their daughter Elizabeth (Cheney) Iiams, who stated in 1775, that she was then 74 years of age, thus b. C1651, and presumably in Maryland, since so far as we know, there is no record showing that she was transported to the province. If she was born in the province in 1651, why then did her parents wait 6 or 7 years to claim the land that was due them for their own transportation? "While we have never heard such a theory expressed, it is my definite feeling that Richard and Charity Cheyney, Sr. came to Maryland from Virginia. They chose Anne Arundel Co. as their new home, and this area was principally settled by Virginians. Also, Richard seems to have been on expecially friendly terms with William Burgess and William Cock(s), who drew up and witnesed his will. William Burgess was definitely from Virginia, and it seems very likely that William Cock was also. In addition, one Richard Cocke, of Henrico Co., in Virginia transported into that colony before Mar 6, 1636 (among others) one Robert Cheyny [Nugest, op. cit., p. 54]. And, there were other Cheneys in Virginia, as well as a few later ones in Maryland."
Richard Cheyney found in: Passenger and Immigration Index, 1500s-1900s Place: Maryland Year: 1658 Primary immigrant: Cheyney, Richard Permanent entry number: 1748198 Source publication code: 8510 Source publication page number: 88 Source publication: SKORDAS, GUST, editor. The Early Settlers of Maryland: an Index to Names of Immigrants, Compiled from Records of Land Patents, 1633-1680, in the Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968. 525p. Repr. 1986. Source annotation: Index from manuscript by Arthur Trader, Chief Clerk in the Maryland Land Commission, 1917. And see nos. 4507-4511, Land Notes.
More About Richard Cheyney: Burial: All Hallows Parish, Anne Arundel County, MD.
More About Richard Cheyney and Charity Wood: Marriage: 1645, Kent , England.
More About Richard Cheyney and Anne Ellinor: Marriage: Bet. 1669 - 1672, South River, Anne Arundel, MD.