Thomas Bull was born 160538, and died October 12, 1684 in Hartford, Ct38. He married Suzannah on 1643.
Notes for Thomas Bull: Notes for Thomas Bull: !Pequot War died ae 78; will dated 20 Aug l684,inventoried 24 Oct l684 Founders of Saybrook Colony, 1685; sailed from London, Englandfor American on in command under Capt. John Mason. In a battle at the fort on 24 May 1637, Lt. Bull's life was saved by a piece of hard cheese in his pocket which deflected an arrow. In 1639 he was a proprietor of Hartford, and is numbered among the first settlers there. As a reward for his military service he was granted land in Niantic on 2 Mar 1651/2. In 1660 he was given additional land on the "west side of Nahantick Bay." Capt. Bull is credited with defeating an attempt on the The following biography (edited) of Captain Thomas Bull was prepared by Mary Louise B. Todd of Winter Park, Orange County, Florida:
Thomas Bull sailed from Sandwich, England, on the "Hopewell," Captain Babb commanding, on September 11, 1635. Thomas Bull, aged 25, was included among those to be transported to New England in Captain Babb's ship "p. Cert. from the Ministers C Justices of their conformitee in Religion to our Church of England and yt they are no Subsedy men. They have taken ye oath of Alleg: and Suprem:" His name appears in the middle of a family group of Millers and Heaths from Hertfordshire near Bishops Stortford.
Thomas Bull's exact date and place of birth are uncertain. The above record would indicate that he was born in 1610. However, Spencer Miller demonstrated some years ago that the ages on this ship's list are inaccurate in various instances. In April 1681, Thomas Bull testified that he was then aged about 75 which suggests that he was born in 1606. Data compiled around 1849 by William S. Porter of Hartford for Elizabeth Bull of Woodbury gave his date of birth as 1606. Records in the possession of one branch of the family, source unknown, state that he was born June 10, 1605.
There is also some confusion about his place of birth, which is sometimes given as Southwark in London and sometimes as Bishops Stortford in Hertfordshire or across the river Stort in Manuden parish of Essex County.
In any case, Thomas Bull landed in the Massachusetts Colony in 1635 and remained either in Boston or Cambridge until the following spring when he was enrolled in a company of volunteers sent to aid the new settlement in Connecticut. "On Tuesday, May 31, the company of 35 men with twice as many wives, children, servants, started on its pilgrimage along the Indian Path (to Hartford). Hooker carried letters to the younger Winthrop from his father the governor, who took advantage of the opportunity to send also, in charge of Lt. Thos. Bull of the company, assisted by one of Winthrop's servants, six cows, four steers and a bull, which were to be delivered to his son at Saybrook." Lieutenant Bull was later described by Winthrop as "a godly and discreet man."
Thomas Bull received Lot 32 in the Hartford grant, on the south side of Little River and on the south side of old Buckingham Street, between Main and Bliss. In 1640, his homelot was described as being on the south side of the road from George Steele's to the South Meadow, bounded on the north by that road, on the east by Richard Lyman's land, on the south by Stephen Post, and on the west by Philip David or Ward's lot.
In Volume I of the Colonial Records of Connecticut, we find that Thomas Bull served under Captain John Mason in the Pequot War in 1637. The Pequots, after invading the Connecticut River valley, passed southeastward toward the Thames River and the present boundary of Rhode Island, through several Indian tribes who occupied this land. The war lasted three weeks and was not an easy one for the new settlers. The soldiers under Captain John Mason, Captain John Underhill and Lieutenant Robert Seely attacked and burned the Pequot fort at Mystic and then pursued the survivors. The Pequot tribe was destroyed. According to Captain Masons report, Arthur Smith was wounded in firing the fort so that he was unable to move out but "was happily espied by Lt. Bull and by him rescued." Another story is that Thomas Bull had an arrow shot into a hard piece of cheese in his pocket, which "may verify the old saying: a little armor would serve, if a man knew where to place it." It was Thomas Bull who found the gun marked I. W. belonging to the murdered John Wood.
Land was granted to five of Captain Mason's companions for their service against the Pequods. The land originally granted in 1642 was described as 500 acres in the Pequot country, apparently meaning the vicinity of Pequot Harbor. This was later set as land north of Black Point on Nahantick Bay. The grant being neglected and the land otherwise occupied, the General Court in 1650 transferred the soldiers' grant to Niantecutt, lying at Sargent's Head. As laid out this included a tract secured to Indians under Chief Obed. This 100 acres of Obed's land on the south was exchanged for 200 acres to the north. The Indians sold their 100 acres to the proprietors of the grant March 9, 1691/1692. A few days later, Joseph and Jonathan Bull, who were apparently sole proprietors sold the entire 700 acres to Nehemiah Smith of New London. In his will in 1684, Thomas Bull had called this property the "Great Swamp land I received from the Country."
In 1639, the name of Thomas Bull was included among the "Proprietors of the undivided lands of the Town of Hartford."' His name appeared frequently in the early land records in partnership with Edward Stebbing. In 1647/1648 he was master of a vessel at Curacoa. The next year he was a deputy to the General Court. In the following year he was confirmed as lieutenant. He served on jury duty a number of times in the 1650's. In 1655, there was an action in Particular Court with Margaret Smith against Thomas Rowell for nonpayment of rent for which Thomas Bull received 18 pounds and costs, to be satisfied from Rowell's estate, and actions against Zachary Field and William Edwards for debt. Thomas Bull acted as attorney in 1651 for John Friend of Salem against John Nott. Thomas Bull was a grand juror in 1662 in the indictment of Nicholas and Margaret Jennings of Saybrook for witchcraft. In 1663, he was a ratemaker. On January 18 1664, Lieutenant Thomas Bull and Deacon Edward Stebbins "doe engage themselves to pay to Hartford the sum of 400 pounds out of Mr. Hopkins estate for promoting learning according to the will of Mr. Hopkins."
On May 21, 1653, Thomas Bull was named as lieutenant of a company raised to fight the Dutch. On August 14, 1673, he was appointed captain of the Hartford County company and was in command of the fort at Saybrook in July of 1675. Major Sir Edmund Andross had been sent to enforce the orders of the Duke of York for the surrender of Saybrook as one of t part of Major Edmund Andross to take possession of the Fort in 1675. CD 100, UA Record #49-175 gives date and place of birth but gives daughter Sarah b. 1612, who m. Thomas Bunce and Joseph Bull, who was b. 1655, Hartford as children. Something must be wrong on this with 43 years between children. UA Record #75-055 gives birth as 1610, with son Dea. Thomas b. 1646, Hartford and gives marriage date to Esther Cowles as 19 Apr 1669. UA Record #88-931 also gives sarah and Joseph as children. English Origins of NE Families, series 2, vol 1, p. 358ff; the most likely possibility for this Thomas' parents was a William Bull to m. 25 Jun 1605, Jone Allyn of Manuden, Tailor, who had a Thomas bp. 20 Sep 1607 in Manuden, Essex, England. Nothing is certain of his parentage, however, however since a Thomas Bull d. 1627 in Bishops Stortford. There is also no proof that the Thomas Bull who m. Mary Harlow in 1627/8, is the same Thomas Bull who emigrated in 1635. Thomas Bull of Hartford seems to have emigrated as a single man; his marriage to Susannah was recorded in 1643, so it would be necessary to suppose that his wife Mary (Harlow) died before that year and that their son Thomas also died, for Thomas Bull of Hartford named his first son, b. 1646, Thomas. WFT6, ped #4111 says that his parents were William & Jone (Allyn) Bull.
More About Thomas Bull: Occupation: Deacon, Lt ID: I30913 Name: CAPT THOMAS BULL 1 Sex: M Birth: 1605 1 Death: 12 OCT 1684 in HARTFORD, CONN 1 Christening: came 1635 on "Hopewell;" accomp Hooker to Hartford, on Founders Monument; 1 Burial: in Pequot War 1637; Capt of Hartford Co in defense of Saybrook; 1 Baptism: Master of vessel at Curocoa 1647; see notes; 1 Note: [ludden1.FTW]
Barbour, Lucius Barnes. Families of Early Hartford, CT. 1982, p. 96. Name on Founders Monument. Early member 1st Ch. Separated to 2nd Ch. Original member 12 Feb 1670. Embarked for NE in the "Hopewell" 11 Sept 1635. Was one of the early settlers at Hartford. Was first at Boston or Cambridge: accompanied Hooker to Hartford in 1636; served in the Pequot War 1637 and capt. of Hartford company in defense of Saybrook 1675; dep. Gen. Ct 1648-9. He became familiar with the Indian habits and language and was therefore peculiarly useful to the early settlers. He was an original proprietor and in 1640 his home lot was on the south side of the road from George Steele's to the South Meadow, his lot being bounded N by that road; E by Richard Lyman land; S by Stephen Post; W by Philip Davis or Ward's lot. He was master of a vessel at Curocoa 1647-8; juror Hfd 1648-9; Winthrop calls him "a godly and discreet man." He was in command of the fort at Saybrook when Sir Edmund Andros attempted to gain the place for his master, the Duke of York, in 1675. The bravery and wisdom which he displayed in his resistance to Andros greatly endeared Capt. Bull to the people of the Colony as a gallant & intrepid officer.
Manwaring, I, p. 281. Will of Capt. Thomas Bull of Hartford dated 19 Apr 1684. "I Thomas Bull of Hartford, being weake in body Butt in good measure of health and memory, doe make this my last Will and testament: Impr. My will is that all my Just Debts be payd to whom I am Indebted. It. I give unto my son Thomas Bull of ffarmington That lott att ffower-mile Hill in Hartford Bounds, yt about one Hundred Acres; also I give my sayd son ffifteen pounds of my personal Estate and Two Cows. Itt. I give unto my son David Bull of Saybrook all That I bought of good Wife Towsland in houseing and Land in Saybrook; And I give unto my said son David L20 out of my personal Estate, and also two of my best Coats for his use. Itt. I give unto my daughter Ruth Boardman of Cambridge L10, to be paid in 18 Months after my decease. Itt. I give unto my Daughter Bunts in Hartford L10, to be paid in 18 months after my decease. It. I give unto my Grand Childe Susannah Bunts L5. Itt. I give unto my daughter Abigail Bull L90 Besides what she hath Received already, to be paid wthin 18 Months after my Decease, of wch sum I doe Appoint my son Joseph Bull to pay L40 out of the best of my household Goods, and I doe apoynt my son Jonathan Bull to pay L50 out of what he shall receive out of my Real and personal Estate, both wch sums to be payd In 18 months after my decease. I give unto my son Jonathan Bull Two Acres of my six Acar Lott In the South Meadow In Hartford, and likewise I give him 3 Acars of Meadow out of that 8 Acars that was Capt. Cullett's, Abutting on Goodman Stocking's Lott by the great River's side; alsoe I give him My Two Acar lott Lying by the Indian ffort by the great River's side. Alsoe I doe give my sayd son Jonathan 7 Acars of my land that I bought of Mr. Hopkins Lying next Mr. Hooker's Land; Also I give him 3 Acars of Meadow at Hockanum that I bought of Mr. Robert Webster, and I give him that Acar of Land that is over against my now Dwelling house that I bought of Thomas Whaples, Deceased; also I give him half that Lott yt I bought of Capt. Cullett of 14 Acars, Abutting on the Land of Steeven Hopkins and Land of Eliezer Way of Hartford: also I give him my Lott and House that I bought of William Warren neare the New Meeting hous In Hartford: also I give him my 18 Acar Lott lying at Rocky Hill, Abutting on the Land of Steven Hopkins; also I doe give unto my son Jonathan Bull the one half of my Land at Nahantick, with half the houseing privileges and apertenances; also I doe give unto my son Jonathan half my Land at Cedar Swamp that I Receved of the Country. And if the lord shall pleas to take my son Jonathan out of this Life before he hath A son, then my will is that All the land he hath Redeived of me, excepting what is Recorded to him before my death, shall Return to my then surviving Children, to be devided equally amongst them. Itt. I give unto all my Grand children L20, to be divided equally amonst them. Itt. I give unto Mr. John Whiting L3, and desire him to be Overseer of this my will. Itt. I give the Rest of my Estate, both Real and personall, unto my son Joseph Bull, whom I doe Appoynt to be sole Executor of this my Last Will and Testament. And alsoe that my son Joseph doe lett my Daughter Abigail have the use of the Chamber she now Ledgeth In so long as she shall see cause. It witness of the premisses I have heare unto sett my hand this 20 Aug 1684." Witness Eliezer Way, Sarah Way. A Codicil made about 2 days before the death of Capt. Bull: In consideration that his daughter Bunce had deceased, he gave the L10 devised to her to her daughter Susanna Bunce." 25 Nov 1684.
Memorial History of Hartford, County, VI, p. 231 testimony given April 1681 that he was aged about 75. First at Boston or Cambridge; accompanied Hooker to Hartford in 1636; served in the Pequot Ward, 1637.
The following essay is Major John Mason's description of the expedition to the Pequot fort and the subsequent Puritan attack, which led to the destruction of the Pequot Tribe. Lieutenant Thomas Bull was a participant in this expedition and attack. The essay was taken from: Mason, Major John (1890), "The Taking of the Fort at Mystic: A Brief History of the Pequot War" in (Stedman, Edmund Clarence, and Ellen MacKay Hutchinson, eds.) A Library of American Literature from the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time: Volume I. New York, New York: Charles L. Webster and Company. pp. 180-184. OUR council, all of them except the captain, were at a stand, and could not judge it meet to sail to Narragansett: and indeed there was a very strong ground for it, our commission limiting us to land our men in Pequot River; we had also the same order by a letter of instruction sent us to Saybrook.
But Captain Mason apprehending an exceeding great hazard in so doing, for the reasons forementioned, as also some other which I shall forbear to trouble you with, did therefore earnestly desire Mr. Stone that he would commend our condition to the Lord, that night, to direct how and in what manner we should demean ourselves in that respect, he being our chaplain and lying aboard our pink, the captain on shore. In the morning very early Mr. Stone came ashore to the captain's chamber, and told him, he had done as he had desired, and was fully satisfied to sail for Narragansett. Our council was then called, and the several reasons alleged. In fine, we all agreed with one accord to sail for Narragansett, which the next morning we put in execution.
I declare not this to encourage any soldiers to act beyond their commission, or contrary to it; for in so doing they run a double hazard. There was a great commander in Belgia who did the states great service in taking a city; but by going beyond his commission lost his life. His name was Grubbendunk. But if a war be managed duly by judgment and discretion as is requisite, the shows are many times contrary to what they seem to pursue. Whereof the more an enterprise is dissembled and kept secret, the more facile to put in execution; as the proverb, " The farthest way about is sometimes the nearest way home." I shall make bold to present this as my present thoughts in this case: In matters of war, those who are both able and faithful should be improved; and then bind them not up into too narrow a compass. For it is not possible for the wisest and ablest senator to foresee all accidents and occurrences that fall out in the management and pursuit of a war; nay, although possibly he might be trained up in military affairs; and truly much less can he have any great knowledge who hath had but little experience therein. What shall I say? God led his people through many difficulties and turnings; yet by more than an ordinary hand of providence he brought them to Canaan at last.
On Friday morning we set sail for Narragansett Bay, and on Saturday toward evening we arrived at our desired port, there we kept the Sabbath.
On the Monday the wind blew so hard at north-west that we could not go on shore; as also on the Tuesday until sunset; at which time Captain Mason landed and marched up to the place of the chief sachem's residence; who told the sachem, "That we had not an opportunity to acquaint him with our coming armed in his country sooner; yet not doubting but it would be well accepted by him, there being love betwixt himself and us; well knowing also that the Pequots and themselves were enemies, and that he could not be unacquainted with thoseintolerable wrongs and injuries these Pequots had lately done unto the English; and that we were now come, God assisting, to avenge ourselves upon them; and that we did only desire free passage through his country." Who returned us this answer, "That he did accept of our coming, and did also approve of our design; only he thought our numbers were too weak to deal with the enemy, who were (as he said) very great captains and men skilful in war." Thus he spake somewhat slighting of us.
On the Wednesday morning, we marched from thence to a place called Nayanticke, it being about eighteen or twenty miles distant, where another of those Narragansett sachems lived in a fort; it being a frontier to the Pequots. They carried very proudly towards us; not permitting any of us to come into their fort.
We beholding their carriage and the falsehood of Indians, and fearing lest they might discover us to the enemy, especially they having many times some of their near relations among their greatest foes; we therefore caused a strong guard to be set about their fort, giving charge that no Indian should be suffered to pass in or out. We also informed the Indians, that none of them should stir out of the fort upon peril of their lives: so as they would not suffer any of us to come into their fort, so we would not suffer any of them to go out of the fort.
There we quartered that night, the Indians not offering to stir out all the while.
In the morning there came to us several of Miantomo's his men, who told us, they were come to assist us in our expedition, which encouraged divers Indians of that place to engage also; who suddenly gathering: into a ring, one by one, making solemn protestations how gallantly they would demean themselves, and how many men they would kill.
On the Thursday about eight of the clock in the morning, we marched thence towards Pequot, with about five hundred Indians; but through the heat of the weather and want of provisions some of our men fainted. And having marched about twelve miles, we came to Pawcatuck River, at a ford where our Indians told us the Pequots did usually fish; there making a halt, we stayed some small time, the Narragansett Indians manifesting great fear, insomuch that many of them returned, although they had frequently despised us, saying that we durst not look upon a Pequot, but themselves would perform great things; though we had often told them that we came on purpose and were resolved, God assisting, to see the Pequots, and to fight with them, before we returned, though we perished. I then enquired of Onkos, what he thought the Indians would do?
Who said, The Narragansetts would all leave us, but as for himself he would never leave us: and so it proved. For which expressions and some other speeches of his, I shall never forget him. Indeed he was a great friend, and did great service.
And after we had refreshed ourselves with our mean commons, we marched about three miles, and came to a field which had lately been planted with Indian corn. There we made another halt, and called our council, supposing we drew near to the enemy: and being informed by the Indians that the enemy had two forts almost impregnable; but we were not at all discouraged, but rather animated, insomuch that we were resolved to assault both their forts at once. But understanding that one of them was so remote that we could not come up with it before midnight, though we marched hard; whereat we were much grieved, chiefly because the greatest and bloodiest sachem there resided, whose name was Sassacous; we were then constrained, being exceedingly spent in our march with extreme heat and want of necessaries, to accept of the nearest.
We then marching on in a silent manner, the Indians that remained fell all into the rear, who formerly kept the van (being possessed with great fear); we continued our march till about one hour in the night: and coming to a little swamp between two hills, there we pitched our little camp; much wearied with hard travel, keeping great silence, supposing we were very near the fort; as our Indians informed us; which proved otherwise. The rocks were our pillows; yet rest was pleasant. The night proved comfortable, being clear and moonlight. We appointed our guards and placed our sentinels at some distance; who heard the enemy singing at the fort, who continued that strain until midnight, with great insulting and rejoicing, as we were afterwards informed. They seeing our pinnacles sail by them some days before, concluded we were afraid of them and durst not come near them; the burden of their song tending to that purpose.
In the morning, we awaking and seeing it very light, supposing it had been day, and so we might have lost our opportunity, having purposed to make our assault before day, roused the men with all expedition, and briefly commended ourselves and design to God, thinking immediately to go to the assault; the Indians showing us a path, told us that it led directly to the fort. We held on our march about two miles, wondering that we came not to the fort, and fearing we might be deluded. But seeing corn newly planted at the foot of a great hill, supposing the fort was not far off, a champaign country being round about us, then making a stand, gave the word for some of the Indians to come up. At length Onkos and one Wequash appeared. We demanded of them, Where was the fort? They answered, On the top of that hill. Then we demanded, Where were the rest of the Indians? They answered, Behind, exceedingly afraid. We wished them to tell the rest of their fellows, That they should by no means fly, but stand at what distance they pleased, and see whether Englishmen would now fight or not. Then Captain Underhill came up, who marched in the rear; and commending ourselves to God, divided our men, there being two entrances into the fort, intending to enter both at once; Captain Mason leading up to that on the north-east side, who approaching within one rod, heard a dog bark and an Indian crying "Owanux! Owanux!" which is "Englishmen! Englishmen! " We called up our forces with all expedition, gave fire upon them through the palisado; the Indians being in a dead, indeed their last sleep. Then we wheeling of fell upon the main entrance, which was blocked up with bushes about breast high, over which the captain passed, intending to make good the entrance, encouraging the rest to follow. Lieutenant Seeley endeavored to enter; but being somewhat cumbered, stepped back and pulled out the bushes and so entered, and with him about sixteen men. We had formerly concluded to destroy them by the sword and save the plunder.
Whereupon Captain Mason seeing no Indians, entered a wigwam; where he was beset with many Indians, waiting all opportunities to lay hands on him, but could not prevail. At length William Heydon espying the breach in the wigwam, supposing some English might be there, entered; but in his entrance fell over a dead Indian; but speedily recovering himself, the Indians some fled, others crept under their beds. The captain going out of the wigwam saw many Indians in the lane or street; he making towards them, they fled, were pursued to the end of the lane, where they were met by Edward Pattison, Thomas Barber, with some others; where seven of them were slain, as they said. The captain facing about, marched a slow pace up the lane he came down, perceiving himself very much out of breath; and coming to the other end near the place where he first entered, saw two soldiers standing close to the palisado with their swords pointed to the ground. The captain told them that we should never kill them after that manner. The captain also said, We must burn them; and immediately stepping into the wigwam where he had been before, brought out a fire-brand, and putting it into the mats with which they were covered, set the wigwams on fire. Lieutenant Thomas Bull and Nicholas Omsted beholding, came up; and when it was thoroughly kindled, the Indians ran as men most dreadfully amazed.
And indeed such a dreadful terror did the Almighty let fall upon their spirits, that they would fly from us and run into the very flames, where many of them perished. And when the fort was thoroughly fired, command was given, that all should fall of and surround the fort; which was readily attended by all; only one Arthur Smith being so wounded that he could not move out of the place, who was happily espied by Lieutenant bull, and by him rescued.
The fire was kindled on the north-east side to windward; which did swiftly overrun the fort, to the extreme amazement of the enemy, and great rejoicing of ourselves. Some of them climbing to the top of the palisado; others of them running into the very flames; many of them gathering to windward, lay pelting at us with their arrows; and we repaid them with our small shot. Others of the stoutest issued forth, as we did guess, to the number of forty, who perished by the sword.
What I have formerly said, is according to my own knowledge, there being sufficient living testimony to every particular.
But in reference to Captain Underhill and his parties acting in this assault, I can only intimate as we were informed by some of themselves immediately after the fight. Thus they marching up to the entrance on the south-west side, there made some pause; a valiant, resolute gentleman, one Mr. Hedge, stepping towards the gate, saying, "If we may not enter, wherefore came we here?" and immediately endeavored to enter; but was opposed by a sturdy Indian which did impede his entrance; but the Indian being slain by himself and Sergeant Davis, Mr. Hedge entered the fort with some others; but the fort being on fire, the smoke and flames were so violent that they were constrained to desert the fort.
Thus were they now at their wits' end, who not many hours before exalted themselves in their great pride, threatening and resolving the utter ruin and destruction of all the English, exulting and rejoicing with songs and dances. But God was above them, who laughed his enemies and the enemies of his people to scorn, making them as a fiery oven. Thus were the stout-hearted spoiled, having slept their last sleep, and none of their men could find their hands. Thus did the Lord judge among the heathen, filling the place with dead bodies!
And here we may see the just judgment of God, in sending even the very night before this assault, one hundred and fifty men from their other fort, to join with them of that place, who were designed as some of themselves reported to go forth against the English, at that very instant when this heavy stroke came upon them, where they perished with their fellows. So that the mischief they intended to us, came upon their own pate. They were taken in their own snare, and we through mercy escaped. And thus in little more than one hour's space was their impregnable fort with themselves utterly destroyed, to the number of six or seven hundred, as some of themselves confessed. There were only seven taken captive, and about seven escaped.
Of the English, there were two slain outright, and about twenty wounded. Some fainted by reason of the sharpness of the weather, it being a cool morning, and the want of such comforts and necessaries as were needful in such a case; especially our chirurgeon was much wanting, whom we left with our barks in Narragansett Bay, who had order there to remain until the night before our intended assault.
And thereupon grew many difficulties: Our provision and munition near spent; we in the enemy's country, who did far exceed us in number, being much enraged; all our Indians, except Onkos, deserting us; our pinnacles at a great distance from us, and when they would come we were uncertain.
But as we were consulting what course to take, it pleased God to discover our vessels to us before a fair gale of wind, sailing into Pequot harbor, to our great rejoicing.
More About Thomas Bull and Suzannah: Marriage: 1643
Children of Thomas Bull and Suzannah are:
+Joseph Bull, b. Abt. 1651, Hartford, Ct39, d. March 22, 1712, Hartford, Ct40.