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Ancestors of Joseph Davis Cornwell III


Generation No. 6


      32. Elijah Cornwell, born 1760 in Dinwiddie Co, VA64; died 14 Nov, 1827 in Mechanicsville, Jasper Co, GA65. He was the son of 64. Obediah Cornwell and 65. Hannah Davis. He married 33. Catherine Cavender Abt. 1783 in Dinwiddie Co, VA.

      33. Catherine Cavender, born 16 Jun, 1764 in Westmoreland, Co, VA; died 19 Jul, 1853 in Jasper Co, GA65. She was the daughter of 66. Ezekiel Cavender and 67. Elizabeth Stallard.

Notes for Elijah Cornwell:
Elijah Cornwell was a farmer, large land owner, a soldier in the American Revolution and fought in General Greene's army. He was granted a tract of land near Mechanicsville, Jasper Co, GA for services in the war. He died there on 16 November 1927. He was originally from South Carolina. (Joseph Davis Cornwell, Sr)

JDC Sr also states Elijah's wife was Catherine Cavanaugh, not Catherine Cavender as the History of Jasper Co record has it . The DAR also records Elijah's wife as Catherine Cavanaugh. Cavanaugh is a common and accepted variant of Cavender. (JDC III)

Elijah Cornwell, the first member of the family to reside in this area, came to what is now Jasper Co. in the fall of 1797. He came from Dinwiddie Co. VA where he married Catherine Cavender in 1783. They first moved to NC where their first five children were born. From Rowan Co NC the family moved to Pendleton District SC and from there to Jackson Co, GA in 1802 -- then to Jasper Co where he purchased land along the Alcovy River that is now a part of the Turtle Cove Development. The family lived on and farmed this land until Catherine's death. Both Elijah Cornwell (1760-1827) and Catherine Cavender (1764-1853) are buried at the Old Cornwell Cemetery. To them were born 10 children: Elizabeth b. 1784 NC, Sarah b. 1786 NC, Nancy b. 1788 NC, Eli b. 1790 NC, Elijah Jr b. 1794 NC, Catherine b. ca. 1796 SC, Triphena (Bethinis-Thenia) b. 1798 SC, Hiram b. 1804 Jackson Co GA., Obadiah Cornwell, and George Washington Washington Cornwell (b. 1808 in Jasper Co, GA)
(The History of Jasper Co, GA)

1840 GA census, Jasper County, microfilm page 83. Four Cornwell brothers and their families are all found on this census page. Elijah is over 40 and under 50 years of age. He has two male children, 1 over 5 and under 10, the other over 10 and under 15. His wife is over 30 and under 40. They have 3 daughters, one is under 5, one is over 10 and under 15, and over 15 and under 20. He has no slaves.

1850 GA census, Jasper County, Dwelling 592, Family 592. Elijah Cornwell, age 56, and Elizabeth, age 50, have 6 children in the home. Elijah is 22, Elizabeth is 20, George is 17, Louisa is 14, Emiline is 12, and Hugh is 8. Two of Elijah's brothers, Obediah and George W. live in nearby dwellings 593 and 594 with their families.

1860 GA census, Jasper County, Monticello Post Office, Dwelling 99, Family 99, microfilm page 247, line 40. Elijah Cornwell, age 65, has a household of 4. Elizabeth Cornwell is 28, Hugh M. is 16, Mary T. is 7, and Franklin P. is 4. Elizabeth may be his daugther, born about 1830, or may be his second wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Mathews. Mary T. and Franklin P. are probably children of the second marriage. Living in nearby dwelling 100 is George W. Cornwell and his family.

1870 GA census, Jasper County, Newton Factory Post Office, Dwelling 1903, Family 1854, line 24. Elijah Cornwell, age 66, lives alone. Elizabeth Cornwell, age 32, and Mary, age 14, live in nearby dwelling 1904. Elijah's brother, Obediah, and his family live in nearby dwelling 1906. F. P. Cornwell, age 15, is working on the farm of Hugh Martin, a neighbor.
(Rollie Taylor Research Material)


  Notes for Catherine Cavender:
Research material from Delores Allen, 10800 West 4th Street, Island City, La Grands, Oregon 97850 reported in Cavenders (and Relatives), J. T. Cavender, (Treatise on the Cavender Family)
     
Children of Elijah Cornwell and Catherine Cavender are:
  i.   Elizabeth Cornwell, born 1784 in Rowan, NC; died in De Kalb Co, GA; married Absolom Steward Abt. 1806.
  Notes for Elizabeth Cornwell:
Census Notes:
1840 GA census, DeKalb County, Microfilm page 29. The composition
of the household of Absolom Steward is 1 male over 60 and under 70
(Absolom) and 1 female over 50 and under 60 (Elizabeth).
1850 GA census, DeKalb County, Microfilm page 92, line 7, dwelling
53, family 53. Absolom Steward, age 74, and Elizabeth, age 66, have a
16 year old, William Cole, in the household. The relationship, if any, is
unknown. (Rollie Taylor)


  More About Elizabeth Cornwell:
Fact 1: Buried Diamond Cemetery, DeKalb Co, GA66

  More About Absolom Steward:
Fact 1: Buried Diamond Cemetery, DeKalb Co, GA66

  ii.   Sarah Cornwell, born 1786 in Rowan Co, NC; married George Ramsey 25 Dec, 1809 in Jasper Co, GA.
  More About George Ramsey:
Fact 1: Bef. 1830, Moved to Henry Co, GA

  iii.   Nancy Cornwell, born 5 Jan, 1788 in Wilkes Co, NC; died 25 May, 1869 in Henderson, Rusk Co, TX; married James B. Diamond Abt. 1812 in Jackson Co, GA.
  Notes for Nancy Cornwell:
Census Notes:
1850 GA census, DeKalb County, census page 162, Dwelling 46, Family
46. Nancy Diamond, age 62, , with her youngest son, G. W., age 15, is
found in the household of her daughter, Rebecca Marbut. (Rollie Taylor)


  More About James B. Diamond:
Fact 1: Buried Diamond Cemetery, Lithonia, DeKalb Co, GA66

  iv.   Eli Cornwell, born 8 Mar, 1790 in Rowan, NC; died 8 Oct, 1863 in Pontotoc Co, Mississippi; married (1) Drennen; married (2) Elinor Taylor 14 Nov, 1842.
  Notes for Eli Cornwell:
Census Notes:
1850 MS census, Pontotoc County, microfilm page 190, dwelling 1885.
Eli Cornwell, age 60, and Elinor, age 25, have 4 children in the household.
Rhoda is 7, Elvira is 5, George is 3, and Nathan is 1 year old. His married
daughter, Martha Williams and her family live in nearby dwelling 1884.
1860 MS census, Pontotoc County, New Albany Post Office, dwelling
1535, family 1535. Eli Cornwell and Elinor have 4 children in the home.
Elvira H. is 14, George W. is 12, Miles is 9, and C. D. is 2. The Silas
Williams family lives nearby in dwelling 1527. (Rollie Taylor)


  More About Eli Cornwell:
Fact 1: Buried Cornwell Cemetery, Tardyville, Union Co, MS66

  v.   Elijah Cornwell , Jr.66, born 1794 in Rowan, NC; married (1) Elizabeth Morris; married (2) Elizabeth Matthews.
  vi.   Catherine Cornwell, born 1796 in Pendleton District, SC; died 1844 in Troup Co, GA; married William Taylor WFT Est. 1824-1839.
  Notes for William Taylor:
Census Notes:
1820 GA census, Jasper county, GA, page 249. The household of Wm.
Taylor is reported as: males under 10 years of age (3), twenty-six and
under forty-five (1), females under 10 (3), and females of twenty-six
and under forty-five (1). Wm. Taylor reports no slaves. His
father-in-law, E. (Elijah) Cornwell Sr. and his brother-in-law, E. (Elijah)
Cornwell Jr. are found on the same census page.
1830 GA census, Henry county, GA . The household of William Taylor
is reported as: males under five years of age (2),five and under ten (2),
ten and under fifteen (2), fifteen and under twenty (1), and forty and
under fifty (1). The females were reported as: under 5 years of age (1),
and thirty and under forty (1). William Taylor reports 3 female slaves, 2
of ten and under twenty-four, and 1 of thirty six and under fifty-five.
His brother-in-law, George Ramsey, is found on the following line of the
same census page.
1836 - In the Georgia Archives, there is a proclamation issued by
Governor Schley, of the State of Georgia, on 15 April 1836 at
Milledgeville, offering a reward for the capture and return of a William
and Catherine Taylor of Troup County, GA, as quoted below:
"A Proclamation -
Georgia
By William Schley, Governor of Georgia
Whereas I have received official information that on the 15th of March
1836, in the County of Troup in this State, a murder was committed by
William Taylor and Catharine Taylor, his wife, on the body of a negro
woman named Caty, the property of the said William Taylor; and the said
William Taylor and Catharine Taylor having fled from justice, I have
thought proper to issue this my proclamation, hereby offering a reward
of three hundred dollars to any person or persons who may apprehend and
deliver the said fugitives to the Sheriff or Jailor of the County of Troup,
or one hundred and fifty dollars for either of them, so that they may be
brought to trial for the offence with which they stand charged.__
William Taylor is about fifty years of age five feet ten or eleven inches
high, spare made, with blue eyes and light hair, and fair complexion.
Catharine Taylor is a tall woman about forty years of age, black hair,
blue eyes, fair complexion & coarse voice.
Given under my hand and the great seal of state at the capitol in
Milledgeville, this fifteenth day of April One-thousand eight hundred and
thirty-six, and of the Independence of the United States of America, the
Sixtieth.
William Schley
By the Governor
Wm. A. Tennille
Secty of State"
1837. William and Catherine Taylor appeared as defendants before the
open court of Troup County, GA, on the 25th day of April 1837. Witnesses
called in the case included Tilman Taylor, Solomon Taylor, and Simpson
and Louisa Russell. Tilman testified that he lived at his father's house
from the first of 1836 until after the Negroes death. Simpson Russell
testified that he saw Taylor and his wife (William and Catherine Taylor)
at their brother-in-law's in DeKalb County. The brother-in-law was not
identified, but was one of Catherine's 4 brothers who were counted in
DeKalb County, GA in the 1840 census, Elijah Jr., George W., Hiram, or
Obediah.
1840 GA census, Troup county, 699th G. M. District, page 324, line 8.
There is no conclusive evidence, but strong circumstantial evidence
indicates that this William Taylor family is the same family as the 9
Taylor brothers found in Randolph County, AL, in later censuses. The
head count of this William Taylor family is shown below: males under
five years of age (1),five and under ten (1),ten and under fifteen (2),
fifteen and under twenty (2), twenty and under thirty (1), and fifty and
under sixty (1); females under 5 years of age (1), five and under ten (1),
twenty and under thirty (1), and forty and under 50 (1).
Two of the older sons of William Taylor, Tilmon and Solomon, were
married in Troup county in 1836 and 1838 respectively. The
proclamation cited above places the family in Troup county, and
identifies the wife of William Taylor as Catharine. The head of an
adjacent household is Elijah Anderson, who has 2 daughters of 5 and
under 10. Elijah Taylor, William's son, married Sarah Ann Anderson of
GA, born in 1829, and Elijah Anderson is quite possibly the father of
Sarah Ann Anderson.
1849 - pages from the Braxton Alpheus Taylor family Bible gives the
date of birth of William Taylor as about 1786, and his birth place as
Georgia. The same source gives his date of death as 1849 in Roanoke,
Randolph County, AL. His wife's name is given as Catharine Cornwell,
with a birthdate of 1796 in Georgia. Her date of death is given as 4 July
1844 in LaGrange, Troup County, Georgia. (Rollie Taylor)


  vii.   Triphena Cornwell, born 30 Mar, 1798 in Pendleton District, SC; died 10 Aug, 1873 in Pontotoc Co, MS; married John Henry 3 Jan, 1819.
  Notes for Triphena Cornwell:
Triphena (Bethena) Cornwell was born 30 March 1798 in Pendleton
District, South Carolina, the daughter of Elijah and Catherine Cavender
Cornwell. Her given name, as found in family records and letters, is
Bethena and/oralso Triphena, Thenie, and Thenia; family preference,
however, appears to have been for Triphena, which is inscribed on her
tombstone, and is the name of some of her grandchildren and great
grandchildren.

!Triphena Cornwell married John Henry, 3 Jan 1819, in Jasper County,
Georgia, and they lived in Gwinnett County, Georgia, in 1820. John Henry,
the 2nd of 12 children of William and Jane Russell Henry, was born 1 Oct
1792 in North Carolina. John & Triphena Cornwell Henry, William and
Jane Russell Henry, and other members of the Henry family resided in
Diamond's District of Eastern DeKalb County, Georgia, after it was
created in Dec 1822. Triphena Cornwell Henry died in Union County,
Mississippi, of cancer, 10 Aug 1873; John Henry died 3 July 1874; Martha
Olive Henry Hoyle had preceded her parents in death, 23 Mar 1869; George
Washington Henry died 12 Apr 1876; and Emeline Minor Henry died 26
Jan. 1878. They all are buried in a Family Cemetery (Henry-Hoyle)
located in the Liberty Community, Township 8, southeast of New Albany,
Mississippi.

!John and Triphena Cornwell Henry had 2 children: (1) George Washington,
born 23 Sept 1819, Georgia, and (2) Martha Olive, born 16 Apr 1821,
Georgia. (Rollie Taylor)


  Notes for John Henry:
Census Notes:
1820 GA census, Gwinnett Co, roll 8, p. 268. The household of John
Henry consists of 1 male under 10, 1 male of 10 and under 26, and 1
female of 16 and under 26.
1830 GA census, DeKalb Co, roll 17, p. 60. The household of John
Henry consists of 1 male of 10 and under 16, 1 male of 30 and under 40,
1 female of 5 and under 10, and 1 female of 30 and under 40.
1840 MS census, Pontotoc Co, roll 218, p. 153. The household of John
Henry consists of 1 male of 40 and under 50, 1 female of 40 and under
50, and 9 slaves.
1850 MS census, Pontotoc Co, roll 380, family 1187, p. 142. John
Henry, age 60, was born in NC and is a farmer. Bethania, age 48, was
born in GA. Amanda Henry, age 12, was born in AL.
1860. Not found in census.
1870 MS census, Pontotoc Co, roll 46, dwelling 427, family 427,
microfilm page 256. John Henry, age 77, is a farmer. He was born in NC,
and Tritheny, age 72, says she was born in SC. Their son, George Henry,
lives in nearby dwelling 426 with his family, and their grandaughter,
Texana Hoyle, lives in nearby dwelling 428 with her father.


  More About John Henry:
Fact 1: Bef. 1820, Moved to Gwinnett
Fact 2: Bef. 1850, Moved to Pontotoc Co, MS

  viii.   Hiram Cornwell, born 8 Mar, 1804 in Jackson Co, GA; married Mahala Wynne 28 Sep, 1826.
  Notes for Hiram Cornwell:
Census Notes:
1840 GA census, Jasper County, microfilm page 83. Four Cornwell
brothers and their families are all found on this census page. Hyram is
over 30 and under 40 years old. He has one son over 5 and under 10. His
wife is over 30 and under 40. The have 4 daughters, two are under 5
years of age, one is over 5 and under 10, and the oldest is over 10 and
under 15. Hyram has no slaves.
1850 GA census, DeKalb County, Microfilm page 95, Line 14, Dwelling
16, Family 16. Hiram Cornwell, age 46, and Mahala, age 43, have 4
daughters in the home. Jane is 21, Catherine is 18, Rebecca is 16, and
Mary A. is 13. Living nearby are 2 of his nephews, A. G. Steward in
dwelling 18, and Elijah Steward in dwelling 19 with their families.
(Rollie Taylor)

  ix.   Obadiah D. Cornwell, born 7 Sep, 1805 in Jackson Co, GA; died 15 Jun, 1873 in Jasper Co, GA; married Mary Ann Lane 1826.
  Notes for Obadiah D. Cornwell:
1840 GA census, Jasper County, microfilm page 83. Four Cornwell brothers and their families are all found on this census page. Obediah is over 30 and under 40 years old. He has 4 sons. Two are under 5 years old, and the other 2 are over 5 and under 10. His wife is over 20 and under 30. They have one daughter of 10 and under 15. Obediah has no slaves.

1850 GA census, Jasper County, Dwelling 594, Family 594, line 36. Obediah Cornwell, age 44, and Mary, age 42, have 7 children in the home. Eli is 16, William is 14, Joel is 12, Catharine is 9, Trithenia is 7, Adaline is 4, and Mary is 1. Also counted in the household is Obediah's mother-in-law, Rody Lane, age 75. Two of his brothers, George W. and Elijah Jr. live in nearby dwellings 592 and 593 with their families.

1860 GA census, Jasper County, Monticello Post Office, Dwelling 106, Family 107, microfilm page 248, line 34. Obediah Cornwell, age 55, and Pollay A., age 52, have 7 children and a grandchild in the household. Eli F. is 26, Wm. D. is 24, Catherine Belcher is 19, Thena A. is 17, C. A. is 13, Mary F. is 10, and Sarah R. is 8. The granddaughter, Margaret E., is 10 months old when the census was taken on 4 July 1860. Obediah's brother, George W., lives in nearby dwelling 105.

1870 GA census, Jasper County, Newton Factory Post Office, Dwelling
1906, Family 1857, line 32. Obediah Cornwell, age 64, and Mary A., age
62, have one daughter at home. Sarah is 18. His brother, Elijah, lives in
nearby dwelling 1903.
(Rollie Taylor Research Material)


  16 x.   George Washington Cornwell, born 8 Mar, 1808 in Mechanicsville, Jasper Co, GA; died 5 Jan, 1863 in Mechanicsville, Jasper Co, GA; married Eliza Dawkins Lane.


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