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Descendants of Thomas Carter

Generation No. 1

1. THOMAS1 CARTER was born Abt. 1610 in Hinderclay, Suffolk County, England, and died September 05, 1684 in Woburn, Massachusetts. He married MARY PARKHURST Bet. 1638 - 1639 in Watertown, Dedham, or Woburn, daughter of GEORGE PARKHURST and PHOEBE LEETE. She was born August 28, 1614 in Ipswich, Suffolk County, England, and died March 28, 1687 in Woburn, Massachusetts.

Notes for T
Rev. Thomas Carter. First pastor of The First Church of Woburn.

Place of birth has also been recorded as Winslow, England, 1609/1610. Some genealogies record his parents as William Carter and Judith Richardson. Some record his father as James Carter, who died October 1, 1625.

Notes from Frederick T. Carter's research about Thomas Carter (his resources not currently on-hand):

Reverend Thomas carter was born in Hinderclay, Suffold County, England about 1610. His father was James Carter (yeoman) of the same place. James died on October 1, 1625.

Rev. Thomas Carter graduated from St. John's College, Cambridge, England, in 1630. A classmate of his at St. John's was John Harvard, founder of Harvard College. In the history of Westminster it says Rev. Thomas was of studious tastes and quick to learn. He entered St. John's College on a scholarship from the town of his birth.

Rev. Thomas and his brother, John Carter, came to the colonies on the ship "Safety," which docked in Virginia on August 10, 1635.

From Virginia, where his brother remained, rev. Thomas moved to Dedham, massachusetts. He took the Freeman's Oath in Massachusetts on March 9, 1636/37. Sooner after, he became an elder in the church of Watertown.

On November 22, 1642, he was ordained First Minister of the newly organized town of Wooburne (Woburn) by two laymen. Placing their hands on his head, they said, "We ordain thee, Thomas Carter, to be pastor unto this Church of Christ." Johnson, in his "Wonder working providence," calls him "a reverend godly man, apt to teach the sound and wholesometruths of Christ." The parish of Woburn still gathers today as the First Congregational Church of Woburn.

Reverend Thomas Carter married Mary Prkhurst some time before 1640, probably in Watertown. Mary was baptized on August 28, 1614 at St. Margaret's Parish in Ipswich, Suffolk County, England. Her father was Geaorge parkhurst and her mother was Phoebe Leete. The Parhursts had nine childrenfour boys and five girls. Mary Parkhurst's grandfather was John Parhust, born 1560, her great-grandfather was born 1515, and her great2 - grandfather was george parkhurst, born 1480 in England.

Rev. Thomas carter served in the ministry until his death in 1684. His funeral expenses, paid by the town of Woburn, were 4 pounds 19s bd. of which 2 pounds 9s, or nearly half, was for 14 gallons of wine.

It is said the carters were a sturdy, industrious, sensible, kind-hearted, public, spirited, God-fearing set of people, and in these respects were not different from their contemporaries. Some special qualities may have been love of their kind, absence of wealth, fidelity in the marriage relations, and a cheerful recognition of the devine commandment "To multiply and replenish the earth."

Early records show the carters were prominent in all matters of public interest, such as the laying out of the roads, the division of land, the building of a meeting house (which was not only a church, but a town hall as well), and the establishment of schools.

Reverend Samuel Carter, Sr., eldest sone of Rev. Thomas Carter, was born in Woburn on August 8, 1640. He married Eunice Brooks in 1672, and they had nine children. He graduated from Harvard and resided for many years in Woburn, where he taught a grammar school and served th epublic in several town offices. On January 4, 1665, he was admitted an inhabitant and proprietor of the common lands by vote of the town of Woburn. Rev. samuel carter was a selectman of Woburn for the years 1679-81-82-83 and commissioner of rates, 1680, and town clerk, 1690.

In the annuls of Lancaster, there is a recorded deeddated April 30, 1688, from Henry Kerley, of Marlborough, to Samuel Carter. The sixth house lot and three quarters of the seventh house lot, in all thirty-five acres. Also, foury acres of land was granted to him. "Mr. Carter hath fouty acres of land laid out to him which is a proper gift of the town, lying at the east end of some of the second division land of john Farrahs, now in posssession of Thomas Swift, butting west on Swifts' land and easterly upon swampy low land, and southerly it is bounded upon second division land of William Kerley Sr. and northerly by common plain land." This land is on George Hill and was occupied by Reverend Samuel and his descendents for several generations.

Rev. Samuel Carter studied theology and sometimes preached in Lancaster btwenn 1681 and 1688. The call then extended to him to become Fourth Minister of Groton reads thus: "the maiger part of the town did by vote declare that they were willing for Mr. Carter to come forthwith to be our settled minister to order in due time, October 21, 1692.

At the same town meeting the town agreed "to give Reverend Samuel for the present year the sum of sixty pounds in manner as followeth: one fourth in money, the other part in corn and provisions at town prices, and the other halfby the sixteenth of September nextensuing after the date hereof October 21, 1692.

Reverend Samuel died a year later in the autumn of 1693.

Samuel Carter , Rev. Samuel's son, was born January 7, 1678 in Woburn. He married Dorothy Wilder, daughter of Nathaniel Wilder and Mary sawyer, in March of 1701. Samuel and Dorothy lived in Lancaster on th enorth side of the road that goes up George Hill, a little to the north of the school house on the land his father bought from Henry Kerley. They had thirteen children.

From th erecords of Lancaster, it is learned thatsamuel Carter was assigned to a garrison on George hill with his brother, John Carter, and his brothers-in-law Lieut. Nathaniel Wilder, Ephraim Wilder, and Thomas Ross. Samuel lost by an attack of the Indians on July 31, 1704, one cow, one horse, two calves, two swine, and one good dwelling house with two fires. He was a selectman in 1723 and served on various committees, such as the location of a highway.

In 1735, from Mr. Wilder's History of Leominster: "Tradition says that Samuel Carter of Lancaster owned four farms, and that he gave one to each of four sons. Nathaniel, being the eldest, had first choice. To be better satisfied which was the most valuable, he worked one week on th eBee Hill lot and one week on Uenekachetwarwak (Long Hill?) etc. One monday morning, his father said to him, 'Nat, which lot did you work on last week?' 'Bee Hill, Sir.' 'Well, that you go to this morning must be yours.' When Nathaniel came to the parting of the roads, he turned to Bee Hill, where he and three generations lived and died." Samuel's son, Jonathan, had the lot at north Leominster, Oliver and Josiah on Carter Hill, and his daughter Prudence and her husband, Steven Buss, the farm on Pleasant Street.

Oliver Carter was born in 1715 in Lancaster. He married Beulah Wilder in 1738, and they had eight children. They lived on the Carter Hill fam in Leominster, which Oliver worked with his brother, Josiah. Oliver and Beulah's home was one of the first eight built in that town.

On July 10, 1780, when Oliver was about 65 years of age, he enlisted in the company raised to reinforce the Continental Army. He served three months and thirteen days in Captain Timothy Boutell's company, Colonel John Rand's Worcester Company Regiment, and was discharged on October 12, 1780.

In 1754, Oliver donated the land known as Carter Parkfor a training field and perpetual common. Soldiers of the American Revolution marched from there. Oliver's son, Ephraim, born November 14, 1748 in Leominster, was also in the Continental Army. Ephraim married Joanna Wheelock in April 1770, and they had ten children. Ephraim was a highly respected citizen, and deacon of the First Church of Leominster for forty-two years.

A story was told to Frederick T. Carter, Jr. by his grandfather, George H. Carter, about th elarge number of Carters living in Leominster in the late 1800s. One September, a new teacher came to the one-room schoolhouse that George attended. The teacher asked each student to stand and tell their name. When the first two students both said the last name carter, he didn't think anything of it. But as each student, few exceptions, one after another aid "_ Carter," he became convinced that a practical joke was being played on him. There were about 30 children in that schoolhouse with the surname Carter. It took a while for the school teacher to believe this phenomenon. This story was also recounted in the 1884 book, Carter Family Reunion.

Note on parents; According to Burke's American Families With British Ancestry (Baltimore Genealogical Publishing Company, 1977), he was born in Winslow, England to William Carter and Judith Richardson.

Additional notes:

Pioneers in Massachusetts, page 90.
Carter, cont. ordained pastor, doing much to shape the character of the growing town. Wife: Mary; Ch: Samuel b. 8 (6) 1640, judith b. 15 (1) 1642, Theophilus b. 12(4) 1645, d. 19 (12) 1649, Mary b. 13 (3) 1648, [Mdx. Files.] Thomas, Timothy. He deeded lands to his children before his death; referred to this in nunc. will, prob. Sept. 4, 1684. Beq. library to his eldest son, Samuel; rest to be divided between his three sons and his daughter, Mary, after the death of his wife.

In Williston's book: "I, Thomas Carter of Suffolk, am admitted as a student of this college on the Spaulding Scholarship." (Founded by William Spaulding, yeoman, of Tainswarth, in Suffolk, who gave 60 pounds, and stipulated that the schalar must be chosen from Bury St. Edmunds Grammar School, which was founded by Edward VI in 1550.) Handwriting samples from St. John's records and from known work of Thomas Carter later in Massachusetts suggest the same hand wrote all.

St. John's College, Cambridge University, matriculated as sizar. April 1, 1626.
St. John's College, Cambridge, England. Bachelor of Arts, January, 1629/30.
St. John's College, Master of Arts, 1633.

Emigrated on the ship "The Safety" in 1635. Thomas Carter 25. Source: The Complete Book of Emigrants." Also found in Williston's "Carter" in Woburn Library. (Both sources dispute "The Planter" emigre as being Rev. Thomas Carter. There were several Thomas Carters in Massachusetts at that time. He is shown emigrating on "The Planter" in 1635 to Dedham by Virkus, Historical Record of the Town of Meriden, CT - 1906, Vol. II, p. 430, and Burke's, p. 2605. These sources say he sailed incognito, posing as a servant until he reached New England and could be declared a freeman.)

He was related to John Carter, 22, who emigrated on the same ship (The Safety). John went to Virginia and is believed to have been the founder of the Carter Family of Virginia. Early decendants of Thomas Carter used the same coat of arms as did the Carters in Virginia. John was a strong supporter of the Church of England, while Thomas was a Puritan. Source: Burke, Sir John Bernard, "American Families With British Ancestry," p. 2605.

Torry's: A Thomas Carter married a Mary Parkhurst before 1640 in Woburn / Charlestown area listed as 1610-1684 in Torry's. Torry also has Timothy Dalton marrying Ruth Parkhurst, so Ruth may have been sister to Mary. There is also a Mary Dalton, born 1582, Ipswich, father: George Dalton and mother: Phebe, but no other information. There is another Mary Parhurst Dalton, born 1588 with spouseless relationship and one daughter with surname Carter (Hannah Carter).

Williston's: "Mr. Carter is admitted a freeman of Dedham, Massachusetts, March 9, 1636/7 (April 25, 1637 O.S.), being presented by PhilemonDalton (Dedham Records.)

More About T
Ordination: November 22, 1642, First Church of Woburn

Notes for M
Death is recorded in some genealogies as March 28, 1689.

Some records show a first husband named Dalton.
Children of T
2. i.   SAMUEL2 CARTER, SR., b. August 08, 1640, Watertown, Massachusetts; d. October 1693, Groton, Massachusetts.
  ii.   JUDITH CARTER, b. 1641; d. October 03, 1676, Charlestown, Massachusetts; m. (1) SAMUEL CONVERS, June 08, 1660; m. (2) GILES FIFIELD, May 21, 1672.
  iii.   THEOPHILUS CARTER, b. June 12, 1645; d. February 15, 1649/50, Woburn, Massachusetts.
His death has been recorded in some genealogies as February 15, 1648/49.

  iv.   MARY CARTER, b. July 24, 1648, Woburn, Massachusetts; d. 1688, Hampton, Rockingham County, New Hampshire; m. (1) JOHN WYMAN, JR., 1671; m. (2) NATHANIEL BACHELDER, October 16, 1678.
  v.   ABILGAIL CARTER, b. October 01, 1649; d. Bef. 1684, Woburn, Massachusetts; m. JOHN SMITH.
  vi.   DEBORAH CARTER, b. September 17, 1651; d. December 14, 1667, Woburn, Massachusetts.
  vii.   TIMOTHY CARTER, b. June 12, 1653, Woburn, Massachusetts; d. July 08, 1727, Woburn, Massachusetts; m. ANNAH (HANNA) FISKE, May 03, 1680, Lexington, Massachusetts; b. November 27, 1659, Cambridge, Massachusetts; d. January 27, 1715/16, Woburn, Massachusetts.
  viii.   THOMAS CARTER, b. June 08, 1655, Woburn, Massachusetts; d. Abt. 1722, Woburn, Massachusetts; m. MARGERY WHITMORE, 1682, Woburn, Massachusetts.

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