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View Tree for William DuncanWilliam Duncan (b. January 07, 1629/30, d. January 02, 1691/92)

William Duncan was born January 07, 1629/30 in Perth, Scotland, and died January 02, 1691/92. He married Sarah Haldane.

 Includes NotesNotes for William Duncan:
Reported by Donald Duncan as beheaded, Rullion Green

Epitaph of Rev. William Duncan - Here lyeth William Duncan (Martr) who for adhering to the word of God and appealing for Christ's kingly government in his house and the covenanted reformation against perjury and prelacy, executed January 2, 1692. Stay passengers, read, here interred dothly lye a witness against poor Scotland's perjury, whose head once fixed upon the bridge post, stood proclaiming vengenace for his guiltless blood.

Reverend William Duncan, Presbyterian minister, refused to take the Jacobite Oath and was martyred, beheaded, by order of King Charles II, a Catholic who regarded Presbyterian Covenanters with extreme aversion. The records which this writer has access to states that this particular branch of the Duncans were descended from the Reverend William Duncan, who was born in Perth, Perthshire, Scotland, January 7, 1630; was the progenitor of the Duncan family that settled in the British Colony of Virginia in ca 1694. He married in 29 August, l657, in Glasgow Scotland, Sarah Haldane, daughter of Haldane of Gleneagles, Pass of Killicrankie (ancestory Perthshire). Extracted from the Fasti Ecclesiae Scoticanae, Rev. William Duncan, M.A., (King's College, Aberdeen, 1648); assistant at Auchindoir 21 October 1652; admitted prior to 18th October, 1653, to Kildrummy; admitted before the 18th July, 1666; outed at the Revolution. Beheaded at Rullion Green Jan. 2, 1692, buried in Cemetery at foot of Mt. Shiehalion, Perthshire, Scotland. The children of Rev. William Duncan and Sarah Haldane Duncan were: "William Duncan II, Charles Duncan, Thomas Duncan, and daughter, Mary Duncan.

REV. WILLIAM DUNCAN married 29 August 1657, SUSAN SARAH HALDANE, daughter of RICHARD
b- 7 Jan., 1630 HALDANE OF GIENEAGLES, Pass of Killiecrankie Scotland.
w- Perth, Perthshire, Scotland.
d- 2 Jan., 1692, beheaded at Rullion Green. Presbyterian minister,
bd- Cemetery at foot of Mt. Shiehalion, Perthshire, Scotland.
It would seen that different branches of the Duncan family and the Haldane family were intermarried. Adam, second son of Alexander Duncan II, was born a hundred and one years after Rev. William Duncan, Presbyterian Minister, who was 'born in 1630.
Our branch of the family came to America and settled in the British Colonies ca 1694.

Rev. William Duncan I (spelled in Scotland "Duncanne"), born 1630-1-7 in Perthshire and died 1692-3-1-2 near Glasgow; married 1657-8-29 in Glasgow, Susan or Sarah Haldane (pronounced an if spelled Halden) born about 1635 of the Gleneagle's general family in Perthshire by that name, and by her had five children. He was born not very far from the Firth Tay, variously received his early training and education and later attended the University and King's College at Aberdeen, where he attained his degree of A.M. in 1648. He was appointed helper to Rev. William Davidson, minister of the Auchindoir 1652-10-21. Admitted to the parish of Kildrummy prior to 1653-10-18, and transplanted to Now Kilpatrick in 1666 (for reference see Scott's Festi-syned of Aberdeen); and it is curious to note that there was only one clergyman of the established Episcopal Ckurch by the name of Duncanne (Duncan) in the great Synod of Glasgow and Ayr during the whole of the 17th century and he, the Rev. William Duncanne, A.M., minister incumbency of which he entered in 1666. He was cast out of his "living" in 1688 by the rabble of the Revolution, and died in 1692, in the fortieth year of his ministry -Condensed from Scott's Fasti Ecclesiae Scaticanae)
Next Generation - Scotland and Virginia, Colony of America.
The eldest son and child of the Rev. William and Susan (Haldane) Duncan, was William Duncan II - born 1659-10-1 in Scotland and died about 1720 in Virginia married Margaret McMurdo of Dumfries, Scotland and tbey had issue of seven children. This family, parents and children, immigrated to America about 1694 and first located at or near "Bellhaven" (now Alexandria), in Virginia, here it is supposed their father died and the children sometime later settled for a time in the section of the Colony then known as its "Northern Neck" and which Culpeper County when formed became a part.

According to James H. Duncan of Des Moines, Iowa - ôREV. ANDREW DUNCAN was probably the grandfather of REV. WILLIAM DUNCAN 1. Andrew was an adult, married, father of six children and the seventh due shortly, when he was arrested and jailed for ten months for his preachments. On his release, he went right back to preaching his doctrines. His children as of 1605 - JOHN DUNCAN, WILLIAM DUNCAN, DAVID DUNCAN, and daughter, BESSIE.
The names of these children are so common in our lineage that I'm sure that one of them is the father of our REV. WILLIAM DUNCAN 1. He was martyred, Pentland Rising, Jan.2, 1692".
1. REVEREND WILLIAM DUNCAN I md- 29 Aug., 1657 SUSAN SARAH HALDANE
b- 7 January, 1630 b- ca 1635
w- Perth, Perthshire, Scotland w- Dumfries, Scotland
d- 2 January, 1692 (beheaded, Rullion Green) d-
bd- Cemetery at foot of Mt. Shiehalion, Perthshire. W-
Epitaph of Rev. William Duncan 1: - HERE LYETH WILLIAM DUNCAN (MARTYR) WHO FOR ADHERING
TO THE WORD OF GOD AND APPEALING FOR CHRIST'S KINGLY GOVERNMENT IN HIS HOUSE AND THE COVENANTED REFORMATION AGAINST PERJURY AND PRELACY, EXECUTED JANUARY 2ND, 1692.
STAY PASSANGERS, READ, HERE INTERRED DOTHLY LY A WITNESS AGAINST POOR SCOTLAND'S PERJURY, WHOSE HEAD ONCE FIXED UPON THE BRIDGE POST, STOOD PROCLAIMING VENGEANCE FOR HIS GUILTLESS BLOOD.

He was a Covenanter Presbyterian Minister. His wife - SUSAN HALDANE, daughter of RICHARD HALDANE OF GLENEAGLES, Pass of Killicrankie, and wife MARY KENNETT.
"Killing time" of Scotland, 1685 - 1689, Rev. William Duncan refused to take "Jacobite Oath", martyred, beheaded by order of King Charles II of England. William Duncan was Presbyterian Minister ... King Charles II, a catholic, Regarded Presbyterians with extreme aversion.

Excerpts from MRS. JOHN HUMPHREYS (MAUDE) 5209 Seminole Ave., Tampa, Florida and from notes of SAMUEL S. SARGENT, Charleston, Illinois.

From "GENEALOGICAL RECORD OF THE DUNCAN FAMILY OF VIRGINIA AND KENTUCKY." by JOHN C. UNDERWOOD.

Contributed by Willard H. Duncan.

THE ESCUTCHEON OF REV. WILLIAM DUNCAN OF GLASGOW, SCOTLAND.

The work of 'Burke' and JAmes Fairbain, record:-
Scotland - Duncan - Mairdrum.
Arms: A balack boar's head erased:
Crest: The same as arms
Motto: "Tien Le Droit" - Interp. "Defend the Right"
.
And the crest of the Haldane Family of Perthshire is: "A Eagle's head erased, Or" And the metals of the shields on which the marshallings are made are traditionally Silver or gold (Ar = Silver, Or = Gold).

One of the Duncans of Warren County, Kentucky, visited relations in Culpeper and Fauquier Counties, Virginia, after the close of the Civil War and speaking of the Duncan Coat- of -arms, said from what he learned, he believed it to be a Balck boar's head and a new moon, with an eagle's head above them.

Judging from the coat-of-arms of Heraldic record, it is safe to assert that the Perthshire Duncans, of whom Rev. William Duncan was the head, sprang either from or with the "Mairdrum" Duncans, hailing from the "house" that first bore the black boar's head on its shield the original source of said family.

Beginning with the family history to prove result, said William Duncan was born 1630-1-7, in Perthshire, the son of well-to-do parents and was educated for the ministry, Which is reasonable proof that he was a younger son, for during those days the parental estates almost invariably reverted by entailment or otherwise, to the elder son, as the legitimate heir to the property of the "house"; and the younger male children of a prosperous marriage alliance were generally looked out for by securing a "living" under the Church, or by obtaining commissions for them either in the Army or Navy of the realm.

So William was evidently not the heir to the ecclesiastical gown; and that he was a second son is more than circumstantially proved by the discovery of his arms bearing the crescent for difference - the Heraldic designation of a second son. After these emblazonments were ascertained, the reviewing of his coat-of-arms was plain sailing.
His Crest, was ascertained by Mr. Duncan when he visited Faquier County, Virginia a golden eagle's head was found to be the Crest of the Haldane family of Perthshire, and the Rev William Duncan's wife was a descendant of the-Gleneagle's "house" of Haldane, of that "shire". It is consequently plain to see that this eminent Divine properly marshalled his own coat-of-arms, but with commendable liberality selected the Crest of his designing the escutcheon for themselves and children.

Thus the flag of the "house" having been established, it mattered little with the conscientious, religious and just clergyman as to its definite antiquity, and it should not be a source of vanity to his posterity, yet there certainly should be a just pride in the ancestory of Rev. William Duncan.

THE DUNCAN AND HALDANE FAMILIES OF SCOTLAND.

The Rev. William Duncan of New Kilpatrick near Glasgow Scotland, married into the family of Haldanes in 1657, and an alleged relative, or Duncan of Lundie, born 1670 married 1700, Isabella Murray, daughter of Sir Peter Murray Bart. of Ochtertyre, Scotland. Their son, Alexander Duncan II of Lundie, born 1702, married about 1727, Helen Haldane, daughter of John Haldane of Gleneagles , M. P. for Perthshire, Scotland. Their son, Adam Duncan of Lundie born 1731-7-1, a Naval Officer under the command of his uncle, Captain James Haldane of the frigate "Shorham" in 1746, ultimately became a celebrated British Admiral; and for his great victory of "Camperdown" in 1746, where he captured the Dutch Fleet under Vice Admiral De Winter, 1797 - 10 - 11, he was created "Lord Viscount Duncan Of Camperdown and Baron Lundie, with an annuity pension grant of 3,000 pounds to himself and to the next two heirs of his title. He married twice and his posterity still bear the name with increased title.

Robert and-James Haldane, born respectively 1764-2-28 and 1768-7-14, were sons of Captain James Haldane of Gleneagles. They were educated at Dundee and the University of Edinburgh and both entered the British Navy and developed talent and adaptability for the service, but they ultimately resigned and became workers for the Independent Baptist Church of which the former became a renowned and fearless minister and the latter gave of a fortune in its advancement: and it is in some degree probable that the firm and staunch example of the Rev. William Duncan who married their early relation, set the mark of those Godly Haldanes. (Refs. Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopedia Americana, and "Anderson's Scottish Nation and Heraldry")

The Duncans have generally been farmers, noted for thrift, energy and success and accredited where they reside as being among the best citizens of the community. The men, handsome courteous, brave and hospitable. The women, attractive and in many instances, beautiful naturally refined and virtuous, a pen picture that is true.
All these Duncans of Scotland were related and while the coat-of-arm were different, yet they were indicative of the "chase", a sure sign of correct descent of the American descendants in Virginia for they were all fond of horses, dogs and guns, and "followed the hounds" when opportunity occurred. The insignia at arms of the Mairdrum Duncans being a black boar's head and that of the Lundie Duncans being in the main, a hunting horn.

Both of these branches of the general Duncan family were allied by friendship and in a degree intermarried with the Haldanes of the "Gleneagles House" in Perthshire.

In addition to the family sports handed down from the Duncan ancestors in Scotland, the determined character of the son demonstrated first in America by their patriotism and bravery during the Revolutionary War; later at least by one distinguished soldier in the Mexican War, a descendant of a brother of William Duncan, 1st, of Culpeper. Colonel James Duncan of the Regular Army of the U.S., Lieut. of Artillery 1834-46. Capt. 1846-49 and Cole and Inst Gen. 1849-7-3. He was thrice breveted for gallant and distinguished services in the field (War office Records) and was accredited later with originating a plan for attacking the City of Mexico, of which Gen. Scott received credit.


The Duncan family was driven out of Scotland because of religious belief. This branch of the family came to America long before the Revolutionary War. According to research done by a descendant, Mrs. Shu De Li Naylor Taylor: four sons of Rev. William Duncan and his wife, Sarah Haldane Duncan, immigrated to Virginia, Northern Necks about 1694... they landed at Brock Haven. They settled first near Bell Havens Virginia now Alexandria.

From; Notes of Dr. James Armistead Duncan, M.D. - 1872
Letter from Samuel McAfee Duncan, Nov. 12, 1891.
Letter from George Alsop Duncan, M. D., Sept. 10, 1874, to Samuel M. Duncan of
Nicholsville, Kentucky.
Ail as collected and compiled by Samuel S. Sargent. Sent to Donald L. Duncan of Pismo
Beach, California by Mr. and Mrs. Willard Duncan and family , 385 Kings Road, Ormond Beach, Florida in 1982.
'rom: "FAMILY RECORD OF T~LLTAM DUNCAN, A SCOTCH IMMIGRANT WHO SETTLED IN COLONY OFVTRGIh~A~
- RAN DUNCAN NAVE'S book - Descendant of CHARLES DUNCAN.

Contributed by Willard H. Duncan

Rev. William Duncan was born in Perthshire, Scotland January 7, 1630 and fell martyr during the religious troubles that afflicted the Church of Scotland in that age. The following epitaph is preserved among his Virginia descendants:

HERE LIETH WILLIAM DUNCAN, (MARTYR), WHO FOR ADHERING TO THE WORD OF GOD AND APPEALING FOR CHRIST'S KINDLY GOVERNMENT IN HIS HOUSE AND THE COVENANTED REFORMATION AGAINST PERJURY AND PRELACY, EXECUTED JANUARY 2ND, 1692. STAY PASSENGERS, READ, HERE INTERRED DOTHLY LIE A WITNESS AGAINST POOR SCOTLAND'S PERJURY, WHOSE ONCE UPON THE BRIDGE POST, STOOD PROCLAIMING VENGEANCE FOR HIS GUILTLESS BLOOD.

Many of the old Scotch families that settled in the Northern Neck of Virginia were Loyalists, many of them enlisted in the British Army and were sent to New York. But all the descendants of William Duncan were true to the cause of freedom during the struggle for American Independence.

The old Scotch settlers were members of the Presbyterian Church and were well trained by their ministers before the Revolutionary War commenced to hate English tyranny and "taxation without representation".

I regret to inform you that during the Civil War between the States, many of the old Scotch family records brought over from Scotland to Virginia by our ancestors were wantonly destroyed by Federal soldiers. Many of the old copies of the Geneva version of the Bible, printed in 1560, were stolen and many copies were burned up in various towns in Northern Virginia. The villany and vandalism of the Northern Army in destroying records were a common practice of our enemies under such Generals as Pope, Fremont, Banks, Milroy, and that infamous coward General "Beast" Butler. He, Pope and Milroy were three of the most cruel, unprincipled tyrants in modern times. They were thieves and the people of Northern Virginia regard such cowardly tyrants as robbers and licensed thieves in Federal uniform. Such facts have been preserved among our Scottish ancestors.

An stated before, Rev. William Duncan married in Glasgow, Scotland, and at that time he was murdered on the sands of Dumfries hire for refusing to take the Jacobite Oath - he had charge of a Church in Glasgow where John Knox had preached a century before. William Duncan was employed as Pastor. Knox preached there in 1560.

(Extracted from the FASTI ECCLESI~ SCOTICANAE)
Rev. William Duncan,M.A., Episcopal Minister, born 1630;(Educated King's College,
Aberdeen, 1648); Assistant at Auchindoir 21st 0ct.,1652; admitted prior to 18th 0ct.,1653
to Kildrummy; admitted before 18th July, 1666; outed at the Revolution; died in 1692, aged
62 years. He married Janet MaeArthur and had isaRe: William; probably also Alexander,
minister ef Kilbirmie -(Reg.cld Dec. iii; Rule's second Vindication;Argyll Sas.ii, 254)
(Following from Robert Bain's THE CLANS AND TARTANS OF SCOTLAND) - Outline of the history
of the Duncans of the east ef Seerland represented by the family of Duncan of Lundie in
Forfarshire.
The Duncans possessed lands in Forfarshire, including the Barony of Lundie and the
Estate of Goutdie. Sir William Duncan was one of the Physicians to George III and in 176~
was created a baronet, but the title became extinct on his death in 1774.
ALEXANDER DUNCAN of Lundie, provost of Dundee, was a Royalist during the Jacobite
Rising of 1745. He married HELENA HALDANE daughter of HALDANE OF GLENEAGLES, and their
second son, ADAM DUNCAN, born 1731, entered the Navy in 1746, and in 1780 he defeated the
Spanish at Cape St. Vincent. Tn 1795, he was appointed Commander of the Fleet in the north
sea and Admiral of the Blue. He had blockaded the Dutch Fleet for two years when the
mutiny at Spithead and Note spread to all his own ships except the VENE~ULBLE, his flagship,
and the ADAMANT. By a stratagem he kept the Dutch in the Texel, and in 1797, he gained at
Camperdown one of the most glorious victories in the history of the British Navy. For his
sevices he was created Earl of Camperdown by William IV in 1797
SIR WI~ DUNCAN, one of the Physicians to GEORGE III, died 1774. In 1764 was created a
Baronet, but the title became extinct on his death. Had issue:
ALEXANDE~ DUNCAN I, married 1700, ISABELLA MURRAY, daughter of Sir Peter Murray of
Ochtertyre. Had issue:
~T~z. ANDER DUNCAN II, married ca 1727, HELENA HALDANE, daughter of John Haldane of Gleneagl,
Pass of Killiecrankie, Gleneagles, Sootland.AT~r~ANDER DUNCAN of LUNDIE
Provost of Dundee, Royalist. Had issue;
ADAM DUNCAN, Earl of Camperdown, Baron Of Lundie, seeond son of Alexander II and Helena,
born 1731. Cemnander of the Fleet in the North Sea, Admiral of the Blu,
Created Earl of Camperdown and Baron Lundie in 1797.
OUR BRANCH OF THE DUNCAN FAMILY
REV. WTLLIAM DUNCAN married 29 August, 1657, SOSAN SARAH NATnANE, daughter of RICHARD
b- 7 Jan., 1630 HALDANE OF GLENEAGLES, Pass of Killiecrankie, Scotland.
w- Perth,Perthshire,Scotland.
d- 2 Jan., 1692, beheade4 at ~ullion Green. Presbyterian minister.
bd- Cemetery at foot of Mt. Shiehalion, Perthshire, Scotland.
It would seem that different branches of the Duncan family and the Haldane family were intermarried. Adam, second son of Alexander Duncan TT, was bern a hundred and one years after Rev. William Duncan, Presbyterian Minister, who was born in 1630.
Our branch of the family eama to America and settled in the British Colonies ca 169~.
I
(Excerpt from "ARMS GAZZETTE", March, 1980, article "FANCY FIREARMS" by Gerry Fern.)
A Naval theme is commemorated ia the gold-inlaid fliztleek pocket pistel by Innes ef Edinburgh, circa 1800. The pistol has a short blued turnoff barrel inlaid with a tree motif the branches cf which hold plaques engraved with the names of the British Naval Flag Officers, NONE, NELSON, DUNCAN, SMITH, WARRAN AND ST. VT~ENT. the frame is also inlaid with gold with the maker's own legend, INNES, MAKER TO HIS MAJESTY. The pistol was apparen fly either one of a set presented to flag officers, or a single piece that ADMIRAL DUNCAN received from a grateful Scottish city in recognition of his Naval Achievements. The butt bears out the Naval theme with a gold figure of Britannia on one side, while the reverse bears a figure of Galatea seated in a chariot pulled by two sea-horses.
For his services ADAM DUNCAN was created Earl of Camperdown by William IIX in 1797. when George A.P.Haldane, 4th Earl of Camperdown died in 1933, without issue, the Earldom became extinct.


Children of William Duncan and Sarah Haldane are:
  1. +William Duncan, b. October 01, 1659, Perthshire, Scotland, d. Abt. 1720, Alexandria (Bellhaven), Viirginia.
  2. Charles Duncan, b. September 06, 1662, Perthshire, Scotland, d., American Colonies, probably South Carolina.
  3. Henry Duncan, b. January 14, 1663/64, Perthshire, Scotland, d., American Colonies, probably South Carolina.
  4. Thomas Duncan, b. January 28, 1664/65, Perthshire, Scotland, d., American Colonies.
  5. Mary Duncan, b. February 01, 1666/67, Perthshire, Scotland, d., American Colonies.
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