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View Tree for William RoarkWilliam Roark (b. June 25, 1760, d. January 06, 1842)

William Roark was born June 25, 1760 in Ireland, and died January 06, 1842 in Gallatin County IL Newspapers, Vol. 1 (1840-1843) compiled by Shirley Cummins Shewmake, Harrisburg IL 62946. He married (1) Elizabeth Martin in Montrose VA. He married (2) Mary Everly.

 Includes NotesNotes for William Roark:
William was drafted in the 1st Regiment, Sussex County NJ Militia under Captain John Van Fleet about 1776 and under Captain Mark Thompson about 1777. He stated in a military pension application that he was at "Bound Brook." Middlebrook emcampment was located at the north end of Bound Brook. Washington's army used the Middlebrook area as a main base and encampment during May-June 1777 and November 1778-June 1779. The Continentals covered Philadelphia and balked British operations in New Jersey.

"The Battle of Van Ness's Mill took place on January 22, 1778. Men from the Sussex County Militia took part as well as soldiers from the Pennsylvania line and several New Jersey regiments. The battle was brought about by the need to defend flour stored by the local families supporting the revolution. The mill was located on the Millstone River. The hauling of cannonballs was a task done by the teamsters attached to the militia and Army regiments. Mark Thompson was in charge of a battalion of teamsters at one point in the war." William stated in a pension application -- from an October 27, 1993 letter from Dorothy A. Stratford, Corresponding Secretary of The Genealogical Society of New Jersey.

A military payroll record of the 4th Pennsylvania Regiment on April 14 1780 gives Private William Roark's age as 26, which would make his birth year about 1854. (The birth year of June 26, 1760 is on his tombstone.) The payrol record gives his description as having black hair and brown complexion.

"Official Register of the Officers and Men in the Revolutionary War" compiled under orders of His Excellency Theodore F. Randolph, Governor, by William S. Stryker, Adjutant General, Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, 1967 -- page 866 - "Rorick, William - teamster, Captain (George) Allen's Team Brigade
page 399 - "The following arrangement shows the State, field and staff officers and the organization of the militia by counties:
page 347 - "Sussex County: First Regiment - William Maxwell, Colonel; Mark Thompson, Colonel; John Van Fleet, Captain, First Major"

National Genealogical Quarterly, Vol. XVI, Washington, Sept. 1928, No. 2 - Lost Battalion of the Revolutionary War, PA by Edgar J. Pershing, Philadelphia PA - "........During the early Summer of 1781, General George Rogers Clarke of Virginia organized an expedition which was to operate against the Shawnee, Delaware and Sandusky Indians in Ohio, for the purpose of stopping their forays into Western Virginia and Pennsylvania. He invited the authorities of Westmoreland County to join in the expedition and....Col. Broadhead was instructed by General Washington to aid him with supplies as well as ammunition.

"The records concerning the organization of the expedition are indefinite and as they appear in the various histories of the county, are entirely based upon tradition. The most generally accepted story that it was gathered by Lochry at Mericle's (Markle's) MIlls (now West Newton) on the Youghiiogheny River, some time about the middle of July, 1781.

"The force consisted of approximately 100 men with some horses, and the trip was no doubt made by water from Mericle's Mills to Fort Pitt {now Pittsburgh}. No records have been found to indicate when the expedition reached Fort Pitt, but apparently Lochry did not linger there for any length of time. He did not get either the supplies or ammunition Broadhead had been instructed to give him, for Clarke evidently pursued his journey down the Ohio River with the original force organized in Westmoreland County.

The accepted traditions further indicate that Lochry arrived at Fort Henry (now Wheeling) some time early in August and found that Clarke had preceded him down the River leaving no supplies or ammunition, but requesting Lochry to follow. After some delay in building additional boats, Lochry again set out to join Clarke. Some days later he sent Captain Shannon with four men to reach Clarke and bring back ammunition....All of them were captured by the Indians who took Lochry's letter, and having learned of his lack of ammunition, immediately arranged to attack him....

On the afternoon of August 24th, Lochry made camp near the mouth of Laughrey's Creek, which empties into the Ohio River near its junction with the Miami River {below what is now Cincinnati}. The water was low and the camp site selected was on a shelving beach back of which rose a precipitous river bank to the edge of the forest.....without warning the Indians opened fire from behind the trees and bushes along the top of the river bank. The surprise was complete and though Lochry's men resisted until their ammunition was exhausted, thirty-seven of their number, including Lochry, were killed and the sixty-four remaining members of the expedition were captured. The wounded who were unable to travel were immediately put to the sun went down the survivors were marched away into the western wilderness.

"During the ensuing year, vague rumors of the disaster reached Westmoreland........Even Clarke did not learn the fate of the expedition until months afterwards when he returned to Virginia...It was fourteen months before any eye witness or participant in the Battle of the Miami returned to Westmoreland. Then Captain Craig and Mathias Fisher and eight or ten of their companions returned and told stories which have been woven into the traditions now generally accepted as correct.

"Perhaps the most authentic...indicate that all of the prisoners taken at the Miami were sold by the Indians to the British who were usually willing to give on gallon of whiskey for each captive. They were then taken to Detroit and later were imprisoned in a stockade built on an island in the St. Lawrence River near Montreal. Captain Craig and Mathias Fisher and a few of their companions escaped from this island in the late summer of 1782...

"...efforts were made to determine the truth of falsity of a tradition....that ..a brother of Frederick Pershing..was killed at the Battle of Miami. Since no records were available in this country it was thought that perhaps some information...might be found among the Records of the British War Office in records were found. Then the suggestion was made that some record...might be found in the Public Archives of Canada and when a search was made there, certain correspondence and the list of killed and captured was discovered. We have since learned that the Canadian records are copies of the original documents and reports now deposited in the British Museum at London.

"Camp near the Ohio, Augt. 29th 1781. Sir, On the 29th you had enclosed an account that Capt. Brant and George Girty with the Indians advanced upon the Ohio, had taken one of the Clarke's Boats after his having past down the river in the night, no thinking themselves in numbers sufficient to attack him and having found his orders to Major Craigcraft that more Troops were to follow under the Command to a Colonel Lockry, la in wait for them, attacked and took the whole, not allowing one to escape.

"Agreeable to a return it appears that there has been thirty-seven killed amongst whom is Colonel Lockry their commandant, with some other officers. This stroke with desertion will reduce Clarke's army very much, and if the Indians had followed advice and been here in time it is more than probable he would have been now in our possession with his cannon. The prisoners seem to be ignorant of what his intentions are, perhaps loss may oblige him to change his measures. However, we shall endeavor to keep the Indians together and watch his motions....(Signed) Andrew Thompson, Alexr. McKee N.B.--The Indians have not determined what to do with the prisoners, but seem inclined to adopt a good many." {A letter to Major A. S. DePeyster}

"Endorsed: Duplicate of intercepted Letters and C. taken by Joseph Brandt when he defeated Colonel Lochrey upon the Ohio -- ........Prisoners - William Noach...Wm. Witherenton" {William Roark...William Worthington}

Virginia Revolutionary War State Pensions, page 81, file 279-"P/A 13 October 1796 to William Roark to receive from....Hopkins. Warrant endorsements by John Dent, William McCleery and William C. Williams. Court session April 1798."

More About William Roark:
Burial: Unknown, Cottage Grove Cemetery, Saline County IL.
Court record: February 10, 1812, Muhlenberg County KY, p. 304--"Estab. 1 road from Smith's Mill to intersect road from Morton's Ferry to Greenville which will be the wish of all except W. Roark and he is no inhabitant.".
Military service 1: Abt. 1776, 1st Regiment, Sussex County NJ Militia.
Military service 2: April 08, 1777, Recruited by Capt. John McGowan of Col. William Butler's 4th PA Regiment at Chester County PA; paid for service in 4th PA Regiment.
Military service 3: May 17, 1777, Month's pay for Bound Brook.
Military service 4: August 17, 1780, Owed $80 for PA service.
Military service 5: August 12, 1781, On payroll of Capt. Michael Catt's Co. in Volunteer Regiments commanded by Col. Zackquille Morgan, raised for Western Expedition under command of Brig. Gen. George Rogers Clark. Deserted from 4th PA Regiment Aug. 12, 1781..
Military service 6: August 14, 1781, Picked up by Colonel Lochry, restored to arms August 20.
Military service 7: August 24, 1781, Taken prisoner.
Military service 8: January 28, 1783, Landed in the Jersies.
Property 1: September 13, 1790, Sold 200 acres (military land grant) on Indian Creek, Monongalia County WVA.
Property 2: August 30, 1786, Land surveyed--218 acres in Monongalia County, West Virginia.
Property 3: January 12, 1815, Shawneetown Land Distribution--80 acres.
Property 4: April 27, 1815, Shawneetown Land Distribution--80 acres.
Property 5: March 06, 1816, Gallatin County IL--40 acres.
Residence 1: 1788, Monongalia County West Virginia Tax List C, Personal Property Tax.
Residence 2: Bet. 1790 - 1798, "Monongalia County WV Records of the District Superior and County Courtss", published 1990 by M. P. Zinn.
Residence 3: 1796, Court record, West Virginia.
Residence 4: 1800, Monongalia County, Trickett District, "Counties of West Virginia 1800".
Residence 5: 1801, "Monongalia County Virginians in 1801".
Residence 6: 1802, Muhlenberg County KY tax list, 400 acres on Cypress Creek.
Residence 7: 1810, Kentucky Federal Census.
Residence 8: 1811, Kentucky tax records.
Residence 9: 1814, Shawneetown Land Distribution, Gallatin County IL.
Residence 10: 1830, Muhlenberg County KY census - age 70.
Residence 11: 1840, 1840 Gallatin County Census-age 78, military pensioner living with son, Michael.
Retirement: October 13, 1796, Pension from State of Virginia.

More About William Roark and Elizabeth Martin:
Marriage: Montrose VA.

 Includes NotesMarriage Notes for William Roark and Elizabeth Martin:
Family DAR applications say that family legend tells that William "married a girl in Montrose, Virginia."

Children of William Roark and Elizabeth Martin are:
  1. +Martin Roark, b. Bet. 1780 - 1784, Virginia, d. July 1833, Kentucky.
  2. +John Roark, b. May 22, 1786, Virginia, d. August 24, 1869, Muhlenberg County KY.
  3. +William Roark, b. December 12, 1791, Virginia, d. May 09, 1862, Muhlenberg County KY.
  4. +Michael Roark, b. March 25, 1796, Virginia, d. March 31, 1877, Saline County IL.
  5. Elizabeth Roark, d. 1860, Hopkins County KY.
  6. +Sarah Catherine Roark, b. Abt. 1800, Muhlenberg County KY, d. Abt. 1868.
  7. Rhoda Roark, b. Abt. 1807, d. Aft. 1860.
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