Notes for Lt.-Col William Randolph: William Randolph - Jamestowne Society
COAT OF ARMS IS A "GU UPON A CROSS OR, F MULLETS GU" TWO MOTTOS "NIL ADMIRARI' ABOVE, AND "FARI QUAE SENTIAT" BELOW. Meaning - " Never fear to speak the truth you feel"
On 1 Oct 1674 William Randolph purchased land in Henrico County, Virginia located on the upper James River just north of present day Petersburg and about 15 miles south of Richmond. He was one of the early pioneers of colonial Virginia.
"The Visitation of Northamptonshire" lists Mary as the eldest daughter fo Henry Isham, only surviving son of Wiliam Isham, 3rd son of Sir Euseby Isham of Pytchley." A big man with a hawk nose. BORN AT MORETON MORRELL IN WARWICKSHIRE, ENGLAND-per his tombstone. (Some ref to Yorkshire). Suggested by some that no other couple in history had a greater number of distinguished descendants than Wm & Mary Randolph. Sixteenth generation in line of descent from King Henry III. William was the Clerk of Henrico County succeeding uncle Henry. William was the U.S. Attorney General from 1670 to 1671.Also a speaker of the House of Burgesses in1698 - He was a loyalist. who came to America in 1672 [PER VIRGINIA MAGAZINE OF HISTORY AND BIOGRAPHY VOL XLV - DEC. 1937] He was the King's Colony councilin VA, and Colonial Attorney General. He was a founder of Willliam and Mary College and one of the Trustees. He was known as a tobacco planter, merchant, and colonial official
COLLIERS ENCYCLOPEDIA says: William Randolph (1651-1711), founder of the family in America, was the son of a Warwickshire country gentleman who came to Virginia about 1672. He established the pattern by which his descendants prospered: vast land ownership combined with the holding of vital and lucrative public offices. William Randolph became king's attorney and clerk and speaker of the House of Burgesses. He acquired 15,000 acres of land, which became the nucleus of the family holdings. He had seven sons, five of whom founded notable lines that became associated with great plantations stretching along the James River from Williamsburg beyond Richmond: William Randolph II of Wilton, Thomas Randolph of Tuckahoe, Richard Randolph of Curles, Isham Randolph of Dungeness, and Sir John Randolph of Tazewell Hall. The Randolphs became allied by marriage with the Beverleys, Blands, Bollings, Carters, Carys, Harrisons, Lees, Pages, and other aristocratic families of Virginia and intermarried until their own numerous lines were tangled "like fishhooks." It is suggested that confederate General JEB Stuart and Lady Astor are also descendants. TURKEY ISLAND homesite is on the north side of the James river about 15 miles from the falls. Once a peninsula connected by land at the South end, ships were required to travel all the way around the 1329 acre property in a time consuming horseshoe shaped loop. In 1934, a 3/4 mile ship channel was cut out by the Army corps of engineers to facilitate water shipping from Newport News to Richmond. The 2 1/2 mile by 1/2 mile wide island is now a National wildlife refuge, called "Presque Isle" or "Presquile", which means peninsula in French. The name was coined after the visiting report of French emigre', Duc de la Rochefoucault Liancort. The island has been well cared for by the Department of the Interior, US Fish and Wildlife Service. William and his brother built a 2 story frame home approximately 34 feet by 60 feet on the four-room plan with a symmetrical three-bay front elevation, brick "noggings", three-run openwell stairs, deck-on-hip roof, two interior brick chimneys, and a raised full basement of Flemish-bond brick, situated on the extreme Southeast corner upon a sharp rising bluff. Old family letters refer to a front porch. Some historical records suggest that cousin Richard Randolph II of Curles may have been the actual builder-contractor of the house. Conflicting historical records indicate the house was:"an imposing imported English brick mansion with a high cupola. The homesite, built on a rise in the Southwest corner of the island was expertly nestled among stately buckeye, pecan, holly, and oak trees, and must have been a wonderful place to live. A tiny cemetery is located at the edge of the terraced groves with the remaining gravestones. The Virginia Historical Society revealed the fact that many of the Randolphs were buried on the island, but storms must have obliterated the Randolph sites and headstones. The original William Randolph "The Immigrant" was buried on Turkey Island in 1711. Mary Isham Randolph was buried there in 1742. Also buried on the island in 1742 were William "Councilor" Randolph and Colonel Isham Randolph. Ryland Randolph was buried there about 1803. William and Mary Randolph had 3 children who died as infants, William, Elizabeth, and Joseph who should also be buried on Turkey Island. There is speculation as to whether the current four non-Randolph gravesites are in the proper location or not. There were two brick 2-room outbuildings with gable roofs to the rear of the main house which are reported to have been slave quarters and a kitchen. In 1801, David Meade Randolph, Federal Marshall of Virginia, sold the farm. In 1952, the property was willed to the Virginia Commission of Game, and subsequently transferred to the U. S. Department of the Interior. According to historical records, Lafayette used the house as headquarters before the siege of Yorktown. And, during the Civil War, the house was said to have been bombarded and occupied by Federal soldiers. The house was used by General Pickett and was reportedly dismantled, piece by piece and carried to Appomattox to be used in the building of a war hospital. After the war, it was rebuilt in the original location. Damaged by fire at a later date, the house was rebuilt again. Bermuda Hundred was established in 1613 by Sir Thomas Dale as the first incorporated town in VA. Johne Rolfe, colony recorder, married Pocahontas there - ceremony conducted by Rev Alex Whitaker. SOURCES: VA Historical Magazine vol 19,14,3,45,85,87 History of Woodford County by William E. Railey. William Randolph of Turkey Island and his Immediate descendants, by Wassell Randolph, Colonial Dames Hobbies magazine 9/1941.
TYPE: Patent - mos XWARD Date: 7 Nov 1673 ref [Patent Book 6:496], Frg2 to Abelow Gower, Frg2 contract 8 persons Ref: 400/501 acres Henrico/Branches Brook loc 13922 -7716 F127 L0 P255 - Point A) Small live oak line S; 150 poles running across Mr. Branch's Brooke - Point B) _____ line W; 428 poles - Point C) _____ line N; 150 poles - Point D) _____ line E; 428 poles For transport of 8 persons. The tract was later deserted and granted to Capt William Randolph, 20 October 1691 [Patent Book 8: 171, V-40] Shift: sta 0 of GOWE2673.INT to sta 1 of BRNCH665.INT Shift: sta 0 of GOWE2673.INT to sta 4 of GOWE1673.INT - Quality of survey: Well located.
17 CF#024K (VPB) Patent Book 6 page 534 1 Oct 1674 to Mr William Randolph 591 acres2r 20p Henrico County, Swift C
Other children: Elizabeth ( b. ca. 1684 ), m. 01 Feb. 1700/01 to Richard BLAND. William "Councillor"8 Randolph II was born November 1, 1681. Thomas Mann "Colonel" Randolph was born February 3, 1683. Served as a Colonel in the Revolutionary Army Joseph Randolph was born 1683. Joseph died 1683 at less than one year of age.
Will of William Randolph of Turkey Island and County and Parish of Henrico, Gent., being in the 60th year of my age (parts of these pages are missing) To wife Mary, for life, the plantation I live on, 400 acres, part of 1000 acres called Turkey Island, and at her death to my son William, also to her rest of land in Va., except land at Pigeon Swamp in Surry County, already disposed of; also to her, land on Martins Swamp and an acre in the Town of Bermuda Hundred. My land at Curles to sons Thomas and Isham, 750 acres, to be equally divided, my son Thomas to have his choice. To sons Richard and John, 3 tracts of land I purchased of John Woodson, Samuel Knibb and John _______, 900 acres to be divided. To Richard the upper part, and John the lower. To son Edward, all the tract on Chickahominy Swamp, between Mr. James Cocke and Joseph Watson, 625 acres, which I bought of Thomas Cocke, dec’d. All my lands which lie between lands given to son William above Westham upper creek and Tuckahoe Creek, being 3256 acres, purchased of Edmund Jennings, Esq.. to be equally divided between sons Isham, Thomas, Richard, John, and Edward. Son Isham to have the lower part adj. Son William, and then Thomas, Richard, John, and Edward, the latter having the upper part. To son Isham, half of the lower island above Westham. Land on the north side of James River above Turkey Island to son Edward. Land at Pigeon Swamp in Surry with all appurtenances and slaves, being 1000 to 1100 acres, to be set apart for use of Micajah Perry & Co., Merchants in London, to raise tobacco to pay off debts incurred to them. Sons Thomas and Henry to take charge of running it and pay themselves for their trouble. After all debts paid off, they are to divide the land. To wife, household items and several negroes. To daughter Stith and daughter Bland, each a ring. Executors wife and sons William, Henry, and Thomas. Dated 6 March 17__. Wit: ______ Randolph, __dridge. Recorded 1 June 1713.
Source: Colonial Wills of Henrico County, Virginia, Part One, 1654 - 1737, abstracted and compiled by Benjamin B. Weisiger III, p. 90
William "Colonel"7 Randolph (Richard6, William5, Robert4, John3 Randall, John2, "John The Elder"1) was born in Northamptonshire 1649. William died April 11, 1711 in Turkey Island, VA, at 61 years of age.
He married Mary Isham 1680. Mary was born 1659. Mary was the daughter of Henry Isham and Katherine Banks. Mary died October 19, 1742 at 83 years of age. Grandmother was Joan Busley, (who married Henry Isham Sr.) who was maid of the Wardrobe to Queen Elizabeth. Also direct descendant of Alfred the Great, Edward the Elder - king of England, Henry I - king of France, Anne of Austria, Heingst - king of Saxony AD434. All this per Daughters of American Revolution magazine, May, 1921. Suggested by some that no other couple in history has had more distinguished descendants than William and Mary Randolph.
SOURCES: 1. THE PARSONS HERITAGE: 1651-1989, Part 1. By Mrs. Robert B. Parsons, 1989, pp59, 91-96. Unpublished manuscript is in the possession of Mr. Gary A. Parsons. 2. LIVING DESCENDANTS OF BLOOD ROYAL IN AMERICA: Volume 4, 1881-1960. Published by World Nobility and Peerage, London, England, 1959, pp127, 303, & 360. California State Library at Sutro, San Francisco, CA, call number CS55.A29 3. THE RANDOLPHS: The Story Of A Virginia Family. By H. J. Eckenrode, Bobbs - Merrill Publishing Co., Indianapolis, NY, 1946. A copy is in the possession of Mr. Gary A. Parsons. 4. THE RANDOLPHS OF VIRGINIA: America's Formost Family. By Jonathan Daniels, 1972. Pub. by Doubleday, Garden City, NY. California State Library at Sutro, San Francisco, CA., CS71.R193). 5. SOME PROMINENT VIRGINIA FAMILIES. By Louise Pecquet du Bellet, pp129-164. Published by the Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1976. Santa Clara Public Library, Santa Clara, CA, call number GR 929.2 P36. 6. CONCISE DICTIONARY OF AMERICAN BIOGRAPHY. Published by Charles Scribner & Sons, 1964. 7. PEDIGREE OF THE DESCENDANTS OF HENRY RANDOLPH, I (1623-1673) OF HENRICO COUNTY, VIRGINIA. Manuscript by Wassell Randolph, 1957. CSL Sutro Library, San Francisco, CA, call number #CS71 R193 1957, also on micro-fiche #G3 G1714 8. THE MAGNA CHARTA SURETIES, 1215: The Barons Named in the Magna Charta, 1215 And Some of Their Descendants Who Settled in America During The Early Colonial Years, Fourth Edition, 1993. By Frederick Lewis Weis, Th.D., 1955. Published by the Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1993. Santa Clara Public Library, Santa Clara, CA, call number GR 929.72 W42. 9. THE ROYAL DESCENTS OF 500 IMMIGRANTS; To The American Colonies or the United States, Who Were Themselves Notable or Left Descendants Notable in American History. By Gary Boyd Roberts, 1993. Published by the Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1001 N. Calvert St., Baltimore, MD 21202. 10. From the files of Mr. Harold L. Davey, 205 Yoakum Parkway, 1711, Alexandria, VA 22304, CompuServe address: 70243,3066 March 3, 1994.
source:Headlam, Cecil, ed., Calender of State Papers, Colonial Series (Volume 17), America and West Indies, 1699, also Addenda, 1621-1698. Preserved in the Public Record Office (Vaduz: Kraus Reprint Ltd., 1964) First Published London: HMSO, 1908. pp. 267-268.
Henrico County, VA - Turkey Island Cemetery #2 & #3 together on one
COLL. Wm. RANDOLPH OF WARWICKSHIRE, BUT LATE OF VIRGINNIA GEN'. DIED APRIL 11, 1711
(crest) (on same stone beneath the crest)
Mrs. Mary Randolph his only wife died She was Daughter of M Hen: Isham by Katherine his wife, he was of NorthamptonShire but late of Virgi nia Gent.
(There is a marker for each put down by the Va. Conservation Com.) One at the head : HERE LIES COL WILLIAM RANDOLPH FOUNDER OF RANDOLPH FAMILY 1651-1711 VIRGINIA CONSERVATION COM 1946
One at the foot: HERE LIES MARY ISHAM RANDOLPH WIFE OF COL. WILLIAM RANDOLPH 1659-1735 VIRGINIA CONSERVATION COM. 1946
More About Lt.-Col William Randolph: Burial: Unknown, "Turkey Island"Charles City, VA. Military service: June 1699, Militia Officer; Virginia, Henrico County. Occupation: Justice of the Peace; Henrico County, Virginia.
More About Lt.-Col William Randolph and Mary Isham: Marriage: Abt. 1678, ?.
Children of Lt.-Col William Randolph and Mary Isham are:
+Isham RANDOLPH, b. Abt. January 1684/85, "Turkey Island" Henrico Co. , VA, d. November 1742, Goochland Co. , VA.