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View Tree for Sir Alexander* OgilvySir Alexander* Ogilvy (b. Abt. 1388)

Alexander* Ogilvy (son of Patrick* de Grandon and Auchterhouse Ogilvy and Christian* Keith) was born Abt. 1388. He married Janet Gray, daughter of Andrew Gray and Janet De Mortimer.

 Includes NotesNotes for Alexander* Ogilvy:
{James Balfour Paul (ed.): The Scots Peerage, Volume I, Edinburg 1904}

Alexander Ogilvy of Auchterhouse, Sheriff of Angus. He fell into a state of incapacity, and in 1450 his brother Walter was appointed his tutor, and both resigned their titles to the Sheriffship of Angus 2 September 1469. He died between July 1470 and September 1473, and left one daughter and heiress,

(1) MARGARET OGILVY, styled heir of her uncle Walter Ogilvy of Oures, married to James Stewart, Earl of Buchan who with his wife resigned into the King's hands the Sheriffship of Angus on 19 October 1466.

Gilbert, the son of Gillebride, first Earl of Angus, and younger brother of Gilechrist, third Earl of Angus was the progenitor of the family of Ogilvy. From the original home of the family in the land of Pury-Ogilvy in Angus it has spread, in the families of Ogilvy of that Ilk, of Airlie and Inverquharity, over the greater part of Angus, and in the branches of Findlater, Boyne, Banff, and Inchmartine, over a large portion of Aberdeen and Banff.
Between the years 1172-1177, as 'son of the Earl of Angus,' Gilbert obtained, by a charter dated at Montrose, from King William the Lion, the lands of Purin-Ogguluin and Kynmethan, the former later known as Pury Ogilvy, which gave its name to its possessors. The charter now exists in Lord Home's charter-chest only in the form of a transumpt, made at the instance of Gilbert Ogilvy of that Ilk, 14 Feb. 1577, as the original, 'the samin is the eldest and principale evident quhilk he hes thairof' was then 'werray auld, warne and consumit, and skantlie may be weill red.' A copy of this transumpt exists in the General Register House, and, it is stated, at Birkhill and Fotheringham also.

GILBERT is mentioned as witness to a grant made between 1201 and 1204 by which his brother Gilchrist, Earl of Angus, gave the church of Monyfode to the Abbey of Arbroath. The next on record is

ALEXANDER DE OGILUILL. He was present along with William de Ramsay, Hugh de Anegous, and Duncan the 'Judex' at the court held at Forfar 17 February 1250, to determine the suit and attendance due by the Abbey of Arbroath for the lands of Innerpeffray. To him succeeded

PATRICK DE OGGILUILL, who about 1267 is witness to a mortification by Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchester, for the souls of his wife and himself, of the church of Lathrisk, with the chapel of Kettle, to the Priory of St. Andrews. Patrick de Eggilvyn signs an oath of fealty to King Edward I. on 15 July 1296, and renews his homage with the other magnates of Scotland at Berwick-on-Tweed 28 August, and on 1 September 1305 was a member of the Inquisition held at Perth to examine into the circumstances under which Michael de Miggel was in company with Sir William Wallace.

PATRICK OF OGILVY, probably a successor, obtained in 1309 from King Robert the Bruce a grant of the Barony of Kettins, in Angus. He, with John of Ogilvy, served on a commission to inquire into the privileges possessed by the Burgh of Dundee in 1325, and was succeeded by

ALEXANDER of OGILVY of THAT ILK. He appears in an Act concerning the Burgh of Dundee at Forfar 17 July 1348, and between 1354 and 1361 granted a charter of confirmation to Walter of Ogilvy, son of the deceased Walter of Ogilvy, son of the deceased Patrick of Ogilvy, of the lands of Wester Poury, which were granted by his 'progenitor' Patrick Ogilvy, Lord of that Ilk, to the latter's uncle, Patrick of Ogilvy and Marjory his spouse. This charter was confirmed by King James I. at Aberdeen, 2 August 1428. Alexander was probably succeeded by

JOHN of OGILVY,Lord of that Ilk, who in 1413 witnesses a charter by Sir Alexander Keith of Grandon in favour of Patrick of Ogilvy, son of Alexander of Ogilvy, Sheriff of Angus, and Christian Keith, his wife (see next page). John of Ogilvy was Sheriff-depute of Angus in 1426, and was ancestor of the family of Ogilvy of that Ilk.

The Walter Ogilvy, son of Walter Ogilvy, son of Patrick Ogilvy, mentioned in the above charter of the lands of Wester Poury by Alexander. Ogilvy of that Ilk has been generally identified with Walter Ogilvy, Sheriff of Angus, progenitor of the branches of Airlie, Inverquharity, Findlater, and Inchmartin.

SIR WALTER OGILVY OF AUCHTERHOUSE, Knight, Sheriff of Angus. He is designed 'Walter of Ogylwy miles' in a charter by Thomas Sybald of Moneythin to Andrew Petcary of the lands of Monethin about 1368. On 24 October 1385 he had a grant from King Robert II. of an annualrent out of the lands of Kyngaltny. He was Sheriff of Angus before 1380. Douglas and Crawford state that he obtained the office by his marriage with Isabel Ramsay, daughter and heiress of Sir Malcolm Ramsay, Lord of Auchterhouse, but give no authority for their statement, and some doubt is cast upon it by a confirmation by King James III., 18 February 1482-3, of a charter by the late Alexander of Ogilvy, Sheriff of Forfar, of the lands of Balkery to his sister Matilda of Ramsay, relict of William of Fenton: the date of the original charter is therein stated to be at Auchterhouse, 21 August 1488, which is impossible, and is most probably a mistranscription of 1388, one of the witnesses being Sir David Lindesay of Glenesk, who was created Earl of Crawford in 1398. Sir Walter Ogilvy's mother's name is unknown. Sir Walter of Lichtoun, who was killed along with him, is called his uterine brother.

He was killed at the battle of Glenbrierachan or Glasklune in 1392 repelling an inroad of Highlandmen, and is celebrated by the chronicler Wyntoun as 'stout and manfull, bauld and wycht,' and as 'Godlike, wis, and wertuous.' He had issue:

1. Sir Alexander Ogilvy of Auchterhouse, Sheriff of Angus. He was present at the battle of Harlaw, received many charters from King Robert III. between 1398 and 1404, and as a reward for his services received from that king an annualrent out of the customs of Dundee. He obtained a safe-conduct to go to England, 'to treat for the liberation of King James I. of Scotland,' 16 April 1413. This was extended until August 1413, and repeated in 1415.
He died after 14 July 1421, when he sat as one of the Auditors of the royal revenues, and before 2 October 1423, when his son Patrick is designed Sheriff of Angus. He had issue:

(1) George, stated to have been killed at Harlaw. He had issue.

(2) Sir Patrick Ogilvy of Grandon and Auchterhouse. In 1425 he was one of an Embassy to France, and in the following year one of the Auditors of the Crown revenues. On 14 April 1426 King James I. confirmed a grant made by him, with his father's consent, of an annualrent to the Chapel of St. Mary the Virgin of Garioch. In 1427, if not earlier, be was Justiciar of Scotland north of the Forth. He was, in 1429, made Constable of the Scots in France in succession to Sir John Stewart of Darnley, but was drowned at sea on his way home to Scotland. He married, before 1413, Christian, daughter and heiress of Sir Alexander Keith of Crandon, from whom he obtained a charter, 14 October 1413. Issue:

i. Alexander Ogilvy of Auchterhouse, Sheriff of Angus. He fell into a state of incapacity, and in 1450 his brother Walter was appointed his tutor, and both resigned their titles to the Sheriffship of Angus 2 September 1469. He died between July 1470 and September 1473, and left one daughter and heiress,

(1) MARGARET OGILVY, styled heir of her uncle Walter Ogilvy of Oures, married to James Stewart, Earl of Buchan who with his wife resigned into the King's hands the Sheriffship of Angus on 19 October 1466.

ii. Walter Ogilvy of Beaufort and Cures, appointed Sherif-Depute of Angus and Banff 24 April 1450, Is styled Sheriff on 20 May 1455, and survived until at least 1478. Married, about 1438, Margaret of Fenton, eldest daughter and co-heir of Walter of Fenton of Beaufort. By her he had no issue, though he had a natural son,

Walter Ogilvy, mentioned 24 January 1477.

iii. Christian, married, as second wife, to Sir John Wemyss of Reres.

iv. Margaret, married to Sir John Oliphant of Aberdalgy. Her son was Sir Laurence of Oliphant, who as 'nephew' received, on 6 November 1468, a charter of the lands of Cures from Walter Ogilvy of Oures.

(3) Sir Andrew Ogilvy of Inchmartin witnessed a charter of Alexander Ogilvy of Auchterhouse in 1460 as 'patruus.' He received with Marjorie, his spouse, a charter of the lands of Wester Dron from David Bosvile of Craigincat in 1439, and was living in 1461, when Sir John Wemyss makes a grant to David, his son and heir-apparent. He married Marjory, daughter of Sir John Glen of Inchmartin and Margareta Erskine, and had issue a son,

(i) David Ogilvy of Inchmartin, ancestor of the Earls of Findlater.

(4) David Ogilvy of Balmuto was a hostage for King James I. in England 1424, but was released before 28 January 1426, when he witnessed a charter of his uncle Sir Walter Ogilvy of Luntrethen. Died ante 1440. Married Christian, yongest daughter of Sir John Glen of Inchmartin (who was married, secondly, to David Aberkirdor, and, thirdly, to David Stewart of the Gloom, and had issue,

(i) Alexander Ogilvy of Kinneff.

(ii) Margaret, married to Silvester Rattray of that Ilk.

(iii) Christian, married to N.N. Lindsay.

(iv) Marjorie, married to Walter Tulloch of that Ilk.

(5) Marjory, married to David, third Earl of Crawford.

2. WALTER, ancestor of the Airlie family, of whom afterwards.

3. John of Ogilvy, ancestor of the family of Ogilvy of Inverquharity. He received from his brother Sir Walter Ogilvy in 1420 a grant of the lands of Inverquharity. It has been a matter of controversy whether he or his brother Walter was the elder. His descendant Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity narrates, in a 'contract of maintenance' between him and James, Lord Ogilvy, in 1591, that he gives his maurent and service (reserving his duty to the Earl of Angus, from whom he held his lands) to Lord Ogilvy and his house 'of the quhilk he is laitlie decended,' and in 1582 Sir John Ogilvy of Inverquharity styles James Lord Ogilvy his 'guid lord and chief.'
SIR WALTER OGILVY Of Carcary and Lintrathen. In 1403 he obtained from Henry Duncanson a charter of two parts of the lands of Easter Fingask; in 1406, from Robert, Duke of Albany, confirmation of a grant by Archibald, Earl of Douglas, of certain lands in the Barony of Lintrathen; and on 15 June 1414 he got a charter from the Duke confirming the Earl of Douglas's charter of that barony. Crawford states that he acquired these lands by marrying Isabel Durward, heiress of Lintrathen, but gives no authority for the statement. In 1424 he lead a safeconduct to go to Flanders. In 1425 he was appointed High Treasurer of Scotland, and in 1431-37 was in England as a commissioner for negotiating a truce.

In 1432 he got a licence from King James I. to erect his Tower of Eroly or Airlie in the form of a Castle and it, with the Castles of Bollischen and Forther, became the chief seats of his successors.

On 28 January 1426-27 he founded a chaplaincy in the Church of St. Mary of Auchterhouse, and endowed it with ten merks annually out of his lands of Kirkton of Essy and Keillour, and other ten merks from his lands of Carcary. This deed is witnessed by Sir Patrick Ogilvy and David Ogilvy, his nephew, and Walter his son. He died in 1440.

Sir Walter Ogilvy was twice married. His first wife was named Isabel, and for her soul masses were to be said according to the mortification of 1427. He married, secondly, Isabel, daughter of Sir John Glen of Inchmartin, and in 1405 there is a charter confirming a gift by the said Sir John, with the consent of Margaret (Erskine), his spouse, and John, his son, of the lands of Balhawal (Balhall) in Forfar, on account of Sir Walter's future marriage with his daughter Isabel.

On 6 November 1419 he got from Margaret, Lady of Inchmartin, a charter of the half-lands of Wardropstoun in the Mearns to himself in liferent, and to Walter, his son by Isabel, daughter of the said Margaret, with a destination to his sons David, Alexander, Patrick, and George, who are also mentioned as her sons in a charter by Margaret Glen of the lands of Auchleven, 20 November 1419.

Isobel Glen survived her first husband, and was married, secondly, to Robert Conynghame of Achinbowy. He left issue:

1. SIR JOHN OGILVY, of whom afterwards.

2. James Ogilvy. These two, as they are not mentioned in the charter of 1419, were probably not children of Isabel Glen, whose sons appear nominatim in the destination above mentioned, but of Walter's first wife. He appears on an assize in 1450 as 'frater Johannis de Ogilvy de Lintrathin'.

3. Sir Walter Ogilvy, ancestor of the Earls of Findlater.

4. David, witnessed his father's charter of 28 January 1426-27, above mentioned.

5. Alexander.

6. Patrick.

7. George.

8. Giles, married to Robert Arbuthnot of Arbuthnot.

9. Isabel, said to have been married, first, to Patrick, Lord Glamis, and, secondly, to Gilbert, first Lord Kennedy, and to have, died in 1484.
SIR JOHN OGILVY of Lintrathen succeeded his father. There is an instrument, dated at Airlie 5 June 1447, on a resignation by Michael David of the Bell of St. Medan, of which he was tenant and hereditary possessor, into the hands of Sir John Ogilvy of Luntreythyn, Knight, the superior of the said Bell, after which the said Sir John gave the Bell, with its 'pertinents, fruits, and revenues, to Lady Margaret Ogilvy, Countess of Moray, his spouse, for her liferent use.' He had a safe-conduct for three years to go abroad with William, Earl of Douglas, 1450.

On 28 January 1482-83 he had a charter from King James III. of the lands of Luntrethin, Airlie and others, all incorporated and erected into the Barony of Luntrethin, and in 1483 he entered a claim in the Sheriff-Court of Forfar to be free of all suit of court except at three head courts. of the country. He died in June 1489.

He married Margaret, Countess of Moray, who was dead before 1471.

He is also said to have married Marion, second daughter of Sir William Seton of Seton, or William, Lord Seton, but there is no authority given for this statement.He had issue

1. SIR JAMES Ogilvy of Airlie, his successor.

2. David Ogilvy. He received from his father, with consent of his brother Sir James Ogilvy, an annualrent of 20 merks from the lands of Wardroptoun, 1 June 1468. Nisbet calls him David Ogilvy of Newtoun.

3. Thomas Ogilvy, who is stated to have been 'chanter of Dunkell and afterwards Abbot of Cowpar.'

4. Christian, stated to have been married to Sir Alexander Forbes of Pitsligo.

5. Elizabeth, stated to have been married to Sir Patrick Keith of Innerugie.

6. Marion, stated to have been married to Henry Stewart of Rosyth. A Marjorie is mentioned as wife of Henry Stewart of Rosyth in a charter of 5 January 1458-59, but her last name is not stated.

7. Margaret, stated to have been married, in 1482, to Sir Gilbert Ramsay of Banff.
I. SIR JAMES OGILVY of Airlie, first Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, succeedeed his father. He was one of the conservators of a truce with the English in 1484, was created by King James IV., 28 April 1491, LORD OGILVY OF AIRLIE,'in barone and banrent, a lord of his Parliament, and he and his heirs to be callit and nominat Lord Ogilvy of Arely in all tyme to cum with all prerogatives and priuilegiis,' and on 18 May 1491 was sent as ambassador to Denmark.

He died about 1504, before 25 September, when there is a protest 6 by John Ogilvy, brother to the late James, Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, as to his right to the lands of Fornochty. Douglas says he married, fIrst, Elizabeth Kennedy, and, secondly, Mary Douglas, daughter of Archibald, fifth Earl of Angus, but adduces no proofs. He had some matrimonial, relation with the Douglas family, as his son John, second Lord Ogilvy, is in a charter of 1496 styled 'brother' of Hugh Douglas, Dean of Brechin, son of Hugh, Earl of Ormond.' He is known to have married Helen Graham, who was his spouse on 20 November 1486. He certainly married, lastly, Jonet Lyle, who died about 1525, and who was mother of two daughters. He had issue:

1. JOHN, his successor.

2. Archibald, styled brother of John, son and heirapparent of James, Lord Ogilvy, 1494.

3. Walter, stated to be ancestor of the Ogilvys of Balfour.

4. Alexander, mentioned in 1493-94. He married Nicholas Stratoun.

5. Malcolm, mentioned in a procuratory by James, Lord Ogilvy, to 'Malcolm Ogilvy his son,' etc., after 1501.

6. John Ogilvy of Craig, or in the Craig, is mentioned as son of James, Lord Ogilvy, in the procuratory cited, and as brother of John, Lord Ogilvy, in April 1505.

7. Isabella, married (dispensation following on a bull of Pope Innocent VIII. as within the fourth degree of consanguinity, dated at Dunkeld, 10 January 1490) to Alexander, son and apparent heir of Sir James Stewart, Lord of Buchan and Auchterhouse.

8. Janet (daughter of Jonet Lyle), contracted in 1503 to Alexander Gordon, son and apparent heir of George Gordon, younger, of Midmar, whom failing to James his brother, when old enough to complete a marriage with her, or failing her, her sister Marion, but the marriage does not seem to have taken place.

9. Mariota, 'Domina de Melgund.' At Cortachy there is a document by Marioun Ogilvy (signed Mary Ouegylvy) dated at Airlie, 6 August 1525, as 'ye dochter executrix and intromittour of Jean Lyle Ladie Ogyluy my modyr.' She owes her prominence in Scottish history to her position as mistress of Cardinal David Betoun, who, on the 22 May 1528, as Abbot of Aberbrothock, granted her for certain sums of money and 'other causes,' the liferent of the lease of the lands of Burnton of Ethie and others; and afterwards the lands of Melgund, which he had acquired in 1542. She remained with the Cardinal until his death. On 26 November 1549 she was charged with 'interlymning the Queen's Grace letters,' and obliged to give surety. She received as 'Lady Melgund' a tack of the thirds of Methven in 1575. She died in 1575, leaving a will, dated 22 June of that year, making her sons David Betoun of Melgund and Master Alexander Betoun, Archdean of Lothian, her executors, and desired that she should be buried 'in the Ile of the Paroch Kirk of Kennell quhair my predecessouris lyis.'
II. JOHN, second Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, succeeded his father. He had a sasine of lands in 1504. In 1472 he was styled 'of Fingask', and as 'John of Ogilvy, baron of Fingask,' had a safe-conduct with others to pass between England and Scotland in 1493, as envoy of King James IV.

In the charter of Fingask his wife is named Marion. Douglas calls his wife 'Jean, daughter of William, second Lord Graham of Kincardine.' He held his title for a very short time, as he was dead before 9 January 1505-6. He had issue:

1. JAMES, who succeeded him.

2. Anthony, Abbot of Glenluce; living 1513.

3. Margaret (Elizabeth according to Douglas), married to William Wood of Bonnytoun. She was his spouse in 1529.

4. Janet, stated to have been married to - Leighton of Ulyshaven. ('Marjorie a woman' had in 1502 a dispensation to marry Walter Lichtoun of Ulyshaven, but there is nothing to connect her with Janet Ogilvy.)
III. JAMES, third Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, succeeded his father before 9 January 1505-6, when he appears as one of the Lords of Council. He had a sasine of lands on 13 October 1505.

He was alive at least till 1513. He married Isobel Lindsay, daughter of Alexander, seventh Earl, and sister of David, eighth Earl of Crawford. He had issue:-

1. JAMES, who succeeded him.

2. John.

3. Archibald.

4. Mary, said to have been married to David Lyon of Cossins, but perhaps she was the Marjorie Ogilvy, wife of John Lyon of Haltoun of Esse, who received a charter of the lands of Haltoun of Esse 4 November 1544.

5. Isobel, stated to have been married to David Strachan of Carmylie.

6. Beatrix, stated to have been married to -- Garden of Leys.

7. Margaret, 'ane of the sisteris of umqullil James, Lord Ogilvy,' grants a discharge with Andrew Gray her spouse to Elinor Sinclair, Lady Ogilvy, in 1552.
IV. JAMES, fourth Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, was served heir to his a father in the Barony of Lintrathen 29 November 1524, and was appointed one of the Extraordinary Lords of Session 5 March 1542. He died before 13 July 1548, but after 27 November 1547, when he was at the siege of Broughty, having outlived his eldest son. He married Elinor Sinclair, daughter of Henry, Lord Sinclair. She survived him, and died before 2 January 1562, when her son Alexander was served heir. Issue :-

I James, Master of Ogilvy, eldest son. See below.

2. Thomas of Westercraig, called second son of the late James, Lord Ogilvy 1548. He died before 1577, when his nephew Lord Ogilvy was served heir. He married, first, previous to the Reformation, Janet Fraser, daughter of Thomas, Lord Lovat, and relict of John Crichton of Ruthven. Thirteen years afterwards, during the lifetime of his first wife, by banns proclaimed in the Kirk of Glenlyon where she was a parishioner, he married Beatrix Chisholm, sister of James Chisholm of Cromlix, but the marriage was annulled by the commissaries at the instance of the Procurator-Fiscal in 1573-74. He had issue by his first wife among 'divers bairns':

(1) Archibald, styled heir-apparent in 1553.
and by Beatrix Chisholm with other issue:

(2) Thomas; his legitimacy is dubious, but he is in 1594, in the Privy Council Records, styled son of the late Thomas Ogilvy of Craigis.
He had also a natural son, John Ogilvy of Westercraig, which lands he transferred in 1603 to John Ogilvy, second son of James, Lord Ogilvy.

3. John of Inverkeiler, ancestor of that family. In 1569 he and his eldest son, John Ogilvy, were accused of the murder of James Ramsay, tutor of the Lowis. He married Katherine Strachan, and died before 1603. His eldest son married (contract 6 November 1574) Elizabeth, daughter of David Betoun of Melgund, and perhaps was father of John Ogilvy of Peill, styled in 1614, 'Oy and heir of John Ogilvy of Inverkeilour.' He had also a daughter, Isabel, who was first wife of Robert Guthrie of Kinblethmont, and died 7 February 1577-78, leaving issue.

4. Archibald.

5. Alexander, mentioned in 13 July 1548, married Margaret Monypenny, relict of David Ogilvy of that Ilk.

6. Helen, married to James, Lord Innermeath.

7. Mariota, married (contract dated 21 September 1537) to Patrick, fifth Lord Gray.

8. Margaret, married before 30 September 1546 to Sir David Graham of Fintry.

9. Agnes, married to Sir Thomas Erskine of Brechin.
JAMES, Master of Ogilvy, died before his father, being killed at the battle of Pinkie 10 September 1547. He had made a will in the Abbey of Cupar in the chamber of the Abbot, on which his wife took an instrument, 30 July 1545, 'In respect of this tribulis tyme and raid against the Inglismen old innerneis of Scotland.' He had married (before 1 October 1539) Katherine Campbell, daughter of Sir John Campbell of Cawdor, Knight. His widow married, as her second husband, David, ninth Earl of Crawford, and had issue. She died in 1574, and was buried at Edzell. Their children were:

1. JAMES, fifth Lord Ogilvy.

2. Archibald and

3. Alexander, called sons of Katherine Campbell, relict of James, Master of Ogilvy, in a tack of the thirds of the Church of Lintrathen.

4. Helen, married, 1559, John Ogilvy, fiar of Innerquharity.

5. Agnes, married John Erskine of Dun.
V. JAMES, fifth Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, succeeded his grandfather. He was born about 1541, and was served heir to his, grandfather 2 October 1563. He joined the Congregation, and was one of the commissioners who ratified the treaty of Berwick 10 May 1560. He was wounded in the attack by the Gordons under Sir John Gordon of Deskford, in Edinburgh, on 27 June 1562, and his right arm was mutilated. In 1563 he was appointed to expel the Clan Gregor from the Braes of Angus. On 8 May 1568 he joined the association in defence of Queen Mary, and was denounced rebel since the sovereign's mother had escaped from Lochleven. He signed a bond, 15 April 1569, recognising the King and the Regent Moray, and in the following July voted against the Queen's divorce from Bothwell.' In 1571-72 he went to France, leaving his wife, 'factor and commissioner.'

In 1576 he was warded in Linlithgow and Glasgow, and discharged in 1578. In 1591 some of his men were slaughtered by highlanders under Argyll's protection, and a feud ensued, there was also a complaint that he had slaughtered certain of the Campbells. In 1596 he was ambassador to Denmark. In 1600 on account of his sons' feuds with the Lindsays of Spynie he was warded in his place of Arbroath. On 21 February 1580-81 he got a charter of confirmation as Bailie of the Abbey of Arbroath. In 1591 his lands in Glenisla were spoiled by the Earl of Argyll's highlanders. He died at Farnell in October 1606, and at his funeral 'thair wes sum superstitious ceremonies and rittes used as gif the professioun of papistrie had been specialie licensed and tolerated.' By his will, dated 21 July 1606, and recorded at Edinburgh 20 March 1607, he leaves his body to be 'buried in my sepultrie in the Isle of the Kirk of Kynnell.'

He married Jean, daughter of William, seventh Lord Forbes, who survived him. They had issue:-

1. JAMES, his successor.

2. Sir John Ogilvy of Craig, was in 1596 declared traitor, and his fortalice of Craig ordered to be demolished in 1600. With his brothers David and Francis he was cited to appear before the Privy Council on account of the slaughter and wounding during the feud with the Lindsays of Spynie, and warded in the Castle of Dumbarton. As a noted Catholic and resetter of Jesuits he was frequently in trouble. He was warded in Edinburgh Castle in 1628, and petitions for relaxation next year on account of harm to 'his aged bodie.' He was placed under bond to go abroad by June, but this was extended until July 1631, under condition that he should reset no priests nor Jesuits nor hear Mass in the meantime. In September 1631 he was again, warded in St. Andrews, but later was allowed to go to his own house of Craig on account of illness. He died before 1644.
He married, first, Elizabeth Crichton 'Lady Aldie,' daughter of John Crichton of Strathurd; secondly -Brown, and lead issue.

3. Mr. David Ogilvy of Pitmowis, married, first (contract dated 1589), Martha, eldest daughter and co-heir of Patrick MacCalzean of Cliftonhall, and of Euphemia MacCalzean his wife, and had two daughters:

(1) Euphemia, with her sister served heirs-portioners to their mother 20 March 1624.

(2) Anna.
He married, secondly (contract 12 August 1599), Nicholas, daughter of Patrick Guthrie of Pitmowis, and had by her two sons:

(3) John, and (4) James.

4. William, mentioned in the entail of 1566. In 1570 he had a pension out of the lands of Kirriemuir and Newtyle from the Commendator of Arbroath.

5. Archibald.

6. Patrick of Muirtown, designed lawful son of James, Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, in his marriage-contract, dated 22-26 May 1599, with Isabella, daughter of James Murray, younger of Smyddiehill, and Isabella Quhytlaw, his spouse. Issue :

(1) George Ogilvy, styled eldest lawful son in 1627. Captain George Ogilvy of Mureton was employed raising soldiers for the wars in 1627. He is stated to have been identical with the 'Baron Ogilvy de Muirton' who was in the imperial service during the Thirty Years War, and became commandant of Spielburg, and who from there wrote, 27 August 1649, to the first Earl of Airlie as his 'chief,' informing him that he had been admitted to the title of earl in Germany as a cadet of the House of Airlie, dying apparently at Vienna 7 June 1661. Baron Ogilvy married Euphrasia Veronica de Reichsperg, by whom he had issue two sons and five daughters. His eldest son,

i. George Benedict, Baron Ogilvy de Muirton, was Marschal de Camp as well as Privy Councillor to the King of Poland. He died at Danzig aged 60, October 1716, and by his wife Marie Anastasia de Brumath, left male descendants existing in Bohemia at least until 1713.

(2) James Ogilvy of Muirton and Cluny (his grandson David Ogilvy of Cluny was served heir-general, 16 March 1737, to his granduncle Colonel George Ogilvy of Muirton as though no descendants of the latter existed) married (contract dated 1653) Catherine, daughter of Mr. Robert Nairne, elder of Strathurd, and widow of Walter, eldest son of Mr. John Stewart of Cluny. He left issue two sons and four daughters. The eldest son was

i. James Ogilvy of Cluny, whose eldest granddaughter Margaret, heiress of Cluny, married (contract dated 5 December 1722) John, fourth Earl of Airlie.

(3) Jane (called 'Lady Jane Ogilvy') married, before 1630, John Ogilvy of Inshewan, with lssue.

7. Francis of Newgrange, alias Gardin of Newgrang he was accused in 1631, with his son and his bastard son Arthur Ogilvy, of molesting Sir Harie Wood of Bonytown Married, first, with 500 merks tocher (contract dated 1592) Helen, only daughter of David Gardin of that Ilk; secondly, before 1633, Elizabeth Adamson.

(1) Sir James Ogilvy of Newgrange, Knight, retoured heir to his father 8 June 1647. He married Margaret Guthrie, who was his wife in 1639, and left issue.
(2) Jean, married Patrick George of Kynnell, sasine 1648.

8. George Ogilvy of Friock, in 1596 called 'dearest brother to James, Master of Ogilvy.' Married Elspet Montgomerie. He had a son James.

9. Margaret, married, first, to George, fifth Earl Marischal; secondly, before 1626, to Alexander Strachan of Thornton. In 1624 she with her own son Keith of Benholm, was accused of removing 'goods, silver work, and tapestry' belonging to her stepson the Earl Marischal. King James wrote, 22 August 1624, instructing the Council to show her no favour.
She and her husband obtained a remission 13 January 1625.

VI JAMES, sixth Lord Ogilvy of Airlie,succeeded his father; was made 'Ordinar Gentleman of the King's Chamber' 15 October 1580. In 1594-95 he was declared traitor for not answering the charge of resetting John Ogilvy of Craig, and in 1597 was with the latter ordered into ward in Edinburgh Castle. In 1599 he was at feud with the Earl of Atholl, and in 1601 with William Rynd of Carse. On his father's resignation as eldest son of James, Lord Ogilvy, he received, 24 December 1566, charter from Henry and Mary of the barony of Lintrathen in tailzie to himself and his heirs-male, whom failing to the heirs-male of John Ogilvy his brother, whom failing to a long series of heirs; a very strange entail, instituting female descendants and distant cadets before some of the nearer male heirs. On 4 November 1611 he had a charter from James, Lord Coupar, of the office of Porter of the Monastery of Cupar and it fruits. He died about 1617. He married, first (before 1588), Jean Ruthven, fourth daughter of William, first Earl of Gowrie, who died 6 January or February 1611; secondly (contract dated 1613), Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Archibald Napier of Edinbellie and Merchiston, who was married, secondly, to Alexander Auchmoutie, Gentleman of the King's Bedchamber, and with her husband carried on a long litigation with her stepson Lord Ogilvy. He asserted that she, during her first husband's illness, had, under cover of night, removed all the writs and papers from Airlie, whereas she alleged that she had been imprisoned by her stepson, and that her servants had been tortured by him. James, sixth Lord Ogilvy had issue:

1. JAMES, who succeeded his father.

2. William, 9 July 1613, brother to Lord Ogilvy, 4 August 1637. He left a natural son, James Ogilvy, a witness of a deed in 1651.

3. Mr. John Ogilvy of Newbigging. He, who is sometimes styled 'In Invergowrie,' from his marriage to Dame Agnes Napier, daughter of Sir Archibald Napier of Edinbellie, widow of Harie Balfour of Logie, and of Sir Patrick Gray of Invergowrie, died in Glenisla 22 November 1625, leaving three daughters.

4. Archibald, a pupil in 1613.

5. Jean, styled eldest daughter of the first marriage in 1615.

6. Margaret, pupil in 1613, sasine 12 October 1643.

7. Elizabeth, married (contract dated 1 November 1620) to George Gordon of Gight

8. James (only child of the second marriage). In 1662 a letter to Lord Ogilvy informs him that his uncle Captain James Ogilvy was lately at London for discovering ane invention and secret he has for preserving ships from sinking, and sends a model, and begs him to 'prosper this business' with the King.
I. and VII. JAMES, first Earl of Airlie, seventh Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, born 1586, succeeded his father about 1617 as Lord Ogilvy. In 1631 he was one of the commissioners to inquire into the causes of the burning of Frendraught. He got, in 1636, from the Privy Council a licence for 'etting of flesh' in Lent. He early joined the Royalist cause.

King Charles I., by patent dated at York, 2 April 1639, created him EARL OF AIRLIE, LORD OGILVY OF ALYTH AND LINTRATHEN, with remainder to his heirsmale.

In July 1640 the Marquess of Argyle, with 5000 men, destroyed his houses of Airlie and Forther, and 'left him not in all his lands a cock to crow day,' a circumstance which gave rise to the song 'The Bonny House o' Airlie.' He went to Court April 1640, but returned and was present at the Covenanting Parliament of 1643. He joined the Marquess of Montrose in September 1644, and with his two sons was exempted from pardon by the Act of Estates 7 August 1645. He was one of those commanding at the battle of Kilsyth, 15 August, and was excommunicated 27 July 1646. He and his son were exempted from pardon 11 February 1646, and his forfeiture not rescinded until 17 March 1647. In 1664 he writes that he 'can not get anywhares abroad for my age and infirmitie, I being thre scoir and eighteen yeirs,' and he died soon afterwards, thus finishing a long, active life of loyalty. He married (contract dated 22 November 1610) Lady Isobel Hamilton, second daughter of Thomas, first Earl of Haddington. She was born 18 February 1596, and survived him. They had issue:

1. JAMES, second earl.

2. Sir Thomas Ogilvy, born 23 August 1616, Gentleman Pensioner of the Privy Chamber. He was killed fighting on the Royalist side at the battle of Inverlochy, 2 February 1645. He married (contract dated 21 March and 28 October 1640) Christian Ruthven, Lady of Fernilee, eldest daughter of Patrick, Earl of Forth and Brentford, relict of Colonel Thomas Ker of Fernilee, with issue, two daughters:

(1) Clara, married (contract dated 22 August 1664) Robert Fletcher in Ballinschoe.

(2) Christina, married Sir James Ramsay of Bamf.

3. Sir David Ogilvy of Clova, Knight, an ardent Royalist. He was M.P. for Forfarshire 1669-72 and 1681-82, married in 1667 Margaret Hamilton, widow of John Kennedy of Culzean, eldest daughter of John, first Lord Bargeny, with issue:

(1) David Ogilvy of Clova. He died in 1726, leaving no issue.

4. Margaret, married (contract dated 17-18 February 1631) to Patrick Urquhart of Lethintie and Meldrum. She assisted her brother, Lord Ogilvy, to escape in her attire from prison in 1646.

5. Helen, married (contract dated 23 November 1642) to Sir John Carnegy of Balnamoon.

6. Isabel, born 5 April 1618. In 1650 she obtained a bond for 14,000 merks in tocher good.
II. and VIII. JAMES, second Earl of Airlie, was born about 1611, and, in 1630, was still being educated with his brothers under a tutor at St. Andrews. Like his father and all his family, he early embarked in the wars on the side of the King, and held Airlie Castle against the Earls of Montrose and Kinghorn 1640, but was forced to surrender. He was declared a rebel and exempted from pardon. In February 1643 he went to Court with Montrose, and in July was therefore charged with high treason. He acted as Montrose's aide-de-camp, was taken prisoner and imprisoned in the Tolbooth, but was liberated after the battle of Kilsyth. He was again taken prisoner after Philiphaugh, 18 September 1645, and condemned to death, but escaped from the Castle of St. Andrews the night before his execution, leaving changed clothes with his sister Lady Margaret Urquhart ('Lady Meldrum'), 20 January 1646, and was not betrayed, although a reward of £1000 sterling was offered for him dead or alive. He was pardoned by Act of Parliament, 7 June and 9 July 1649, and gave satisfaction to the Kirk. He joined King Charles II. at Scone in 1650, and was afterwards captured at Alyth by Cromwell's troops and imprisoned in the Tower of London (with a short interval) until January 1657. After the Restoration he received a pension from King Charles II., which was very irregularly paid, commanded a troop of horse, and was sworn a Privy Councillor. He declared for the Prince of Orange, but was fined £1200 Scots for not attending the Parliament, and in 1693 he was on account of age excused from attending Parliament. He died after 1698 and before 1704, being described as 'a little light man . . . always very loyall, and a great follower of his cousin the great Marquess of Montrose.' A matrimonial project he had with Lady Magdalene Carnegie, afterwards wife of the Marquess of Montrose, not being carried out, he married (contract dated 20-25 March 1629) Helen Ogilvy, eldest daughter George, first Lord Banff. She was the Lady Ogilvy of the burning of Airlie, and was, after the destruction of her husband's castles by Argyll, forced (though with child) to flee with her children to Dundee. She died after February 1664. He married, secondly (contract dated 31 October 1668), Marie, Marchioness-dowager of Huntly, daughter of Sir John Grant of Freuchie and widow of Lewis, third Marquess of Huntly. As a Catholic she was excommunicated, and her marriage was arranged with great difficulty. She survived her husband.

He left issue by his first marriage:

1. James, baptized at Banff, 6 August 1633, died young.

2. DAVID, succeeded his father.

3. Anne, married, with a tocher of 6000 merks (contract dated 10-13 February 1660), to Sir John Wood of Bonnytoun.

4. Margaret, married, first, to Alexander, second Lord Halkerton, and, secondly, to Patrick Lyall.

5. Marion, married, first (contract dated 11 October 1666), to James, Lord Coupar; secondly, 31 July 1669, to John, third Lord Lindores.

6. Helen, married (contract dated 3 March 1686) to Sir John Gordon of Park.

7. Elizabeth, baptized at Alyth, March 1650.
III. and IX. DAVID, third Earl of Airlie, was until 1664 under the care of Mr. George Halyburton, afterwards Bishop of Dunkeld, for his education, at the cost of 200 merks a year. He was sent to France about 1665, with John Ogilvy as his governor, and settled at Orleans, where he is described by a friend, 'I know not what for a man he'll prove, but I have heard him speak very fat nonsense whiles.' He returned from France with Lord George Douglas after 6 March 1666, and after staying for some time in London, returned to Scotland. He was served heir to his father in 1704. His will is dated 22 March 1716, and recorded at Edinburgh 17 August 1727.

He married (contract dated 17 April and 8 May 1696) Grizel Lyon, eldest daughter of Patrick, Earl of Kinghorn and Strathmore, and had issue:

1. James, Lord Ogilvy, titular Earl of Airlie. He was, with his brother, educated in Dundee; joined the Jacobite rising under the Earl of Mar, 1715, and was during his father's lifetime attainted by Act of Parliament, 1 George I. cap. 43. He died 12 January 1731, and was buried in the Chapel Royal of Holyroodhouse. He married, 6 December 1730, Anne, daughter of David Erskine of Dun, but had no issue, and she was married, secondly, in April 1733 to Sir Alexander MacDonald of Sleat, seventh baronet, and died 27 November 1735, aged twenty-seven.

2. John, fourth earl.

3. Helen, died unmarried. The account for the expenses of her funeral is dated 1721, and her testament recorded 18 July 1722.
IV. and X. JOHN, fourth Earl of Airlie, born about 1699, assumed the title only on the death of his brother in 1731. He remained passive during the Jacobite rising of 1745, while his eldest son went to join Prince Charles Edward. He died at Cortachy in his sixtysecond year, 24 July 1761. He married (contract dated 5 December 1722) Margaret, eldest daughter and heiress of David Ogilvy of Cluny. She died in 1767, having had issue:

1. DAVID, his heir.

2. Walter, of whom afterwards.
V. and XI. DAVID, Lord Ogilvy, titular Earl of Airlie, born at Cortachy 16 February 1725, and educated at Perth. He joined Prince Charles Edward at Edinburgh, 3 October 1745, at the head of over six hundred men of his own name or from among his tenants. He marched with the Jacobite forces into England, was one of the Prince's council, commanded the cavalry during the retreat to the north, and fought at Culloden. After the defeat he lay hidden at Cortachy, but escaped by a boat on the Tay to Norway, where he was detained a prisoner, but escaped later to Sweden, and then proceeded to France. He was given the command by the French King of a regiment of foot called 'Le Regiment Ogilvy,' rose to the rank of lieutenantgeneral, was much at court, and known as 'Le bel Ecossais.' He is said to have been high in favour with Queen Marie Leczinska. He was attainted by Act of Parliament, 19 George II. 26, but relieved under a free pardon under the Great Seal, 30 May 1778, and an Act of Parliament removed 'certain disabilities,' 23 George III. 34. He declined Napoleon's offer to continue his French pension, and died at Cortachy 3 March 1813.

He married, first (an elopement), Margaret, daughter of Sir James Johnstone of Westerhall, Bart., and niece of Patrick Murray, Lord Elibank, who was born 30 October 1724. She joined the Jacobite camp at Glasgow, and shared all the dangers of the campaign with her husband until just before Culloden. She was taken prisoner at Inverness, and sent to Edinburgh, but managed, 24 November 1746, to escape from prison to France.

She was brave enough to return to Scotland for the birth of her son, but went back to France, where she died in 1757.

Secondly, in 1770, Anne, third daughter of James Stewart of Blairhall; she died s. p. at Airlie Lodge, Dundee, 27 December 1798. He had issue by his first marriage:

1. DAVID Ogilvy, titular Earl of Airlie, born at Auchterhouse 4 December 1751: being mentally affected, he never assumed the title, and died unmarried at Kinalty, 6 April 1812.

2. Margaret, born at Boulogne 23 June, and baptized at the parish church of St. Nicolas there 24 June 1748, married at Cortachy, 26 November 1769, to Sir John Wedderburn of Ballindean, Bart. She died at Ballindean 23 March 1775, having had issue.

3. Johanna, born at Paris 1755-56, died unmarried in France 1826.
WALTER OGILVY of Clova, second son of John, fourth Earl of Airlie, was born in 1733, and was admitted advocate 19 February 1757. He became, on the death of his nephew David, son of David, Lord Ogilvy, titular Earl of Airlie, heir-male of the fourth Earl, and laid his claim to the assumed titles before the House of Lords, but died at Cortachy 10 April 1819, before any decision was given. He married, first, Margaret, daughter of William Fullarton, and sister of Colonel William Fullarton of Spynie, who died without issue, at Balnaboth, 3 June 1780; secondly, at Forfar, 12 November 1780, Jean, daughter of John Ogilvy of Murkle, physician in Forfar, by Margaret, (daughter of John Ogilvy of Inshewan. She died at Cortachy, aged fifty-six, 11 June 1818, and had issue:

1. John, captain, First Regiment of Foot, died at Berbice, 1809.

2. DAVID, sixth earl.

3. Donald Ogilvy of Clova H.E.I.C.S., born May 1788, M.P. for Forfarshire 3 October 1831 to January 1832, died 30 December 1863. Married, February 1815, Maria, fourth daughter of James Morley, Esquire, who died 9 April 1843, and had issue :

(1) Walter, horn 30 August 1822, died 30 April 1894, married 1879, Ellen, daughter of Alexander Smith, with issue:

i. Walter Donald Duncan, born 5 November 1883.

ii. Dorothea Sophia Elizabeth, born 15 August 1889.

(2) Donald, born 28 June 1824, died 19 January 1885, married, 26 September 1867,Annie Sarah, second daughter of John Ogilvy of Inshewan.

(3) David, born 1826, died 20 July 1857.

(4)Jean, died 24 September 1863, married, l9 December 1&39, to Field-Marshal Sir John Forster Fitzgerald, G.C.B., M.P. who died 24 March 1877.

(5) Dorothea Maria, died 27 June 1895.

(6) Henriette Anne Mary, married, 18 September 1844, to Duncan Stewart Robertson of Carronvale, and died 22 April 1849, having had issue.

(7) Julia Clementina, married, 12 June 1&55, to Captain Kenneth Bruce Stuart, Sixty-third Regiment, and died 12 August 1857, having had issue.

4. Charles, died at Balnabothl 28 March 1791.

5. William of Loyal, Commander R.N., M.P. for Forfar Burghs 28 March to 23 April 1831, died unmarried 10 April 1871.

6. Margaret, married at Cortachy, 25 June 1805, to John, eighth Viscount Arbuthnott. She died 12 December 1870, having had issue.

7. Susan, died 2 May 1787.

8. Anne, died in 1848.

9. Jean, died at Cortachy 25 November 1807, in her twenty-first year.

10. Mary, died 1 October 1868.

11. Helen, born at Balnaboth 12 February 1798, married, at Airlie, 30 April 1823, to John Wedderburn of the Prospect, Jamaica; she died at Rosebank, 27 April 1868, and was buried at Roslin chapel, leaving had issue.
VI. and XII. DAVID, sixth Earl of Airlie, born 16 December 1785. On his father's death he renewed the claim to the honours before the House of Lords, who decided that his succession was barred by the attainder. The titles were, however, restored by Act of Parliament 26 May 1826. He was captain Forty-second Highlanders, Lord-Lieutenant of Forfarshire, and a Representative Peer 1833-34. He died 20 August 1849: married, first, 7 October 1812, Clementina, only child and heiress of Gavin Drummond of Keltie and Clementina, sister and co-heiress of Alexander Graham of Duntrune, who died 1 September 1835; and secondly, 15 November 1838, Margaret, only child of William Bruce of Cowden, who died 17 June 1845. He had issue by his first wife:

1. DAVID GRAHAM DRUMMOND, who succeeded him.

2. Jean Graham Drummond, married 5 June 1837, to John, ninth Viscount Arbuthnott, and died 4 March 1902.

3. Clementina Drummond, married, 17 July 1838, to James Rait of Anniston, and died 16 October 1848, having had issue.

4. Maria Aline, born in 1827.

5. Helen Susanna Catherine Gertrude, born in 1838, married, 31 May 1859, to George Augustus Pepper-Stavely, B.C.S., and died s. p. 26 April 1862.
By his second wife:

6. William Henry Bruce Ogilvy, lieutenant Twenty-sixth Foot, and captain third battalion Black Watch, born 26 February 1840, married, 4 April 1866, Sarah, eldest daughter of Henry Boyder, Seventy-sixth Regiment. She died s. p. 19 December 1889.

7. James Bruce Ogilvy, lieutenant, Fifth Brigade, Royal Artillery, born 1 December 1841, died 15 May 1888.

8. John Bruce Ogilvy, born 17 June 1845.

9. Donald Bruce Ogilvy (twin), born 17 June 1845, died 16 December 1890.
VII. and XIII. DAVID GRAHAM DRUMMOND, seventh Earl of Airlie, K.T., born 4 May 1826, succeeded his father, was a Representative Peer of Scotland 1850-81, Lord High Commissioner to the Church of Scotland 1872-3. He died at Denver, Colorado, U.S.A., 25 September 1881, having married, 23 September 1851, Henrietta Blanche Stanley, second daughter of Edward John, second Lord Stanley of Alderley, and had issue:

1. DAVID WILLIAM STANLEY, succeeded his father.

2. Lyulph Gilchrist Stanley, D.S.O., born 25 June 1861. Served in the South African War 1899-1901. Married, in 1902, Edith Boothroyd, Lovelauds, Colorado, U.S.A., and has issue.

3. Henrietta Blanche, born 8 November 1852, married, 21 September 1878, to Colonel Henry Montagu Hozier, C.B., late Third Dragoon Guards, and has issue.

4. Clementina Gertrude Helen, born 19 June 1854, married, 31 December 1874, to Algernon Bertram, first Baron Redesdale, C.B., C.V.O., and has issue.

5. Maude Josepha, born 16 November 1859, married, 12 October 1886, to Theodore Whyte of Estes Park, U.S.A., who died in 1902, and had issue.

6. Griselda Johanna Helen, born 20 December 1865, married, 22 December 1897, to James Cheape of Strathtyrum, and has issue.
VIII. and XIV. DAVID WILLIAM STANLEY, eighth Earl of Airlie, born at Florence 20 January 1856, succeeded his father. Educated at Eton and Baliol College, Oxford, he entered the army and was gazetted to the 10th Hussars, and in 1882 was present at the battle of Tamai, and was brigademajor to Sir Herbert Stewart in the Soudan War, being wounded in the hand at Abu Klea 7 January 1885. Became adjutant of the Hampshire Yeomanry in 1889, second in command of the Second Dragoon Guards in 1896, and in December 1897 was gazetted colonel of the Twelfth Lancers. With this regiment he fought in the South African War, and was killed in action after recovering the guns by a gallant charge at Diamond Hill, Transvaal, 11 June 1900. He married, 19 January 1886, Mabell Frances Elizabeth Gore, daughter of Arthur, sixth Earl of Arran, Lady of the Bedchamber to H.R.H. the Princess of Wales, and had issue:

1. DAVID LYULPH GORE WOLSELEY, succeeded his father.

2. Bruce Arthur Ashley, born 15 March 1895.

3. Patrick Julian Harry Stanley, born 25 June 1896.

4. Kitty Edith Blanche, born 5 February 1887.

5. Helen Alice Willington, born 21 November 1890.

6. Mabell Griselda Esther Sudley, born 22 January 1892.
IX. and XV. DAVID LYULPH GORE WOLSELEY OGILVY, ninth Earl of Airlie, born at Cahir, Tipperary, Ireland, 18 July 1893, succeeded his father.

ARMS.-Argent, a lion passant guardant gules, crowned with an imperial crown and collared with an open one proper.

CREST.-A lady from the waist upwards affrontée azure, holding a portcullis gules.

SUPPORTERS.-Two bulls sable unguled and horned vert, with a garland of flowers about their necks proper.

Motto.-A Fin.
[A. F. S.]
The title Earl of Airlie was created in the Peerage of Scotland in 1639 for James, Lord Ogilvy.

In 1715, James Ogilvy, son of the third Earl, took part in a Jacobite uprising against the Crown, and was therefore punished by being attained; consequently, at his father's death two years later, he was unable to inherit the title. He was, however, pardoned in 1725. At his death, his brother John was recognised as the Earl, but John's son David was also attained, but later pardoned. Then, a cousin, also named David Ogilvy, claimed the title, suggesting that the previous attainders did not affect its succession, but the House of Lords rejected his claim. Parliament later passed an Act completely reversing the attainders; therefore, David Ogilvy was allowed to assume the title. In the list of earls below, the attainders are therefore disregarded for the purpose of numbering.

Other titles held by the Earl are: Lord Ogilvy of Airlie (created 1491) and Lord Ogilvy of Alyth and Lintrathen (1639). Both are in the Peerage of Scotland.

The family seats are Airlie Castle and Cortachy Castle, near Forfar, Angus, Scotland.

Contents [hide]
1 Family History
2 Lords Ogilvy of Airlie (1491)
3 Earls of Airlie (1639)
4 References

Family History
Ogilvy, the name of a celebrated Scottish family of which the Earl of Airlie is the head. The family was probably descended from Gillebride, Earl of Angus, who received lands from William the Lion. Sir Walter Ogilvy (d. 1440) of Lintrathen, lord high treasurer of Scotland from 1425 to 1431, was the son of Sir Walter Ogilvy of Wester Powrie and Auchterhouse, a man, says Andrew of Wyntoun, "stout and manfull, bauld and wycht," who was killed in 1392. He built a castle at Airlie in Forfarshire, and left two sons. The elder of these, Sir John Ogilvy (d. c. 1484), was the father of Sir James Ogilvy (c. 1430-c. 1504), who was made a Lord of Parliament in 1491; and the younger, Sir Walter Ogilvy, was the ancestor of the Earls of Findlater. The Earldom of Findlater, bestowed on James Ogilvy, Lord Ogilvy of Deskford, in 1638, was united in 1711 with the Earldom of Seafield and became dormant after the death of James Ogilvy, the 7th earl, in October 1811.

Sir James Ogilvy's descendant, James Ogilvy, 5th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie (c. 1541-1606), a son of James Ogilvy, master of Ogilvy, who was killed at the Battle of Pinkie in 1547, took a leading part in Scottish politics during the reigns of Mary and of James VI. His grandson, James Ogilvy (c. 1593-1666), was created Earl of Airlie by Charles I. at York in 1639. A loyal partisan of the king, he joined Montrose in Scotland in 1644 and was one of the royalist leaders at the Battle of Kilsyth. The destruction of the earl's castles of Airlie and of Forther in 1640 by the Earl of Argyll, who "left him not in all his lands a cock to crow day," gave rise to the song "The bonny house o'Airlie." His eldest son, James, the 2nd earl (c. 1615-c. 1704) also fought among the royalists in Scotland; in 1644 he was taken prisoner, but he was released in the following year as a consequence of Montrose's victory at Kilsyth. He was again a prisoner after the Battle of Philiphaugh and was sentenced to death in 1646, but he escaped from his captivity at St. Andrews and was afterwards pardoned. Serving with the Scots against Cromwell he became a prisoner for the third time in 1651, and was in the Tower of London during most of the years of the Commonwealth. He was a fairly prominent man under Charles II and James II, and in 1689 he ranged himself on the side of William of Orange. This earl's grandson, James Ogilvy (d. 1731), took part in the Jacobite Rising of 1715 and was attainted; consequently on his father's death in 1717 he was not allowed to succeed to the earldom, although he was pardoned in 1725. When he died his brother John (d. 1761) became earl de jure, and John's son David (1725-1803) joined the standard of Prince Charles Edward Stuart in 1745. He was attainted, and after the defeat of the prince at Culloden escaped to Norway and Sweden, afterwards serving in the French army, where he commanded "le regiment Ogilvy" and was known as "le bel Ecossais." In 1778 he was pardoned and was allowed to return to Scotland, and his family became extinct when his son David died unmarried in April 1812. After this event David's cousin, another David Ogilvy (1785-1849), claimed the earldom. He asserted that he was unaffected by the two attainders, but the House of Lords decided that these barred his succession; however, in 1826 the attainders were reversed by Act of Parliament and David became 6th earl of Airlie. He died on 20 August 1849 and was succeeded by his son, David Graham Drummond Ogilvy (1826-1881), who was a Scottish representative peer for over thirty years. The latter's son, David Stanley William Drummond Ogilvy, the 8th earl (1856-1900), served in Egypt in 1882 and 1885, and was killed on the nth of June 1900 during the Boer War while at the head of his regiment, the 12th Lancers. His titles then passed to his son, David Lyulph Gore Wolseley Ogilvy, the 9th earl (1893-1968), the father of the present earl.

A word may be said about other noteworthy members of the Ogilvy family. John Ogilvy, also known as Powrie Ogilvy, was a political adventurer who professed to serve King James VI as a spy and who certainly served William Cecil in this capacity. Mariota Ogilvy (d. 1575) was the mistress of Cardinal Beaton. Sir George Ogilvy (d. 1663), a supporter of Charles I during the struggle with the Covenanters, was created a peer as lord of Banff in 1642; this dignity became dormant, or extinct, on the death of his descendant, William Ogilvy, the 8th lord, in June 1803. Sir George Ogilvy of Barras (d. c. 1679) defended Dunnottar Castle against Cromwell in 1651 and 1652, and was instrumental in preventing the regalia of Scotland from falling into his hands; in 1660 he was created a baronet, the title becoming extinct in 1837.

NB The numbering of the titles vary, depending on whether the attainted holders of the earldom and their successor are counted or not.

See Sir R. Douglas, Peerage of Scotland, new ed. by Sir J. B. Paul (1904 fol.).

Lords Ogilvy of Airlie (1491)
James Ogilvy, 1st Lord Ogilvy of Airlie (1430-1504)
John Ogilvy, 2nd Lord Ogilvy of Airlie
James Ogilvy, 3rd Lord Ogilvy of Airlie
James Ogilvy, 4th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie (d. 1549)
James Ogilvy, 5th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie (d. 1606)
James Ogilvy, 6th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie (d. 1617)
James Ogilvy, 7th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie (1586-1665) (became Earl of Airlie in 1639)
Earls of Airlie (1639)
James Ogilvy, 1st Earl of Airlie (1586-1665)
James Ogilvy, 2nd Earl of Airlie (c. 1615-1703)
David Ogilvy, 3rd Earl of Airlie (d. 1717)
James Ogilvy, 4th Earl of Airlie (d. 1731)
John Ogilvy, 5th Earl of Airlie (1699-1761)
David Ogilvy, 6th Earl of Airlie (1725-1803)
David Ogilvy, 7th Earl of Airlie (1751-1812)
Walter Ogilvy, 8th Earl of Airlie (1733-1819)
David Ogilvy, 9th Earl of Airlie (1785-1849)
David Graham Drummond Ogilvy, 10th Earl of Airlie (1826-1881)
David William Stanley Ogilvy, 11th Earl of Airlie (1856-1900)
David Lyulph Gore Wolseley Ogilvy, 12th Earl of Airlie (1893-1968)
David George Patrick Coke Ogilvy, 13th Earl of Airlie (b. 1926)
The Heir Apparent is David John Ogilvy, Lord Ogilvy (b. 9 March 1958)
His heir: David Huxley Ogilvy, Master of Ogilvy (b. 11 Dec 1991)
This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
Retrieved from ""

More About Alexander* Ogilvy:
Degree 1: 14th Great grandfather from Leo Moss' maternal side.
Degree 2: 14th Cousin 22 x removed from John Fink's maternal side.
Degree 3: Half 11th Cousin 17x removed from John Fink's maternal side.
Degree 4: Half 7th cousin 17x removed from Leo Moss maternal side.
Occupation: Sheriff of Angus.

Children of Alexander* Ogilvy and Janet Gray are:
  1. +Margaret* Ogilvy, b. 31 May 1443, Bletsoe Castle, Bedfordshire, England, d. 29 Jun 1509, Abbott's House, Cheyney Gates, Westminster Abbey, London, England.
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