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View Tree for Jacob ben ISAACJacob ben ISAAC

Jacob ben ISAAC (son of Rebekah "Rebecca" bint BETHUEL)was born in Haran, Padan-aram , died in Rameses, Goshen, EGYPT . He married Leah bint LEBAN.

 Includes NotesNotes for Jacob ben ISAAC:
Jacob
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This is an article about Jacob in the Hebrew Bible. For other uses of the name, see Jacob (disambiguation).
It has been suggested that Yaqub be merged into this article or section. (Discuss)
Jacob or Ya'akov, ('???????, Standard Hebrew Ya?aqov, Tiberian Hebrew Ya?aqo?; Arabic ????? Ya?qub, Ge'ez ???? Ya?iqob), also called Israel (??????????, Standard Hebrew Yisra?el, Tiberian Hebrew Yisra?el; Arabic ??????? Isra?il; Ge'ez ????? Isra?el) is the third Biblical patriarch. His father is Isaac, and his grandfather is Abraham. He plays a major part in some of the later events in the Book of Genesis.


Jacob Wrestling with the Angel – Gustave Doré, 1855


Contents [hide]
1 Jacob described in the Hebrew Bible
1.1 Buying the birthright
1.2 The paternal blessing
1.3 In the house of Laban
1.4 Return to Canaan
1.5 Jacob and Joseph
2 Other references to Jacob
3 Jacob's sons
4 Rabbinical teachings about Jacob
5 Jacob in Islam
6 See also
7 Reference



[edit]
Jacob described in the Hebrew Bible
Jacob was born 20 years after Isaac and Rebekah were married, at which time his father was 60 (Genesis. 25:26), and Abraham was 160 years old. He and his twin brother, Esau, were markedly different in appearance and behavior. Esau was a ruddy hunter, while Jacob was a gentle man who "dwelled in tents," interpreted by many biblical commentators as a mark of his studiousness and reserved personality.

During Rebekah's pregnancy, "the children struggled together within her" (Genesis 25:22). According to Rashi, whenever Rebekah passed a house of learning, Jacob would struggle to get out; whenever she passed a house of idolatry, Esau would struggle to get out. Fearing that she was carrying one rather schizophrenic child, Rebekah questioned God about the tumult and learned that two children were in her womb, who would become two very different nations. They would always be in competition, and eventually, the elder would serve the younger. She did not tell her husband Isaac about this prophecy, but remembered it later when she told Jacob to go to his father in place of Esau to receive the paternal blessing.

Esau was born first. Right behind was his brother Jacob, who was grasping onto Esau's heel. Thus he was named Yaakov - ????, from the Hebrew root ???, "heel." The commentators explain that Jacob was trying to hold Esau back from being the firstborn and claiming the Abrahamic legacy for himself.

According to the text, Jacob was favored by his mother, while Esau was favored by his father.

[edit]
Buying the birthright
Until the age of 15, the twins were raised in the same environment and exposed to the same teachings of their father Isaac and grandfather Abraham. On the day Abraham died, however, Esau went out to the field (according to Rashi, he abandoned the Torah path that day and committed the three cardinal sins—murder, idol worship, and adultery), and returned famished. He saw Jacob preparing a pot of lentils (the traditional dish prepared for a mourner—in this case, Isaac, who was mourning the death of his father) and asked Jacob for some of that "red, red stuff." For this reason, Esau was also called Edom - ???? - "red." Jacob demanded that Esau sell him his birthright in exchange. Noting that the birthright was useless to him if he died, Esau agreed, and the exchange was made. In the words of the Bible, Esau "despised" his birthright.

This birthright included not only the traditional Biblical birthright, which granted superior rank in the family (Gen. 49:3), a double portion of the paternal inheritance (Deut. 21:17), and the priestly office in the family (Num. 8:17–19), but the Abrahamic blessing as well, which promised the seed in which all the nations of the earth were to be blessed. However, Esau well knew the prophecy which Abraham had received from God (Genesis 15:13-14) that his seed would first be enslaved for 400 years before returning to their own land. This prophecy referred to the enslavement of the Jewish people in Egypt. Esau wanted none of that, so he agreed to forfeit the right to be God's chosen people.

[edit]
The paternal blessing
When Isaac grew old and was blind, he decided to bless his eldest son before he died. He sent Esau out in the fields to hunt down some meat and prepare him a meal, after which he would receive his blessing. (According to the Jewish commentators, since the blessing would be prophetic, and prophecy only rests on one who is in a joyful state of mind, Isaac desired to first eat meat and drink wine to arouse himself to happiness.)

Rebekah overheard this exchange. As Esau went out to the hunt, she instructed Jacob to fetch her two goats so that she could prepare a tasty meal for his father, and commanded him to bring the meal to Isaac to receive the blessing in his brother's stead. Jacob protested that his father might notice the substitution through touch, since Esau was hairy and he was smooth. Rebekah told him not to worry, and placed hairy goatskins over his neck and arms.

Thus disguised, Jacob went into his father's tent. Isaac was surprised that he had returned so soon from the "hunt." "Who are you, my son?" Isaac asked suspiciously. "I am Esau your firstborn," Jacob replied (the Hebrew words, however, can be divided into two statements: "I" and "Esau is your firstborn"). Isaac was still suspicious and asked to feel him, since Esau was hairy. The goatskins seemed to fool him, though he maintained, "The voice is the voice of Jacob, but the hands are the hands of Esau." Nevertheless, Isaac blessed him.

As soon as Jacob left the tent, Esau arrived and exposed the deception. Isaac was shaken, but affirmed that Jacob would indeed be blessed. To Esau's pathetic entreaties, he agreed to give Esau a lesser blessing. Esau exclaimed, "Is that why he is called Jacob (????), because he has deceived me (???????) these two times?" (Genesis 27:35), another play on Jacob's name. Then Esau swore to himself that he would kill Jacob in revenge as soon as his father was dead.

[edit]
In the house of Laban
Rebekah prophetically intuited Esau's murderous intentions, and commanded Jacob to flee to the house of her brother, Laban, until Esau's rage subsided. His trip would serve the double purpose of finding a wife, as Laban had two daughters, Leah and Rachel.

En route to Haran, Jacob experienced a vision in which he saw a ladder reaching into heaven with angels going up and down it, a vision that is commonly referred to as Jacob's Ladder. From the top of the ladder he heard the voice of God, who repeated many of the blessings upon him. According to Rashi, this ladder signified the exiles which the Jewish people would suffer before the coming of the Messiah. The angels that represented the exiles of Babylonia, Persia, and Greece climbed "up" very high before falling "down," but the last exile, that of Rome/Edom (whose guardian angel was Esau himself) kept climbing higher and higher into the clouds. Jacob feared that his children would never be free of Esau's domination, but God assured him that at the End of Days, Edom too would come falling down.

Jacob awoke in the morning and continued on his way to Haran. He stopped by the well where the shepherds were gathering their flocks to water them and met Laban's younger daughter, his cousin Rachel. He loved her immediately, and after spending a month with his relatives, asked for her hand in marriage in return for working seven years for Laban.

These seven years seemed to Jacob "but a few days, for the love he had for her," but when they were complete, Laban deceived Jacob by switching his older daughter, Leah, as the veiled bride. According to the traditional, Midrashic interpretation of the story, both Jacob and Rachel suspected that Laban would pull such a trick, for he was known as the "Aramean" (deceiver), and changed Jacob's wages hundreds of times during his employ. The couple devised a series of signs by which Jacob could identify the veiled bride, but when Rachel saw her sister being taken out to the wedding canopy, her heart went out to her and the public shame she would suffer if she was exposed. Therefore she gave Leah the signs so that Jacob would not realize the switch.

In the morning, when the truth became known, Laban justified himself, saying that in their country it was unheard of to give the younger daughter before the older. However, he agreed to give Rachel in marriage as well if Jacob worked another seven years for him. After the week of wedding celebrations with Leah, Jacob married Rachel, and continued to work for Laban another seven years.

The Bible states that Jacob loved Rachel more than anything in the world, and Leah felt hated. God opened Leah's womb and she gave birth to four sons in succession: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah. Rachel, however, was barren, and gave Jacob her handmaid Bilhah in marriage so she could raise children through her. Bilhah gave birth to Dan and Naphtali. Seeing that she had left off childbearing temporarily, Leah then gave her handmaid Zilpah to Jacob in marriage so she could raise more children through her. Zilpah gave birth to Gad and Asher. (According to some opinions, Bilhah and Zilpah were younger daughters of Laban). Afterwards, Leah became fertile again and gave birth to Issachar, Zebulun, and Dinah. At this point, God remembered Rachel, who gave birth to Joseph. Various interpretations of biblical passages suggest that Jacob's favoritism of Rachel over Leah passed over to their children; some commentators feel that this plays an important role in the later attempt on Joseph's life by his half-brothers.

Around the time that Joseph was born, Jacob desired to return home to his parents, but Laban was reluctant to release him. God had blessed his flock on account of Jacob. Now Laban offered to pay Jacob, and Jacob proposed an unusual deal. He suggested that Laban remove all the spotted, speckled and brown goats and sheep from the flock; whichever ones would be born after that would be Jacob's wages. Left alone, Jacob planted rods of poplar, hazel, and chestnut in front of the flocks' watering holes, and when the animals saw them, they gave birth to spotted, speckled and brown foals. Thus Jacob became quite wealthy.

As time passed, Laban's sons noticed that Jacob was taking the better part of their flocks, and Laban's friendly attitude towards Jacob began to change. God told Jacob he should now leave, and he and his wives and children did so without informing Laban. Before they left, Rachel stole all the religious icons from Laban's house.

Laban, in a rage, pursued Jacob for seven days. The night before he caught up to him, God spoke to him in a dream and warned him not to say anything good or bad to Jacob. When the two met, Laban played the part of the injured father-in-law and also demanded his religious icons back. Knowing nothing about Rachel's theft of the icons, Jacob told Laban that whoever stole them should die, and offered to let him search. When Laban reached Rachel's tent, she hid the icons by sitting on them. Jacob and Laban parted from each other in peace, Laban returning home and Jacob continuing on his way.

[edit]
Return to Canaan

Jacob struggles with the angel, by RembrandtAs Jacob neared the land of Canaan, he sent messengers ahead to his brother Esau. They returned with the news that Esau was coming to meet Jacob with an army of 400 men. In great apprehension, Jacob prepared for the worst. He felt that he must now depend only on God, and he betook himself to Him in earnest prayer, then sent on before him a munificent present to Esau, "a present to my lord Esau from thy servant Jacob."

Jacob then transported his family and flocks back across the ford Jabbok, then crossed over towards the direction from which Esau would come, spending the night alone, in communion with God. There, a mysterious being ("a man", according to Genesis 32:24, or "the angel", according to Hosea 12:4) appeared and wrestled with Jacob until daybreak. When he saw he could not defeat Jacob, he touched him on the sinew of his thigh (the gid hanasheh - ??? ????). As a result, the Israelites would not consume that part of an animal's thigh from that point on (Genesis 32:33). This incident still has an impact on many Jews today, as Orthodox Jews will not eat the area containing the gid hanasheh (commonly identified as the sciatic nerve) on an otherwise kosher animal.

Jacob then demanded a blessing, and the mysterious being said that from now on, Jacob would be called Israel (Hebrew ?????? Yisra'el or Yisra’el, meaning "one who has struggled with God"). Jacob then asked the being's name, but the being refused to answer. Afterwords Jacob named the place Pnei-el (Penuel, meaning "face of God"), saying "I have seen God face to face and lived."

Because of the ambiguous and varying terminology, and because the being refused to reveal its name, there are varying views as to whether this mysterious being was a man, an angel, or God Himself. According to Rashi, he was the guardian angel of Esau himself, sent to destroy Jacob before he could return to the land of Canaan. Trachtenberg theorizes that the being refused to identify itself for fear that if its secret name was known, it would have been conjurable by incantations (Trachtenberg 1939, p. 80). Some commentators, however, argue that the stranger was God Himself, citing Jacob's own words and the name he assumed thereafter ("One who has struggled with God"). They point out that although later holy scriptures maintain that God does not manifest as a mortal, several instances of it arguably occurs in Genesis, for example, in 18:1, with Abraham.

In the morning Jacob assembled his wives and 11 sons, placing Rachel and her children in the rear and Leah and her children in the front. Some commentators cite this placement as proof that Jacob continued to favor Rachel's children over Leah's, as presumably the rear position would be safer from a frontal assault by Esau, which Jacob feared. Jacob himself took the foremost position. Esau's spirit of revenge, however, had by this time been appeased by Jacob's bounteous gift of camels, goats and flocks. Their reunion was an emotional one. Esau offered to accompany them on their way back to Israel, but Jacob protested that his children were still young and tender; they would eventually catch up with Esau at Mount Seir. According to the Sages, this was a prophetic reference to the End of Days, when Jacob's descendants would come to Mount Seir, the home of Edom, to deliver judgment against Esau's descendants for persecuting them throughout the millennia (Obadiah 1:21).

Jacob arrived in Shechem, where he bought a parcel of land that would eventually house Joseph's Tomb. In Shechem, his daughter through Leah, Dinah, was raped by the prince's son, who desired to marry the girl. Dinah's brothers, Simeon and Levi, offered to go ahead with the match as long as all the men of Shechem first performed the mitzvah of circumcision upon themselves, ostensibly to unite the children of Jacob in familial harmony. On the third day after the circumcision, when all the men of Shechem were most weak, Simeon and Levi put all the residents to death by the sword and escaped with their sister, Dinah. Jacob remained silent about the episode, but later rebuked his two sons for their anger in his deathbed blessing (Genesis 49:5-7).

As Jacob and his entourage neared the border of Canaan, Rachel went into labor and died as she gave birth to her second—and Jacob's twelfth—son, Benjamin. Jacob buried her and erected a monument over her grave, which is located just outside Bethlehem. Rachel's Tomb remains a popular site for pilgrimages and prayers to this day.

Jacob was finally reunited with his father Isaac in Mamre (outside Hebron). When Isaac died at the age of 180, Jacob and Esau buried him together in the Cave of Machpelah which Abraham had purchased as a family burial plot.

[edit]
Jacob and Joseph
The Bible next relates the story of Joseph, who was separated from his father Jacob at the age of 17 and sent down to Egypt as a slave by his brothers, who were jealous of his dreams of kingship over them. Jacob was deeply grieved by the loss of his favorite son, and refused to be comforted. Christian commentators have speculated that this was a punishment from God due to Jacob's earlier sins, which included impersonation of Esau (a form of lying or deception) and polygamy. [citation needed]

Thirteen years after the sale of Joseph, Pharaoh had two troubling dreams which could not be interpreted to his satisfaction. Joseph, who was in the king's prison, was recommended to Pharaoh as an interpreter of dreams, and he explained the dreams as relating to seven years of plenty followed by seven years of famine. Pharaoh was so impressed that he made Joseph viceroy over Egypt and the manager of Egypt's grain stores. Joseph artfully managed first the storage and then the distribution of Egypt's grain, making Pharaoh quite wealthy.

When the famine struck, the sons of Jacob went down to Egypt to procure grain for their starving families in Canaan. Joseph recognized them, and demanded to see the twelfth brother of whom they spoke, his own full-brother, Benjamin. He took Simeon as a hostage until they returned with Benjamin. Jacob was distraught when he heard this news, for Benjamin was all that was left to him of his beloved wife Rachel's children, and he refused to release him lest something happen to Benjamin, too. But when their food stores ran out and the famine worsened, Jacob agreed to Judah's promise to protect Benjamin from harm. The brothers returned to Joseph, and when Joseph saw Benjamin he was overcome with emotion, and revealed himself to his brothers. He invited them to bring their families and their father, Jacob, down to Egypt to live near him, and gave them a place to live in the Egyptian province of Goshen.

Jacob's last seventeen years were spent in tranquility in Egypt, knowing that all his 12 sons were righteous people, and he died at the age of 147. Before he died, he made Joseph promise that Joseph would bury him in the Cave of Machpelah, even though Jacob had buried Joseph's mother, Rachel, by the side of the road and not in the Cave (Leah was buried there, instead). With Pharaoh's permission, Joseph led a huge state funeral back to the land of Canaan, with the 12 sons carrying their father's coffin and many Egyptian officials accompanying them.

Before he died, Jacob also elevated Joseph's two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, to the status of full tribes. He also blessed each of his sons. According to the Midrash, he desired to tell them the exact date when the Messiah would arrive, but the prophecy failed him. He feared lest one of his sons was not righteous, but they responded, "Shema Yisrael Adonai Eloheinu Adonai Echad" - "Hear O Israel [Israel being another name of Jacob], the Lord Our God, the Lord is One!" Satisfied that his sons were united in the service of God, Jacob proclaimed, "Baruch Shem Kavod Malchuso Le'Olam Va'Ed" - "Blessed is the Name of His glorious Kingdom for ever and ever". Today these two verses are said together, the first one aloud and the second one quietly, in the morning and evening Jewish prayer services.

[edit]
Other references to Jacob
Jacob is the only person in Scripture whom God said He "loved". (Malachi 1:2–3, "...I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau...", also quoted in Romans).

[edit]
Jacob's sons
Main article: Israelite
Sons of Jacob by wife in order of birth (D = Daughter)
Leah Reuben (1) Simeon (2) Levi (3) Judah (4) Issachar (9) Zebulun (10) Dinah (D)
Rachel Joseph (11) Benjamin (12)
Bilhah (Rachel's servant) Dan (5) Naphtali (6)
Zilpah (Leah's servant) Gad (7) Asher (8)





Tribes of Israel
Reuben
Simeon
Levi
Judah
Dan
Naphtali
Gad
Asher
Issachar
Zebulun
Joseph
Manasseh
Ephraim
Benjamin

This template
Jacob had twelve sons by his four wives, as follows:

By Leah: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun.
By Bilhah: Dan and Naphtali.
By Zilpah: Gad and Asher.
By Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin.
These 12 sons comprise the twelve Tribes of Israel. These tribes were recorded on the vestments of the Kohen Gadol (high priest). However, when the land of Israel was apportioned among the tribes in the days of Joshua, the Tribe of Levi, being priests, did not receive land. Therefore, when the tribes are listed in reference to their receipt of land, as well as to their encampments during the 40 years of wandering in the desert, the Tribe of Joseph is replaced by the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh (the two sons of Joseph by his Egyptian wife Asenath, whom Jacob elevated to the status of full tribes).

Thus, the two divisions of the tribes are:

Traditional division:

Reuben
Simeon
Levi
Judah
Issachar
Zebulun
Dan
Naphtali
Gad
Asher
Joseph
Benjamin
Division according to apportionment of land in Israel:

Reuben
Simeon
Judah
Issachar
Zebulun
Dan
Naphtali
Gad
Asher
Benjamin
Ephraim
Manasseh
[edit]
Rabbinical teachings about Jacob
According to the classic Jewish texts, Jacob, as the third and last patriarch, lived a life that paralleled the descent of his offspring, the Jewish people, into the darkness of exile. In contrast to Abraham—who illuminated the world with knowledge of God and earned the respect of the inhabitants of the land of Canaan—and Isaac—who continued his father's teachings and also lived in relative harmony with his neighbors—Jacob experienced many personal struggles both in the land and out of it (including the hatred of his brother Esau, the death of his favorite wife Rachel, the sale of his son Joseph, the rape of his daughter Dinah, and the deception of his father-in-law Laban). For this reason, the Jewish commentators interpret many elements of his story as being symbolic of the future difficulties and struggles the Jewish people would undergo during their long exile, which continues to the present day.

[edit]
Jacob in Islam
Main article: Yaqub
In Arabic Jacob is known as Yaqub. He is revered as a prophet who received inspiration from God. The Qu'ran does not give the details of Jacob’s life. God perfected his favor on Jacob and his posterity as he perfected his favor on Abraham and Isaac (12:6). Jacob was a man of might and vision (38:45) and was chosen by God to preach the Message. The Qu'ran stresses that worshiping and bowing to the One true God was the main legacy of Jacob and his fathers (2:132-133). Salvation, according to the Qu'ran, hinges upon this legacy rather than being a Jew or Christian (See Qu'ran 2:130-141).

According to the Qu'ran, Jacob was of the company of the Elect and the Good (38:47, 21:75). However, the Nation of Islam organization considers the figure of Yakub (a variant of the Arabic form of Jacob) to be a villain who created the white race through genetic experimentation.

Jacob ben ISAAC "King of Goshen"
Birth Haran, Padan-aram
Death Rameses, Goshen, EGYPT
Burial Cave of Machpelah, Hebron, PALESTINE
Occupation Royalty
Father Isaac ben ABRAHAM
Mother Rebekah "Rebecca" bint BETHUEL

Spouses
1 Zilpah


Children Gad
Asher

2 Rachel bint Laban
Father Laban ben BETHUEL


Children Joseph
Benjamin "Benoni"

3 Bilhah

Children Dan
Naphtali

4 Leah bint LEBAN
Father Laban ben BETHUEL

Children Reuben
Simeon
Levi
Judah ben
Issachar
Zebulun
Dinah


Origin of The Illuminati Back in 1203 B.C.: From the official printing press of the Rosicrucians, it states: AIn 1203 B.C., several of the Brothers of the Order who were of the Illuminati were commissioned to go into other lands and spread the secret doctrines by the establishment of other Lodges. It was quite apparent that Egypt was to be subjected to a devastation and that its great learning might be lost.

AIt was finally decided that 'no undue haste should be sanctioned in permitting the Brothers who have gone abroad to establish Lodges, but rather that those who travel here in search of the Light should be tried, and to those found qualified shall be given the commission to return to their people and establish a Lodge in the name of the Brotherhood. It was this dictum; known as the 'Amra,' that in later years proved the wisdom of the Councilors at this meeting, for it not only became a hard and fast rule, but made for the success of the plans of propagation. It was in this wise that the phrase 'travel East for learning or Light' first came into use; for those who soon began to travel to Egypt came from the West. About the year 1000 B.C., there came to Egypt a character whose name is recorded as Aslomon.@ (Rosicrucian, Questions and Answers, with Complete History, H. Spencer Lewis, Ph.D., F.R.C., pp. 44-45)

If this is true, Israel's King Solomon was trained in the Illuminati teaching. No wonder he allowed his wives to establish their own private booths to worship their false gods.

From the book Kabbalah by Charles Ponce which shows this symbol to be of occultic origin. It is one of the three greatest occultic or Satanic symbols. It had nothing to do with King David, but a 15th century teacher of the Kabbalistic teachings. ASoloman had the assistance of two who had traveled in Egypt as architects and artists; Huramabi of Tyre and one Hiram Abif. The Saloman brotherhood was closely watched by the fraternity in Egypt, which had removed its headquarters to Thebes again because of political changes and the warring invasions in the territory of El Amarna, which eventually reduced the entire community to ruins.

It was found that Saloman restricted his order to males and adapted a great many of the details of the Rosicrucian initiations and services. At first it was believed that he would apply to the Grand Lodge in Thebes for a charter and make his work a branch of the R.C., but it became apparent before the first assembly was held that he was not adhering to the Rosicrucian philosophy, for he used the sun as the exclusive symbol of his order.

Of the growth of the Saloman brotherhood, as it was officially called in all ancient documents, one may read in all literature bearing upon Freemasonry. it has evolved into a semi-mystical, speculative, secret, fraternal order of power and great honor, gradually altering the principles laid down by Saloman, it is true, but doing so for the greater benefit of man. The Greeks were now coming to Hebes to study, and it was at this time that the world-wide spread of the organization began.@ (Rosicrucian, Questions and Answers, with Complete History, H. Spencer Lewis, Ph.D., F.R.C., pp. 48-49)

1075: Philistines capture the Ark; Eli dies; David reigns in Hebron.

1050: David captures Zion and moves his capital there. Fall of Shiloh. Samuel. Dorian tribes invade Peloponnesus. (Joshua 18:1)

1025: David dies at age 70; Solomon succeeds him on the throne.

1020-1004: Saul. (1 Samuel 9:2)

1000: Temple completed and dedicated

1000-965: David. Hebrews establish Jerusalem capital of Israel. Teutons migrate to Rhine River area. (Ruth 4:22)

975: Solomon dies; Rehoboam begins reign.

965-928: Solomon. Rezon.(2 Samuel 12:24)

Genesis 25
Jacob and Esau
19 This is the account of Abraham's son Isaac.
Abraham became the father of Isaac, 20 and Isaac was forty years old when he married Rebekah daughter of Bethuel the Aramean from Paddan Aram [d] and sister of Laban the Aramean.
21 Isaac prayed to the LORD on behalf of his wife, because she was barren. The LORD answered his prayer, and his wife Rebekah became pregnant. 22 The babies jostled each other within her, and she said, "Why is this happening to me?" So she went to inquire of the LORD.

23 The LORD said to her,
"Two nations are in your womb,
and two peoples from within you will be separated;
one people will be stronger than the other,
and the older will serve the younger."

24 When the time came for her to give birth, there were twin boys in her womb. 25 The first to come out was red, and his whole body was like a hairy garment; so they named him Esau. [e] 26 After this, his brother came out, with his hand grasping Esau's heel; so he was named Jacob. [f] Isaac was sixty years old when Rebekah gave birth to them.

27 The boys grew up, and Esau became a skillful hunter, a man of the open country, while Jacob was a quiet man, staying among the tents. 28 Isaac, who had a taste for wild game, loved Esau, but Rebekah loved Jacob.

29 Once when Jacob was cooking some stew, Esau came in from the open country, famished. 30 He said to Jacob, "Quick, let me have some of that red stew! I'm famished!" (That is why he was also called Edom. [g] )

31 Jacob replied, "First sell me your birthright."

32 "Look, I am about to die," Esau said. "What good is the birthright to me?"

33 But Jacob said, "Swear to me first." So he swore an oath to him, selling his birthright to Jacob.

34 Then Jacob gave Esau some bread and some lentil stew. He ate and drank, and then got up and left.
So Esau despised his birthright.

Footnotes:

Genesis 25:1 Or had taken
Genesis 25:10 Or the sons of Heth
Genesis 25:18 Or lived to the east of
Genesis 25:20 That is, Northwest Mesopotamia
Genesis 25:25 Esau may mean hairy ; he was also called Edom, which means red.
Genesis 25:26 Jacob means he grasps the heel (figuratively, he deceives ).
Genesis 25:30 Edom means red .




More About Jacob ben ISAAC:
Burial: Cave of Machpelah, Hebron, PALESTINE .

Children of Jacob ben ISAAC and Leah bint LEBAN are:
  1. +Judah* ben JACOB, b., Padan-aram (Genesis xxix. 35, d., Rameses, Goshen EGYPT .
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