Arms: Gules, a saltire argent.2 Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmoreland was the eldest son of John Neville.3 He appeared as Earl Westmoreland in the plays Henry IV, part 1 part 2, and Henry V by Shakespeare. He was born circa 1364 in Castle Raby, Staindrop, County Durham, England. He was the son of John (de Nevill), 3rd Lord Neville and Maud Percy .4 He was was knighted in the French expedition by Thomas of Woodstock in 1380.3 He married Margaret de Stafford , daughter of Hugh, 2nd Earl of Stafford and Philippe de Beauchamp .5 4th Neville Baron of Raby in County Durham, England, in 1388.4 He married Joan Beaufort, Lady Ferrers de Wemme, daughter of John, "of Gaunt," Duke of Lancaster and Catherine de Roët L.G., on 29 November 1396 in Chateau de Beaufort, Meuse-et-Loire, France; His 2nd. Her 2nd (widow).3 1st Earl of Westmoreland on 29 September 1397.6,7,8 He was secured the deposition of Richard II, supporting the siezure of power by his brother-in-law, Henry IV, in 1399. Marshall of England in September 1399. He was granted, for life, the valuable honour of Richmond, Yorkshire in October 1399. He was nominated into the Order of the Garter, #105, circa 1403.9 He helped suppress the Percy rebellion in the North in 1403. He was intercepted rebel forces at Shipton Moor, near York in 1405. Tricking them into surrender, the rising in Yorkshire thus lost much strength. He was a member of the Council of Regency under John, Duke of Bedford, in 1415. He took no part in the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. Shakespeare thought he was present. Nor was he in later French campaigns. He had now become very experienced in Scottish affairs, having long been a warden of the West March of Scotland, and was charged with the safekeeping of the northern border during Henry V's absences in France. He left a will on 18 October 1424. He died on 21 October 1425 in Raby Castle, Staindrop, County Durham, England.7,9 Ralph, 1st Earl of Westmoreland was buried in St. Marys, Staindrop, County Durham, England. "The fortunes of the village of Staindrop have always depended on the lords of Raby, and the church of St Mary houses many of their bones under opulent memorials. Particularly splendid is the alabaster memorial to Ralph Neville (died 1425), grandfather of Edward IV and Richard III." MS Auto-Route Express GB 98. His estate was probated between 14 November 1425 and 7 October 1426.
Sources: 1. Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, I-XIII (in 6) (Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL5 2BU: Sutton Publishing Limited, 2000), Vol. XII p II, pp 544-549.. Hereinafter cited as CP. 2. Stephen Friar & John Ferguson, Basic Heraldry (London: The Herbert Press (A&C Black Ltd.), 1993), pg. 64. Hereinafter cited as Basic Heraldry. 3. Peter Townend, editor, Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, One Hundred and Fifth Edition (London: Burke's Peerage Limited, MCMLXX (1970)), pg. 12-13 - Abergavenny. Hereinafter cited as B:P, 105th. 4. Peter Townend, B:P, 105th, pg. 10-11 - Abergavenny. 5. Tudor Place, online , Neville2. Hereinafter cited as Tudor Place. 6. Descendants of John Howard, of Wiggenhall, Norfolk, online . Hereinafter cited as Descendants of John Howard. 7. The Ancestors of Margaret, Countess of Salisbury (6 generations), online . Hereinafter cited as Ancestors of Margaret of Salisbury. 8. Ph.D. and Count d'Angerville, F.R.S.A. Professor Arthur Adams, editor, Living Descendants of Blood Royal (150 Fleet Street, London: World Nobility and Peerage, .). Hereinafter cited as Royal Descendants. 9. Archivist to the Dean and Canons of Windsor Grace Holmes, The Order of the Garter: It's Knights and Stall Plates 1348 to 1984 (Windsor, England: Oxley & Sons (Windsor) Ltd., 1984, reprinted 1999), pg. 87. Hereinafter cited as Order of the Garter.
More About Ralph de Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland: Record Change: 25 Jan 2007
More About Ralph de Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Joan de Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland: Marriage: 29 Nov 1396, Chateau De Beaufort, Meuse-et-Loire, France.
Children of Ralph de Neville 1st Earl of Westmoreland and Joan de Beaufort Countess of Westmoreland are: