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Ancestors of Nellie Kirk Ingalls

Generation No. 6

      40. Isaac Wright136, born January 1685/86 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA137; died January 11, 1766 in Plympton, Plymouth, MA138. He was the son of 80. Adam Wright and 81. Sarah Soule. He married 41. Mary Cole 1717 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA139.

      41. Mary Cole139, born 1696 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA140; died July 20, 1759 in Plympton, Plymouth, MA141. She was the daughter of 82. John Cole and 83. Susanna Gray.

More About Isaac Wright:
Burial: Ye Olde Burial Grounds, Plympton, MA142

More About Mary Cole:
Burial: Ye Olde Burial Grounds, Plympton, MA142
Child of Isaac Wright and Mary Cole is:
  20 i.   Isaac Wright, born September 3, 1736 in Plympton, Plymouth, MA; died October 29, 1796 in Plympton, Plymouth, MA; married Faith Chandler 1761 in Plymouth , Plymouth, MA.

      42. Zebedee Chandler143, born Abt. 1715144. He married 43. Lidia Loring August 8, 1737 in Plympton, Plymouth, MA144.

      43. Lidia Loring144, born August 23, 1721 in Plympton, Plymouth, MA144. She was the daughter of 86. Dr. Caleb Loring and 87. Lydia Gray.
Child of Zebedee Chandler and Lidia Loring is:
  21 i.   Faith Chandler, born 1740; died May 12, 1821; married Isaac Wright 1761 in Plymouth , Plymouth, MA.

      50. Mathew Edmiston145, born Abt. 1707 in Fairfax, VA; died June 28, 1790 in Augusta Co., VA. He was the son of 100. James Edmunson. He married 51. Margaret Patterson.

      51. Margaret Patterson145, born 1710 in County Antrim, Ireland; died 1795 in VA. She was the daughter of 102. James Patterson.

Notes for Mathew Edmiston:
Military service: 1742, Colonial militia
Occupation: 1756, Constable--Augusta Co., Va; farmer

More About Mathew Edmiston:
Name 2: Mathew Edmundson

More About Margaret Patterson:
Died 2: Bef. 1790
Child of Mathew Edmiston and Margaret Patterson is:
  25 i.   Agnes Edmiston, born Abt. 1733 in Fairfax, Augusta, VA; died Abt. 1773; married James Kirk, Sr. Abt. 1757 in Augusta Co., VA.

      56. William Handley146, born 1720 in Northern Ireland; died Abt. 1756 in Augusta Co., VA. He was the son of 112. James Handley. He married 57. Margaret Christie? 1746 in Northern Ireland.

      57. Margaret Christie?, born Abt. 1724 in Northern Ireland; died Abt. 1800 in Jamestown (Surry), VA.

Notes for William Handley:
"It is said, although we have no proof, that John Handley I and his brother, William Handley, were Scotch-Irish Presbyterians from Ireland. John Handley, his wife, William Handley and his wife migrated to America about 1741. Apparently they lived in South Carolina and North Carolina at some periods, but we are not sure when. It appears that James Handley came with John and William and was their father. They first appeared in New Castle County, Delaware about 1745. Pennsylvania and Delaware had a boundary dispute for many years, therefore New Castle was also shown as being within Pennsylvania borders at times before the dispute was settled. In 1746, they settled in Virginia on the Staunton River.

Va. Mag of Hist. & Biography Vol 31, page 249

"John and William Handley, weavers by trade, on March 14, 1746, executed their bond to Charles Tennett of Mill Creek Hundred and County of New Castle, Minister of the Gospel for 26 pounds 18 schilling."

"Bond witnessed by Thomas Cochran, Margaret Cochran and William McCue, or McCord. On January 1748, Mr. Tennett assigned this note to Thos. Boggs, and who in turn assigned the note to Thomas Thompson of Augusta Co., Va. Thomas Thompson and the Handleys moved to Augusta County prior to 1755. See Thompson vs. Handly Court Papers 401."

Tax Lists December 1745 John Handley, Christiana 100 in New Castle, Delaware.

John Handley's name first appeared in the official records of Augusta County, Virginia, on November 26, 1751, this was the date of the deed in which he purchased 257 acres from Benjamin Border for 15 pounds. The land was located on the Broad Spring Run (Back Creek) adjoining land of Joseph Kennedy (Northern area of present Rockbridge County, Virginia)

John and three other men viewed (laid out, constructed and maintained) a road in the Calfpasture District after being appointed to do so by the County Court on May 20, 1752 (Near present Goshen, Virginia.) .

John Handley's brother, William Handley, died in 1756, in Augusta County, Virginia leaving a wife and four small children. William's wife toiled the farm, raised her children and at intervals sent them to a country school. We are not sure when she died, but we do know that it was after 1788. In 1788, she was living with Samuel and his family in Washington County on the banks of the Chucky River."

[The Handley Family History by Mary Mortimeyer and Richard Hopkins]

"He came from North Ireland with his brother John and landed at New Castle, Chester Co., Penn. They were a part of that great exodus of Presbyterians of Scottish descent who left their adopted country and came to America. William brought his wife and two small children with him. They went to South Carolina in 1744, thence to North Carolina. In 1746, they settled on the Staunton River near Botecourt, Monroe Co., Va., and later to Augusta Co., Va. in 1753." [Handley, Handly, Hanley Collection by Randall J. Handly]

More About William Handley:
Date born 2: Abt. 1712, Ireland146

  Notes for Margaret Christie?:
Most sources say Margaret's surname is unknown.

More About Margaret Christie?:
Date born 2: Abt. 1714, Ireland146
Died 2: Abt. 1800, TN146
Children of William Handley and Margaret Christie? are:
  28 i.   Alexander Handley, born Abt. 1737; died 1781; married Mary Ewing.
  ii.   James Handley146
  iii.   Archibald Handley146
  iv.   William Handley, Jr.146
  v.   Nancy Handley146
  vi.   John Monroe Handley146
  vii.   Samuel Carroll Handley146
  viii.   Margaret Handley146

      62. Walter Crow147, born August 23, 1717 in North Sassasfras Parish, Cecil, Maryland147; died September 28, 1789 in Danville, Mercer Co., KY147. He was the son of 124. John Crow and 125. Martha Newman. He married 63. Anne Miller Abt. 1740 in of Middlesex Co., VA147.

      63. Anne Miller147, born March 31, 1720 in Christchurch, Middlesex, VA147; died May 4, 1811 in Danville, Mercer, KY147. She was the daughter of 126. John Miller and 127. Sarah Hadley.

Notes for Walter Crow:
Walter operated a tavern in New Castle County till about 1764. It was called The Sign of the Tun (we have also heard it called The Sign of the Three Sons), then it became Buck's Tavern or Carson's Tavern. We know the location of the tavern thanks to General George Washington, who noted in his diary that he dined there in 1777 (long after Walter left), and also to the map... which shows Buck Tavern's location. The State of Delaware marked the spot with a historical marker. But if General Washington hadn't dined there the state wouldn't have bothered putting up a marker. Both the tavern and the sign have disappeared, the tavern being torn down in 1962 or 1963. The state has a project underway to replace the missing markers a few at a time but this one is not high on the list.

Walter Crow was engaged in the whiskey business in Danville. (A) letter was written (to Walter) in 1819... from a business associate in New Orleans, whose signature appears to be G. Musson, and could possibly be Germain Musson, grandfather of Edgar Degas, the painter.

Walter Crow is said to have died and been buried in Danville, and although no headstone exists today, the site is believed to be on a high spot between William's and John's stations. There was a cemetery between the two stations, but all the stones were removed. Ann was buried in 1811 in Union Cemetery, but there is no evidence of the spot now. William has a headstone in Union Cemetery, although he and his wife are buried on his original homestead just outside Danville.

[Crow family Web site 5/20/02]

More About Walter Crow:
Died 2: September 28, 1789, Rockingham County, VA 148
Burial: on a hill between John & William's houses, Danville, Mercer Co., KY149

  Notes for Anne Miller:
"Who was Ann Miller, wife of Walter Crow? by Sarah Barker

No one really knows. Nor do we know for a fact that her name was really Miller. The designation of Walter Crow's wife as Ann "Miller" has been attributed, somewhat circuitously, to John W. Wayland Ph.D, author of "A History of Rockingham County, Virginia," and similar books on Rockingham. How this came about is unclear, but the name Ann Miller seems to have stuck.

Assuming that Ann was truly Ann Miller, who was she? Where did she come from? One theory has been put forth that she was the daughter of John Miller and Sarah Hadley of Middlesex County, Virginia. This theory results from the single fact that a birth record for an Ann Miller exists in the Christ Church Parish register in the appropriate time frame. There is no marriage entry for this Ann Miller, nor any record in existence to indicate that Walter Crow ever met or married this particular Ann Miller. The existence of this birth record is simply a convenience seized upon to prove what is essentially unprovable. The name Miller was very common during Colonial times, and surviving church records few and far between - if, in fact, church records were kept. Literacy was not exactly rampant on the Colonial frontier, and the preachers who wandered from settlement to settlement ministering to the faithful often had other more pressing worries than writing down who they had just christened, married or buried. The fact that one church record survives from among thousands of colonial congregations cannot be taken as proof that the individual named therein is the ancestor in question without offering additional direct or indirect corroboration.

In his memoirs, John Finley Crowe, son of Benjamin Crow, names his grandmother as Mary Stuart from Scotland. While many researchers consider this recollection an aberration, his assertion should not be dismissed so lightly. It is significant that John Finley Crow never once mentions Ann Miller Crow in his memoirs, which is odd considering it's entirely possible he may have known her (she didn't die until 1811), and he certainly would have had ample opportunity to learn a good deal about her from his father as well as during the winter-long visit to his uncle William Crow in Kentucky circa 1819-1820. But again, he does not mention her. Rather, John Finley states quite plainly: "My grandfather raised a family of five sons: James, John, William, Benjamin and Jacob, and three daughters: Polly, Nancy and Rachel." Notice he does not say "my grandparents" - he clearly says "my grandfather."

My hypothesis is that John Finley Crow was correct, and that Mary Stuart died either shortly before or shortly after Walter Crow moved his family to Linville Creek, Augusta County, Virginia, where he met and married Ann Miller. She may even have been the mother of Walter's two youngest children born in Linville Creek, although that's pure speculation. That she survived Walter by some 20 years further suggests she may have been quite a bit younger than he.

So who was Ann Miller? The most logical answer is that she was a daughter of John Miller of Linville Creek. Nothing else quite explains the close ties that existed between the Crow and Miller families for nearly 40 years, beginning in Linville Creek and extending to subsequent generations in Lincoln/Mercer County, Kentucky.

The saga actually begins about 1742 along Linville Creek in Augusta County where the muster list name James Wright, James Robinson (Robertson on the list) and John Miller - names that will repeat over and over in conjunction with the Crows for the next 60 years.(1) The lynchpin is John Miller whose daughter Hannah would eventually marry James Robinson's son Isaac Robinson, and whose daughter Mary would marry James Wright's son Capt. James Wright and later William Fields. These individuals will feature significantly later on in Kentucky.

In addition to Hannah and Mary, John Miller and his wife Hannah also had daughters Elizabeth (Isbell) and Jemima (Thomas). These four daughters are the only children mentioned in the Will of Hannah Miller written in 1786 and filed March 1795 in Lincoln County, Kentucky, with both John Crow and William Crow named as witnesses.(2) John Miller, however, had other children by an earlier marriage (wife unknown). Among the known children are: Abraham, Henry, and John (Jr.). While there is no existing proof he also had a daughter Ann from that earlier marriage, it is not outside the realm of possibility. There may also have been other children as well; we just don't know who they are yet.

In 1747, John Miller was named one of the administrators for the estate of his Linville Creek neighbor William Skillern, and ordered to dispose of the estate for the benefit of Skillern's orphaned children.(3) Apparently the administrators didn't sell Skillern's land, though, because 17 years later George and William Skillern sold the land - in 1764 - to Walter Crow.(4) While that is the first land purchase recorded for Walter Crow, it's entirely possible he could have been in the area for several years before purchasing his land. That is one of the many unknowns.

What is known is that from about 1776 through 1779, John Miller's sons Abraham, Henry and John were very active in Yohogania County, Virginia, where they were joined by Walter Crow's sons John and William Crow.(5) Mary Crow was there as well since we know her husband Benjamin Underwood died in Yohogania County on July 21, 1778.(6) Mary Miller was most likely an inhabitant as well since court records for Yohogania County indicate both her first husband, Capt. James Wright, and her second husband William Fields, participated in a number of court cases along with John and William Crow, and Abraham and Henry Miller.(7)

By 1780, the scene shifted to Kentucky. In the spring of that year, Mary Crow Underwood and her five young children came down the Ohio River seeking the land Benjamin Underwood had marked in 1776, as did both John and William Crow, although it's not known whether they all came together in the famous Vanmeter flotilla, or separately. In the meantime time John Miller had moved to Lincoln County in 1779, entering a claim the following year for land that included a cabin built by William Fields. The series of land claims heard by the Virginia Land Commission in 1780 also included claims registered for Abraham Miller, Henry Miller, James Wright, William Fields, John Crow, William Crow on behalf of his nephew John Underwood, and William Crow on behalf of himself.(8)

In 1781 John Miller died intestate in Lincoln County, Kentucky.(9) About the same time, John Miller's daughter Hannah Miller Robinson, a widow since 1773, contracted to buy 55 acres from her older half-brother Henry Miller adjoining the land of William Crow.(10)

The following year, in 1782, James Wright was killed by Indians at Blue Lick, and the administration of his estate was granted to Mary Miller Wright and her half-brother Henry Miller, with William Crow one of the designated appraisers.(11) Mary Miller Wright subsequently married William Fields the following year.

In 1783, Henry Miller died, with his widow Sarah Miller designated administratrix, and surety bonds posted by his brother Abraham Miller and William Crow.(12) In the same year, Sarah Miller and William Crow, in their capacity as witnesses, proved a power of attorney from John Miller (deceased) to Henry Miller giving him authority to collect a 1772 debt owed him by one Taverner Beal in Dunmore (now Shenandoah) County, Virginia.(13) Later that same year, Abraham Miller was named administrator for the estate of John Miller.(14)

Two years later, in 1785, Abraham Miller died in Lincoln County, Kentucky, setting off a lengthy and contentious court battle that went all the way up to the Virginia Supreme Court (Kentucky didn't become a state until 1792). Both John Crow and William Crow gave testimony verifying the validity of the Will being contested by Abraham Miller's children as a forgery.(15) Unfortunately two of the original witnesses, including James Wright, were already dead, and the other was ill in Rockingham County and unavailable. William Crow accused the sole surviving executor John Thomas (husband of John Miller's daughter Jemima) of wasting the estate's assets, and the court appointed William Crow and William Eagan (Agun in the records) to replace Thomas as executors.(16) At one point the court also ordered the sheriff to bring in Abraham Miller's half-sisters and their husbands John Thomas and Jemima Thomas, Zachariah Isbell and Elizabeth Isbell, William Field and Mary Field, and Hannah Robinson, to appear in court as "legatees under the said will, to appear here on the same day to answer the petition exhibited against them." The records for this case were destroyed during the Civil War so we don't know the particulars of what the fight was about, but in all probability the battle concerned Abraham Miller's disposition of the estate of John Miller.

Also in 1785, William Crow was appointed guardian to another Abraham Miller, this one the minor son of the late Henry Miller.(17) When Henry Miller's widow Sarah Miller died in 1791, William Crow administered her estate, as well.(18)

In 1792, Hannah Miller Robinson died in Lincoln County, Kentucky, leaving a Will written a few days earlier on Oct. 20, 1792, and witnessed by Morias Hansbrough, second husband of Mary Crow, and her sister Mary Miller Wright Fields.(19) Hannah named her son Luke Robinson and brother-in-law William Fields as executors. During a 1793 court hearing, Morias Hansbrough and William Crow were among those designated as appraisers. The following year, on December 7, 1793, her daughter Hannah Robinson married Jacob Underwood, son of Mary Crow, and her son Luke Robinson married Morias Hansbrough's daughter Susanna on April 24, 1794.

Hannah Miller, widow of John Miller, died in Mercer County, Kentucky, in 1795, leaving a Will that had been written in 1786 and witnessed by John Crow, William Crow and Elener Wright (daughter of Mary Miller Wright Fields) who married John and William Crow's brother Jacob Crow on April 28, 1787 - a year after her grandmother wrote her Will.(20) William Crow and Elener Wright, now his sister-in-law, proved the Will in court. In her Will, Hannah names only her four daughters - Jemima Thomas, Elizabeth Isbell, Mary Fields, and Hannah Robinson. There is no mention of John Miller's other children. This exclusion may or may not have been in reaction to the court fight over Abraham Miller's Will then being handled by William Crow. However, the 1806 settlement of Hannah Miller's estate does include the curious notation: "By William Kennedy bond for this Sum (£164 9 2) received from William Crow on exchange of two bonds due the Estate of John Miller Deceased." (21)

The death of Hannah Miller did not end the association between the Millers and the Crows, but the linkage did diminish as the younger generations grew, matured and moved on. While none of this proves that Ann Miller Crow was John Miller's daughter, it certainly demonstrates an unusual closeness between the two families that went well beyond the bounds of mere neighborliness, spanning two states, three counties and nearly 40 years.

1) Chalkley’s Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish, Copies of Musters of Augusta County. Page 507-508

2) County Court Order Book. No. 5, Lincoln County, Kentucky. Page 238

3) Chalkley’s Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish, March 17, 1747/8 Page 34

4) Chalkley's Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish, Deed Book No. 11, page 70

5) Minute Book of the Virginia Court Held for Yohogania County

6) Records of the Goshen Baptist Church on Big Whiteley Creek, Greene County, Pennsylvania, page 6

7) Minute Book of the Virginia Court Held for Yohogania County

8) Certificate Book of the Virginia Land Commission 1779-1780

9) Lincoln County Inventories Book A. July 17, 1781

10) Lincoln County, Virginia/Kentucky Deed Abstracts 1781-1795, Volume I, Page 46.

11) Lincoln County, Kentucky Records – Vol. 2, Page 16

12) County Court Order Book. No. 1, Lincoln County, Kentucky (Virginia) page 32.

13) Lincoln County Virginia/Kentucky Deeds, Vol. l. Page 7

14) County Court Order Book. No. 1, Lincoln County, Kentucky (Virginia), Page 101

15) Virginia Supreme Court, District of Kentucky, Order Books 1783-1792 page 14

16) Virginia Supreme Court, District of Kentucky, Order Books 1783-1792 page 243

17) County Court Order Book. No. 2, Lincoln County, Kentucky (Virginia),. Page 107

18) County Court Order Book 4, Lincoln County, Kentucky. Page 70

19) County Court Order Book. No. 5, Lincoln County, Kentucky. Page 238

20) Mercer County Kentucky Will Book 1, page 57

21) County Court Order Book. No. 6, Lincoln County, Kentucky, page 387"

[Crow family Web site 5/8/02]

More About Anne Miller:
Name 2: Ann Miller150
Date born 2: March 11, 1719/20, England151
Died 2: April 6, 1821, Danville, KY151
Burial: Old Union Cemetery, Boyle, VA152
Christening: April 24, 1720, Christchurch, Middlesex, VA152

Marriage Notes for Walter Crow and Anne Miller:
Walter and Ann Crow lived in New Castle County, Delaware. Not much is known about how or when they got there but we do know that the family moved to Virginia either in late 1763 or early 1764. New Castle County is directly across the state line from Sassafras Parish, Maryland, where Walter was born.
It's generally accepted that six children were born in New Castle County, although we haven't found any supporting documentation for these births.

1. Mary, born circa 1742.
2. James, born circa 1744
3. John, born circa 1751
4. William, born 8 Nov. 1755
5. Benjamin, born circa 1757.
6. Jacob, born 3 April 1759.

[Crow family Web site 5/20/02]
Children of Walter Crow and Anne Miller are:
  31 i.   Mary Crow, born 1742 in probably New Castle Co., Delaware; died 1818 in Shelby Co., KY; married (1) Benjamin Underwood Abt. 1761; married (2) Morias Hansbrough Abt. 1788.
  ii.   James Crow153, born Abt. 1749154
  iii.   John Crow155, born March 8, 1750/51156
  Notes for John Crow:
John Crow had three stations in the Danville area. One would have been the first lottery cabin in 1774. One is the original building of the Old Crow Inn. One was located at or near the site of the Broadway school. According to tradition its enclosure also held the town spring, which came out from under a bluff (today there's no bluff and the spring is piped underground). Exactly what happened to two of Crow's stations is probably the story of similar stations throughout Kentucky; they were built of logs which could not stand the test of time and either rotted away, burned, or were used in other structures. Some of the original stations around Danville were boarded over (and discovered in later remodels). It's not known exactly when John and his family left their station. Like many other settlers, Daniel Boone included, John's land claims were disputed and lost. One theory has their last residence in Danville as either that of the Rowe house or Black Joe's Castle, roughly in the area of 5th, 7th and Lexington streets... From Danville John moved to the Green River area, where he was killed by his slave (during an argument while cutting a fallen tree)...

Daniel Boone was at Crow's Station in 1784 as part of a grand jury. We have heard that Daniel and John were good friends. For a short time John was a partner with Daniel at Boone's store and tavern at Limestone (present-day Maysville on the Ohio River). They hosted native tribes during prisoner exchanges; one can only imagine what that was like...

The Supreme Court of Kentucky District, which met at Crow's Station from November 1783, moved to its permanent quarters the middle of March 1785...

In 1774 John and William Crow were members of a 32-man expedition led by James Harrod. The route was a water route from Fort Pitt (Pittsburg) down the Monongahela and Ohio Rivers and up the Kentucky River to a place now called Oregon Landing northeast of the present site of Harrodsburg. The first fort is gone, but a replica of the fort was built not far from its original location and is open to the public...

John Crow was a signer of the Cumberland Compact, a document written in 1780 about frontier government and land dealings... Among the men who signed the document are Richard Henderson, James Harrod, Casper Mansker, Michael Stoner, Silas Harlan and Samuel Moore, among other Kentucky pioneers...

John Crow is one of the signers of a 1787 Indian Treaty that dealt with prisoner exchanges. The original document is housed in the Wisconsin State Historical Society archives. Among other pioneers signing the document are Daniel Boone, Col. Benjamin Logan and Isaac Ruddell. It's not actually John's signature; the entire document along with signatures appears to have been written by one person unknown...

The Battle of Point Pleasant, at the confluence of the Kanawha and Ohio Rivers in West Virginia, took place on Oct. 10, 1774. This battle has been recognized as the first battle of the Revolutionary War and the American victory opened Kentucky for settlement via the Ohio River. John and William Crow were in Capt. James Harrod's company that arrived at the battle site after it was all over. Some sources say their company was in charge of the horses and baggage...

Old Crow Inn began as a frontier cabin built by John Crow. The original homestead consisted of 405 acres which Crow homesteaded and 1400 acres which he bought for the sum of $1.40 an acre. Stone for the house was quarried on the homestead when Kentucky was still a part of the state of Virginia. Crow built the central portion back of the portico, two rooms with a room and hall, and deep doorways with walls of solid stone, twenty-four inches deep, show that at first these were outer walls. The back part of the house that John built is the oldest stone house west of the Allegheny Mountains.

John owned this cabin only one year, after which he sold it to James Wright in 1781, who owned it for about a year before being killed by Indians. It was then sold by James' son John to Joshua Barbee, who continued the building, adding first a left wing then a right wing. Slaves spent eight years completing the building.

...the Old Crow Inn... is now a bed and breakfast.

[Crow family Web site 5/20/02]

  iv.   William Crow157, born March 8, 1755158
  v.   Benjamin Crow159, born Abt. 1756160
  vi.   Jacob Crow161, born April 2, 1759162
  vii.   Nancy Crow163, born March 25, 1764164
  viii.   Rachel Crow165, born February 19, 1767166

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