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Descendants of John Anthony Foreman

Generation No. 2

      2. Anthony2 Foreman (John Anthony1) was born 1744 in Scotland, and died October 17, 1817 in Cherokee Nation, Bradley, Tennessee. He married (1) Susie Kah-tah-yah Gourd Abt. 1779 in Cherokee Nation East Tennessee, daughter of Teetarskeeskee. She was born Abt. 1741 in Cherokee Nation East Tennessee, and died Aft. 1828. He married (2) Elizabeth Gurdaygle Abt. 1799 in Cherokee Nation North Carolina. She was born Abt. 1781 in Cherokee Nation East, and died January 08, 1845.

Notes for Anthony Foreman:
ANTHONY FOREMAN: Toward the end of the American Revolution, a Scottish soldier names Anthony Foreman grew sick of the bloodshed and sought a peaceful refuge for himself among the Cherokees in the hills of north Georgia. There he met and married Susie Gourd, a full blood Cherokee woman of the Paint Clan. She might have been from the Rattlinggourd family, as many of their descendants were called Gourds. Together, Anthony and Susie established a home in the small town of Ooyougilogi about 20 miles northeast of the present site of Rome, Georgia.

Most records say that Anthony Foreman, whose full name was John Anthony Foreman, is the progenitor of our Foreman family in America. He was a full blooded Scotsman born in 1744. Other records suggest that his father, John Foreman, born around 1720, might also have been in America, possibly around the Philadelphia area. This fact would make him the patriarch of "our American Foreman's".

We don't know much about Anthony when he was young, who his mother was or how many brothers and sisters he had. The only hint of a sibling was in the contents of a letter his son Stephen wrote in later years to Rev. William E. Schenk at Park Hill, Indian Territory. The letter stated that Stephen had been told by his mother that Anthony had a sister named Mary, or Polly, and that she had lived somewhere in Pennsylvania, maybe Philadelphia, and was married to a man named Wolfe.

Some researchers say that Anthony's wife Susie died sometime around 1800, at which time he married her maternal niece, Elizabeth "Watee" Gurdaygle. But information taken from church records show that Susie was still living in 1828. At that time she is shown by a missionary as an elderly full blooded Cherokee woman in his church and going by the name of Nancy Fields. (Taken from Candy Creek Mission Church) By then Anthony had been dead 10 years and had raised a second family by Elizabeth.

Now it could have been a polygamous marriage, which was not uncommon in those days. But my theory concerning Anthony and his two wives suggests that he and Susie were divorced (his will mentions only Elizabeth as his wife). He probably married Elizabeth around 1799 or 1800, since his first child by her, Archibald, was born on January 1, 1801. The reason for the assumption of a divorce between Anthony and Susie is that there was a span of about 13 years between his two sets of children, which makes me think there was a period during that time when he did not have a wife.

Nevertheless, Anthony Foreman was the father of 12 children, six by each wife. There were five daughters and seven sons, with the first child, John, being about 36 years older than the last one. They all grew to adulthood and all married. One of the children was Thomas, my direct ancestor, and another was Stephen, the renown Presbyterian minister and missionary. Names of the other children were Catherine, Nannie, Sallie, Richard, Archibald, Elsie, Edward, Mary and Alexander.

By profession, Anthony Foreman was a trader, and in spite of the large number of children, he provided well for his family. He was especially eager that his sons receive a full education and frequently impressed upon them the need to go to school. The girls were probably taught spinning and weaving. Census records of that day always stated the number of spinsters and weavers in each household, which shows that these trades were considered very important. Making clothing was a worthwhile task in colonial households. On small farms, the women planted and tended a patch of flax, harvested the crop, spun the yarn and wove it into linen. They wove Woolen cloth from yarn spun from the fleece of sheep. The linens and woolens were colored with dyes made from certain barks, berries and roots.

In the Foreman home, both English and Cherokee were spoken. By custom the boys were taught to speak English like their father, while the girls spoke Cherokee like their mothers. As a general rule, early day Cherokees spoke better English and were better educated than the average settlers of the South and West. One reason for this was the early marriages of the Cherokee women to English, Scotch, Irish and French men who came from Europe in the 1700's. Most of these men were well educated and often came from aristocratic families. Their culture was passed down to their children and grandchildren.

Anthony Foreman died on October 17, 1817, in Cherokee Nation East, several years before members of his family and other Cherokee Indians would go on that journey to new lands, the journey that was to become known as the "Trail of Tears". One of his sons, Archibald Foreman, would die on that trip.

Anthony had made a written will a few days before his death in his 73rd year. By this time, the six older children were all married and had families of their own. The ages of the younger six were approximately 1 through 16, and it was to them and his widow Elizabeth that he bequeathed the farm in probably what is now McMinn County, Tennessee. And to his son Archibald, he left his house and other real property. The family continued to reside there on the farm until sometime after the Treaty of 1819 when they removed to the Nation on the south side of Hiwassee, in the same area where the farm was located, McMinn County, Tennessee.

Elizabeth Foreman died several years later, on January 8, 1845. The writer doesn't know if she continued living in the East and died there, or if she came with most of the Cherokees on the Trail of Tears and died in Indian Territory. Some Cherokees got to remain in the East, for one reason or another. Some fled to the mountains for a time, getting to stay in the homeland they so dearly loved. Others received permission because of illness, or maybe some other valid reason.

These notes were given to me by June Herman and given to her. The name on the pages are Patricia Noble Badry, June, 1990.

Biography of JOHN STUART written by John L. Nichols states that Nancy Foreman was the daughter of a Scottish trader and a Cherokee woman.

John Anthony Foreman, son of Rev. Stephen Foreman, states on his Miller Application that his grandfather was from Scotland, said to be Scotch-Irish. I have not been able to locate birth information in Pennsylvania.

The British Colonial Papers include a letter, dated October 1779, by Robert Due to Alexander Cameron (Royal agent to the Cherokees). Due (probably the grandfather of Tiana Rogers, Cherokee wife of Sam Houston) mentions Anthony Foreman, whose illness prevented his delivery of the letter to Cameron. The letter concerns a number of white men, residing among the Chickamaugas, who are about to join war parties attacking the American frontier.

More About Anthony Foreman:
Burial: 1817, Bradley, Tennessee
Nationality: Scottish
Occupation: March 11, 1797, Tennessee Passports lists Anthony Foreman as: Trader & Idler

Notes for Susie Kah-tah-yah Gourd:
SUSIE GOURD could also be Susie Rattlinggourd, but not of the Conrad Rattlinggourd line.

Emmet Starr's notes in "History of the Cherokee Indians" p 566 states "Anthony Foreman, a Scotchman married Susie, a full blood Cherokee of the Savannah Clan". All records passed down to the Foreman family has always stated that Susie was a member of the Paint Clan as does Rev. Holland's notes (see Catherine Foreman).

One application of Guion Miller (roll number to be placed here) states that Susie Gourd, 1st wife of Anthony Foreman, was a daughter of a Cherokee named "Teetarskeeskee". This is the first clue I have received as to her parentage. Received from Jerry Clark 9/99

More About Susie Kah-tah-yah Gourd:
Clan: Paint Clan
Degree of Blood: Full Blood Cherokee

More About Anthony Foreman and Susie Gourd:
Marriage: Abt. 1779, Cherokee Nation East Tennessee

Notes for Elizabeth Gurdaygle:
ELIZABETH GURDAYGLE was married before her marriage to John Foreman. Elizabeth was the niece of Susie of the Paint Clan.

More About Elizabeth Gurdaygle:
Cherokee Name: Watee or Watty listed as Na tee in 1885 article written Princeton Theological Seminary
Degree of Blood: Full Blood Cherokee Indian
Residence: Oo-you-gilogie, near Rome, Georgia

More About Anthony Foreman and Elizabeth Gurdaygle:
Marriage: Abt. 1799, Cherokee Nation North Carolina
Children of Anthony Foreman and Susie Gourd are:
+ 4 i.   John Anthony3 Foreman, born Abt. 1780 in Cherokee Nation East Tennessee; died 1807 in Cherokee Nation East/Killed.
+ 5 ii.   Catherine Foreman, born April 17, 1785 in Ooyougilogi County, Tennessee; died 1872 in Stilwell, Indian Territory.
+ 6 iii.   Thomas Foreman, Sr., born Abt. 1782 in Cherokee Nation East Tennessee; died Abt. 1854 in Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, Oklahoma.
+ 7 iv.   Nannie Foreman, born Abt. 1784 in Cherokee Nation East Tennessee; died 1868 in Near Tahlequah, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory.
+ 8 v.   Sarah 'Sallie' Bathia Foreman, born Abt. 1786 in Cherokee Nation East Tennessee; died September 01, 1839 in Fairfield, Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, Oklahoma.
+ 9 vi.   Richard Bark Foreman, born Abt. 1787 in Cherokee Nation East Tennessee; died Bef. 1879 in Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, Oklahoma.
Children of Anthony Foreman and Elizabeth Gurdaygle are:
+ 10 i.   Archibald3 Foreman, born January 01, 1801 in Cherokee Nation East Tennessee; died May 28, 1838 in Clear Creek Camp, TRAIL OF TEARS.
+ 11 ii.   Elsie Foreman, born July 04, 1804 in Cherokee Nation East Tennessee; died November 1863.
+ 12 iii.   Rev. Stephen Foreman, born October 22, 1807 in Oo-you-gi-lo-gi, Floyd County, Georgia; died December 08, 1882 in Park Hill, Indian Territory.
  13 iv.   Edward Foreman, born April 22, 1809 in Floyd County, Georgia; died May 22, 1834 in Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory. He married Minerva Kerr; born Abt. 1810 in Cherokee Nation East; died Unknown.
  Notes for Edward Foreman:
Emigration Rolls show Edward Foreman, under age 25, living in Mouse Creek, Tennessee, leaving Cherokee Nation East December 5, 1833 with his brother Alexander.

Edward arrived in Cherokee Nation West May 22, 1834 - Dead.

  More About Edward Foreman:
Education: Candy's Creek Mission School

+ 14 v.   Alexander Foreman, born September 06, 1810 in Floyd County, Georgia; died January 31, 1865 in Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory.
+ 15 vi.   Mary 'Polly' Foreman, born April 12, 1812 in Floyd County, Georgia; died July 03, 1864 in Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, Oklahoma.

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