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View Tree for Dr. Henry WoodwardDr. Henry Woodward (b. Abt. 1646, d. Abt. 1686)

Henry Woodward was born Abt. 1646 in England, and died Abt. 1686 in South Carolina. He married Mary Godfrey on Abt. 1679, daughter of John Godfrey and Mary ???.

 Includes NotesNotes for Henry Woodward:
Henry Woodward got off the ship of Robert Sandford in 1666 to stay and live with the Indians on St. Helena Island and learn their language. There was no settlement between Cape Fear and the Spanish in St. Augustine when he did this. He was listed as the ship's churgeon (doctor). After being in South Carolina for about 6 months he wrote (in good Latin) to a Spanish priest in the area that he had been left by his ship and needed rescuing. The Spanish came and brought him to St. Augustine. The Spanish record says Henry was a native of London, but was not Catholic and they suspected that he might not even be Christian. They put him in the jail in St. Augustine. The Catholic priests got him out of the jail because he could speak the language of the Indians and was a doctor. After some time in St. Augustine, Robert Searle, the Privateer/Pirate (depending whose side you're on), attacked St. Augustine, and Henry left with him. While serving with the privateer he was shipwrecked on Nevis (ST. Kitt's) Island during a hurricane (17 August, 1669). The 3 ships coming to found the colony at Charles Towne put into Nevis for supplies. Their record says "We found one Henry Woodward in process of building a ship to come and tell your majesty of his discoveries in the new world. He has joined our expedition." So Henry was the First English Settler to South Carolina. He never really got along with the other settlers because he had not crossed the ocean with them and they thought of him as a hitch-hiker. He did many other wonderous things. He was Lord Ashley's Indian Agent. He was given 2,000 acres of land by Lord Ashley and chose James Island. He died in 1685 of a fever he got at the Scottish settlement at Stuart town. The Scots had jailed him for "trespassing" on Scottish territory. Many Scots died of a fever just after they let Henry go and Henry died of the same fever shortly after that. (That's a whole nother story.)
Bitsy Foster

Woodward, Henry (c. 1646- c.1686), surgeon, first English settler in South Carolina and pioneer of English expansion in the lower South, was perhaps a native of Barbados; he may have been related to Thomas Woodward, surveyor of Albemarle County, N.C. in 1665. As a youth he joined the Carolina settlement begun in 1664 near Cape Fear. In 1666 he accompanied Robert Sandford, secretary of Clarendon County, on his voyage of exploration to Port Royal. There he volunteered to remain among the indians to learn their language, and was given "formall posession of the whole country to hold as Tennant att Will" of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina (Collections, post, p.79), but the Spaniards shortly appeared and carried him off to Florida. He lived for a time with the parish priest of St. Augustine, professed Catholicism, was made official surgeon, and acquired important information concerning the affairs of the Spaniards, as he had earlier of the Indians on the North Florida border. In 1668 he escaped with the buccaneer Robert Searles when the latter raided St. Augustine. For a time he sailed the Caribbean as surgeon of a privateer, hoping to return to England with his report. Shipwrecked at Nevis in August, 1669, he took passage with the Carolina fleet of 1669-70, to become, as interpreter and Indian agent, the most useful servant of the Proprietors in South Carolina.
Woodward's unique services in exploration and Indian diplomacy began in 1670 with his journey inland to "Chufytachyqj" (Cofitachique?] on the Santee. He was early instructed by Lord Ashley, later Earl of Shaftesbury, to make private searches for gold and silver; and in 1671 he undertook a secret mission by land to Virginia. In 1674 Shaftesbury made him his agent in opening the interior Indian trade, and in 1677 his deputy. In the fall of 1674 Woodward traveled alone to the town of the warlike Westo on the Savannah River, subsequently describing his journey in "A Faithful Relation of My Westoe Voyage" (Salley, post). The alliance he then formed was for several years the cornerstone of Carolina Indian relations; with arms supplied by Woodward the Westo began their destructive raids against the Spanish missions in Guale (coastal Georgia). In 1680-81, however, the South Carolina planters, jealous of the monopoly established by the Proprietors in 1677 over the inland trade, attacked the Westo and expelled the remnant of the tribe from the province, and Woodward was in disgrace. In 1682 he went to England and secured pardon and reinstatement. There he also obtained from the Proprietors an extraordinary commission to explore the interior beyond the Savannah River.
It would seem that Woodward had already established some sort of relations with the Lower Creeks, perhaps as early as 1675. He now pressed the trading frontier of Carolina rapidly westward to their towns on the middle Chattahoochee. Lord Cardross at Stuart's Town (Port J. Royal) had hoped to engross the Creek trade, and he arrested Woodward at Yamacraw in the spring of 1685; but by summer Woodward had led a dozen Charles Town traders to the Kasihta and Coweta towns. There he precipitated a sharp conflict with Franciscan missionaries and Spanish soldiers from Apalache. The issue was at first doubtful; but by 1686, when Woodward, ill, made the dangerous journey back to Charles Town in a litter, followed by 150 Indian burdeners laden with peltry, he had laid a firm foundation for the English alliance with the Lower Creeks. Woodward apparently never returned to the West, and probably died shortly after his greatest adventure.
After the death of his wife, Margaret, he married a widow, Mrs. Mary Browne, daughter of a leading Carolina planter, Col. John Godfrey. Among his numerous distinguished descendants were Robert Y. Hayne and the poet Paul Hamilton Hayne [qq.v.].

[I. W. Barnwell, "Dr. Henry Woodward, the First English Settler in S. C., and Some of His Descendants," S. C. Hist. and Geneal. Mag., Jan., July 1907; S. C. Hist. Soc. Colls. vol. V (1897); Woodward~s "Faithfull Relation~ in Narratives of Early Carolina (1911), ed. by A. S. Salley, Jr.; Cal. of State Papers, Colonial Ser. America and West Indies , 1669-88 (1889-99); H. E. Bolton and Mary Ross, The Debatable Land (1925); V. W. Crane, The Southern Frontier 1670-1732 (1928), with references therein.] V.W.C.

See also "Ancestral Records & Portraits" Volume 1 (A Compilation from the Archives of Chapter I, The Colonial Dames of America) Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1969. pp 384-385.


"The other vessel, which had been sent back to Barbados, now returned and was put under the command of Robert Sandford, who in 1666 followed Governor Yeamen's directions to explore the lower coast. Along with this vessel went a small sloop under the command of Ensign Henry Brayne.
......The friendly cassique at Port Royal now brought to Sandford a young man, his nephew, whom he wished to go with the English ship on its voyage. In return, Henry Woodward, a ship's surgeon who had been with Sandford's company, expressed his willingness to stay with the Indians as a guarantee for the Indian traveler. After a friendly agreement with the cassique and his people arrangements satisfactory to both parties were made and Woodward was placed by the side of the chief as one of his own people and installed officially as a member of the Indian nation. To strengthen the bond, the cassique bestowed on him as a companion and handmaiden the sister of the Indian who was to voyage with Sandford." (See following footnote, pp 20-21)*.

"One of the most colorful of the colonists, Henry Woodward, a ships surgeon, was with the company of Robert Sandford when he explored the Carolina coast and was left with the Indians at Port Royal when Sandford departed. There he was accepted by the Indians as one of their own people and lived with their respect and friendship for some time. Tiring of this life, he perhaps negotiated with the Spaniards to be taken to St. Augustine, or was captured by them. There he was treated well. When Searle, the buccaneer, made his raid upon that town, Woodward left with him, and became surgeon of a privateer which was wrecked on the island of Nevis. There he joined the ships bound for Carolina and served at CharlesTowne as an extremely valuable interpreter and explorer, and as a means of contact with the Indians. In June, 1670, he traveled to Cofitachiqui on the Savannah River and obtained supplies for the colonists. In July of the next year he went overland to Virginia and later, in 1674, he made investigations among the Westo Indians for which the Proprietors rewarded him with a grant of 2,000 acres and a commission as deputy and Indian Agent.
Joining a party of Westo's which visited Shaftesbury's plantation at St. Giles at the head of the Ashley River, he passed through the Edisto country, and moved west and southwest for some distance into the hills and to the Indian town on the Savannah River, where he was received with great honor and ceremony. He observed the strength and ways of the Westo's, explored some of the adjacent country, and established what was to become a flourishing trade. Later Woodward took part in the Westo Wars of 1680-1681 and though he came under some suspicion of having assisted the enemy, he was exonerated and pardoned. Later still he conducted further exploration and in 1685 was arrested by Lord Cardross in the Yemassee territory. He returned to CharlesTowne, but is thought to have died soon after this incident, leaving a numerous train of descendants in Carolina." (See following footnote, pp 45-46)*.

* "The First Voyage and Settlement at Charles Town, 1670 - 1680", by Joseph I. Waring, Tricentennial Booklet #4, 1970, University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, S.C.

More About Henry Woodward and Mary Godfrey:
Marriage: Abt. 1679

Children of Henry Woodward and Mary Godfrey are:
  1. +John Woodward, b. 19 February 1680/81, South Carolina, d. 18 January 1726/27.
  2. +Richard Woodward, b. 09 July 1683, South Carolina, d. 1725.
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