Notes for Josias DuPre: Sources : (1) SNDE92B@prodigy.com (MRS ROBERT E WALLACE) (2) http://www.familytreemaker.com/users/s/i/m/John-J-Simons-iii/index.html >; John James Simons, III; P O BOX 884; Eutawville, South Carolina; 29048; Phone : ( 803 ) 492-7523. The family of Josias DuPre, who were respectable people in France, had to fly from there to England at the revocation of the Edict of Nantes and while in England they found Benjamin Simons, a French child, whom they took into their family and brought him to settle in the wilderness of South Carolina, and that he afterwards married one of the daughters of Mr. DuPre by the name of Mary Esther. Josias DuPre brought two sons who were men of fashion, but could not endure the labor of the axe and the splitting wedge, and returned to Europe. (3) " Gaillard Genealogy ", by Dorothy Kell McDowell, The R. L. Bryan Company, Columbia, South Carolina, 1974, Page 129. (4) SOUTH CAROLINA -- MESNE CONVEYANCES (CHARLESTON), Bk. H, p. 68. 27 Dec. 1711. Josias Dupree and Wife, Ann Dupree, to Samuel Mouzon, of Christ Church Parish, Planter, and St. James Parish Santee, Planter, respectively, S00 A. for 767 Lbs. 7s.6p., tract in Craven County, SW on Tibwim Creek, NE to Lewis Mouzon's MW to Stephen Seavey's, SE to Marsh of Sea Shore, formerly sold by John Hales to Josias Dupree - all buildings, gardens, waterways, etc. Witnesses: Jno. Skinner Josias Dupre' (LS) Lewis Dupre Ann Dupre (LS) Prov. 3 Feb. 1762. (5) SOUTH CAROLINA - WARRANTS FOR LANDS IN S. C. (1672-1711) Compiled by A. S. Salley, Jr. 1910, p. 24 By the Honoble: the Governor (Dated 7 May 1694) Whereas Isaac Varry hath made it appeare that he was Imported into ___s Pvince by Monsr: Josias Dupre, as his servant in the year 1686 in a ___taine ship Whereof Captt Tho: Hastead was Comander, you are therefor Survey and admeasure out unto the sd Isaac Varry 50 acres of Land according to the Rules and proportions appt by the Lords Proprietors Instructions for granting Land bearing Date ye 6th day of Feb'y 1692, of which survey you are to make Certificate....etc.
p. 176. 20 Jan. 1702. Thomas Habdane had a Special Warrant for 160 A. fronting on the East side of "ye Eastermost branch of Cooper River and lying between Land of Josias Dupre and John Ashby." (6) PARISH OF ST. TH0MAS AND ST. DENIS, 1680-1884, Diocese of S. C., Coll. by Robt. F. Clute, Rector, 1884. "The three cemeteries of this parish are 1, The Brick Church (the Parish Church) 2. The Old Ruins (Charity Meeting Methodist Church) 3, Pompion Hill (The Chapel)"
Location of Parish: Peninsula formed by Cooper and Wando Rivers, probably settled by a few families before Old Charleston was removed to Oyster Point - DuPre shown as one of French Huguenot families here early. Josias DuPre signed as a Church Warden in the Old Parish Register.
p. 99. Deaths and Burials. DuPre, James, buried July 7, 1712.
Note: A. S. Salley says "Josias DuPre" according to original MSS Register, which is confirmed in hand-writing at the bottom "' Of this page (99) by "S L C S". (7) SOUTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL MAGAZINE, Vol. VIII, p. 169. Abstract from Records of Court of Ordinary: Jan. 20, 1689/90. John Mortimor, of Antigua, Merchant, acknowledged receipt of certain goods purchased from Josias DuPre and mentioned in an invoice then submitted by said DuPre. Witnesses: John Weader, John Lovell and Jacques DuPre, who made affidavit to that effect before Gov. Ludwell. (8) SOUTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL MAGAZINE, Vol 18, P. 22: Local pronunciation of Pompion is Punkin - It was a well known Plantation. (The Baronies of S. C., by Henry a. m. Smith) p. 18. In Ravenel Records, printed 1898, p. 19, is certification in Latin from the Rev. Mr. Philip Trouillart, 24 Sepr 1697, that on 24th Sept 1689 at (Ponkin Hill Plantation he celebrated the marriage of Rene Ravenel 21 yrs of age, son of Daniel Ravenel deed and Charlotte de St Julien 19 1/2 yrs. old daughter of Peter de St Julien de Malacre residing at Ponkin Hill Plantation- p. 22. Nicholas de Longuemare is mentioned in the Marriage Certificate of the Rev. Mr. Trouillart before referred to as being present at the marriage together with Josias DuPre as friends of the bridegroom, Rene' Ravanel, (9) SOUTH CAROLINA HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL MAGAZINE, Vol, 18. (The Baronies of S. C., by Henry A. M. Smith), Contrd - p. 113. Mentions again presence of Nicholas de Longuenare and Josias DuPre' at marriage of Ravenel, as friends. Josias DuPre received a Grant adjacent to Longuemare. Josias DuPre had Grant of 730 A., 18 Sept 1703. Benjamin Simons had Grant of 350 A., 5 May 1704. (See DuPre - Simans connection later). - Many of these (others mentioned in a list given) were in the Province and were residents in the Orange Quarter before the apparent dates of their warrants. They seem to have gone into possession under some Authority, leave, or agreement, prior to receiving warrants and grants. They all seem to have settled there after 1685 and before 1711 and if the date of settlement was the date of arrival then they could none have been the immigrants brought over by the "Richmond". (The Richmond vessel arrived in 1680 (9) TRANSACTIONS OF THE HUGUENOT SOCIETY OF SOUTH CAROLINA, Vol. 54 (1949). Exports From Charles Town, 1690, by St. Julien Ravenel Childs.
p. 30. In 1690, when this consignment was shipped out of Charles town, the fortunes of South Carolina were at low ebb. Twenty years had elapsed since the beginning of settlement, but agriculture had made little progress, no staple had been found, and immigration from other parts of the British dominions had all but ceased. The colony depended largely on imports for such bare necessities as clothing, tools, weapons, drugs, and even many articles of diet, yet had little to export except products of the forest and the Indian trade. Under such conditions, Du Pre's consignment appears almost incredible. The conclusion that these goods had been produced in Europe seems irresistible, but what merchant in his senses would have brought them into Carolina?
Josias Du Pre came to South Carolina in 1686, bringing at least one manservant and probably a numerous family. That was the year following the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes. Almost the only immigrants to the Province were Huguenots, but they arrived in large numbers. It seems beyond doubt that Du Pre' was of this group. In 1687, he was groomsman at a Huguenot wedding in the district later known as the French or Orange Quarter, and there he eventually took up the land to which his headrights entitled him. In 1697, "Josias Dupree sen, mercht, Josias Dupree jr. shipwright, Cornelius Dupre planter", were among the foreign Protestants naturalized by the South Carolina Assembly. However, as no Du Pre is on the St. Julien List of Huguenot congregations in South Carolina about 1696, it is probable that the family affiliated early with the: Anglican Church or one of the English dissenting sects.
Unfortunately nothing is known of Du Pre prior to his arrival here. Presumably, he brought sufficient stock to set up trade or, more probably, to continue from a new base part of the trading in which he had previously engaged. Merchants were in a better position than most Huguenots to get their property out of France. Du Pre could have brought the goods in the consignment with him, but it would seem a curious selection if he had any opportunity to choose.
Another possibility is that he may have acquired sane of the items from buccaneers, then common visitors to Charles Town. Only two years later, a "privateer" came in with a rich haul from a Turkish ship taken in the Red Sea. Many of the crew settled in South Carolina, laying the foundations of several family fortunes. One, Francis Blanchard, promptly married Martha Du Pre, who was probably daughter to Josias.
Taken as a whole, however, the consignment lacks the flavor of pirate loot, and a third explanation seems the most probable. If Du Pre reached this country with a sufficiency of worldly goods, few of his fellow exiles were so fortunate. Many arrived with little but their lives, but they still possessed skills that had made them famous in Europe. There can be no doubt that among them were craftsman capable of producing just such commodities as appear in this consignment. There is nothing unreasonable in supposing; that they did so, particularly in the first grim years while they were seeking ways of earning their bread among strangers in a half savage land. Charles Town would have offered little market for their wares, but a shrewd merchant among their own people, especially one who had associated himself with the English, might have found ways to send their products to sane older and richer colony where luxuries were more in demand. Such a supposition fits well with what is already known of these people, and with the aid of this hypothesis, the consignment seems to afford a clearer picture of the exiles and the qualities that enabled them to survive.
The following document is copied from a MS volume in the office of the Judge of Probate in the Charleston County Court House, entitled; Will Book I, 1692-1693, pp. 14-15 (NOTE;: Totals will not be given).
Accounte of the goods mentioned in the invise. numbret and sealed with asign in Margine delivered by me Josias Du Pre unto John Martimore of antiguato be sold for my accounte and risco according the prise following and more if possible is (Seal)
8 yard Lords Scarlat Serges att 10 Schilling the Yeard 4 yeard (Scarce) Stripaed Sylk att 10 Sch a yrd 5-5/8 yrd white Sasnat. att 5 Sch a yrd 12 yrd broad blak alamode Silke att S Sch the yrd 3/4 yrd fine Musselaine att 6 Sch de 3/4 12 1/2 yrd Musselaine att 5 Sch a yrd 16 yrd fine browne holland at 7 1/2 Sch the yrd 13 yrd browne holland att 6. Sch the yrd 11 yrd browne holland att 5 Sch ye yrd 4 1/2 yrd Straeped (making) 6 neck cloths) att 2 1/2 Sch or 5 yrd Straeped (making 6 neck cloths ) half @ crowne peece yrd gympthreed lawse att 15 Sch ye yrd 6 pair white threed mans Stokins att 6 Sch a pair 6 pair white threed womans Stokins att 5 Sch a pair one pair browne threed womans Stokins for 6 Sch one pair browne threed womans Stokins for 5 Sch 8 1/2 yard blak Silke laese att 5 Sch a yrd 3 1/4 yrd blak Silke laese att 7 1/2 Sch a yrd 7 1/4 yrd white threed frange 2 1/2 Sch a yrd 3 pair perfumd mans gloves att 5 Sch a pair 2 pair colord mans gloves att 3 Sch a pair 3 pair white womans gloves att 5 Sch a pair 2 blak velvet masq att 10 Sch a peece 4 fanns No 1 perple with goold for 10 Sch 2 white painted att 5 3 red painted Sch 4 Sad color painted) peece 2 ombrello att 20 Sch peece 2 great box Games att S Sch pce 24 littel box Comes att one Reale pce 2 great horn Canes att 2 1/2 Sch a pce 4 middel Seis horn Comes att 3 Rll pce 1 1/2 Pound sented Powder att 10 Sch Ib 12 Sweet Sented was bole No 1-3 bigg sort att 4 Realls a pce 2-9 small @ 2 Reall a pce Transported anthother Part Par Transport of thother Part Soma in Carolina Money (seale) 2 bevers hatts att 60 Schelling a peece one Castor hatt for 25 Schelling 2 felte hatts att 15 Schell a pce 6 Children hatts at 5 Schell a pce 4 hatts bands 2 goold ) att 2 1/2 Sch a pce 2 silver) 5 hatts bands 4 goold 1/silver ) att 2 Schell a pce 3 silver twisted hatts bands att 18 pens poe 10 snell twisted hatts bands 4 goold ) at 15 pens poe 6 silver) 4 1/2 yeard open silver lase att 4 Sch a yrd 4 1/4 yrd. do. Narrow att 2 1/2 Sch a yrd 4 1/4 yrd. dos Silver Lase att 5 Sch a yrd 4 1/2 yrd. goold and silver parlde laese att 4 Sch a yrd 4 1/2 yrd. goold dos parlde lase att Ir Sch a yrd 10 greate Colord Stonn Rings att 1 Rll a pce 10 small white Stonn Ring at 1/2 H11. a pce 24 Red horne Ring att 2 1/2 pens a pce 6 Bayonnette 4 brase) (att 5 Sch a pce garde (att 7 1/2 Sh a pce 2 yron ) 8 pair schoes 6 pair manns att 5 Sch a Pr 1 pair guerlle schoes for 3 Sch 1 pair litle chide schoes for - 12 pair of Bokels 6 Sallow) att 2 Rll. pce 6 white one watch wth a carfde silver kaese, a blake Sele skinn kaese-silver chaine, brass key for Pound one watch wth a plaine silver kaese. blake Sele Skinn kaese. Silver chaine. No key nor Snaape Six P one Snoff Cabos box with a brass panpe fyve schellin 300 needls att 3 sch the 100 36 womans) Timbals att 1/2 Rll. a poe 12 mans ) one cutlas for 30 Sch 12 Douzne. skaine severall colord threed att 2 Rll. a Douzne skaine 4 shamois skinn weight 30 onces att 5 schellin pce 3 lamps white lattine att 4 Rll. a pce one Litle kaske with 15 pound excelent butter att 2 Rll a pound
(NOTE: The total for the lot was 85 Lbs. 7s.6p.)
Know all mans by these Prsnt that I John Martimor Marchand & Planter att antigos Aknowledge to have received ye goods here in menconed all numbred & Sealed al in ya margaine from Josias Du Pre Marchand in Carolina wich goods I promise to doe all my Endevor to sele them according ye prise in these invise & moor to his best advantage & greats profit & to returne unto him ye money goods & neegros Proceeding of ye sold goods wth ye onsold goods in suffisant Condition Provided hee shall allowed for my Commission & all Charges Tyn par Cente of the Sold goods & notingh far ye onsold; By this said Du Pre is to runn ye Risco of ye Sae going B returneing From Carolina to & from Antigos back.
Sind Seld and John Martimor (SeaLe) Delivered in ye present of John Meader John Lovell Jacques Du Pre
Carolina ss. By ye Rt honoble ye Governor These are to Certifye all whome it may Concerne yt on ya 27th day of November 1692 psonally appeared before me in Charles towne in ye Province of Carolina John Lovell & Jacques Du Pre two of ye witnesses above written & affirmed yt they saw ye above named John Martimore signe & seale as above In testimony whereof I have here unto sett my hand & caused ye seale of ye Collonie to be affixed ye day & yeare abovesd. Phill: Ludwell Recorded 3d December 1692 J. Hobson Sy
NC1PE: The foregoing is included herein, not for its genealogical value, but for its interest and insight into one facet of the times in which were involved two members of the DuPre family, Josias and Jacques (James) DuPre, who were among the first by that name in this country.
More About Josias DuPre and Martha Brabant: Marriage: 1660