Notes for Samuel Gann: This information was obtained from The Registry, published by the Gann Historical Society and Library, Inc. Numbers in parentheses after names refer to that person's record identification number in the Registry. Note that there are many Ganns with the same name (e.g. Samuel and Nathan were common names for many early Ganns), and the record identification number is necessary to keep them separate. (The relationships shown here are not completely proven, but are likely from what is know from available documents.) Samuel Gann was born about 1705 and died sometime before 1762 in Frederick Co., Virginia and was buried in Virginia. It is not known where he was born or who his parents were. He married Elizabeth, who died after 1762 in Rockingham Co., North Carolina. Most Ganns in America are descended from Samuel and Elizabeth Gann. Children of Samuel and Elizabeth Gann (Highlighted names have links to their own separate page.) Adam Gann (#2445) was born sometime between 1727 and 1735. /Nathan Gann (#3232) was born about 1729./Clement Gann (#3234) was born about 1733, probably in Frederick Co., VA. Clement went to North Carolina and then to Tennessee, but little is known of him. /John Gann (#13174) was born about 1736-1738. John died 1817 in Stokes Co., NC. John probably remained in North Carolina. He is assumed to be the same John who missed a militia call in Virginia in 1758, signed a petition in North Carolina in 1771, bought and sold land in Guilford Co., NC, and finally died without descendants according to his estate in 1817. It is recorded that all of his estate was to go to his brother, Samuel. Samuel Gann (#3236) was born 1748. The Gann Name by Joy Gann The name Gann probably originated in France near a hamlet about forty miles north of Paris named Gannes (pronounced Gann). Though not encountered in large numbers in any region, the surname, Ganne, is found today throughout France, particularly in the north and west. In 1276 there was a Lammekin Ganne living in Calais, an old northwestern French town located on the Strait of Dover a short distance across the Channel from the coast of England. During the Middle Ages Calais had a close association with England, due in part to the cloth trade and to the fact that England captured Calais from the French in 1346 and held it for over two centuries. By the early 1500s individuals bearing the surname Ganne lived just east of Calais near the two small towns of Poperinge and Armentieres in the dominion of Flanders. Since Flanders had been renowned the world over for cloth manufacture from early medieval days, it was no surprise to discover that the Gannes living there were weavers as well as part-time farmers and fishermen. The Protestant movement took root in Flanders early, and Ganne family members were soon part of it. By the year 1560, the Lowlands, Spanish territory at that time, were deeply embroiled in religious controversy. The devout, but intolerant, Spanish monarchs used force to quell the protest, causing thousands to leave Flanders. Many crossed the Channel to England, while some chose to move west towards the German principalities. Joos Gann, a silk weaver, may have been the first Flemish Protestant Ganne to settle in England. He was a member of the Dutch Church of London in the year 1560, but within a year Joos, along with hundreds of his confederates, was encouraged by the British officials to relocate to the port town of Sandwich in southeastern Kent County. Two other Gannes, Frans and Pieter, lived in Sandwich between 1567 and 1573, and in 1622 John Ganne's name appeared on a Sandwich list of "Foreign Protestants and Aliens in England." Otherwise, the surname, as such, is scarce in the Sandwich records, but this does not mean that there were no Gannes there. The Gannes and most of the other Flemish refugees were unsettled in this period and unquestionably were moving about within England and back and forth across the Channel frequently. During the years from about 1575 to 1650 there are numerous records in the archives of Leiden, Holland of transient Gannes who listed their residence as Sandwich or Colchester in England. Colchester, which lies just northeast of London in the county of Essex, is another of the towns that received large numbers of the 16th century Flemish religious refugees. Beginning in 1590 there were two Francis Gannes living in the All Saints Parish in Colchester. Likely these two were father and son with perhaps the elder Francis being the Frans Ganne that was in Sandwich in 1567. During the next 125 years several Ganne births appear in the register of the Dutch Church of Colchester, but about 1660, most of the Ganne couples of childbearing age disappeared from those records. What happened to them? Did they move somewhere else in England, or did they leave the country altogether? Since the year the Gannes began to disappear coincided with the year that Charles II was restored to the throne of England - an event which many Protestants feared would reinstate Catholicism as the preeminent religion of Britain - one is tempted to believe that at least some of the Colchester Gannes may have emigrated to one of the English colonies, a very popular thing to do at the time. In the American colony of Virginia around the year 1750, there were two or three males named Samuel Gann. Could these men be descendants of one of the several Samuel Gannes who were in Colchester in the early 17th century? The Flemish Gannes, however, were not the only Gannes, and certainly not the first to settle in England. It now appears that Gannes had been in England for a long time before the 16th century. Perhaps some came in connection with the cloth trade, or maybe as a result of associations formed with Englishmen who were in Calais during the period of English occupation. A Thomas Gann, educated at Oxford, was rector of the Church of St. Mary and St. Nicholas in Saunderton, England in 1466. Not much is known about his background, but he may have been a member of the rather extensive Ganne family that was living in and near the counties of Northampton, Lincolnshire, and Rutland at that time. The Military Survey of 1522 for Rutland, a now defunct county, lists a John Gan of Ryhall, who was a tenant to Lord Thomas Lovell, the "chieff lord of the seid Town." Some of the Lincolnshire Gannes lived very near the birthplace of the famous Captain John Smith of the Jamestown Colony, and not far to the north is where the beloved Pilgrims of Plymouth, Massachusetts started out. To mention this is not to suggest that Gann (e) s were a part of either of these colonies, only that they were in locations where there was religious and societal unrest for which emigration was a frequently suggested cure. To conclude, Colchester is not the only place where our curiosity is piqued by the information we find on the Gannes. What can be made of the following: in the parish church of Market Deeping, Lincolnshire on May 5, 1667 was christened Samuel Gann, son of Samuel and Elizabeth. These same names turn up in Virginia in the mid-1700s, although with no proven direct link. Who would ever have guessed that there were so many Ganns in the world, especially so many bearing the same names?/Ganns immigrated to the American colonies early, where they were perhaps a part of the Jamestown Colony, the very first permanent English settlement in America. Currently, Gann researchers are investigating the lineage of William Gany, whose surname may be a variant of Gann (e). William Gany, in Jamestown by 1620, was probably an offspring of a William Gayne of Sandwich, England, who died in 1596. This man left sons, William, John, and Henry. Henry was also one of the Jamestown settlers, while John probably remained in Sandwich and may have been the "John Ganne" listed as a resident of Sandwich in 1622. Both William Gayne of Sandwich, England, and William Gany of Jamestown, Virginia, described themselves as "Mariner." /Other Ganns living in America during the colonial period include a John who settled on Long Island, New York, by 1636; a John who was in St. Mary's County, Maryland by 1710; and a third John Gann, a native of Germany, who was in Upper Saucon Township, Northampton County, Pennsylvania, by 1765. There are still many descendants of this third John living in Lycoming County, Pennsylvania, but apparently none bearing the name Gann. Additional Gann immigrants who came from Germany to Philadelphia early were Hans Jerg Gann who disembarked in the late 1720s; Fridrick, Thomas, and Johannes Gan(s) who arrived in 1750; and Christopher and Casper Gann who came in 1754. Hans Jerg Gann's family came from Ostelsheim in the Alsace-Lorraine, and it may be that the others came from that region also. Outside the family of John Gann of Lycoming County, few records have been found for the German Ganns in Pennsylvania. Perhaps no heirs survived, or their descendants migrated west, or maybe their surname was really Gans, Ganz, or Gantz - or at least changed to that by English speaking scribes who could distinguish no difference in the sound of the names. Finally, there was an English-speaking Gann family in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia before the year 1750. Records exist for Gan/Gann(s) by the name of John, Clement (Clam), Nathan, Samuel, Isaac, Elizabeth and Adam in Frederick County, Virginia, during the period 1748 to 1763. The exact relationship of most of these individuals has not been determined, though there was one couple named Samuel and Elizabeth Gann, and the way some of the names appear in documents suggests kinship. One Samuel, perhaps two, died before 1762, but at least one survived. That Samuel Gann swore in Rockingham County, North Carolina, in 1832 when he made application for a Revolutionary War pension, that he had been born in Frederick County, Virginia, around the year 1748. Sometime after 1763 the Virginia Gann family migrated south, settling near the North Carolina / Virginia border at various points along the Dan River. The fact that the signatures of Adam, Nathan and Samuel Gann all appear in sequence on a 1773 petition in Guilford County, North Carolina, suggests that some of them lived close together for a while. Then, about the onset of the Revolution, these Gann men began to go their own way. In 1776, Adam Gann bought land in Halifax County, Virginia, owning it just a couple of years before moving his family west over the mountains to Washington County, Tennessee. In 1778, Clement Gann purchased land in Caswell County, North Carolina, held it about a year, and then he too moved on to Tennessee./Nathan Gann chose to move his family to Wilkes, Oglethorpe County, Georgia. Only John and Samuel Gann, whose sibling relationship has been proved, remained in North Carolina. No descendants have been discovered for Clement or for the John Gann that died in North Carolina in 1817, but three of the others left known progeny. Adam Gann's family prospered and multiplied, so that today his descendants live not only in Tennessee, but can be found in most of the other 49 states as well. The Georgia Gann family, descendants of Nathan, also thrived, and while not so numerous as Adam's family, they are many and are widely distributed. The North Carolina descendants of Samuel are not so abundant, and interestingly, they have tended to stay put more than the descendants of either Adam or Nathan. Most of Samuel's descendants have chosen to remain in the Piedmont region of North Carolina within easy driving distance of Rockingham County, where old Samuel Gann lived out his life. Many people have played a part in the search for the history of the Gann family. Enough pieces have been added to the puzzle so that the emerging picture begins to take shape. More is needed, however, to make the picture whole./ Thanks Joy for a great job./ Re: Adam Gann's birthplace /Posted by: Kay Silkey Date: February 22, 2001 at 19:38:45 /In Reply to: Adam Gann's birthplace by Bonnie Gann Wilkes of 1642 /The Alsace/Lorraine theory has been disproved through the diligent, thorough research of Joy Gann Brown over many years. For further information, consult the back issues of the Gann Gazette. Samuel and Elizabeth Gann are found in Virginia before the Johannes family immigrated to Pennsylvania. The most likely scenerio that we are working on now is a Clement Ganne that appears in St. Mary's County, Maryland in the early 1600's. He was an immigrant from England and it is known that the Ganne's lived in the southern part of England during the same time frame. They immigrated from what was known as Flanders and were weavers by trade.
More About Samuel Gann: Burial: Unknown, Frederick County, Virginia.
More About Samuel Gann and Elizabeth Christian: Marriage: Bef. 1727, Virginia.
Children of Samuel Gann and Elizabeth Christian are:
+Adam Carter Gann, Sr, b. 1727, Frederick County, Virginia, d. Aug 06, 1812, Dandridge, Jefferson County, Tennessee.