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Albert King Thurber

Albert King Thurber, third president of the Sevier Stake of Zion, was the son of Daniel Thurber and Rebecca Rhodes Hill, and was born April 7, 1826, in the town of Foster, Rhode Island. His ancestors were English on both sides. In a short life sketch which he wrote several years before his death, he writes: "My grandfather was in the Revolutionary war. When I was but six years of age, he took me by the hand and walked out south of the city of Providence, and showed me earthworks (rifle pits), which he assisted in throwing up to resist the threatened raid of the British forces that were lying at Newport, and intending to land between that place and Providence, and march into the interior. I received but a limited common school education. At nine years of age, I left the paternal roof, and went to reside with an uncle in West Killingly, Conn., from which place I went to Pomfret, and afterwards to South Scituate, Providence county, Rhode Island, where I learned the trade of a comb-maker. In 1844 I went to Leominster, Worcester county, Mass., and worked at my trade. In 1845 I was employed to go to Auburn, New York, and establish the business of comb-making. In this I was very successful. Here I joined the Auburn guards, a state military company, organized as a reserve guard for the state prison. I became proficient in drill and enjoyed myself very much with my associates in this company. Here I made the acquaintance of Governor Seward. I returned to Rhode Island and engaged as clerk in a store. Thence I again went to Massachusetts, and was there when the report of finding gold came from California, in 1849, reached the east. I left Boston, in company with forty-three others for California (overland). The company was completely organized, uniformed and equipped as a military company. We arrived in Salt Lake City, June 15, 1849. I knew nothing of the religion of the Latter-day Saints, but had heard of Joseph Smith's golden Bible, Nauvoo and Salt Lake. I asked and was granted the privilege of pitching tent in the 'Old Fort.' After we had got our camp arranged, which was after dark, I stepped out of the tent, which was surrounded with bystanders, and asked the question, 'What kind of a God do you 'Mormons' believe in?' and was much astonished when answered by a young man that they believed in a God with body, parts and passions; one that could see, hear, talk and walk. This answer led me to much inquiry, and resulted in my being baptized, in September, 1849. In November of the same year, I started again for the California gold mines, in company with about thirty persons from Salt Lake City. I think this was the first company of 'Mormons' who went through the south route from Salt Lake to California with wagons. There was no house at that time between Provo and California. I entered the Golden Gate State, carrying all my wealth on my back, took ship at San Pedro and went to San Francisco, where I arrived in March and remained one month. There I cast my first vote for Jack Hays, of Mexican war notoriety, for sheriff of San Francisco county. I spent the summer of 1850 in working in the placer mines in California, and returned to Utah in September of that year. In the fall of 1851, in company with John W. Berry and James W. Thomas, I moved to Spanish Fork, Utah county, at that time a great home for the Indians. I commenced to study their language, and became somewhat proficient. In that acquirement I have been able to do the country some good, by aiding in an early time the settlement of many difficulties between the Indians and the whites. There were but four other families located on the Spanish Fork river at the time I went there; and they were four miles above. Other settlers soon came there to find homes. In the spring of 1852 the militia of the county was organized and I was elected first lieutenant of Company E, second regiment of the Peteetneet military district. I assisted in building the settlement of Palmyra (subsequently abandoned), of which the present city of Spanish Fork took the place. In 1853 I was selected as adjutant to Major Stephen Markham. During the Indian war of 1853, for a short time, I also acted as adjutant to Colonel Peter W. Conover. I served two years as first counselor to Bishop John L. Butler, of Spanish Fork Ward, and, on his death, which occurred in 1859, I succeeded him as Bishop, and continued in that position until 1874, when I was called by President Brigham Young to go to Grass valley and the Sevier country, principally to use my influence in the interests of peace with the Indians inhabiting and visiting that country. I served eight years as mayor of Spanish Fork city, three terms as a selectman of Utah county, and seventeen terms as their representative in the legislative assembly. I was delegate from that county to two conventions to frame a constitution for State government. I was graded up in a military capacity from lieutenant to captain; from captain to major; and, in 1866, while in London on a mission, I was elected brigadier-general of the second brigade second division of the militia of Utah. I moved to Richfield, Sevier county, in 1874; was first counselor to Joseph A. Young, president of the Stake. I have served three terms in the legislature as councilor from Sevier and Sanpete counties." After the death of President Joseph A. Young, in 1875, Elder Thurber acted as president pro tem, of the Sevier Stake till 1877, when the Stake presidency was reorganized and Elder Thurber was chosen as first counselor to Pres. Franklin Spencer. He acted faithfully in that capacity till June 24, 1887, when he was chosen and set apart as president of the Stake; which office he filled with signal success and ability until his death, which occurred at Ephraim, Sanpete county, March 21, 1888. Referring to his useful career, the "Deseret News" said editorially at the time of his demise: "Brother Thurber's devotion to the public service was pre-eminent, allowing himself so little time to devote to those immediately his own, that he never gathered around him more of life's comforts than was absolutely necessary to enable him to subsist. He had a sympathetic heart, as evidence of which we have seen his large, kindly eyes moisten under the influence of a tale of distress. He had been expecting his end for some time, and viewed the termination of his earthly course with that imperturbable complacency that might be expected from one with as clear a record as his." [Source: Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia, Volume 1]

Thurber line: Albert King7, Daniel 6, Nathaniel5, Daniel4, Samuel3, James2, John1.

Candace Thurber

Candace Thurber (Mrs. Thomas Mason Wheeler), artist, and craftsman, was born March 24, 1827, in Delhi, Delaware County, New York, the daughter of Abner and Lucy Dunham Thurber. Mrs. Candace Wheeler was the founder of the Society of Decorative Art and a little later, with her friend, Mrs. William Choate, evolved the idea of the Woman's Exchange, to supplement the work of the Decorative Art Society. This extended opportunities to the home woman who was skilled in cooking luxuries and making useful and pretty articles for the home that hardly fell into the distinction of "Decorative Art." Mrs. Wheeler was also the moving spirit of the Associated Artists, which was the moving force of the growth of industrial art throughout the country. Mrs. Wheeler was appointed Director of the Bureau of Applied Arts of the Woman's Building at the Columbian Exposition. She is the author of books on interior decoration and embroidery and allied subjects, and after she was ninety years old wrote her autobiography, Yesterdays in a Busy Life.

Candace Thurber grew up on her father's farm, on the uplands of the Delaware Valley, which are really the foot hills of the Catskill Mountains. Her parents reared a family of eight children [Note: another source lists 10 children] of whom Candace was the thirdall destined in due time to take their useful places in the varied activities of our country. Her father and mother had brought with them from their Puritan ancestors the traditions of the sturdy pioneers, well educated in self-reliance, habits of thrift and industry, and knowing all the crafts of home making in a completeness seen most often in the early Southern plantations.

Spinning and weaving, both of wool and flax, for winter and summer garments was entirely a matter of course. Both the sheep and the flax were grown on the farm for that purpose. Trapping, curing and preparing of the furs for cold weather wear, were the usual part of the family duties. Of all food products there was competent handling; the making of butter and cheese, the curing and packing of meats, the drying or preserving of fruits and vegetables provided a well filled larder for family and friends. Sometimes, outside wild food would come to themas witness a small adventure of the little Candace: One early summer evening she was sent out to "water down" some webs of flax lying on the margin of a nearby stream. While carefully doing her work, she was annoyed by a big strange dog that followed her about, snuffling and growling. Finally, its attentions became so alarming that she ran home and told of it. Her father and brothers slipped out with their guns and for sometime afterward the family added bear steaks to their menu.

It was easy to discern her New England parentage in the energy and enterprise of her character and the interesting blending of idealism with the intensely practical. Her father early developed her love of nature and showed her how to express its beauty in words. She often told of going to meet him when he came home at the hour of sunset, and they would take this time from their busy lives to sit on a rock in the upper meadow and watch the day die into dusk and the pale glimmering of the lovely Delaware deepen in to darkness in the valley. Then they would walk home, hand in hand, exchanging thoughts, and that night each would find time to translate what they had seen and felt into a poem to be read to each other at their next meeting in their chosen studythe upper meadow.

Candace's grandparents came from Salem, Massachusetts. Her grandmother, Lois Pickering, and her twin sister Eunice, were orphans and lived with their cousin, Timothy Pickering of Salem, who was an active and well known character in New England history, having been Secretary of War, also, Secretary of State under George Washington, and again Secretary of State under John Adams.

Her grandfather, Doctor Abner Thurber, met and fell in love with Lois Pickering, but his suit was not pleasing to her guardians because of the doctor's frivolous tastes and habits. He loved to play on the violin and flute, and it was even whispered that he was in favor of that most ungodly pastimedancing! So one day these young people quietly eloped, taking the violin and flute and their happy youth along to find a new life and home in what was then considered the wilderness. Lois rode on a pillion behind her husband and they broke their long journey at the rare villages or scanty farm houses along the way. They were always welcome guests for the gay young doctor had professional skill as well as a charming temperament and musical gifts. They finally came to Cooperstown, which was their objective, and there they lived happily and raised a family of four children [other sources say seven]. After awhile the good doctor laid down his cheerful and helpful life, and the children grew up and scattered.

Abner 2nd, the eldest son and father of Candace, took his young wife and his mother fifty miles west to Delhi where he bought the large hill farm upon which his eight children were born and reared until they again were scattered into the world, this time to big cities. This was the background and environment in which Candace Thurber was brought up, trained in all the useful arts by her able mother, and in the higher walks of the mind, in poetry and writing and drawing by her most unusual father.

Music also enriched the family life, for this gift had been freely lavished upon all the brothers and sisters by the doctor grandfather. They all played instruments and all sang, some of them more than merely well.

At the early age of seventeen, Candace married Thomas Mason Wheeler, a merchant from New York, who was spending his summer vacation in Delhi. With him she left her early active country life, in the quiet Valley of the Delaware, to become in time an equally active member of the literary, artistic and social life of New York. Nearly all the painters and writers of the latter half of the nineteenth century became the friends of Mr. and Mrs. Wheeler and were familiar figures in the pleasant home that was their own by right of their eager active minds. Nor were the many friends confined to this country alone, as the attractions of this hospitable household drew many guests from other countries.

It was not until her four children were grown and while she was still a young woman in the full flush of her mental and physical energies, that Mrs. Wheeler came into the true range of her really useful and beautiful life. Always interested in the lives of women less fortunate than herself, she turned the inspiration of her mind and heart to the task of helping them to help themselves. Her thought was to show them how to make use of such talents as they had, just where they were, in their own homes. As yet the way was not open for women to go out into the world and get the education and special training they desired or needed. Many, nearly all, in fact, led starved ignorant lives in their isolated homes. If, by chance, their husbands were unable to give them freedom from actual drudgery, then, indeed, they were really marooned in very empty lives. Needle work was their only outlet, the one form of decoration to feed the eternal yearning for beauty in the human heart.
.
It was at this point, and to meet this need that with the aid of friends she founded the Society of Decorative Art. It was not so very long after this Society was in the full flush of its work that she found that it did not entirely meet the need that she meant it to. She had begun in the middle and it only covered the middle register. Here her friend, Mrs. Wm. Choate, came to the rescue and between these two clever and good women the Women's Exchange was evolved, which valuable Society Mrs. Choate founded and managed the rest of her life. This Society helped not only the women who could paint or embroider, but also those who could cook luxuries for the sick or make jellies and preserves and cake, and thousands of useful and pretty articles of the household that could not be called "Decorative Art."

After awhile, and very naturally, the other end of this Society of Decorative Art sprouted, and from it the Associated Artists grew and bloomed to its great and unexpected usefulness to the industrial art of the country. Mrs. Wheeler brought into this Association three of our foremost painters, who took as vivid an interest in the application of principles of art to the industrial necessities of life as she did, and the four came together as naturally as rain-drops in a pool. Louis C. Tiffany, who was already enriching the world with his stained glass, mosaics, and Favril glass, Samuel Coleman, an exquisite colorist and designer as well as landscape painter, and Lockwood de Forest, whose research in oriental color and design and whose intimate knowledge of its just application has never been surpassed, made the group of which Mrs. Wheeler was the natural and inevitable completion with her extensive knowledge of all kinds of textiles and weavings and embroideries. This early association marked the opening of the field of trained art to the industries of this country, and it is not too much to claim for it that it inspired most of the effort that soon became manifest in all forms of our domestic art and decoration.

Although The Associated Artists was of comparatively short duration it did its work very thoroughly. Art schools and artist artisan schools sprang up all over the country and the mind of the growing generation was turned to a higher plane than mere utility, in nearly every line of domestic life. The principles of form, line and color became a necessity in manufacturing of all kinds. Particularly, design in wall papers, hangings, dress materials, carpets and rugs benefitted by the movement, but its advantages penetrated far and wide in other branches too numerous to mention.

Mrs. Wheeler lectured and wrote much on these subjects and she mothered with her experience and sympathy many new enterprises inspired by this growth, that have since become established and flourishing businesses. Her little book and many articles on home rug making were instrumental in reviving this household industry that has now become of such wide spread value.

She wrote a useful book on interior decoration, and a history of embroidery in our own country from Colonial times. Incidentally, her love and understanding of nature brought one of the earliest and most charming little garden books into print, called Content in a Gardenas well as sundry and sporadic essays on fruit trees and garden flowers and weeds, gathered under the name of Doorstep Acquaintances. These essays are recognized to be classics in their way.

It was during the busy and productive period of the work of the Associated Artists, that Mrs. Wheeler was appointed Director of the Bureau of Applied Arts of the Woman's Building, at the Columbian Exposition of which her friend, Mrs. Potter Palmer, was head. This was, indeed, a test of her knowledge and ability to adjust forms of European art and industries, reflected through foreign temperaments with which she had no former dealings. It was a most exhilarating experience and gave her a wide outlook on world commerce and European manners and methods.

In spite, or perhaps because of these engrossing activities, Mrs. Wheeler found time to join her brother, Francis B. Thurber, of New York, in founding a Club and Summer Settlement in the Catskills, called Onteora, the Indian name of this region, meaning Hills of the Sky. This Club started as a small group of personal friends, mostly literary men and women, artists and musicians, and comprising some of the best known people of our country. Although nearly all of these friends have now passed the Great Divide, the Club still flourishes under the same name and includes many new people who enrich our literature and art.

Mrs. Wheeler's last book was her autobiography called Yesterdays in a Busy Life. Although it was written after her ninetieth birthday, it is as vital and freshly interesting as anything she had written earlier. It is a thrilling story of a vivid mentality progressing from an almost pioneer farm life through the growth and development of our still young civilization. It is a record of a life lived in fullness and unselfishness for the help of others and graced with all the charm of a most unusual personality.

Mrs. Wheeler closed her eyes upon the world she had loved and served so well on August 15,1923. Her life was just four years less than the full century. [Source: The Biographical Cyclopædia of American Women: Volume II - Wheeler, Candace Thurber - The Chicago Historical Society]

Thurber line: Candace7, Abner Gilman6, Abner5, Jonathan4, Jonathan3, James2, John1.

Caroline (Nettleton)Thurber

Caroline Melissa Nettleton (1864 - 1950) was born in Oberlin, Ohio, and was reared and educated in Philadelphia. She studied in Italy, Germany, and England, and received some of her art training in Paris under Jean Paul Laurens and Benjamin Constant. Caroline married Dexter Thurber (1861-1928) son of Gorham Thurber and Lydia Lancaster Herbert. Around the turn of the century she exhibited at the Royal Academy in London and the Paris Salon. Although her early subjects were children, she turned later to portraits of prominent individuals in the professions. In addition to her portrait of General Miles, she painted Governor Lucius Garvin of Rhode Island, Supreme Court justices of several states, and President Elizabeth Storrs Meade of Mount Holyoke College. Her portrait of General Nelson A. Miles hangs in the United States Army Military History Institute at Carlisle Barracks, Pennsylvania. [Sources: US Army Center for Military History Website; History of the Thurbers by Charles H. Thurber Sr. ]

Charles Thurber

Charles Thurber (2 Jan 1803 - 7 Nov 1886) was an inventor, manufacturer, and teacher. He was born in E. Brookfield, MA, the son of Rev Laban and Abigail (Thayer) Thurber. After attending the local public schools, Thurber was sent to Milford Academy, and subsequently prepared for college in Bellingham, MA, under a private tutor. At the age of twenty he entered Brown University and graduated in 1827 with the degrees of A.B. and A.M. With the opening of the school year in the autumn of 1827 he returned to Milford Academy as a teacher, where he served for four years. He then became principal of the Latin Grammar School in Worcester, MA, serving for eight consecutive years. He left when the pressure of outside business required his full attention. Three years prior to giving up his school work, Thurber entered into partnership with his brother-in-law, Ethan Allen, to manufacture firearms in Worcester. Because of Thurber's mechanical ability this partnership proved to be a most effective one. Within three years after it was formed, on Aug. 26 1843, a patent (No. 3,228) was granted him for a hand printing machine which proved to be the first invention that approximated a typewriter in the modern sense of the word. It was a type-wheel machine and suggested the first principle of the moveable carriage in that the letter spacing was effected by the longitudinal motion of a platen, a principle which is the feature of all modern machines [Note: this biography was published in 1936]. Furthermore, it incorporated a way of turning the paper when a line was completed. Thurber's typewriter was too slow for practical use. In 1845 Thurber obtained a second patent, No. 4,271. This was for a writing machine rather than a typewriter, for it was intended for the use of the blind and was designed to perform the motions of the hand in writing. Thurber called it a "Mechanical Chirographer." Allen and Thurber's principal business, however, was pistol manufacture. Thurber retired from active work in 1856.

During his active career he served as county commissioner (1842-44) and was elected a member of the Massachusetts Senate for one year (1852-53). He was a member of the board of trustees of Brown Univ. for over thirty years, from 1853 until his death. He married Lucinda Allen, sister of Ethan Allen [no, not THE Ethan Allen], immediately after his graduation from college. His wife, by whom he had two daughters, died in Worcester in 1852, and some time later Thurber married Mrs. Caroline (Esty) Bennett. From the time of his retirement until his death, he lived in Norwich CT, Brooklyn NY, and Germantown, PA. He died in Nashua NH. [Source: Dictionary of American Biography. 1936.]

Christopher Carson Thurber

Christopher Carson Thurber (19 May 1880 - 31 May 1930), social worker, was born in Norwich CT, the son of Charles Francis and Annie Elizabeth (Cragg) Thurber. After attending the Norwich Free Academy, he entered Trinity College, Hartford, in 1899, but left after one year to do settlement house social work in Danbury, NH. Thence he went to Canada to work for seven years introducing improved methods of caring for the mental and physical welfare of lumbermen in the woods. From 1910 to 1912 he was employed by the YMCA to do similar work among the soft-coal miners of Pennsylvania and West Virginia. In 1912 he became superintendent of the Home for Homeless Boys at Covington, VA. When the US entered WW I in 1917, he went to work in the army camps with the Red Cross. When the war ended, he became social director of the US Public Health Service in South Carolina.

In 1921 he joined the Near East Relief organization and was appointed head of an orphanage of 3,000 boys at Sivas in Eastern Turkey. After the defeat in 1922 of the Greek army in Anatolia by Turkish forces, Thurber took in 4,000 additional boys orphaned during the deportation and exchange of the Anatolian Greeks. For eight months he contrived to provide food and shelter for his boys, despite the meagerness of his funds and the suspicions of the local government. On one occasion he was arrested by Turkish authorities and so severely bastinadoed [beaten on the soles of the feet] that thereafter he always walked with a limp. Eventually he led 5,000 of the orphans on foot across the Pontic Mountains to the Black Sea coast. They were taken from there on American battleships to Constantinople and housed in the Selimiye Barracks, made famous by Florence Nightingale during the Crimean War. While working there among 11,000 typhus-stricken refugees, Thurber himself contracted the disease, but survived to become director of the Constantinople unit of the Near East Relief.

Invalided in 1924, he underwent three surgeries and spent nearly a year in hospitals, but was nevertheless able during two years to address more than 1,100 meetings on behalf of the relief organization, which in 1926 sent him back to Athens as director of its work in Greece.

In addition to regular duties connected with administering the orphanages and training the orphans in trades and farming, he undertook the establishment of three working-boys' homes for orphans who had left institutions and were earning their own living. His single-hearted devotion to the ideal of service, especially during a severe epidemic of dengue fever, his unstinted labors on behalf of Greek refugees, and his engaging personal qualities gained him the respect and affection of the Greek people to a remarkable degree. The government of Greece, which had bestowed upon him three decorations, including the Cross of War, and the Golden Cross of the Order of the Saviour, buried him with all the honors of a general after a state funeral in the Cathedral of Athens. [Source: Dictionary of American Biography. 1936]

Clarence Howe Thurber

Clarence Howe Thurber, educator, was born in Guilford VT 19 Sept 1888, son of John Wilkins and Eva (Howe) Thurber. After completing high school at Brattleboro VT, he was principal of an elementary school there for two years. At Colgate, where he was graduated A.B. with Phi Beta Kappa honors in 1912, he was awarded the Frisbie athletic prize for combining outstanding achievement in athletics with high scholarship. He was a professor in charge of debating and speech instruction at Wabash College and later at Perdue. After earning his Ph.D. in education from Columbia in 1922, he was an associate professor at Syracuse University 1922-1924, following which he went to the University of Buffalo as executive secretary, professor of education, and director of the summer session. Summer school attendance increased in seven summers from 2000 to 1000 students. He was responsible for the establishment of courses leading to degree in public school music, art, and nursing.

Form 1930 to 1933 he was dean of the faculty and director of the educational program at Colgate University. In 1933 he became president of the University of Redlands, California. [Source: The National Cyclopædia]

Thurber line: Clarence Howe8, John Wilkins7, Edward Jr.6, Edward5, David4, Jonathan3 , James2, John1.

Douglas Clark Thurber, Jr.

Douglas Clark Thurber, Jr. (24 Oct 1955 - 28 Jan 1980) of Manomet, Massachusetts, died in a fishing accident when fishing with friends aboard the Ter Aud. His arm became entangled in the trawl (six lobster pots and two buoys tied together) and he was pulled overboard into 45 degree water and dragged down 75 to 80 feet. A stone monument in Plymouth, MA is dedicated to those lost at sea, and was donated by friends of Dougie Thurber.

Thurber line: Douglas Clark, Jr.11, Douglas Clark10, Lester Winthrop9, Louis Hayden8, Edwin Bradford7, William Norton6, William5, John, Jr.4, John3, Thomas2, John1

Edward Allen Thurber

Edward Allen Thurber (1869-1930) was possibly the most erudite of the clan. Another educator, he was an outstanding professor specializing in rhetoric, and English and American literature. He later discontinued teaching to write for magazines such as the North American Review and Atlantic Monthly. His father was Edward Gerrish Thurber who achieved prominence as pastor of the American Presbyterian Church in Paris. [Source: 350 Years of Thurbers by Thurston T. Thurber]

Thurber line: Edward Allen6, Edward Gerrish5, Jefferson Gage4, Samuel Hallett3, Samuel Wilson2, Benjamin1

Edward Thurber, Jr.

He may be considered one of the more unfortunate of Thurbers. The Providence Plantation General Assembly voted in 1779 that "he is hereby declared to be entitled to receive a pension of 18 pounds per year during the term of his natural life" since "he, being in the service of the State, was deprived of one of his hands and greatly disabled in the other when firing artillery at the late election, by which misfortune he is rendered incapable of supporting himself by labor."

Francis Beattie Thurber

He was perhaps the most "establishment" Thurber. The youngest brother of Candace Thurber Wheeler (see above), he was born in a poor hatter's family in Delhi, NY, Nov 13 1842. He attended Delaware Academy in Delhi 1851-1854, Union Hall Academy 1855-56, and studied law at University Law School in NY 1896-98. He m. Jeannette Meyer in 1865. She was founder of the American Opera Company and the National Conservatory of Music, both in
New York (see below).

Francis Beattie Thurber joined his brother Horace Kingsley Thurber in the wholesale grocer business. At one time their firm occupied an entire block in a grand seven story building and was one of the largest wholesale grocery houses in the world (H.K. & F.B. THURBER & CO.) Francis founded the "American Grocer" publication.

In the financial panic of 1893 he lost his business and his fortune; he then studied to be a lawyer and at age 57 was admitted to the bar (the oldest law student in the State of NY). He was active in public affairs; although accused of working hand in glove with the Havemeyer sugar trust, he opposed monopolies, helping to establish the New York State Anti-Monopoly League, the New York State Railroad Commission, and the Interstate Commerce Commission. He was President of the U.S. Export Association; worked on the New York Chamber Of Commerce and was Commissioner in construction of the Brooklyn and Williamsburg bridges. He was in Union League, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, various Republican clubs, etc. Puck furnishes us a caricature of him as an "anti-monopoly grocery monopolist" accompanied by the likes of Gould, Vanderbilt, and Sage -- heavy hitters in their day. His daughter Jeannette M. married W. E. O'Connor, a Wall Street partner of Jay Gould, who incidentally came from the Cooperstown area also.

Francis was author of Coffee from Plantation to Cup, 1878, He died 1907. [Sources: 350 Years of Thurbers by Thurston T. Thurber]

Thurber line: Francis Beattie7, Abner Gilman6, Abner5, Jonathan4, Jonathan3, James2, John1

Frederick Butler Thurber

Frederick Butler Thurber (4 Feb 1883 - 20 May 1971), WWI Naval Commander, world class yachtsman, GIA Certified Gemologist No.1, and Prsident of Tilden -Thurber Company of Providence RI was the son of William Herbert Thurber and Julia Ann Butler.. He attended MIT and was in the class of 1906. In WWI he served as Commander of Mine Sweeping for the First Naval District.

Frederick, who was often referred to as FB by family members, was a world class sailor and a member of The Circumnavigator's Club. He was most famous for his small boat voyage in a boat called the 'Sea Bird' with with Capt. Thomas P. Day of New York and T. R. Goodwin of Providence, R. I. The boat itself, a "Sea Bird Yawl" became a famous design that is still used today.

In an article, "The cruise of Sea Bird" appearing in a 1945 issue of Yachting, F. B. Thurber wrote: "In 1911, when 'Sea Bird' and her three-men crew started on their voyage to Rome via the Azores, long ocean passages in relatively small boats were an almost unheard of yachting practice. This voyage marked the beginning of deep water cruising by yachtsmen in small boats. 'Sea Bird' was a 25-foot yawl with a draft of 3 feet 8 inches."

FB was involved with prestigious yachting organizations of his day such as the New York Yacht Club and the Ida Lewis Yacht club of Newport. The Watch Hill Yacht Club Club in RI holds and annual Frederick B. Thurber Trophy Race named for him.

Frederick worked at Tilden-Thurber, the oldest family owned retail business in the country until it closd in 19911. The AOL cityguide for Providence describes Tilden Thurber as follows:

"Housed in its original 1857 painted and decorated iron-facade building, Tilden-Thurber is an anomaly amid adult video stores and cell phone suppliers. It's a remnant of the 19th century grandeur and bustle of Providence's downtown commercial district. The business grew from a showroom for locally produced Gorham silver to a classy, four-story department store - Providence's version of Tiffany's. After the store closed in 1991, the building was purchased by real estate businessman Stanley Weiss, who installed the antique business on the first floor and his offices on the upper floors. Now, collectors and connoisseurs come to this stately, hushed store for fine 18th and 19th century American furniture and estate jewelry. You'll still find Gorham silver here as well as a variety of ceramics, from Chinese export porcelain to 19th century English bone china. -- Joellen Secondo "

Frederick B. Thurber was the first Gemologist in the country, a fact he was very proud of. He helped found the Gemological Institute of America (GIA), an organization that brought uniformity and integrity to the field According to the GIA history book: Legacy of Leadership: " Frederick B. Thurber of Tilden-Thurber Co. in Providence, Rhode Island, was "Certified Gemologist No.1." By 1935, Thurber was a member of the Institute's board of governors and the American National Retail Jewelers of America's representative on GIA's examination standards board."

Thurber line: Frederick Butler9, William Herbert8, Gorham7, Dexter6, Samuel5, Samuel4, Samuel3, James2, John1

Freeman Nathan Thurber

Freeman(1 May 1843 - 14 Dec 1902) must rank among the more patriotic Thurbers. He was the son of Lucius Thurber and Susan Dean Lund. In 1867, he married Almira Brown Stevens. At 18 years of age he left Burke VT and went to Manchester NH to enlist in the Civil War. He enlisted in 1861, was severely wounded at James Island SC and discharged in July 1862 for disability. He reenlisted, and was accepted even though he then had a wooden leg. His story was carried in the Manchester Mirror 18 Dec 1902. It read:

UNPARLLELLED [sic.] ENLISTMENT
That of Late Freeman Thurber of this City
Passed an Examination with a Wooden Leg
Accepted and Served in Cavalry Branch of the Service
An Interesting Incident in This Soldier's Experience Told by His Diary

"The death of Freeman Nathan Thurber, the well-known war veteran who passed away at his home on Chestnut St., Sunday, recalls some interesting history of the Civil War. Mr. Thurber served two enlistments, volunteering his services the first time when he was but 18 years old, but his second enlistment was particularly notable as it is not known to have been paralleled in the Civil War. He actually passed the physical examination and was accepted for active service in the cavalry while he was wearing a wooden leg.
Mr. Thurber was struck by a minié ball at the battle of Hilton Head S. C., Nov 7, 1861, receiving a wound which necessitated the amputation of his limb, and was discharged for disability on July 23, 1862. Returning home, he met some friends who were about to enlist in a cavalry regiment, and their talk filled him with an overpowering desire to return to the exciting scenes in the South. They encouraged him to make the attempt, and he agreed to re-enlist if he could pass the surgeons.
It must be remembered that the physical examinations were not nearly as searching in those days as they were at the beginning of the war, or as they were in the late war with Spain, and however it was done, Mr. Thurber succeeded in passing the surgeons and was accepted.
He was duly enlisted and he soon proved that he was able to follow the ordinary soldier everywhere. His officers were inspired with admiration for his pluck as well as with wonder over his mastery of his wooden limb, and one day his captain got into a discussion with a brother officer over the latter's ability to detect a man with an artificial leg.
The captain ordered Thurber to bring his own and the captain's horses, and both mounted. The captain dropped his glove, and Thurber, of course, dismounted and returned it to him. The captain repeated the trick and again Thurber picked up the glove and returned it, but he dismounted so gracefully and easily that the visiting officer was unable to detect the wooden limb either time.
Before he became sick Mr. Thurber was as expert with his wooden leg as some persons are with their natural limbs. He could catch and mount a horse in a field or board a railroad train in motion. It afforded him a good many amusing experiences and one in particular which occurred a few years ago, is recalled by his friends. Mr. Thurber had an appointment with a man in West Derry, but failing to keep it he sent his apologies and the explanation that he had broken his leg. He forgot to say that it was his wooden leg that was broken and his friend promptly sent his condolences. He was astonished when he met Mr. Thurber a few days later to find how quickly he had recovered.
On another occasion Mr. Thurber was riding on a load of wood on a cold day in winter, when the driver, a neighbor, noticed that his left foot and leg was not covered by the blanket. He remarked that Mr. Thurber had better take his share of the covering as it was cold enough to freeze one, and when he did not respond to the invitation, the driver himself reached over to adjust the blanket. As he did so he touched the wooden limb, and starting back with horror, he exclaimed:
"Great heavens, man! You have frozen it already. It is solid now."
Explanations followed and both had a hearty laugh over the mistake.
Mr. Thurber left a partial diary of his experiences, and among its entries is the following description of his voyage to Hilton Head:
"On October 18, 1861, we shipped for Fortress Monroe, arriving there the 22d. We left on the transport Atlantic, under Gen. W. T. Sherman, with a fleet of fifty vessels, of which eighteen were men-of-war under command of Commodore Samuel L. Dupont. As the fleet faided from view on the horizon, great excitement prevailed behind and many guesses were ventured regarding its destination. The mystery in which the expedition was enveloped increased its importance.
"Unnecessary delay after the embarkation of the troops rendered the departure too late for fine weather. One of the most terrible storms ever known in that latitude came up and lasted several days. Dread apprehensions filled the public mind, but the grand fleet was not left to the winds. The God that rolled up this mighty continent and founded a great republic upon it gave it dominion on the ocean as well as on the land.
"Dupont viewed the gathering storm with anxiety and prepared for it with the skill of a thorough seaman. The gale rose to a hurricane, which scattered the vessels with resistless force over the pathless deep the first night of November. Dupont at dawn surveyed the heaving sea from the flagship Wabash and not a sail was to be seen except his own.
"The crew of the transport Peerless was taken from the vessel while it was sinking and the steamship Governor washed ashore. When the storm was over the other vessels came up and continued on their course, arriving at Hilton Head, Nov. 4. The battle was fought on the 7th"
He was a member of the Derry post G. A. R.

Thurber line: Freeman Nathan7, Lucius6, Barnabas5, Barnabas4, Jonathan3, James2, John1

George Thurber

George Thurber (2 September 1821- 2 April 1890), botanist, horticulturist, author, editor, was born in Providence RI, the son of Jacob Thurber, a businessman, and Alice Ann Martin. For a time he attended the Union Classical and Engineering School of Providence, but was in the main, self educated. He early took up pharmacy, first as an apprentice, then as a proprietor in partnership with Joshua Chapin. He soon developed an interest in chemistry, and for a time he held a lectureship in this subject with the Franklin Society of Providence. Turning to botany for the sources of vegetable drugs, in time he came intimately associated with such eminent scientists as Asa Gray, George Engelmann, John Torrey, and Jean Lewis Rodolphe Agassiz. Plant study became an absorbing passion, and he eagerly seized the opportunity, presented in 1850, to serve as botanist, quartermaster, and commissary on the survey of the boundary between the United States and Mexico. For several years he pursued the fascinating, sometimes perilous business of collecting the native flora along the Mexican border. His herbarium assembled there, comprising many species new to scientists, formed the basis of Gray's "Plantae Novae Thurberinanae" (Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, n.s., vol. V, 1855). Among the new plants named for their discoverer was the cactus Cereus thurberi, subsequently cultivated in the desert regions of North Africa.

Thurber held a position in the United States Assay Office in New York (1853-56), was lecturer in botany and materia medica at the College of Pharmacy in New York (1856-61, 1865-66), and also lectured on botany at Cooper Union. The New York Medical College in 1859 conferred on him the degree of M.D. In the same year he was appointed to the chair of botany and horticulture at Michigan State Agricultural College (later Michigan State College). In 1863 he returned to New York to become editor of the American Agriculturist. Establishing his home on a small farm, "The Pines," near Passaic, New Jersey, he cultivated an experimental garden which furnished abundant material for the columns of his journal. His unsigned "Notes from the Pines" for years were conspicuous in horticultural literature for the extent and accuracy of their botanical information. His series entitled "The Doctor's Talks," noted for charming simplicity of style, was designed to instruct young people on scientific subjects. Under his editorship the American Agriculturist exerted a vigorous progressive influence upon agriculture and horticulture. He gave much attention to the exposure of business and professional frauds. In 1885 ill health forced him to relinquish the active direction of the journal, but he continued to contribute regularly to its columns up to the time of his death. He died in Passaic, survived by a brother and three sisters, with one of whom he had shared his home. He never married.

He was one of the earliest exponents of agricultural botany. His specialty was the grasses; he collected many specimens and long cherished the ambition, unhappily never realized, to publish a monograph on American grasses. He revised William Darlington's Agricultural Botany (1847) under the new title American Weeds and Useful Plants (1859), contributed botanical articles to Appleton's The American Cyclopedia (16 volumes, 1873-76) and the section on grasses to the Botany (1880) published by the Geological Survey of California, and supervised the editing of hundreds of rural books published by Orange Judd. He was president of the Torrey Botanical Club (1873-80), a life member of the American Pomological Society, a corresponding member of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, and an active member of the New York Academy of Sciences. In 1880, on a trip abroad, he visited many European botanists and horticulturalists, and in 1886 he was made a corresponding member of the Royal Horticultural Society of London. [Source: Dictionary of American Biography. 1936.]

Thurber line: George7, Jacob Barney6, Samuel5, Samuel4, John3, Thomas2, John1

Gorham Thurber

Gorham Thurber was born 9 April 1825, son of Dexter Thurber and Hannah Gorham. Gorham Thurber married Lydia Lancaster Herbert in 1848. Their son Dexter Thurber (1861-1928) married Caroline Nettleton, a noted artist whose paintings hang in the Supreme Courts of Rhode Island and Ohio [see above - Caroline(Nettleton) Thurber]. In 1850 Gorham Thurber became a partner with his cousin, John Gorham in J. Gorham and Son, a silverware firm formed by Jabez Gorham, father of John Gorham and Hannah Gorham. The company was then renamed Gorham and Thurber. In 1865 the firm was incorporated as Gorham Manufacturing Co. In 1887 Gorham Thurber left the business and bought an interest in the Henry T. Brown Co., to handle a retail outlet for the Gorham Manufacturing Co. products. This company was known as Brown and Thurber. Later the Tilden family bought out the Brown interests and the company was named Tilden-Thurber. Tilden - Thurber Company is still in business and offers a distinctive collection of antique and new jewelry, and also a large assortment of fine silver by Gorham and other renowned American silversmiths. The following description appears on the website of the Stanley Weiss Collection.
Today, as in 1856, TILDEN-THURBER is a Rhode Island name that signifies quality and beauty, in diamonds, fine jewelry, sterling silver, china, crystal and objets d'art. And today, TILDEN-THURBER enters its second century of service to the Rhode Island community with an optimistic outlook for the future; and, understandably, with a grateful nostalgia towards the persons and forces of the past which have helped to pave the store's road of progress to this present day. The Tilden-Thurber building is now the gallery of the Stanley Weiss Collection and the focal point of the revolutionary internet project: www.stanleyweiss.com

THE roots of- TILDEN-THURBER, go deep into the history and business development of the state, for it was in 1856, five years before the Civil War began, that the doors of the new firm opened at 60 Westminster Street next to the Arcade building. The sign above the window read GORHAM CO. AND BROWN, and Gorham Thurber, grandfather of today's president, was listed as one of the officers .

It was an uncertain time for the launching of a business. The national controversy and sectional strife which was to erupt five years later was already brewing. In that year, the fanatic, John Brown, whose name was to be remembered in a popular Civil War marching song, staged a massacre of pro-slavery settlers. News of the massacre may have shocked some Rhode Islanders, but they probably were more interested in reading their Providence Daily Journals of 1856--how the young bloods of these Plantations were endangering life and limb racing sleighs along the Pawtucket Turnpike on winter afternoons. These were the times and scenes as young Mr. Gorham Thurber became associated in a firm which was later to bear his name.

Gorham Thurber was an unusually active man in business and in the community. His leadership and his early relationship with the jewelry industry was well known throughout the country. Needless to say, he was one of the leading contributors towards the present success of the store as we know it today. Aside from his interest in GORHAM CO. AND BROWN, he formed a co-partnership with John Gorham, forming the firm of GORHAM & THURBER, which in time became the important concern known today as the GORHAM MANUFACTURING Co. Mr. Thurber was elected the first treasurer, and at every meeting until the year of his death was re-elected.

In 1878, while gas arc lights were beginning to appear in some American cities and horse-drawn trolley cars cranked through Providence streets, GORHAM CO, AND BROWN, the forebear of TILDEN-THURBER moved across Westminster Street from its original location and changed the name to HENRY T. BROWN & Co. Members of the board were Mr. Brown, Henry Tilden and Gorham Thurber. The firm remained there until 1895 when it moved into the present Tilden-Thurber building at Westminster.
[Sources: History of the Thurbers by Charles H. Thurber Sr.; Tilden-Thurber Co. website; Stanley Weiss Collection website.]

Thurber line: Gorham7, Dexter6, Samuel5, Samuel4, Samuel3, James2, John1

Harry Raymond Thurber

Harry Raymond Thurber (24 October 1895 - 19 September 1967), naval officer, was born in Iloquiam Washington to Frank L. Thurber and Emma Sophia Brown. He graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy in 1918 (class of 1919). He married Caroline Walden Andrews, 3 June 1922. He advanced through grades to rear admiral in 1947, and retired as a vice admiral in 1953. At the Battle of Midway he was commander of the Midway Refueling Unit. Decorations include: Distinguished Service Medal, Silver Star Medal, Navy Unit Commendation, World War Medal with destroyer clasp, Asiatic-Pacific Area campaign (with 7 campaign stars), World War II Victory, Korean Service, and U. N. Service.

Thurber line: Harry Raymondd, Frank Lyndon8, Frederick Calkins7, Hezekiah6, Amos5, Edward4, Richard3, Edward2, John1

Henry Thomas Thurber


Henry Thomas Thurber, private secretary to President Grover Cleveland, was born 28 Apr 1853 in Monroe, Michigan, the son of Jefferson Gage Thurber and Mary Bartlett Gerrish. He married Elizabeth Brady Croul 20 Oct. 1880. Henry graduated from the University of Michigan in 1874. He was a prominent lawyer, and held the office of private secretary to Grover Cleveland during his term as President of the United States from 1893 to 1897. He and his family resided at Detroit, Mich., where he died 17 Mar. 1904. Henry and Elizabeth Thurber had five children: Donald MacDonald Dickinson; Marion Bartlett, Henry Thomas, Jr.; Elizabeth; and Cleveland.

Thurber line: Henry Thomas5, Jefferson Gage4, Samuel Hallett3, Samuel Wilson2, Benjamin1

Ira Edward Thurber

The following obituary speaks for itself::
"The Lafayette-avenue Church of Brooklyn has just sustained a severe loss in the sudden death of Mr. I. E. Thurber, who has been for fifteen years one of its most efficient and beloved elders. On Monday June 2d he was on the floor of the New York Produce Exchange in his usual vigorous health and after a pleasant religious conversation with one of his associates, he said with characteristic cheerfulness, "O how good the Lord is to us!" The next morning he was stricken with apoplexy, and died in a few hours! A large concourse of mourning friends and church members gathered at the Lafayette-avenue Church on Friday, June 6th, and listened to a fervid eulogy pronounced by his pastor, Dr. Cuyler. Mr. Thurber was a native of Utica, was educated at Clinton, and spent the early part of his business life at Syracuse. He was a zealous member of the Fourth Presbyterian Church, and took an active part in organizing the Young Men's Christian Association. He removed to Brooklyn in 1872 and represented the great house of H. K. Thurber & Co. in the Produce Exchange. His warm heart and courteous manners made him a great favorite on Change, and he used his popularity as a means of commending Christ by faithful, personal conversation with his associates. He had the spirit of Harlan Page, and never spent a day without trying to do somebody good. His will be a crown of many stars. There are hundreds who will thank God for the loving words and concentrated life of I. Edward Thurber. He had just entered his sixty-second year, and was ripe for heaven." C.

James Grover Thurber

The author, cartoonist and humorist who grew up in Columbus Ohio, is surely the best known Thurber. His articles and cartoons in the New Yorker from 1927 until his death in 1961, have been enjoyed by millions. Thurber's 1947 story 'The Secret Life of Walter Mitty' featured a meek, mild-mannered, henpecked husband who escaped reality through daydreams in which he fantasized he was a great hero in perilous situations. Walter Mitty eventually became a term for any commonplace, unadventurous person who escapes through heroic fantasies. A British medical journal psychologist described Walter Mitty Syndrome as a "clinical condition, which manifested itself in compulsive fantasising."
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Since there are numerous other sites with detailed biographical information on James Grover Thurber, there is no need to include that information here. For information on his ancestors, click on the link to the Family Tree Maker Page associated with this site (see the menu at the left) and select Genealogy Report: Ancestors of James Grover Thurber.

Thurber lines [note - since James' grandfather Leander Thurber married Sarah Hull whose mother was Sarah Ann Thurber, James has 2 Thurber lines]: (1st line) James Grover9, Charles Leander8, Leander7, George Edwin6, Squire5, Samuel4, Samuel3, James2, John1 and (2nd line) James Grover10, Charles Leander9, Sarah Emeline HULL8(wife of Leander), Sarah Ann THURBER7, John6, John Jr5., John4, Thomas3, Capt. John2, John1

Jeanette (Meyer) Thurber

Jeanette M. Thurber was perhaps the first major patron of music in America, a founder of institutions and a
tremendous influence on the development of American music. The wife of a wealthy New York grocery
wholesaler, Thurber took it as her far-sighted mission to foster an American idiom at a time when concert
music, if it was known at all in this country, was an entirely German affair.

Jeanette Meyer (or Meyers) was b. 29 January 1850 in New York City, the daughter of Henry and Anne Marie Coffin (Price) Meyer. Her mother, born in Wappingers Falls, NY was of old American stock. Her father, originally from Copenhagen, Denmark, had come to New York in 1837. A devoted amateur violinist with independent means, he did much to stimulate his daughter's interest in music. She was educated privately in New York and Paris. She married Francis Beattie Thurber, a successful merchant in wholesale groceries, later a lawyer, and a principal organizer of the Anti-Monopoly League in 1881. They had three children- Jeannette M., Marianna Blakeman, and Francis Beattie.

Soon after her marriage, with the backing of her husband, Mrs. Thurber became interested in improving the facilities for musical education in the United States. She evolved the plan of a national conservatory in which thorough musical instruction along European lines would raise the level of professional performance in the United States.

In the 1880s she founded the American Opera Company and the National Conservatory of Music, both in New York. In 1891, while helping organize the celebration of the Fourth Centennial of Columbus' arrival in the New World, Thurber had the singular idea of importing a new kind of European influence. She invited Antonin Dvorak, one of the most lionized composers in Europe and a teacher at Prague Conservatory, to head the National Conservatory, specifically to help engender indigenous American composition. Enticed by the princely salary of $15,000 (including 10 concerts he would direct), Dvorak agreed, and the rest is music history. While in this country, over the next three years, Dvorak composed many of his most popular scores: Symphony No. 9 'From the New World', the Cello Concerto in B minor, and the "American" String Quartet in F and String Quintet in E --along with his cantata The American Flag.

Thurber's role was central in Dvorak's whole experience here. She negotiated and re-negotiated contracts (very difficult when the Panic of 1893 severely curtailed her income), but also urged Dvorak to hear American music and incorporate them in his works. Her vision of American music was inclusive; she presented concerts of African-American students, both composers and singers. Harry T. Burleigh, the first conservatory-accredited African-American composer, was among Dvorak's students. The master was completely in tune with Thurber's musical purpose. In an 1893 letter to the New York Herald, he wrote, "The country is full of melody, original, sympathetic and varying in mood, color, and character to suit every phase of composition. It is a rich field. America can have a great and noble music of her own, growing out of the very soil and partaking of its nature--the natural voice of a free and vigorous race."

These were radical words at the time, but they sank in. Dvorak's tremendous appeal in America sparked the New England school of composers: John Knowles Paine and George Chadwick, Arthur Foote, and Amy Beach, who infused European-based music with American character. In the generations to come those of Charles Ives, Louis Armstrong, George Gershwin, Aaron Copland, Duke Ellington, and every generation sinceAmerican composers would prove Thurber's vision to a greater degree than any could have imagined. [Source: In the Third Person: August 2000]

Thurber line: see Francis Beattie Thurber

Capt. John Thurber

Captain John Thurber (ca.1649-1717) is mentioned in the Encyclopedia Americana, not under his name, but under "rice." Capt. John was a sea Captain. In 1685, Capt. John Thurber, master of a brigantine, was sailing from Madagascar to America when his ship was blown off course by a storm. He sailed his damaged ship into the harbor of the settlement of colonial Carolina now known as Charleston, SC. Capt. John Thurber expressed his thanks for the kindness of settlers there by giving them about a bushel of seed rice from Madagascar. Rice had been introduced as a crop in the area previously without success. However, when the rice supplied by John Thurber was planted in the rich black soil of swampland in the area, the crop grew well. Within a few years, rice was one of the most important crops in South Carolina, which led the states in rice production for the next 200 years.

John is buried in Kickemuit Cemetery, Warren, Bristol Co., RI. At the time of John's death, the area that is now Warren was actually parts of Swansea, Rehoboth, and Barrington, Bristol Co., MA. [Sources: Encyclopedia Americana, rice; The American History of Thirteen Colonies, published 1967 by American Heritage]
Thurber line: Capt. John2, John1

John Wesley Thurber

John Wesley Thurber was b. 23 July 1818. A drawing of [John]Wesley Thurber's home was pictured in the 6 July 1950 Bay Shore Sentinel, Suffolk County, NY. Built in the early nineteenth century, this homestead was responsible for the curve the Long Island Rail Road's right -of-way takes just east of First Ave. The determination of Wesley Thurber to keep the railroad off his property is responsible for the curve. The road bed had been surveyed so that the tracks would have passed through the rear part of Mr. Thurber's house. But when the road gang came to make the bed and lay the rails, Mr. Thurber, with a Civil War musket and bayonet, made the road gang retreat, establishing his front on his west line just east of the brook. The drawing was sketched by Charles Thurber, a grandson of Wesley - the son of Wesley's son James E. Thurber.

Thurber line: John Wesley4, Hallett3, Benjamin2, Benjamin1

Joseph Burton Thurber

Joseph Burton Thurber was born 24 January 1846, son of Alonzo Barna Thurber and Nancy Jane Atkin. Civil War records provide the following:
Residence: Laporte County, Indiana Occupation:
Service Record:
Enlisted as a Private on 16 September 1862
Enlisted in Company G, 15th Infantry Regiment Indiana on 16 September 1862.
Transferred Company G, 15th Infantry Regiment Indiana on 31 May 1864
Transferred in 17th Infantry Regiment Indiana on 31 May 1864.
Also in the 17th Infantry was Matthias Summers. His Civil War record is:
Residence: Sandford, Indiana Occupation:
Service Record:
Enlisted as a Private on 23 March 1864
Enlisted in Company K, 17th Infantry Regiment Indiana on 23 March 1864.
Killed Company K, 17th Infantry Regiment Indiana on 17 January 1865

The following article appeared in the Fort Wayne Daily Gazette, Vol. 3, No. 28, Fort Wayne Indiana on Monday April 9 1866 under the heading "RETALIATION." with subheading Singular Recognition S A Bushwhacker Discovered by one of his Victims S The Ruffian Arrested.
The sequel to the late rebellion is full of strange incidents. Men who stood foot to foot in the deadly fray on distant fields of blood, are constantly encountering each other in the business walks of peaceful life. Sometimes these recognitions are brightened with pleasant memories, and sometimes, as in this case we are now about to narrate, they are made terrible by the memory of wrongs that have long been brooded unavenged.
On the 7th of January, 1865, Joseph B. Thurber and a comrade, Matthew Summers, both of Company K, 19th Indiana volunteers, and both residents of LaPorte county, being out upon a foraging expedition, were captured near Tyre Springs, Tennessee, by a party of five bushwhackers. Marching some two or three miles, their captors joined another party of ruffians, who had in custody, four Federal soldiers, to of them belonging to the 98th regiment of Illinois volunteer infantry. The six hapless prisoners were then taken about fourteen miles, dismounted, stripped of their clothing, tied in couples, and ranged in a row beneath a tree, when they were informed that three of their number were to be shot, and that they would be permitted to cast lots for the impending doom. No sooner was this promise given, than the whole rebel party fired a volley, killing every prisoner but young Thurber, and wounding him severely in the shoulder. To make sure of their bloody work, the rebels discharged a second volley after their victims fell, but strangely enough, Thurber, hidden beneath the body of the comrade to whom he was bound, escaped further injury. The murders being finished the perpetrators affixed a paper to the breast of one of the bodies, declaring that the deed was done in "retaliation," and rode hastily away.
When all was still, Thurber disengaged himself from his companion, crept out, and walking backwards lest he footprints might lead to pursuit, escaped to the dense woods, and naked, sorely wounded, found his way at last to his regiment, after a perilous and painful journey of thirty miles. A party was at once sent out, who sought and buried his murdered comrades, and he, recovered from his wounds, was subsequently mustered out of the service, and returned to the house of he father, Alonzo B. Thurber of LaPorte county, and one of its most thoroughly loyal men. His comrades were mouldering in a distant wilderness, and he was restored to home and friends; but often did the thought of those terrible hours in Tennessee darken his sunshine like a heavy cloud.
And now comes the sequel that throws the coloring of romance over the whole story. Mr. Thurber entered the employment of Messrs. Graham & Murray, commission merchants of this city, who carry on some sort of manufacturing business at Holmesville, on the Michigan Southern Railroad, fifty miles from Chicago. A few days ago, a man went thither, sent by a member of the firm, and became a fellow workman with our young soldier. The moment Thurber set eyes upon him he recognized him as one of the party of murderers in the tragedy of Tyre Springs! In the smiling face of his new companion, he read the brand of Cain; on the clean hand he saw great gouts of blood.. Strange as it may seem, he repressed the tempest of passion that set his blood a boiling, and became the messmate of this man. He led him into conversation upon his past life and former residence. He learned that he was from Kentucky; that he had witnessed scenes of violence, and that, though, by his own admission, not a regular soldier of the rebel army, he had done some rough service. Fate seemed to draw him on, and at last he actually described the terrible scenes beneath the great tree in the woods of Tennessee. Thurber thus had "confirmation strong as holy writ." He was breathing the same air with one of the murderers. He informed Mr. Graham of the suspicions, hardened into facts, and declared his determination at once to take his life. Armed with an iron bar, he was hastening to the room where the ex-guerilla sat at supper, when Mr. Graham interposed, he persuaded Thurber to consult his father, who lives some three miles from Holmesville. The interview resulted in the making of an affidavit setting forth many facts, and which, by the courtesy of Sen. Morgan H Weir, before whom it was made, has been placed in our hands. The arrest was effected on Saturday last, by Deputy Sheriff Clay Brown, assisted by Messers Closser and Robinson, of LaPorte, late of the Federal army; and the criminal, of whose name nothing is known but "Charley," now lies in the jail at LaPorte, awaiting the orders of Major General Palmer, to whom the facts of the case have been forwarded.
The prisoner has grown shrewd and silent, but he had already admitted too much, and to one of the very men whom he believed a voiceless victim, crumbling to dust in the distant wilderness. A stranger case of recognition can hardly be found even within the pages of fiction. They did not meet in some thronged city, they did not catch a glimpse in some railway train, but they stood face to face in a little hamlet, guided, we must believe, by an unseen hand, until occupants of the same dwelling, companions at the same table, the victim looked, as he believed, upon the slayer, and laid his hand upon his breast and said "Thou art the man!" If Banquo's ghost was the creation of a heated imagination, this was an apparition of flesh and blood. It was palpable. No stars could shine dimly through it. One of the murdered six stood forth bodily from the heaps of unburied dead, and summoned him to judgement. How it may result we cannot tell, but there is a terrible directness and particularity about young Thurber's evidence, that seem more like a supernatural voice than the doubtful testimony of a fallible witness.
Thurber line: Joseph Burton8, Alonzo Barna7, Amos Horatio6, Barnabas Jr.5, Barnabas4, Jonathan3, James2, John1.

Judson Thurber

Judson Thurber, son of Capt. Ambrose Nelson Thurber and Arabella Powell of Freeport Digby County, Nova Scotia, was born on a whaler 10 Sep 1873. The following is a portion of an article which appeared in the Boston Sunday Herald 16 June, 1910:
Judson Thurber, Born on a Whaler, Has Conducted Successful Experiments in Raising Fur Seal Pups, and the Government is Now Making Investigations.
Boatswain Judson Thurber of the United States revenue cutter Bear is giving to the bureau of fisheries two seal pups which he has successfully raised by hand. The fish commission feels that Thurber's discovery as to the method of rearing motherless seal pups may eventually lead to saving the seal industry. It is now threatened with extinction because of the poachers' ruthless slaughter of mother seals who, dying, leave the offspring to perish also.
Last summer, while the revenue cutter Bear was cruising in Alaskan waters, a mother seal was killed, perhaps by poachers, and two baby seals were rescued by Boatswain Thurber. Thurber was born on a whaler and knows more about seals, perhaps, than anyone in the country. Several years ago the fish commission, endeavored to raise seal pups by feeding them on sows milk, but the experiment failed.

Motherless baby seals cannot take milk artificially. Nor, until Thurber began to experiment, had a method of feeding them been discovered. It seems that under the tongues of infant seals are peculiar glands or muscles which hold the tongue down close to the underside of the mouth. When the weaning time comes these glands disappear, the tongue is freed, and the baby seal begins eating the food its parents eat.

The bay seals rescued by Thurber had, of course, these glands, and their tongues were fastened to the bottom of their mouths. To free the tongues the surgeon of the Bear, after consulting with Thurber, cut the glands in each seal's mouth, freeing the tongues by artificial means.

The seal pups were kept in water tanks. To feed the youngsters, small bits of fish were drawn through the water near the babies, and, presently attracting their attention, were snapped up by the seals whose freed tongues permitted them to catch and swallow the food. This is about all the fish commission knows as to the method adopted by Thurber to rear the motherless pups. Thurber's experiment attracted the attention of the department of commerce and labor, of which the fish commission is a bureau, and the treasury department, at the request of Secretary Nagel, ordered Thurber to Washington to place the seal pups under the attention of experts at the bureau of fisheries.
Thurber line: Judson6, Ambrose5, James4, Samuel3, Borden2, Benjamin1

Paschal Thurber

Paschal Thurber (17 Oct.1803 - 26 Dec 1874) was one of four brothers who are described in the 1877 History of Utica New York as ". . . men of worth and standing, made their advent in 1821." Two of the brothers, Philip and Isaiah, opened a grocery store and bakery. The other two brothers, Ira and Paschal, moved to Syracuse. What makes Paschal a "memorable" Thurber is his obituary.

Another old citizen gone.

Paschal Thurber is no more. He died about eleven o'clock Saturday night last, at his rooms, Empire house, aged seventy-two years. He had been ailing some weeks, though about the house, and even as late as Wednesday last was down to the barber shop to be shaved. Since then he failed more rapidly, but even Saturday evening his demise was not thought so near.

Mr. Thurber was born in Otsego County; learned the baker's trade in Utica, and came to Syracuse and established in business about the year 1825, on his own account; subsequently was of the firm of Cadwell & Thurber, including bakery and groceries; and still later of the firm of P. & I. A. Thurber, bakery and confectionaries, where Mr. Hall's like establishment recently burned. He was prudent and successful in business, laying by a competency, so that quite a number of years ago he retired from active business pursuits. He was one of the badly injured by the great powder explosion of August 20, 1841. We do not call to mind any official position he occupied except for that of assessor, to which he was elected in 1862. Frank, up and down, Mr. Thurber may have sometimes seemed overbearing, uncouth; but there was a vein of mirth and good feeling in him that made him many warm friends; friends who never doubted his goodness of heart or integrity of purpose. One child, Mrs. E. McDougall, and the widow, his second wife, and quite a circle of other relatives are brought to sorrow by his death. So go the early settlers of Syracuse. A few more years, and none of them will be left.
Thurber line: Paschal6, Isaiah5, Jonathan Jr.4, Jonathan3, James2, John1

Thomas Jones Thurber

Thomas Jones Thurber (29 May 1831 - 24 Jan 1918) was an artist, legislator and businessman of Putnam Connecticut. His obituary read:
Thomas Jones Thurber, 86, artist and one of the best known citizens of this town, died at about 11 o'clock Thursday morning at his home on Putnam Heights. The announcement of his death came as a great surprise for he had not been ill long and was down town on Monday of this week.

Mr Thurber was born in Chepachet, R. I. 29 May 1831, the son of Henry and Mary Hope Jones Thurber, and was one of a family of eleven children.

His parents came to Putnam in 1846, and the greater part of his life since that time, excepting a period during which he was in New York with the firm of Edward Harris, a noted woolen merchant and manufacturer, and as a member of the firm of A. T. Stewart, has been spent within the town of Putnam.

Developing artistic talent of much merit, Mr Thurber painted many beautiful pictures. Some of his best work, including paintings of points of natural beauty and historical interest in this and nearby towns he generously presented organizations and institutions in and near Putnam, and they are cherished as works of real merit.

Mr. Thurber was of cheery optimistic disposition and his presence was invariably welcomed at public meetings and gatherings or organizations interested in the promotion of public good.

He was consistently broad-minded and regularly found on the right side of questions of civic betterment and advancement. He maintained a special interest in the Windham County Home for Children and made it a custom to attend the annual meetings of the committee of visitors and board of management, each year being invited to address the gathering and always responding with one of his interesting speeches.

In the Putnam Heights section he was for a long period identified with the First Congregational church and held offices in the church society, serving as treasurer for a period of years.

Mr. Thurber's wife was Miss Esther Carey pf Providence, R. I., two sons being born of their marriage. Mrs. Thurber died about 20 years ago and one of the sons died about 30 years ago. The other son, Charles H. Thurber is a resident of Hartford, is married and has four children.

Mrs. Frances Agatha Bugbee of Putnam is a sister of Mr Thurber's and Mrs. Ernest b. Kent of this city and Mrs. Ebenezer Bishop of Brookline and Woodstock are nieces.
In 1908, Thomas Jones Thurber attended an 80th birthday celebration for his sister Frances Agatha (Thurber) Bugbee, and read the following original poem in honor of the occasion:

"If we in childhood honored them,
To whom we owed our birth,
And realized that precious gift
Of days long on the earth,
We may then live to honor Him
By whom all gifts are given,
And thus obtain that supreme gift,
Of endless days in Heaven."

Thurber line: Thomas Jones7, Henry6, Samuel5, Samuel4, John3, Thomas2, John1

Thurber the Dog

Thurber (the dog) was a 250-lb mastiff that belonged to actress Valerie Perrine. At that time she also had 3 Great Danes: Ching, Oscar, and Muffy. Thurber had the distinction of being one of 100 canines to attend the movie opening of Won Ton Ton, the Dog who Saved Hollywood. Unlike the usual theater scene for openings, the producers of this film held the premiere on Paramount's spacious Hollywood lot.

Thurber the Texas Ghost Town

THURBER, TEXAS. Though it is a ghost town today, Thurber once had a population of perhaps as many as 8,000 to 10,000. At that time (1918-20) it was the principal bituminous-coal-mining town in Texas. The site of the town is seventy-five miles west of Fort Worth in the northwest corner of Erath County. The coal deposits were discovered
in the mid-1880s by William Whipple Johnson, then an engineer for the Texas and Pacific Railway. He began mining operations there in December 1886 with Harvey Johnson. Isolation forced the operators to recruit miners from other states and from overseas; large numbers of workers came from Italy, Poland, the United States, Britain, and Ireland, with smaller numbers from Mexico, Germany, France, Belgium, Austria, Sweden, and Russia. Black miners from Indiana worked in the mines during the labor troubles of the 1880s. The force of predominantly foreign workers, many of whom spoke little or no English, enabled the company to maintain a repressive environment for many years. Following inability to meet a payroll and a resulting strike by miners, the Johnsons sold out in the fall of 1888 to founders of the Texas and Pacific Coal Company, including Robert Dickey Hunter, who became president of the new company, and H. K. Thurber of New York, for whom the town was named. [Note: H. K. Thurber is Horace Kingsley Thurber, brother to Francis Beattie Thurber and Candace (Thurber) Wheeler]

Colonel Hunter chose to deal with the dissident miners, who were affiliated with the Knights of Labor, with an iron hand. The new company fenced a portion of its property and within the enclosure constructed a complete town and mining complex, including schools, churches, saloons, stores, houses, an opera house seating over 650, a 200-room hotel, an ice and electric plant, and the only library in the county. Eventually the strike ended, and the miners and their families moved into the new town. In addition to the mines, the company operated commissary stores. As in the typical company town, low pay, drawn once a month, forced employees to utilize a check system between pay periods, whereby the customer drew scrip, reportedly discounted at 20 percent, for use at the company's commissary stores. In 1897 a second industry came to the town, a large brick plant; Hunter was also a partner in this operation, which, although it was separate from the mining company's holdings, used clay found on company property. A stockade, armed guards, and a barbed wire fence, which restricted labor organizers, peddlers, and other unauthorized personnel, regulated access to the town.

Despite the retirement of Colonel Hunter in 1899, Thurber remained a company-dominated community. William Knox Gordon, the new manager of the Thurber properties, at first continued the established policy of suppression and antiunionism. Continuation of such activities resulted in a concentrated effort by the United Mine Workers to unionize the Thurber miners. Following the induction in September 1903 of more than 1,600 members into the Thurber local of the UMW and the organization of locals of carpenters, brick makers, clerks, meat cutters, and bartenders, the company opened negotiations with the workers and, on September 27, 1903, reached an agreement resulting in harmonious labor-management relations. Thurber gained recognition as the only 100 percent closed-shop city in the nation. The victory at Thurber indicated what unions might accomplish with effective leadership and more congenial opponents than employers like Colonel Hunter, even when confronted with problems as difficult as organizing diverse ethnic groups. Despite occasional strikes, basic labor-management harmony prevailed, and Thurber remained a union
stronghold until the demise of mining operations in the 1920s, after railroad locomotives began to burn oil rather than coal. Gordon's discovery of the nearby Ranger oilfield in 1917 stimulated this conversion, and the change of the company name to Texas Pacific Coal and Oil Company in April 1918 signified shifting company interest toward oil production, which yielded large profits from 1917 to 1920. The conversion to oil-burning locomotives led to Thurber's demise; declining use of coal and a resulting wage cut led to labor unrest lasting through much of the 1920s and to a strike in 1926 and 1927. Many miners accepted UMW assistance and moved to mining areas in other
states. Numerous Italians returned to Italy rather than work in nonunion mines, and in 1926 the union chartered two railroad cars to return to their homeland 162 Mexicans, who likewise refused to scab. By the end of 1927 no union miners remained in the state. The company maintained operation of the brick plant until 1930, a general office until 1933, and commissary stores until 1935. By the late 1930s Thurber had become a virtual ghost town.

[Sources: CHT notes; The Handbook of Texas Online. <http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/view/TT/hnt21.html>
[Accessed Sat Jun 8 19:38:42 US/Central 2002 ]. ]

Thurber - former name of Utah Town

Albert King Thurber was called by President (of the Latter-Day Saint Church) Brigham Young to go to Grass Valley in Utah to use his influence in the interest of peace with the Indians inhabiting and visiting that country. He settled in Richfield, Sevier County in May 1874. The Sevier Stake was organized 24 May 1874 and Joseph A Young was elected president of that Stake. After Young's death in 1875, Thurber acted as president pro tem - and in 1877 was chosen to be president of the Stake.

During the early settlement of Richfield, scouting parties began to explore surrounding mountains and valleys. A K. Thurber and G. W. Bean were leaders in the exploration, and soon discovered the beautiful valleys lying beyond the mountains to the east - perfect for grazing cattle. Albert King Thurber brought six hundred head of cattle into that region. Additional exploration was done, a treaty was made with the Indians at Fish Lake and permanent cabins were built at Loa and Fremont. During the various journeys, Mr. Thurber admired a section of land on the Fremont River and soon located there, founding the town that was later named Thurber. In 1875, there were about 50 families there.
.
In 1916, the town of Thurber experienced a name change. Thomas Bicknell, a prominent educator and historian of Providence, Rhode Island and author of the 1913 Bicknell Genealogy, offered his extensive library to any town in Utah which would rename itself "Bicknell." A problem arose when both Thurber and Grayson agreed to the change. The dilemma was solved by dividing the books evenly with Thurber becoming Bicknell and Grayson renaming itself Blanding, Mrs. Thomas W. Bicknell's maiden name. The citizens of Thurber voted to accept the library along with Bicknell's name and recorded the action in April 1916. The town was incorporated in February 1939.

Bicknell lies southwest of Thousand Lake Mountain and gradually slopes toward the Fremont River. In 1895, the townsite, (named Thurber at that time) was moved to a higher elevation to assure a more adequate water supply. Following the advice of the LDS Church, another site was chosen and surveyed, blocks were laid out, and it was dedicated on 7 June 1895.

Residents had to build houses on the new site and did not begin moving in until about 1897. Once established, the citizens were faced with the immediate problem of obtaining culinary water. Pipe was purchased and a new water line constructed from Cotton Wood Springs to the townsite. The pipeline was completed in 1899 with additional water augmenting the system from Durfey Spring. In 1909 a waterworks corporation, the first in Wayne County, was created to maintain the water system. As the population of the town increased, an entirely new line was constructed,
bringing water from Jackson Spring.

The school system had an early beginning in Thurber, Utah. The first school opened in 1880 and was taught in the "Herd House" by Hiley Burgess. During the year 1881-82 a combination schoolhouse-dance hall was constructed. In 1890 a frame schoolhouse was constructed, and a rock schoolhouse was finished in 1909.

[Sources: OnlineUtah.com, History of Bicknell,Utah Taken from the Utah History Encyclopedia; bicknell.net, Towns page; and Journal and Diary of Albert King Thurber]


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