1. BERTHA AVIS8 GERMAN (CLARENCEALBERT7, DAVID6, JOSHUA5, WILLIAM4, WILLIAM3JARMAN, GEORGE2, WILLIAM1) was born February 01, 1919 in Pratt County. Kansas, and died May 09, 2001 in Wichita, Kansas.
Notes for BERTHA AVIS GERMAN:
THE GERMANS: A GENEALOICAL SKETCH
The surname Jarman, German, Jerman, is said to have had its origin with a small group on people sent by Henry 1 of England from Flanders to Wales in the year 1107 "to civilize the Welsh people by arts of peace," These Flemish colonists spoke low German and because of their language the Welsh people called them "Germans." No doubt their identity was all but lost in the ensuing 550 years before any of them sailed to an American harbor.
That they were indeed a peace-loving people is attested by the fact that they came to America as members of the Society of Friends.
Noteworthy among the early Welsh Quaker immigrants were John and Margaret Jerman, who came from Llangering, Montgomeryshire, Wales, in 1683, and settled in Chester County, Pennsylvania. An Edward Jerman was prominent among the Welsh Quakers in the Philadelphia area as early as 1703 or before.
It is on the Eastern Shore that the Quakers are first found in Virginia. They were there as early as 1656-7, and they settled first in Accomac County due to its sparce population and remote location from the seat of the government across the Bay at Jamestown.
Among the early Quaker Meetings on the Eastern Shore were Potomack Bay, Pongaleg by Accomack Shores, Savidge Neck, Muddy Creek in Accomack; and Nassowadox in Northampton County. No known records of these early Eastern Shore Meetings exist. They fade into obscurity after about 1698.
These quiet people with their sober colors and unassuming manners were looked upon with disfavor by the other colonists. In 1660 the Virginia Assembly enacted very stringent laws with regard to them, and the most absurd charges were brought against them in the court at Northampton. In Accomac County they were accused of uttering blasphemy, defying the laws, and slandering the clergy. Charges of "denying the incarnation of Christ and speaking of God as a foolish old man" brought down upon them all the wrath intolerance can generate.
Many of the Quakers fled across the border into Somerset County, Maryland, and formed a colony there. Those who remained in Virginia bemoaned that "the Indians whom they had charged to be heathens exceeded the whites in kindness, in courtesies, in love and mercy unto them who were strangers.
On February 24, 1665, Ann German was transported into Somerset County, Maryland, by William Stevens, who was known in Accomac County to be a Quaker sympathizer although it was never proven that he was a Quaker. Each was granted 50 acres of land by Govenor Calvert of Maryland. The transfer records were signed by
Stephen Horsey and Henry Boston, both of whom are listed by Hinshaw as members of the Accomac County, Virginia, Quaker Meetings.
Although it has not been proven that Ann German was the mother of William Jarman, who died in 1708 or early 1709 in Somerset County, Maryland, from which Worcester County was carved in 1742, it is entirely possible, and I think very probable, that she may have been.
William Jarman first appears in the Accomac County, Virginia, land records when he purchased 300 acres of land in 1674. Five years later, in 1679, he and his wife, Dorothy, sold one acre of land to the certain trustees as the site of the Guilford Quaker Meeting house. This the first mention of Dorothy as the wife of William Jarman.
The site of the historic old meetinghouse is near the little town of Guilford, Virginia, on the east side of Chesapeake Bay. There is a small inlet in the Bay close to the place believed to have been the spot where it stood, an ideal place for boats to have landed. The small building was standing in 1683, "where now there is a small house standing by the name of the meeting house....that the people of God commonly called Quakers shall have right and privilege from time to time to meet upon the said ground and in the aforesaid meeting house and there at pleasure to meet and bury their dead."
William and Dorothy Jarman bought and sold a good amount of land, both in Accomac County, Virginia, and in Somerset County, Maryland. A 1704 Deed indicates they were living in Maryland at that time. A 1705 Deed names William Jarman as of "Accomac County in Virginia." The boundary was somewhat indefinite for a number of years.
The Will of William Jarman, made in 1708 and probated in 1709, names the wife, "Dorrity," and five sons. William, George, Job, Henry, and Truitt. Land records prove John to have be the sixth son. Dorothy Jarman a daughter was born about 1692.
There is general agreement among genealogists and among the descendants of William and Dorothy Jarman that they were the common ancestors of the Worcester County family. Although a number have attempted to do so, to my knowledge no one has succeeded in authenticating each and every step back to them. The same Christian names were used over and over again until about 1790, when some different ones came into usage.
The early records are incomplete. Land descriptions are by landmarks such as marked trees, branches of streams, the corner of a neighbor's land, and tract names, most of which long ago lost their identity and the land resurveyed.
The site of the old Quaker burial ground, about miles north of Snow Hill on the Berlin road, is known, but no stones remain. It was taken from a tract of land called "Mulberry Grove," which adjoined land owned by William Jarman of 1709.
Before many years passed, the Quakers began to mingle and marry with other sects, but the Quaker tradition appears to have remained at least into the late 1700's.
The 1790 census for Worcester County, Maryland, shows George German as "of William." His land joined a 152 acre tract designated as "Lot 14 of Tribulation," which William Jarman purchased at a court sale in 1790 and to which he acquired absolute title upon completion of payment in 1800. He sold a portion of it in 1794. In that same year there were a Deed and a Bill of Sale from a William Jarman who is designated as "of William." There is nothing to indicate whether or not this was the same William Jarman who sold Lot 14 of Tribulation.
The 1790 census, however, shows George "of William" and William German, Sr. in close proximity to each other. The family data on William German Sr. is correct for him to have been the father of the William and Jesse who migrated with George to Ohio.
Jesse Jarman is not found in the Worcester County land records prior to 1808 nor on Maryland census as head of a family. He was born about 1773-4, and married in 1805. This evidence points to George, William, and Jesse being brothers.
Trouble with England began to culminate when the planters vigorously resisted the stamp tax. In 1776 George and William Jarman marched off and shouldered guns in the Revolution. Whether these were the same George and William who later migrated to Ohio is uncertain.
After the Revolution, trade with England had ceased and the land west of the Alleghenies was being opened. Many planters went broke in the ten years immediately preceding 1800. Although tobacco was transported by wagon to Wheeling, West Virginia. To Ohio, and to points south, this was not adequate. The soil of Maryland's Eastern Shore was not quite suited for tobacco as was the lighter soil of Virginia, and the land was leaching out. Many of the planters turned to truck farming, for which the land is still very productive. As did many others George, William, and Jesse went west.
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Burial: May 15, 2001, Friendship Cemetery, Pratt County, Kansas