Genealogy of Early Settlers in Trenton and Ewing, New Jersey (see source)
Dissatisfied with some new relation in his father's family, left his native land, Englend, at the early age of twenty, and landed at the port of Philadelphia. Soon after, desirious of returning, and finding no vessel about to sail from that port, he went to New York, but not meeting with an oportunity immediately, visited Long Islan. He there became acquainted with the family of John Reeder, recently arrived from England, whose sister, or daughter Joanna, in process of time, he married and removed to Ewing township, about 1700. He purchased three hundred and fourty-five acres of Col. Daniel Coxe, the deed bearing date 1712, and on it erected the first brick house in thetownship, which still standing, having on the west end the date, 1717, and is owned and occupied by his descendant of the fifth generation Henry Green. His qualities were such as to give him distinction, for he was appointed one of the first judges of Hunterdon Co, and from frequent mention of his name in public affairs and important business transactions, he was evidently a prominent and useful citizen.
Found a site recommended for one of my distant cousins. It shows information on a Green family settleled in Old Hunterdon Co., NJ in the early 1700s. It prouved to be a great site with a source book titled GENEALOGY OF EARLY SETTLERS IN TRENTON AND EWING "OLD HUNTERDON COUNTY" NEW JERSEY by ELI F. COOLEY. I contacted the library at Flemington, Hunterdon Co, NJ and they gratiously sent me copies of all the information about the Green family in the book.
"Many years ago the Lenni-Lenape Indians in traveling north from the tidewater in the Delaware River, below the Trenton Falls, would follow the Assunpink Creek up to where the Shubakunk branched off to the left... The coming of the white folks spelled doom for the red people, their land, and their way of life. Daniel Cox of England bought thirty thousand acres (some forty-seven square miles) which was originally in the Township of Hopewell, and then sold farms or large parcels to the early settlers, including my fifth great grandfather, William Green. This area was in Burlington County then, but about 1713 it was included in the newly formed Hunterdon County. It remained in Hunterdon County for 125 years until it was made a part of the newly formed Mercer County. In 1834 Ewing Township was separated from Trenton and named after the Chief Justice of New Jersey, Charles Ewing. In passing it is interesting to note that the three daughters of Charles Ewing married two sons of Caleb Smith Green, who was a great-grandson of the first William Green mentioned above. Emily Ewing married Henry W. Green, and after Emily died Henry married her sister, Susan Mary for his second wife. Eleanor Ewing married Henry W. Green's brother, Judge Caleb S. Green." --From Chapter 1 of The Land Along the Shabakunks by Robert Reeder Green
Last Will and Testament of William Green I Two Transcriptions: Heidi Harendza's Transcription, from the actual will:
Wm. Green’s Will & Inventory 1722
Hunterdon County 1723
Sworn at Burlington Before me Lem.ll Bustill
[unreadable on copy] Richard Green Joseph Green
In the name of God Amen This 11th Day of January Anno Domini 1721, I William Green of Trenton NJ county of Hunterdon and Province of New Jersey Yeoman Being of Perfect mind and memory Thanks be Given to God But Calling to mind the mortallity of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do make and ordain this to be my last Will and Testament viz Princincipally and first of all I Give and Recommend my Soul into the Hands of God who Gave it and my Body is Recommond to the Dust to be Buried in Decent Christian Burial at the Discretion of my Executors, Nothing doubting but at Ye General Ressurection I shall receive the same again by the Mighty power of God And at Forsaking such worldly Estate as its holder [I ask?] God to bless me in this Life. I Give Divide and Dispose of the same in Ye following manner and form viz
I Give and Bequeath unto Joanna my Dearly beloved Wife the Best Room in my new Dwelling House and the Closet in Ye [celler], and one third pard of the Improvable Land and Tenements Belonging to it together with one Third part of the movable Estate Goods and Chattels During the Form of Her Natural Life and in Case of her [Never?] marrying During her Widowhood. But if she marry again my will is that she have fifty pounds paid her by my Executor our of my movable Estate on Ye Day of her Marriage and that she then give up the possession of the House and her Thirds or [aforesaid?]
I Give and Bequeath unto my well beloved Son Richard my Dwelling House and PlantationThat I now live upon Excepting that part that is willed to his mother or aforesaid and the whole of it at her Death or Inermarrying with all the appurtances to him and his heirs and assigns forever.
I Give unto my Well beloved sons Joseph and William that House and Plantation that I bought of John [Severans] to them and their heirs and assigns for Ever to be Equally Divided by them They paying to their two sisters Joanna and Sarah fiveteen pounds a piece when they either of them arrive to the age of 18 years –
I Give [text obscured, likely: and bequeath unto my beloved] Sons Benjamin, John, Jeremiah, and Isaac to each 40 pounds when they arrive to the age of 21 years to them and their heirs forever to be paid by my Executor our of my movable Estate.
I Give and Bequeath unto my well beloved Daughters Esther and Mary to Each 15 pounds to be paid by my Executor out of my moveable Estate to them and their heirs forever—
My will and Pleasure is that my four younger sons shall be put out to learn [sxxx to trade then shall chuse when they arrive to Ye age of 17 years and that Ye be heard to you ] none consider make and ordain my will beloved Sons Richard and Joseph my Executors to this my last will and Testament and my will is that after the aforesaid Devision from land payments be made that all Ye remaining part part of my movable Estate goods and Chattels be Equally Divided between my two Executors aforesaid—It being provided that all the Legacies or Bequests aforesaid be paid or Levied our of the movable Estate Goods or Chattels at money price according to 9 shilling and 2 pence [per R?]—
And I do hereby utterly disavow revoke and disaffirm all and every other former Testaments Wills Legacies and Executors by me in any way before this time named Willed and Bequesthed Ratifying and Confirming this and no other to be my last will and Testament. In Witness thereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal Ye Day and Year above written Signed Sealed Publishedn Pronounced and Declared by the Sed William Green as his last Will & Testament
In Presence of
Christopher Howell William Reed William Green David Howell My transcription from a typed version:
In the name of GOD Amen this eleventh day of January Anno: Domini one thousand seven hundred and twenty one,-- I WILLIAM GREEN of Trenton in the county of Hunterdon and Province of New Jersey yeoman. Being in perfect mind and memory Thanks be to GOD. But calling to mind the mortality of my Body and Knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die, do make and ordain this to be my Last Will and Testament Vis; ----------------------------
IMPRIMIS I give and Bequeath unto Joanna my Dearly Beloved Wife the Best Room in my now Dwelling House, and the closet in the seller, and one Third part of the Improved Land and Teniments Belonging to it Together with one Third the moveable Estate Goods and chattles During the term of naturall Life, and in case of her Intermarrying During her Widdowhood. But if she marry Again my will is that she have fifty pounds paid her by the executors out of my moveabble estate on the Day of her marriage and that she then give up possession of the house and her thirds aforesaid--------------
ITEM-----I give and Bequeth unto my Well Beloved son Richard my Dwelling House and Plantation, that I now live upon Excepting that part as is willed to his mother aforesaid. And the whole of it at her Death or Remarrying with all the appurtences to him and his Heirs and assigns forever----
ITEM-----I give unto my well beloved sons Joseph and William that house and plantation that I bought from JOHN Severns to them and their heirs and asigns forever, to be equally devided by them, They paying their two sisters Joanna and Sarah fiveteen pounds a piece when they either of them arrive to the age of eighteen years.
ITEM-----I give and Bequeth unto my well beloved Sons Benjamin John Jeremiah and Issac to each forety pounds when they Arrive at ye age of Twenty one years, to them and their Heirs forever to be paid by my Executors out of my moveable estate----------
ITEM----- I give and Bequeth unto my Well Beloved Daughters Ester and Mary to each Fifteen pounds to be paid by my executors out of my moveable Estate to them and their Heirs forever-------
ITEM------------------my will and pleasure is that my four younger sons shall be put out to learn such as they shall choose when they shall come to the age of seventeen years and (also) they be learned to Read and Write.
FURTHERMORE I constitute make and ordain my last Will and testament. And my will is that after the aforesaid Decision and payments be made. That all Remaining Part of my moveable estate goods chattels be equally deviled between my two executors aforesaid It being provided that all the Legacies or Bequeaths aforesaid be paid or levied on if the moveable estate goods chattels at money price according to nine shillings and two pence pound, And I do utterly disallow, Revolt, and Disable all and every other former Testaments Wills Legacies and Executors by me in any way before this time named, willed my last will and testament. In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand seal, the day and year above written----------------------------- Signed Sealed Published Pronounced and Declared by the said William Green as his last Will and Testament
1721-2 Jan 11. Green, William, of Trenton, Hunterdon Co., yeoman; will of. Wife Joanna. Children- Richard, Joseph, William, Joanna, Sarah, Benjamin, John, Jerimiah, Isaac, the last six under age, Esther and Mary. Real and personal estate (a farm bought of John Severans). Executors- sons Richard and Joseph. Witnesses- Christopher Howell, William Reed, David Howell. Proved June 1, 1723. Lib. 2, p 240
William Green Farmhouse--This is your Life
by Mary Frances Hartley Colson
"After reading Robert Reeder Green's book THE LAND ALONG THE SHABAKUNKS, I have pieced together this chronology from bits and pieces scattered through several chapters. There are several gaps in acreage as well as dates, but this will give a general idea of occurrences. (Hope I have not made too many mistakes!!!)"-- Mary Frances
· 1711(or later) William and Joanna Green buy some 350 acres from Daniel Cox. There is little information on the original boundaries. but the author of the above book speculates that some land must have been south of Green Lane and possibly west of Pennington Road in order to account for the 350 acres.
· 1722 (sometime before) William and Joanna buy the plantation from John Severans, as mentioned in his will. It is possible that this property was purchased before the the Green Farmhouse property. Since there is no clue as to where it was located, could it have been the property joining the farmhouse property?*
· 1722 William Green died 16 June. Robert Reeder Green states that William II continued living on the farmhouse property the entire span of his life** (84 years); married Lydia Armitage, raised four children there; died in 1786. (I have previously raised the question about William I's will, leaving this property to his first born, Richard).***
· 1786 If Robert Reeder Green is correct (I certainly agree that he would be the best informed person in this instance), William III inherited the house and plantation and lived his entire life (72 years) there. He married Phebe, daughter of Samuel Moore and they reared seven children there; died there in 1815. It is also recorded that during the American Revolution, William III was living there during his service on George Washington's staff.
· 1815 The plantation is then passed down to William III's son, Samuel P. Green. He married Mary Perrine and they reared a family of nine children there. Robert R. Green describes the property at the time of his grean grandfather, Samuel P. as "the northwest corner was located in the center of Pennington Road some seventy-five yards south of Carlton Avenue. The line ran east just north of the Sanson house, through the big woods to the Shabakunk Creek. This line passes some one hundred yards north of Bliss Hall and cuts diagonally through the middle of Green Hall. Then the line ran straight through the woods, then through open fields to the brow of the knoll where it bore off to the northeast and ran straight to the Ewingville Road. This line ran close to the present roadway which separates the tennis courts and the girls' dormitories. Originally, this line fence separated the brick yard field on the old Green farm and Susan Titus' apple orchard. The line passed just south of the power plant and the maintenance building. After crossing the creek, the line ran west of the Antheil School and Armstrong field to Green Lane. From this corner, it extended west the entire length of Green Lane to Pennington Road, then up Pennington Road to the point of beginning, just south of Carlton Avenue. Samuel lived on the homestead his entire life. He died April 1, 1859.
· 1859 The property then went to two of Samuel's sons, William A. and Henry P. William's portion, 130 acres east of the Shabakunk (between the creek and Ewingville Road) saw little change, except for ownership) Crozier, then Vernam, Kundl, and Ewing Township--who built on it the Antheil School and Armstrong Field.) The other son, Henry P's property consisted of 125 acres and the farmhouse (west of the Shabakunk to Pennington Road) saw enormous change.
· 1863 Last Green to be born there, Amos Reeder Green
· 1873 William A. Green deeded his 130 acres to Thomas Crozier, Sep 21.
· 1895 This same portion of the homestead is turned over to Thomas Crozier's daughter, Lillie and her husband, John Wesley Vernam.
· Around this time, Henry P. sold his portion with the house to Lydia Ann Moore (at her death, it contained 125 acres.)
· Some twenty acres of the Pennington Road frontage was sold to F. C. Leaming by the Moore family. This was the start of the Green Curve Realty Co, which divided the land into lots 75 to 200 feet wide and varying in depth to 430 feet. This frontage extended from the northwest corner of the farm (at A. Reeder Green's farm lane) south to Green Lane. Over a period of thirty years, the present houses were constructed.
· Eckford Moore and others, heirs of Lydia Ann Moore, Sold the farm to Willis P. Bainbridge. Mr. Bainbridge was a lawyer and had tenants live in the old house and farm the land. At one time, Alf Lanning and his brother lived in the house. Other farmers who farmed it were Wesley VanNoy, William Wycoff and Ira Bainbridge.
· Mr. Bainbridge sold the property to George A. Andrews, who came to this area from Maryland. Mr. Andrews lived in the house, along with William Paxton and his wife, who was Bessie Morris, the daughter of John (Dad) Morris who farmed on what is now Carlton Avenue at VanDuyn Drive. William Paxton had a large herd of cows and Mr. Andrews ran a milk route in Trenton. After the death of Mr. Andrews, the farm was left to his son, Charles, and his four daughters, Annie, Emma, Leonora, and Lillian.
· In June, Charles Andrews and his sisters sold the 125 acres to A. Jewell Blackwell, Sr. Jewell and Emma lived there some 50 years. When they took over the Green farm, the soil, fences, and buildings were all in a rundown condition. This family remedied this in short order. With the help of their cattle, the meadows soon looked like gold courses. They planted corn, wheat, oats, and clover hay and fertilized the crops with stable manure. Since they were wonderful farmers, the farm, then known as the Blackwell farm was one of the best in the area, with its large garden and fruit orchard. Jewell Jr. inherited the land and in time, had to have help in its operation. Clarence Jones helped work the farm and shared half of the old house. The Blackwells modernized the house with electricity, modern heat and water. Cliff Tilton drilled a well, replacing the windmill and elevated tank.
· The Blackwells sold off several lots on the north side of Green Lane and houses gradually sprang up along the road.
· (November) with the developmenmt of Hillwood, Mr. C. V. Hlll purchased some 35 acres of land from the Blackwells on the north side of the farm. On this land was built Bliss Hall, Packer Gymnasium and parts of Green and Kendall Halls.
· (August) The State of New Jersey increased the size of TSC College by purchasing 80 acres from the Blackwells. This also decreased the old Green farm to some 8 acres with the brick home still intact. The Jewell Blackwells continued to live in the old house and what was left of the homestead but finally in--
· 1960 (July) sold the remainder of the farm that William Green first farmed 260 years earlier.
· As property of the State, two more families occupied the old Green farmhouse. Professor Robert Salois, football coach, lived there for a time and after a vacant period, the last occupant, Mr. Sheldon Cubberley moved in for a short period. There was much speculation on fixing up the house and adding large wings to the east and west ends of it, making it into a large home for the college president, Mr. Heussler. It was determined the cost was too great. Perhaps it is just as well, because such drastic changes necessary to house a college president would have no doubt robbed the house of its original appearance and certainly would have completely changed its style and individuality. On the other hand, it might have been worth it to have the house preserved in any fashion necessary to keep it alive. It seems that the future of the old farmhouse is very questionable. A couple of grants have been received from the New Jersey Historical Sites Department for architectural studies and it has been reroofed recently, but despite the efforts of such noble people as Michael McCormick, Brenda Flynn, and Dent Williamson, very little progress has been made in its restoration. Through the efforts of Miss Gail Kauser, the house was placed on the State and National Register of Historic Places. Certainly she, and the others who have taken an interest in the old home, have my gratitude and surely does have that of any descendant of William Green I.
* See "The Old Farm & The New One". The John Severns Farm is the Green Farmhouse property.
** My evidence suggests that William II left the farm before 1779, leaving it's management to William Green III. See "William Green House: - Historical Analysis and Feasibility Study".
*** See "The Old Farm & The New One" from the Link List. Richard did not inherit the Green Farmhouse property. He inherited the new one in West Trenton, near the river. William II & Joseph inherited the Green Farmhouse property.
Tomb Stone Location
William Green the Immigrant
"1722 June 1st Wm GREEN"
======================================= This brown field stone grave marker is located close to the south east corner of the church, outside of the left rear doorway, in what I call Row 1. This is the first William, husband of Joanna Reeder. Oddly, I have not yet found Joanna's grave... The latest cemetery brochure pictures this tombstone in color, identifying it as the oldest known stone in the graveyard ======================================= Nearly all Greens buried in the churchyard are buried in close proximity to the rear doors of the church, directly behind the sanctuary, including William Greens I & II.
More About William Green: Burial: Unknown, First Presbyterian Church of Ewing cemetery.116, 117 Immigration: 1671, From England to Philadelphia.118, 119 Property: 1712, Purchased 345 acres on Ewing, NJ from Col. Daniel Coxe.120, 121 Residence 1: 1700, Moved to Ewing township, NJ.122, 123 Residence 2: 1717, Erects first brick house in the township of Ewing, NJ.124, 125
More About William Green and Joanna Reader: Marriage: 1692, Trenton, NJ.
More About William Green and <Unnamed>: Marriage: 1692, Trenton, NJ.126