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Ancestors of Albert C. HENDRICK, Jr.

Generation No. 13


      4480. John HARRIS, born 1588 in Creeksea, Essex Co., England; died Bef. 14 October 1638 in Charles City Co., Virginia. He was the son of 8960. Sir William HARRIS and 8961. Alice SMYTHE. He married 4481. Dorothy CALCOTT.

      4481. Dorothy CALCOTT, born Abt. 1587.

Notes for John HARRIS:
1 BIRT
2 DATE 1588

Notes for Dorothy CALCOTT:
1 BIRT
2 DATE 1587
     
Children of John HARRIS and Dorothy CALCOTT are:
  2240 i.   Thomas HARRIS II, born 1614 in Wales, Great Britain; died 10 June 1672 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia; married Alice WEST 1634 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia.
  ii.   Dorothy Harris, born 1619 in London, London, England.
  iii.   John Harris, born 01 May 1624 in London, London, England.


      4488. James TURNER380, born Abt. 1610 in England.
     
Child of James TURNER is:
  2244 i.   John TURNER, born 1641 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia; died 09 June 1705 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia; married Mary TOMLIN 1667 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia.


      4490. Matthew TOMLIN, born Abt. 1618 in England; died 1686 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia.
     
Child of Matthew TOMLIN is:
  2245 i.   Mary TOMLIN, born 1645 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia; died Aft. 09 June 1705; married John TURNER 1667 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia.


      4494. Maurice BURCHER381, born Abt. 1640 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia. He was the son of 8988. George BURCHER.
     
Child of Maurice BURCHER is:
  2247 i.   Elizabeth BURCHETT, born Abt. 1662 in Isle of Wight Co., Virginia; married James LUNDY Abt. 1683 in Charles City Co., Virginia.


      4544. Sir Richard Devereaux GILLIAM, born in England; died in England. He was the son of 9088. Viscount Walter GILLIAM. He married 4545. Lady Dorothy PEMBROKE.

      4545. Lady Dorothy PEMBROKE, born 1586.
     
Children of Richard GILLIAM and Dorothy PEMBROKE are:
  i.   William Gilliam, born 1608.
  2272 ii.   John (Joe) GILLIAM, born 1614 in Gravesend, England; died Abt. 1651 in Lynhaven, Virginia.
  iii.   Devereaux Thomas Gilliam, born 1617.


      5888. Thomas BROWNING, born Abt. 1620 in Gloucestershire, England; died Bet. 1674 - 1677 in Bookthorpe, Gloucestershire, England. He was the son of 11776. Captain John BROWNING and 11777. Sybil (Sible)/Elizabeth DEMARON. He married 5889. Hester UNKNOWN Abt. 1638 in England.

      5889. Hester UNKNOWN, born Abt. 1620 in England.

Notes for Thomas BROWNING:
On 01 September 1649, a treaty was signed with the Indians who had inhabited the Rappahannock River valley to open the area legally for settlement. In 1656, Old Rappahannock County was formed from Lancaster County.

Thomas and Hester Browning, along with their children, John and Hester, arrived in America about 1656-1657. (Maryland Hall of Records, State Archives, Book 9, pg. 490; Book WC2, pg. 73). NOTE: "The Early Settlers of Maryland" by Gust Skordas, 1968 shows these same references with an immigration date of 1665. NOTE: Since Thomas patented land in 1657, it is likely he arrived several years earlier due to the length of time involved in selecting, surveying and patenting or purchasing land.

When he immigrated to America, Thomas Browning is referred to in both Virginia and Maryland records as "Mr.", a title of respect and social status not often used in those days. He lived in an area in Essex County, Virginia, where many immigrants from Bristol, England lived. The Bristol members of the Browning family were much involved in the shipping and tobacco industries.

Thomas arrived in America soon after the Cromwell government was established in England. Many of those settling in the Rappahannock and Potomac basins at that time had supported the royalist cause in England and found it "expedient" to leave England during the period of the Commonwealth. When CharlesII reestablished the monarchy in England in 1660, Governor Berkeley resumed control of Virginia and promoted an exodus of residents from Virginia. Whether or not this contributed to the move of Thomas and Hester from Virginia is unknown, but the assertion of Berkeley's authority in Virginia closely coincides with their move to Maryland.

Thomas is included on a list of tithable citizens of Lancaster County, 1652-1656. "Me List of Andrew Gilson," dated 05 November 1656, included names of persons who owned property in the Hoskins Creek/Piscataway Creek are of present Essex County. The list show that "Mr. Brominge" was liable for two tithes which he paid prior to 05 November 1656 to Lt. Col. Fauntleroy to cover the tithes of Burgess and Hodges. It apperars that he came to Virginia 1653-1656, located his patent, and sealed it with Burgess and Hodges, then returned to England to get his family and completed the process of patenting his land. (Tithable Citizens of Lancaster County, Virginia, 1653-1656, reprinted in "Browning Quaterly," Vol. 1, Summer 1983, pg. 3)

The earliest Virginia residence which has been documented for Thomas and Hester Browning was on the "south side of the head of Hoskins' Creek" in Lancaster County, Virginia (later Old Rappahannock County and present Essex County). The Virginia patent for 450 acres, granted 30 November 1657, was issued on the basis of transportation of nine people to the colony, including Thomas, his wife Hester, their son John, and their daughter, Hester, as well as others. The patent was signed by Samuel Mathews and William Claiborne, Sr. (Old Rappahannock County, Virginia, Deed Book 2, pg. 55). This land was located 5-6 miles southeast of the present town of Rappahannock.

NOTE: "Old" Rappahannock County, Virginia, which is so designated to distinguish it from the modern Rappahannock County, which is about 150 miles northwest of the present Essex County, as organized in 1656 from Lancaster County. The Hoskins' Creek area where the first Browning land was located, was inland about eight miles. Now land-locked, its topography is cut by numerous creeks and bays, leading some to believe that the head of Hoskins' Creek may have been open to navigation from the Rappahannock River several centuries ago. This was an early center of government, merchantile and religious activity.

NOTE: Around the same time that Thomas Browning moved to Maryland, Augustin Herman was preparing his celebrated map of Maryland and its Chesapeake Bay neighbors. "Me Map" underwent numerous publications and was the recognized authority for Maryland topography for many years. On the original map, and on its many subsequent versions, the residence of the Browning family is clearly shown near the south side of the head of the Bohemia River. Herman was a neighbor to the Brownings and in later years was a close friend of John Browning, Thomas' son.

On 04 May 1659, Thomas Browning sold his land on Hoskins' Creek to John Cooke. (Old Rappahannock County Deed Book 2, pg. 55) John Cooke assigned to Thomas Meader, dec'd, and given by will to Thomas Meader, orphan, on 09 April 1664. (Cavaliers & Pioneers, Pg. 477-478, by Marion Nell Nugent)

On 01 August 1659, Thomas Browning bought 100 acres of land from William Johnson. (Old Rappahannock County Deed Book 2, pg. 190) William Johnson was the first High Sheriff of "Old" Rappahannock County. His first patent for land in this area was issued 06 October 1656. The tract which Thomas Browning pruchased was about 12 miles east of his Hoskins' Creek patent. It ran in a northwesterly direction between Piscataway Creek and Hoskins' Creek. It was adjacent to William Johnson's other tract and to land owned by Nicholas White and Robert Young. In a later record concerning the portion which William Johnson retained for his own use, reference is made to the "ordinary" (Inn) kept by William Johnson. (Essex County Land Trials, 1715-1740, pg. 23)

On 16 June 1662, Thomas made arrangement to sell this land to David Hopkins and Richard Prater. (Old Rappahannock County Deed Book 2, pg. 335)

On 31 December 1662, David Hopkins and Richard Prater agreed to pay to Thomas Browning 'two thousand pounds of good, sound merchantable bright and large Virginia tobacco.' Witnesses Richard Glover and Richard James. Richard James was one of the persons transported to Maryland by Thomas Browning. (Old Rappahannock County Deed Book 2, pg. 327)

On 16 June 1663, "Ester" Browning signed a release of dower to David Hopkins and Richard Prater. Witnesses: Reeve and John Stafford. (Old Rappahannock County Deed Book 2, pg. 327)

On 13 November 1663, Thomas bought from Abraham Morgan, planter, of Baltimore County, 300 acres on the south side of the Bohemia River in Baltimore County (later Cecil County) adjacent to George Hack. Witnesses: Thomas Bostock, Briant Onnby, John Gregory. (Maryland Patent Records, Liber 8, pg. 380; Liber 9, pg 71 and 490; Baltimore County Deed Book 1663-1705, pg. 59)

1663: Thomas Browning and his wife Hester sold their Essex land and move to Maryland accompanied by thier son John. The elder Brownings purchased property from Abraham Morgan in Baltimore County (later Cecil County) that year in November. (Robert W. Barnes, Baltimore County Families, Baltimore: GPC Co., Inc. 1989, pg. 78) It appears that Hester, daughter of Thomas and Hester Browning, married or was deceased prior to her family's entry into Maryland. It is clear she didn't accompany her parents to Maryland. At some point before 1674, Thomas and Hester Browning leave Maryland, probably returning to Gloucestershire, England, although some associations may be established with Barbados and Jamaica. Thomas' estate settlement is not recorded even by inference in Maryland except for the notice cited under his son John.

On entering Maryland, Thomas listed as head rights himself, his wife Hester, and his son John. His daughter Hester is not listed. If she married before the family left Virginia, this would give us a basis for estimating birth dates for Thomas and Hester.

Thomas' total holdings in Maryland was 1300 acres. All land acquired in Maryland was located on the south side of the head of the Bohemia River.

At some point before 1764, Thomas and Hester left Maryland, probably returning to Gloucestershire, England. Thomas' estate settlement is not recorded in Maryland, even by inference, except for the notice that John, "son and heir of Thomas Browning" returned to Maryland from England, by way of Barbados, armed with a letter from Lord Baltimore directing that Thomas Browning's land be made over to John Browning.

Records in England indicate that Thomas died after April 1674 and before 29 July 1679, probably in England. After Thomas' death, his son, John returned to Maryland from England and claimed his father's property by right of inheritance.

Records show that in 1674, John, "son of Thomas Browning" returned to Maryland from England, via Barbados, armed with a letter from Lord Baltimore, directing that Thomas Browning's land be made over to John Browning. The estate was administered 29 July 1679 in Cecil County, Maryland.

FAST FACTS RE: THOMAS AND HESTER BROWNING, from Browning Quaterly-Volume 1-Number 1

The earliest Virginia residence (which has been documented) of Thomas Browning and his wife, Hester, was on the "southside of the head of Hoskins' Creek" in present Essex County, Virginia. The Virginia patent shows that the Brownings' were accompanied to this country by their son, John, and their daughter, Hester. Indications are strong that Thomas Browning was related to the Jamestown Brownings but further research of both English and Virginia records is needed before this relationship can be verified.
In 1663, Thomas Browning purchased property in present Cecil County, Maryland, and sold his land on Hoskins' Creek. After Thomas' death in 1673, his son, John, returned to Maryland from England and claimed his father's property by right of inheritance.

John Browning's wife, Elizabeth, and three of his sons (Thomas, John, and George) entered Maryland in 1679 and lived there until their deaths, John's death occurring before 13 October 1690. A fourth son, Francis, was evidently born in Maryland.

Francis Browning can be found in Bristol, England, living in the household of his grandmother, Hester Browning, with his sisters (Hester, Judith, Elizabeth, Mary and Ann) in the late 17th century. Hester Browning's extate was settled in 1705 in Gloucestershire, England, by her eldest son, Thomas.

It is presumed that this is the same Francis Browning who in 1710 purchased land on the Portobago in Essex County, Virginia, only a few scant miles from his Grandfather Thomas' earlier Virginia location on Hoskins' Creek. Additional research in England is needed before this conclusion can be confirmed.

From the four sons of John Browning of Cecil County, Maryland, there appears to have been born at least ten sons; and to these ten were born almost forty grandsons of John Browning. Thus, the Southern line was poised to fight for independence and to people the expanding American Frontier.

Marriage Notes for Thomas BROWNING and Hester UNKNOWN:
1 REFN MRIN240029

More About Thomas BROWNING and Hester UNKNOWN:
Marriage: Abt. 1638, England
     
Children of Thomas BROWNING and Hester UNKNOWN are:
  2944 i.   John BROWNING, Sr., born Abt. 1640 in England; died Abt. 1690 in Cecil County, Maryland; married Elizabeth UNKNOWN Abt. 1667 in England.
  ii.   Hester Browning, born Unknown.


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