Jacob Meyer was born 1713, and died 1800. He married Magdalena.
Notes for Jacob Meyer: ** Unable to confirm dates of birth or death and parents **
The Jacob Meyer being considered here is the Jacob Meyer of Bethel Township, born c 1713, member of the Little Swatara Congregation of German Baptist Brethren, and father of:
(1) Maria Meyer, who married Ludwig Meyer, (2) Christian Meyer, (3) Elizabeth Meyer, who married David Preiss, (4) Barbara Meyer, who married Jacob Heckman (5) Anna Meyer, who married John Brubacher, (6) Magdalena Meyer, who married John Groh, (7) Feronica Meyer, who married Christian Heissey, (8) Jacob Meyer, (9) Abraham Meyer, (10) John Meyer, (11) Hannah Meyer, who married Jacob Heissey.
The names of his sons and daughters (and spouses of his daughters) are from his Will dated 13, May, 1800, Bethel Township, Dauphin County. Before 1785, Bethel was located in Lancaster County. It is presently in Lebanon County, as county lines have shifted over time.
In a more recent study by Richard Warren Davis, EMIGRANTS, REFUGEES AND PRISONERS, VOLUME II, 1997, pp. 285-286, and p.178, the wife of our Jacob Meyer is given as Magdalena. No last name is given. As far as I know, there was no Anna Magdalena Burkholder, so this Magdalena, if Jacob's true wife, was probably not a Burkholder, but someone else.
A Magdalena who would have fit the picture was Magdalena Frantz, b. c 1719, daughter of Christian Frantz I (b. 1685). His extended family settled in the Bethel and Tulpehocken area, Lancaster County, after arriving on the Ship Samuel in 1732. The names and ages of his children were given on the ship's logs as:
(1) Christian, age 26 (b. c 1706) (2) Eva, age 19 (b. c 1713) (3) Magdalena, age 15 (b. c 1717) (4) Judith, age 12 (b. c 1720) (5) Veronica, age 8 (b. c 1724) (6) John, age 7 (b. c 1725) (7) Michael, age 6 (b. c 1726) (8) Elizabeth, age 3 (b. c 1729)
The oldest son, Christian II, was born of Christian I's first wife. The rest of the children were of Christian I's second wife, Anna, who was age 37 in 1732.
The father, Christian Frantz I, died in 1738/9. His sons settled in the Little Swatara Creek area of Bethel and Tulpehocken, in Lancaster County. Christian Frantz II settled in Tulpehocken Twp. in present-day Berks County. John Frantz settled in Bethel Twp. in present-day Berks County. And Michael Frantz settled in Bethel Twp. in present day Lebanon County. The sons were founders and members of the Little Swatara Congregation.
Nothing is known about the daughters, Magdalena, Judith, Veronica, and Elizabeth, other than that they were listed as passengers on the Ship Samuel in 1732. They would have been quite young at the time of their father's death, suggesting that they may have lived with their half-brother, Christian Frantz II. Beyond that it is reasonable to assume that they were married to men from the Little Swatara area. I have conjectured in my last Brethren-L message, "Garst Wives," that the daughter, Elizabeth Frantz, may have married John Nicholas Garst. He was a close neighbor of Michael Frantz, from 1751, at the latest, and he was also a member of the Little Swatara Church. I am now speculating that the daughter, Magdalena Frantz, may have married Jacob Meyer. Jacob was born c. 1713; Magdalena was born c 1717. Both were from exiled Swiss Mennonite families that lived in the Pfalz, in the early 1700s, before journeying to America. After arrival, both lived in the area of the Little Swatara Creek in northern Lancaster County. Both the Frantzes and the Meyers became Brethren.
The Frantz daughters, about whom we know next to nothing, would have been the right ages, and in the right places at the right time, and under the right circumstances, to have married men who united with the Little Swatara Church. Only three members of the Little Swatara Congregation were living and paying taxes in Bethel Township, Lancaster County. They were Michael Frantz, John Nicholas Garst, and Jacob Meyer. It is possible that two of the Frantz daughters were the wives of Garst and Meyer. Again, this is just conjecture on my part.
Jacob Meyer - Carole's notes ---------------------------- Jacob Meyer lived in Bethel Township -- originally part of Lancaster County, and became a township within Lebanon County when it was formed. The location references may lead to you to think that Jacob Meyers may have moved but it looks like he lived in the same area since coming to America -- off of Swarta Creek, just west of Greble and south of Fredericksburg, PA in Bethel Township, now in Lebannon County. It is possible, though, that the original homestead was south of Swarta Creek -- which currently is slightly south of the Meyer Cemetary.
EARLY BRETHREN FARMS ON LITTLE SWATARA CREEK by Dwight Wrightsman Excerpt regarding Jacob Meyer --------------------------------------------- On the south side of the Creek from the Garst farm was the farm of Jacob Meyer. Both Garst and Meyer were listed, in 1770, as baptized members of the Little Swatara Congregation. Jacob Meyer was ordained as Deacon of the Church in 1780, at the same time as Michael Frantz's ordination as Elder.
Jacob Meyer is perhaps best known to the Brethren through his children. His daughter Barbara was married to Jacob Heckman, son of Elder Peter Heckman. The Heckmans were among the early leaders of the Little Swatara Congregation.
Jacob Meyer's daughter Anna was married to John Brubaker, the first Brethren Brubaker, and progenitor to most Brethren Brubakers today. The Brubakers (or Brubachers) were originally Swiss Mennonites. It is unknown whether John Brubaker (b. c1748) joined the Little Swatara Brethren Church while he still lived in the area, or if he became Brethren after c1790, when he moved his family to Franklin Co., VA.
1. Strassburger and Hinke, "Pennsylvania German Pioneers" 2. Brumbaugh, "History of the Brethren" 3. Durnbaugh, "The Brethren in Colonial America" 4. Harold Frantz, et. al., "Genealogy of the Matthias Frantz Family of Berks County" 5. Pennsylvania State Archives, "Pennsylvania Land Warrantee Township Maps" 6. Wolfson, "Warrant, Patent & Survey Records, Lebanon County, Pennsylvania"
Jacob Meyer ----------- Jacob was the second of 6 children and probably was the first one in his family to be born in North America. He was born in 1721 and there was nothing here but primative wilderness, Indians, and a few settlers. Since there were but few white people, there was no need for government but that all changed as more Europeans immigrated to thearea.
Lancaster county was erected (an old English term) in 1729 when Jacob was 8 years old. The chartering of Lancaster Borough did not takeplace until 1742 when he was in his 20s. The idea of building a town in that location seemed odd since there was no running water. Water would have to be piped from the Connestoga. The only problem was that there was a large swamp between what is now Lancaster and the river. Many wild beasts, including wolves, inhabited the swamp.
He would have see the town grow and develop and perhaps do business there.
Whites and Indians had gotten along pretty well but there had been a few hostilities. In 1744 a Treaty was signed with the Indians. It has been said the Mennonites and Quakers got along fairly well with the Indians but the Irish and others feared for their safety. They wanted to migrate and develop the area west of the Susquehanna Riverand he Indians were in the way.
During December 1763 a band of 57 Scot Presbyterians from the Paxtangarea, Near Harrisburg, decided to kill all the remaining Indians in the area. There was a Conestoga Indian town in Manor Township whose residents were known to be peaceable. The group killed everyone!!
The remaining Indians were taken to the Lancaster Jail for their protection. The jail and court yard was located on Prince and King Streets in Lancaster. Part of the original jail house wall is contained in the Fulton Opera House.
Just after Christmas, on December 27, 1763, while local residents were in church, the gang returned and broke into the jail. They slaughtered everyone there. The local residents were very upset over these events. The gang was never brought to justice. Today, it is said that the Fulton Opera House is haunted and people have heard and seen what they thought were Indians.
On September 27, 1777 Lancaster served as the capital of the United States. George Washington visited Lancaster in 1773 and 1791.
During his lifetime, Jacob probably witnessed more change to the area and the country than any generation since.
List of Individuals Baptised by Elder Michael Frantz -- 1739-1747 Conestoga Congregation German Baptist Brethren Pages 307-309 Submitted by Don Harlacher Elder Michael Frantz -------------------------------------- 1743 Jacob Mayer (some Meyers spelled Mayer) http://www.cob-net.org/text/genbrm16.htm
Assessment List for Lebanon Township, Lancaster County, PA, "History of Dauphin and Lebanon Counties, Pennsylvania" by William Henry Egle ------------------------------------------------------------ 1750 Jacob Meyer, Christopher Meyers, Jacob Myers John Burkholder, Ulrich Burkholder
1755 Conrad Meyer, Christopher Meyers, Jacob Myers John Burkholder, Christian Burkholder, Ulrich Burkholder 1758 Conrad Meyer, Christopher Meyers, Jacob Myer Nicholas Burkholder, Christian Burkholder, Ulrich Burkholder http://www.sellers-sellars-sollars-zellars.net/palancas.htm
Jacob and Little Swatara Congregation -------------------------------------- The families listed as baptized members of the Little Swatara Congregation in 1770 were those of: Jacob Moyer (Meyer) http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/BRETHREN/2002-04/1018373206
Little Swatara -------------- In 1770, the chronicler Morgan Edwards listed the membership of the Little Swatara Congregation of German Baptist Brethren in the Tulpehocken region of Pennsylvania. By his count there were 45 baptized members from 27 households. Peter Heckman was the elder in charge. He was also one of the original founders, who, along with George Beshore, Michael Frantz, John Frantz, and others (unnamed), were baptized by Elder George Klein. This group, with Klein's assistance, coalesced into a church in 1757. By 1770, the families at (or near) the top of the membership list were those with the following surnames: HECKMAN, FRANTZ, GARST, MEYER, BESHORE, MERKEY, BRENISEN, AND KLEIN. All lived on or near the Little Swatara Creek that ran through Lancaster and Berks Counties. Intermarriages between the families of the Little Swatara Congregation were common. From: "dwayne wrightsman" To: Sent: Friday, November 23, 2001 12:26 PM Subject: [GARST] LITTLE SWATARA MARRIAGES http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/GARST/2001-11/1006543184
The Church of the Brethren of Lebanon County, PA by. Rev. J.G. Francis Little Swatara Creek ------------------------------------------------ Little Swatara had it's beginnings in 1750 when Elder George Klein moved to Northkill and labored in the Little Swatara region in Berks county. Shortly after he baptized Brethren near the town of Millersburg - including Michael Frantz and others. By 1770 the church grew to include 45 baptized members in Lebanon and Berks Counties, including Jacob Moyer (Meyer). Jacob Moyer (Meyer) is likely the Jacob Moyer who purchased 100 acres in Bethel Township (now Lebanon County) from the Penns on February 28, 1742 and 160 acres on October 14, 1747. He is likely also the Jacob Moyer identified as a non associator in the Bethel Township assessment.
[At this time the non-associators, of which there were a large number in the townships, were disarmed by Col. Greenawalts battalion. Many of these people were scrupulous of bearing arms, Mennonites, Moravians, and a few Quakers. They were not disloyal, but disinterested spectators of the struggle. As long as they were not disturbed in their religious devotions it mattered little to them under whose dominion they were. It may as well be here remarked that not every one who was classed as a non-associator was unwilling to bear arms. Some were disabled by physical ailments, some beyond the age of fifty-three, who were exempt from military duty, and yet assessed with those first alluded to. As the war progressed those not really liable for service were heavily fined, three pounds ten shillings being the uniform rate. http://www.accessible.com/amcnty/PA/DauphinLebanon/Lebanon07.htm]
Jacob Meyer lived on the old Meyer homestead just a short distance below Fredericksburg. August 12, 1782 Jacob Moyer (Meyer) was ordained deacon.
Members met in their homes until the first meetinghouse in Lebanon County was erected in stone in 1848 near Millersburg.
White Oak Beginnings in Lebannon County, p. 106 ------------------------------------------------ The Meyer tract was known as "Jacobs Plans". Meyer and his sons, Peter and Abraham, may have been members of the Brethren, as a Jacob Meyer was baptized in 1743, and a Peter Meyer, Oct. 20, 1782. Abraham Meyer, as well as his brother Peter, sold his share of his father's land to Hershey; and later we find an Abraham Meyer living above Mt. Zion, and on his land was erected the Brethren Moyer (Meyer) meeting house. So the Meyers may have been the first members about the present Cornwall meeting-house. (See History of Royer Family, pp. 487-493).
Possible immigration -------------------- There's a Jacob Meyer who traveled on the Adventure http://olivetreegenealogy.com/ships/palship16.shtml This ship also carried Stutzman, Ulrich, Miller, and Lehmans.
Jacob Meyer ----------- Barbara Meyer, was the daughter of Jacob Meyer (b. c 1713). Jacob Meyer and his wife, Magdalena, were also among the leading members of the congregation in 1770.
Jacob Heckman joined his brothers-in-law, Christian Meyer and John Brubaker (who had married Anna Meyer), on a journey to Franklin County, Virginia, in 1789, to buy land. John and Anna Meyer Brubaker stayed on in Virginia, becoming the common ancestors of nearly all Brethren Brubakers."
Will of Jacob Meyer is translated and written in full in Marwin E. Brubaker and Margaret Brubaker Eller, DESCENDANTS OF JOHN AND ANNA MYERS BRUBAKER, 1750-1995, published in 1996, pages A 17, A 18, and A 19.
Information taken from two emails -- both in the following reference: From: "dwayne wrightsman" Subject: Re: [BRE] Little Swatara: Heckman and Meyer Date: Fri, 23 Nov 2001 16:42:32 -0500 http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/BRETHREN/2001-11/1006551752
Children of Jacob Meyer and Magdalena are:
+Anna Meyer, b. 18 Aug 1751, Bethel Twp, Lancaster Co, PA, d. 1835, Salem, Botetourt Co VA.