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Updated January 26, 2002

Lisa Engle Herdahl

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In Memory and Dedication of my father Richard Alfred Engle who passed on March 4, 2000.

When Robert Engle landed on the shores of the Delaware, it was mostly a howling wilderness, with just a few openings. Dense forests filled the valleys and crowned the hilltops, and wild beasts and red men occupied the country.
To leave the comforts of the Old World to live in the New took a large degree of moral courage and self denial, even considering the strife and commotion of the native land which caused them to seek asylum and home in New Jersey.

Webster's unabridged dictionary defines England as the "land of the Engles." The Engles or Angles (synonymous terms) are further defined as a race of peoples from Germanic Denmark who settled in England, giving its name. After the Roman departure in 450, under the early Saxon King Egbert who was able to consolidate his rule over the seven Saxon kingdoms, the name England achieved wide use.

In a record of the early generations of the Engle family, appears the declaration that four brothers came to America in the year 1683, by the name of Engle from Germany, Old England, and that three settled at Germantown, six miles from Philadelphia, and one came to Evesham, Burlington Co., NJ. The term 'Old England' was often used at that period to distinguish it from New England, America. The term 'Germany' may have been used to designate a certain part of England. However, tradition says that (only) three brothers came to America, and that the family actually has a German origin. The German tradition is consistent with the settlement of his brothers in Germantown.

In his 1696 will, Robert mentions two brothers in Millbourn, Cambridgeshire, Old England. (It is thought that) this is now part of Cambridge. From this record comes the impression that Robert came from Cambridgeshire, despite the tradition of a German origin. Their actual origin remains unverified.

Robert was married in a civil ceremony, documented on page 2 of 'Book C' of the records of the New Jersey Secretary of State at Trenton, which contains marriages and births. They are described as "Robert Ingall and Joan Horne." One of the witnesses was John Day, perhaps a lifelong friend of Robert, who was also one of the executors of Robert Engle's will. (Rue therefore concludes that there in no doubt "Ingall" was intended for "Engle.") As this was a civil ceremony, it is thought that neither Robert, nor his wife, were Quakers at the time of their marriage - but that soon afterward they became members.

Robert's selection of land on which to settle included much of the stream called Mason's Creek. It also included a considerable amount of lowland suitable to become a meadow, which after clearing, would provide natural pasturage for horses and cattle. The property also included the later site of the 'Engles,' the mill erected by his descendents which was in use during the 1700's.

On page L-109, it is noted that by 1790 all of the descendents of Robert with the name Engle were traceable to three brothers in the fourth generation of Engles, and their offspring of 28 children who were born from 1760 to 1790. This family group generally occupied adjacent farms containing a total of 1000 acres with the mill in the center, as compared to the 100 acres originally located by the immigrant Robert in 1685.

The westward movement, which began in earnest about 1803, caused many Engles to seek new homes west of the Alleghenies. By the late 1800's, there were about 62 persons with the name Engle living in New Jersey, 46 of whom were Engles by birth. All of these individuals were descended from Joseph and Mary (Borton) Engle, of the fourth generation.

ENGLE: This surname was originally Austrian and German but was later found registered in England under ENGALL. It was originally classed as a baptismal surname "the son of Engal", or "Ingle"; with the variant Ingle; similarly German Engel.

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