Notes for J. Smead: From Deerfield, Mass. History by SHELDON Salt Lake Family History Library Vol I974.422/d1 H2s In order to write the History of the SMEAD Family it is necessary to include the Indian slaughter at Deerfield, Franklin County, Massachusetts on 29 February 1704 because not only were there several from the SMEAD family killed or carried away to Canada but also from the CATLI N and KELLOGG family which are part of our ancestry. The following history is taken from the "History of Deerfield, Massachusetts" by Sheldon.
REV. JOHN WILLIAMS
"On Tuesday, the 29th of February, 1704, not long before the break of day, the enemy came in like a flood upon us; our watch being unfaithful, an evil, whose awful effects, in a surprise of our fort, should be speak all watchmen to avoid, as they would not bring charge of blood upon themselves They came to my house in the beginning of the onset and by their violent endeavors to break open doors and windows, with axes and hatchets, awakened me out of sleep; on which I leapt out of bed, and running towards the door perceived the enemy making their entrance into the house; I called to awaken two soldiers in the chamber, and returned to my bedside for my arms; the enemy immediately brake into the room, I judge to the number of twenty, with painted faces and hideous exclamations. I reached up my hands to the bed-tester for my pistol, uttering a short petition to God for everlasting mercies for me and mine. * * * expecting a present passage through the valley of the shadow of death. Taking down my pistol, I cocked it, and put it to the breast of the first Indian that came up; but my pistol missing-fire, I was seized by 3 Indians who disarmed me, and bound me naked, as I was in my shirt, and so I stood for near the space of an hour; bending me, they told me they would carry me to Quebec. My pistol missing fire, was an occasion of my life being preserved. The judgment of God did not long slumber against one of the three which took me, who was a Captain; for by sun-rising he received a mortal shot from my next neighbor's house, [Bunyan Stebbins] who opposed so great a number of French and Indians as three hundred, and yet were no more than seven men in an ungarrisoned house * * * The enemies who entered the house were all of them Indians and Macquas; insulting over me awhile holding up hatchets over my head, threatening to burn all I had; but yet God, beyond expectation, made us in a great measure to be pitied; for tho some were so cruel and barbarous as to take and carry to the door two of my children and murdered them, as also a Negro woman; yet they gave me liberty to put on my clothes, * * * gave liberty to my dear wife to dress herself and our children. About sun an hour high, we were all carried out of the house for a march, and saw many of the houses of my neighbors in flames, perceiving the whole fort, one house excepted, to be take n * * * Upon my parting from the town, they fired my house and barn. We were carried over the river to the foot of the mountain, about a mile from my house, where we found a great number of our Christian neighbors, men, women and children, to the number of an hundred, nineteen of whom were afterwards murdered by the way and two starved".
A pictorial sketch of the town of Deerfield, Mass, with its fort and homes.
In 1704 the town was built along the whole length of the plateau as to-day. Of its forty-one houses, at least fifteen were within the line of the stockades. About twelve were north, and fourteen south of it. When the night of February 28th closed down, 291 souls were under t heir rooftrees. Of these, twenty were garrison soldiers, two visitors from Hatfield and 268 inhabitants. They were of all ages, from Widow Allison of eighty-four years, to John, the youngling of Deacon French's flock, of four weeks. Among them were three negro slaves, one Indian, and three Frenchmen from Canada. In a few hours all but one hundred and twenty-six of the inhabitants were either killed or in the hands of a cruel enemy, o n a march over the snow to Canada, three hundred miles away.
On the march to Canada many died, and many were killed. Those who survived were taken in by Canadians. Many of the survivors were bought for ransom and were returned home. The following of our family members are listed below.
John Catlin - 2 children burned but survived. John and one son burned inside house. His wife survived. Joseph Catlin - Joseph lost his life. His Wife and child survived. He died fighting in the mea dow. Samuel Smead - His wife, mother and two children smothered in the cellar of their burning home. Samuel survived but was wounded.
John Smead - family survived Ebenezer Smead - family survived Waitstill (Smead) Warner - carried off to Canada, died on the way Ebenezer Warner - burned in his home with their two children. Thankful (Smead) Hawks - with her husband and three children burned the in the cellar of their home. Martin Kellogg - 45 year old lost his life Martin Kellogg Jr. - 17 years old lost his life Joseph Kellogg - 12 years old lost his life Joanna Kellogg - 11 years carried off never heard from again. Rebecca Kellogg - 8 years old lost her life.
The Deerfield slaughter was part of the war called the Queen Anne's war and lasted from 170 2 - 1713. This Deerfield event was one of many attacks on small communities in the area and was part of living in the wilderness of that day.
Gradually the men of Deerfield rallied from the great shock. By slow degrees, the situation took on a new aspect. Houses were left to shelter them; soldiers were there for their protection; the rich meadow land was still theirs. Their faith in an overruling Providence became once more a controlling power, and the future became more hopeful. Bravely they set about gathering up the broken threads of their lives as best they might.
The house of the town clerk, Thomas French, though ransacked, was not burned, and the town books were preserved. On their time-stained pages bearing record of town action, there is not a single syllable referring to this great catastrophe. Those initiated, can see why the spring meeting was deferred seven weeks; why the list of officers is incomplete; why a new hand writing appears on its pages. (Thomas French the clerk had been killed) To other eyes nothing unusual is revealed.
With the above as background the history of the Smead family begins.
More About J. Smead and Judith Stoughton: Marriage: 1634, Massachusetts.2160
Children of J. Smead and Judith Stoughton are:
+William Smead, b. Abt. 1635, England2160, d. January 01, 1729/30, Deerfield, Franklin, Massachusetts2161.