Notes for Henry Parker Hollingsworth: The Hollingsworth family originated in the northwest maritime county of Cheshire, England, well before the year 1000]. If family tradition is correct, as it may very well be, that the Hollingsworths were Saxons, then it is possible that they were among the Anglo-Saxon people who pushed up from south-central England in the year 830, defeated the Celts who had occupied the territory from before Roman times, and brought Cheshire into the kingdom of Mercia. The Hollingsworth estate is thought to be the "Holisurde" of Domesday, the great survey of England ordered by William the Conqueror and carried out in the year 1085. Just prior to that survey, Cheshire was greatly enlarged by the Normans and included parts of Lancashire, Flintshire, and Denbighshire and designated the Earldom of Chester. The first Earl of this vast territory was Hugh of Avranches, appointed by William in 1071. Although many Saxon estates were espropriated by the Normans, Hollingsworth was not. It was, however, required to pay heavy taxes and render feudal services to Hugh, Earl of Chester, during the difficult years of adjustment to Norman rule. Perhaps the motto of the family, "Learn to suffer what must be borne" or "Bear patiently what must be borne", was adopted during the years of struggle following the Norman invasion. There were two contending branches of the Hollingsworth family living near Mottram in the Macclesfield Hundred (Domesday, the Hundred of "Hamstan"): the Hollingsworths of Hollingsworth Hall of Manor, and those of the Old Hall, or "Nether Hall", located nearer to the Village of Mottram. It is thought that the family of Nether Hall was a branch of the earlier HOllingsworths struck off after the ancient line ended in a female heir. However, both branches claim the same descent from Saxon nobles, and both families used the same crest and motto, but the precise relationship between them is at the present time somewhat obscure. The Nether Hall Hollingsworth were already established as a separate Cadet branch of the family during the reign of King Henry V c 1420. It is not known from which branch of the family the descendants of Valentine Hollingsworth derive. Neither of the Hollingsworth manors has survived to the present day, but St. Michael's Church in the Village of Mottram, east of Manchester, preserves many memorials to various members of the Hollingsworth family. It should be noted that the family of Hollingsworth have spelled their name in several ways: Hollingsworth, Holyngworthe, Holynworth, and Holonsworth. In America, the name has consistently been spelled Hollingsworth. The spelling of family names has never been a matter of consistency until relatively recent times. In any event, there does not seem to be any appreciable disagreement among genealogists as to the origin of the Hollingsowrths, Valentine, came to Pennsylvania in the great Quaker migration of 1682. William Penn himself, Lord Proprietor and Governor of Pennsylvania, headed the migration. The facinating question is how Henry Hollingsworth, father of Valentine, came to be living in Ireland, for he was almost certainly born in England and came to Ireland before 1631, the year in which the Muster Roll of the Ulster Plantation was drawn up bearing his name as a tennant of Richard Cope, Esquire, and Mr. Michael Obbins, undertakers of 2,000 acres. Behind this quesiton lies the long history of attempts by British kings and queens to subjugate Ireland. Henry was caught up in King James I's --and later, King Charles I's -- great plan to dispossess Irish landowners of their property and to replace them with Loyal Englishmen, particularly Englishmen suficient wealthy to pay into the royal cofers moderate amounts for such property. The English nobility, always in need of lands to bestow upon their younger sons, who because of the laws of primogeniture could not inherit estates, looked with favor on the plan and eagerly purchased available property. The designs of the kings were twofold: one, to obtain funds for their oft-depleted treasuries: two, to settle loyal English subjects in Ireland who would support the King's plan, however, was never successful, for the Irish resisted subjugation at every point. In the meantime, inspite of the superiority of the English military forces, and the cooperation of some of the Irish nobility, the English immigrants found themselves confronted by overt and covert threat to life and limb from dispossessed Irish People.
The history of England's attempts to subjugate and rule Ireland is long and bloody, marked by plots and intrigues of international scope. England's claims on Ireland date from ancient times, and given the way such claims were handled in medieval days, England did have legal grounds to support her position. For example, Henry II, in 1155 received from Pope Adrian IV the grant of Ireland "as an inheritance "on the condition that he should bring order to the Irish church and state. Henry, expecting great resistance to the papal grant entered Ireland with a large army but was surprised when the peaceful submission of the Irish leaders was easy and complete. In 1172 the Irish bishops declared, "Divine offices shall be celebrated according to the forms of the English church, for it is just and right that as Ireland has received her lord and king from England, she should accept reform from the same source". In the meantime, Henry set up the essentials of an orderly government in Ireland--apportioned property in the traditional manner, and generally brought the order into existence that the pope required. However, order was more appearance than reality, for scarcely ten years elapsed before hostilities broke out which wre only the start of conflicts which have plagued the English monarchs right down to the present day. Henry Hollingsworth and his son Valentine (called in the literature a "yeoman") were caught in the crossfire. Henry and his wife Katheran must have left Cheshire about 1630 or a little before, gone to Armagh, Ireland, and lived as tenants on property granted by the crown to Richard Cope and Michael Obbins. What they xperienced when they got there was far from pleasant. English residents were badly treated by tive Irish. "Many were murdered, many went back to England and never returned. The period was turbulent for many years." It should be noted that no connection has as yet been made between Henry Hollingsworth was listed on the Muster Roll of Ulster Plantation c 1631 as 5th on a list of 24 tenants of Richard Cope, Esq. and Mr. Michael Obbins, undertakers of 2000 acres. Henry is assessed with a sword and a caliver (a primitive calibrated pistol"]. Apparantly, Henry Hollingsworth lived on Cope and Obbinses large farm of 2000 acres and was required to render militia service to the -----in order to protect their property from attack by the Irish. It has been presumend by many that Henry came from the line in Cheshire where Old Hall Hollingsworth once stood and where many US Hollingsworth have made pilgrimage However, the new DNA project that is still underway has so far concluded that this Henry's line is in no way related to the English line.
More About Henry Parker Hollingsworth: Immigration: 1631, Ireland.
More About Henry Parker Hollingsworth and Katherine Cornish: Marriage: 1631
Children of Henry Parker Hollingsworth and Katherine Cornish are:
+Valentine Hollingsworth, b. 15 Aug 1632, Ballyvickcrannel, Parish of Seagoe, Col Armagh, Ireland, d. 13 Oct 1710, Newark, Newcastle Co., Delaware.