Notes for Gabriel Loving, Sr.: C) Descendants of Gabriel Loving (1725-1790)
This chapter, enumerating some of the descendants of Gabriel Loving, is the largest and most complicated one in the hook, for in it as found many sub-clans that adopted variant spellings of the surname. Theories about the origin of these spellings are legion and, for the sake of brevity, will not be discussed here. Suffice It to say that this phenomenon is not unique in the Loving family. Examination of some sixty or more family histories published in recent years confirms that the spelling of family surnames is seldom uniform. Each family bears within it a number of clans using odd spellings of the original name, and it is dear that the leading cause of this is illiteracy. During the early gears of this nation, and after the Revolution for about 100 years, a steady stream of humanity was on the move to new lands in the developing western regions. Schools were non-existent in new communities and the parents of school-age children were seldom able to teach their offspring the most basic skills of reading and writing. The man who could read and write even with moderate skill as the exception, not the rule, and to him fell the choice positions in county courts and federal offices. The recorder of deeds, well, marriages and deaths wrote down the name of his clients as best he could, phonetically copying the way those names were pronounced. The applicant for a marriage license, unable to spell his name, may have said "John Lovin from Morton's Gap." The clerk may have written it down as Lovin, Loven, Lovan, or even as Lovern if the speaker had grown up in a Scotch-Irish community. All of these aberrant spellings have become permanent fixtures in the family of Loving along with the others which include a terminal "s" to compound the problem. Keep in mind that a name is a word, and all words become altered by local pronunciations. The spoken word shapes the written language.
Gabriel Loving probably grew up in that fertile region called the Valley of Virginia, where many members of the Loving family settled in first years of the 1Bth century. This area, watered by the south fork of the Shenandoah River, the James River and the Staunton River, included parts of Augusta, Frederick, Botetourt, Berkeley, Dunmore, Rockbridge and Rockingham counties. Legend says he was a son of Thomas Loving of Powhatan County, Virginia,and some circumstantial evidence will be offered in support of the legend. Legend also fixes his birth in the Year 1725 and his death in 1790. The name of his wife has been sought for decades without success. The number of his sons and daughters was ten and their names will be set forth in a later paragraph.
Documents pertaining to Gabriel himself are hard to find and the one most often passed around among Loving researchers is the land grant record issued by the State of North Carolina to Gabriel Loving in the year 1779.
A photo-copy of this land grant has been provided by Mr. Raymond Lovan of Fresno, California, an avid genealogist who has pursued Gabriel and his kin for many years. The original may be examined in the Land Office of North Carolina. It bears file number 21 and the date "third day of March in third year of our Independence and in the year of Our Lord One thousand Seven Hundred and seventy nine." This style was copied from English and European documents which often carried dates from the beginning of the reign of the ruling monarch. The land grant was a standard printed form with certain information filled in by the clerk In pen and ink. The land in question, two hundred and thirty four acres, was granted to Gabriel Loving..." for and in consideration of the sum of Fifty Shillings for every hundred acres...paid into our Treasury by Gabriel Loving." It lay on the North side of the Yadkin River, adjoining land owned by John Parkes. The paper makes no mention of Gabriel's wife, who may have been dead by 1779. An order to the State Surveyor requesting a survey of Gabriel's land "without delay" bears a date of 28 September 1779 and indicates that G. Loving was at that time living on the land in question. These two documents fix Gabriel Loving geographically and chronologically in North Carolina in September 1779. He was fifty four years old and all the ten children may have been born by this time. (The youngest, Milly, was married in 1796. She could have been born after 1779.) Legend says that prior to settling in North Carolina, Gabriel had lived in South Carolina for a time, and that his two daughters Mary and Abigail were born in South Carolina. No proof can be provided here, but it may have been true. A similar legend exists in the Bourland family -- that they migrated from Augusta County, Virginia to South Carolina and then moved north again to North Carolina. The Bourlands and the Lovings settled near earth other in the Yadkin River area of North Carolina and Mary and Abigail Loving married Bourland brothers, John and Ebenezer. Two documentary entries in the records of Amherst County should be examined for the circumstantial evidence mentioned earlier which tends to link Gabriel to the mysterious Thomas Loving of Powhatan County, Virginia. The first one, in Deed Book F, page 84, is a statement appointing John Loving to assist in settling the estate of Mary Loving "late of King William County" and sister to John Loving of Amherst County (deceased). It is signed by William Loving, clerk of Court, Amherst County. The second entry, also in Deed Boor F, page 119, bears the date )1 October 1786, just 29 days later than the first entry mentioned above. Both have to do with the settlement of the estate of Mary Loving, and this second entry deals with Thomas Loving's selling all his rights to any interest he may have in the estate of Mary Loving "my deceased sister" to William Loving and his heirs for the sum of twelve shillings. This summarizes what otherwise is a tedious legal statement of these basic facts. The substance of these two entries is of little consequence to the historian. What matters is that the first entry established a family connection between "Old John" Loving of Amherst County and Mary Loving of King William County, and the second one establishes a family link between Thomas Loving of Powhatan County and Mary Loving of King William County. It appears, then, that Old John, Thomas and Mary were children of the same father, whose name never appears anywhere. That is the first conclusion drawn, but it may be erroneous, for the first statement also mentions that Mary Loving had a son named Isham Loving, and this leads one to think that by "sister" the court clerk may have meant "sister-in-law" -- an error often made in court writings. Entry number two, dated 31 October 1786, is most important to the story of Gabriel Loving, for Gabriel is listed as a witness to the statement made by Thomas Loving, who made his "X" after renouncing his claim to Mary's property. The entry ends with this statement: Signed Sealed and Delivered in Presence of: John Loving John Loving, Junior Gabriel Loving
Witnesses for such matters were chosen, carefully and deliberately, from the family. John Loving and John Loving, Junior, were son and grandson of "Old John" Loving. Gabriel Loving was, it is logical to assume, a witness on behalf of his father, Thomas Loving. These were the closest living kin of Mary Loving, whose estate as being settled. It was a matter of some importance to the families involved, for Gabriel, living in Wilkes County, North Carolina, would not make the long journey to Amherst County, Virginia for a trivial matter. Gabriel was then in his sixty first year and he may have come back to attend the funeral of Mary, his aunt, and to visit with his father, Thomas. Yet another clue seems to bear out the link between Gabriel and Thomas -- he named his first non Thomas. While none of this is legal proof, it serves as a foundation for the belief that Thomas Loving of Powhatan County was father of Gabriel Loving. Copies of the two entries discussed here were submitted by Miss Helen Harriet Patron of Salt Lake City, Utah, along with her reflection that Gabriel "could be a son of Thomas Loving" and her comment that Mary Loving may have been a sister-in-law rather than a sister to both John Loving and Thomas Loving. We are inclined to agree with Miss Patton's logic for we respect her long experience in Loving history." _______________________________________________________________
Read, Carl and May; " The Loving Family In America, 1705 - 1981"; Copyright 1981, Harp and Thistle, Ltd. Warner-Robins, Georgia. _________________________________________________________________
Other references concerning Gabriel Loving
In 1775 Gabriel appears in Surrey Co., N. Carolina in the list of taxables according to Wm. Perry Johnson in his book "Surrey and Wilkes Co., N. Carolina taxables 1771-1800".
The 1790 U. S. Census shows Gabriel, Gabriel, Jr. and William Loving to all be living in Wilkes Co., N. Carolina. _________________________________________________________________
1790 U. S. CENSUS STATE: North Carolina CALL NO: G929.3 U58he V. 11 _________________________________________________________________ Males Females County District Page Head |16 & Up | Under 16| All Ages| _________________________________________________________________
Wayne New Bern 150 Lovin, Isum 1 0 2 Wayne Newbern 160 Lovin, Reddick 1 2 1 Stokes Salisbury 179 Lovin, Thomas 2 3 4 Burke Morgan 107 Lovin, Wilm 1 1 4 Wayne Newbern 150 Lovin, William 1 1 2 Wilkes Morgan 122 Loving, Gabriel 1 2 7 Wilkes Morgan 122 Loving, Gabriel 1 2 4 Moore Fayette 44 Loving, Presley 1 2 4 _________________________________________________________________
Our interest at present will center on the families who were living in the Morgan District of N. Carolina. In 1790 the Morgan District was composed of the area which contained Burke, Lincoln, Rutherford, and Wilkes Counties.
Having established the presences of Gabriel Loving in Wilkes Co., N. Carolina let us now look at the relationship of his forth child William to our William B.Loving.
The Land entry book for Wilkes Co., N. Carolina has the following entries of interest.
Entry #22 "Mar. 21, 1778 to Wm. Loving e 250 acres. South side of Yadkin River near Shoal where John Park's line stops running along the line including 2 improvements where Rice Moderest and William Loving now live..."
Entry #42 February 14, 1780, William Loving, Jr., e 100 acres on corner on river bank..."
These land claims are next to and across the river from those of Gabriel Loving, Sr. and Gabriel Loving, Jr. They were also filed on the same dates as the claims made by Gabriel, Sr. and Gabriel, Jr.
The Yadkin River eventually became a boundary between Burke and Wilkes Counties.
1800 U. S. CENSUS _________________________________________________________________
In comparing these entries we see that the entry on 766 is for an older family. It would appear that the most of William children for the 1790 entry have left home. He appears to have added one child since the 1790 census, a female under the age of ten. With this one child and those listed in the 1790 census he appears to have had at least 4 females and 1 male.
At this point let us examine the age of William himself. In the 1790 census we only know he is over the age of 16. In the 1800 census he tells us he is 45 or over. Assuming he is just over 45 years of age his birth year would fall in approximately 1755.
William Loving on Page 768 is believed to be the son of William on Page 766. This belief is supported by the fact that in the Burke Co., Court minutes for January 1803 "A jury was appointed to view a road from Leonard Estes to John Stepps. The jury was to include Thomas White, Rubin White, Joseph Prett, Jr., Joseph Puett, Sr., Wm. Loving, Jr. and Sr., Wm. Sumpter, Sr., George Holloway, James Wilson, John Howell, Rubin Hichman, Wm. Dickson, Rice Mederest, John Loving, John Straw".
We know that William B. Loving was born in 1797 in Burke Co. This information is contained in several census records. It is further supported by the fact that his age in the 1800 census corresponds to what it would be if he were the child listed as under ten with the William on page 768.
In the 1830 U. S. Census we have an entry for another Wm. Loving. This time he is listed as Wm. Jr., thus his father must also be a William.[1224714.ftw]
More About Gabriel Loving, Sr. and Clary Bond: Marriage: 1745, Burke County, North Carolina.
Children of Gabriel Loving, Sr. and Clary Bond are:
+Elizabeth Loving, b. 1752, Powhaten, Virginia ?, d. 1804, Wilkes County, North Carolina.