CORNELIUS CARMACK (Cornelius, William,) was born June 18, 1736 in All Saints Perish in Frederick Co. MD. And died July 18, 1824 in Livingston, Overton Co., TN and is buried in “Pop” Smith (Hill-Smith) cemetery in Pickett TN. He is not actually buried there a memorial tombstone has been put there. He married Margery Jane Evans October 26, 1756, she was born 1736. (”Cornelius Carmack, son of William, went to Overton, TN with his wife Margery” a quote in William’s diary).” He was born of Scotch parents, if not Scotch birth himself. He was raised in MD near settlement called Cunaka. He was a Revolutionary War Soldier, moved to VA, and settled in Washington Co till children grew up then moved to Overton Co to live with son Cornelius till he died. The name Cornelius Carmack appears twice in a list of around 200 named citizens of Overton Co on a petition to the general assembly of TN, asking this laws making body to pass a law authorizing Colonel Stephen Copeland of Overton County to raise a company of 500 mounted men, by volunteer enlistment from the Third Judicial Circuit of Tn, to march against hostile Creek Indians and other tribes of save foe, a fight them in their own savage way and act as rangers, etc. Dated October 26, 1813. In that part of Southwest Virginia that was to become Washington County, Cornelius Carmack is listed as receiving four land grants among the first surveys of land in Washington county: Sept. 1, 1781= 400 acres on Beaver Creek (Actually settled 1773). June 5, 1782= 395 acres on Beaver Creek. June 7, 1782= 130 acres on Steele Creek. October 19, 1782= 225 acres on Catrin’s Fork. 1782 Washington County Poll tax; Cornelius Carmack
Children of Cornelius Carmack and Margery Jane Evans are:
Cornelius Carmack, b. January 1, 1759 in Frederick MD and died July 28, 1848 in Overton TN; m. Lettice Barbara Fite. They had Lettice b 1798; Cornelius, Isaac, James, Joseph, Esther, all born between 1786 and 1815, John Wesley b. November 15, 1803.
Jesse Carmack, b 1769 in Frederick Co. MD, and d. 1834 in Overton Co. TN. m. Anne Black, b September 4, 1793 in 1815. They had: Jesse Ann b. 1815, James b. September 1816, John b. November 1818, Cornelius b. 1822, Elizabeth b. 1824, Susan b. 1827, Margery 1829, William b. 1833, Joseph b. 1835.
Joseph Carmack, b. April 11,1763 in Frederick Co., MD; d. November 1798 in Robertson Co., TN.; m. Mary McMillan in Washington, Va in 1790 They moved to Robertson, TN about 1794.
“As per “two 1826 letters by Cornelius Carmack” provided by Mrs. Agnes Jones, “Your grandfather, Joseph Carmack was brought up in Virginia, was educated and married there, whence he removed to West Tennessee, lived one year in Sumner County and finally settled himself in Robertson County, three miles southeast of Springfield. He was a man of weakly constitution, subject to rheumatic pains which were increased do doubt by unavoidable exposure in settling in the wilderness, whence the hostile Indians were not yet exterminated. He was a man of moral habits, and I am informed, beloved at home and respected abroad, by occupation of a farmer and a surveyor, he departed this life sometime after the falloff 1798, a few days after the death of his oldest son, Francis McMillan Carmack, who died at the age of seven years. Thus was your grandmother left a widow with three small boys, the oldest of whom was not quite five years old, and the youngest about three months”.
Their children are:
Francis McMillan Carmack, b 1791
John Carmack, b January 1794. Cornelius Carmack, b. November 1, 1795. Joseph Jr. Carmack, b October 25, 1798 William Carmack, B. January 8, 1761 in Frederick Co. MD; d, September 24, 1851 in Lee Co., VA. m. Mary Catherine Hartsock about 1784 in Lee Co., VA
Census records: Pensioners census of 1840, Lee County, Virginia; William Carmack (head of household)
1840 NTL, Lee County Va., shows William Carmack age 77 blind.
1850 District 31, Lee County Va: Levi Carmack 59, Elizabeth 59 can not read/write, Elizabeth A 21 can not read/write, Evan 19 attends school, Martin 16 attends school, Enoch 14 attends school, Jacob 8 months, Sarah Gray 36, William Carmack 90 can not read or write-blind.
Deed book A, page 100; Washington County VA.
Carmack to Graig transfer.
I, William Carmack, who is intermarried with Elizabeth Walker one of the heirs of William Walker dec’d do hereby transfer and assign to James Craig all my right title claim interest and demand in and to a preemption warrant No. 2660, together with the entry thereon which is in the words and figures following, to wit, “September 4th 1786 William Walker by Preemption warrant enters one thousand acres of land in Washington County lying on both sides of the Laurel Fork of the North fork of Holstein River joining the settlement, and running up the creek to join Piney Mountain and the flat Mountain for quantity”. And I also transfer and assign all my right title claim interest and demand in and to a survey of the said William Walker for one hundred and eight acres now in the Registers office and Caveated by Robert Preston, lying and being in the said county of Washington, to James Graig for value received by John and William Walker without any recourse on me should the said claim fail. Witness my hand and seal this 3 rd day of October 1796. The words “by John and William Walker’ INTERLINED BEFORE SIGNING.
WILLIAM Carmack (seal)
Math. Willoughby, D. Craig
At a District court held in Washington Courthouse the 4th of May 1797. This assignment was proved by oaths of Matthew Willoughby and David Craig, witnesses thereto and ordered to be recorded.
Teste C. Watkins C.D.C.
Deed Book 3, Page 456
On September 16, 1819 Jesse Richardson and Sally his wife of Lee county VA. George Ball, Elizabeth Lock’s children, late Elizabeth Ball, John
Ball, Peggy Ball. Susannah Susong, late Susannah Ball, Keiziah Gray, late Keziah Ball, Jesse Ball, Polly Smith, late Polly Ball, William Ball, Robert Ball and Patsy Ball, children of the said Polly Carmack by her late husband J. ball conveyed for $1,000…Jesse Ball sold his interest for $380.
Deed Book 6, Page 138---11 April 1821
William and Polly Carmack his wife of Washington County, Va conveyed to Moses Ball, Jr. part of the tract of land reserved by the said Polly Carmack, late widow of John Ball as her dower…known as the widow Ball’s Dower tract, lying on the North side of the main road on which the house stands except so much as has been conveyed to William H. Yeary by agreement, February 1810.
William Carmack (seal)
Polly (X) Carmack (seal)
“In 1832 at the age of seventy-one he applied for pension in Jonesville, Lee, County VA. The Bible sheet referred to above shows his birth date as 5 January 1761, the same date he gave in his application for pension on 15 October 1832. William had enlisted in January 1779 under Colonel Evan Shelby. He told of marching against the Chickamauga Indian towns “destroying the corn in the neighborhood, the Indians having fled and after destroying the towns” going on to a French town on the Kaskaskai River, He later joined the regiment commanded by Colonel George Rogers Clarke and went on to Vincennes and from there to the iron banks of the Mississippi river six miles below the mouth of the Ohio river. There he was discharged 10 July 1780 and “returned from there through the wilderness to residence in Washington County VA. His pension was approved and received until his death 24 September 1851.
“Pension No. S9139.
Thomas Brooks of Hawkins County, Tennessee appeared as a witness before a justice of the peace…. made oath that he had been acquainted with William Carmack since before 1779 and further stated that the said William Carmack enlisted with himself in Captain Shelby’s Company in the month of January 1779….
Col. Peter Fulkerson, a respectable witness, aged 68 yeas, was produced in court by William Carmack…he stated that he had known William Carmack before the Revolutionary Was, resided in the same neighborhood when the war took place…. John Fulkerson a respectable witness, aged 58 years…deposed that he had been acquainted with said William Carmack ever sine he can remember any person until the present time…”
Lee County, VA will book 2, page 81
Will of real and personal estate:
In the name of God, Amen, I William Carmack of the county of lee and state of Va being old and growing weak in body but of sound mind and disposing memory for which I thank God and calling to mind the uncertainty of human life and being desirous to dispose of all such worldly estate as it hath pleased God to bless me with I give and bequeath the same in manner following (that is to say) first I desire that as much of my perishable part of my estate be immediately sold after my decease and out of the monies arising there from my just debts and funeral expenses be paid2nsly after the payments of my just debts and funeral expenses I give the same to my children herein mentioned equally divided among them: Kisiah Hartsock, Benjamin Smith, Allen Carmack, Evan Carmack, and Levi Carmack all the rest of my estate both real and personal of what nature or kind so ever it may be not herein before particularly disposed of I devise may be equal divided among my several children herein before named which I give to them their heirs executors administrators and assigns forever.
And lastly I do hereby constitute and appoint my friend Levi Carmack my executor of this my last will and testament hereby revoking all other or former wills or testaments by name heretofore made in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this 2nd day of January 1847.
William (X) Carmack (seal)
Signed in presence of us
Green V Walland
Thomas J Pridemore
At a court begun and held for Lee County the 15th day of December 1851: The last will and testament of William Carmack, deceased, was proved by the oaths of Thomas J. Pridemore and Richard Crabtree witnesses thereto and is ordered to be recorded and on the motion of Levi Carmack the executor herein named who made oath thereto and together with William T. martin his security, entered into and acknowledged a bond in the penalty of $500 conditioned as the law directs, certificate is granted him for obtaining a probate of the said will in due form.
According to a deed made in June 1846, William Carmack was living in Lee County on land he had purchased from John Ball heirs, and it seems unlikely that he moved back to Washington County, however, it is claimed that he died September 24, 1851 in Washington County, near Bristol.
Children of William Carmack are:
Kesiah Hartsock Carmack, b. December 14, 1789 in Lee Co., VA.
Levi Carmack, b. December 9, 1791 in Lee Co., VA.
Allen Carmack, b. December 3, 1793 in Lee Co., VA; d. 1870
Evan Carmack, b. 1796 in Lee Co., VA.
John Carmack, b. 1773 in Frederick Co. MD and died after 1828, He married Mary Dougherty on January 31, 1789 in Craven Co. NC. (He lived in Bledsoe TN) They had Martha ????1816, Jesse Ann 1797, Lewis March 16, 1806, William, and Sarah.
Susan (Susannah) Carmack, b. August 1777; d 1860; m. Henry Livingston, b. March 1, 1764 in 1793 in VA.
From Bossong: Susan Carmack captured by Indians-story found in Livingston TN library. Susan Carmack was born August 1777 in Frederick Co. Md. A daughter of Cornelius Carmack and Jane Evans Carmack (?) wrong? The pioneer settler of Overton county TN married Henry Livingston. After her marriage Susan Livingston had a trying experience of being captured by the Indians, Albert R. Hogue, historian of Jamestown, in his book “One Hundred Years in the Cumberland Mountains,” published in 1933, says of Susan Livingston: The last Indian raid on the Holston settlers, is said to have occurred in May 1744. A tribe of Indians led by John Benge, a creek half breed Shawnee warrior, made a raid and killed and scalped a number of white people and one negro girl. Among the killed was Sally, a daughter of Peter Livingston, one white and one Negro child were scalped but did not die. Elizabeth, another child of Peter Livingston and Susan Livingston, a daughter-in-law, were captured by the Indians and carried away to the Ohio River and held as prisoners for several months. Susan escaped from the Indians and made her way home, or as the story goes, she reached the top of a mountain in sight of her home and fell exhausted. She was found a few hours later, almost dead, and was carried home and finally recovered. John Benge is said to have had a trail across Cumberland Mountain.
Children of Susan Carmack and Livingston are:
Mary Livingston, b. March 13, 1794.
Catherine Livingston, b. September 10, 1796. Sarah Livingston, b. February 21, 1798. Thomas Livingston, b. January 31, 1802 Peter Livingston, b. August 13, 1805. Nancy Livingston, b. February 19, 1808. James Livingston, b. 1810.
(Something wrong with this story as raid happened before this Susan was born).
Sarah Carmack, b. August 1767 in Frederick Co. MD; d. October 1, 1792 in Washington Co. TN.; m. Hugh McGhee. (Married a man by the name of McGhee who left her before her only child was born. Records only show a daughter).
Margery Carmack, b. 1771 in Va; d. 1860; m. John Grimes, b. January 2, 1775
Children of Cornelius Carmack and Margery Evans are: