|i.||John Newsom, born April 23, 1783; died Unknown.|
More About John Newsom:|
Delinquent Tax List: 1830, Callaway County, Missouri236
|ii.||Lewis Newsom, born October 28, 1785 in Lewisburgh, Greenbriar County, Virginia237; died March 17, 1876 in Gallipolis, Scioto County, Ohio237; married Gabrielle Menager January 03, 1810; born June 09, 1792; died June 30, 1868.|
Notes for Lewis Newsom:|
From "A History of Scioto County, Ohio, Vol. 2" by Nelson W. Evans, A.M., pages 1270-1271
"General Lewis Newsom was born October 28, 1785, in Lewisburgh, Greenbrier County, Virginia. His father's name was William Newsom, who died December 27, 1812 at the age of fifty-two years. His mother was Margaret (Speece) Newsom, who died September 8, 1833, at the age of sixty-eight years. From 1803 to 1807, he served as an apprentice to the tanner's trade, in Lewisburgh, Va. On June 17, 1807, he located in Gallipolis, Ohio, and started on $500 capital, which he had borrowed from his master, James Withrow. He bought lots at the lower end of Second street, in Gallipolis and built a tannery. He married Gabrielle Menager on January 3, 1810. She was born June 9, 1972, the daughter of Claudius R. Menager and Mary Bobine, his wife. There is a picture of his wife's mother, Mary Bobine Menager in this work. She died June 30, 1868, and her father died January 17,1835 and her mother died December 10, 1854, at the age of fifty-two. His children were: Junius Lewis, b. December 23, 1810, m. Elizabeth M. Gibbs, July 3, 1833, d. April 2, 1886; Mary b. June 29, 18143, m. Darius Maxon, March 10, 1831, d. May 1, 1886. She was the mother of Mrs. W.H. Nash, widow of Gen, William H. Nash; Rosina, b. December 1, 1815, m. Augustus LeClercq, November 3, 1831, d. December 18, 1876, in Jacksonville, Florida. She was the mother of Mrs. H.N. Ford of Gallipolis; James Withrow, b. March 5, 1820, m. Margaret Johnson, November 12, 1844, d. August 6, 1852; Caroline, b. December 11, 1823, m. W. C. Miller, August 15, 1844, d. February 23, 1881;Claudius Romaine, B. February 10, 1838, m. Augustus Hale, December 2, 1845, d. June 20, 1849.
Gen. Newsom lacked the advantages of an early education but he appreciated the opportunities about him more than most of his fellow citizens. He was closely identified with all enterprises for the good of the town of Gallipolis. He was one of the promoters of the Gallipolis Academy and a trustee from the time it was organized until his death. He occupied the office of Justice of the Peace many years. He was a man of most excellent judgment. Gen. Lafayette visited Gallipolis in 1825 and he was the principal one of the reception committee and escorted LaFayette about the village of Gallipolis. He owes his title to the State Militia in which organization he took a great interest. He was noted for his abstinence from the use of tobacco and liquors in any form. In hi political affiliations, he was first a Whig and then a republican. In his religious views he was inclined to the doctrine of the Presbyterian church. While not a member, he attended its services every Sunday. He died March 17, 1876, in his eighty-sixth year, and his death at that advanced aged was a great loss to the community in which he dwelt."
More About Lewis Newsom:|
Occupation: Bet. 1803 - 1807, Apprentice Tanner
|iii.||William Newsom, born December 20, 1787; died Unknown.|
Notes for William Newsom:|
Missouri Genealogical Records & Abstracts Vol. 1, Page 76-86 by Sherida K. Eddlemon lists William Newsom as receivingMilitary Bounty Land for the War of 1812 in Missouri.
|iv.||Robert Newsom, born October 06, 1789 in Campbell County, Virginia; died June 23, 1855 in Fulton, Callaway County, Missouri; married Elizabeth "Betsy" Gwinn April 20, 1812 in Greenbrier County, Virginia; born February 22, 1791 in Greenbrier County, VA; died July 03, 1849 in Fulton, Callaway County, Missouri.|
Notes for Robert Newsom:|
In the 1850 census Robert's niece Sarah "Sallie" Boggs is living with the family and there is a John Newsom, age 5, who's identity is unknown.
Sometime in 1850, Robert went to Audrain County and purchased a 14 year old slave named Celia. He supposedly raped her for the first time on the way back to Callaway County. He did build a small cabin for her and had 2 children by her during the next 5 years. In 1855 Celia began a relationship with another slave belonging to Robert named George. George told Celia he wanted her to stop her relations with Robert. One night Robert came to her cabin and she refused him, when he pressed she hit him over the head with a piece of firewood and killed him. She then placed the body in the fireplace and burned it over the course of the night. In the morning there were several large bones left which she buried under the hearth. She then had one of Robert's grandsons remove the ashes from the fireplace and scatter them along the path. She later confessed to the crime and was convicted of murder. There was a faction in Callaway County who believed she was defending herself and helped her to escape and hid her till after her execution date in order to appeal the case. The decesion was not overturned and she was eventually executed. During her time in prison she gave birth to a third child who was stillborn according to official records. There is another story that the child was sold for $50.
See "Celia, A Slave" by Melton A. McLaurin.
Modified Register for Celia A Slave from Kathy Hughes December 2002.
1. Celia A Slave was born about 1836. She died about 1855 in Fulton, Calloway, Missouri.
Mississippi State University Threaded list archives: Posted 10 Oct 1999 by MSJHYDE@aol.com. Hello,
Years back I read an article about Celia. the name of the article is Family Keeps Story of Slave
Descendant Alive. Marian Jones is the great-great-great grandmother [sic] of Celia, a young slave
woman who became a legend in MO in the pre-Civil War era. Celia lived from 1836 to Dec. 1855. She
was hanged at the age of 19, following a sensational trial for the murder of her slave master, Robert
Newsom. Newsom, at age 70, bought Celia away from her family in Audrain County, MO., when she was
14 and took her to Futon, MO. There he repeatedly raped her for years.
Celia was in love with a slave named, George, and became tired of being abused by Newsom. One night,
June 23, 1855, a sick and pregnant Celia decided she had enough. When Newsom came to rape her,
she made good on a threat to hurt him and struck him twice in the head with a stick. She then burned the
body in her cabin's fireplace.
Since she was considered property, Newsom's sexual attacks were not considered a crime under the law
and therefore, Celia had to right to defend herself. For that she was tried for murder, found guilty and
hanged. As a result of the rapes, Celia bore Newsom two children and was pregnant with a third child at
the time she killed him. That child, Jessie was born in jail two months before the trial--though listed in
county records as stillborn--and was sold to the Broadwater a white family, for $50.00. That family later
moved to St. Louis where Jennie grew up and later became free. Jennie married a man named George
Lewis. together they had 19 children, of whom at least three were girls--Clara, Julia, and Virginia. It was
through Virginia Lewis that Marian Jones was born. Married to a man named Strickland, they had a son,
Carmen, who would also father a child named Virginia who would become Marian Jones' mother. The
fate of Jennie's two sisters is unknown. In December, the story of Celia was highlighted by the Missouri
Historical Society, Lawyer Margaret Bush Wilson and St. Louis black Reperatory Co. Artist Solomon
Turman unveiled a rendering of Celia. Jones and her husband, Warren have two daughters. Jones
gathered around together talking about a magazine article in the May, 1964 edition of the Negro Digest.
It featured the story of Celia, the Slave Woman. A drawing of what Celia might have looked like was
included with the article. While her white cousins, the Newsoms, still live in Callaway County, they
appear to want to distance themselves from the story of Celia. But not (for) Jones, Celia's fight for
freedom is something to remember and honor, helping African Americans even today. In the 1930s,
relatives found the very tree she was hanged from and in June 1934 the tree was still there.
If it could be found today, she, Jones, would want to erect a monument to Celia for the courage she
showed. In fact, whites in the area were torn between what to do with Celia after she killed Newsom,
because so many liked her. Some even broke her out of jail and appealed to the state Supreme Court for
her freedom. However she was hanged before the case was heard, probably, because it meant more to
kill her as an example to other slaves and to discourage slave rebellion. A book called "The Case of
Celia, the Slave" has been written by Hugh P. Williamson.
Article written by Ishmael Lateef Ahmad, St. Louis American. Vol. 67 No. 51 Feb. 29-March 6, 1996.
Let the truth be known. MsJHyde.
Celia was not married to Robert Newsom son of William Newsom and Margaret Speece. Robert was born on 6 Oct 1789 in Campbell, Virginia. He died on 23 Jun 1855 in Callaway, MO. He was buried in Newsom Cem, Fulton, Callaway, MO.
Sandra Lee Thompson Greenawalt email@example.com. May 21, 1999.
Robert was murdered by his slave, Celia. there is a book about it. Annie Norman can tell you about it.
She descends from Robert Newsom.
Amazon.com. Reviews. "Celia, a Slave: A True Story". by Melton A. McLaurin. Mass Market Paperback -
(February 1999) 178 pages. From Kirkus Reviews, September 15, 1991. Both a well-told historical
narrative about a slave girl sexually exploited by her master, who she later kills, and a thoughtful
examination of the moral tensions that strained the fabric of the antebellum South. McLaurin teaches
history at the Univ. of North Carolina. At the age of 14, Celia was purchased by aging and prosperous
widower John <error> Newsom. On their was back to his Missouri farm, Newsom raped his new "
possession" and from then on treated her as his concubine, impregnating her at least three times. Celia
endured her master's attentions for years, until she became involved with a fellow slave named George
and demanded that Newsom stop. He refused and Celia struck him with a club. the blow proved fatal
and a terrified Celia desposed of his body in her fireplace, a crime that was quickly discoverd and brought
to trial. McLaurin relates Celia's story in vivid prose, using her trial to bring in the larger issues
confronting both the South and the North in the 1850's. He writes not only of the slavery question, but
also of legal issues ("Antebellum southerners viewed their slaves as both chattels and perosns, a
paradox reflected in the legal systems...") and of the role of women--black and white--in a white male
society ("One of the essential legal differences between slave and free women was that free women were
protected from sexual assault by law"). McLaurin's chronicle is tightly focused, with no great--but many
small--illuminations, and his style is succinct and meticulous throughout. A straightforward and
compelling account of one small historical incident that helps to illustrate the complex issues facing pre-
Civil War America. -- Copyright 1991, Kirkus Associates, LP. All rights reserved. -- This text referrs to
the hardcover edition of this title. * BOOK DESCRIPTION. Celia was an ordinary slave -- until she struck
back at her abusive master and became the defendant in a landmark trial that threatened to undermine
the very foundations of the South's "Peculiar Institution". * SYNOPSIS. A true story, based on court
records, correspondences, and newspaper accounts past and present, this stunning historical
achievement brilliantly illuminates an extraordinary event in the long, dark history of slavery in America.
In 1850, 14-year-old Celia became the property of Robert Newsome, a prosperous and respected
Missouri farmer. For the next five years she was cruelly and repeatedlymolested by her abusive master.
but in 1855, driven to the limits of her endurance, Celia fought back. And at the tender age of 18, the
frightened young black woman found herself on trial for Newsome's murder--the defendant in a landmark
courtroom battle that threatened to undermine the very foundations of the South's most cherished
institution. * SYNOPSIS. Celia was only 14 when she was purchased by John <error> Newsom. On the
journey back to his farm, Newsom raped the young girl, beginning a horrifying pattern of sexual abuse
that would last for years. finally she confronted him, struck him fatally with a club, was brought to trial and
eventually hanged. An important addition to our understanding of the pre-Civil War era. -- This text refers
to the paperback edition of this title. THIS BOOK IN POSSESSION OF EILEEN HUGHES SIMPSON.
E-mail from Sandra Lee Thompson Greenawalt <firstname.lastname@example.org> May 22, 1999. Kathy, the slave
owner was Robert Newsom. I have the book and while it is based on the court records, the author did
very little genealogy research and did not report the family history correctly. There are discrepancies and
inaccuracies. Annie can tell you about them more than I can. Robert is her ancestor, while Conrad is
mine. The fascinating part is that Celia murdered him "alone" and disposed of him "alone". A feat I find
remarkable considering his size and her stature. * A great grandson of Robert was the navigator on the
second Atomic Bomb plane over Nagasaki. the history of that time is very interesting. Annie has copies
of the newspapers for the 30 year anniversary; she wil share if you are interested.
Annie's Sources: David Newsom Journal; Circuit Court of Callaway Co., Mo., File #4496 - Plaintiff, the
State of Missouri; Defendant, Celia; The Weekly Missouri Statesman (A Boone County Paper), Friday,
July 6, 1855, as copied from the Fulton Telegraph, of 29th June 1955.) He married, in Greenbrier Co.,
VA, 30 Apr 1812, Elizabeth Gwinn, born 22 Feb 1791, Greenbrier Co., VA and died 3 Jul 1849, Callaway
Co. MO. (Sources: David Newsom Journal; Gravestone, Newsom Cemetery, Callaway Co., MO; David
Newsom Bible; Mar. Rec., Greenbrier Co., VA)
1830 Census, Calloway County, Missouri, page 61 (image 11).
Robert Newsom. Males under 5: 1. Males 15-20: 1. Males 40-50: 1. Females 5-10: 3. Females 10-15:
2. Females 15-20: 1. Females 30-40: 1.
1850 Census Callaway Co., Missouri 12th District 3 aug 1850 page 197.
33/33 Robert Newsom 60 M Farmer 3440 VA.
Harvey Newsom 37 M VA.
Mary Newsom 14 F MO.
Virginia WAYNESCOT 31 F VA.
James C. WAYNESCOT 6 M MO.
Thomas D. WAYNESCOT 4 M MO.
Amelia E. WAYNESCOT 2 F MO.
John Newsom 5 M MO.
Sarah BOGGS 18 F MO.
David Newsom 17 M MO.
Annie Norman: Robert Newsom and family moved from Greenbrier Co., VA to Callaway Co., MO, in 1820.
At his death, at the hand of his slave, Celia, he owned 589 1/3 acres of land, 1 negro man, George,
appraised at $900.00; 1 Negro girl, 3 yrs old, name Vine, appraised $150.00; 1 Negro girl, 1 1/2 years old,
Jane, appraised at $150.00; 1 Negro woman, Celia, not appraised. (Source: Probate Court records,
Callaway Co., MO Bix 141, Bundle 16).
Sarah to Newsom Mailing List, June 20, 2000. A paper entitled Newsom FAMILY from 1722 to 1848,
so I am fairly sure that it was written by someone in the year 1848. "History and Genealogy of the
Newsom family from the birth of John Newsom in England in the year of 1722." This is the Lewis
Newsom Family Sketch noted by Annie Norman. Robert, the 4th son, continued with his father until he
attained the years of manhood; he also took a wife, whose name was Corrinn by whom he had a large
family of sons and daughters. On quiting Virginia, he removed to Calloway County in Missouri,
purchased an extensive land property, on which he located and which has undergone durable
improvements, highly creditable to himself for industry and providence for the future. [NOTE: Don't know
who Corrinn is!]
Robert and Celia had the following children:
2 F i. Vine .
3 F ii. Jane .
4 F iii. Jennie Broadwater .
Della Fogle to Newsom GenForum, 5 Jan 2001. I found the third child of Celia's, her
name is Jennie Broadwater she was sold for fifty dollars, right after her birth while Celia
was still in jail.
Ancestry.com: St. Louis, Missouri Marriages, 1804-76. Broadwater, Jennie & Lewis,
George. 23 Aug 1870. Vol 14, page 419.
Newsom Genforum. Posted by: Della Fogle
Date: June 08, 2002
In Reply to: Re: Newsom Family of fulton mo callaway by Robert M SHORES
Hi Robert_What I can tell you is that we are related to a Marion jones_who lives in st.
louis, and yes she is africian american, she is a descendant of Jennie Broadwater
whom is Celia's last child born, she was sold to the Broadwater Family in 1855 just
before Celia was hanged._I too am in search of the african-american side of our family.
Jennie married George Lewis on 23 Aug 1870 in St. Louis, Missouri.
More About Robert Newsom:|
Burial: Unknown, Newsom Cemetery, Fulton, Callaway County, Missouri
Census: 1850, 12th District, Callaway County, Missouri (CEN79)
Tax List: 1823, Callaway County, Missouri238
More About Elizabeth "Betsy" Gwinn:|
Burial: Unknown, Newsom Cemetery, Fulton, Callaway County, Missouri
|v.||Nathan Newsom, born July 25, 1791; died Unknown.|
|vi.||Mary Newsom, born July 14, 1794; died Unknown.|
|63||vii.||Elizabeth Newsom, born September 27, 1796 in Greenbrier County, Virginia; died 1861 in Omaha, Putnam County, Missouri; married Lawrence Boggs Bet. 1815 - 1817 in Monroe County, West Virginia.|
|viii.||Susanna Newsom, born July 04, 1798; died Unknown.|
|ix.||Conrad Newsom, born July 24, 1801; died Unknown.|
|x.||Sarah Sally Newsom, born January 17, 1804; died Unknown.|
|xi.||David Newsom, born February 28, 1808; died January 18, 1882; married Mary (Polly) Houston July 12, 1827 in Meigs County, Ohio239; died Unknown.|
Notes for David Newsom:|
From "David Newsom: The Western Observer 1805-1882" this is from the introduction by Earl Newsom 1971:
"David Newsom, the youngest of the 11 children of William and Margaret Speece Newsom, was born December 1805, on his father's 606-acre farm on Lick Creek in the valley of the Greenbrier River, about ten miles northwest of the present White Sulphur Spring, West Virginia..............
The day before David's seventh birthday, his father died at the comparatively young age of 52. During the last several years of his life a tragedy had worked itself out in the Newsom family that became important in establishing the character of his younges son.
See William Newsom notes.
The name Newsom and 51 is carved in Independence Rock according to the book "Independence Rock: The Great Record of the Desert" by robert Spurrer Ellison 1930 Natrona County Historical Society.
Notes for Mary (Polly) Houston:|
From "David Newsom: The Western Observer 1803-1882" Oregon Historical Society Pages 209-210
"Obituary" Pacific Christian Advocate, February 28, 1878, p. 8 col. 2
Died on Howell Prairie, Marion County, Oregon, Dec. 29, 1866, Polly Newsome, in the 69th year of her age.
Sister Newsome was born in Augusta county, Va., Oct. 19, 1809; married to her now bereaved and aged husband, David Newsome, August 30, 1826. In early life she was converted and joined the M.E. Church, and was faithful and much beloved communicant till the day of her death. In the fall of 1828 she moved with her husband to Sangamon county, Ill., where she lived and labored faithfully for the Church for twenty-two years. Many of the old ministers of the Illinois Conference still remember her kindness, and some of the Oregon Conference, also, the writer among them. IN 1851 she came with her family to Oregon, and on the 29th of October of that year, settled twelve miles northeast from Salem. Soon after this her house became a place of preaching by Father (A. F.) Waller. On the 26th of May, 1875, the body of her son Harvey Milton was found, who, as was supposed, had committed suicide by taking strychnine. The nervous shock was so severe that her health failed, and gradually sinking, life's labor ceased. For two weeks she prayed and exhorted her children and neighbors, assuring them of her strong consolation in God, when her mind gave way, in which state she remained till she exchanged the labors of earth for the rest of Heaven.
Brownsville, Feb. 19, 1878.
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