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View Tree for John HawsJohn Haws (b. 1690)

John Haws (son of John HAWS)21 was born 1690 in Highlands, Scotland21. He married Mrs John HAWS on 1717 in Highlands, Scotland21.

 Includes NotesNotes for John Haws:

Married in 1717...don't know who to.

An aritcle found in the paper of Chloe Haws (Hawes) Lunt received from Captain G. W. Hawse last chief in the 17th century who died just after the commencement of the 18th century, as the first chief in the 18th century of this small Highland clan in the Highlands to the north of the Clyde, the clan territory being over beyond the Trossacks and among the greater clans such as Campbell and MacDonald (Glengarry), the clan MacTavish being the nearest of the greater clans. His wife died when he as a elderly man of some 50 years or more, his two sons being grown up with children of their own and his only daughter kept house for him she shortly after also married, and finding he was unable the centuries old turreted mansion, which had one "pepper-pot: turret at a front corner, as a bachelor establishment after all these years of married life, he married again, a young lady of a near-by family of gentle folk with whom the Haws were acquainted, who, however, was younger than his grown up sons who did not take kindly to having a step-mother younger than they were and so they never became intimate friends with the ChiefAWS", the child of his old age, the same as the one in the Bible, son of Abraham and Sarah. In due course this Chief, JOHN HAWS, died and is remembered in the history of the Haws Clan, local tradition, and the stories attached to the old mansion, the biggest in the District, by his defense of his home, territory and Clan against raids by ROB BOR McGREGOR from the time of the Battle of Sheriffmuir in 1715, where ROB ROY fought with his band, commanding 80 men, with the Stewart forces becoming an outlawed rebel, so the time of the death of this famous cateran who had declared war on the Haws for their refusal to pay him "Blackmail", or "Protection money", and his widow and her young son were forced to vacate thecenturies old ancestral residence of the Chief when the eldest son, the new Chief and his family moved in, and took up residence some distance away in a house of her own, where she and her son rarely visited, or were visited by her step-children, though there no estrangement, she and her son being more intimate with her own relatives. In due course BENJAMIN HAWS approached his 21st birthday when he was due to receive his inheritance left him by his late father, the Chief, and having become engaged to a young lady, the daughter of a gentlemen of the clan CAMERON, who had bought a small estate in the part of the country which was far outside the territorial area of the Clan Cameron, for land was getting scarce in the Highlands at this time at which they were becoming overcrowded which lead to the great Highland emigration to North America as recorded in history, and so gentlemen had to go further afield to seek a suitable small property, he looked round for a suitable small property for the son for a Chief which he could purchase and of which he could become Laird, and having found one some distance away from the District in which the Haws lived, of which they were Kingfrom the time King James IV instituted them early in the 16th century, not hereditary but by successive appointments of each successive HAWS Chief on the death of his predecessor, and of which they were the dart District tartans, similar inappearance to that of the 42nd Royal Highland Regiment, the Black Watch, in common with all the other clans of the District so that the Haws Clan found no need to adopt one of their own, he, having reached his 21st birthday purchased it, and prepared it for his residence, his betrothed often accompanying him on his visits when he inspected the work being done on it and the estate, and joining him in renovating and preparing it, recommending suitable alterations. This was completed by the end of 1739 and the house was ready for them to move into when he and JEANNE (as I recollect the name) CAMERON were married on New Years Day 1740, and moved into their new home, having chosen to start the New Year and their married life together, and in October or November of that Year 1740, they had a son, baptized BENJAMIN HAWS as his father was, but in the same Parish Church were they had been married which Parish was that in which lay their new home and notthat used by the HAWS Chiefs where are recorded generation after generation in the Parish Register from their start in 1560 in the region of Queen Mary, and two years a later a daughter was born to them and baptized there but whose name I forget. Meanwhile events were leading up to the Stuart Rising of 1745, in which the old friends of the Haws, the Clan MacDonald, who were neared to his new estate and whom he visited more frequently then his half-brothers and the Haws, as well as his wifeof Allegiance the Haws had taken to King William II of Orange on the plight of King James II, (VII of Scotland), young BENJAMIN HAWS did so and joined them so they marched past on the main road near his place, having been warned to be ready, his plans to do so having been made in secret without the knowledge of his brother or the Haws clan. He was commissioned by Prince Charles Edward Stewart, as a captain, seemingly his commission being similar to that of Captain Aeness McPherson of Flichity in the McPherson regiment, a Photostat copy of which is in the collection of the American Institute of Genealogy in Chicago, and appears to have risen to Major during service in the 3 campaigns the Prince conducted, the 1st in Scotland in 1745 which was successful as after the defeat of the Kingd at Preston Pans in their attempt to recapture Edinburgh, which left him in completed command in Scotland. The 2nd was the campaign into England which proved unsuccessful as the expected rising of the English supporters of the Stuarts whowere very strong in Lancashire, so that only the Manchester was a regiment raided, 330 strong, known as the Princeng the Manchester Regiment to garrison Carlile castle which was captured after a siege by the Duke of Cumberlandin 1757, which ended in the total defeat of the Highland Army at Culloden by the Duke and the end of the Stuart Cause. He appears to have been in the same regiment as Sir JOHN WEDDERBURN, Baronet, and during these campaigns he became a close friend of BENJAMIN HAWS, and his letters to his wife, who was an ardent Jacobite and recruiting agent for the Princeof Breadelbane, who pointed out the Rising would fail and she and her family would lose their estate, to which she replied that on the contrary the Prince would win, as he was then doing, and she and the Earl of Breadalbane would lose their titles and estates which would be conferred on her and her husband, which was worrying to them at this time of the Princes successes, and Mistress JEANNE (or Jean) HAWS was a serious trouble, through known and admired by everybody round that part of the country, for her staunch and vigorous and courageous support of the Stuart Cause, contained many references to SIR JOHN and their close friendship. After the battle of Culloden he was never heard of again and as he was lastseen fighting valorously in the a second of the 3 lines in which the Duke had drawn up the Kingwas fierce fighting, he was held to have either perished in the battle or have been killed in pursuit of the broken and fleeing Highlanders by the Kingctotum on his estate, who came with his wife from her parental estate on their marriage, who had accompanied him throughout, who had escaped after the battle but had been captured when hiding among his own people and not near the home of these HAWS where he as employed and was imprisoned in Carlile Castle with other captured Highlanders and was one of those condemned to death who were removed to York Castle and hanged there, who gave the same reply that he had not seen him since the battle. His wife endeavored to carry on the place but she was lost without her husband and with no man to help her, she found it beyond her power to do so for while they had been away in the previous year 1745, it had not received the proper attention they gave to it and which it needed and so it had been set back so that she could not manage it all and farm it properly and so she found it too much for her and so, she said she would have to give it up and that she would go to Edinburgh with the children and earn her living by dressmaking at which she was very skillful, but she had great difficulty in disposing of the place as it was the property of a known rebel with a large reward for his capture offered by the Earl of Breadelbane and his wife who were not satisfied with his death being certain, but a length she had the offer of a small sun for it, far below its value, on condition the money was returned if it was confiscated and after some difficulty a friend of herself and her husband undertook to be surity for this and be personally responsible for the return of the money if it was confiscated as she was leaving the district but this he was never called upon to do as nothing further was ever heard of her husband who thus was not arrested and tried and condemned to be hung and pending this the authorities took no action as regards to the estate. She and her children left for Edinburgh with such scanty supply of money as she could get together and went to stay with her motherthe time between Queen Victorias in Princein this way, and besides this the Breadalbanes who had a town house there, and their friends, worked with the authorities against her and the Jeweler as he was sheltering a known rebel, so she decided to try London and after much difficulty, being many times arraigned before the authorities and questioned about her husband and at times being allowed to get as far as actually sitting in the coach even being on occasion physically pulled out in the roughest way by the Bow Street Runners sent up from London to replace the Town Guard who were suspect, the Lord Provost, Stewart by name was arrested and committed to the Tolbooth prison for surrendering the City, his name being suspect, she left for London in this stage coach from the White Horse Inn, still in perfect preservation at the time of World War II, in the White Horse Close, as it is now called, off the High Street but no longer an Inn since the railways replaced the stage coaches, an advertisement for which Edinburgh to London coaches, dated 1754, can be seen on the label of the White Horse whiskey bottles, which originated at the Inn at this date, and even today in Scotland people have their own special blends produced as foran example the 7th (Leith) Bn The Royal Scots Regt, where I served in it in World War I had "The Seventhw Street Runners, who met the coach to search for suspects, identified her and the children and that was the last heard of her by us as shortly after she disappeared and was never heard of again and we presumed she had found it impossible to make a living there and had gone to America like others of the HAWS before her. This was all the information Grandfather R. C. Haws, Chief at that time, could give a bearded Mormon Elder, in Liverpool to arrange a campaign mission to collect further members to the Mormon Church and State of Utah, who had arrived in North Carolina from Wales in 1760, saying this was the only Benjamin among the Haws names in all the centuries, and that his son, after his death, continued it,but was very definitely able to state that he knew of no BENJAMIN HAWS in Wales and as none of the HAWS clan had ever crossed into England, and so to Wales, he could not belong to our Highland Clan, and a stalemate ensued and somebody proposed that perhaps it was the same person, he having reached there at sometime after his mother and the children disappeared from our knowledge in London, and this proved to be so. The story being discussed in general of the visit of the Mormons and their search it reached the ears of some people of substantial position and long residence on the Merseyside and South Lancashire, and they made a visit to us, and began by asking Grandfather R. C. HAWS if it was true he the HAWS Chief and he having confirmed this said they could clarify the matter and show the BENJAMIN HAWS who went up North Carolina from Wales was the same as the child of the HAWS clan records for their families these visitors being 3 or 4 white haired gentlemen, had been Stuart supporters but had been unable to join the Prince (asson?) 1715, owing to the repressive action of the Hanoverians but after the collapse of the Stuart Cause they had become part of the country wide Jacobiteorganization engaged in aiding the escape of the hunted rebels one being BENJAMIN HAWS, and their Grandfathers had entrusted to them the task of fulfilling a solemn oath their fathers had sworn to BANJAMIN HAWS that when it was safe for the children they would acquaint them with their ancestry but had lost touch with them in 1784 when the Act of Imdemnity, by which Jacobites were safe from further action, was passed, and had entailed it on their descendants to do so, and thus, learning R. C. HAWS was the HAWS Chief they had decided to place the details in his possession, as a step in doing this, as being Chief, contact between he and the others of the Clans was likely. Firstly BENJAMIN HAWS had not been killed, or even wounded, at the Battle of Culloden, but as the Breadalbanes suspected, had escaped and gone in hiding, for having reached his home district he avoided all his known contacts, such as his wife, relations and the Haws Chief and Clanand made his presence know to an acquaintance who was a firm, but unnoticed supporter of the Stuarts, and he and others concealed him in the moors and glens feeding him from farms, etc., only his wife with whom a secret meeting was arranged, knowing of his survival, while arranging his escape to America, choosing Liverpool for az ship, and headingt east, passing from Farm to landowner, changing his individuality to suit him finely, as a schoolmaster, caught the Peebles coachfor Carlisle, and crossed into England as one of a party of cattledrovers to Lancaster where the Local Jacobites of Warrington, and from Liverpool to Manchester passed him from one to another as a visiting gentleman but finding the Port too closely watched, billwith his description and reward being posted everywhere, they, after 3 attempts and narrow escaped, passed him on to North Wales, where deciding it was impossible to get out of Britain with their help he obtained the long vacant post of Custom and Revenue Officer, or "Ganger" or Gauger in an out of the way fishing village in a mountainous district in which illicit whiskey distilling flourished the whiskey being smuggled by fishing boats around the west to and Liverpool, he returning, and taking the Oath of Allegiance, to King George II passing under his own name, but saying he was a farmer from Cambridgeshire who had failed, to account for his accent being different from that of Lancashire and Cheshire, though as they only spoke Welsh locally his English was not commented on, giving different from that of Lancashire and Cheshire, though as they on giving his fatherife and children would join him later, securing and repairing a dilapidated old cottage, near the village, for their arrival. The Jacobites informed her of his safety and instructed her to act as already described, and from London she, under their guidance, but still closely watched as it was hoped she would lead to her husband, she and the children slowly made her way, on foot and earning what she could by dress making for farmeres saying she was looking for a suitable place to settle down to a small village in the Midlands, far from any where they vanished the authorities deciding she and the children had been drowned in one of the many flooded gravel pits there or had drowned herself and children being carried by a Jocobite in a borrowed 4 in hand racing coach to the main coach road to the south west of England, passing to cover the trail, the family crossed from Birstol to Wales and by stage coachto join their husband and father in the cottage. There they grew up among the Welsh, using that language, going to the village school, their father forging a success and steadily moving, first to another cottage with a garden, then to another with a bit of land, then a small farm until when he died he had the best farm in the district, and seeing no future for them there, they decided to cross to America he delaying his departure until he was 19 years old, when his sister would be 17 and old enough to accompany him and from their arrival in America, in 1760, the U. S. A. family records continue the story. Their parents died seemingly of the Peace in 1783, and the Act in Indemnity in Britain of 1784, indemnifying the Jacobites against further action, of which he did not take advantage as he had nothing to return to in Scotland and his Welsh lawyers contacted his children in the new U. S. A. about his estate and their inheritance and the Jacobites tried to do the same but failed a both BENJAMIN and his sister and their families had disappeared, crossing into Kentucky. Mrs. NEIL POWELL, a daughter of JOHN HAWS eldest brother to R. C. HAWS, whose husband was employed in the Welsh Revenue (Income Tax) Department, where BENJAMINion except some of the letters of the inscription were filled in with lichen was on the stone, and which she scraped off, and somewhat overgrown with grass due to the fact she was told that the endowment left for its up keep gave and incomewhich was no longer sufficient for regular care so that the grave and tombstone were only cleaned periodically when sufficient money had accumulated to pay a man

More About John Haws:
Ancestral File Number: 1M0P-PWF.21
Record Change: 11 Nov 200421

More About John Haws and Mrs John HAWS:
Marriage: 1717, Highlands, Scotland.21

Children of John Haws and Mrs John HAWS are:
  1. +Benjamin HAWS, b. Abt. 1714, Highlands, Angus, Scotland21, d., Wales21.
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