Below is the last segment of the Martin-Hunter text found on the internet.
This is an interesting family to have in a family tree. Note that Thomas
Martin was the tutor of James Madison.
An aside: Amazing how these families enter twine. . . . . Note the weaving
of Joyce-associated families around "Scotch Town," an old Hanover County VA
***CHISWELL: "Scotch Town," or a portion of the house, was built around
1719 by Charles Chiswell. He built it well because "Scotch Town" is still a
feature of the Hanover landscape. We can cite several associations between
Alexander Joyce and John Chiswell. Tony Joyce has transcribed part of the
ledger book of Col. Chiswell of Frederick Hall (Hanover/Louisa) which shows
that Alexander Joyce was a customer in 1751/52; and Alexander Joyce acted as
attorney for John Chiswell in 1755/56 in Halifax Co VA.
***HENRY: Patrick Henry bought "Scotch Town" in 1770 and lived there during
much of his political career. His father, John Henry, has close associations
with people who appear close to Alexander and Thomas Joyce in Louisa Co
records. In the later 1700s, we find the firm Henry and Joyce operating in
Hanover/Louisa counties. Due to record losses in Hanover, other
relationships between the Henrys and the Joyces may remain inexplicable. In
1791, now nearly sixty years old, the great patriot retired to his home "Red
Hill" in Charlotte County." "Red Hill" is located in sight of the the
Staunton/Roanoke River, about 15 miles from where Alexander and Thomas Joyce
had lived on Ward's Fork. John, the son of Patrick Henry, moved to Henry Co
VA, as did some of Alexander Joyce's children.
***PAYNE: When Dolley (Payne)Madison was a child, her family lived at
"Scotch Town." Some of you may have a Payne ancester as I do. Dolley
Madison's father, John Payne moved to Guilford County NC before she was born,
and returned to live at "Scotch Town" in Hanover County when she was about
ten years old. Thomas Martin of New Jersey, whom you'll meet below, was the
tutor of James Madison, future President and future husband of Dolley Payne.
The Madison home, Montpelier in Orange Co VA, was near Piney Mountain where
my ancestors - Payne, Cleveland, and Franklin - also lived. Martin's
mother, Jane Hunter Martin, remained for some years with the Madison family
after her son, Thomas, was gone. Later she moved to North Carolina to spend
her remaining days with her son, Alexander, near Danbury in North Carolina.
Alexander Martin was a post Revolutionary War Governor of North Carolina.
. . . . . . Back to the intended text, a continuation from last week.
Hugh Martin was born in 1698, near Enniskillen, Ireland, the eldest son of
Alexander Martin and Martha Coughran. Hugh must have received a good
education in Ireland, because he later operated an English school for a short
time in New Jersey. It has been said that Hugh was involved in the founding
of Princeton University. He definitely had a strong belief in a college
education as three of his sons attended Princeton.
When Hugh was about 21 years old, his father sent him to explore America.
Apparently, Hugh was impressed with the New World and subsequently the entire
family left Ireland, landing at New Castle, Delaware, sometime between the
years 1719 and 1721.
It is believed by this writer that the family settled for a time in what is
now Northampton Co., Pennsylvania, on the forks of the Delaware River. Sons
James (by his first wife), Hugh, Thomas, Robert and Henry moved across the
Delaware River to Hunterdon Co., New Jersey. Daughters Apes and Esther both
married and resided in Northampton Co., PA.
According to early Hunterdon Co., N.J. history, "a parcel near the Old York
Road, was sold by Joseph Burcharn to Hugh Martin on May 11, 1730. Our
research, however, has not found this deed, which was apparently never
Hugh's son, Col. James Martin wrote in his brief family history that Hugh
kept an English school for a year or two before he married Miss Jane Hunter.
Col. Martin continues his saga as it pertains to his mother's family. "The
Hunters came to Ireland 2-3 years after my father's family. They lived in the
County of Antrim, the principal town of which was Belfast. They, too, after
landing at New Castle on the Delaware, came up to New Jersey, where my father
first saw my mother. He, by this time, as I have heard him say, had got to be
a pretty old bachelor about 40. My mother was then about 18. They soon made a
match." They married, probably in 1737. It has been said that Hugh Martin and
Jane Hunter were cousins; however, the term "cousin" in early Southern States
history could mean distant relative, etc.
Col. Martin stated, "My mother's family, the Hunters, had not come to this
country. My two uncles, John and Alexander Hunter and young sister Jane were
all that came to this country. John Hunter, the eldest, moved to Buckingham
Co., Virginia, and after a few years acquired considerable property; he then
moved to Dan River near Eagle Falls in Rockingham Co., North Carolina. My
uncle, Alexander Hunter, moved and settled in the forks of the Delaware, six
miles above Easton. He afterwards moved to Bedford or Buckingham Co., Va.,
where he died. He was the father of Col. James Hunter of Beaver Island,
Rockingham Co., NC. My uncle left a sister in Scotland when he emigrated to
Ireland. I have forgotten her name. She married a man named Lunmon or Lemmon.
Col. Martin continues, "After the death of my grandfather, my grandmother
moved to Hunterdon Co., New Jersey, where my father and his three brothers,
Thomas, Robert and Henry, then lived. "My father had bought a plantation in
the Township of Annandale, in Hunterdon County, where my brother Alexander
was born. "
A Hunterdon Co., NJ, deed dated 28 July 1731, shows Hugh and brother Henry
Martin as witnesses to a land transaction in Amwell township.
Hugh served as a Justice of the Peace for Hunterdon County, N.J. Hugh
enrolled his eldest son, Alexander in the Francis Alison Academy at New
London, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, later known as the New London Academy.
Alexander was also listed as an alumnus of the Nottingham Academy, also
located in Chester Co., PA. Both academies were under the ecclesiastical
control of the Presbyterian Church. Rev. Samuel Finley, founder of the
Nottingham Academy, was elected to the Presidency of Princeton College in
It is not known which faith Hugh Martin ascribed to - whether Anglican or
Presbyterian. His wife, Jane Hunter Martin, however, had a strong
Presbyterian family background. Their son Thomas became an ordained
Anglican/Episcopal Priest. Hugh's brother, Henry, had been a Presbyterian m
Hugh Martin appeared at the Hunterdon County Court to serve as Administrator
for his brother, Thomas Martin's estate on February 21, 1761. On March 5,
1761, Hugh wrote his own will, stating he was very sick and weak in body, but
of perfect mind and memory. On 9 March 176 1, Hugh died.
On December 10, 1761, the following article was printed in the Pennsylvania
Gazette: "Notice is hereby given to Alexander Martin, merchant, Salisbury,
North Carolina, that his father, Hugh Martin of Hunterdon County, New Jersey,
died 9th of March, last; and left him and his brother James executors of his
will; wherefore said Alexander Martin, if not inconvenient to his business,
is desired to return home to settle his late father's affairs, but if his
coming should be attended with disadvantage to him, he is requested not to
come, by his mother, Jane Martin."
Hugh Martin's grave is in the old Lebanon burial ground, and a white marble
tablet proclaims that he was born in County Tyrone, Ireland, and died at the
age of 63. The tablet states, "His weeping sons in North Carolina pay this
tribute to his memory."
Jane Martin remained in New Jersey raising the younger children, with her son
James operating the farm, until she moved in 1769, with the unmarried
children to Orange County, Virginia, to be with her son Thomas, the pastor of
St. Thomas Church. Jane remained after Thomas' death, moving into Montpelier
with the James Madison family, and acted as tutor for the young Madison
children through October, 1771. It was probably in 1773 that she moved to
Rockingham Co., N.C. to live with her son Alexander at his Danbury
Plantation. There she remained until her death on 6 November 1807, at the age
of 90. She outlived her son Alexander by four days.
Hugh and Jane Hunter Martin had seven children:
*ALEXANDER MARTIN was born in 1738, at Lebanon, Hunterdon Co., New Jersey. He
served as a Colonel in the Revolutionary War, elected Governor of North
Carolina, and served as U. S. Senator from North Carolina and Speaker of the
State Assembly. He had one child, Alexander Strong Martin. Governor Martin
died on 2 November 1807, at his Danbury Plantation, Rockingham Co., NC.
*JAMES MARTIN was born 21 May 1742, at Lebanon, Hunterdon Co., NJ. He
attended Princeton University for a short time prior to his father's death in
1761. He chose to leave college to work his father's farm. In 1763, he
married his "cousin" Ruth Rogers, daughter of a Hunterdon Co. neighbor Thomas
Rogers. James remained in Hunterdon Co., NJ, until May, 1774, when he joined
his brothers Alexander and Robert and sister Anna Jane in Guilford Co., NC.
James was appointed Colonel-Commandant of the Guilford Co. Militia.
Throughout the Revolutionary period until 1781, Col. Martin raised militia
forces and at various times fought under Generals Green and Rutherford. Afler
the War, Col. Martin acquired over 2,000 acres of land in Stokes Co., NC, and
established a lime kiln and an ironworks and forge, known as the Union Iron
Works. His home was known as the Snow Creek Plantation. James and Ruth Rogers
Martin had eleven children. Ruth died sometime between 1786 and 1799. James
married for the second time to Martha Loftin, the widow of Hamilton Jones.
James and Martha had a total of five children. Col. James Martin was active
politically and served terms as Legislator in the NC State Assembly. Col.
James Martin died at his Snow Creek Plantation on 31 October 1834, at the age
*THOMAS MARTIN was born about 1743, at Lebanon, Hunterdon Co., NJ. Thomas was
educated at Princeton University, receiving his A. B. degree in 1762. Hugh
Martin died while Thomas was attending Princeton. His father's will provided
that Thomas' continued education be financed through the sale of some of the
real estate. Thomas graduated from Princeton and traveled to England, when on
June 14, 1767, he was ordained a deacon in the Church of England in the
Chapel Royal at St. James' Palace, London. He was ordained to the priesthood
on June 24, 1767. On July 8, 1767, he received a King's Bounty (money for
passage to America), and was assigned as Rector of the Old Brick Church, St.
Thomas' Parish in Orange County, Virginia. One of the parishioners was James
Madison, Sr., a wealthy planter, who persuaded Rev. Thomas Martin to move
into the Montpelier Plantation to tutor the Madison children. Rev. Martin
completed the eldest Madison son's college preparatory education. It was the
custom for the children of wealthy Virginia families to attend the College of
William and Mary, affiliated with the Anglican Church. Rev. Martin, together
with his eldest brother, Alexander Martin, were successful in convincing Mr.
Madison to send James Madison, Jr., the future U. S. President, to the
Presbyterian affiliated college of Princeton. In June or early July, 1769,
Rev. Thomas and brother Alexander accompanied the young James Madison to
settle him at Nassau Hall, Princeton University. The Martins continued on
from Princeton to their widowed mother's home. Rev. Thomas convinced his
mother, younger brothers Samuel and Robert and his youngest sister Anna Jane
to move and live with him in Orange Co., VA., as evidenced by a letter
written by James Madison to Rev. Martin. Apparently brother James remained at
the family farm in New Jersey. Sister Martha was no doubt married by this
time to Samuel Rogers, son of Thomas Rogers and brother to Ruth Rogers
Martin. Madison's letter to Rev. Martin further indicates that he was ill,
and perhaps this was another reason his mother decided to join him. It had
been Rev. Martin's intention to set up a small grammar school in the Brick
Church glebe house; however, by September, 1770, Rev. Martin died. Through
letters from James Madison, Jr. to his father, it is apparent that Rev.
Martin's younger brothers then moved to North Carolina to join their brother
Alexander. Jane Hunter Martin, however, remained in Virginia for a time, and
lived with the Madison family at Montpelier, taking on the task of tutoring t
he young Madison children, through October 7, 1771. This is the date of
James Madison's letter, stating that James Martin had attended a Princeton
commencement and had recently received news of his "brothers" in North
Carolina from a traveler. Madison wrote, "You may tell Mrs. Martin, he left
his family at home all well.
*ROBERT MARTIN was the youngest son, born. at Lebanon, Hunterdon Co., N.J.
Not much is known of Robert. He must have left his mother at Montpelier in
late 1770, and joined his eldest brother Alexander in Guilford Co., NC. As
evidenced by brother Alexander Martin's will, dated 20 February 1807, Robert
had fathered two children, known as Robert Drannan and Sarah Drannan.
Alexander stated they were "natural" children, otherwise known as Robert
Martin, Jr. and Sarah Martin. Robert inherited from Alexander's estate
several slaves and a 200 acre tract of land adjacent to Alexander's home. In
the June, 1802, Session of Stokes County Court, Robert Martin petitioned for
a judgment against his brother James Martin for failing to fully distribute
the inheritance due from their father's estate. James Martin defended the
suit by stating he had acted as Executor of his father's will and payment of
202 pounds, 9 shillings and 7 pence was made to Robert between May, 1776 and
January, 1779, plus half-ownership of a stud horse. James further recited the
various expenses incurred for Brother Thomas' education, and other legacies
required by the terms of the will, concluding that Robert had received full
satisfaction. Robert Martin died on I June 1822, in Rockingham Co., NC. His
will was probated in the November, 1822, Court Session and names his wife
Martha, sons Robert Martin, Jr. and John Martin, and daughters Rachael B.
Martin and Sally Napier. Son Robert Drannan Martin, Jr. was born in 1784 and
married Mary Settle. His daughter, Martha Martin married the Illinois U. S.
Senator Stephen Douglas on 7 April 1847, at the Martin plantation on the Dan
River, Rockingham Co., NC.
*MARTHA MARTIN was born by 1743 at Lebanon, Hunterdon Co., New Jersey. Her
future husband, Samuel Rogers witnessed her father's will, dated March 16,
1761. Samuel Rogers' father, Thomas Rogers died in 1766, leaving Thomas one
half of "the plantation over the river in Lebanon Township, adjoining to
James Martin, commonly called the Plant with all singular the appurtenances
thereunto belonging". (This is believed to be Martha!s half-uncle James
Martin) According to brother Alexander Martin's will of 1807, Martha and
Samuel had the following children: Samuel Rogers, Alexander M. Rogers, Thomas
Rogers, James Rogers, Robert Rogers and Martha "Patsy" Rogers. Martha Martin
Rogers is named in her brother's will, but it infers that she is widowed by
1807, and being cared for by her son James Rogers. Her date of death is not
*ANNA JANE MARTIN was born 23 August 1759 at Lebanon, Hunterdon Co., NJ. She
was not quite 2 years old when her father died. She was about I I years old
when her mother took her to live at Montpelier in Virginia. She no doubt
stayed with her mother in Virginia until their removal to North Carolina to
live with her brother Alexander. She was known as Jane, and married Thomas
Henderson in Rockingham Co., NC, on 10 Nov 1778. Thomas Henderson was the
brother of the celebrated Judge Richard Henderson, who was famous for the
establishment of the Transylvania Company and the pioneer settlement of
Tennessee and Kentucky. Thomas Henderson was born 19 March 1752, the tenth of
twelve children of Samuel and Elizabeth Williams Henderson. From 1781-1783,
Thomas served as Clerk of the Rockingham County Court. Jane Martin Henderson
was named, together with her husband, as an heir in brother Alexander
Martin's will. The main legacy being that of Alexander's Danbury Plantation
with the proviso that they maintain and support mother Jane Hunter Martin in
the condition to which she had been accustomed. Thomas and Jane Martin
Henderson's children were: Samuel Henderson, Alexander Henderson, Mary
"Polly" Henderson, Thomas Henderson, Jr., Jane Henderson, Nathaniel
Henderson, Fanny Henderson and Martin Luther Henderson. Jane Martin Henderson
died between 1807 and her husband's death in November, 1821.