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View Tree for King of the franks THE RIPARIAN CLOVIS, KING OF COLOGNEKing of the franks THE RIPARIAN CLOVIS, KING OF COLOGNE (b. 466, d. 11 November 511)

THE RIPARIAN CLOVIS, KING OF COLOGNE (son of 'Childeric I' "King of the Salian Franks" and Basina Andovera dr THURINGIA) was born 466 in Rheims, Mame, and died 11 November 511 in St. Denis Basilica, Paris, FRANCE.

Clovis was a Frankish King of Cologne. He was the elder relative of Clovis I and should not be confused
with him.

Name 'Clovis I' "the Great" "the Riparian" "King of the Franks"
Birth 0466, Rheims, Mame
Death 11 Nov 0511 Age: 45
Burial St. Denis Basilica, Paris, FRANCE
Occupation Royalty
Religion Pagan; Roman Catholic
Father 'Childeric I' "King of the Salian Franks" (0458-0481)
Mother Basina Andovera de THURINGIA (~0430-)


Children 'Clotaire I' "Chlothar/Chlloderic" "the Old" (0497-0561)

2 "Saint" Chlothilde de BURGUNDY
Birth abt 0465
Death 3 Jun 0548 Age: 83
Father Chilperic "II" de BOURGOGNE (~0430-)
Mother Agrippine de BOURGOGNE (~0430-)

Children 'Childebert I' (0425-)
Clotilda "of the Franks" (~0495-)

Notes for 'Clovis I' "the Great" "the Riparian" "King of the Franks"
Clovis I, King of the Franks (481-511) and first important ruler of the Merovingian dynasty. He united the dominions of the Salian Franks on the northern Rhine River and the Ripuarian Franks on the lower Rhine. Clovis began with a victory in 486 over the last Roman governor in northern Gaul. By 493, he had absorbed many territories that surrounded his capital at Soissons. Clovis converted to Christianity in 496. He had completely defeated the confederation of Germanic tribes known as the Alamanni by 506. The next year the Visigoths were decisively defeated. Clovis made Paris the capital of the Frankish kingdom, which at that time included most of present-day France and southwestern Germany.
During a battle with a neighboring tribe of Teutons in 496, Clovis' warriors were being driven from the field. Their gods Odin and Thor seemed to have failed them. Then Clovis remembered that is wife, Clotilda, had urged him to becoma a Christian. He cried out, "Oh, Christ Jesus, I beseech thee for aid! If thou will grant me victory over mine enemies, I will believe in thee and be baptized in thy name!"
Clovis rallied his men and gained a victory, and within a few years, he and some of his warriors were baptized. But at heart Clovis remained the same rough warrior he had been before. When the monks told him the story of Christ's crucifixion, he clutched his battle-ax and cried: "If I had been there with my Franks, I would have revenged his wrongs!"
When Clovis at the age of 16 became king of one tribe of the Franks,these ancestors of the modern French nation were a scattered people with a number of kings. When he died, 30 years later, he had united all theFranks into a single powerful nation under his own rule. He overthrew the Roman power in Gaul in a battle near Soissons in 486, and before his death in Paris he had won for his people a kingdom that reached from the Rhine on the north and east almost to the Pyrenees on the south. So complete was the conquest by the Franks that this land ever since has been called France, from their name.
On Clovis' death in 511, the kingdom was split between Chlodomer (Orleans), Childebert (Paris), Chlotar (Soissons), and Theuderic (Metz).

The Merovingians were a dynasty of Frankish kings who ruled a frequently fluctuating area in parts of present-day France and Germany from the fifth to the eighth century. They were sometimes referred to as the "long-haired kings" (Latin reges criniti) by contemporaries, for their symbolically unshorn hair (traditionally the tribal leader of the Franks wore his hair long, while the warriors trimmed it short).
The Merovingian dynasty owes its name to Merovech (sometimes Latinised as Meroveus or Merovius), leader of the Salian Franks from c.447 to 457, and emerges into wider history with the victories of his son Childeric I (reigned c.457 – 481) against the Visigoths, Saxons, and Alemanni. Childeric's son Clovis I went on to unite most of Gaul north of the Loire under his control around 486, when he defeated Syagrius, the Roman ruler in those parts.
He won the Battle of Tolbiac against the Alemanni in 496, on which occasion he adopted his wife's Roman Catholic faith, and decisively defeated the Visigothic kingdom of Toulouse in the Battle of Vouillé in 507. After Clovis' death, his kingdom was partitioned among his four sons, according to Frankish custom. Over the next century, this tradition of partition would continue. Even when multiple Merovingian kings ruled, the kingdom — not unlike the late Roman Empire — was conceived of as a single entity ruled collectively by several kings (in their own realms) and the turn of events could result in the reunification of the whole kingdom under a single king. Leadership among the early Merovingians was based on mythical descent and alleged divine patronage, expressed in terms of continued military success. - [1]

The Merovingian king was the master of the booty of war, both movable and in lands and their folk, and he was in charge of the redistribution of conquered wealth among the first of his followers. "When he died his property was divided equally among his heirs as though it were private property: the kingdom was a form of patrimony" (Rouche 1987 p 420). The kings appointed magnates to be comites, charging them with defence, administration, and the judgement of disputes. This happened against the backdrop of a newly isolated Europe without its Roman systems of taxation and bureaucracy, the Franks having taken over administration as they gradually penetrated into the thoroughly Romanised west and south of Gaul. The counts had to provide armies, enlisting their milites and endowing them with land in return. These armies were subject to the king's call for military support. There were annual national assemblies of the nobles of the realm and their armed retainers which decides major policies of warmaking. The army also acclaimed new kings by raising them on its shields in a continuance of ancient practice which made the king the leader of the warrior-band, not a head of state. Furthermore, the king was expected to support himself with the products of his private domain (royal demesne), which was called the fisc. Some scholars have attributed this to the Merovingians lacking a sense of res publica, but other historians have criticized this view as an oversimplification. This system developed in time into feudalism, and expectations of royal self-sufficiency lasted until the Hundred Years' War.
Trade declined with the decline and fall of the Roman Empire, and agricultural estates were mostly self-sufficient. The remaining international trade was dominated by Middle Eastern merchants.
Merovingian law was not universal law based on rational equity, generally applicable to all, as Roman law; it was applied to each man according to his origin: Ripuarian Franks were subject to their own Lex Ribuaria, codified at a late date (Beyerle and Buchner 1954), while the so-called Lex Salica (Salic Law) of the Salian clans, first tentatively codified in 511 (Rouche 1987 p 423) was invoked under medieval exigencies as late as the Valois era. In this the Franks lagged behind the Burgundians and the Visigoths, that they had no universal Roman-based law. In Merovingian times, law remained in the rote memorisation of rachimburgs, who memorised all the precedents on which it was based, for Merovingian law did not admit of the concept of creating new law, only of maintaining tradition. Nor did its Germanic traditions offer any code of civil law required of urbanised society, such as Justinian caused to be assembled and promulgated in the Byzantine Empire. The few surviving Merovingian edicts are almost entirely concerned with settling divisions of estates among heirs. - [1]

The Merovingian kingdom, which included, from at latest 509, all the Franks and all of Gaul but Burgundy, from its first division in 511 was in an almost constant state of war, usually civil. The sons of Clovis maintained their fraternal bonds in wars with the Burgundians, but showed that dangerous vice of personal aggrandisement when their brothers died. Heirs were seized and executed and kingdoms annexed. - [1]

The legacy of Clovis is well-established on three very large acts: his unification of the Frankish nation, his conquest of Gaul, and his conversion to Roman Catholicism. By the first act, he assured the influence of his people in wider affairs, something no petty regional king could accomplish. By the second act, he laid the foundations of a later nation-state: France. Finally, by the third act, he made himself the ally of the papacy and its protector as well as of the people, who were mostly Catholics.
Aside from these acts of more than just national importance, division of the state, not along national or even largely geographical lines, but primarily to assure equal income amongst the brothers, on his death, which may or may not have been his intention, was the cause of much internal discord in Gaul and contributed in the long run to the fall of his dynasty, for it was a pattern constantly repeated.[2] Clovis did bequeath to his heirs the support of both people and church such that, when finally the magnates were ready to do away with the royal house, the sanction of the pope was sought first

Burial: Unknown, St. Denis Basilica, Paris, FRANCE.
Religion: pagan; Roman Catholic.

  1. +CHILDEBERT KING OF COLOGNE, b. Abt 425, d. Aft. 450.
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