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The William and Martha Smith Barron Family of GA, AL and TX

Updated March 8, 2012

NEW ARTICLES ADDED MAY 2008: Two new articles are available under RELATED LINKS, below: Civil War Letters of the Greenberry Barron family of Chambers Co, AL, and The Heyday of Mechanicsville, story of a 19th century logging and furnituremaking community in Smith Co, TX.
This home page focuses on the BARRON FAMILY in early Wilkes, Greene, Hancock, Baldwin, Putnam, Jasper, Newton, Butts, Meriwether, Harris and Troup Counties in GA; in Tallapoosa, Coosa and Pike Counties, AL; and in Smith County, TX.

Much this site is centered on the family of WILLIAM BARRON (1769-1848) and his wife, MARTHA SMITH (1770-aft. 1855). WILLIAM is believed to be the son of WILLIAM BARRON and PRUDENCE DAVIS of Wilkes County, GA. MARTHA was the daughter of JAMES and MARY (?) SMITH of Wilkes County, GA.

[IMPORTANT NOTES: Tradition indicates that WILLIAM and PRUDENCE DAVIS BARRON had at least four children, JOHN, ELIZABETH, SAMUEL and WILLIAM (Jr.). Most Barron researchers identify SAMUEL BARRON of Jones County, GA, as WILLIAM and PRUDENCE's son Samuel. However, there is strong evidence that their son SAMUEL actually was the man of that name who died in Hancock County, GA, in 1801. See link under Related Files for discussion of this son.

Also, evidence indicates that WILLIAM and PRUDENCE BARRON also had a daughter, PRUDENCE (?), who married JOHN SMITH, son of JAMES SMITH. Please see the item entitled "The SMITH/BARRON Connection: James Smith's family" in the section 'Related Files' below for detailed information on this proposed daughter of WILLIAM and PRUDENCE DAVIS BARRON and her descendants.]


Particular emphasis is given to the descendants and allied families of two of their sons, JOSEPH and SMITH, many of whose children migrated from GA through AL to Smith County, TX. Allied families of these men's children include: STANLEY, ROGERS, CROSS, SCOGIN/SCOGGINS, ADAMS, TUCKER, TOMLINSON, PEACOCK, DUDLEY AND REDDOCH. See "Genealogy Report: Descendants of William and Prudence Barron" for an extensive listing of the descendants of JOSEPH and SMITH BARRON. Note that a newly "discovered" daughter of Smith Barron is included in the Genealogy Report. Recently uncovered church records indicate that Lovica Barron Scoggins was indeed a child of Smith Barron and his first wife, Lucy Reeves.

The lines of WILLIAM and MARTHA SMITH BARRON's remaining children are covered in less detail. [The descendants of WILLIAM and PRUDENCE DAVIS BARRON's other known children are not addressed at this time, except for a listing of children for SAMUEL BARRON and likely children of PRUDENCE (?) BARRON and JOHN SMITH.]

Pictures of many of Joseph and Smith Barron's children can be found in the Family Photos section below. I do not have photos of several of Smith's children: James F. Barron, Lovica Barron Scoggins, Jeremiah Barron or Emily Francis Barron Dudley. I would very much appreciate if anyone with pictures of these children would send copies to me. I would also be interested if anyone has different photos of Joseph and Smith Barron's children than those shown.

This information comes from many sources, including shared data from a number of Barron researchers, as well as primary research. I extend a heartfelt thanks to the many people who have shared their family information and their pictures with me over the past 25 years. There are still many gaps in my knowledge about this family. And, as in all such efforts, mistakes will be found. I welcome input from other researchers to correct any errors. I also encourage you to contact me to exchange new information and expand our knowledge of the Barron family. Much of my data is not yet available on this home page.

Vicki Barron Kruschwitz
114 Kingston Drive
Waco, TX 76712
United States

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Family Photos

  • William Thomas Barron & wife, Maria Louise Frazier (54 KB)
    WILLIAM THOMAS BARRON (1826-1901) was the second child of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. He married Maria Louise Frazier in GA and later migrated to AL. In late 1869, he moved his family from AL to Smith County, TX.
  • Susan Jane Barron Cross (129 KB)
    SUSAN JANE BARRON (1834-1902)was the sixth child of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. She married William W. Cross in AL in 1852. In 1869, the family moved to Smith County, TX, settling in Mt. Sylvan.
  • Isaac Newton Barron family (1869 or 1870) (59 KB)
    ISAAC NEWTON BARRON (1836-1915) was the seventh child of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. Family tradition says that he left Montgomery, AL, in December 1869 for Smith County, TX.
  • Isaac Newton Barron and wife, Georgia Ann Wright (57 KB)
    ISAAC NEWTON BARRON (1836-1915) was a son of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. He married Georgia Ann Wright in AL, soon after the Civil War. He moved his family to Smith County, TX, in late 1869, probably in the company of the family of his brother, William Thomas Barron.
  • Martha Barron and husband Elisha Harrison Scoggins (183 KB)
    MARTHA BARRON (abt. 1827 - bef. 1900)was the third child of SMITH AND LUCY REEVES BARRON. Martha and Elisha moved from Troup County, GA, to Chattooga County, GA, in late 1847. About the same time Lovica Barron and husband Wiley Gresham Scoggins and James F. Barron and wife Zilla Scoggins (brothers and sisters to Martha and Elisha) moved from Troup to Chattooga. Most of the other members of the Barron family moved to Alabama and later to Texas.
  • Joseph Alfred Barron (47 KB)
    JOSEPH ALFRED BARRON (1830-1873) was JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON's fourth child. He never moved to AL or TX, remaining in Troup County, GA, and running several businesses. His wife died soon after the birth of their only child. Joseph Alfred died a year later.
  • John Wood Barron and wife, Elizabeth Ann Adams (46 KB)
    JOHN WOOD BARRON (1832-1894) was the fourth of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON's children. He was the first of the children of brothers Joseph and Smith Barron to move to Smith County, TX (in 1852).
  • William Jay Barron (72 KB)
    WILLIAM JAY BARRON (1825-1914), oldest child of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON.
  • William Jay Barron and five of his sons (61 KB)
    WILLIAM JAY BARRON (1825-1914) was the oldest of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON's children. Pictured here are (seated, L to R): William Henry Barron, WILLIAM JAY BARRON, Josiah Franklin Barron. (Standing): James Hollingsworth Barron, John Robinson Barron and Reeves Young Barron.
  • Sarah Anne Barron Reddoch and son, Edwin Arcus (57 KB)
    SARAH ANNE BARRON (1850-1923) was the second child of SMITH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. She married James Reddoch in 1865 and moved from AL to Smith County, TX, in about 1868. The family moved from Smith County to Midland, TX, in about 1881.
  • Thomas Jefferson Barron (26 KB)
    THOMAS JEFFERSON BARRON (1834-1878)was the fifth child of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON. He moved his family from Alabama to Smith County, Texas, after the end of the Civil War in 1865.
  • Sarah Anne Barron Reddoch and son, Edwin Arcus (41 KB)
    SARAH ANNE BARRON (1850-1923) was the last child of SMITH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. Her youngest child, Elexia, died at about age four. Sarah separated from her husband about that time. The boys helped to support the family. Arcus did not marry until he was 37 years old.
  • Sarah Cynthia Barron and Michael Thomas Peacock (101 KB)
    SARAH CYNTHIA BARRON (1844-1877) was the last known child born to SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON. She married Michael Thomas Peacock in 1860. Mike was wounded in the Civil War and had to have his left arm amputated. Soon after the war the family moved to Smith County, Texas. About nine years later, they moved a few miles west to Van Zandt County, where Cynthia died.
  • Joseph Smith Barron family, 1901 (66 KB)
    JOSEPH SMITH BARRON (1838-1923)was the seventh child of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON. He joined his brother, John Wood Barron, in Smith County in 1861. This photo was taken at the May 1901 Barron family reunion near Tyler, TX. Joseph and wife, Mary Ann Tomlinson, are seated at the center of the picture, surrounded by their children and grandchildren.
  • John Barron signatures: 1802 & 1823, GA (107 KB)
    A man named John Barron filed a horse theft claim on behalf of his brother, Samuel, in Hancock County, GA, in 1802. His signature is very similar to that of John Barron, son of William and Prudence Barron. This photo compares the two signatures.
  • Mary Sarah 'Polly' Barron Stanley (93 KB)
    MARY SARAH 'POLLY' BARRON (1823-1901)was the oldest of the children of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. She married William M. Stanley, who was killed in the Civil War. Her children began moving from AL to Smith County, TX, in 1884. She joined them in about 1886.
  • Nancy Ann Barron and husband John F. Rogers (41 KB)
    NANCY ANN BARRON (1832-1901) was the fifth child of Joseph Barron and Sarah Graham Hays. A few years after her marriage, she and husband, John F. Rogers, moved to Arkansas. She lost touch with her siblings until sister, Mary Barron Stanley, contacted her in 1897.

Related Files

  • Who were the 2 Samuel & John Barrons in early GA? (510 KB)
    A detailed discussion of the two Samuel Barrons and two John Barrons found in Greene and Hancock Counties in the 1790s - 1800s. There are several items of particular interest to Barron researchers: First, is the transcription of a SECOND letter from John D. Garrard to J.D. Barron in 1892. Garrard's first letter has been used as a bible for Barron researchers. The second LETTER provides new information!! Second, IT APPEARS THAT THE WRONG SAMUEL BARRON HAS BEEN IDENTIFIED AS THE SON OF WILLIAM AND PRUDENCE BARRON !! Documentation is provided indicating that Samuel Barron who married Jane Miller was likely William and Prudence's son, NOT Samuel Barron who married Joanna Braswell. Also, there is a discussion of John Barron, son of William and Prudence, and a second John Barron who lived nearby, but whose relationship to William and Prudence Barron's family is unknown.
  • Barron Census Records (871 KB)
    Census data for William and Martha Smith Barron and their descendants.
  • Craven County, NC, Barron and Davis families (189 KB)
    A review of generally-accessible Craven County, NC, records from the early 1700s - 1780s to determine whether the William Barron and Prudence Davis of Craven County were the same persons as William and Prudence Barron, ancestors of the Barron line found in Wilkes County, GA, by 1785.
  • The SMITH/BARRON Connection: James Smith's family (479 KB)
    "JAMES SMITH (d. 1799) OF WILKES COUNTY, GA, AND ALLIED FAMILIES OF BARRON, FOSTER, WHITE, THOMPSON, CHAFFIN, AND COLLUM." *** Updated: March 2006 *** This paper was first posted by Donna Sarchet and Vicki Kruschwitz in July 2001 as a detailed investigation into the family of JAMES SMITH, which had significant ties to the BARRON family. JAMES SMITH's daughter, MARTHA SMITH, married WILLIAM BARRON, son of WILLIAM and PRUDENCE BARRON of Wilkes County, GA; his son, JOHN SMITH, married PRUDENCE? BARRON, a heretofore unrecognized daughter of WILLIAM and PRUDENCE BARRON. Other children of James Smith were NATHAN (m. SARAH FOSTER), MARY (m. DEMPSEY WHITE), SARAH (m. WILLIAM THOMPSON), JACOB (m. SUSANNAH THOMPSON), JOSEPH (m. POLLY FOSTER), RACHEL "ZECHIE" (m. WILLIAM CHAFFIN) and ELIZABETH (m. DAVID COLLUM).
  • Record abstracts for William Barron family (620 KB)
    Three tables give abstracts of deeds, tax records, marriages, etc. pertaining to the Barron family. Table I covers late 1700s / early 1800s Wilkes, Green, Hancock, Putnam and surrounding GA counties for Prudence Barron, her children, and her grandchildren by son, William. Table II follows the migration of William Barron's family into Jasper, Newton, Butts, Troup, GA, and Coosa and Pike, AL. Table III covers the family of Smith Barron's son, John Wood Barron, in Smith County, TX, from the 1850s through 1910s.
  • John Davis Garrard's Barron research in the 1890s (88 KB)
    Whether or not you've realized it, those of you researching the William and Prudence Barron family have been profoundly influenced by the early writings of John Davis Garrard. In the late 1800s, this great-grandson of William and Prudence preserved family stories and tirelessly corresponded with relatives to gather a family genealogy. His work has been shared through publications of Georgia county histories and by mail between serious genealogists. Now, all of his known writings are transcribed and available on this webpage. Lots of good stories and information, but use with care as there are a number of errors, too!

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