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The William and Martha Smith Barron Family of GA, AL and TX

Updated November 4, 2014


This home page focuses on the BARRON FAMILY and allied lines in early Wilkes, Greene, Hancock, Baldwin, Putnam, Jasper, Newton, Butts, Meriwether, Harris and Troup Counties in GA; in Tallapoosa, Coosa and Pike Counties, AL; and in Smith County, TX. You will find an article on the origin of the Barron family, another sorting and identifying early Barrons with the same given name, and a detailed research article tracing the allied Smith family, among others. There are also links to the Barron DNA Project and analysis of related Barrons.

My ancestral line is traced to WILLIAM BARRON (1769-1848) and his wife, MARTHA SMITH (1770-aft. 1855). WILLIAM is believed to be the son of WILLIAM BARRON and PRUDENCE DAVIS of Wilkes County, GA. MARTHA was the daughter of JAMES and MARY (?) SMITH of Wilkes County, GA.

Tradition indicates that WILLIAM and PRUDENCE DAVIS BARRON had at least four children, JOHN, ELIZABETH, SAMUEL and WILLIAM (Jr.). Most Barron researchers identify SAMUEL BARRON of Jones County, GA, as WILLIAM and PRUDENCE's son Samuel. However, there is strong evidence that their son SAMUEL actually was the man of that name who died in Hancock County, GA, in 1801. See link "Sorting men named John & Samuel Barron in early Georgia" below for discussion of this son.

Also, evidence indicates that WILLIAM and PRUDENCE BARRON also had a daughter, PRUDENCE (?), who married JOHN SMITH, son of JAMES SMITH. Please see the link entitled "James Smith of Wilkes County, GA, and Allied Families" below for detailed information on this proposed daughter of WILLIAM and PRUDENCE DAVIS BARRON and her descendants.

The children of WILLIAM BARRON and MARTHA SMITH were: JAMES, THOMAS, MARY ELIZABETH, HENRY, JOSEPH, SMITH and JOHN. Allied families are: DOSS, MARTIN, ROQUEMORE, STRICKLAND, EIDSON, HAYS, REEVES and FARR.

Particular emphasis is given to the descendants and allied families of two of their sons, JOSEPH and SMITH, many of whose children migrated from GA through AL to Smith County, TX. Allied families of these men's children include: STANLEY, ROGERS, CROSS, SCOGIN/SCOGGINS, ADAMS, TUCKER, TOMLINSON, PEACOCK, DUDLEY AND REDDOCH. See "Descendants of William and Prudence Barron: Genealogy Report" below for an extensive listing of the descendants of JOSEPH and SMITH BARRON.

The lines of WILLIAM and MARTHA SMITH BARRON's remaining children are covered in less detail. [The descendants of WILLIAM and PRUDENCE DAVIS BARRON's other known children are not addressed at this time, except for a listing in the Genealogy Report of children for SAMUEL BARRON and likely children of PRUDENCE (?) BARRON and JOHN SMITH.]

Pictures of many of Joseph and Smith Barron's children can be found in the Family Photos section below. I do not have photos of several of Smith's children: Lovica Barron Scoggins, Jeremiah Barron or Emily Francis Barron Dudley. I would very much appreciate if anyone with pictures of these children would send copies to me. I would also be interested if anyone has different photos of Joseph and Smith Barron's children than those shown.

Ongoing DNA testing has been an immeasurable help, connecting us to a Barron family that lived in County Down, N. Ireland, as early as 1713. We have not yet determined if our line is a part of this County Down family or just closely related. For more information, see the article, “The Tradition of Irish Heritage in the William and Prudence Barron Family” (link below) and the clan analysis for our Barron line at the Barron DNA Project website: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~barronfamily/Barron/clan2analysis.pdf.

This information comes from many sources, including data from a number of Barron genealogists, as well as primary research. I extend a heartfelt thanks to all the folks who have shared their family information with me over the past 35+ years and encourage researchers to contact me with new info, as well as questions.

Vicki Barron Kruschwitz
vkruschwitz@gmail.com

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Family Photos

  • William Thomas Barron & wife, Maria Louise Frazier (54 KB)
    WILLIAM THOMAS BARRON (1826-1901) was the second child of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. He married Maria Louise Frazier in GA and later migrated to AL. In late 1869, he moved his family from AL to Smith County, TX.
  • Susan Jane Barron Cross (129 KB)
    SUSAN JANE BARRON (1834-1902)was the sixth child of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. She married William W. Cross in AL in 1852. In 1869, the family moved to Smith County, TX, settling in Mt. Sylvan.
  • Isaac Newton Barron family (1869 or 1870) (59 KB)
    ISAAC NEWTON BARRON (1836-1915) was the seventh child of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. Family tradition says that he left Montgomery, AL, in December 1869 for Smith County, TX.
  • Isaac Newton Barron and wife, Georgia Ann Wright (57 KB)
    ISAAC NEWTON BARRON (1836-1915) was a son of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. He married Georgia Ann Wright in AL, soon after the Civil War. He moved his family to Smith County, TX, in late 1869, probably in the company of the family of his brother, William Thomas Barron.
  • Martha Barron and husband Elisha Harrison Scoggins (183 KB)
    MARTHA BARRON (abt. 1827 - bef. 1900)was the third child of SMITH AND LUCY REEVES BARRON. Martha and Elisha moved from Troup County, GA, to Chattooga County, GA, in late 1847. About the same time Lovica Barron and husband Wiley Gresham Scoggins and James F. Barron and wife Zilla Scoggins (brothers and sisters to Martha and Elisha) moved from Troup to Chattooga. Most of the other members of the Barron family moved to Alabama and later to Texas.
  • Joseph Alfred Barron (47 KB)
    JOSEPH ALFRED BARRON (1830-1873) was JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON's fourth child. He never moved to AL or TX, remaining in Troup County, GA, and running several businesses. His wife died soon after the birth of their only child. Joseph Alfred died a year later.
  • John Wood Barron and wife, Elizabeth Ann Adams (46 KB)
    JOHN WOOD BARRON (1832-1894) was the fourth of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON's children. He was the first of the children of brothers Joseph and Smith Barron to move to Smith County, TX (in 1852).
  • James F. Barron and wife Zilla Ann Scoggins (96 KB)
    JAMES F. BARRON (1826-1900) was the second child of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON. He married Zilla Ann Scoggins in Chattooga County, GA, where the couple lived for most of their married lives.
  • William Jay Barron (72 KB)
    WILLIAM JAY BARRON (1825-1914), oldest child of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON.
  • William Jay Barron and five of his sons (61 KB)
    WILLIAM JAY BARRON (1825-1914) was the oldest of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON's children. Pictured here are (seated, L to R): William Henry Barron, WILLIAM JAY BARRON, Josiah Franklin Barron. (Standing): James Hollingsworth Barron, John Robinson Barron and Reeves Young Barron.
  • Sarah Anne Barron Reddoch and son, Edwin Arcus (57 KB)
    SARAH ANNE BARRON (1850-1923) was the second child of SMITH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. She married James Reddoch in 1865 and moved from AL to Smith County, TX, in about 1868. The family moved from Smith County to Midland, TX, in about 1881.
  • Thomas Jefferson Barron (26 KB)
    THOMAS JEFFERSON BARRON (1834-1878)was the fifth child of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON. He moved his family from Alabama to Smith County, Texas, after the end of the Civil War in 1865.
  • Sarah Anne Barron Reddoch and son, Edwin Arcus (41 KB)
    SARAH ANNE BARRON (1850-1923) was the last child of SMITH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. Her youngest child, Elexia, died at about age four. Sarah separated from her husband about that time. The boys helped to support the family. Arcus did not marry until he was 37 years old.
  • Sarah Cynthia Barron and Michael Thomas Peacock (101 KB)
    SARAH CYNTHIA BARRON (1844-1877) was the last known child born to SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON. She married Michael Thomas Peacock in 1860. Mike was wounded in the Civil War and had to have his left arm amputated. Soon after the war the family moved to Smith County, Texas. About nine years later, they moved a few miles west to Van Zandt County, where Cynthia died.
  • Joseph Smith Barron family, 1901 (66 KB)
    JOSEPH SMITH BARRON (1838-1923)was the seventh child of SMITH and LUCY REEVES BARRON. He joined his brother, John Wood Barron, in Smith County in 1861. This photo was taken at the May 1901 Barron family reunion near Tyler, TX. Joseph and wife, Mary Ann Tomlinson, are seated at the center of the picture, surrounded by their children and grandchildren.
  • John Barron signatures: 1802 & 1823, GA (107 KB)
    A man named John Barron filed a horse theft claim on behalf of his brother, Samuel, in Hancock County, GA, in 1802. His signature is very similar to that of John Barron, son of William and Prudence Barron. This photo compares the two signatures.
  • Mary Sarah 'Polly' Barron Stanley (93 KB)
    MARY SARAH 'POLLY' BARRON (1823-1901)was the oldest of the children of JOSEPH and SARAH GRAHAM HAYS BARRON. She married William M. Stanley, who was killed in the Civil War. Her children began moving from AL to Smith County, TX, in 1884. She joined them in about 1886.
  • Nancy Ann Barron and husband John F. Rogers (41 KB)
    NANCY ANN BARRON (1832-1901) was the fifth child of Joseph Barron and Sarah Graham Hays. A few years after her marriage, she and husband, John F. Rogers, moved to Arkansas. She lost touch with her siblings until sister, Mary Barron Stanley, contacted her in 1897.
 

Related Files

  • Barron Census Records (871 KB)
    Census data for William and Martha Smith Barron and their descendants.
  • Record abstracts for William Barron family (620 KB)
    Three tables give abstracts of deeds, tax records, marriages, etc. pertaining to the Barron family. Table I covers late 1700s / early 1800s Wilkes, Green, Hancock, Putnam and surrounding GA counties for Prudence Barron, her children, and her grandchildren by son, William. Table II follows the migration of William Barron's family into Jasper, Newton, Butts, Troup, GA, and Coosa and Pike, AL. Table III covers the family of Smith Barron's son, John Wood Barron, in Smith County, TX, from the 1850s through 1910s.
 

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