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Descendants of William Lane

Generation No. 2

      2. Ralph2 Lane (William1) was born in Orlingbury, Northamptonshire, England, and died Abt. 1600. He married Maud Parr Abt. 1554 in Northgate, Suffolk, England, daughter of William "Lord" and Mary Salisbury. She was born in Orlingbury, Northamptonshire, England.

Notes for Ralph Lane:
An undated newspaper clipping filed in the New York Public Library states
that "Sir Ralph Lane of Orlingburg, England, whose wife, nee Parr, was a
first cousin of Katherine Parr, sixth queen of King Henry VIII, was
progenitor of the Lanes of Virginia and North Carolina; he was also the
father of Sir Ralph Lane, who founded the colony of Roanoke and was the
first English governor in America." The newspaper article concerned Col.
Joel Lane of Bloomsbury, North Carolina, a Revolutionary War officer and
collateral cousin of Isaac Lane, whose descendants setted in Polk County,

Notes for Maud Parr:
Katherine Parr was born about 1512, the eldest child of Sir Thomas Parr, a
descendant of Edward III, and Maud Green, daughter of Sir Thomas Green of
Green of Green's Norton, Kendal Castle. Katherine's father died when she
was only 5 years old. Katherine's mother brought her up where she was
expected to be proficient in language, religion and all the literary skills
of the day. As was not uncommon among the aristocracy of the day,
Katherine's mother arranged a marriage to Sir Edward Burgh in 1526, who was
63 and Katherine was only 14. Sir Edward Burgh died two years later.

Around 1530 she received an offer of marriage from John Neville, Lord
Latimer of Snape Castle. After becoming Lady Latimer, both her and her
husband were common fixtures around the court of Henry VIII. It was at this
time that she developed an interest in Protestantism, which she had to
conceal for many years. It was also during this time that Katherine caught
the attention of Henry VIII. Lord Latimer died from a long illness on March
2, 1543.

The king gained her affections and they were married on July 12, 1543 at
Hampton Court. Now that Katherine was Queen, there was a good prospect of
continual advancement and acquisition of wealth and status for her family.
Just prior to Katherine's marriage, Sir Ralph Lane died leaving her cousin
Maud Parr (Lane) a widow with children. The Queen brought Maud into the
royal household and was known as Lady Lane.

Lady Lane was one of four children born to Sir Thomas Parr's brother, Sir
William Parr and Mary Salisbury. Katherine, together with the help of the
ladies of the household became a loving stepmother to the king's children
by previous marriages. Katherine immediately took the duty of supervising
Elizabeth's education and developed a close relationship to the future
Queen of England. Katherine and her ladies in waiting became very active in
promoting Protestant religious ideas.

The Bishop Gardiner and Chancellor Wriothesley managed to convince the king that the Queen was at the center of a heretical conspiracy to alienate
England further from, what Katherine called 'the monstrous idol of Rome'.
The Bishop's Council ordered the arrests of Lady Herbert, Katherine's
sister, Lady Lane and Lady Tyrwhitt, her favorite ladies in waiting. That
night, accompanied by her sister and Lady Lane, they made their way to the
king's bedchamber, where he was chatting with several gentlemen. Katherine
made a great speech on the topic of religion that concealed her true views
in the presence of everyone. Henry was shrewd enough and had already
guessed why the Council wanted the Queen out of the way. On the following
day, Wriothesley came to take the Queen to the Tower, when the king shouted
'Knave! Arrant knave! Beast! Fool!' and ordered him out of his presence.
Katherine and the ladies in waiting were saved. Katherine and Henry VIII
remained devoted to each other until his death on January 28, 1547.

In conclusion, it is clear that the close relationships and contacts that
Lady Lane made at court opened many opportunities for the Lane family until
their arrival in America.

Children of Ralph Lane and Maud Parr are:
+ 3 i.   Roger3 Lane, born Abt. 1569 in Hereford, Kingston County, England; died April 30, 1603 in London, England.
  4 ii.   Sir. Ralph Lane Jr., born Abt. 1530 in Lympstone, Devonshire, England; died October 1603.
  Notes for Sir. Ralph Lane Jr.:
From Gene Cowherd:
>BIOGRAPHY OF SIR RALPH LANE Junior one of Maud Parr's sons
>Written by John W. Shirley
>In (ca. 1740- 1795)
>William S. Powell, Ed. Dictionary of North Carolina Biography, Vol. 4.
>Chapel Hill NC: The University of North Carolina Press, pp. 14-15.
>Lane, Sir Ralph (ca. 1530- October 1603), first governor of "Virginia," was
>born in Lympstone, Devonshire, England, the son of Sir Ralph Lane (d.1541)
>and his wife Maud Parr (daughter of William Lord Parr) of Northamptonshire.
>He is believed to have been a cousin of Edward Dyer, the poet. In 1563 he
>entered the service of Queen Elizabeth I as equerry and did a variety of
>court tasks, including searching Breton ships for illegal goods in 1571. In
>general, however, Lane was better suited as a soldier than a courtier.
>After serving as sheriff of County Kerry, Ireland, from 1583 to 1585, he
>was invited by Sir Walter Raleigh to command an expedition to America. He
>sailed on 9 April 1585 under Sir Richard Grenville, with whom he soon began
>to quarrel. Towards the end of June, they arrived at Wococon on the North
>Carolina Outer Banks and established a colony with Lane as governor.
>After Grenville departed for England in August, the colony moved to Roanoke
>Island where it remained for the next eight months. As supplies became
>scarce, the colony was plagued with bickering and quarrels among its
>members and with the natives. Lane reportedly was not diplomatic in dealing
>with the Indians and often reacted violently to provocation.
>He quarreled with Wingina, an Indian chief, who was attempting to organize
>neighboring tribes to attack Lane's group. Lane solved this problem by
>killing Wingina on 10 June 1586 before the surrounding tribes convened and
>then managed to disperse the rest of the group. The next day, 11 June, Sir
>Francis Drake arrived and promised to leave men, supplies, and a ship.
>However, a hurricane blew the ship out to sea and plans were changed. Lane,
>discouraged, decided to return to England. In the frenzied rush to be gone,
>three colonists, exploring up-country, were left behind, and in an effort
>to lighten the ship's load, valuable records were thrown overboard. Lane
>returned to England on 27 July 1586 and never again commanded a colonial
>Expedition. Ironically, Grenville's relief squadron arrived shortly after
>Drake sailed for home, causing widespread criticism of Lane for leaving
>Virginia when he did. It has even been suggested that Lane's distrust of
>Grenville led to his abandoning the colony.
>It is thought (without much proof) that Lane was the first to introduce
>tobacco to England. Following his return, Lane set down a "Discourage on
>the First Colony," which was sent to Sir Walter Raleigh and later printed
>in Richard Hakluyt's Principal Navigations (1589). Afterward, Lane wrote
>another treatise on his experiences as a colonial commander and sent it to
>Lord Burghley on 7 Jan. 1592. In it he emphasized the need for strict
>discipline to avoid illness among the soldiers.
>Among the colonists of this Virginia expedition were John White, an artist,
>and Thomas Harriot a mathematician, who took meticulous notes and made
>remarkably accurate drawings of the wildlife, fauna, and natives of the New
>World. These efforts have been preserved in their book, A briefe and
>true report of the new found land of Virginia, published in 1588 and 1590.
>Lane wrote the foreword to this book.
>After Lane's return to England, he performed a series of petty tasks for
>the court, including in 1588 the office of muster- master of the camp at
>West Tilbury in Essex and the next year at muster- master general of the
>army on the Spanish and Portuguese coast. In January 1592 he took the post
>of muster-master general and clerk of the check in Ireland. He remained in
>that country for the rest of his life.
>Lane apparently never married but continued, as he had throughout his
>career, to beg favors from the well-placed for himself and his relatives.
>On 15 Oct. 1593 he was knighted by the lord deputy of Ireland, Sir William
>Fitzwilliam. In 1594 Lane was badly wounded in an Irish rebellion. He never
>regained his strength and his office was generally neglected during the
>last years of his life. Edward E. Hale summed up his career: "He seems to
>have been an eager courtier, a bold soldier, a good disciplinarian, an
>incompetent governor, a credulous adventurer, and on the whole, though not
>a worthless, an unsuccessful man."
>SEE: DAB, vol. 5 (1932); DNB, vol. 11 (1967); Edward E. Hale, "Life of Sir
>Ralph Lane," Transactions
>and Collections of the American Antiquarian Society, vol. 4 (1860); David
>B. Quinn, ed., The Roanoke
>Voyages, 1584 -1590, 2 vols. (1955).

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