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Christian Haas Family
Christian Haas also came from Rheinbischofsheim and may have known his future wife, Margaretha Seidel there, but this cannot be proven. The same church record books gave a wealth of information on this line also.
Christian Haas came to the U.S. on August 15, 1850 abroad the ship "Samuel Dyer", settling in New York City. Luckily, he fought in the Civil War and one of the questions on his applications for pension was where and when he was born. Thanks to these records, I discovered that he came from Rheinbischofsheim, Baden, Germany, where he was born on May 12, 1829. He was the son of Christian Haas and Sophia Bernhardt. He also had 2 sisters: Sophia, born November 9, 1821, and Magdalina, born January 31, 1824. He also had a step-sister and step-brother: Anna Maria, born May 12, 1834 died May 29, 1834, and George, born August 29, 1836.
Christian (1829) Haas's Parents
Christian Haas was born October 30, 1791, in Scherzheim, and died February 6, 1870 in Rheinbischofsheim. He was a day-laborer.
Sophia Bernhardt was born March 29, 1797, in Rheinbischofsheim and died March 31, 1831. Sophia and Christian were married April 22, 1824 in Rheinbischofsheim.
After Sophia died, Christian married Anna Maria Herman (born December 19, 1800 died July 6, 1871) on August 11, 1831, mourning a little more than 4 months. They had 2 children together: Anna Maria and Georg. (see Generation ).
Christian (1791) Haas's Parents
Mathias Haas was born November 9, 1755 in Scherzheim and died January 22, 1806. He was a day-laborer.
Anna Maria Hänsel was born February 20, 1773 in Scherzheim and died April 1, 1797. Anna and Mathias were married November 24, 1790 in Scherzheim. The name has also been spelled "Hensel". Mathias was previously married to a Christina (last name unclear, but appears to be "Rohr"), a widow of Jacob Waag, in 1780. She apparently died before his marriage to Anna Maria in 1790, but bore him a son, Matthias, born December 16, 1780, died January 29, 1806. Matthias the younger, married his 4th cousin, Maria Magdalena Hänsel, daughter of Hans Matthias Hänsel (the brother of Johann Paul Hänsel - my 5th great grandfather) and Maria Anna Lichtenißin on April 25, 1803 in Scherzheim. No children are known.
Sophia Bernhardt's Parents
Michael Bernhardt was born May 25, 1756 in Kehl, Baden, Germany and died April 12, 1836 in Rheinbischofsheim. He was a fisherman and day-laborer.
Sophia Margarethe Rieber was born June 27, 1757 in Pirmasens, Germany, and died August 3, 1827 in Rheinbischofsheim. Their marriage date is unknown.
Generation (Great Grandparents)
Mathias (1755) Haas's Parents
Mathias Haas was born February 2, 1724 in Weyler, Wuerttemberg (although I have checked the Mormon records for all of the towns named "Weyler" and could not find this record) and died December 10, 1796 in Scherzheim. He was a blacksmith.
Maria Katharina Kautz was born October 28, 1725, in Scherzheim, and died February 4, 1782, also in Scherzheim. Maria and Mathias were married February 25, 1749 in Scherzheim. Mathias and Maria had one other known son: Johann Georg Haas, who married Maria Magdalena Stoß on June 11, 1799 in Lichtenau.
Anna Maria Hänsel's Parents
Johann Paul Hänsel was born September 30, 1734 in Helmlingen, Baden Germany and died March 12, 1781 in Scherzheim. He was a day-laborer.
Eva Salome Waffenschmidt was born October 5, 1746 in Scherzheim. Eva and Johann were married May 7, 1770 in Scherzheim.
Michael Bernhardt's Parents
Michael's Parents were Johannes Bernhardt and Katherina Elisabetha Bürckel. Katherina was born August 10, 1720 in Kehl, Baden and died sometime after May 25, 1756. They were married September 21, 1745 in Kehl, Baden.
Sophia Rieber's Parents
Sophia's father, according to Rheinbischofsheim records, were Mathias Rieber, a soldier in the infantry from Pirmasens. In the Rheinbischofshein records, Mathias is described as "grenadier of the ducal guard" and "grenadier of the (?) Battalion". He was born February 24, 1726 in Scherzheim.
There is some confusion as to the name of Sophia's mother. According to Sophia's baptism record, her mother was "Maria Catherina Schmidlin". However, according to Sophia's death record, her mother's name was "N.N. Wessel". The birth records of Sophia's two brothers also bears the name of Maria Catharina Wessel. Maria Catharina's death record also bears the maiden name Schaufler, although she died as the widow of Johann Jacob Hauserer. She was apparently married more than once and the fact that she had children with Mathias rather late in life, indicates she may have married a man named Wessel before marrying Mathias, hence the use of the confusing two names. Maria Catharina Schaufler, daughter of Hanß Georg Schaufler and Agnes (last name unknown) was born August 29, 1714 and died March 21, 1788. At this point, I am not positively sure that she is the mother of Sophia.
The records of Rheinbischofsheim show that Mathias and an Anna apparently had other children. On April 4, 1751, a son was born and named Matthias, but died immediately after birth. The record states that he was baptized at birth by the midwife because of extreme weakness and then died. On June 23, 1752, another son was born and named Hans Georg. This child lived.
Generation 5 (2nd Great Grandparents)
Mathias (1724) Haas's Parents
Mathias's (1724) father was Johannes Haas, a farmer in Weyler, Wuerttemberg. His mother was Maria Mütter. Both died sometime after February 25, 1749. They had another son: Johannes, who married Dorothea (last name unreadable) on November 22, 1746 in Lichtenau. Dorothea's father was Hans Georg.
Maria Katharina Kautz's Parents
Johann Jakob Kautz (also called Hans Jakob Kautz) was born November 22, 1701, in Scherzheim and died after March 25, 1752.
Katharina Lichteysen was born about 1697 and died March 25, 1752 in Scherzheim. Katharina and Jakob were married January 16, 1725 in Lichtenau, Baden, and had 2 other known children:
- 1. Johann Georg, born October 18, 1727.
- 2. Susanna, born June 1, 1732, died January 5, 1789
Johann Paul Hänsel's Parents
Johann Jacob Hänsel was born August 24, 1697 in Scherzheim, and died February 23, 1777 also in Scherzheim. He was also referred to as Jacob.
Anna Margaretha Waag was born December 12, 1706 in Scherzheim and died December 5, 1768 in Scherzheim. Anna and Jakob were married June 3, 1732 in Lichtenau and had 7 other known children:
- 1. Phillip Georg
- 2. Johannes, born August 29, 1733, died September 13, 1733
- 3. Anna Maria, born February 11, 1736
- 4. Phillip Jacob, born February 27, 1737, died January 03, 1795, who married Maria
- Salome Baltzer (born about 1750, died January 19, 1789) on November 14, 1769 in
- Scherzheim and had 5 known children:
- a. Johannes, born November 27, 1770
- b. Johann Michael, born December 21, 1773, died December 18, 1836, who married
- Frederika Schiele (born March 26, 1780, died December 20, 1829) on February 15,
- 1802 in Scherzheim and had 6 known children:
- 1) Magdalena, born August 21, 1802, died August 29, 1802
- 2) Catharina Salome, born October 25, 1804, died 1864
- 3) Eva Magdalena, born July 14, 1810, died September 18, 1838
- 4) Juliana, born September 06, 1813, died November 16, 1878
- 5) Johann Michael, born February 26, 1816, who married Magdalena Heiland on
- June 24, 1849 in Scherzheim.
- 6) Christian, born June 16, 1818, died December 17, 1873
- c. Mathias, born September 26, 1780
- d. Mathias, born November 23, 1783, died April 07, 1847, who married Christina
- Schaufler and had 8 known children:
- 1) Christina Salome, born January 11, 1804, died 1804
- 2) Christian, born December 04, 1805
- 3) Matthias, born November 09, 1809, died 1810
- 4) Matthias, born December 30, 1814, died 1819
- 5) Johannes, born August 31, 1817, died September 05, 1817
- 6) Johannes, born December 27, 1818
- 7) Matthias, born January 02, 1820
- 8) David, born September 19, 1822, died November 23, 1822
- e. Katharina Salome, born February 22, 1786, died February 09, 1804
- After the death of his wife, Mari Salome, Philipp Jacob married Maria Christina Schaufler (born about 1741, died January 27, 1790) on August 11, 1789 in Scherzheim. They had no known children. After the death of second wife Maria Christina, Philipp Jacob married Walburga Weiler on November 17, 1790. They also had no known children.
- 5. Hans Mathias, born January 7, 1741, died November 27, 1794, who married Maria Anna Lichtenißen (unknown if related) on April 11, 1769 in Scherzheim and had 9 known children:
- a. Anna Maria, born March 21, 1770
- b. Johann Mathias, born March 12, 1771, died June 04, 1787
- c. Georg, born December 17, 1772
- d. Christina, born July 08, 1774
- e. Jacob, born October 10, 1775
- f. Maria Magdalena, born November 12, 1776
- g. David, born August 13, 1779
- h. Maria Magdalena, born February 28, 1781, died December 23, 1831, who married
- her 4th cousin, Matthias Haas (born December 16, 1780, died January 29, 1806),
- son of Matthias Haas and Maria Christina Rohr, on April 25, 1803 in Scherzheim
- i. Philipp Jacob, born March 07, 1783
- 6. Salome, born February 11, 1742, died June 10, 1791, who married her 2nd cousin,
- once removed, Johann Georg Herrmann (born July 12, 1749, died March 17, 1814) on
- September 27, 1774 in Scherzheim and had 1 known child: Johann Georg, born
- October 03, 1785, died December 14, 1810.
- 7. Johannes, born June 19, 1748, died August 06, 1748
Eva Salome Waffenschmidt's Parents
Johannes Waffenschmidt was born about 1701 in Bodersweir, Baden, Germany, and died July 17, 1764 in Scherzheim. He was a day-laborer.
Katherina Barbara Kah was born January 21, 1706 in Lichtenau and died January 19, 1754 in Scherzheim. Katherina and Johannes were married January 16, 1731 in Lichtenau. Johannes and Katharina had 3 other known children:
- 1. Hans Ludwig, born April 13, 1733
- 2. Esther Catharina, born June 29, 1739
- 3. Catharina Barbara, born August 14, 1743
Katherina Elisabetha Bürckel's Parents
- Michael Bürckel was born July 17, 1681 in Kehl, Baden. Katharina's mother was Anna Maria Westermann. They were married November 14, 1719 in Kehl, Baden. Michael was apparently married before Katharina, to Agnes (last name unknown) on January 16, 1713. She apparently died before 1719.
- Matthias Rieber's Parents
- Hanß Rieber, born about 1683, died January 23, 1732, and Salome Kautz (unknown if related). They had 1 other known child: Johann Jacob, born October 27, 1728.
Maria Catharina Schaufler's Parents
Her father was Hans Georg Schaufler.
Generation 6 (3rd Great Grandparents)
Johann Jakob (1701) Kautz's Parents
Jakob Kautz was born November 26, 1676 in Scherzheim, and died December 30, 1733 in Scherzheim.
- Anna Hilpold was born about 1672 in Switzerland, one of three ancestors giving the Haas bloodline Swiss ancestry. She died November 3, 1735. Anna and Jakob were married July 25, 1700 in Lichtenau. See chapter 12 for Swiss ancestry.
Katharina Lichteysen's Parents
Katharina's father was Georg Lichteysen, born about 1664 and died February 11, 1743 in Scherzheim. He was a day-laborer. He is referred to in the church death record as "the old spent villager and day laborer in Scherzheim". He also had 2 known sons:
- 1. Hans Georg, who married Anna Maria Hormit(born about 1703, died September 11,
- 1735) on March 16, 1734. After the death of his first wife, sometime before 1736, he
- married Maria Magdalena Schopfarr, daughter of Georg Schopfarr, on May 15, 1736
- and had 1 known child: Maria Salome, born April 19, 1737, died 1797.
- 2. Michael, who married Anna Margaretha Meyer on July 30, 1726.
Johann Jacob (1697) Hänsel's Parents
Johannes Hänsel was born February 24, 1659 in Helmlingen, and died November 3, 1731 in Scherzheim. He was an innkeeper and also referred to as Hans.
Anna Maria König was born August 2, 1663 in Scherzheim and died October 31, 1744. Anna and Johannes were married February 16, 1686 in Lichtenau. Hans and Anna Maria had 8 other known children:
- 1. Anna Maria, born December 21, 1686, who married Georg Stephen on November 16, 1686 in Scherzheim and had 12 known children:
- a. Niclaus, born November 29, 1707, died April 27, 1735
- b. Maria Catharina, born October 28, 1709, died June 24, 1735
- c. Georg, born October 25, 1711
- d. Maria Magdalena, born September 11, 1713
- e. Christina, born January 16, 1715, died November 30, 1781, who married Johann
- Michael Stengel (born January 27, 1715, died May 17, 1781) on February 21, 1740
- in Grauelsbaum, Baden and had 1 known child: Johann Michael, born February
- 14, 1742, died October 18, 1762.
- f. Anna Salome, born April 22, 1718
- g. Johann Georg, born January 02, 1719, died January 02, 1726
- h. Johan Adam, born July 16, 1723, died July 16, 1730
- i. Maria Dorothea, born July 11, 1725, died July 25, 1725
- j. Hanß Adam, born January 02, 1726
- k. Maria Margaretha, born January 02, 1726, died August 29, 1727
- l. Maria Eva, born July 11, 1729
- 2. Johannes, born January 16, 1689, died 1739, who married Salome Schoch (born about 1689, died June 07, 1750) on October 08, 1715 in Scherzheim.
- 3. Johann Jacob, born January 31, 1692
- 4. Hans Adam, born 1693, died July 17, 1751, who married Anna Maria Weyler (born
- November 16, 1698, died March 13, 1764) in March 1718 in Scherzheim and had 6
- known children:
- a. Maria Catharina, born October 13, 1720, who married her 2nd cousin, Johannes
- Schoch (born August 17, 1723, died June 28, 1805) on November 22, 1757 in
- Scherzheim. She apparently died before 1760.
- b. Anna Maria, born July 07, 1723, died February 1795, who married her 2nd cousin,
- Johannes Zimmer (born July 31, 1719, died March 05, 1780) on May 23, 1752 in
- c. Johann Adam, born February 05, 1727, died August 03, 1753, who married his 2nd
- cousin, Eva Maria Pfeiffer (born December 12, 1724, died 1802) on February 13,
- 1753 in Scherzheim.
- d. Susanna Margaretha, born March 08, 1729, died March 25, 1803, who married her
- 2nd cousin and brother-in-law after the death of her sister Anna Maria, Johannes
- Zimmer (born July 31, 1719, died March 05, 1780) on January 29, 1760 and had 4
- known children:
- 1) Hanß Martin, born November 09, 1760, died September 30, 1804
- 2) Johann Jacob, born March 26, 1763, died June 28, 1805, who married
- Katharina Salome Dietrich (born September 18, 1775, died November 23,
- 1823) on November 16, 1792 in Scherzheim and had 1 known child: Sophia
- Dorothea, born about 1795, died February 01, 1804.
- 3) Johannes, born June 27, 1765, died September 30, 1804
- 4) Maria Salome, born March 04, 1768, died January 10, 1845
- e. Johann Daniel, born December 18, 1732, died October 04, 1795, who married his
- 2nd and 3rd cousin, Maria Salome Zimmer (born February 24, 1734, died
- February 29, 1768) in 1755 in Scherzheim and had 3 known children:
- 1) Johann Adam, born March 23, 1760, died April 01, 1797, who married
- Veronica Wahl (born December 14, 1756, died December 06, 1831) on
- November 15, 1785 in Muckenschopf, Baden, and had 3 known children:
- a) Johann Jacob, born September 13, 1786, died June 08, 1787
- b) Christian, born May 20, 1789, who married Eva Katharina Rohr (born
- March 02, 1786, died June 17, 1824) on March 17, 1813 in
- Scherzheim and had 4 known children:
- 1. Maria Magdalena, born January 18, 1814
- 2. Christian, born June 04, 1816, who married Maria Magdalena
- Frey on November 09, 1841 in Memprechtshofen, Baden and
- had 1 known child: Friedrich, born April 21, 1842, who
- married Barbara Schwartz (born January 30, 1842) on August
- 30, 1869 in Kane, IL, USA. They had 9 known children:
- a. Barbara, born 1869
- b. Friedrich, born 1871
- c. Louis, born 1873
- d. Minnie, born December 1875
- e. Adilina, born 1877
- f. William, born July 1878
- g. Albert, born August 1880
- h. Ordolph, born July 1882
- i. Arnold, born July 1882
- 3. Susanna Katharina, born July 26, 1819
- 4. Sophia Dorothea, born December 22, 1821
- After Eva Katharina's death in 1824, Christian remarried to Anna Maria Stengel on February 01, 1825 in Lichtenau and had 3 more known children:
- 1. Anna Barbara, born April 04, 1826
- 2. Katharina Salome, born April 26, 1829
- 3. Friedrich, born January 31, 1836
- c) Eva Magdalena, born April 15, 1793 died December 03, 1871, who
- married Jacob Fritz (born May 12, 1786, died January 17, 1858) on
- March 01, 1815 in Muckenschopf, Baden and had 6 known children
- (all born in Muckenschopf):
- 1. Eva Magdalena, born November 19, 1816
- 2. Katharina, born December 15, 1819, died September 20, 1908
- 3. Maria Salome, born October 07, 1822, died September 05, 1863
- 4. Jacob, born March 28, 1825, died April 10, 1833
- 5. Phillip, born September 20, 1827, died April 01, 1832
- 6. Carolina, born April 07, 1830, died December 18, 1906
- 2) Eva Salome, born October 06, 1764, died July 06, 1840, who married Johann
- Jacob Bertsch (born December 10, 1765) (unknown if related) on November
- 24, 1789 in Scherzheim, and had 4 known children:
- a) Christian, born December 14, 1790, who married Christina Herrmann.
- For their descendants, see earlier entry for Christina under "Eva
- Susanna Stumpf's Parents".
- b) Jacob, born October 21, 1792
- c) Maria Salome, born January 27, 1795
- d) Magdalena, born February 12, 1798
- 3) Maria Magdalena, born November 08, 1767
- After Maria Salome's death in 1768, Johann Daniel married Eva Magdalena Schiele (born August 30, 1744, died January 14, 1810) on April 21, 1768 in Scherzheim and had 5 more children:
- 1) Johann Georg, born April 01, 1770, died February 08, 1771
- 2) Johann Georg, born December 19, 1771, died January 16, 1772
- 3) Christian, born December 25, 1773, who married Anna Maria Kienst (born
- September 25, 1765, died November 20, 1854) on May 15, 1798 in
- Scherzheim and had 4 known children:
- a) Christian, born February 18, 1799, died August 12, 1800
- b) Christian, born December 22, 1800, who married his 4th cousin, Anna
- Maria Kientz (born October 06, 1798, died May 19, 1867) on March
- 11, 1828 in Scherzheim.
- c) Anna Maria, born March 28, 1803, died February 06, 1841
- d) Jacob, born March 15, 1805
- 4) Anna Maria, born March 13, 1776, who married Jacob Kientz (born March 13,
- 1767, died December 21, 1839) on January 16, 1798 in Scherzheim.
- 5) Eva Catharina, born May 03, 1780, who married her first cousin, Johannes
- Hänsel (born November 01, 1768, died August 24, 1851) and had 7 known
- a) Magdalena
- b) Christian, born February 01, 1800, died July 21, 1800
- c) Johannes, born July 15, 1802, died July 03, 1864, who married Salome
- Zimpfer (unknown if related) on July 24, 1845 in Scherzheim.
- d) Jacob, born December 11, 1804, died October 05, 1843
- e) Johann Gottfried, born August 24, 1810, died November 20, 1880,
- who married Carolina Wahl (born August 08, 1831) on October 30,
- 1851 in Scherzheim
- f) Christian, born October 05, 1812
- g) Sophia Dorothea, born September 23, 1817, died April 06, 1891
- f. Johann Gottfried, born August 8, 1737, died April 10, 1809, who married Maria Salome Wahl (born February 08, 1741) and had 4 known children:
- 1) Johannes, born November 01, 1768, died August 24, 1851, who married his
- first cousin, Eva Catharina Hänsel (born May 03, 1780) ) and had 7 known
- a) Magdalena
- b) Christian, born February 01, 1800, died July 21, 1800
- c) Johannes, born July 15, 1802, died July 03, 1864, who married Salome
- Zimpfer (unknown if related) on July 24, 1845 in Scherzheim.
- d) Jacob, born December 11, 1804, died October 05, 1843
- e) Johann Gottfried, born August 24, 1810, died November 20, 1880,
- who married Carolina Wahl (born August 08, 1831) on October 30,
- 1851 in Scherzheim
- f) Christian, born October 05, 1812
- g) Sophia Dorothea, born September 23, 1817, died April 06, 1891
- 2) Anna Maria, born February 21, 1772
- 3) Salome, born August 08, 1776
- 4) Heinrich, born April 15, 1783, died August 03, 1793
- 5. Johann Georg, born April 15, 1696
- 6. Maria Magdalena, born October 21, 1700, died March 26, 1713
- 7. Catharina, born April 2, 1702, died December 03, 1778, who married Martin Meyer (born 1762, died July 18, 1862) on April 28, 1722 and had 5 known children:
- a. Maria Margaretha, born September 07, 1725, died November 26, 1797
- b. Johann Friedrich, born March 05, 1728, died November 30, 1800
- c. Maria Catharina, born June 12, 1731, who married her 2nd cousin, Johann Mathias
- Zimmer (born December 26, 1722, died September 21, 1767) on November 28,
- 1758 in Helmlingen and had 1 known child: Katharina Salome, born December
- 08, 1766, died November 27, 1816, who married Johann Jacob Kreß (born about
- 1764) on January 30, 1789 in Helmlingen and had 4 known children:
- 1) Dorothe, born October 19, 1790, died 1796
- 2) Catharina Salome, born December 19, 1792, died December 10, 1850
- 3) Johann Jacob, born August 26, 1802, died April 09, 1874, who married
- Elisabetha Kreß (born May 21, 1808, died March 23, 1887) on October 18,
- 1827 in Helmlingen and had 3 known children:
- a) Salome, born March 10, 1828, died January 25, 1924, who married
- who married his 5th cousin, Michael Wurtz (born October 25, 1825,
- died after 1900) on December 23, 1849 in Lichtenau and had 5 known
- a. Salomea, born 1850
- b. Louie, born 1858
- c. Mary, born 1864
- d. Katherine, born 1867
- e. Annie, born 1869
- b) Johann Jacob, born May 10, 1832
- c) Maria Magdalena, born August 18, 1833
- 4) Christian, born June 16, 1805, died 1872, who married Christina Wahl on April 21, 1831 in Lichtenau and had 6 known children:
- a) Christian, born May 19, 1831
- b) Christina, born October 18, 1832
- c) Katharina, born January 20, 1837
- d) Johann Jacob, born January 25, 1841
- e) Sophia Carolina, born January 30, 1843
- f) Johann Phillip, born February 25, 1845
- d. Maria Salome, born June 15, 1740
- e. Johannes, born June 24, 1744, died July 19, 1822
- 8. Mathias, born December 11, 1705, who married Maria Salome Bertsch (born October
- 11, 1706) (unknown if related) on June 03, 1732 in Scherzheim, and had 9 known
- a. Johann Karl, born April 03, 1733, died April 03, 1793, who married his 2nd cousin,
- Maria Salome Zimmer (born November 07, 1731) on February 11, 1755 in
- Scherzheim and had 8 known children:
- 1) Matthias, born January 06, 1756, died February 21, 1828, who married Eva
- Katharina Rohr (born October 07, 1756, died November 29, 1832) on June
- 08, 1779 in Scherzheim and had 4 known children:
- a) Mathias, born September 06, 1780, died January 18, 1864, who married
- Anna Maria Meier (born January 21, 1783, died May 05, 1824) on
- February 05, 1805 in Scherzheim and had 5 known children:
- 1. Matthias, who married Anna Maria Bertsch (unknown if
- related) on May 15, 1840 in Scherzheim.
- 2. Carl, born February 26, 1805, died February 23, 1806
- 3. Jacob, born April 10, 1814, died March 10, 1890
- 4. Johannes, born January 16, 1819, died January 1871, who
- married Margaretha Salome Bertsch (unknown if related) on
- November 29, 1842 in Scherzheim.
- 5. Susanna Katharina, born March 01, 1821, died March 14, 1871,
- who married Jacob Kautz (unknown if related) on October 24,
- 1843 in Scherzheim.
- b) Christina, born March 12, 1785, died January 07, 1801
- c) Carl, born January 15, 1792, died September 09, 1793
- d) Katharina Barbara, born about 1795, died April 02, 1808
- 2) Maria Salome, born August 10, 1758
- 3) Maria Veronica, born April 17, 1760, died January 08, 1795, who married
- Niclaus Kautz (born October 25, 1753, died June 19, 1819, both in
- Muckenschopf) (unknown if related) on June 08, 1779 in Muckenschopf and
- had 4 known children:
- a) Maria Salome, born June 11, 1780, died January 26, 1852, who married
- Christian Schoch (born January 02, 1778, died November 19, 1846)
- (unknoiwn if related) on July 02, 1799 in Muckenschopf and had 4
- known children:
- 1. Christian, born March 02, 1800, died January 06, 1882
- 2. Johann Jacob, born March 07, 1802, who married Christina
- Kautz on January 22, 1833 in Scherzheim and had 1 known
- child: Christina, born May 01, 1833, who married her 3rd and
- 4th cousin once removed, Michael Hänsel, (born December 13,
- 1828) on June 10, 1856 in Scherzheim.
- 3. Maria Salome, born about 1807, died July 24, 1809
- 4. Eva Katharina, born February 21, 1809, died February 27, 1815
- b) Christina, born May 18, 1782
- c) Nicolaus, born October 21, 1783
- d) Johann Karl, born May 26, 1786
- 4) Susanna Catharina, born April 01, 1763, died December 24, 1815, who
- married Jacob Weber (born August 02, 1760) on November 18, 1783 in
- Scherzheim and had 2 known children:
- a) Anna Christina, born February 05, 1786, died June 11, 1851, who
- married Johann Michael Schoch (born April 04, 1785, died May 18,
- 1859) (unknown if related) on November 22, 1808 in Scherzheim and
- had 5 known children:
- 1. Susanna Catharina, born August 31, 1809
- 2. Jacob, born July 26, 1812, died June 21, 1890, who married
- Julianna Kautz (born February 11, 1820) (unknown if related)
- on July 27, 1845 in Scherzheim.
- 3. Katharina Barbara, born November 05, 1814, died January 24, 1860
- 4. Maria Salome, born February 02, 1817, who married Christian
- Kientz on December 15, 1842 in Scherzheim.
- 5. Johann Michael, born June 12, 1820, died January 15, 1893, who
- married Catharina Kientz (born August 28, 1828) on June 07, 1853
- in Scherzheim.
- b) Jakob, born February 28, 1794, died January 01, 1844, who married
- Anna Maria Zimmerman (born about 1799, died March 07, 1867) on
- September 09, 1818 and had 2 known children:
- 1. Christian, born April 02, 1820, died December 18, 1899, who
- married Elisabetha Febrey (born January 29, 1815, died
- December 18, 1874) on July 14, 1850 in Scherzheim and had 5
- known children:
- a. Caroline, died April 14, 1898, who married Carl Zimmer
- and had 7 known children:
- 1) Friedrich
- 2) Caroline
- 3) Luise
- 4) Katherina
- 5) Mina
- 6) Jakob
- 7) Karl, born February 02, 1876
- b. Elisabetha, born July 31, 1850, who married her 5th,
- 6th, and 7th cousin, Friedrich Ludwig. For their
- descendants, see the previous chapter under "Eva Susanna
- Stumpf's Parents under Frederick Ludwig.
- c. Magdelena, born November 02, 1853, died October 29,
- 1939 in Hechingen, Germany
- d. Christine, born February 14, 1855, who married Jacob
- Kientz on February 06, 1879, and had 5 known children:
- 1) Elisabeth, died February 24, 1961
- 2) Sophie
- 3) Friedrich, born January 30, 1881, died October 14, 1973
- 4) Jakob, born August 12, 1882, died January 02, 1965
- 5) Alfred, born February 14, 1887, died October 13, 1972
- e. Katharina, born December 19, 1856, who married Christian
- Kapp (born 1863) on June 10, 1885, in Scherzheim and had 1
- known child: August, born December 22, 1886, died March
- 08, 1959
- 2. Karoline, born November 02, 1834
- 5) Johann Jacob, born August 17, 1765
- 6) Catharina Barbara, born November 13, 1767
- 7) Christian, born February 22, 1771, died May 05, 1823, who married his 2nd
- and 3rd cousin, Anna Maria Schoch (born November 21, 1770, died September
- 27, 1842) on June 19, 1793 in Scherzheim and had 4 known children:
- a) Jacob, born January 20, 1795, died June 15, 1815
- b) Susanna Katharina, born February 15, 1799
- c) Maria Salome, born July 13, 1802, died 1874
- d) Karolina, born July 09, 1810, died August 12, 1849
- 8) Anna Christina, born February 08, 1775
- b. Catharina Susanna, born April 14, 1735, died October 10, 1737
- c. Johannes, born March 19, 1736, died May 21, 1737
- d. Maria Salome, born February 11, 1739, died March 4, 1739
- e. Christian, born August 06, 1740, died October 10, 1740
- f. Eva Salome, born March 02, 1742, died June 08, 1742
- g. Matthias, born August 13, 1743, died March 03, 1744
- h. Johann Jacob, born January 30, 1744, died March 26, 1745
- i. Johann Adam, born September 24, 1746
Anna Margaretha Waag's Parents
Hans Jakob Waag was born September 11, 1670 in Scherzheim and died March 5, 1736 in Scherzheim. He was a blacksmith.
Maria Wolf was born about 1679 in Kurzenhausen, Alsatia, Germany, and died April 15, 1752 in Scherzheim. Anna and Hans were married May 11, 1703 in Helmlingen and had 5 other known children:
- 1. Johann Martin, born February 17, 1704, who married Anna Catharina Briest (born about 1693) and had 4 known children:
- a. Maria Salome, born April 07, 1726
- b. Anna Catharina, born January 22, 1730
- c. Johann Martin, born November 28, 1735
- d. Maria Christina, born September 30, 1738, died April 7, 1739
- 2. Maria, born November 2, 1710, died July 23, 1714
- 3. Johannes, born January 14, 1713, died May 18, 1714
- 4. Johann Jacob, born December 12, 1715, who married Anna Salomea (last name unreadable) on August 22, 1737 in Lichtenau and had 2 known children:
- a. Anna Maria, born September 14, 1738.
- b. Hanß Georg, born July 8, 1740
- 5. Johann Paul, born February 25, 1720
Johannes Waffenschmidt's Parents
Johannes's father was Phillippus Waffenschmidt who was born in September 30, 1661 in Bodersweier, Baden, Germany and died April 24, 1719. Johannes's mother was Barbara Hemler. She was born about 1664 and died October 29, 1717. Philippus and Barbara were married in July 1688. She was 2 apparently months pregnant. Besides Johannes, they had at least 3 other children:
- 1. Michael, born September 29, 1689. In his baptism record, it is written: "Born only 29
- weeks after the wedding, the child was fully developed."
- 2. Philippus, born February, 1692 1. , who married Catharina Körbel on January 18, 1719
- in Bodersweier and had 3 known children:
- a. Johannes, born March, 1720
- b. Barbara, born August 23, 1723
- c. Philippus, born February, 1725
- 3. Barbara, born March, 1700 1. who married Hans Michael Lalder on June 22, 1728 in
Katharina Barbara Kah's Parents
Mathias Kah was born December 18, 1664 in Lichtenau and died October 24, 1727 in Lichtenau. Mathias was a blacksmith.
Maria Eva Bertschy (later spelled "Bertsch") was born October 28, 1672 in Lichtenau and died March 13, 1748 in Lichtenau. Maria and Mathias were married June 23, 1695 in Lichtenau. They had 6 other known children:
- 1. Maria Eva, born September 13, 1696, died 1752
- 2. Mathias, born July 4, 1700, died October 6, 1704
- 3. Maria Barbara, born April 26, 1699, died May 16, 1699
- 4. Mathias, born January 27, 1705, died February 9, 1705
- 5. Maria Magdalena, born October 11, 1708, died March 07, 1752
- 6. Maria Catharina, born June 14, 1714, died 1714
- 7. Johann Ludwig, born October 2, 1715, died April 12, 1753
- 8. Unnamed boy, born and died January 14, 1719
Michael Bürckel's Parents
Valentin Bürckel of Kehl, Baden, who was born about 1648 and died May 2, 1682, and Magdalena, last name unknown. They were married in Kehl on February 21, 1676.
Anna Maria Westermann's Parents
Georg Westermann was a wagon maker, possibly from Obermoding.
Generation (4th Great Grandparents)
Jakob (1676) Kautz Parents
Jakob Kautz. Jakob also had a previous wife - Maria Scherer, born about 1607, married September 3, 1663, and died September 9, 1672. It is unknown if they had any children.
Maria Ritter died March 6, 1709 in Scherzheim. Maria and Jakob were married June 25, 1673 in Lichtenau. Maria is referred to as "the old widow Kautz of Scherzheim" in the church death record. Her birth date is unknown. They had 3 other known children:
1. Johann Martin, born March 15, 1674, who married Catharina Schmidt, daughter of Samuel Schmidt, on August 2, 1701 in Scherzheim and had 1 known child: Jacob, born August 9, 1702, died 1762.
After the birth of Jacob in 1702, there were two families with the names Johann Martin Kautz and Catharina having babies and it is impossible to determine which family was having which babies, but, as both families are related to me, I will list the births after Jacob in both places:
2. Johann Adam, born September 26, 1680, died December 23, 17433. Anna Maria, born January 1, 1684, died September, 1689
- a. Maria Magdalena, born September 6, 1704, died March 19, 1713
- b. Veronica, born March 29, 1708, died October 25, 1783, who married widower
- Hanß Kautz (born December 8, 1698, died March 29, 1767) (unknown if related)
- on June 26, 1731 in Scherzheim and had 2 known children:
- 1) Maria Magdalena, born October 08, 1736, died May 20, 1802
- 2) Johann Philipp, born April 30, 1742
There were two couples named "Jacob Kautz and Maria" having children at this time, the above Jacob Kautz/Maria Ritter and Jacob Kautz/Maria Hänsel. Both Jacobs are related to me, so there is no doubt that all of their children are still related to me. Jacob and Maria Ritter were married in 1673, so the three children born between 1674 1680 to "Jacob Kautz and Maria" were definitely theirs. Jacob Kautz and Maria Hänsel were married in 1681, so the three children born after that date, 1682 1684, are questionable as to which parents they belong to. As I can find no death record for Johann Adam, born to Kautz/Ritter in 1680, I can safely say that Johann Adam, born in 1684 belongs to Kautz/Hänsel. That leaves Johann Jacob and Anna Maria. The timing of Johann Jacob's birth, 10 months after the marriage of Kautz/Hänsel, is perfect for being their first child, so I have "assigned" him to this pair of parents. As luck would have it, even though Anna Maria and Johann Adam were both born in 1684, they were born 9 months and 13 days apart, so technically, they could be siblings. However, with the timing so close, it is very unlikely. Therefore, I have "assigned" Anna Maria to the parents Kautz/Ritter.
Johannes Hänsel's Parents
Mathias Hänsel was born about 1624 and died September 22, 1690 in Helmlingen. Mathias was a boatman.
Johannes's mother was Maria (last name unknown), born about 1627 and died March 19, 1703 in Offendorf, Alsatia, Germany. Their marriage date is unknown, but they had 9 other known children:
- 1. Mathias, born February 2, 1651, died November 16, 1732, who married Maria Zimpfer
- (born June 13, 1652, died November 12, 1681) on October 5, 1680 in Helmlingen and
- had 1 known child: Maria, born November 06, 1681, died January 15, 1682. After the
- death of Maria, Matthias married Magdalena Kautz (born March 06, 1653) (unknown
- if related), daughter of Claus Kautz, on November 15, 1682 and had 6 known
- a. Anna Maria, born August 15, 1683, died November 22, 1689
- b. Margaretha, born April 12, 1685, died November 27, 1689
- c. Catharina, born September 08, 1687, died May, 1724
- d. Salome (twin), born July 27, 1690, died March 10, 1761, who married Niclaus
- Zimmer (born July 22, 1683, died February 17, 1771) (unknown if related) on May
- 01, 1714 in Muckenschopf and had 10 known children:
- 1) Maria Salome, born April 10, 1715, died June 21, 1719
- 2) Maria Magdalena, born October 07, 1716, died September 26, 1751
- 3) Johannes, born July 31, 1719, died March 05, 1780, who married his 2nd
- cousin, Anna Maria Hänsel (born July 07, 1723, died February 1795) on May
- 23, 1752 in Scherzheim.
- 4) Mathias, born December 16, 1721, died January 24, 1722
- 5) Jacob, born November 30, 1722
- 6) Margaretha, born August 10, 1724, died October 27, 1788, who married Hans
- Michael Zimpfer (died December 03, 1771) on October 25, 1746 in
- 7) Nicklaus, born November 29, 1726, died December 09, 1726
- 8) Johann Adam, born March 16, 1728, died March 26, 1728
- 9) Christian, born July 10, 1729, who married Maria Salome Zimmer (born
- February 17, 1731, died February 29, 1768) (unknown if related) on November
- 21, 1752 in Muckenschopf. They had 2 known children:
- a) Nicolaus, born August 25, 1753
- b) Maria Salome, born November 18, 1756
- 10) Anna Catharina, born October 13, 1731, died April 03, 1732
- e. Magdalena (twin), born and died July 27, 1690
- f. Magdalena, born July 05, 1693, died Septemebr 10, 1693
- g. Anna Barbara, born March 25, 1698, died March 16, 1762, who married Jacob
- Zimmer (born January 06, 1698, died March 18, 1760) (related through the König
- family) on February 17, 1721 in Helmlingen and had 7 known children:
- 1) Johann Mathias, born December 26, 1722, died September 21, 1767, who
- married his 2nd cousin, Maria Catharina Meyer (born June 12, 1731) on
- November 28, 1758 in Helmlingen. For their descendant's, see earlier in this
- chapter under "Johann Jacob (1697) Hänsel's Parents"
- 2) Johann Jacob, born January 24, 1724, died October 25, 1793, who married his
- 1st cousin, Maria Salome Stöß ( born August 07, 1727, died May 10, 1761),
- daughter of his father's sister Maria Magdalena, on January 06, 1750 in
- Muckenschopf and had 4 known children:
- a) Maria Salome, born October 19, 1751, died January 23, 1814
- b) Eva Magdalena, born December 08, 1752, died March 03, 1798
- c) Johann Jacob, born September 09, 1754, died February 09, 1820
- d) Anna Barbara, born December 15, 1755
- 3) Maria Salome, born October 18, 1725, died January 04, 1726
- 4) Nicklaus, born January 23, 1729, died July 19, 1756
- 5) Margaretha Magdalena, born February 05, 1732, died July 27, 1732
- 6) Johann Ludwig, born January 05, 1735
- 7) Johann Michael, born September 9, 1738, died 1793
- 2. Maria, born April 2, 1653, died April 23, 1731, who married Jakob Kautz (born
- September 16, 1653, died August 22, 1724) (unknown if related) on October 30, 1681
- in Helmlingen and had 3 known children:
- a. Johann Jacob, born August 13, 1682, died April 06, 1749, who married Anna
- Catharina Stoß (born November 04, 1687 ) (unknown if related) on April 21,
- 1711 and had 5 known children:
- 1) Maria Catharina, born February 02, 1712, who married Philipp Jacob Juion,
- son of Jacob Juion, on November 20, 1731 in Scherzheim and had 1 known
- child: Anna Catharina Dorothea, born July 18, 1732, died July 20, 1732
- 2) Johann Daniel, born August 17, 1714, died July 09, 1784, who married Maria
- Margaretha Schoch (born May 05, 1721, died October 13, 1793) unknown if
- related) on November 29, 1741 in Scherzheim.
- 3) Margaretha Susanna, born March 14, 1716
- 4) Johann Jacob, born July 20, 1721, died June 24, 1785
- 5) Catharina Dodothea, born November 16, 1725
- b. Johann Adam, born September 14, 1684, died July 23, 1750, who married Susanna
- Catharina Stirn on May 12, 1716 in Helmlingen and had 9 known children:
- 1) Johann Ludwig, born February 25, 1719, died March 29, 1720
- 2) Louisa Elisabetha, born January 26, 1722, died 1794
- 3) Maria Catharina, born September 24, 1723, died October 08, 1723
- 4) Catharina Magdalena, born November 06, 1724, died May 25, 1725
- 5) Johann Adam, born October 10, 1726, died October 08, 1762
- 6) Sophia Salome, born December 18, 1728, died June 24, 1750, who married
- Johann Jacob Jager.
- 7) Susanna Catharina, born July 21, 1731, died March 07, 1824, who married
- Johann Jacob Blum (born July 23, 1725, died November 16, 1772) on
- November 03, 1751 in Scherzheim.
- 8) Juliana Margaretha, born September 28, 1733, died October 16, 1733
- 9) Friedrich, Christian, born June 02, 1736
- c. Magdalena, born February 14, 1686, died April 3, 1747, who married Georg
- Schindal on March 1, 1729 in Scherzheim.
- d. Johannes, born May 5, 1689, died 1689
- There were two couples named "Jacob Kautz and Maria" having children at this time, the above and Jacob Kautz/Maria Ritter. Both Jacobs are related to me, so there is no doubt that all of their children are still related to me. Jacob and Maria Ritter were married in 1673, so the three children born between 1674 1680 to "Jacob Kautz and Maria" were definitely theirs. Jacob Kautz and Maria Hänsel were married in 1681, so the three children born after that date, 1682 1684, are questionable as to which parents they belong to. As I can find no death record for Johann Adam, born to Kautz/Ritter in 1680, I can safely say that Johann Adam, born in 1684 belongs to Kautz/Hänsel. That leaves Johann Jacob and Anna Maria. The timing of Johann Jacob's birth, 10 months after the marriage of Kautz/Hänsel, is perfect for being their first child, so I have "assigned" him to this pair of parents. As luck would have it, even though Anna Maria and Johann Adam were both born in 1684, they were born 9 months and 13 days apart, so technically, they could be siblings. However, with the timing so close, it is very unlikely. Therefore, I have "assigned" Anna Maria to the parents Kautz/Ritter.
- 3. Nicklaus, born September 28, 1656, died April 14, 1729, who married Margaretha
- Keck (born September 19, 1658, died June 16, 1715) on November 15, 1682 and had
- 5 known children:
- a. Johannes, born July 12, 1684
- b. Jacob, born August 27, 1687
- c. Nicklaus, born December 15, 1689, died September 16, 1775, who married Maria
- Magdalena Pfeiffer (Maria Magdalena Konig's second child) (born June 18, 1695
- and died January 28, 1775, both in Helmlingen) on November 19, 1715. For their
- descendants, see the next section "Anna maria König's Parents", under Maria
- Magdalena Pfeiffer.
- d. Mathias, born October 28, 1697, died January 26, 1771, who married Maria Hauß
- (born November 09, 1690 in Muckenschopf, died January 29, 1723) on January
- 29, 1715 in Helmlingen and had 4 known children:
- 1) Maria Margaretha, born November 02, 1715, died October 15, 1733
- 2) Johann Adam, born September 26, 1717, died November 08, 1717
- 3) Maria Salome, born September 26, 1718
- 4) Johann Jacob, born February 23, 1722, died February 24, 1802, who married
- Christina Schoch (born January 26, 1721) (unknown if related) on August 25,
- 1745 in Helmlingen and had 7 known children:
- a) Hanß Jacob, born December 19, 1746
- b) Christina, born October 01, 1748, died November 29, 1815, who
- married Philipp Henkele on October 02, 1797 in Scherzheim.
- c) Maria Salome, born March 31, 1752, died November 26, 1772
- d) Hanß Mathias, born January 28, 1754, died October 24, 1813, who
- married Maria Magdalena Heyd (born January 27, 1759, died January
- 06, 1796) on February 13, 1781 in Scherzheim and had 5 known
- 1. Johann Jacob, born October 10, 1781
- 2. Matthias, born March 27, 1783
- 3. Anna Maria, born April 22, 1784, died April 02, 1862, who
- married Friedrich Kautz (born January 10, 1781 , died January
- 13, 1856) (unknown if related) on September 11, 1804 in
- Scherzheim and had 7 known children:
- a. Anna Maria Salome, born March 18, 1811, died November 27, 1871
- b. Christian, born November 13, 1812, died November 20, 1812
- c. Jacob, born January 29, 1814
- d. Christian, born and died December 23, 1815
- e. Magdalena, born October 22, 1816, died March 28, 1817
- f. Anna Maria, born December 12, 1818, died January 13, 1889
- g. Friedrich, born April 27, 1823, died August 26, 1894
- 4. Christian, born January 14, 1786
- 5. Eva Magdalena, born November 25, 1787, died December 27, 1795
- e) Anna Maria, born October 16, 1756, died August 04, 1819, who
- married Johann Friedrich Kautz (born July 22, 1754 , died April 05,
- 1821) (unknown if related) on November 26, 1788 in Scherzheim and
- had 2 known children:
- 1. Christian, born September 14, 1792, who married Anna Maria
- Pfeiffer (born May 17, 1794). For their descendants, see earlier
- section in this chapter "Eva Susanna Stumpf's Parents", under
- Anna Maria Pfeiffer.
- 2. Anna Maria, born November 26, 1796
- f) Maria Margaretha, born October 04, 1759, died December 03, 1841
- g) Niclaus, born February 14, 1763, died January 01, 1795, who married
- Eva Catharina Weiß (born September 04, 1771 in Memprechtshofen,
- Baden) on May 05, 1789 in Muckenschopf.
- After the death of wife Maria, Matthias remarried to Salome Hauptmann, widow of Hans Hauptmann, on February 8, 1724 and had 1 known child: Johannes, born March 19, 1737.
- e. Anna Barbara, born November 17, 1700
- 4. Anna Margaretha, born November 17, 1661
- 5. Jacob, born January 18, 1663, died April 25, 1714, who married Catharina Zimpfer
- (born April 24, 1666, died September 10, 1721) on January 24, 1692 in Helmlingen
- and had 6 known children:
- a. Anna Catharina, (twin) born August 20, 1694, died August 23, 1694
- b. Anna Maria, (twin) born August 20, 1694, died October 25, 1697
- c. Johann Jacob, born October 14, 1696, died January 31, 1757, who married Anna
- Margaretha Vogel (born October 17, 1697, died October 15, 1778) on November
- 24, 1722 in Helmlingen and had 6 know children:
- 1) Johann Paul, born October 12, 1723, died May 06, 1795, who married Anna
- Maria Martz (born November 16, 1721) on August 31, 1751 in Helmlingen
- and had 4 known children:
- a) Anna Maria, born May 18, 1752, died February 06, 1776, who married
- Johann Jacob Weber (born July 09, 1757) on January 24, 1784 in
- b) Paul, born September 14, 1754
- c) Susanna Margaretha, born December 29, 1756, died February 04, 1818,
- who married Johann Jacob Barth (born June 20, 1764, died October
- 02, 1847) on March 15, 1791 in Helmlingen and had 1 known child:
- Anna Maria, born April 23, 1796. Anna Maria married her 4th cousin,
- Johannes Stauffer (born June 19, 1793, died in USA) on December 07,
- 1815 in Helmlingen and had 10 known children:
- 1. Anna Maria (Barth), born November 23, 1814, died November 27, 1814
- 2. Johann Jacob, born August 31, 1816, died January 02, 1817
- 3. Susanna Katharina, born August 11, 1818, who married her 5th
- cousin Johann Daniel Kautz (born February 10, 1816). For
- their descendants, see previous chapter "Eva Susanna Stumpf's
- Parents", under Johann Daniel Kautz.
- 4. Johann Jacob, born May 13, 1821, who married Christina
- Wurtz (born December 22, 1819) on June 14, 1849 in
- Helmlingen and had 4 known children:
- a. Jacob Wurtz, born September 15, 1847
- b. Eva Christina, born March 24, 1850, died 1921 in W.
- Chicago, IL, who married Johann Michael Rohr (born
- March 02, 1848, died April 11, 1929)
- c. Friedrich, born February 17, 1853, died March 26, 1853
- d. Friedrich, born August 23, 1856
- 5. Johannes, born August 18, 1823, who married Eva Magdalena
- Kautz (unknown if related) on August 22, 1848 in Helmlingen
- and had 1 known child: Christina, born January 10, 1849
- 6. Johann Martin, born December 04, 1825
- 7. Christian, born July 20, 1828, who married Barbara Wurtz
- (born August 19, 1825) (unknown if related) on December 26,
- 1855 in Helmlingen.
- 8. Frederich, born August 31, 1830, who married Christina Wurtz
- (born September 05, 1832) (unknown if related) on October
- 19, 1855 in Helmlingen and had 3 known children:
- a. Christina, born October 28, 1854
- b. Maria Magdalena, born May 19, 1856
- c. Johann Friedrich, born June 15, 1858
- 9. Anna Maria, born November 02, 1833
- 10. Ludwig, born February 05, 1842
- d) Anna Barbara, born April 04, 1762, died February 13, 1763
- 2) Christian, born December 26, 1726, died June 15, 1762, who married Anna
- Barbara Zimmer (born May 27, 1738) on May 31, 1757 in Helmlingen and had
- 3 known children:
- a) Christian, born October 09, 1758, died February 13, 1763
- b) Anna Barbara, born February 25, 1760, died January 07, 1792, who
- married Matthias Lott and had 1 known child: Johann Jacob, who
- married Susanna Catharina Schulmeister (born November 16, 1769,
- died December 10, 1830) on November 19, 1794 in Lichtenau.
- c) Johann Jacob, born July 08, 1761
- 3) Maria Catharina, born December 12, 1729
- 4) Johann Jacob, born November 10, 1734, died June 08, 1739
- 5) Philipp Georg (twin), born March 29, 1738
- 6) Philipp Jacob (twin), born March 29, 1738
- d. Johann Adam, born August 24, 1699, died 1759
- e. Matthias, born August 08, 1702, died March 23, 1713
- f. Christian, born October 15, 1704, died March 25, 1784, who married Dorothea
- Knoßel (born June 1700, died February 08, 1762) on January 16, 1730 in
- Helmlingen and had 5 known children:
- 1) Johann Adam, born October 25, 1731, died January 27, 1797, who married
- Eva Catharina Schiff on November 22, 1763 in Lichtenau and had 3 known
- a) Maria Dorothea, born April 17, 1765, died August 21, 1787
- b) Eva Catharina, born August 17, 1769, died December 26, 1839
- c) Margaretha Salome, born December 11, 1773, died December 29,
- 1847, who married Jakob Veit on March 03, 1801 in Lichtenau.
- 2) Christian, born February 14, 1734, died July 28, 1772, who married Dorothea
- Kirschenmann (born September 12, 1729, died June 02, 1790) on January 20,
- 1761 in Lichtenau and had 3 known children:
- a) Johann Gottfried, born May 23, 1763, died July 31, 1764
- b) Christian, born November 13, 1764, died December 29, 1816, who
- married Maria Magdalena Knoßel on January 14, 1798 in Lichtenau
- and had 7 known children:
- 1. Maria Magdalena, born May 09, 1799, died September 21, 1808
- 2. Catharina Dorothea, born May 12, 1801, died January 13, 1862
- 3. Christian, born July 28, 1803
- 4. Maria Salome, born August 21, 1805
- 5. Johann Georg, born April 28, 1807, died October 15, 1808
- 6. Johann Georg, born October 07, 1809
- 7. Johann Michael, born June 14, 1812
- c) Maria Dorothea, born May 26, 1766, died 1820
- 3) Johann Jacob, born July 10, 1736, died September 12, 1807
- 4) Johann Michael, born December 24, 1738, died August 1770
- 5) Hanß Georg, born June 13, 1742
- 6. Catharina, born April 5, 1665, died February 12, 1666
- 7. Catharina, born February 3, 1666, died January 27, 1745, who married Hanß Martin
- Kautz (born November 01, 1668, died August 19, 1738 ) (unknown if related) on June
- 18, 1695 in Helmlingen and had 4 known children:
- a. Catharina Kautz, born July 12, 1696, died February 26, 1732, who married Adam
- Stengel (born January 1696, died November 22, 1745) on February 10, 1721 in
- Helmlingen and had 5 known children:
- 1) Maria Catharina, born December 01, 1722, died December 25, 1722
- 2) Johann Adam, born January 24, 1724, died February 17, 1763, who married
- Anna Maria Wendelin (born April 11, 1726) on April 14, 1750 in Helmlingen
- and had 1 known child: Johann Adam, born September 30, 1754
- 3) Maria Veronica, born September 24, 1726, died February 19, 1804, who was
- apparently unmarried but had 1 known child: Susanna Catharina, born April
- 09, 1758, died September 22, 1809, who married Johann Adam Stauffer (born
- February 08, 1756, died June 06, 1829) on April 23, 1782 in Helmlingen and
- had 6 known children:
- a) Susanna, died August 28, 1797
- b) Christina, died September 03, 1797
- c) Jacob, born December 01, 1782, died 1800
- d) Johann Adam, born August 25, 1785
- e) Johann Martin, born November 09, 1789
- f) Johannes, born June 19, 1793, who married his 4th cousin, Anna Maria
- Barth. For their descendants, see earlier in this section under "4. Jacob
- 4) Johann Michael, born October 25, 1729, died April 21, 1783
- 5) Johann Jacob, born February 21, 1734, died November 25, 1778, who married
- Veronica Zimpfer on April 22, 1760 in Helmlingen.
- b. Salome, born February 26, 1702
- After the birth of Salome in 1702, there were two families with the names Hans Martin Kautz and Catharina having babies and it is impossible to determine which family was having which babies, but, as both families are related to me, I will list the births after Salome in both places:
- c. Maria Magdalena, born September 6, 1704, died March 19, 1713
- d. Veronica, born March 29, 1708, died October 25, 1783, who married widower
- Hanß Kautz (born December 8, 1698, died March 29, 1767) (unknown if related)
- on June 26, 1731 in Scherzheim and had 2 known children:
- 3) Maria Magdalena, born October 08, 1736, died May 20, 1802
- 4) Johann Philipp, born April 30, 1742
- 8. Heinrich, born October 6, 1670 (twin)
- 9. Magdalena, born October 6, 1670 (twin), died July 3, 1674
Amelia König's and Anna Maria König's Parents
Georg König was born about 1640 and died November 21, 1687 in Scherzheim. He was a juror. In his death record, it states that he was a juror for 25 years and 2 months. As best I can make out, this was a person who sat on a jury to decide guilt or innocence.
Maria Magdalena Schulmeister was born about 1645 and died July 4, 1699 in Muckenschopf, Baden, Germany. Maria and Georg were married September 16, 1662 in Lichtenau. Maria also had a second husband after the death of Georg Jakob Zimmer, who she married June 19, 1688.
George and Maria had 5 other known children, besides Amelia and Anna Maria, which I know of thanks to a distant cousin, Jean Naylor of Colorado, who is a descendant of Amelia König, Anna Maria's sister. The relationships of this family line are the most confusing I have found yet. There was so much intermarrying of the families through the years, that some people actually have 5 relationships to the same person. Not only was there intermarrying between the families of sisters Anna Maria and Amelia König (to produce the 5th cousin relationship between Christian Haas and Margaretha Seidel) but there was also intermarrying between the families of sisters Maria Magdalena and Amelia König, and also between the families of sisters Eva Susanna and Anna Catharina Stumpf! With all seven of these women related as either sisters, aunts, or nieces, the relationships get very interesting. Add to this the fact that Maria Magdalena König was married a second time, and one descendant of this marriage married a descendant of her first marriage, which produces "half relatives", and you can get really confused. I will try to make it as understandable as possible. Other children were:
1. Maria Magdalena König (born August 27, 1665; died January 26, 1728; both in Scherzheim) married Jacob Pfeiffer (born January 17, 1657; died April 16, 1703; both in Scherzheim) on January 24, 1688 in Scherzheim. This was her first marriage. Jacob Pfeiffer's parents were Casper Pfeiffer (died August 19, 1662 in Scherzheim) and Susanna (last name unknown), who were married before 1658. Maria and Jacob had 4 known children:
rd and 4th cousin, and the great
granddaughter of Maria Magdalena Pfeiffer's brother, Casper Pfeiffer.
For their descendants, see Susanna Katharina Pfeiffer earlier in this
b. Johann Jacob, born July 2, 1801 in Helmlingen and died possibly in
f) Maria Salome, born February 8, 1735 in Helmlingen and died December 21, 1789
in Grauelsbaum, Baden, who married Johann Adam Kautz (son of Johann Kautz
and Anna Ludwig) (born May 25, 1724; died February 8, 1765; both in
Grauelsbaum) on October 16, 1753 in Helmlingen. They had 1 child: Maria
Salome, born July 5, 1756 and died April 12, 1809, both in Grauelsbaum, Baden,
who married Daniel Kautz (unknown if related) (born January 4, 1756) on January
27, 1779 in Lichtenau. They had 3 children:
- 1. Casper Pfeiffer, born March 23, 1688 and died December 16, 1741, both in
- Scherzheim. He married Susanna Meyer (born about 1693 and died August 2, 1767,
- both in Scherzheim) on December 8, 1715 in Scherzheim. They had 9 known
- a. Johann Jacob, born March 27, 1716, died November 20, 1768, who married
- Maria Barbara Dietrich (born about 1717, died April 02, 1792), on January 28,
- 1737 in Scherzheim and had 6 known children:
- 1) Catharina Magdalena, born November 30, 1738, died February 17,
- 1790, who married Johann Michael Rohr (born January 10, 1744) on
- November 21, 1769 in Scherzheim and had 2 known children:
- a) Catharina Magdalena, born October 27, 1771
- b) Johann Michael, born October 13, 1774
- 2) Susanna Margaretha, born February 19, 1740, died 1790, who married
- Johannes Hudel on November 15, 1768 in Scherzheim.
- 3) Catharina Barbara, born August 22, 1744, who married Jacob Dietrich.
- 4) Maria Salome, born August 14, 1747, died 1779, who married Matthias
- Kautz (born April 29, 1728, died June 29, 1806 on November 12, 1771
- in Scherzheim.
- 5) Jacob, born June 02, 1754
- 6) Dorothea, born May 04, 1757
- b. Maria Magdalena, born 1718, who married Matthias Bertsch (born November
- 06, 1712) (unknown if related) on January 28, 1737 in Scherzheim and had 2
- known children:
- 1) Johann Jacob Bertsch, born January 13, 1739, died March 20, 1802
- 2) Johannes Bertsch, born May 7, 1741
- c. Johannes, born October 16, 1719, died January 1, 1721
- d. Susanna Catharina, born February 06, 1723, died April 21, 1725
- e. Johann Martin, born December 10, 1724
- f. Johann George, born January 7, 1727 and died February 1, 1794, both in
- Scherzheim. He married his second cousin, Anna Maria Hudel (born September 9, 1723 and died November 22, 1785, both in Scherzheim) on September 21, 1751 in Scherzheim. Anna's parents were Michael Hudel and Anna Catharina Stumpf, sister of Eva Susanna Stumpf. Eva's ancestry is already established earlier in this chapter and so Anna Catharina's ancestry is the same. For their descendants, see the previous chapter under Eva Susanna Stumpf's Parents.
- g. Susanna Margaretha, born August 01, 1728
- h. Andreas, born March 30, 1731, died April 13, 1731
- i. Johann Michael, born June 02, 1734, died October 31, 1794, who married
- Anna Maria Kientz (born January 24, 1744, died January 05, 1797) on August
- 27, 1765 in Scherzheim and had 8 known children:
- 1) Johann Michael, born August 17, 1767, died April 22, 1830, who
- married his 3rd cousin, Susanna Katharina Ludwig (born August 25,
- 1779, died August 22, 1839) on May 30, 1795 in Scherzheim and had
- 7 known children:
- a) Maria Salome, who married Johannes Kientz on May 07, 1822
- in Scherzheim.
- b) Susanna Katharina, born February 17, 1799, died September 24,
- 1832, who married Christian Stengel.
- c) Anna Maria, born September 14, 1800
- d) Magdalena, born April 19, 1804, died December 01, 1875, who
- married Matthias Hänsel on November 27, 1827 in Scherzheim
- and had 1 known child: Michael, born December 13, 1828.
- Michael married his 3rd and 4th cousin once removed,
- Christina Schoch (born May 01, 1833) on June 10, 1856 in
- e) Christina Dorothea, born February 11, 1806, died August 31,
- 1872, who married Andreas Haas on July 07, 1829 in
- f) Louisa, born November 20, 1809
- g) Johann Michael, born February 04, 1813, died February 28,
- 2) Anna Maria, born September 30, 1769, died November 20, 1836, who
- married Johannes Bertsch (born December 26, 1758) on January 29,
- 1788 in Lichtenau and had 2 known children:
- a) Christian, born October 08, 1798, died 1800
- b) Juliana, born February 17, 1801, died July 24, 1833
- 3) Johann Jacob, born July 09, 1772
- 4) Christian, born February 08, 1774
- 5) Susanna Katharina, born October 21, 1775, died March 24, 1837, who
- married her 3rd cousin, Sebastian Ludwig (born January 11, 1777, died
- April 21, 1837) on May 30, 1797 in Lichtenau and had 7 known
- a) Johann Michael, born February 15, 1797, died October 17, 1878
- b) Susanna Katharina, born September 30, 1799, died 1800
- c) Sebastian, born July 14, 1801, died before 1807
- d) Anna Maria, born November 22, 1802
- e) Christina, born April 20, 1805, died July 18, 1806
- f) Sebastian, born June 02, 1807, died October 15, 1852, who
- married his 3rd, 4th, and 5th cousin once removed, Salome
- Bertsch (born January 27, 1821, died April 09, 1873) on
- January 13, 1847. For their descendants, see previous chapter
- under Eva Susanna Stumpf's Parents
- g) Christian, born November 21, 1809, died November 10, 1813
- 6) Veronica, born October 21, 1775, died November 20, 1809, who
- married Jacob Kientz and had 1 known child: Anna Maria, born
- October 06, 1798, died May 19, 1867, who married her 4th cousin,
- Christian Hänsel (born December 22, 1800) on March 11, 1828 in
- 7) Johann Jacob, born May 07, 1778
- 8) Johann Georg, born January 24, 1780, died February 12, 1847, who
- married Sophia Dorothea Meier (born about 1785) on April 30, 1805
- in Scherzheim and had 4 known children:
- a) Jacob, born June 01, 1805, died June 18, 1805
- b) Susanna Katharina, born November 10, 1806, died January 19, 1828
- c) Johann Michael, born April 04, 1809, died March 10, 1880,
- who married Maria Salome Hermann on November 26, 1835 in
- Scherzheim and had 1 known child: Johann Michael, born
- November 24, 1835
- d) Johann Georg, born October 14, 1816, who married Katharina
- Barbara Wahl (born September 20, 1823) on March 28, 1848
- in Scherzheim.
- 2. Maria Magdalena Pfeiffer (Maria Magdalena Konig's second child), born June 18,
- 1695 and died January 28, 1775, both in Helmlingen, married Nicklaus Hänsel (son of
- Nicklas Hänsel and Margaretha Keck) (born December 15, 1689; died January 28,
- 1775; both in Helmlingen) on November 19, 1715. They had 6 known children:
- a) Johann Jacob, born January 16, 1717, died July 10, 1794, who married Maria
- Magdalena Ludwig (born October 11, 1718, died October 26, 1783) on October
- 29, 1740 in Graulsbaum, Baden and had 9 known children:
- 1) Johann Jacob, born November 3, 1741.
- 2) Johann Daniel, born October 03, 1743, died February 24, 1794, who married
- Maria Christina Schoch (born September 08, 1743, died May 23, 1809) on
- June 20, 1769 in Helmlingen and had 8 known children:
- a. Maria Salome, born June 28, 1770, died August 14, 1820
- b. Johann Jacob, born February 22, 1772, died December 13, 1846
- c. Christina Dorothea, born January 14, 1775, died September 14, 1843,
- who married Johann Michael Zimpfer (born January 24, 1770) on May
- 02, 1798 in Helmlingen.
- d. Veronica, born and died December 29, 1776
- e. Anna Maria, born April 13, 1778
- f. Margaretha, born March 05, 1881, died February 24, 1885
- g. Johann Martin, born July 18, 1784, who married Barbara Korner on
- January 15, 1810 in Helmlingen.
- h. Catharina, born April 02, 1786, who married Christian Meier on
- February 07, 1811 in Memprechtshofen, Baden.
- 3) Nicholaus, born August 19, 1745, died September 03, 1750
- 4) Hans Martin, born October 14, 1747, died April 22, 1790, who married
- Catharina Dorothea Kautz (born about 1752, died October 15, 1785 )
- (unknown if related) on May 11, 1773 in Helmlingen and had 7 known
- a. Catharina Dorothea, born February 22, 1774, died January 21, 1846
- b. Friedrich, born September 11, 1775, died September 22, 1779
- c. Maria Magdalena, born June 23, 1777, died July 01, 1777
- d. Hanß Martin, born October 25, 1778, died April 16, 1846, who married
- Maria Magdalena Wahl (born November 22, 1782, died November 26,
- 1834) on October 19, 1802 in Helmlingen and had 12 known children:
- 1. Maria Magdalena, born June 26, 1803, died August 08, 1887,
- who married Christian Decker on April 23, 1829 in Helmlingen.
- 2. Martin, born April 25, 1805, who married Maria Salome Hauß
- on May 21, 1832 in Helmlingen.
- 3. Dorothea, born December 27, 1806, died April 27, 1876
- 4. Salome, born January 01, 1809, died February 09, 1835, who
- married Johann Adam Heyland on August 23, 1827 in
- 5. Karolina, born March 05, 1812, died same year.
- 6. Jacob, born March 05, 1812, died January 27, 1874, who
- married Dorothea Decker (born December 25, 1810) on
- October 27, 1836 in Helmlingen.
- 7. Karl, born February 20, 1814
- 8. Christian, born February 20, 1814, died February 07, 1815
- 9. Karolina, born November 10, 1816, who married her sister's
- widow, Johann Adam Heyland on October 27, 1836 in
- 10. Friedrich, born and died July 25, 1818
- 11. Susanna, born April 12, 1820
- 12. Barbara, born April 12, 1820, died the next day.
- e. Maria Salome, born January 14, 1781, died July 12, 1782
- f. Christina, born June 30, 1783, died July 05, 1783
- g. Juliana, born October 08, 1785, died October 24, 1785
- 5) Maria Magdalena, born August 02, 1749, died December 23, 1756
- 6) Maria Salome, born September 02, 1751, died December 18, 1796, who
- married Johann Jacob Kautz (died April 19, 1777) (unknown if related) on May
- 11, 1773 in Helmlingen.
- 7) Susanna Dorothea, born January 06, 1754, died October 1755
- 8) Johann David, born January 18, 1756, died April 26, 1830, who married Maria
- Elisabeth Ludwig (born September 26, 1775, died September 10, 1848) on
- November 20, 1798 in Grauelsbaum, Baden and had 3 known children:
- a. Maria Elisabeth, died October 24, 1883, who married Christian Schoch
- (died 1867) on November 19, 1822 in Helmlingen. For their
- descendants, see Maria Magdalens Schulmeister's Parents later in this
- chapter, under Christian Schoch's name.
- b. Catharina Salome, born May 19, 1803
- c. Eva Magdalena, born May 18, 1808
- 9) Johann Friedrich, born March 04, 1758, died November 1809, who married
- Maria Magdalena Schneider on January 28, 1784 in Grauelsbaum, Baden and
- had 4 known children:
- a. Maria Magdalena, born March 27, 1785, died 1797
- b. Eva Salome, born May 28, 1789
- c. Johann Jacob, born January 17, 1797, died 1859
- d. Salome, born September 12, 1797
- b) Nicklaus, born August 22, 1719, died May 09, 1743
- c) Johann Adam, born October 11, 1722, died January 29, 1773, who married Marie
- Salome Schmidt on November 21, 1747 in Helmlingen.
- d) Maria Magdalena, born March 21, 1726, died October 31, 1818, who married
- Hans Jacob Wurtz (unknown if related) on November 21, 1747.
- e) Johann Martin, born August 22, 1731 and died January 19, 1799, both in
- Helmlingen, who married Eva Magdalena Wurtz (daughter of Hans Wurtz and
- Magdalena Zimpfer) (born March 5, 1732; died 1794; both in Helmlingen) on
- January 31, 1758 in Helmlingen. They had 3 children:
- 1) Nicolas, born November 14, 1759, died January 09, 1760
- 2) Maria Magdalena, born December 22, 1760, died October 03, 1763
- 3) Veronika, born December 22, 1762 and died October 23, 1818, both in
- Helmlingen, and married Johann Michael Wurtz (born April 24, 1771) on
- April 7, 1797 in Helmlingen. They had 2 children:
- a. Johann Michael, born September 21, 1798 in Helmlingen and died
- March 19, 1866 in Dupage, IL., who married Susanna Katharina
- Pfeiffer, who was also his 3
Scherzheim. She was married to George Frederick Fessler
- 1) Johann Jacob, born and died 1780
- 2) Johann Daniel, born July 29, 1781 in Helmlingen and died in 1834,
- who married Maria Salome Durban (born July 28, 1788 in
- Muckenshopf, Baden) on February 11, 1812 in Helmlingen. They had
- 7 children:
- a. Salome, born November 29, 1812 in Helmlingen
- b. Maria Magdalena, born March 7, 1814 in Helmlingen
- c. Johann Daniel, born February 10, 1816 in Helmlingen and died
- February 21, 1888 in Buchanan, IA., who married Katharina
- Stauffer (born August 11, 1818 in Helmlingen; died July 12,
- 1887 in Buchanan, IA). For their descendants, see the earlier
- section this chapter under Eva Susanna Stumpf's Parents.
- d. Johann Jacob, born April 3, 1820 in Helmlingen
- e. Christian, born July 22, 1822 in Helmlingen
- f. Karl, born December 28, 1824 in Helmlingen
- g. Dorothea, born April 5, 1828 in Helmlingen
- 3) Maria Magdalena, born April 21, 1789 in Helmlingen and died January
- 20, 1860. She was apparently unmarried and had 1 child: Maria
- Magdalena, born January 20, 1815 in Helmlingen and died January 20,
- 1891, who married Johann Jacob Bertsch (born November 11, 1817,
- died August 28, 1875) on April 14, 1844 in Lichtenau. Johann was the
- son of Ludwig Bertsch and Juliana Salomea Leiß. It would be
- interesting to if this this Bertsch family is related to my Swiss Bertsch
- family future project. They had 4 children, all born in Helmlingen:
- a. Karolina, born March 8, 1845
- b. Johann Jacob, born April 4, 1847 and died August 28, 1853
- c. Magdalena, born July 25, 1850, and died March 10, 1911 in
3. Jacob Pfeiffer (Maria Magdalena Konig's third child), born November 30, 1697 and
died January 29, 1781, both in Scherzheim, who married Anna Maria Kautz (unknown
if related) (born February 27, 1700 in Scherzheim), the daughter of Martin Kautz and
Maria Honau, on January 2, 1721. They had 8 known children:
- d. Dorothea, born January 8, 1856 in Helmlingen and died January
- 16, 1935 in Lichtenau, who married Karl Wurtz (1856-1915)
- (unknown if related), son of Maria Magdalena Wurtz on
- November 11, 1883 in Lichtenau. They had 2 children:
- 1. Karoline, born August 28, 1884 and died February 21, 1973,
- both in Lichtenau, who married Jacob Bertsch (most likely
- related in some way) on August 26, 1922 in Lichtenau.
- 2. Karl, born December 18, 1892 in Lichtenau and died
- January 25, 1945 in Lahr, Baden, who married Luise Paulus
- (1893-1979), daughter of David Paulus and Sophie Oberle,
- on June 28, 1919 in L:ichtenau. They had 4 children:
- a) Erna, born July 15, 1920, who married Jacob Hiller (born 1915)
- b) Frederick, born October 24, 1926 in Badeb-Baden, who
- married Helga Böhm (born 1930) on January 27, 1951 in
- Rheinau-Freistatt, Baden. They had 3 children:
- 1) Christa, born February 28, 1952 in Kehl-Kork, who
- married Dieter Loher (born 1946) on November 27,
- 1972 in Kehl am Rhein. They also have 3 children:
- a. Diana, born 1973, who married Oliver Weißlogel
- b. Martin Daniel, born 1978
- c. Christian Dieter, born 1979
- 2) Manfred, born June 18, 1958 in Rheinau-Freistatt,
- who married Elke Hagen (born September 7, 1961 in
- Bühl, Baden) in Rheinau-Rheinbischofsheim.
- 3) Anja, born April 10, 1966 in Kehl am Rhein, Baden
- c) Herbert, born July 12, 1929 in Baden-Baden, who
- married Ly Schwenk (died 1998). They had 2 children:
- 1) Horst, who married Roswitha (last name unknown)
- and had 2 children:
- a. Heiko
- b. Angelika, born 1975
- 2) Heike
- d) Ruth, born June 28, 1934, who married Erwin Jahn.
- They had 1 child: Silvia, born March 18, 1964 in Kehl
- am Rhein, Baden, who married Thomas Bau on
- January 4, 1995 and had 1 child: Tessa
Anna Maria, born May 11, 1765. This is the same Anna Maria Pfeiffer who married her 2nd and 3rd cousin, Johann Jacob Pfeiffer (the grandson of Casper Pfeiffer, Maria Magdalena Konig's first child). For their descendants, see the previous chapter under Eva Susanna Stumpf's Parents.
4. Johannes Pfeiffer, born February 15, 1701
- a. Catharina Magdalena, born November 23, 1722, died September 28, 1790, who
- married Hanß Georg Decker.
- b. Eva Maria, born December 12, 1724, died 1802, who married her 2nd cousin,
- Johann Adam Hänsel (born February 05, 1727, died August 03, 1753) on February
- 13, 1753 in Scherzheim. They had no known children. She also married Johannes
- Weber on February 08, 1757 in Scherzheim and had 1 known child: Anna Maria,
- born December 01, 1763
- c. Christina, born December 24, 1726
- d. Johann Jacob, born February 21, 1729, died March 09, 1729
- e. Johann Martin, born April 06, 1730, who married Maria Salome Eberlin, (born
- about 1736, died July 12, 1790) on February 08, 1757 in Scherzheim and had 3
- known children:
- 1) Catharina Barbara, born November 23, 1757, died January 24, 1795
- 2) Johann Jacob, born November 08, 1759, died June 30, 1830, who married
- Catharina Salome Weger (born about 1776).
- 3) Maria Salome, born July 19, 1772
- f. Maria Veronica, born August 21, 1734, died September 17, 1763, who married
- Johannes Schoch (born December 04, 1736) (unknown if related) on January 27,
- 1761 in Helmlingen and had 1 known child: Catharina Salome, born January 30,
- 1762, who married Mathias Stoß (born about 1763) (unknown if related) on July
- 12, 1791 in Muckenschopf, Baden
- g. Susanna Catharina, born December 21, 1737, who married her 2nd cousin, Johann
- Georg Schoch (born September 07, 1726, died January 19, 1800.
- h. Jacob, born April 21, 1741 and died May 8, 1765, both in Scherzheim, who
- married his half first cousin, Anna Maria Weiss on February 21, 1764 in
- Scherzheim. Anna Maria was also the granddaughter of Maria Magdalena Konig
- through her second marriage, and her ancestry will be explained very shortly see
- below. They had 1 child:
Georg and Maria Magdalena's other children were:
- Maria Magdalena Konig's second husband was Jacob Weger (born 1654; died December 8, 1737 in Scherzheim. They had 2 known children:
- a. Andreas, born January 29, 1708
- b. Maria Elisabehta, born November 19, 1710 and died March 9, 1761, both in
- Scherzheim, who married Frederick Weiß (born October 12, 1701; died
- February 20, 1754, both in Scherzheim) on June 19, 1731 and had 3 known
- 1) The above mentioned Anna Maria who married Jacob Pfeiffer.
- 2) Johann Jacob, born April 11, 1732
- 3) Maria Veronica, born June 19, 1735, died March 11, 1735
1. Susanna, born April 27, 1670, died January 15, 1674
2. Eva, born July 17, 1672, died December 5, 1739, both in Scherzheim, who married Casper Frey on January 29, 1694 in Scherzheim and had 6 known children:
3. Margaretha born February 27, 1676 in Scherzheim, and died February 25, 1740 inMuckenschopf. She married Johannes Zimmer ( born July 30, 1671, died March 09, 1723) on November 5, 1695, in Muckenschopf and had 9 known children:
- a. Margaretha, born January 16, 1696
- b. Georg, born October 03, 1697
- c. Anna Maria, born October 02, 1701
- d. Anna Salome, born June 11, 1704, died 1749
- e. Veronica, born May 01, 1707
- f. Anna Magdalena, born April 06, 1711, died November 27, 1736
4. Anna Catharina born March 2, 1679.
- a. Salome, born November 06, 1696, died August 10, 1764, who married Hans Martin Schoch (born September 10, 1697, died December 24, 1764) (unknown if related) on June 11, 1720 in Muckenschopf and had 7 known children:
- 1) Maria Margaretha, born May 05, 1721, died October 13, 1793, who married Johann
- Daniel Kautz (born August 17, 1714, died July 09, 1784) on November 29, 1741 in
- 2) Johannes, born August 17, 1723, died June 28, 1805, who married his 2nd cousin
- cousin and sister-in-law after the death of her sister Anna Maria, Susanna Margaretha
- Hänsel (born March 08, 1729, died March 25, 1803) on January 29, 1760 in
- Scherzheim For their descendant's, see earlier in this chapter under "Johann Jacob
- (1697) Hänsel's Parents"
- 3) Johann Georg, born September 07, 1726, died January 19, 1800, who married his 2nd
- cousin, Susanna Catharina Pfeiffer (born December 21, 1737).
- 4) Eva Salome, born August 13, 1730, died December 08, 1813
- 5) Maria Magdalena, born December 07, 1734, died January 31, 1804
- 6) Anna Maria, born June 16, 1738, died July 23, 1738
- 7) Johann Jacob, born October 4, 1740, died 1812
- b. Jacob, born January 06, 1698, died March 18, 1760, who married Anna Barbara Hänsel (born March 25, 1698), daughter of Mathias Hänsel and Magdalena Kautz, on February 17, 1721 in Helmlingen. For their descendants, see earlier in this chapter under the section "Johannes Hänsel's Parents"
- c. Maria Magdalena, born February 09, 1700 died December 11, 1776, who married Mathias Stöß (born May 28, 1703, died September 10, 1765) (unknown if related) on October 31, 1724 in Muckenschopf and had 8 known children:
- 1) Johann Jacob, born November 04, 1725, died March 13, 1794
- 2) Maria Salome, born August 07, 1727, died May 10, 1761 who married her 1st cousin, Johann Jacob Zimmer (born January 24, 1723, died October 25, 1793), son of her mother's brother, Jacob, on January 06, 1750 in Muckenschopf. For their descendant's, see above this section - b. 2)
- 3) Maria Magdalena, born October 26, 1729, died May 18, 1808, who married her 3rd cousin, Jost Zimmer (born August 06, 1724, died October 12, 1795) on November 21, 1752 in Muckenschopf. For their descendants, see later in this chapter under "Maria Magdalena Schulmeister's Parents" section.
- 4) Anna Margaretha, born July 10, 1731
- 5) Matthias, born December 11, 1733, died June 19, 1736
- 6) Maria, born September 27, 1736
- 7) Veronica, born October 1738
- 8) Anna Barbara, born November 04, 1741, died July 23, 1744
- d. Nicolaus, born March 26, 1703, died March 08, 1753, who married Susanna Katharina Wahl (born February 05, 1709) on November 22, 1729 in Muckenschopf and had 6 known children:
- 1) Maria Salome, born November 07, 1731, died April 15, 1818, who married her
- 2nd cousin, Johann Karl Hänsel (born April 03, 1733, died April 03, 1793) on
- February 11, 1755 in Scherzheim. For their descendants, see earlier in this
- chapter under "Johann Jacob (1697) Hänsel's Parents"
- 2) Anna Catharina, born December 09, 1733, died May 22, 1735
- 3) Niclaus, born January 05, 1739, died January 11, 1814, who married Catharina
- Barbara Schoch (born August 31, 1740) (unknown if related).
- 4) Hanß Adam, born March 21, 1740
- 5) Christian, born March 16, 1746, died April 23, 1752
- 6) Anna Christina, born February 25, 1750, died 1837, who married Andreas
- Bertsch (unknown if related) in 1769 in Scherzheim.
- e. Anna Maria, born April 22, 1706
- f. Johannes, born April 21, 1709, died May 03, 1780, who married his 2nd cousin, Esther Salome Weiß (born December 07, 1710, died March 16, 1761) on November 27, 1731 in Muckenschopf. For their descendants, see later in this chapter under "Maria Magdalena Schulmeister's Parents" section.
- g. Margaretha, born October 18, 1711, died September 03, 1713
- h. Johann Georg, born September 24, 1714, died May 24, 1787
- i. Mathias, born February 28, 1720, died November 24, 1789
Hans Jakob Waag's Parents
Martin Waag was born about 1644 and died August 27, 1676 in Scherzheim. His wife was Anna Margaretha Stoß, born about 1651 and died February 20, 1686 in Scherzheim. They were married May 18, 1669 in Lichtenau. Martin and Anna Margaretha also had 2 other known children:
Anna Margaretha later married Mathias Bertsch (unknown if related) on January 13, 1680 and had 2 more known children:
- 1. Martin, born January 23, 1672, died January 24, 1677
- 2. Georg, born December 21, 1673, died June 7, 1722
After Margaretha's death, Matthias Bertsch married Margaretha Zimmer (unknown if related) on June 29, 1686 and had 3 more known children, as yet unrelated to me:
- 1. Andreas Bertsch, born June 20, 1682, died 1682
- 2. Gottfried Christian, born February 7, 1686
- 1. Johann Jacob, born March 20, 1687
- 2. Matthias, born August 24, 1688
- 3. Salome, born March 03, 1701, who married Georg Jacob on April 21, 1722 in Scherzheim
Maria Wolf's Parents
Maria's mother was Anna Maria Wolf, of Kürzenhaußen. She was born about 1655 and died on December 9, 1715 at age 60 in Lichtenau.
Philippus (1661) Waffenschmidt's Parents
Hans Waffenschmidt "der Juengere", who died before 1683, was Philippus' father and his mother was Maria Butzer, the daughter of Lorentz Butzer of Lautassheim. They were married November 17, 1656 in Bodersweier, Baden. Hans Sr.was an assistant Judge. Hans "der Juenger" also had other children:
on May 1, 1683 in Bodersweier, and had 3
- 1) Casper, born about 1656, died June 3, 1735, who married Katharina Baasen Baasen
- (born about 1660, died February 9, 1717)
2) Catharina, born February 24, 1659.
3) Johannes, born March 4, 1668.
- a. Unnamed Twin, born and died January 12, 1684
- b. Unnamed Twin, born January 12, 1684, died February 4, 1684
- c. Catharina, born December 6, 1691, who married Hans Schear on January 23, 1714
- in Bodersweier.
Mathias (1664) Kah 's Parents
Mathias Kah was born about 1629 and died March 30, 1695 in Lichtenau. His wife was Anna Maria (last name unknown), who died August 17, 1702 in Lichtenau. They had 5 other known children:
- 1. Eva, born August 17, 1662
- 2. Margaretha, born January 25, 1664.
- 3. Magdalena, born May 8, 1667, died August 10, 1667
- 4. Martin, born May 16, 1669, died November 3, 1737
- 5. Johannes, born November, 1671, died may 4, 1683
Maria Eva Bertschy's Parents
Christian Bertschy was from Schupfheim, Luzern, Switzerland, giving the family it's second link to Swiss ancestry. He was a mason. He was born on June 10, 1648 in Schupfheim and died on February 5, 1716 in Lichtenau. See chapter 12 for Swiss ancestry.
Eva Port was born about 1640 and died September 30, 1697 in Lichtenau. She was married prior to Christian, to Hans Schwartz, bricklayer, on May 12, 1667. He died before 1670. Eva and Christian were married February 15, 1670 in Lichtenau and had 7 other known children:
Generation (5th Great Grandparents)
- 1. Christian, born April 16, 1671, died July 9, 1674
- 2. Christian, born November 8, 1674
- 3. Johannes, born February 6, 1677
- 4. Simon, born October 19, 1679, died November 1, 1679
- 5. Anna Barbara, born July 23, 1682
- 6. Johann Martin, born September 16, 1685, died August 24, 1688.
- 7. Benedict, born January 18, 1688
- After the death of wife Eva, Christian married Anna Regina Hega (born about 1667, died September 02, 1730), daughter of Tobias, on May 10, 1698.
Jakob (1626) Kautz's Parents
Jakob Kautz was born about 1590 and died August 5, 1654 in Helmlingen. While I cannot find the record of the birth of Jakob (1626) because the Lichtenau records for births 1596-1651 are missing, there is a record of a marriage between Jacob Kautz from Helmlingen and Anna Friedmann, daughter of Punt Friedmann in the Scherzheim church books in 1616. The timing is right, but I cannot be sure if this marriage is for Jacob Kautz (1590). Due to the missing records when his children were being born, it is impossible to determine if he had other children, but there is a record for the marriage of Martin Kautz, son of Jacob, to Margaretha Hupps, daughter of Hans, on December 3, 1667, putting Martin's birth probably in the 1640's range and a likely son of Jakob Kautz (1590).
Maria Ritter's Parents
Andreas Ritter was born about 1609 and died August 1, 1669, and Christina (last name unknown), born about 1611 and died November 15, 1669, both in Scherzheim. They had 2 other children:
- 1. Magdalena, who married Conrad Schulmeister on October 24, 1665. For their
- descendants, see later in this chapter under "Maria Magdalena Schulmeister's Parents"
- 2. Hans, who married Maria Waag (unknown if related), daughter of Jacob Waag, on November 9, 1669 and had 1 known child: Anna Catharina, born June 4, 1671.
Georg König's Parents
Michael König was born about 1593 and died February 27, 1675 in Scherzheim. Michael was a juror also, as was his son. Michael's wife was Anna Maria (last name unknown) who died January 22, 1622. Michael and Anna Maria also had 2 other known children:
- 1. Mathias, born before 1640, died before 1792, who was married 3 times. He married his
- first wife, Maria Kautz (born July, 1636, died December 01, 1666) (unknown if
- related) on November 06, 1659 in Scherzheim and had 1 known child: Johann
- Mathias, born May 28, 1665.
- After Maria's death, he married Anna Maria Huber (born about 1640 in Switzerland, died October 04, 1669) on July 23, 1667 in Scherzheim. Mathias and Anna Maria had 2 known children:
- a. Martin, born November 15, 1668, died April 07, 1670
- b. Eva, born and died October 03, 1669
- After Anna Maria's death, Mathias married Maria Durban on May 24, 1670 in Muckenschopf and had 2 more known children:
- a. Anna Maria, born January 06, 1671
- b. Johann Michel, born May 17, 1682, who married Christina Bertsch (born
- December 26, 1683) (unknown if related) on October 19, 1706 in Scherzheim and
- had 6 known children:
- 1) Catharina, born June 20, 1708, who married widower Hanß Rieber (unknown
- if related) on May 3, 1735 in Scherzheim
- 2) Anna Maria, born March 23, 1713
- 3) Mathias, born February 18, 1716
- 4) Margaretha, born August 20, 1718
- 5) Christian, born October 08, 1721
- 6) Maria Salome, born May 19, 1725, died September 02, 1726
- 2. Michael, born about 1623 and died March 5, 1675 in Scherzheim, who married Ursula
- Wahl (born about 1592, died April 12, 1665) on January 14, 1661 in Lichtenau and
- had 2 known children:
- a. Johann Georg, born February 15, 1663.
- b. Amelia, born August 20, 1665, died September 17, 1719, who married Johann
- Nicklaus Rotschaupt, son of Sebastian, on April 27, 1686 in Scherzheim and had
- 2 known children:
- 1) Anna Catharina, born January 30, 1687
- 2) Elisabetha Catharina, born July 15, 1688
Maria Magdalena Schulmeister's Parents
Mathias Schulmeister was born about 1610 and died August 18, 1657. In the church death record, he is listed as dying "on the way". It was learned that he died during the course of business travels in Obermodern (Elsass/France) when his horse somehow got frightened and threw him. He held a high position as a civil servant. He was also listed as the mayor of Lichtenau.
Amalie Moscherosch was born February 14, 1613 in Willstatt, Baden, Germany, and died June 4, 1667 in Lichtenau. They had 3 other known children:
e. Michel, born September 6, 1685
- 1. Conrad, born before 1630, who married Maria Zimpfer (born about 1623, died April 3,
- 1665) on November 09, 1652. Together, they had 5 known children:
- a. Johann Conrad, born July 23, 1654
- b. Maria Salome, born May 18, 1657
- c. Johann Philipp, born December 31, 1658, died September 10, 1678
- d. Hanß Georg, born May 29, 1661, died February 28, 1685
- e. Johann Jacob, born August 09, 1663, died April 27, 1728, who married Anna
- Maria Jorg (born March 04, 1662, died October 22, 1693), on August 22, 1687 in
- Lichtenau. They had one known child, an unnamed daughter born and died June
- 06, 1688.
- After Anna Maria's death in 1693, Johann Jacob married Anna Margaretha Daube on February 28, 1685, and had 2 known children:
- 1) Anna Margaretha, born April 01, 1695, died May 15, 1770, who married
- Johann Adam Stengel (born December 17, 1691, died March 03, 1747) on May
- 24, 1717. They had 6 known children:
- a) Johann Jacob, born March 04, 1719, died November 11, 1786, who
- married Anna Ursula Giempel on June 23, 1744.
- b) Johann Gottfried, born December 24, 1721
- c) a daughter, born and died January 27, 1722
- d) Johann Conrad, born May 29, 1725, died December 17, 1781, who
- married Christina Dorothea Wahl (born February 23, 1724, died
- February 19, 1766) on May 22, 1753 in Lichtenau. They had 1 known
- child: Johann Gottfried, born February 17, 1754, died about 1792.
- e) Johann Christian, born June 10, 1728, who married Catharina Susanna
- Rohr (born May 20, 1736 (related through the Stoß family) on
- February 14, 1758 and had 1 known child: Juliana Salome, born July
- 04, 1763
- f) Johann Daniel, born April 05, 1736
- 2) Matthias, born February 24, 1697, died March 26, 1772, a shoemaker, who
- married Maria Catharina Weyler (born November 28, 1700, died January 02,
- 1774) on November 11, 1721 in Lichtenau. They had 8 known children:
- a) Johann Daniel, born September 21, 1722, died 1800, who married
- Maria Christina Wanner (born February 16, 1734, died April 09, 1811)
- on November 09, 1756 in Lichtenau. They had 9 known children:
- 1. Catharina Magdalena, born August 11, 1757, died June 06, 1771
- 2. Johann Gottfried, born October 09, 1759, died November 12, 1759
- 3. Anna Barbara, born October 19, 1760, died June 19, 1762
- 4. Sophia Dorothea, born December 12, 1762, died January 09, 1765
- 5. Johann Ludwig, born July 08, 1764, died July 08, 1848, who
- married Anna Maria Keck (born about 1762) on August 21, 1797.
- They had 2 known children both named Andreas (the first
- obviously dieing young), born November 30, 1798 and December
- 21, 1802.
- 6. Johann Conrad, born December 17, 1766, died June 23, 1814, who
- married his first cousin, Margaretha Salome Schulmeister (born
- October 11, 1767, died 1797), the daughter of Johann Gottfried
- Schulmeister, on May 08, 1797.
- 7. Sophia Salome, born October 08, 1769, died September 1798,
- possibly in childbirth, who married her 4th cousin, Johann David
- Hänsel (born January 18, 1756, died April 26, 1830), and had 1
- known child: Johann Jacob, born September 2, 1798 and died the
- same month.
- 8. Johann Daniel, born May 19, 1772 died December 18, 1854, who
- married Susanna Margaretha Schiff (born about 1772) on
- November 12, 1794. They had 2 known children:
- a. Johann Michael, born September 04, 1795
- b. Johann Jacob, born March 15, 1798, died March 06, 1840.
- 9. Christina, born February 03, 1776, died March 08, 1814.
- b) Margaretha Dorothea, born January 31, 1725, died November 20, 1791.
- c) Maria Magdalena, born March 17, 1727, died July 12, 1729
- d) Johann Conrad, born September 16, 1729, died July 14, 1807, who
- married Christina Lucker (born March 24, 1727, died December 30,
- 1766) on November 18, 1760. They had 3 known children:
- 1. Christina Dorothea, born May 21, 1761
- 2. Margaretha Dorothea, born March 25, 1763, died November 29, 1772
- 3. Johann Gottfried, born December 28, 1766, died May 25, 1767
- e) unknown child, born and died September 15, 1732
- f) Susanna Christina, born April 26, 1736, died August 19, 1736
- g) Johann Gottfried, born September 14, 1738, died 1802, who married
- Catharina Margaretha Busch on November 18, 1766. They had 6
- known children:
- 1. Margaretha Salome, born October 11, 1767, died 1797, who
- married her first cousin, Johann Conrad Schulmeister, son of
- Johann Daniel Schulmeister on May 08, 1797.
- 2. Gottfried, born May 28, 1769, died 1844
- 3. Jacob, born October 14, 1771
- 4. Matthias, born February 07, 1774, died June 10, 1774
- 5. Catharina Magdalena, born July 06, 1776, died July 29, 1779
- 6. Andreas, born January 09, 1781
- h) Johann Ludwig, born December 09, 1742, died July 03, 1810, who
- married Maria Catharina Meyer of Buchsweiler on November 28, 1768.
- They had 2 known children:
- 1. Daniel, born January 28, 1771, died August 13, 1839, who
- married Anna Dorothea Bertsch (unknown if related) (born
- August 18, 1781, died July 24, 1815) on February 15, 1803.
- They had 1 known child: Margaretha Salomea, born March 22,
- 1804, died November 10, 1834, who married Ludwig
- Duttweiler (born January 13, 1796) on October 19, 1820. They
- had 7 known children:
- a. Christina Salome, born August 02, 1821
- b. Ludwig, born February 26, 1824
- c. Johann Jacob, born January 13, 1826
- d. Andreas, born January 20, 1828
- e. Katarina Barbara, born October 02, 1829
- f. unnamed daughter, born and died October 07, 1831
- g. Eva Magdalena, born October 12, 1833
- 2. Catharina Magdalena, born February 09, 1774, died September 29, 1793
- After Maria's death in 1665, Conrad married Magdalena Ritter (born about 1643, died November 19, 1689), the daughter of Andreas Ritter, and Maria Ritter's sister, on October 24, 1665. They had 2 know children together:
- a. Matthias, born December 06, 1668
- b. Andreas, born January 11, 1671
- 2. Eva Salome, born about 1643, died June 25, 1692, who married Hanß Georg König
- (unknown if related) (born 1651, died November 08, 1691), a butcher, on June 11,
- 1672. They had 6 known children:
- a. Johannes, born June 08, 1673
- b. Veronica, born February 06, 1676, died December 15, 1737, who married Jost
- Weiß (born November 23, 1673, died February 11, 1730) on December 27, 1697
- in Muckenschopf. They had 9 known children:
- 1) a daughter, born and died August 15, 1700
- 2) Veronica, born May 21, 1702, died October 09, 1757, who married Johann
- Jacob Zimmer (born November 27, 1700, died February 09, 1737) on
- December 26, 1723. They had 8 known children:
- a) Jost, born August 06, 1724, died October 12, 1795, who married his
- 3rd cousin, Maria Magdelina Stöß (born October 26, 1729, died May
- 18, 1808) daughter of Mathias Stöß and Maria Magdalena Zimmer, on
- November 21, 1752. They had 7 known children:
- 1. Johann Jacob, born November 21, 1753
- 2. Mathias, born August 09, 1755, died September 09, 1845
- 3. Jostin, born October 19, 1760
- 4. Maria Magdalena, born January 19, 1762, died October 15,
- 1835, who married Johann Jacob Schoch (born October 04,
- 1740, died December 31, 1812) on July 19, 1794 in
- Helmlingen. They had 4 known children:
- a. Christian, who died in 1867 in Geneva, Illinois, and
- married his 4th and 5th cousin, Maria Elisabetha Hänsel
- (died October 24, 1883 in Geneva, Illinois) on
- November 19, 1822 in Helmlingen.
- b. Maria Salome, born August 14, 1795. She had 1 known
- child: Christian (born May 17, 1817, died February 27,
- 1893) who married Margaretha Salome Heiland (born
- November 01, 1818).
- c. Catharina Salome, born April 10, 1799, died March 17,
- 1884, who married Johann Georg Wagner on April 12,
- 1822. They had 1 known child: Catharina Salome, who
- married Jacob Pfeiffer. They had 1 known child:
- Caroline, born January 1848, died September 25, 1848.
- d. Maria Magdalena, born February 05, 1800, died
- November 23, 1878, who married Johann Georg
- Zimmer on November 25, 1828.
- 5. Maria Salome, born December 05, 1764, died July 31, 1845
- 6. Christian, born January 24, 1767
- 7. Ludwig, born August 23, 1773
- b) Veronica, born October 16, 1725
- c) unnamed daughter, born and died May 07, 1727
- d) Johann Jacob, born June 24, 1728
- e) Niclauß, born March 15, 1730
- f) Maria Salome, born February 17, 1731, died February 29, 1768, who
- married Christian Zimmer, (born July 10, 1729) (unknown if related to
- her but related through the Hänsel family line) on November 21, 1752.
- They had 2 known children:
- 1. Nicolaus, born August 25, 1753
- 2. Maria Salome, born November 18, 1756
- g) Maria Margaretha, born March 03, 1734, died August 18, 1769
- h) Christina, born April 18, 1736
- After Johann Jacob died in 1737, Veronica married Martin Stöß (unknown if related) (born July 29, 1707, died August 27, 1765) on January 27, 1738 and had 2 more known children:
- a) Johannes, born September 18, 1739, died 1828
- b) Maria Magdalena, born February 09, 1743
- 3) Matthias, born March 22, 1703, died April 18, 1704
- 4) Anna Margaretha, born September 30, 1705, died October 22, 1730, who
- married Johannes Kientz (born November 08, 1698, died March 29, 1767) on
- November 14, 1727 and had 1 known child: Hanß, born November 1729, died
- February 24, 1730.
- 5) Anna Catharina, born January 22, 1707, who married Georg Stöß (unknown if
- related), son of Georg Stöß of Muckenschopf, on November 27, 1731, the
- same day as her sister below and had 6 known children:
- a) Anna Barbara, born September 7, 1732, died May 31, 1735
- b) Maria Magdalena, born October 27, 1733
- c) Anna Catharina, May 23, 1735
- d) Anna Maria, born February 3, 1737
- e) Christina, born October 2, 1739
- f) Eva Salome, born October 28, 1741, died June 11, 1744
- 6) Esther Salome, born December 07, 1710, died March 16, 1764, who married
- her second cousin, Johannes Zimmer (born April 21, 1709, died March 5,
- 1780), son of Johannes Zimmer and Margaretha König, on November 27,
- 1731 in Scherzheim. They had 7 known children:
- a) Maria Margaretha, born September 23, 1732, died May 27, 1735
- b) Johann Jacob, born October 20, 1733, died March 25, 1794
- c) Maria Salome, born February 24, 1735, died February 29, 1768, who
- married her 2nd and 3rd cousin, Johann Daniel Hänsel (born December
- 18, 1732, died October 04, 1795) in 1785. They had 3 known children:
- 1. Johann Adam, born March 23, 1760, died April 01, 1797, who
- married Veronica Wahl (born December 14, 1756, died
- December 06, 1831) on November 15, 1785. They had 3
- known children:
- a. Johann Jacob, born September 13, 1786, died June 08, 1787
- b. Christian, born May 20, 1789, who married Eva Katharina
- Rohr (born March 02, 1786, died June 17, 1824) on March
- 17, 1813. They had 4 known children:
- 1) Maria Magdalena, born January 18, 1814
- 2) Christian, born June 04, 1816, who married Maria
- Magdalena Frey (unknown if related) on November 09,
- 1841 in Memprechtshofen and had 1 known child:
- Friedrich, born April 21, 1842, who married Barbara
- Schwartz (born January 30, 1842 in Lichtenau, died in
- DuPage Co., Illinois) on August 30, 1869 in Kane,
- Illinois and had 9 known children (all born in geneva,
- a) Barbara, born 1869
- b) Friedrich, born 1871
- c) Louis, born 1873
- d) Minnie, born December, 1875
- e) Adelina, born 1877
- f) William, born July, 1878
- g) Albert, born August, 1880
- h) Ordolph, born July, 1882 (twin)
- i) Arnold, born July 1882 (twin)
- 3) Susanna Katharina, born July 26, 1819
- 4) Sophia Dorothea, born December 22, 1821
- c. Eva Magdalena, born April 15, 1793
- 2. Eva Salome, born October 06, 1764, died July 06, 1840
- 3. Maria Magdalena, born November 08, 1767
- d) Johannes, born August 09, 1736, died October 05, 1739
- e) Anna Barbara, born May 27, 1738
- f) Christina, born March 9, 1739, died February 25, 1810
- g) Maria Magdalena, born March 06, 1742, died May 28, 1798
- 7) Nicolaus, born May 14, 1713
- 8) Hanß Adam, born November 24, 1715, died April 14, 1719
- 9) Maria Magdalena, born December 31, 1720, died January 08, 1721
- c. Hanß Georg, born March 04, 1679
- d. Matthias, born July 11, 1682, who married Dorothea Finkenbinder on November 27, 1714. They had 2 known children:
- 1) Maria Eva, born December 27, 1715, died November 26, 1729
- 2) Maria Salome, born September 11, 1719, died February 02, 1795
- f. Eva Salome, born December 21, 1689, died April 05, 1694
- 3. Mathias, born December 25, 1653, died March 31, 1707, who married Anna Catharina
- (last name unknown) (born about 1655, died December 23, 1726) and had 4 known
- a. Eva Susanna, born February 14, 1686, who married Johann Caspar Hammerling on
- February 10, 1704, and had 4 known children:
- 1) Catharina Margaretha, born November 27, 1705
- 2) Sophia Dorothea, born January 02, 1709
- 3) Francescia, born September 29, 1711, who married Hanß Adam Brümpol, son
- of Hanß Michael Brümpol, on June 9, 1733.
- 4) Charlotte Susanna, born May 06, 1714
- b. Georg Ludwig, born December 29, 1687, died December 03, 1732, who married
- Catharina Barbara Loth on January 26, 1711. they had 9 known children:
- 1) Catharina Dorothea, born November 30, 1712
- 2) Matthias, born April 30, 1716
- 3) Susanna Dorothea, born March 1717, died July 28, 1733
- 4) Gottfried Christian, born May 09, 1719
- 5) Johann Daniel, born June 02, 1722
- 6) Catharina Margaretha, born May 13, 1724, died 1770, who married Hans Michael Wanner on August 10, 1751.
- 7) Johann Friederich, born December 13, 1726, died January 18, 1727
- 8) Maria Salome, born December 07, 1727, died July 21, 1729
- 9) Phillip Heinrich, born August 18, 1730, died May 13, 1732
- c. Gottfried Christian, born December 20, 1691, who married Susanna Margaretha
- Müller on November 26, 1720. They had 4 known children:
- 1) Catharina Susanna, born December 16, 1722
- 2) Johann Gottfried, born February 05, 1724, died 1798
- 3) unknown child, born and died September 16, 1721
- 4) unnamed daughter, born and died July 05, 1726
- d. Matthias, born March 07, 1695
Martin Waag's Parents
Michael Waag was born about 1606 and died September 12, 1676 in Scherzheim. He is listed in the church death record as "the old villager in Scherzheim". His first wife, and Martin's mother, was Anna (last name unknown) who was born about 1605 and died July 27, 1659 in Scherzheim. Their marriage was apparently during the period of missing records in Scherzheim. Due to the missing records when his children were being born, it is impossible to confirm for sure if he had other children, but there is a record for the marriage of Jacob Waag, son of Michael, to Maria Stoß, daughter of Jacob, on November 12, 1667, probably putting Jacob's birth in the 1640's range. Also, in Martin Waag's marriage record, it states that Martin is the son of Michael and brother of Jacob, confirming that this Michael Waag also had a son named Jacob. There is also a marriage record for a Hans Waag, son of Michael, who married Barbara (last name unreadable), daughter of Simon, on January 23, 1672. In Michael's death record, he is referred to as "Michael Waag der alter", meaning he also had a son named Michael, still living in 1676. As there is only one Michael Waag listed in the record books for his age, this is confirmation that they are his children:
After the death of first wife, Ana, Michael married Barbara Rotenberg (born about 1836, died October 06, 1676) (Catholic) on January 24, 1660 in Scherzheim and had 2 known children:
- 1. Jacob, who married Maria Stoß (born about 1850, died November 23, 1668) on
- November 12, 1667 and had 1 known child: Andreas, born November 22, 1668. Maria
- apparently died from complications from childbirth.
- 2. Hans, born about 1639, died June 10, 1693, who married Barbara (last name
- unknown) on January 23, 1672 and had 2 known children:
- a. Margaretha, born May 25, 1673, who married Johann Georg Pferd on September
- 22, 1707
- b. Johann Jacob, born August 4, 1678, died September 9, 1728
- 1. Barbara, born June 9, 1661, who had an illigitimate child: Andreas, born July 25, 1686.
- Father was possibly Andreas Neßesian.
- 2. Michael, born May 29, 1665
Anna Margaretha Stoß's Parents
Georg Stoß was born December 6, 1626 and died November 23, 1664 in Scherzheim. His wife was Anna (last name unknown), who was born about 1628 and died March 30, 1666. They had 6 other known children:
- 1. Johann Friedrich, born September 7, 1653, died 1655
- 2. Barbara, born November 30, 1655, died July 26, 1712, who married Diebold Paul
- Weger (born 1652, died December 29, 1725) on May 06, 1679 in Scherzheim and had
- 3 known children:
- a. Salome, born May 23, 1680, died February 23, 1734, who married Friedrich Rohr
- (born January 22, 1670, died August 23, 1740) on December 30, 1700 in
- Helmlingen and had 6 known children:
- 1) Jacob, born May 20, 1704, died April 30, 1778, who married Anna Maria
- Greim (born November 02, 1706, died January 02, 1745) on June 14, 1735 in
- Helmlingen and had 5 known children:
- a) Johann Friedrich, born April 04, 1736, died May 29, 1736
- b) Johann Friedrich, born August 04, 1737
- c) Anna Maria, born February 23, 1739, died May 15, 1797, who married
- Ludwig Ludwig (born November 25, 1740, died January 27, 1806) on
- November 15, 1763 in Grauelsbaum and had 5 known children:
- 1. Anna Maria, born December 28, 1764, died 1795
- 2. Anna Magdalena, born February 03, 1767, died May 31, 1821
- 3. Catharina Dorothea, born 1769
- 4. Margaretha, born August 09, 1772, died March 19, 1821
- 5. Maria Elisabeth, born September 26, 1775, died September 10,
- 1848, who married Johann David Hänsel (born January 18,
- 1756, died April 26, 1830) on November 20, 1798 in
- Grauelsbaum. For their descendants, see earlier in this chapter
- under "Amelia König's and Anna Maria König's Parents"
- d) Maria Christina, born February 01, 1741, who married Jacob Weger on
- February 21, 1764 in Scherzheim and had 2 known children:
- 1. Catharina Barbara, born September 22, 1771
- 2. Maria Magdalena, born February 26, 1776
- e) Maria Salome, born January 19, 1742, died March 1742
- 2) Diebold, born January 14, 1707, died June 22, 1757, who married Christina
- Dorothea Brantz (born August 19, 1711, died October 07, 1747) on January
- 19, 1734 in Lichtenau and had 6 known children:
- a) Johann Ludwig
- b) Catharina Susanna, born May 20, 1736, who married Johann Christian
- Stengel (born June 10, 1728) on February 14, 1758 in Lichtenau and
- had 1 known child: Juliana Salome, born July 04, 1763
- c) Johann Jacob, born April 03, 1738
- d) Friederick, born December 13, 1740, died March 27, 1745
- e) Johann Michael, born January 10, 1744, who married Catharina
- Magdalena Pfeiffer (born November 30, 1738, died February 17, 1790)
- on November 21, 1769 in Scherzheim. For their descendants, see
- earlier in this chapter under "Amelia König's and Anna Maria König's
- Parents" section.
- f) Friedrich, born September 30, 1747
- 3) Friedrich, born February 18, 1711, died April 15, 1765, who married Salome
- Schoch (born about 1693, died June 07, 1750) (unknown if related) on
- November 22, 1740 in Helmlingen.
- 4) Johann Philipp, born July 03, 1715, died 1792
- 5) Anna Catharina, born December 19, 1718, died May 11, 1767
- 6) Maria Salome, born August 27, 1722
- b. Andreas, born December 02, 1682
- c. Diebold, born October 23, 1687
- 3. Jorg, born December 5, 1657
- 4. Andreas, born November 10, 1658, who married Anna Margaretha Vogt (born about
- 1658, died December 18, 1699 probably in childbirth), daughter of Michael Vogt, on
- January 12, 1686 in Scherzheim and had 3 known children:
- a. Johann Michael, born October 3, 1686
- b. Andreas, born December 24, 1687
- c. Georg, born May 26, 1689, died April 7, 1698
- 5. Anna Maria, born September 21, 1661 and died May 13, 1685 after suffering a stroke
- on May 8th while travelling and she could not speak or move until her death.
- 6. Susanna, born September 10, 1664, who married Andreas Bauermann on June 1,
- 1691, and had 3 known chuildren:
- a. Margaretha, born June 21, 1696
- b. Andreas, born October 21, 1700
- c. Johann Michael, born December 27, 1704
Hans (der Juengere) Waffenschmidt's Parents
Because Hans was der Juengere, or "junior", his father must have also been Hans Waffenschmidt and would have been referred to as "der Altere", or senior. Hans "der Altere" was a local smith and jurist in Bodersweier. Der Altere was still alive in 1660 when Philippus was born, because Hans Jr. was referred to as der Juengere. He was born about 1595 and died February 26, 1675 in Bodersweier. In the church book is written about his death: "Hans Waffenschmidt, the old smith and court clerk, in the 80th year of his toilsome pilgrimage during which he got old and tired of life, was given Christian burial." Hans "der Altere" had at least 3 wives. His first wife, Catharina, was Hans der Junger's mother. While her last name is unknown, it is written in the record book, but illegible. It appears to be "Mnlyr" or "Mulyr". Catharina's father was Malchior. . Hans der alter and his three wives had other known children:
There was also a Hans Waffenschmidt, who was a "wagner", who was married to a Barbara Hoffman in 1666, who started having children soon after, but it is unknown how he is related. There is also a Michael Waffenschmidt, married to an Ursula, having children beginning in 1648, but it is also unknown how they are related.
- Wife was Catharina, last name unknown, who was the mother of Hans "der Juengere". They were married in 1624, and she died may 1, 1642. They also had 1 other known child, a son named Philip, born April 29, 1633, died December 18, 1680.
- Wife was Maria, last name unknown, who died before 1662. They were married August 12, 1643 and had 2 known children:
- 1. Ursula, born October 23, 1648, died August 11, 1660
- 2. Peter, born June 12, 1651
- Wife was Barbara, widow name Fessels, who was born about 1599 and died in 1670. They were married November 11, 1661 and had 3 known children:
- 1. Catharina, born October 16, 1667
- 2. Maria, born May 30, 1669
- 3. Barbara, born August 2, 1670.
Eva Port's Parents
Eva's father was Hans Jorg Port, who died before 1657. Hans was a wheelwright. A marriage record was found in the Scherzheim church books for a Hans Jorg Port and Gertrud Waag, daughter of Hans Waag on September 22, 1620, but is is unsure if this is the mother of Eva. As the birth records for Lichtenau are missing for 1596-1651, no record of the birth of Eva can be found. The marriage records for the period 1624 1651 are also missing, so it is impossible to know if Hans Jorg remarried before the birth of Eva about 1640.
Generation (6th Great grandparents)
Amalie Moscherosch's Parents
Luckily, Amalie had some famous and important relatives herself and this made it possible for her family records to be known and preserved. One of her brothers, Johann Michael Moscherosch, was a famous writer of the times and wrote of his ancestry.
However, there is some controversy about the ancestors of Johann Michael Moscherosch and his sister Amalie. Apparently, the author wrote about his ancestors, but how much is truth and how much is fantasy is questionable. To me, it is unclear if Moscherosch knowingly "embellished" the truth and made his ancestors of a higher social status for his own benefit, or actually believed what he wrote was the truth about his ancestors, or if the embellishment was the work of later biographers or genealogists to enhance his (and their) status. Professional genealogists have researched Moscherosch's ancestry in Germany and come to a variety of conclusions. It is a time period where little documentation can be found, so there are few facts which are dependable. So much of the research written about him is in German and hard to understand. I have decided to rely on (and believe) the few facts and proofs that exist and take the narrowest view possible. That way, I am safe and will not exaggerate our ancestry. There is no controversy about his parents, Michael Moscherosch and Veronica Becker. What is known about them is documented fact.
But when you get beyond his parents, especially on his father's side, the controversy creeps in and builds with every generation. According to the embellished (and popular) version (whoever is responsible), his ancestors on his father's side belonged to the Spanish aristocracy. Don Jeronimo de Musenrosh was a noble Spanish aristocrat from Aragon about 1500, married to Euphemia de Balbron. His son was Marzloff von Musenrosh (or de Museros), a noble soldier who was sent by Emperor Charles V from Barcelona to the Netherlands in 1520. As a point of information, there is a town of Museros in Spain. He married the daughter of a Dutch noblemen, Katharina von Vespenan in Strassburg in 1522. His son was Maternus von Mosenrosh, born in 1527, who married Magdalena von Wanger in 1551. His son was Maternus Moscherosch, born in 1553, married Apollonia von Rittershofen from Haganau in 1577. It was during this time the family fell on hard times and lost their status and money - a very convenient occurrence to explain why the Moscherosch's were no longer considered "nobility". Maternus's son was Michael Moscherosch, Johann Michael's father, born in 1578, who married Veronica Becker in 1600.
Two German researchers, Dittmar and Bienert, support this view, but it does not stand up to investigation. Also, there is no actual proof that this story is the truth, and is refuted by two other German researchers, Maximillian Huffschmid (1920) and Johannes Koltermann (1933). I have had these two articles translated and they appear later in this section.
As they are critical of the earlier stories of Moscherosch's Spanish nobility, they provide the narrowest view of his ancestry, examining evidence and proofs only. They state that Don Jeronimo de Musenrosh was simply a figment of whoever's imagination and that there is no evidence that he ever existed. It is also unclear whether the next three generations, Marzloff, Maternus, and Maternus, were Michael Moscherosch's (and our) ancestors. There is no evidence that they were of Spanish nobility, or even of Spanish heritage at all. In fact, there is evidence that Moscherosch's ancestors were probably butchers from Haganau, Baden. The Moscherosch name (or a very close variation) has been found in the Haganau area (most of them butchers) for many years. While I have no proof yet of the Dutch ancestry of Katharina von Vespenan, the fact that there is a known marriage date and location for her to Marzloff von Musenrosh, leads me to believe that she did exist and her name is correct. Whether she was Dutch, or whether she was of noble birth, I cannot yet say, but the possibility exists.
On Moscherosch's mother's side, there appears to be less controversy, although a questionable story of nobility exists here also. Veronica's parents, Quirin Becker and , Euphemia Rauschart were also documented and create no controversy. However, beyond that, the controversy again creeps slowly in. Quirin Becker's father was Quirinus Peck, supposedly a noble page in the court of King Christian II of Denmark. While there is no proof of his status, Huffschmid and Koltermann do not discount the possibility of this being true, as they did with Moscherosch's Spanish nobility. Peck is a name in Denmark associated with Danish nobility, but there is no record of a Quirinus Peck within that nobility, that I have been able to find. So, while there is no evidence to support the story that Quirinus Peck was a member of the Danish Aristocracy, it is certainly a possibility, and a definite possibility that we are of Danish heritage.
When I originally stumbled onto the fact that Amalie was part of a famous family, it was pure luck. I had actually hoped for information on Amalie's husband's side, Mathias Schulmeister, as he was the Mayor of Lichtenau. I wrote to the Mayor's Office in Lichtenau with sparse hopes that they might have a history of their past mayors. Instead, I was sent information from a Frau Elisabeth Lauppe (who I am apparently related to through Amalie) on Amalie's family and her famous writer brother, Johann Michael Moscherosch. Further searches involving the knight revealed his ancestry. So here is the ancestry of Amalie Moscherosch, as truly and honestly as it can be determined.
Her father was Michael Moscherosch was born in 1578 in Haganau, Germany. According to Frau Lauppe, in quoting from Journal of History of the Ober Rhein Area, " A letter from the Earl of Kasimir von Hanau from the year 1659 claims Michael was the son of a Hanau-Lichtenau civil servant. In 1599, Michael succeeded his father-in-law as church deacon in Willstaett (as such he was overseer of the church moneys in the Hanau-Lichtenberg facility in Willstaett). Was also a part-time farmer. In 1612, was elected to 1-year term as home-citizen or Forest Master. In 1618, became a Juror, and in 1625, became a money scribe. According to Johann von Werth, Willstaett burned to the ground on September 27, 1634, including Michael's house. Michael and Veronika had a total of 12 children". Michael died in July, 1636.
Her mother was Veronika Becker (or Peck) was born in 1580. Veronika and Michael were married in 1600. The name of Peck was Danish and probably Germanized to Becker when the family moved to Germany. Both forms have been found in Germany. Following are 10 of Amalie's 11 brothers and sisters.
1. Johann Michael Moscherosch was born March 7, 1601 and died April 4, 1669. He was married 3 times. He married his first wife, Ester Ackerman, the daughter of Johann Ackermann (a jeweler in Frankenthal, Palatinate) and Maria Liessfeld, on September 9, 1628, in either Willstatt or Worms. The Ackermann family had to flee their native Spanish Netherlands to avoid being persecuted for their religious beliefs (Calvinism). Ester died in December, 1632, while the family fled from French troops plundering their home in Kriechingen. There were 4 children from this marriage:
- a. Maria Veronika, born July 6, 1629 and died July 24, 1629, both in Willstatt.
- b. Ludwig Christian, born and died 1630 in Strassburg
- c. Franz Friedrich, born 1632 and died 1633, both in Kriechingen.
- a. Ernst Ludwig, born July 28, 1631 and died January 15, 1702. He was a chamber secretary to a count in Hanau (where his father opened the way to being an officer as well as a bureaucrat), a captain in wars in Geldern, master of household for the Count of the Palatinate Gustav Adolf von Veldenz of Mosel, and later, High Chief of the Watch in the Austrian service.
- b. "In 1671, Ernst addressed a "majesty petition" to Emperor Leopold I for the bestowal of nobility of the Empire that was promised to his father, probably during the imperial coronation on July 2, 1658 in Frankfurt am Main. However, his father had died before the promise was fulfilled. On October 29, 1671, Ernst Ludwig was granted knighthood as "Moscherosch von Wisselsheim" and gained an improvement in his coat of arms, the ability to have a fief, freedom of seal (red wax) license to own noble goods and place his name upon them, to build castles and palaces, freedom of movement, granted imperial protection, shield and the "salvia guardia", and freedom from foreign courts."
- "The title "Wisselsheim" referred to an estate located in the Wetterau (Wetter Valley) of which he already owned a portion that his late wife had inherited from her grandmother, Helene Krug (died August 21, 1666) and was in the position to buy another portion that his brother-in-law, Johann Ludwig Seip, Hessian bailiff of Wetzar, inherited, in order to gain inclusion in the middle-Rhine imperial knighthood. Although the Burgrave Office in Friedberg approved the sales agreement that was closed on November 25, 1676, it never came about, as is substantiated by Moscherosch's complaint of March 16, 1679 in Mainz, located in the Darmstadt files, about the incompletion of the sale and resale of the estate to the Burgrave of Friedberg."
- Ernst Ludwig was married twice. His first marriage was to Helena Margaretha Seip (baptized 8/12/1638 in Marburg and died about 1671) on October 3, 1660 in Nidda. She was the daughter of Johann Daniel Seip who in 1639 was the Hessian Master of Income in Marburg, and later an official in Battenberg (Eder) and in 1660 an official in Biedenkopf, and his wife Elisabeth Krug zu Nidda (born December 3, 1615 in Nidda; died October 22, 1640 in Marburg. They had 4 children. the 3 brothers studied in 1681 at the University of Mainz:
- 1. Johann Daniel, baptized July 28, 1661 in Frankfurt a. M.
- 2. Ludwig Ernst, baptized January 16, 1663 in Marburg. Also studied law in Prague and Paris, but then became a priest of a Catholic order.
- 3. Jakob Reinhard, baptized January 10, 1665 in Ortenberg.
- 4. Maria Veronika, who married Baron von Freyberg.
- Next, Ernst Ludwig married Anna Bruenings, daughter of a Heidelberg superintendent. They had 2 sons:
- 1. Johann Anton, born January 27, 1692 in Saarbockenheim, and was a valet of Empress Amalia.
- 2. Joseph Nikolaus, born 1697, a clergyman.
Next, Johann Michael married 18-year-old Maria Barbara Paniel in 1633, a catholic and an orphan whose father had been in the service to Count Kriechingen. She died November 6, 1635, again fleeing Kriechingen. Count Gallas totally destroyed Kriechingen in October 1635 and while fleeing, Maria was struck by pestilence and died in Lutzelstein. They were on their way to Strasbourg where she planned to convert to Lutheranism but instead this occurred on her deathbed in Luetzelstein. Her father was baptized in the Lutheran church of Buschbach in the county of Eberstein. Maria was only 16 when her mother died and the Wild Game and Rhine Countess Margarete, Countess von Salm and Lady of Finstingen took her in. At a social event hosted by Countess Margarete, at which Maria Barbara sang a French song, Moscherosch met his second wife. After his arrival in Strasbourg, he composed elegies to his late wife and published them in her honor together with other poems of mourning. This marriage was childless.
- There is also a report that all of Ernst Ludwig's sons became Catholic clergymen and therefore never married or had children.
Finally, he married Anna Maria Kilburg (born 1615 in Finstingen, buried April 12, 1694 in Frankfurt am Main) on October 4, 1636, in Finstingen, a 21-year-old orphan, daughter of the local scribe and the official secretary of an imperial count, Johann Kilburg and his wife Franziska Orth of Bitburg (Eifel), and granddaughter of ennobled administrator Mathias Kilburger. She bore Johann 10 children.
- 1. Ernst Bogislaus, born July 1, 1637 in Strassburg, died about 1702, and married Maria Elisabeth Erhard (baptized August 19, 1638), who was the daughter of secondary school teacher and parish schoolmaster Laurentius Erhard and Katharina Muench of Frankfurt. Ernst studied law and philosophy in Strassburg 1654-1656, and in Giessen in 1659. He was a secondary school teacher in Frankfurt am Main. They had 5 children:
- a. Elisabeth, baptized February 6, 1666.
- b. Anna Margarethe, baptized December 12, 1667.
- c. Susanne Katharina, baptized January 9, 1670.
- d. Anna Maria, baptized April 1, 1673.
- e. Johann Ernst, baptized August 8, 1675, died April 21, 1743, who married the widow Anna Eleonore Hangkammer (nee Henrich) (baptized January 15, 1674, died April 23, 1748) on January 4, 1701. He was a notary in Frankfurt. They had 4 children, 3 of whom died shortly after birth.
- f. His surviving son was Egidius Nikolaus, born February 10, 1706 in Frankfurt, died January 6, 1746 in Herrnhut i. Sa., who married Johanna Elisabetha Ohlenschlaeger (born September 22, 1708 in Frankfurt; died August 16, 1748 in Herrnhut i. Sa.) on August 25, 1734. Johanna was the daughter of businessman Heinrich Christoph Ohlenschlaeger (born June 9, 1708) and Johann Elisabeth Lang (died September 12, 1721 in Gruenberg/Oberhessen as the wife of parson Heinrich Christoph Leusler). Egidius held the office of secretary for Count von Zinzendorf in Berthelsdorf-Herrnhut. Egidius and Johanna had two known children:
- 1) Johann Samuel, born December 29, 1738 in Frankfurt, died August 19,
- 2) 1746 in Herrnhut.
- 3) Benigna, born December 25, 1743 in Herrnhut, died October 4,
- 4) 1812 in Niesky, who married Albrecht Siegmund Eckberg (died May 7, 1803 in Kleinwelka) on May 15, 1774 in Gnadau. They had no known children.
- 2. Ernestine Amely, born September 20, 1641 in Finstingen and died January 29, 1648 in Strassburg.
- 3. Veronika Sybilla, buried January 2, 1674 in Frankfurt am Main.
- 4. Susanna Elisabeth, born January 14, 1646 in Strassburg, who married Baron Johann Erhard Schenk von Castell.
- 5. Johann Balthasar, born August 31, 1647 in Strassburg and died April 9, 1703 in Darmstadt. spent 9 years in Italy and was called to Darmstadt in 1678 as court librarian and Italian language teacher by Landgrave Ludwig IX. He was married twice.
- He first married Anna Clara Goetz (born September 24, 1654 in Friedberg; died September 16, 1692 in Darmstadt) on November 5, 1678 in Friedberg. Anna was the daughter of Castle parson Johann Philipp Goetz of Friedberg. They had 6 children, 5 of whom died young. One son survived:
- Johann Wilhelm, born October 15, 1686, died February 20, 1730, both in Darmstadt, who married Anna Margarethe Zorn (born March 27, 1688 in worms; died October 16, 1739 in Darmstadt), on October 25, 1712. Anna was the daughter of Councilor Johann Peter Zorn. Johann Wilhelm was a businessman in Darmstadt. Johann and Anna had 8 children (apparently 7 daughters and 1 son), but only one son is known:
- a. Ludwig Balthasar, born August 5, 1722, died March 8, 1783, who married Susanna Elisabeth (last name unknown - buried in Darmstadt March 14, 1786). Ludwig was an army surgeon and died childless.
- His second marriage was to Anna Barbara Burger (born June 17, 1672 in Bensheim; died November 12, 1742 in Darmstadt as the wife of town councilor Matthias Schober). They had 3 children, of whom only one son survived:
- a. Melchior, born April 3, 1694, died September 14, 1763, who married Christine von der Lahr (born February 11, 16902; died February 27, 1770, both in Darmstadt), on January 11, 1724 in Darmstadt. Christine was the daughter of saddler and coach maker Johannes von der Lahr and Maria Margaretha Mueller of Frankfurt a.M. Christine's ancestors belonged to the reformers who were driven from the Spanish Netherlands in the 16th century because of their religion. Melchior was a Frankfurt businessman. They had 3 children:
- 1) Anna Barbara, born September 10, 1724, died September 28, 1764, both in Frankfurt, who married Issac Andreas Bocquet (born 1712; buried in Hanau December 23, 1773); his ancestors also belonged to the Netherlands religious refugees. He was a manufacturer.
- 2) Christiana, born July 23, 1730, died October 25, 1733, both in Frankfurt a. M.
- 3) Philipp Jakob, born January 2, 1727, died July 2, 1785, both in Frankfurt a.M., who married Elisabeth Hosang (born October 28, 1733; died July 28, 1766, both in Frankfurt a. M.) on August 14, 1753 in Frankfurt. Elisabeth was the daughter of notary Andreas Hosang and Maria Rab. they had 3 children:
- a) Johann Melchior, born May 11, 1755, died May 13, 1755, both in Frankfurt a.M.
- b) Katharina Christina Elisabetha, born December 12, 1760, died January 30, 1761, both in Frankfurt a. M.
- c) Anna Barbara, born November 4, 1763, died April 15, 1843, who married Stuttgart businessman Johann Wilhelm Hahn (died April 27, 1817 in Frankfurt a.M.), on September 2, 1782 in Frankfurt a.M. Johann was the son of the ducal gun loader Georg Christian Hahn and later forest administrator in Kloster-Hirsau. Johann took over his father-in-law Philipp's business in the market following the marriage to Anna. In 1788, he acquired the house "Zum Esslinger" on the Huehnermarkt (Chicken Market) from Johanna Maria Melber (nee Textor), a younger sister of Goethe's mother. They had no known children.
Johann was a writer, a satirist, and a moralist. In 1612, he began attending the "Strasbourg Gymnasium", a high school of high standards which also taught Latin. The upper classes were offered a curriculum on the same level as beginning university studies, enabling graduates to enter advanced positions of administration and church offices. Some of Moscherosch's notebooks still exist and show he pursued studies far beyond the given curriculum, using borrowed and an amazingly large number of his own books. In 1620, he began to study philosophy at the university there and he became familiar with late humanistic, Latin scholarliness. On April 27, 1621, he passed his baccalaureate examination and went on to the University of Strasbourg, where he earned his master's degree in 2 years, finishing first in his class, on April 8, 1624. Next, he took his degree as doctor juris in Geneva, Switzerland. He spent some time in Paris, and on his return to Germany, he began to study law in Strasbourg in 1626 and worked as a private tutor for the children of Count Johann Philipp II von Leiningen-Dagsburg at Hartenburg Palace in Duerkheim. But he lost his tutoring job when he roughly thrashed one of the count's two sons, breaking the arm of 6-year-old Johann Philipp. Throughout his life, Moscherosch apparently had trouble controlling his temper and was prone to tantrums, ironically similar to his character in his most famous book, "Philanders von Sittewalt".
- 6. Johann Michael, baptized January 3, 1650 and buried November 15, 1671 in Frankfurt.
- 7. Anna Margaretha, born May 6, 1652 in Strassburg.
- 8. Heinrich Karl, baptized October 10, 1654 and buried August 21, 1666 in Frankfurt a. M.
- 9. Johann Friedrich, baptized on September 4, 1656 in Hanau.
- 10. Unknown.
He was turned down for the position of professor of poetry at the University of Strasbourg, but on August 1, 1630, he became tutor and magistrate (Amtmann) for Count Peter von Kriechingen at Kriechingen, near Metz, and stayed there until 1635. The area was constantly at war between French, Swedish, and German, Catholic and Lutheran, and he lost his first wife fleeing this violence. Amid continuing military actions of the Thirty Years War, he married his second wife and experienced further plundering and heartache. While the marriage only lasted 2 years before she died, his second wife left a strong and lasting impression on him. "Moscherosch met her dressed as the shepherdess Phyllis, during a court ball. This seems to be the reason why from that time of happy love, he called himself Philander".
His family and property were repeatedly subjected to the ravages of the 30 Years War (1618-1648) , exposed to the plague, and almost reduced to starvation. He became a farmer to survive. In 1636, he sought refuge in Strasbourg and became secretary in the town. His most famous work was "Wunderliche und Warhafftige Gesichte Philanders von Sittewalt", basically a translation of a Spanish work, but changed to reflect his own values and ideas, and centered on German traditions rather than Spanish. It was basically a satire of foreign influences on the German culture. He began working on this book in 1638, when he was employed as administrator (advisor and official to the government of Festingen an der Saar) by the 16-year-old Duke Ernst Bogislav von Croy-Arschot in Finstingen. The book was first published in 1640. During the next 20 years, the book was constantly added to and edited, with German words replacing foreign words.
Near the end of the Thirty Years War, the Swedes recognized his abilities and he became their military advisor in his section of Germany (Benfeld im Elsass). At the end of the war, he was asked to be involved in the peace negotiations, but declined, instead taking municipal employment in Strasbourg, where he received civic rights and was soon president of the chancellery and minister for the church and military affairs. He also held the positions of manager of the foundation "Zum Offenburg", was secretary of a Swedish citizen, and bailiff of the city of Strasbourg (March 15, 1645 - January 21, 1656) where he accepted a higher position in the realm of police and justice work and counselor to the Elector of Mainz and privy counselor to the Landgravine of Hessen. Then things went downhill. He lost his office when he was suspected of adultery in 1656 and not cleared. He then served Count Friedrich Casimir of Hanau-Munzenberg until the end of 1660 as administrative councilor, but lost that position when he was accused (with other hard to prove misdeeds) that he misused his office to benefit his family by giving his son Ernst Ludwig the position of Chamberlain-Secretary, and that his other son's studies were paid for with public money. If he was guilty, he would fit right in with today's politicians. On August 23, 1660, Elector Johann Phillip von Mainz named him to his and the archbishopric's household. In 1662, he was named advisor to the household of Landgravine Hedwig Sophia von Hessen in Kassel and also performed in the advisor and chief official positions for Count Cratz von Scharfenstein and the Rhine Counts of Daun and Kirburg in Rhineland. He lost his Strasbourg civic rights in 1662 and looked for employment for several years until 1667 when he obtained the position if Chief Administrator for Count Johann Ludwig von Dhaun. He decided to retire in 1699 and died on April 4, 1669 on a journey to visit his son, who taught in Frankfurt.
He apparently spoke both Spanish and French, in addition to his native German. In several articles, he has been described as "...the great, scholarly satirist...", "...the irreproachable, exemplary patriot", "...the author could never be accused of lack of straightforwardness or principles".
From 1645 on, he was a member of the Fruchtbringende Gesellschaft, a society for the purification and promotion of the German language, founded by Prince Ludwig von Anhalt-Kothen in 1617, and the most important society of literature and language. The society sought to encourage the use of the German language in literature, instead of French, which was the usual language. His fraternal name was "Der Traumende", (The Dreamer). He attempted to reform though the satirizing of excesses, corruption, and decay. His depiction's of the sufferings and errors in his own land is an important contribution to German cultural history. " In a time often marked by an abject susceptibility to foreign styles and influences, and despite his own amazing acquaintances with foreign languages and literatures, he wrote with a fervent loyalty to German ways and the German past. His mood is not only one of satire; it evinces a tragic or pessimistic sense of history. He is in a sense, one of the 'primitives'". I have obtained a copy of his book Philanders von Sittewalt through an international import book service and, while I cannot read it because it is in German, it is nice to have a copy written by one of relatives on the shelf. A street in Strassburg is named after him and the city of Willstatt erected a memorial to him in 1907.
Following are the two translated articles on Johann Michael Moscherosh's ancestors
Magazine/Journal for the History of the Upper Rhein
published by the Baden Historical Commission
New Instalment volume 35 (The whole series 74. volume)
Heidelberg Carl Winters University Book Shop 1920
Contributions to the Description of the Life and Geneology of Hans Michael Moscherosch and his Family
by Maximiliam Huffschmid
A few years ago, for other reasons, as I went through the exemplary publication of the church registers of the Dutch Reform Congregation at Frankental by A. von den Velden, I found repeatedly mentioned therein the name of the family Ackermann (more correctly Ackermans). .Because I knew that Moscherosch's first wife Esther came from them, I busied myself in the beginning with acquainting myself with the , until now, hardly dealt with interfamily connections/links. However, as time went on, I extended my search to the similarly little noticed Moscheroschs and their relatives. Because various Archives were closed to me as a result of the world war, (it was difficult to get to places for the research), so I will first publish only two sections of my work of which, in my opinion, little of significance is missing. I have used here primarily Moscherosch's works and all the available literature about him. Unfortunately, we still do not possess the complete new printing of "The Story of the Philanders from Sittewald" Huffschmid then cites other sources he did use: A version from Felix Bobertag (Kürschner, German National Literature, 32. Vol. 1883) For the "Insomnis Cura Parentum" there was the copy produced by Ludwig Pariser, Halle a.S. 1893 and another from 1653 (Pariser S.V; B)
The Origins of the Moscherosch Family
Moscherosch gives not the slightest bit of information as to where his family comes from, who his ancestors were on his father's side or which positions they held. Whereas on his mother's side without" imagining anything" what arises is, that his great grandfather on his mother's side, Quirin Peck, was a Dane of nobility and that the Old Knight Sebastian Schertel von Burtenback (more of a title, I think, than 'old'), was a brother of his great grandmother. He mentions his father, as far as I can see, only in two places. When he was in service of someone and moved to court the first time, his father gave him instruction (on the way there). At another place Moscherosch warns his children not to burden themselves with goods, fields or houses as his father and he himself had done. Otherwise it was only known through the eulogy, which the Lutheran minister Matthias Meigener gave at Moscherosch's funeral in Worms on the 6 April (a.St)., 1669 und whose "Personalia" apparently was based on the statements of those left behind, that the Father was called Michael and held the office of Kirchenschaffner (church steward?) of Willstätt in the state of Hanau(-Lichtenberg). It was Dittmar who first added to knowledge of his ancestors, in his Introduction to an incomplete publication of the history of Moschenrosch (1830), which he could follow up until 1500. A great granddaughter of the satirist , the widow of the Merchant Johann Wilhelm Hahn, Anna Barbara, born Moscherosch in Frankfurt am Main (15 April 1843) had made family papers available to him for this purpose. Among them was a family book. Because one couldn't find the place they were being kept, the Introduction of the "Genaologie" according to Pariser will be reported: "Genalogie of the Moscherosch family fecit 8mo (!) Jilij 1750 from (1)Philipp Jacob Moscherosch. According to these old documents Moscherosch was in old times a noble Spanish family and had a seat in the province of Aragonne , but because of marriage later settled in Germany, von wannen aber dieselbe ihre Denomination erhalten, (where they kept their denomination??); So much, however, is certain, that they originated from Mosenros, antique aber von Musenros geschrieben (written Musenros in the olden times?) ; because of the numerous sons and heirs and the difficult legal process against the Duke of Lothringen and Count Friedrich Casimir of Hanaw (Hanau), the heirs were induced little by little to settle into the middle classes , how then the latter deceased Duke of Lothringen let the collected letters and documents from the brothers Johann Anthon and Joseph Nicolaus von Moscherosch and Wisselsheim be brought by force to Nantzig, where they all now lie. From the family papers used by Dittmar, as far as their content states, The family tree was as follows:
1. Don Jeronimo de Musenrosh, Infançon or member of the Knights of Aragon, about 1500
married to Ehphemia de Balbron
3. Maternus von Mosenrosh, 1527 Married 1551 Magdalena von Wangern
- 2. Marzloff von Musenrosh, Captain for the Kaiser, Karl V, moved with Karl from Barcelona to the Netherlands in 1520, stayed in Aachen when Karl returned to Spain in 1522, because he was in love with the daughter of a Netherlands nobleman from Vespenan
- Married to Katharina von Vespenan in Strassburg, where her father betook himself with his family (also spelled Vespenär)
4. Maaternus Moscherosch (I think this is the spelling, the photocopy was poor) 1553 gave up the title because the family fell on hard times because of unfortunate proceedings/law suits and settled into the middle class
married to Apollonia von Rittershofen from Hagenau
5. Michael Moscherosch, 1578, Kirchensenior (something to do with adminitration in his church) and magistrate/bailiff in Willstätt
married Vernonika Beck in 1600
6. Hans Michael Moscherosch, the satirist
On this family tree rests what is still the main, uncontested and irrefutable view which is found in many literary histories and essays about Moscherosch, that his family has origins in Aragon nobility. Who, however, has done anything with family history would also understandthe mistrust that might exist of the reliability of the family trees of earlier centuries, especially when dealing with the middle class or originally middle class families. What is peculiar/characteristic is that Moscherosch, while he reports that his great grandfather on his mother's side, the Danish nobleman Quirin Peck, mentioned above, came into this country and wanted to have a lower position (socially), he did not also mention that his grandfather on his father's side, Maternus M., likewise set aside his title and entered the middle classes, also that Moscherosch said not a thing about his own Spanish origins. Since the first part of his "History/Story" is a free working of "Sueñow" (Dreams) of the Spaniard Don Francisco Gomez de Quevedo y Villegas (1580-1645), it would have been natural for him to indicate that he was a countryman of his ancestors. When Moscherosch's son Ernst Ludwig, wrote to Kaiser Leopold I, asking to be made a noble of the realm, he also didn't mention his origins in Aragon, or , what would have influenced things, that his forefather, Marzloff von Musenrosh, served the House of Hapsburg under Karl V in the war. When you consider that the family tree presents Michael Moscherosch (father of the satirist) , who can be shown to have lived in simple and modest circumstances as Kirchenschaffner (someone who takes care of things in the local church, I think) in Willstätt, as the magistrate of that place and that almost all the woman are supposed to have come from noble families, it is not difficult to recognise that the Fertiger (Supposed to be someone who makes or consigns things) Philipp Jakob M. was intent on making a show of ancestors of nobility. To be sure, Ernst Ludwig M. had already brought up in his written pleas to the Kaiser in 1671 that "grandparents and parents had at all times wed with noble houses." But this assertion is also incorrect. His mother Esther Ackermans was middle class, and the supposedly noble families von Rittershofen, von Wangern, von Vespenan and von Balbron cannot at all or at least not in this time be traced or identified. The correct solution, which decides the question from whence come the Moscherosches,in one stroke , is provided by that written pleas to the Kaiser of 1671, in which Ernst Ludwig M. . refers to his father Hans Michael as an "old patrician from Hagenau" (I can't find Patricius but Patrizier is an old roman noble) . It's also probably not provable that the Moscherosches belonged to 'old and noble' family stock, thus (or perhaps although) families with this or a similar name have existed in Hagenau as far back as 1487, therefore, at a time when the alleged ancestor Don Jeronimo de Musenrosh should have lived in Aragon. We have found up till now the following persons of similar or the same name:
1487. Matterne Mossenrösch, the butcher. Cristine his first, Katherine his second wife. From Hanau Cartulaire de l'Eglise. (Cartulaire= list of charters) Page 398.
The photocopy is poor in this section
1491.30.4 ie April 30, 1491. and 1492.2.12 Claus Moschenrosch, the butcher. pages 400. 417
1494.7.1 Barbel Michels Moschenros, widow of the butcher
1496.10.8 Mattern Moschenrosch, heir of the butcher (huse uff dem Graben: this looks dutch and could mean house by the ditch) and Mattern Moschenrosch, butcher p. 415.416
1501.1.9 Johannes Moszeresch of Hagenau, canonicus (canon?) in Surburg Argent, dioc. (diocese) Toepke, the register of the University of Heidelberg 1, 441
1502 Court. 'Stosset mit einem ende uf Michael Moschenross, des metzgers, matten. Batt. the property at Hagenau in the Alsace 1,284. Anm. (Anmerkungen = notes) Can't translate this too well. something about coming upon Michael Moschenross of the butcher.
1506.9.11 Johannes Mozyenroch, baccalarius artium ciae antiquae (Someone who studies ancient ways of life?) Toepke 1, 441 Anm, 7.
1557. Among the dead Canonice of Surburg mentions Bernhard Hertzog Chronicon (chronicler) Alsaticae. Alsation choricles, Book 3, p. 61. Joannes Moschenros. Canon. 1557
1562. Martin Moscherosch, Unterschultheiss in Zabern, mentioned several times in the Council records of Strassburg. Information notices of the city archives in Strassburg.
16th century. Adam Wanger in Hagenau, married to Ann Moschenrossin. Hertzog book 9, p. 198.
1573.4.8 Martin Moschenros from Hanau. p511, Anm.1
1580. Lorenz Moschenross, the butcher, living 'on the ditch' Father of Stettmeister Kaspar Moschenrossen. Batt 1, 141. Anm.1 (Couldn't find the meaning of Stettmeister, might be related to Staatmeister)
1614.3.6 The dwelling on the ditch, on the other side to Lorenz Moschenross, the butcher (maison Roberdeau. Röhrich, Information from the history of the Evangelisch Church of Alsace. 2, 485. Batt. 2, 534.
1617. Michael Moschea rosch (!), town clerk in Börsch (near Rosheim), allowed the Renaissance fountain to be built in front of the council house. Martin, in the almanac of the society for lothr. history and archaeology 3, 4 Anm.1.
1626.8.12 on the ditch, partly about Georg Moschenross the butcher. Batt 2.534.
1627.8.7 on the ditch, partly about Jörg Moschenross, the butcher
1630.14/24.7 Jörg Moschenross, the butcher. . Batt 2, 543.
1639.16.8 Kaspar Moschenros, elected to be juror, still lived at the beginning of 1652, but doesn't appear any more later. Hanauer (from Hanau) and Klélé. The old statues book of the city of Hagenau. P. 93
Hence it follows, therefore, that with all certainty, in Hagenau, since the end of the 15th century, butchers were resident, who soon called themselves Mossenrösch, Moschenrosch, Moschenros, Moschenross and the like. With this, I believe, the Moschenrosch origin from Aragon can be regarded as abolished and likewise the attempts by A. Ebert, Knorad Hofman, Martin and Schmid to explain the name of Moschenrosch from the Spanish language. Moreover, the satirist hadn't even believed in it himself. In some of his books, which can still be found the court library in Darmstadt, as, for example, in the "Medicina Salernitana, Francofurti 1612" in 8º (?) he entered his name: Johannes Michael Mosche Rosch Wilstadiensis Hanoicus 1616" (I think that's Willstätt, Hanau). In the story "Welt-Wesen" (World Being)Experuts Robertus (who personified Experience) called him a "Hebrew Moyses.Kopff (Moses Head) (Mosche und Rosch=Head), whereupon Philander von Sittewald
(Moscherosch) to be sure admits, that he "belonged to the Hebrew Doctor Arx mihi firm Deus (don't know this) (an the Edge: Blankenberguis) in the five years publicly and very diligently, but was so poor in such language that he could hardly entice a dog from the (oven/outdoors???) with Aleph, Beth, Gimel. His friend Georg Philipp Harsdörffer also found in the name Moscherosch the Hebrew words for Moses and head. This word play is not worth bothering about, however, no more than the learned word play that indicates that the name consists of Greek (kalb, calf) and the hebrew rosch , giving calf's head.
The Christian name Marzloff, which the son of the "Infançon" is supposed to have used, also doesn't do much to corroborate the Spanish (Aragon) origins of the family. It is, rather, known in the Alsace and in Badischen Hanau country, partly in this form, partly as Marzolf, as well as a Christian name and a family name. It is cited, for example, a document displayed on St. Marolfs Day 1419 in Buchsweiler. 1497. Marzoff von Hohstette, citizen of Hagenau.; died there as juryman in 1506. 1504 Hans Marzolf in Auenheim; 1518. Marzolf Waldeck, juryman in Hagenau; 1520 Marzolf, son of a shoemaker Hans von Hermersweiler; 1533 Marzolf von Wittersheim; 1551 Jacob Martzolf von Sulz; 1561 Marzolf Scheit t Bucksweiler; 1568 (poor photocopy) Marzolf Günther, Schultheiss, and Marzolf Stumpf from Winzenheim; 1572 Hans Marzolf Zauss, citizen of Lochweiler; Marzolf Harst, citizen and Schaffner (worker?steward?) at the Augustine cloister at Hagenau; 1578 Marzolf von Mutzig, master of the hospital at Buchsweiler; 1584 Marzolf Zusser, citizen of Lochweiler and the children of Martzolff Truttman von Kriegsheim; 1588Marzolf von Mutzig, citizen of Bucksweiler, and Marzolf of Bucksweiler and Marzolf Scheitt, citizen of Bucksweiler; 1591 Marzolf Beck from Lockweiler; 1637 Katharine, widow of Marzolf Simmel, citizen of Forstfeld; 1658 Heirs of Marzloff Reinhard von Landsperg yu Welersheim. (Footnote: The names have been taken from the Badische Historical Commission.) In the Alsace Gangolf is in the same way switched with Gangloff
There are also some serious reservations about the noble origins of Euphemia von Balbron., Katharina von Vespenan, Magdalena von Wangern and Apollonia von Rittershofen. There were no noble von Rittershofens in the Alsace. Apollonia evidently belonged to a middle class familiy in Hagenau, which named itself after the place Rittershofen in the former Hanau-Lichtenberg domain. Magdalena von Wangern was called, without a doubt, only Wanger. From this old, already mentioned in 1404, Hagenau family, came court jury members and a stettmeister . Just as, in the 16th century, Adam Wanger in Hagenau married Anna Mosenrosh, so would also Matern Mosenrosh have got his wife Magdalena from the Family Wanger there. What sort of connection there was with the alleged Netherlands family cannot be ascertained. A noble of this name cannot be found. There were, of course, in the Alsace Knights with the similar sounding name of Wespermann. Nevertheless these appear to be provable only at the beginning of the 15th century. Don Jeronimo's wife was no more from Aragon than he was, as you can see from her homeland. The name she was born with pointed quite certainly to the place, Balbronn near Wasselnheim, the former seat of a Hanau-Lichtenberg region, which, in the 17th century, was moved to Westhofen. By all means, there was also a noble family von Balbronn, which had, however, probably died out at the end of the 15th century.
Familial connections with two families in Hagenau point to (the likelihood) that Hagenau was the homeland of the Moschenrosch. In the story "The Last Judgment" Moschenrosch reports that he saw in La Grand Chartreuse ( castle?) near Grenoble large paintings of the life of the holy Bruno of Cologne, the founder of the Carthusian order, and had heard the story of the founding of the cloister "from Father Ruoffen Herren -Licentiat Johan Ruoffens, once Stattmeister of Hagenau, grandchild of my cousin. The lic. iur. Johann Ruoff appears in Hagenau in 1592 as a jury member, in 1598 as old Stettmeister , and died on Monday, 30 June (n. St.) 1614. Mathias Ruff was probably his son , who there "Marschalk" (known as?) 1643. Also a jury member 1660.curator of the St. Georg factory/mill works and was buried 3 May (n.St.) 1662. The family was true to the old beliefs. As was Ursus Ruof 1590. Leader of the Catholic party in Rate. .
Moscherosch was also related with the Hagenau family Theus (probably latinised for the there traceable name of "Dies"). Under the 19th of March )a.St.= 1621 he noted in his diary:"My cousin Carolus Theus Hagenoënsis has been praesentiert in kost? (Kostherr was at the time the wooddealer and gatecloser Ludwig Mtyer in Strassburg (There are these few lines about a Kostherr., bottom of 192, top of 193. However, I don't know what a Kostherr is and can't quite understand the context. It seems to be someone who provides you with perhaps board and lodging, but I'm not sure.)
This blood relation (cognatus) went to supper, therefore, with Moscherosch in Strassburg at the same Kostherr's. Karl Theus was probably the son of Dcotor of Medicine Heinrich Theus and grandson of Laurentius Theus. The latter held the office of clerk of the court in Hagenau and juror of the imperial assize court. In 1574 he stepped down and received the position of an official/administrator for Leiningen-Westerburg in Oberbrunn and Rauschenburg (the former castle near Ingweiler) and died a few years later. Dr. Med. Heinrich Theus studied in Heidelberg (1591), Padua (1592) and Bologna (1593); In 1597 he married Anna Wülvisheim, became a doctor in Hagenau. In 1622, during the Mansfeld occupation, he was elected as juryman, dropped after return of the Kaiser in the same year1624. As school inspector/headmaster, because he was evangelisch (protestant)just like the evangelisch Stättmeister Philipp Wilweheim, probably a relative of his wife, he was dismissed from his post and exiled from Hagenau. 1639. He was juryman there again, was, however, in 1640, in the meantime relieved of his job and later resigned. 1647 and 1648 he lived in Strassburg.
From the portraits of Moscherosch it could also moreover be inferred where his place of origin was. On the fronticepiece of the second issue of the first Centurie? of his epigrammefrom 1643 there are eight medallions surrounded by nettles "urit, si tangis" , the one uppermost portraying Moscherosch, next to his right likewise in a medallion, a rose with the circular inscription "Spinis armata triumphat", accordingly, to his left a star giving off eight rays of light in a cross with the circular inscription "Per aspera ad astra" (Aspire to the Stars?). On the copper engraving by Peter Aubry from 1652 we likewise see the rose and the star; but the inscription reads: Per crucem ad lucem (through the cross to the light?). A document from 1664 verifies that the star is the family crest of the Moschenrosch's, so the rose represents the rose-bearing crest of the imperial city of Hagenau. Although only Moscheroch's father but not his forefather on his father's side can, up to now, be traced through documents (according to information from the Strassburg archives there are, before 1641, neither in the church books there nor the citizen books the name of Moscherosch), there nevertheless appears to be a connection with the Hagenau families in so far as to consist of, as the Christian name Maternus, which the grandfather and great grandfather are supposed to have had and which one of his brothers had occurs, strangely, with the oldest Namensvetter (cousin of that name?) in 1487 and 1496. Perhaps the connection is that Moscherosch, who in 1662 was without a job and who was feeling depressed and under pressure because of his poverty, turned to Hagenau, probably as the home of his forefathers, to get a position.
As a result of this investigation, we believe we have delivered proof that Moscherosch's forefathers came from Hagenau. A portion of the citizenry already followed the evangelical faith; they worked in service for the Hanau-Lichtenberg state and served his house "honestly for a hundred years", as Count Friedrich Kasimir of Hanau on the 29 September to 8 October 1659 wrote to the Elector of Mainz, Johann Philipp von Schönborn.
Moschenrosch's Parents, Forefathers on his mother's side, his Siblings and their Children
1. Moscherosch's father was called Michael M., who, according to the family tree came into the world in 1578 as the son of Maternus(!) M. and Appolonia von (!) Rittershofen from Hagenau: According to Beinert, he was a Strassburger, for which, however, there hasn't been any proof available until now. Rather, according to the previously mentioned text of Count Friedrich Kasimir of Hanau of 29 September to 8 October 1659, we accept that he was the son of a Hanau-Lichtenberg official. Michael wed (according to the family tree 1600) Veronika, the daughter of Hanau-Lichtenberg official and Church manager/Steward in Willstätt, Quirin Becker and Euphemia, born Rauschart, from Bruchsal. From 1599 he appears as his successor, but only in the position of church steward. As a sideline he ran a farm and burdened himself, as his son expressed it, with goods, fields, or houses. So he possesses "a house with surroundings or Houseplace" in Willstätt., which was sold in 1670 to the manor/estate of the Count of Hanau.; furthermore, in 1618 he got for 70fl. ¾ Matten (alpine meadow?) Poor photocopy here. He was mentioned in the inventory of Willstätt in 1626 several times as a neighbour. (I'm not sure who was a neighbour to whom.).The five Jeuch acres (between 2500 and 5000 sq meters old German) and four Morgen (0.6-0.9 acres) meadows, which the Moscherosch heirs in 1659 and the four Morgen piece of land which they owned in 1664 probably also originated from him.; likewise the six and a half Jeuch (can't find this measure), the six morgen meadows and the House place in the nearby village of Hesselhurst, which the surviving family members sold between 1652 and 1687. In 1612 M. was elected for one year to the post of Heimbürgen or Waldmeister. . (Can't find these terms. Waldmeister, translated literally means Master of the Forest). In 1618 he was a juryman and in 1625 he served a s Münzgegenschreiber (the closest I could find was 'kontrolleur', who keeps track of gold and silver to be melted, the proper weight of coins, the number and type of each press of coins). When, on September 27, 1634 Willstätt was "burned to the ground" by Johann von Werth, Michael's house, in which his son Hans Michael was born, went up in flames. He died at the beginning of July, 1636 and was buried, according to the Willstätt church book, on July 10th.
2. His wife Veronika, born Becker, moved to Strassburg, so it appears, right after his death. A letter, dated 6 April 1640 from Hans Michel Moscherosch to his friend Samuel Gloner bore the address:
"To the ehrenvesten (honourable?) S. Glonero at the praisworthy university of Strassburg latino professori (latin professor?) to be delivered at the home of the mother of Amtman (official) Moscherosch. He also order his wife in 1641, in case he "in diesem Unwesen plötzlich verfallen verfallen sollte" (not sure about this, in case he should deteriorate?), she should move to Strassburg so that she could also help his mother in her old age. 1652 she was mentioned as still living there (I assume they mean Veronika). In 1669 she was already dead.
3. Her father, the Willstätt official and church steward, must have been different than the other officials there, a man who was not self-seeking and was of good character. Zincgref cites of him that, once, when Count Johann Reinhard von Hanau-Lichtenberg came to Willstätt and the other officials and servants, as was customary, asked him for some sort of honour, he asked the church steward to do the same.; up till then he (QB) hadn't received any honour from him. QB answered, that he didn't want anything from their Graces, other than that they continue to regard him with the same grace/in the same way at all times, and what he had done for their Graces as a service had occurred out of duty by virtue of paying a debt and salary he received, he also prays to God to protect him from such-like impolite demands. Because Count Johann Richard I came to power on 2 June 1599 and Quirin Beckers son-in-law Michael Mosherosch was already documented as church warden, the incident must have happened later and Quirin Becker must also then have been employed as an administrator. Although Zincgref, Moscherosch and Meigener call him "Beck", his name was always written as "Becker" in the bills that were kept. Nothing is known about the time of his death. In any case he was no longer alive in 1631 since Zincgref refers to the administrator "who was".
4. QBs father was, according to Moscherosch, Quirinus Peck, a "Dane of nobility, who as a page of the miserable King Christien, through divine ordinance came to this country and chose a lower social standing, the Pecks were still very important, noble and imposing in Denmark. That Moscherosch had relatives there follows form the dedication from the story "Children of Hell" in which he thanks his friend, the preacher Johann Rist from Wedel (Hostein), for getting Sören Terkelsen (previously a chamber servant of King Friedrick IV of Denmark, since 1633 Tax Administrator in Glückstadt) to translate the "Insomnis cura parentum"into Danish. "Tu nempe virum nobilem, magnum, cirdatum Severinum Terkelsen, tam mehi aicum fecisti, tam familiae meae coniunctum" etc. Sorry, can't translate.
5. The administrator and church steward Quirin Becker was married to Euphemia Rauschart of "Brussel". However this was understood to be Bruchsal, not Brüssel, which is shown in the register of the university of Heidelberg, where it is written on September 15, 1549: "Israel Rauschart Brusselensis dio. Spir." (The footnote refers to them living in the diocese Speier, which is near Heidelberg and Bruchsal, not Brussels) In the words of Moscherosch: ""my grandmother, Mrs. Euphemia Rauschartin , who was a genuine reflection of a Christian, patient matron and bearer of the cross, had often sighed, as I did hear often in my youth" (thereupon follows a little prayer of the crucifix?) This allows one to infer that he had actually known her. We find three of her sayings in Zincgref Apophthegmata 2, 62 (1631), which were, without doubt, passed on to him by Moscherosch. the first is a part of "the little prayer of the cross."
6. According to Zincgref a.a.O.? and Moscherosch, Euphemia's mother was a sister of the old knight and Colonel Sebastian Schertel von Burtenback, from whom Moscherosch, in the introduction to the story "Thurnier" relates a statement already put down by Zincgref. Unfortunately, neither his life story, nor the preserved Schertel family archives in the State archives, nor the files on Knights found there provides information about this relationship/family link. Perhaps the following places in (his) life story refer to the parents of Euphemia Rauschart: "On rent-day, according to Andreas (2 December 1522) my dear sister Agnes died peacefully at Rastatt, God be merciful" and in 1548 "Item meinen Schwestermann, um dass er mein gedacht hat mit worten, hat er (der Kaiser) durch Erasmus von der Hauben niederwerfen lassen, Christof Berger had betrayed him and he was kept in prison for 16 weeks."In the year 1570, the Heidelberg University files reported, that an old man living out of town/abroad, who allegedly had a wife who was sister to the famous military leader Sebastian Schertlin, demanded from the rector of Heidelberg University to be received as an academic citizen, and mainly for the reason that he was a notary. The senate, however, didn't agree. Whether this man was the father of Euphemia Rauschart is undecided.
7. There were the following 12 children from the marriage of the church steward Michael Moscherosch and Veronika Becker, of which nine (1.5. - 12) were born in Willstätt, the three others probably also (2. -4.)
der Vogt sold several acres to the children of the of the deceased citizen of Scherzheim Bernhard Rapp on the 26th of March 1630 in a court document in Lichtenau. Maria Salome later lived in Strassburg and appears on 7 April 1637 as the only baptismal witness in the church book in Finstingen (Lothringen). A son was born to the couple on November 27, 1629 in Schwarzach (B.A.Buhl=. Possibly the same man or a brother of his is Johann Heinrich Rapp from Lichtena, who in 1646 became a pupil of the Wilhelmitanum Collegium in Strassburg and registered on the 27.3.1649 as a student of philosophy at the University, in the same year achieved the Honour of an academic degree, 1652, the honour of a master of philosophy and a poet laureate. In 1666 Rapp was a substitute at the upper gymnasium in Strassburg. In the Ins. cur. par. (Insomnis cura parenta) of 1653 there is a poem of praise from him, "To the Eygene (Eigen?=Proper) Heirs of this Testament", the sixth verse of which reads:
- 1. Hans Michael, the satirist
- 2. Euphemia 21.4.68, married to Michael Back, coach-builder in Willstätt
- 3. Maria Salome 2.3. 1629 married in Lichtenau (B.A.Kehl) to Bernhard Rapp aus Scherzheim (B.A.Kehl)a swan keeper in Willstätt. It appears he died soon after. At least
"You who encouraged me from youth
to the virtue of my happiness (as if I were
your brother) by your father raised
who treated me in a fatherly way.
(Someone else could probably translate this bit of verse better)
He appears, therefore, to have grown up in Moscherosch's house in Strassburg with his children. As further demonstrations of his poetic ability, there was, among other things, a poem of solace (1648) following the death of his cousin, Ernestine Amelie, daughter of Hans Michael Moscherosch, in which he called him and his wife 'cousins' and a poem in response to the death of Hans Michael Moscherosch himself (1669) with the notes: "This little thing should shows that he wanted to prove his true submissiveness towards his dear, now deceased/blessedly resting Hn. (Herrn/Honourable?) cousin for the charitable acts he had done for him."
- "Ihr, mit welchen mich
.(?) very poor photocopy 1.9.1608 married 14.2.1631 to Hans Ziegler, potter in Willstätt, as fugitive 9.1637 in Strassburg. (This might refer to the troubles between the Catholics and Protestants)
6. Maria Jakoba. get 20.1.1611 married Michael Reichert, Court preacher in Hanau in the Kapellanus (chapel?). , 1666 already a widow.
7. Amelia 11th (or 14th) February 1613. Godfather was the administrator in Willstätt, Adam Würtz. She lived later in Lichtenau-
8. Veronika, get. 18.9.1615. was already mentioned in 21.8.1630.
9. Hans Christof, get. 13.7.1617 acquired the rights of citizen in Strassburg, where he lived as a barber and wound doctor. (1647) on June 14th of the same year he spent time in Willstätt in order to have a birth document and departure (from Wilstätt) arranged. In a document from 1664 there is his family crest: a star with 8 rays. On the 17th of October 1670 he and his brother Master Maternus sold their father's house in Willstätt to the estate of the Count of Hanau. He married in Strassburg and had a great number of children.
10. Maternus 11. (get.14) 2, 1619. shoemaker in the Kurbengasse in Strassburg, who from 1649 on also had a great number of children, was still living on the 17th of October 1670.
11. Hans Ulrich. 23. (get.24).6.1621 married ...Sessler from Weissenburg, as "one-time leader in Benfelden " had a child christened in "at home in Henneberger Hof" In Strassburg, (He must have been in the service of a Swede, who from 1632-1650 had control of the Castle Benfeld). The godmother was the wife of his brother Hans Michael Moscherosch.
12. Quirin, get. 14.12.1623, godfather Theobald Trautmann, chamber servant in Buchsweiler. 1642, pupil of the Wilhelmitanum Collegium in Strassburg, enrolled as student of philosophy at the University there on 8 April 1645. In the same year Baccalaureat in Philosophy, then probably studied theology. 1648-55. Minister in Offendorf am Rhein near Bischweiler, where he set up a new church book/parish register, 1655-1675. in Bodersweiler (B.A.Kehl) . as a fugitive in Strassburg 19.4.1675. Under the name of "Philander" he was a member of the "Shepherd/Pastor and Flower Order of the Pegnitz" in Nürnberg, wrote , among other thing, "Corona civitatis Nordlingensis septem primae et secondae magnitudinis stellis corusca. Anagrammatismis adumbrata a Quirino Moscherosch Argentinae 1665", also "Poetic Flower Paradise from the Holy Bible. Nürnberg1673". He married Susanna Hübner from Nürnberg, who died at 49 years and six months as a fugitive on 10.3.1675 in Strassburg.
- 4. Hans Ulrich 2.1.1610
- Since the church books in Willstätt only go to 1608, it is not certain in which order the children from 1 to -4 came into the world.
- 5. Maria Magdalena get
. Daselbst 25.7.1661
9.Quirin. Bodersweier (get.2.11)1662
10.Chrintine. Bodersweier (get.8.=8.1669
Out of these ten children there were, other than Karl Gottwald, only Sophia Veronika, Susanna, Esther, Johanna and Christine alive in 1687.
- 2.Karl Gottwald, around 1652 , was a cabinet maker, church construction master and Gerichtsman (something in the law courts) in Burggräfenrode by Friedberg in Oberhessen where he, at 41 years of age, was buried on 22.4.1693. A son, Gregor, was born to him on 24.6.1689 in Burggräfenrode, who, having married three times, died on 2.3.1774. He is the progenitor or ancestor of the Moscherosch family which is still blooming in Frankfurt am Main, Assenheim, Burggräfenrode, Dortelweil and Grosskarben.
- These four children were certainly born in Offendorf. The church register in Burggräfenrode falsely accepts Bodersweier as the birthplace of Karl Gottwald.
- 5.Katharina, Elisabeth. Bodersweier (get.20) 4..1656
- 6.Johanna. Bodersweier (get. 27.) 6.1658
- 7.Maria Salome. Bodersweier. (get. 1.5) 1660 In that very place 15.8.1660 (don't know if they mean she died there as well)
- 8.Maria Magdalena. Bodersweier. (get.14.=7.1661
Johan Joakob Moscherosch was probably a son of one of the brothers of Hans Christof or Maternus or Hans Ulrich from Strassburg. He studied philosophy there in 1675. In 1677 he got his master's, in 1680 continued his studies in Giessen and was mentioned as a minister in Barr in the Alsace. A further descendant of one of those brothers was probably Samuel Moscherosch from Strassburg, who appeared there in 1703 as a student of philosophy and in 1706 as Magister (This could be either someone who got his master's, a school master or a tutor.)
For an orientation of the familial relations mentioned in this section on Han Michael Moscherosch there is the following overview. (unfortunately this page was as good as invisible. The photocopier didn't pick it up at all.)
The essence of the above chapter is that there was no Spanish nobility and that the family most likely came from Hanau. There may, however, have been a link with the Danish nobility on one side. There are many terms , eg. Schaffner, which are no longer used and which I could not find in my books.
Magazine for the History of the Upper Rhein
published by the Badischen Historical Commission
New Instalment Volume 46 The whole series 85.Vol.
1933 G.Braun, Publishers, Karlsruhe i. B. (in Baden?)
by Johannes Koltermann
- New Reports about the Ancestors of the Poet Moscherosch and his Life before and After his Time in Hanua
It is known, that from 1656-1660 the important author Johann Michael Moscherosch was in the services of Count Friedrich Kasimir of Hanau. This period also ended unsatisfactorily, as was the rule in Moscherosch's professional life: In the beginning of December 1660, it was necessary for him to flee Hanau. Extensive files concerning this period are in the Hanau archives, which now can be found in the government archives in Marburg. Because the working though and evaluation of this important source will demand considerable time, the comments about Moscherosch's origins and life before 1656 and after 1660 which occur occasionally in the Hanau archives will be handled here.
The fairly tale about the Moscherosch family going back to Spanish old nobility can probably be considered dealt with through the researches of Huffschmid. Moreover, Moscherosch himself had not contended one (Spanish) nor the other (old nobility).. He had only attributed noble origins to his mother. Nor did the Minister Matthias Meigener, who gave the funeral eulogy, mention in the usual addition to it (published in 1669) which contains a summary of the deceased's life, anything of the Spanish knights from which the Moscherosch family allegedly originated. It was first Heinrich Dittmar who deserves the dubious credit for introducing this fable into scholarship. The fable had endured for an astonishingly long time and each literary history which followed (Dittmar's work) brought it up again. Although Ludwig Pariser (1891) had expressed some scepticism about the value of the source Dittmar used, it was first Huffschmid who finally destroyed the figment of the imagination 90 years after Dittmar's confusion producing publication. He (Huffschmid) could trace numerous members of the family who carried out a middle class business as butchers at a time when supposedly the knightly origins were blossoming in Spain and elsewhere.
With the help of the Hanau files one can also prove that the grounds for the alleged renunciation of nobility by the ancestors of the poet are not valid. The Moscherosch family is supposed to have instigated protracted legal proceedings against Count Friedrich Kasimir of Hanau to renounce their noble standing. But these law suits only took place after the poet lost his position at court at the end of 1666 and stretch out for decades. The brothers Johann Anton and Joseph Nikolaus Moscherosch from Wisselsheim, who are mentioned in Dittmar's source, are grandchildren of the poet. They were actually noble, but only because their father, Ernst Ludwig, the eldest son of the poet, was ennobled two years after the death of the poet. This title cannot be applied back to the forefathers of the poet.
The Hanau archives speak, on the contrary, of the socially low origins of the Moscherosch's. As he (M. the poet), after being dismissed from his post, apparently defamed an adviser to the Count as a farmer's son, the adviser wrote back with indignation, that Moscherosch should think of his own origins, then he'd leave other honest people in peace. Even serfdom was once attributed to Moscherosch. Of course, only in 1673, ie a couple of years after his death, and in proceedings against his already mentioned son, Ernst Ludwig. He (EL) was, namely, asked at his second arrest in Hanau, among other things, "if he knew that his father was in bondage (served as a serf) to the Estate of the Count of Hanau". He answered: "he didn't know anything about that, never heard about that, and didn't believe it" The Next question was:"Und das Er, Inquisit, propter originem paternam gleichfals des H. Graven von Hanaw Leieigener seye." (I think this means that he, the person being questioned, because of his father, was then also a serf to the Count.) His answer was: "That was strange, so he didn't believe it." Of course, several questions at the hearing, that, by the way, offered other interesting disclosures, appeared only to have had the purpose of getting the prisoner's dander up. Because he was quite unpopular with the advisors of the Count, not only as the son of his father, who had got him on the career track as an officer and civil servant, but also because he was considered all to self-confident. At that time Ernst Ludwig was an officer of high rank, and, as already mentioned, and raised to nobility by the Kaiser, under the name of von Wisselheim. So it appeared, they (the advisers) used the opportunity with pleasure to dampen his self confidence. Therefore, one can reasonably hesitate to attribute serfdom to the Moscherosch family based on this late and solitary place in the files. Although the administrative authorities apparently held this opinion. However, even if one leaves the matter undecided, the low social origins of the family, referring to the already mentioned spontaneous outburst of a colleague in 1661, are quite probable. In the long run this lowly origin of the poet explains his sharp satire on the nobility, as Gervinus (wrote about German poetry) did. He (G) wants to trace (Moschenrosch's) "fundamental disdain for the pride in nobility and ancestors that the descendants of these people had" directly back to Moscherosch's noble origins.. (This doesn't make sense to me, but that's the way it translates)
There is some debate/doubt about how many ancestors of the poet were in the service of the Count of Hanau. The only thing that is vouched for is that his father was the Kirchenschaffner (church steward/warden?) in Willstätt (part of Hanau). In the files in Hanau one can find nothing about where he came from. Beinert says he was from Strassburg. Perhaps only because Dittmar relates that M's mythical ancestor, the Aragonne Knight, betook himself to Strassburg.
On the other hand, Huffschmid points to a letter of Count Friedrich Kasimir of Hanau to the Elector Johann Philipp of Mainz, in which the Count calls special attention to praising the Moscherosch family, that they served in his house "honestly for 100 years". The copy of the letter originates probably from Joh.M.Moscherosch himself. Whether it meant that the grandfather or even the great grandfather on his father's side was in the service of the Count, or whether it referred to the grandfather on his mother's side, is not clear. Nevertheless, a connection with the contended serfdom of the Moscherosch family could exist.
Perhaps one can similarly interpret another part of the letter. Namely, on 30 January 1661 the poet wrote at the end of a letter to Count John Philipp of Hanau, the brother of Friedrich Kasimir, "als neben dem ortischen Geschlecht der Eltisite Diener bleibe dem Hochgr.Haus main Lebetag verbunden..."(Something like..being related to the oldest servant, I remain bound to the your House all my life...) the somewhat ambiguous place (in the letter) appears to signify that the Moscherosch family were just as long in service in Hanau as was George Orth, whose position at that time as adviser to the Hanau Government in Buschsweiler can be traced. Unfortunately, it cannot be ascertained how long members of the Orth family were in service at Hanau.
It must then remain undecided as to whether the grandfather of the poet on his father's side was invested with an office in the service of the Count. It is only certain with his father. He, who first name was Michael, played a certain role in the files of his son about the Hanau legal proceedings. It is known that the title and position of Michael Moscherosch were earlier often falsely stated, although Meigener correctly reported that he was a Kirchenschaffner (church steward/warden) in Willstätt.
Streider's allegation that he was a preacher at Willstätt touched on a spoken misunderstanding. He cites Witten and Freher as sources. He notes, pertinently, that his two authorities go back to Meigener. But both wrote Latin. Witten translates the word Kirchenschaffner as "ecclesiarum curator", Freher as "ecclsieae dispositor". Strieder simply misunderstood the Latin expressions.
Dittmar made him a church senior (elder) and magistrate/bailiff, probably also according to his previously mentioned source, which wanted to show the alleged high rank of the family. Munckner followed him (did the same) in his article about Moscherosch in the "General German Biography, as did Martin.
These are errors for which the poet is completely innocent. Of course, he was once accused in the Hanau files of making false claims about his father. He once gave a false position for his father and secondly attributed to him without justification a great demand for payment against the Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg.
Both accusations were raised in a note of the Government to Buchsweiler from 14 March 1661. The Hanau government had namely asked, after the poet Moscherosch lost his job in Buchsweiler, how things stood with the claim of Michael Moscherosch, his father. Unfortunately the rough draft of the demand is not kept in the Hanau files. Moscherosch (the poet) offered, among other thing, this demand as security for his still incomplete rendering of accounts. The answer from Buchsweiler resisted noticeably sharply the contention of the poet that his father was in the service of the Count. He was "only" an church steward. If this protest is to have any significance, it could only be that Michael Moscherosch was not directly occupied in the administration (dept.) of the Count. However, because the protestant Count did oversee the church properties in his domain, the official denial seems exaggerated. The Government at Buchsweiler rejected the claim itself even more bluntly. On the contrary, the church warden didn't keep his accounts "as good as he might have". The proof for this contention should be conveyed through statements of accounts in a special supplement. That he had 6000 fl. to demand from the Count of Hanau-Lichtenberg is "the greatest untruth". No reference to the demand was found in either the Chamber of Deputies or the chancellery/government offices, nor in either of the inventories after the deaths of Count Johann Reinhard and Philipp Wolfgang, grandfather and father of Count Friedrich Kasimir. Johann Michael Moscherosch had "blackmailed" (someone for the 1000 fl from the Münzhaus (mint?) at Wörth, and he wasn't entitled to allow the sum to be paid to him.
In a second report from 21 April 1661, the authorities in Buchsweiler refer once more to the Moscherosch demand. Johann Ludwig Eichelstein had, of course, lawful demands, but they were already settled under Count Philipp Wolfgang, with the exception of 1,000 fl for the Münzbau in Wörth. But this sum is also now paid. The heirs of Eichelstein are naturally his four children, whose fate was rather exhaustively pursued in the report. The contention of Johann Michael Moscherosch that he had inherited Eichelstein's deman/claim was incorrect. Noticeable is the statement with the 1000 fl for the Münzhaus. In the first report it was said that Moscherosch got the money illegally. In the second report the payment appears, apparently to him, as the final part of a valid payment. Moreover, a letter from mother of the Count, written in her own hand, to the Counsellors in Buchsweiler, also probably refers to this sum; it bears the date "Wörth, 20 May, 1659. Here she complains that Moscherosch attributes to her son an "unspecified/dubious" debt demand. At the request of her poor Wittumb servants/dependants, she wrote to her son, for these people already had enough new taxes to pay.
Finally the matter was investigated once more in 1686, when Ernst Ludwig Moscherosch, the oldest son of the poet, once again asserted the old claim. He wrote that Count Philipp Wolfgang borrowed several thousand Reichstaler from his Mint Master Eichelstein to celebrate his wedding Eichelstein had mortgaged some estates for this money;one part of these were bought by Michael Moscherosch, but after his death the authorities confiscated them without compensation. Once again the government in Buchsweiler asserted that the Registry Office had looked through all the archives and found nothing. At that time older people from Wilstätt who were particularly acquainted with the locality and were credible were also questioned in vain.
The matter under consideration then, according to the allegations of Ernst Ludwig, is not about the piece of land, which Michael Moscherosch left his children as uncontested inheritance, but the matter with Eichelstein. The Poet (Moscherosch) had allowed himself to be paid 1,000 fl; whether he shared out the money with his siblings, who then had the same right to it is not discernible from the public papers. On the whole the entire claim appears to be unclear. Especially strange is that the matter is first being raised 20 years after the death of the father. This rather questionable claim on the count is offered as security by the poet, when he flees Hanau without rendering account after losing his position.
Anything the Hanau public papers contains about the ancestors of the poet has essentially been brought to the fore. Regarding the poet himsefl, we should first discuss his education at the University of Strassburg.
On 3 April 1621 he noted in his diary, he was now graduated from the sixth form to the open or public lectures, and on the 27th of the same month, that he had passed his baccalaureate exam (BA) At the mention of the corresponding Festaktes he also names his dean Walliserus. he was professor of philosophy. Moscherosch then entered the philosophy department. In 1623 he took part in a debate about some chapters of Sueton's Caesa, on the 8th of April 1624 he was admitted as master of philosophy. His name was, moreover, stated in the register of the University of Strassburg among the candidates Magisterii Sei Doctoratus philosophi . This, or getting his master's degree, must be regarded as the end of his studies. Meigener also has him setting off to France in the same year to begin his great education trip (year out?), without mentioning any studies in the law. Nevertheless, Meigener also gives Moscherosch, on the title page of his funeral oration, next to many other titles, that of a Jurisconsultis (consultant on matters of law), therefore, someone versed in jurisprudence or with experience in the law. With what right (he does this) remains unclear. Though he spoke of M. having studied other academic subjects in addition to languages while he was on his trip abroad. But it is unlikely that he meant schooling in law. Probably he wanted to attribute to M. a certain confident general knowledge of the law, with respect to the positions he later occupied. The statement of Dittmar, that "Moscherosch, after completing his schooling at the University of Strassburg, devoted himself to the "scholarly studies and, in particular, the law, appears, at least in this form, to be certainly false, even if Beinert, with similar words, repeats the assertion.
Pariser, who was himself a lawyer/law student, before he came to the history of literature, is more careful. He shifts the law studies of Moscherosch to the time after his first marriage. He postulated that, as a married man, he would have difficulty taking on a position as a private tutor in someone's home. Therefore he devoted himself again to the scholarly study of the law, "which now only could make possible an appointment or post for him". In connection with this Pariser remembered that Moscherosch at that time travelled to Tübingen to the respected lawyer Lansius to learn from him. Now one learns about the Tübingen trip only through a, of course, rather comprehensive poem that Moscherosch produced 20 years later. In the many years (20) he had only occupied positions as an administrative official or something similar, so it suggests, that he particularly emphasised the visit to Lansius. Perhaps one can point out that in the poem a lot is also said about other non-law academics and poets in Tübingen and the surrounding area, so that it gives the impression that Mosch. , through this trip, generally expanded his knowledge and established personal contacts. Such trips were very popular at this time.
When Pariser further asserted there was, without jurisprudence, no possibility of Mosch., getting a position, he overestimated first of all, the effectiveness of a proper education for a position in those times and secondly, forgot that Mosch. had applied, in vain of course, just at this time for the position of professor of poetry at the University of Strassburg. As is well known, he published his epigrams for the first time then, to a certain extent as proof of his capability. Nevertheless, a certain occupation of Mosch. with legal questions because of his position was not improbable.
A letter in his own hand in the Hanau public papers proves that he does not consider portraying himself as a lawyer. When he wrote this letter to an official of Hanau, who had been his friend earlier, he had already been relieved of his position and had flown from Hanau to Frankfurt. In this correspondence he complained sadly that the Count had spoken of him with disdain because he, Mosch. was an "idiot" and had not studied. However, he could explain without arrogance: A lawyer is good in his profession if he has his Corpus Juris (Body of Law) or 'Konsulenten' with him. He, however, could "describe/explain" any state required, be it Latin, German or French and he didn't need to have a book with him to do it. One could not learn the art of ruling from the 'Konsulenten'. If he would serve the Prince or King in these states, he wanted, by the will of God, to soon prove that he had studied something a Councillor of State should know.
There are various things to note in this informative self-witness: When the Count reproaches Mosch. by saying he's an "idiot", the word is not meant in the way we use it today. This foreign word was, at the time - and for a long time afterwards, as also in Greek, the description for a layman, someone who was not a specialist or someone who was uneducated. The significance of the word is once again transcribed by the phrase "and not studiert", Now it has already been previously thoroughly shown that Moscherosch undoubtedly studied in the philosophy faculty, and nevertheless the reproach of the Count had a certain sense. The University , namely, didn't break up into four faculties with equal rights as is the case today, but in three faculties and one that prepared and generally educated (its students), ie the philosophy faculty. The borderline between Gymnasium and the philosophy faculty was fluid. The upper classes of the Gymnasium (age similar to high school) and the philosophy faculty dealt with the same subject matter and without any essential difference in method. So when the Count said the M. hadn't studied, he meant that he didn't study in a special subject. That Mosch. is hurt by this reproach is proved by his rather wounded sentences about the value or , better said, the lack of value of an education in the law for the Government of the country. When he compares, to his advantage, the helplessness of a lawyer without his two books, compared to his own capability to describe, out of his head, how a proper state must be put together, so it appears here mainly a gefühlsmässig Abwehr von ihm vorzuliegen. (Not sure what he means, though he's essentially standing up for himself) That he, however, recognises the usefulness of studies in law is proved by the fact that he studied law in Giessen in his Hanau period with continuous financial support from the second son of the Count, Ernst Bogislaus.
But with his dismissal in Hanau, he was reproached with, among other thing, that he was incapable in his office (job) and that his colleagues had frequently had to do his work for him. He conceded that himself. Of course, that didn't explicitly point to a particular legal ineptitude, rather it only confirmed a general failure in the job. However, in conjunction with the statement of the Count, one may well accept that with the incapacity for which he was reproached, also his lack of education in the law played a role. In addition, one must consider particularly that Moscherosch was appointed in the place of Dr. iur. Glandorff. This man was not only general adviser to the Count but also holder of the 'Advokatenstelle' (attorney) in the Government Kollegium (a body of people of the same profession). That signified quite plainly that he was, moreover, an adviser on legal subjects or Justiziar (someone working with administration of the law) in the governing body. One can imagine, after everything that has been discussed, that Mosch. wasn't up to the job.
To a certain extent, Moscherosch offers as substitute for his lack of education in law his literary capabilities and his knowledge as a statesman. He had, in this sense, also been occupied as an author and published the 'Dissertatio de politico (dissertation on politics) of his friend Gumpelzhaimer in 1652. Julie Cellarius judged the value of this paper quite unfavourably. He (M) wasn't up to dealing with theoretical considerations, and his practical examples and explanations didn't really touch the core of the problem. His lack of creative originality was quite clearly shown by the alleged/pretended independent continuation (of what G. had done): Essentially it was the hardly altered repetition of thoughts and questions, which Gumpelzhaimer had expressed, only that the explanations of Mosch were less clearly ordered. (So it seems he hadn't just published his friend's work but written some sort of explanation of it, which was panned for the above reasons, by JC)
In closing one can only say: Mosch. appears never to have properly studied law, his political science training is at the University in the faculty of philosophy, so - moralistic and rhetorical, a thoroughly scholastic introduction of that period.
In the consideration of the professional training of Mosch., his first marriage is mentioned. When he took up his position in Hanau, his first wife, Ester Ackerman from Frankenthal, had been long dead. But her only surviving child, Ernst Ludwig, as one's said, played a certain role in the Hanau files. In the previous cited trial/hearing he stated, in response to a question about his particulars, that his mother was Dutch and reform church. The poet Mosch. writes in a letter in 1652, that his first wife was at first (of the reform church), then she converted to his faith. There was a good reason for the emphasis of her origins and religion by her son in Hanau. Here there were two different community groups/congregations which were separated by Wall und Graben (means 'ramparts), namely the old town, the place of residence of the Count and the New town, founded only in 1597, which was the place to which people of the reform church fled, people who were driven out of the Spanish Netherlands because of their religion. The new town had far overtaken the old town in significance. Other fleeing people had turned towards Frankenthal, and the sharers of the same fate in both cities were in lively contact for a long time, even into Moscherosch's time. Moreover, if the first wife of Mosch. is mostly described as Dutch, one would today more accurately describe her as Flemish.
Before discussing what the Hanau files report about the earlier posts Moscherosch held, we should discuss his first attempt to get an administrative post, because the city of Hanau is mistakenly mentioned here. Pariser uses, in his previously mentioned biographical work, among other things, a French letter from Philipp Böckle of Böcklinsau to Mosch., den dieser vor der dritten Centurie seiner Epigramme abdrucken liess. (Something about letting a copy be made of the 3rd Centurie of his epigramme) In this letter of the 22 June 1630 PB writes, he had interceded on Moscherosch's behalf with the Count of Hanau. Various epigrammes in the third 'Centurie' were dedicated to this patron. In the dedication which - like the epigrammes - is in Latin, Moscherosch calls him 'dicasterii Hanoviensis praeses'. Pariser translates this as: Gerichtspresident (President of the Law Courts?) of Hanau. His proper title was High Court Justice Adviser. Whether he actually presided, could not yet be confirmed. But it is completely wrong, when one understand the adjective as a place name. Rather it should be translated as "belonging to Hanau..." The city of Hanau is not to be considered in this connection. For, since the middle of the 15th century, the Counts of Hanau were always strictly separated into the old line Hanau-Münzenberg with the Residence Hanau and the new (younger) line Hanau-Lichtenberg with Buchsweiler. It was only in 1642, when the last Count of Hanau-Münzenberg died, that Friedrich Kasimir, from the younger line, united both realms/states as a result of an inheritance contract and resided mostly in Hanau, when, as a result, Hanau-Lichtenberg continued to be administered from Buchsweiler. That Moscherosch's first attempt to gain employment in the realm of Hanau, really only concerns the realm of Hanau Lichtenberg, is proved by the notes he made in his diary. In his dissertation about this relationship Pariser is not well informed because he even speaks of a Count of Hanau, which never existed. The correction appears necessary, because Schlosser, obviously using Pariser as a source, also talks of the Gerichtspresident of Hanau. The employment of the poet in the realm/state of Hanau-Lichtenberg must have been short and locker (unstructured?) because it wasn't even mentioned in the Hanau files. Otherwise, the failures in his other earlier posts are often emphasised.
It is known that Mosch. continually complained bitterly about ungratefulness, jealousy and persecution. Even Meigener, who probably recreates the mood of those left behind, blows the same horn, ie goes on in the same vein. He quotes in his eulogy:
The Lord's Grace and April Weather
A woman's love and rose petals
Seiten spiel* and lark's song
Sound good to be sure, but don't last long.
*I think he means saiten spiel, the playing of a musical instrument
Because the later biographies also took over this portrayal, M., until recently, passed for the model of a man of worth, who had drawn the hatred of the dishonest to himself through his integrity. It was only four years ago that Bechtold actually, for the first time, showed through an example, that this traditional picture required a very thorough revision. What we're dealing with here is only his first position as house teacher for the Counts of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg. It is, however, generally characteristic for the unreliability of Meigener's information that he had his hero Moscherosch carry out his duties as tutor in Hartenburg with "the most favourable satisfaction" of the the parents of his pupil and then depart favourably. Bechtold proves convincingly from the files, that Mosch. was dismissed in disgrace on completely acceptable grounds.
The Hanau files reproach Mosch. once rather succinctly "er habe nirgends woher keinen Abschied, weder von Strassburg, von Leining, von Krichingen, noch sonsten, Generalmajor Moser soll...vbel von ihm geredet haben."(I think the section in red says he didn't take his leave nicely from any of these places) General Moser is supposed to have spoken of him in quite negative terms.
We can perhaps still confirm whether Mosch. left Kriechingen (different spelling above) in discord, as the above cited section of the Hanau files seems to indicate. Obser, namely, suspects reports about Mosch. in the Princely Archives of Wied /Wieden(?), where the files of the Government of Kriechingen are kept. (This doesn't make sense. Perhaps it means, he suspects there's more information.) In the earlier regional archives in Metz Schlosser found nothing. Pariser portrays this position/job relatively thoroughly, but, as always, mainly according to statements from Mosch. himself. It is possible that in Krieching he was "surrounded with poison and vice" as he says in the "Stories" (This must be something M. has written; one of his bits of literary output) Dittmar reports, that he "felt it was necessary to move to Strassburg with his family "for the sake of his safety. One will have to wait to see what the results research into the archives brings forth.
The same goes for his position in Benfeld, where he, according to Meigener, held the position of State Secretary and War Adviser to the Crown of Sweden, which he executed for several years "with much fame after death" (ie was famous for even after he died). There is some question whether the correct title for his job was "State Secretary". Mosch. had a partiality for titles that had the word "State" in them. In his Hanau period he was reproached for having incorrectly/without entitlement claimed the title State Adviser. Meigener relates further that Generalmajor Moser and Resident Ambassador/Minister Mochel had procured this post for him. If the notes in the Hanau files are true, then Moser had later changed his opinion of Moscherosch. An explanation could perhaps be gleaned from a look through the corresponding files in the State Archives in Stockholm.
The last post M. occupied before the one in Hanau was that of a 'Frevelvogst" or treasurer of the imperial city of Strassburg. (One translation of Frevelvogst is an official in charge of blasphemy. So one asks if he had both jobs, or if they are using the term F. in another way.) He took up this office in March 1654 and administered it for almost 11 years. Martin modernised the title into Police Director. In the Hanau files, of course, it is contended that this position was very poorly regarded in Strassburg ("pro vilissimo officio gehalten"). It is also interesting that a reproach was made to the poet which referred directly to his Strassburg period. He is supposed to have said that a person could be as honest as he wanted, but he Mosch. could "sich an ihn machen und ihm eine Klette in den Bart werfen " because he had practised for a long time in the "Frevelvogtspossen". (I can't find the idioms he uses, but I'm guessing he's saying that once he got hold of him, he could still do him for something.) Beinert, on the other hand, praises his activities in this period, saying he had the opportunity to realise his ideas. To this is added that Mosch. had an expressed preference for living in large Lutheran cities. That is why his departure from the Strassburg job surprised people . One gets the feeling that this departure was not voluntary from the text of an official letter from the city of Strassburg to Count Friedrich Kasimir of Hanau on the 14 March 1660. The Count, in whose service Mosch. had been for four years at that time, had namely asked the city for information, for the reason Mosch. had given up his post in Strassburg. The city answered immediately, to the point and correctly, by sending along a copy of the decree of the council from 5 December 1655. In this extract from the Daybook of the Great Counsel was: Moscherosch was suspected of having a forbidden relationship with Ann Batten. The minutes on this matter were passed on to him (the Count). After one took into account his responsibility, one found that he could not exercise the office of "Frevelvogts" without difficulty. So he should resign between now and Christmas, so the council could appoint someone else.
In the first instance, it is astounding that the nature of his departure has never been known until now, although two works (whose?) concern themselves with his position in Strassburg. Ernst Martin had collected documentary/authentic witnesses regarding Mosch. as the Frevelvogts of Strassburg in an appendix to his report. But all he has got to say about Mosch.'s departure is that "he will resign his position". Otherwise, nothing more is said about it. Beinert reports, likewise, simply: "In 1656 he ...resigned". Nevertheless, there is no doubt that the official information of the city to the Count of Hanau gives the real reason. Because Mosch. took the woman in question with him to Hanau, and his relationship with her got people there upset as well. In Hanau she was described as his widowed cousin and housekeeper. According to the terminology of today, one would more accurately call her "the support of the housewife" since the housewife would have managed the household. To be sure, the files reported that Mosch had "uvel tractiert" (badly treated) his wife, as she often complained. Whether the rivalry of both women had been the reason for the dissension in the house or at least increased it, cannot be discerned from the notes. One wouldn't, however, have been surprised if it had. It was also - at least in Hanau - no harmless attraction that bound Mosch. with his cousin, for when she, at the beginning of 1659, went abroad and had a child out of wedlock, forgeries were produced by which Mosch appeared as Spiritus rector (driving force. Does this mean he did the forgeries. And what did the forgeries/false documents say? Something about the father of the child?) In Strassburg the silence among officials regarding his departure appears to have been well kept. One has to acknowledge that even more because the circle of those who knew in the democratic system of Government in Strassburg was very extensive. Perhaps they wanted to protect Mosch. and not make his application for a new job difficult. Nevertheless, something must have leaked out. Otherwise, why the enquiry from the Count. This came, moreover, only when Moscherosch's position in Hanau, on the other hand, was already under threat. That the city of Strassburg dismissed Mosch from his post for this reason (the woman) was, when you look at attitudes of the time, entirely justified. More so, because his eldest son had compromised himself because of his immorality in Strassburg, as the government in Buchsweiler later reported.
Apparently one had extended the far too short period of giving notice, for in the records of XXI, it is only announced on the 21st January 1656 that Mosch. will resign. He, who had a large family to feed, naturally used this extension to apply for (another ) position. It was obvious or natural that he turned to his hereditary ruler/sovereign, for he would have known that the position of first adviser in the Hanau Government Kollegium was unoccupied.
But he would also have known that a position under the silly and wasteful Count Kasimir of Hanau would have great considerations and that the situation of his home land, which, so to say, reached to the gates of Strassburg, was already in danger. Later on December 6, 1660 Mosch. wrote, shorly before his flight from Hanau, that reasonable people had predicted his sudden dismissal before he took up the position. Nevertheless, he urgently needed a new position and he couldn't stay in Strassburg. It's doubtful he could hav applied elsewhere. The files reported that he applied for the Hanau position, they even once mentioned his earnest, submissive attitude.
Of note is the manner in which Mosch., in a letter to Harsdörffer, portrayed things shortly after his taking on the Hanau job. He writes literally; "Consequently I became tired of the publici otii fiscalitatis, ut sic loquor (of the job in that place?), I moved to Hanau eight weeks ago after many requests from my gracious sovereign, the Count of Hanau and took up the, to be sure, honourable but tiresome position of a Canzley? -Chamber and War Adviser. The manner of the letter is, after everything that has just been said, very surprising, as if he wanted to overcompensate with big words for his bitter experience in Strassburg.
Be that as it may, the intelligent people were shown to be correct with their warning, Mosch wrote about. He was dismissed after a few years and so accused that he had to leave Hanau and flee to Frankfurt under the threat of imprisonment.
The biographies written up to now haven't given enough emphasis to the fact that this departure from Hanau signified a catastrophe in Moscherosch's life. According to Meigener, he is supposed to have enjoyed the grace/blessing of Count Kasismir Friedrich after as before and received a recommendation to the Elector. As a result of this the Elector "took him on" as an Adviser to the House of Mainz and Moscherosch kept this position until his final days. The much used Universal Lexicon clarifies the last statement and speaks of an advisory position that Mosch. occupied in Mainz. The Mainz position was, however, thus.
Already when Mosch. was an advisor in Hanau, the Elector had appointed him from Mainz on the 23 August 1660 as Adviser (von Haus aus ....external?) Such an honour was not unusual, less so, because he, as a Hanau official, had directed certain dealings with the neighbouring state. At his dismissal he was reproached with, among other things, not having done the best he could for Hanau in these negotations. Now Mosch. had actually reckoned on an appointment in Mainz after his departure from Hanau. The Elector was, according to Moscherosch's statement, supposed to have promised that, and also the hints/refences in the previosly cited letter about jurisprudence refer to it. But he was to be disappointed.
To be sure, after Moscherosch's flight from Hanau, the Elector let it be said, one should not pursue or prosecute him further. But that was it. When a court cavalier from Hanau was sent to Würzburg at that time, to bring the Elector good wishes for the New Year, one used the opportunity to find out more about the mood of the Prince regarding Mosch. The ambassador was closely instructed how he should behave in conversation. After his return this fellow reported, among other things, that the Prince had explained that he gave Moscherosch the title Advisor in order to honour him but did not appoint him to an office. He was a "sneaky one" and would "die Feder ansetzen " (don't know what this means: Feder often refers to writing), he, the Elector, will, however stand to the side with the Count against him. (Not sure about this.)
At this time the fugitive was in deep trouble. In a despairing letter he says he's got to start writing books for the Messe (Mass/Market) It was a sorry task, a sad way to earn a living. He received only a taler for one sheet. In this connection it is also interesting that the mass/market announcements from him are much more plentiful for him at Easter and autumn 1661 than in other years.
That his period of unemployment lasted even longer is proved by a report from 25 August 1662 to Margrave Wilhelm von Baden, which he got from his representative in Strassburg. Ober located it and made it public. Here it says; Mosch. had been trying to find a position in Strassburg and Hagenau in vain. It also did not look like he had a position with the Elector of Mainz. Obser had also tried to make this letter agree with the exisiting perception of the job in Mainz. That does not appear possible. Moreover, the Hanau files mention a handwritten letter from Margrave von Baden to the Count of Hanau in which Moscherosch's rag and bone business (did they mean this literally? Or was it just a snide reference to the writing business) was referred to. The Strassburg report to the Margrave is confirmed through another to the Government in Buchsweiler and extended. It is from 11 Sept 1662, so, only a few weeks later. Here it says the city of Strassburg declined to grant Moscherosch the ""Burgrecht umb Schirmb fernero..." (I think they mean civic rights and protection) For that reason he sold his furniture and set off, according to his statements to his son.
Everything else that took place between Moscherosh and the Hanau government after his dismissal must be discussed in connection with the activities of his office in Hanau. About the life of the poet one discovers on this occasion little, significantly more, on the other hand, about his eldest son Ernst Ludwig.
In 2001, I received an invitation to attend a festival in honor of Johann Michael Moscherosch's 400th birthday in Willstatt, Germany. Unfortunately, I could not attend, but translated the letter as best I could and found it interesting.
To the Moscherosch name-bearers and families
Moscherosch Year 2001 in Willstatt
Invitation to a meeting of the Moscherosch Family
Willstatt in Moscherosch fever - one can read recently in the newspapers. There is some truth in that. The highly motivated festival committee has drawn up a yearlong program that you must see. And this all for the honor of Johann Michael Moscherosch, who was born on March 7, 1601 in Willstatt and in the course of an eventful life, was a satirical writer, statesman, and educator in his native Willstatt where the name of Moscherosch is known to all.
On his 400th birthday there is a vacation-like celebration which many Moscherosch name-bearers can experience. On this evening, it is the desire of the historic village festival, July 20-22, 2001, in Willstatt, to organize a meeting of the Moscherosch families. This complied with the festival committee.
We would be pleased to welcome you Saturday, July 21, 2001 at 10:30am by the Castle Stage at the Town Hall in the Willstatt town square.
There is a suitable framework at the historic festival where Willstatt of the time remembered, in which Johann Michael Moscherosch had lived and had worked and who, in those times, would become a famous and important satirical writer.
Experience, as a member of the Moscherosch family, this big event. We warmly invite you to it.
In addition to the many performances during the festival, at which Willstatt organizations will serve culinary tastes of the time, we want to organize a small particular program for Moscherosch name-holders, about which we will inform you punctually.
With friendly greetings
A possible relative of Moscherosch, Minna Moscherosch Schmidt, was a lecturer at the University of Chicago and wrote a book, published in 1933, titled: "400 Outstanding Women of the World and Costumology of their Time". In this book is a small chapter on the Moscherosch genealogy. I do not know how dependable this information is, as no documentation is provided, but it does give an interesting insight and some additional information. While her ancestral line is not descended from Johann Michael Moscherosch, they may be related. Her ancestor, Michael Moscherosch was a farmer in early 1600's in Bischweiler-Hanhofen, Alsace, and while she obviously considers herself related to the poet, there is no proof at this time and I will not count her and her ancestors as relatives until it can be proven. An independent publication states that there is a strong probability of the two lines being related, but no proof at this time. She writes:
"In 1520, Ch. Moscherosch, a young Aragonian aristocrat in the suit of the Emperor Charles V, returned from the Netherlands and settled in Aachen. His son, Maternus Moscherosch declined the title "Von" because the war caused such heavy taxes against noblemen; they were left almost poor as a result.
1533-1616 Maternus Moscherosch - Euphemia Rauschertin - Married 1577-Germany
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------(Descendants of Michael Moscherosch, farmer in early 1600's in Bischweiler-Hanhofen, Alsace)
- 1578-1636 Michel Moscherosch - Veronica Peck - Married 1600 - Germany
- 1601-1669 Hans Michel Moscherosch - Ester Ackerman - Married 1628 - Willstädt Grafschaft
- Hanau, Lichtenberg, Germany
1731-1784 Johann Michel Moscherosch - Barbara Scherding - Married 1755 - France
- 1630-1679 Christian Moscherosch - Anna Schäfer - Married 1651 - Bishwiller Bas Rin, France
- 1653-1720 Michel Moscherosch - Anna Printzel - Married 1675 - France
- 1688-1743 Johann Jakob Moscherosch - Anna Nusspliger - Married 1722 - France
NOTE: There are several interesting things about this genealogy. First, she lists Euphemia Rauschertin (spelled Rauschart in previous research) as the mother of Michel (Michael) Moscherosch. Previous research has her listed as the mother of Veronica Peck, Michel's wife. Maternus married Appolonia von Rittershoffen according to previous research. Either way, she is the grandmother of Johann Michael Moscherosch. Secondly, she lists Christian Moscherosch as the child of Johann and Ester Ackerman, his first wife. This is the first mention of any children by Ester. The date of his birth corresponds to this marriage. This gives a whole new line of descendants for Johann Michael Moscherosch. Third, she lists the birth year of Maternus Moscherosch as 1533, where previous research listed it as 1553, possibly a typographical error on someone's part. I tend to go with 1553, as that would make him 24 years old when married, instead of 43 years old, but I will try to discover the correct date. She continues:
- 1762-1830 Johann Jakob Moscherosch - Anna Hamm - Married 1783 - France
- 1785-1846 Johann Jakob Moscherosch - Ester Moscherosch - Married 1807 - France
- 1808-1877 Christian Moscherosch - Christine Bach - Married 1831 - Sindelfingen, Germany
- 1836-1911 Wilhelm Moscherosch - Friedericke Leonhardt - Married 1865
- 1866 Minna Moscherosch - Julius Schmidt - Married 1887 - Chicago, IL, USA
- 1867 1894-1930 Helmut Schmidt - Ellen Burkhardt - Married 1914"
the bust picture which is on the illustration of Hans Michel Moscherosch's book. He was the most brilliant along the generations. He was a lawyer in Strassburg; held many offices of honor, and also held posts of distinction in the diplomatic service. His fame is tied up with the Strassburg University. Some of his writings (1645 to 1655) appear under the name of Philander von Sittenwald; others under his own name. A collection of his letters is also published. Hans Michel as a child was very much attached to his grandmother, Euphemia Moscherosch, whom he adored; he talked over all his affection and childish woes with her. Her teaching was gospel to him. He graduated from the University of Strassburg at the age of 21 in Jurisprudence. His thesis on Roman Law brought him renown. During the 30 Years War he lost everything; his first wife died; his second wife also died, at the age of 20, shortly after their marriage, because of the intense hardship they had to endure. During the war, because of his loyalty to his sovereign, Hans Michel had to remain in hiding most of the time. Later in life, he broke a lance for prison reform. After defending one of his clients, he received a Supreme Court decision - "A political prisoner is no criminal." A very significant decision at the time. He visited prisons where they unjustly detained men on mere suspicion, and he brought to light terrible barbaric treatment of innocent men who were tortured to give evidence of hiding places of money and other valuables. He was first counselor to Duke Frederick Casimir von Hanau; also to Duke Philip von Mainz. Many principalities delegated him to peace conferences, knowing that he could be trusted with serious missions, and that he would serve their interests, to the best of his ability, in all governmental affairs. While he was on an important errand in Worms, a severe cold developed into pneumonia, of which he died in 1669. A pastor who had formerly been a student friend, brought his body to Frankfort for burial. Hans Michel's son, Christian, was a teacher in the Latin school in Frankfort."
NOTE: Another contradiction. She states he was on an "important errand" when he died in Worms, but previous research states he had retired and was going to visit his son. She continues:
"The Moscheroschs excelled in different professions. My great grandfather, Johann Jakob Moscherosch, was an excellent tailor; he made splendid military uniforms. His son, Christian, was a fine weaver of broadcloth. Christian's son, Karl, became a General in the French Army under Napoleon the 3rd. His second son, Jacob Moscherosch, was a specialist in making fine shoes for deformed feet. His third son, my father, Wilhelm Moscherosch, was a designer of articles in ivory, tortoise shell and horn. He was also intensely interested in tree surgery and the cultivation of roses. His son, Fritz Moscherosch, had a farm and won silver cups by the dozen and prize ribbons by the hundred, for growing cabbage and tomatoes of enormous size; also prize cavies (guinea pigs); he had 600 of them, each one more beautifully marked that the other.
Most of the Moscheroschs had wanderlust, and so we find in fourteen generations traces of them in many lands. (1520-1933). Few have taken to writing. Some were schoolteachers. Some were lovers of folk songs and natural singers. They had large families. Wilhelm and Friedericke Moscherosch, my parents, had 17 children; of these 8 are still living, and there are 26 grandchildren. There are 5 grandsons in America.
Frequently the Moscheroschs were tillers of the soil. The women were always good housekeepers. Their best years were generally between thirty and fifty. They experienced a rise and decline in pecuniary possessions. To my knowledge in the last 150 years no inheritance tax has been paid by a Moscherosch. Neither were they wards of the state when old age and poor health set in. When over 70 years of age someone of their children had enough filial love and respect to support the parent."
Again, nothing written here by Minna Moscherosch Schmidt is supported by documentation, but it does give an interesting view of the Moscherosch ancestry.
Michael Moscherosch's (born 1578) other children
2. Euphemia Moscherosch was born November 2, 1602, died December 8, 1636 and married Michael Back, a wagner (cartwright), on April 21, 1628 in Willstaett, Baden.
3. Maria Salome Moscherosch was born January 15, 1605, buried April 23, 1688 in Strassburg, and married Bernard Rapp, a businessman and innkeeper of "The Swans" from Willstaett, on March 2, 1629 in Lichtenau. Bernard died before 1630. Their son was Johann Michael Rapp. He joined Wilhelm College in Strasbourg in 1646 and on March 27, 1649, enrolled as a student of philosophy at the University and was awarded high honors, including the title of Master of Philosophy in 1652. In 1654 and 1666, he was a substitute teacher of higher l earning at the high school in Strasbourg. He was poetically inclined, which is documented in the periodicals of that period. It is surmised that he lived in Strasbourg in the house of the Moscherosch's. His widow in 1681 rented the property in Lichtenau out for the sum of 9 Reichstaler.
4. Johann Ulrich Moscherosch was born 1606 and died in Willstatt on January 2, 1610.
5. Maria Magdalena Moscherosch was born in September of 1608, died September 4, 1637 in Strassburg, and married Hans Ziegler, a hafner (potter), on February 14, 1631 in Willstaett.
6. Maria Jacobe Moscherosch was born January 30, 1611, buried December 7, 1680 in Hanau, and married Michael Reichardt from Hanau (born July 12, 1601 in Strassburg, died June 27, 1665 in Hanau) in 1633 in Strassburg. He was a Lutheran pastor in Enzheim i. Els in Alsace 1633-1636) and a Hanau court preacher to the Count in Hanau (1636-1665). They had 5 children: unknown at this time.
7. Veronica Moscherosch was born October 15, 1615 in Willstaett and married Daniel Meyel, an
eisenhandler (iron dealer) from Strassburg. Veronika died in Strassburg on October 14, 1661.
8. Hans Christoph Moscherosch was born July 12, 1617 in Willstaett and died September 16, 1706 and married Maria Kaercher (born 1621; died May 13, 1698 in Strassburg), on June 15, 1647. She was the daughter of businessman Kaercher (first name unknown) of Strassburg. Hans was a barber and wound doctor in Strassburg. They had 5 children, of whom one son is known:
9. Maternus Moscherosch was born March 11, 1619 in Willstaett, died September 25, 1679 in Strassburg, and married Margaretha Pruegel ( or Bruegel) (born 1629; died August 25, 1706 in Strassburg) on February 22, 1648 in Strassburg. She was the daughter of the shoemaker Pruegel of Strassburg. Maternus was a master shoemaker in Strassburg. They had 6 known children, and while all daughter's names are unknown, 5 daughters married shoemakers. Their only son was Johann Michael, baptized June 17, 1651 and died November 14, 1667, both in Strassburg.
- Johann Jakob, born April 26, 1657 and died December 7, 1736, both in Strassburg, who married Susanne Maria Silberrad, on September 4, 1686 in Strassburg. She was the daughter of parson Samuel Silberrad at Alt-St. Peter in Strassburg. Johann studied from 1675-1677 in Strassburg and Giessen. He was the first parson in Barr i. Els. and came to the Alt-St Peterskirche in Strassburg in 1686 as the replacement for the parson Knoderer, who was removed in the chaos of the Counter-Reformation.
- Johann was also denounced by the Catholic side for supposed offenses against royal ordinances and had to answer for himself in Strassburg; however, he was exonerated of any guilt. A picture of him hangs in the vestry of Alt-St. Peter. They had 4 children:
- a. Samuel, baptized October 6, 1687 and died January 26, 1733, who married Maria Magdalena Schuster on February 23, 1731 in Strassburg. She was the daughter of businessman Wolfgang Sebastian Schuster of Strassburg. Samuel studied philosophy in Strassburg from 1703-1705 and was parson of Barr.i.Els in Alsace. They had no children.
- b. Johann Jakob, baptized December 12, 1690 in Barr and died May 8, 1753, who married Susanne Saltzmann on April 26, 1719 in Strassburg. She was the daughter of the doctor Johann Saltzmann of Strassburg. Johann was a businessman in Strassburg. They also had no children.
- c. Susanne Maria, baptized March 26, 1697, who married Johann von Gottesheim (parson in Kehl am Rhine and later deacon of St. Niklaus in Strassburg) on June 3, 1716 in Strassburg. It is unknown if there were any children.
- d. Anna Magdalena, baptized July 14, 1701, who was married to Stephen Geyler (parson in Scharrachbergheim) on July 16, 1721 in Strassburg. It is unknown if there were any children.
10. Hans Ulrich Moscherosch was born June 24, 1621 and married Eva Margaretha Sessler from
Weissenburg (died September 27, 1684 in Strassburg). Hans was a one-time driver in Benfeld. They had only 1 daughter: Maria Agathe, baptized October 7, 1651 in the Henneberg-Hof in Strassburg, died March 11, 1671 in Strassburg..
11. Quirin Moscherosch was born December 14, 1624 and died April 19, 1675 and married Susanna Huebner (baptized September 8, 1625 in Nuernberg; died March 10, 1675 in Strassburg) on December 27, 1649 in Nuernberg. She was the daughter of Master tailor and warden Conrad Huebner of Nuernberg. In checking the church records of Bodersweier for another line, I found the following entry, written in Greek: "After I, Quirinus Moscherosch, was installed as parish minister in the Parish of Bodersweyer on Palm Sunday, 1655, I baptized the following children in this congregation:" Several pages later was the record of his child's baptism with the mother mentioned as Susanna. Further research showed that Quirin studied at the University of Strassburg 1644-1645 and was the parson of Offendorf in Elsass (Alsace) from 1648-1655, where he established a new parish register. In April, 1655, he left Offendorf to take up a new parson position in Bodersweier, Bez. Kehl. In 1675, war raged in the Ortenau (Orten Valley), so Quirin fled with his family and many of the children of his parish behind the strong walls of Strassburg. There he and his wife died in exile and were buried at the cemetery of the Corbau of Strassburg. They had 9 children:
- a. Sophie Veronika, born December 1, 1650 in Offendorf, who married Hans Michael Ebinger on February 24, 1676 in Strassburg.
- b. Karl Gottwalt, born December 6, 1652 in Offendorf (baptized the same day - private baptism at home), buried April 22, 1693 in Burg-Graefenrode, Oberhessen, who married Anna Catharina Zoellner (born January 2, 1653; died April 5, 1704 in Burg-Graefenrode as the wife of Johann Balthasar Stahl). Karl was a cabinetmaker, master church builder, and officer of the court in Burg-Graefenrode. they had 1 known son:
- Gregor, born June 23, 1689, buried March 2, 1774, both in Burg-Graefenrode, and was married 3 times:
- First to Anna Agathe Voltz (born April 28, 1670; buried April 30, 1717, both in Burg-Graefenrode) on May 19, 1711 in Burg-Graefenrode. They had one daughter (name unknown) who died young.
- Second to Maria Christina Kost (born February 7, 1692 in Nieder-Woellstadt; buried September 24, 1728 in Burg-Graefenrode) on October 14, 1717 in Nieder- Woellstadt. They had 4 children:
- 1) Maria Eleonora, born November 24, 1718 in Burg Graefenrode.
- 2) Anna Elisabeth, born January 5, 1721 in Burg Graefenrode.
- 3) Johannes, born June 21, 1723, died March 25, 1793, both in Burg-Graefenrode.
- 4) Johann Heinrich, born December 24, 1725, died April 16, 1728, both in Burg-Graefenrode.
- Through this marriage, Gregor is the ancestor of the Moscherosches who live today in the Upper Hessian towns of Burg-Graefenrode, Nieder-Wollstadt, Buedesheim, Okarben, and Rodheim v.d.H. and in the Kurhessian towns of Sargenzell, Melsungen, and Kirchhain. With the exception of the latter-noted, who also came from Upper Hesse and became officials, the other Moscherosches remained farmers.
- Third to Anna Elisabetha Cost (born June 22, 1706 in Nieder-Wollstaedt; buried May 9, 1764 in Burg-Graefenrode) on May 5, 1729 in Nieder-Wollstaedt. They had 5 daughters (names unknown) and 1 son:
- Johann Hartmann, born June 25, 1743, died April 18, 1816, both in Burg-Graefenrode, who married Anna Katharina Brummer (born February 12, 1747;died August 29, 1809, both in Burg-Graefenrode) on May 14, 1767. The offspring of Johann lived in Gross-Karben, Frankfurt a.M., and Dortelweil. With the death of Hans Guenther Moscherosch (born September 22, 1929 in Frankfurt a.M.; died December 2, 1945 in Zimmmern i. Ufr), the male line of this family died out.
- c. Susanna Ester, born June 18, 1654 in Offendorf.
- d. Catharina Elisabetha, baptized April 20,1656 in Bodersweier.
- e. Susanna Johanna, baptized June 27,1658 in Bodersweier.
- f. Maria Salome, baptized May 1, 1660, died August 15, 1660, both in Bodersweier.
- g. Maria Magdalena, baptized July 14, 1661, died July 25, 1661, both in Bodersweier.
- h. Quirin, baptized November 2, 1662, buried November 25, 1666, both in Bodersweier.
- i. Susanne Christina, baptized August 8, 1669 in Bodersweier, married to Michael Schip (baker/confectioner in Strassburg) on March 17, 1701 in Strassburg.
Anna Friedmann's Parents
Catharina Mühr's Parents
Malchoir Mühr, who possibly died September 1, 1624. The church book was ripped and difficult to determine the exact date. Her mother may have been Barbara. Malchoir's widow, Barbara, was remarried in 1625 to Georg (last name unreadable), which makes Malchoir's death date plausible. While Barbara was definitely Malchoir's wife, it is unknown if she was Catharina's mother.
Mathias Bernhardt's Parents
Andreas Bernhardt and Anna Bernhardt, born 1568, died November 4, 1632 in Kehl, who were married in 1605. They had 2 other known children:
Anna previously married Andreas Bürckel (unknown if related) in 1585 and was widowed. They had 4 known children (Bürckel):
- 1. Marcellus, born in 1608
- 2. Johannes, born in 1612.
- 1. Andreas, born 1589
- 2. Catharina, born 1591
- 3. Barbara, born 1594
- 4. Michael, born 1604
Christmann and Margaretha Dennig's Parents
Christmann Dennig Sr., church warden and court clerk, and Anna Vogt, who were married 1576 in Kehl. They had 6 other known children:
- 1. Anna, born 1578
- 2. Appolonia, born 1582
- 3. Hans, born 1585
- 4. Christmann, born November 24, 1587
- 5. Brigitta, born 1591
- 6. Catharina, born 1594
- There are no death records for that period, but there is another record of a marriage for Christmann Dennig to Anna (last name unreadable), daughter of Adam, in 1586. Unfortunately, with both women having the same name, I cannot be absolutely sure if this was my ancestor Christmann's second marriage or not. If so, it would make his son, Christmann, my ancestor, the son of this second marriage, and the son of this second wife, as well as the last 3 children born above.
- Anna Rießer's Parents
- Hans Rieß and Anna Schulterlin, married 1598 in Kehl. This gets a little confusing at this point. Apparently, Hans died before 1613 and Anna, my 10th great grandmother, remarried to Michael Fischer, my 9th great grandfather. They had children, including my 8th great grandmother, Magdalena, so she became my 9th and 10th great grandmother. The only problem I found was that her father is listed as Jorg Schulterlin in her marriage to Hans Reiß and is listed as Hans Jacob Schulterlin in her death record, but with all of the name changes I found in the German records, this is not a major one. I have chosen to use Hans Jacob as her father's name.
Georg Ruebal's Parents
Lorentz Ruebal and Barbara Schumacher, who were married on December 22, 1560 in Kehl. They had 6 other known children:
- 1. Lorentz, who married Catharina Müller, daughter of Jörg Müller, in 1588
- 2. Veltin, who married Anna (last name unreadable), a widow, in 1590
- 3. Michael, born 1572
- 4. Katharina, born 1576
- 5. Margaretha, born 1578
- 6. Margaretha, born 1581
Martin Bürckel's Parents
Martin Bürckel and Margaretha Ulrich, who were married August 23, 1568 in Kehl. There were other children born to a Martin Bürckel, but unfortunately the wife's name was not included for a period of 10 years and there were other Martin Bürckel's living at that time, so it is impossible to determine if they were children of our Martin Bürckel.
Brigitta Müller's Parents
Jörg Müller and Eva Byihol, who were married July 11, 1569 in Kehl.
Jacob Fischer's Parents
Arbogast Fischer and Jacobe Jacobs, who were married April 25, 1563 in Kehl. Jacobe's father's name is written, but unreadable, possibly Adam. It appears that Arbogast was from Stundtheim. They had 2 other known children:
- 1. Jacobus, born 1564
- 2. Jacoba, born 1566
Margaretha Stuhl's Parents
Martin Niclauß's Parents
Martin Niclauß, a scribe and tax collector, and Catharina (last name unknown).
Michael (1586) Fischer's Parents
Michael Fischer and Katharina Hannßan, married 1585 in Kehl.
Anna Schulterlin's Parents
Hans Jacob Schulterlin.
(7th Great grandparents)
Michael Moscherosch's Parents
Although there is no actual proof, family stories state that Maternus Moscherosch was born in 1553 and married Appolonia von Rittershofen in 1577 in Hagenau, Germany. Maternus supposedly gave up the noble title because the family fell on hard times because of unfortunate proceedings and lawsuits and settled into the middle class.
Veronika Becker's (Peck's) Parents
Veronika's parents were Quirin Becker (Peck) and Euphemia Rauschart. Euphemia was born about 1550 in Bruchsal, Germany. Quirin was the Hanau-Lichtenberg ministry and church deacon in Willstaett (the father-in-law mentioned in the section about Michael Moscherosch), as well as "a wealthy respected farmer in Willstatt". He also administered the property of the church ion Willstatt and, in history, "only a person of personal integrity and with some considerable property of his own was asked to assume this function." As administrator of the church property, he was also the "banker" of the church community. It has been written about him: "As opposed to other civil servants, he was a man of excellent character. Once, when the Earl Johann Reinhard von Hanau-Lichtenberg, Willstaett visited and as it was the custom to bow, which Quirin Becker was not about to do without a certain amount of protest. He told him there was nothing to gain by him doing so and that he had asked God to protect him from such function and obligation". His estate was destroyed in the Thirty Years War and not reconstructed.
Euphemia is described by her grandson Johann Michael Moscherosch as a good Christian woman and quite religious. "she effortlessly carried her cross and openly wailed and groaned about her life".
Andreas Bernhardt's Parents
Anna Bernhardt's Parents
Jacob Bernhardt, and Anna (last name unknown).
Christmann Dennig Sr.'s Parents
Anna Vogt's Parents
Hans Rieß's Parents
Lorentz Reiß and Anna Lorkan (best guess), married in 1554
Anna Schulterlin's Parents
Hans Jacob Schulterlin.
Margaretha Ulrich's Parents
Hans Martin Ulrich
Lorentz Ruebal's Parents
Wolfgang Ruebal. Wolfgang also had another son: Jorg, who married Margaretha Seidel, Bernhardt Seidel's daughter, apparently from Bodersweier, on June 5, 1570.
Barbara Schumacher's Parents
Eva Byihol's Parents
Arbogast Fischer's Parents
Arbogast Fischer Sr.
Michael Fischer's Parents
Katharina Hannßan's Parents
Generation (8th Great Grandparents)
Anna Lorkan's Parents
Maternus Moscherosch's Parents
Again, while there is no actual proof, family stories state that Maternus Moscherosch's parents were Maternus von Mosenrosh, born 1527, and Magdalena von Wangern. They were married in 1551.
Quirin Becker's Parents
Quirin Becker's (Peck's) father was Quirinus Peck. According to the writings of his great grandson, Johann Michael Moscherosch, "he was of Danish nobility, who was a page or noble youth to the unlucky king Christian I (error - should be II), who came to this country (Germany) through the will of God, and as consequence of that, had to settle for a lower rank; the Peck's were still an elevated people, of nobility and quite respected in Denmark. King Christian of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden had to abdicate his throne in 1523 because of his thickheadedness, regardlessness, and cruelty". Unfortunately, none of this can be proven as yet. Communications with Denmark and records of the LDS indicate that Quirinus Peck's last name may well have been "BECK", as "Peck" is not known as a family name in Denmark, but Beck is common. This information comes from the writings of Johann Michael Moscherosch and I have not yet been able to document it yet. According to Professor Walter Schafer in Germany, a literary expert on Johann M. Moscherosch, there is no evidence of this link to Danish nobility and may have been a boast of Moscherosch. According to Schafer, "These writings conclude that the Spanish and Danish ancestry of the Moscheroschs is a legend, passed on as a family tradition, which cannot be proven and is not credible. All confirmed bearers of the name Moscherosch during the 16th century lived in Hagenau or Strassburg as skilled tradesmen, mostly butchers, they were not aristocrats" Of course, this does not mean that the Moscherosch ancestors were not common people from Spain and Denmark, only that the story Moscherosch told about them being of the Nobility may have been an exaggeration or even a lie. See chapter 13 for Danish ancestry, according to Johann Michael Moscherosch.
Euphemia Rauschart's Parents
There is some question about who Euphemia's parents were, but only as to the number of generations back to Agnes Schertlin. Johann Michael Moscherosch states that his great-grandmother was a sister of the knight Sebastian Schertlin, which would make Euphemia's mother Agnes Schertlin. However, it is estimated that Euphemia was born about 1550. Agnes died in 1544, which is indisputable. Even if Euphemia was born in 1544, Agnes would have been 44 years old. Not unheard of, but unusual. Also, it is known that Agnes Schertlin's husband was Michael Heimburger (or Harm). If Agnes's married name was Heimburger, how did Euphemia get the name of Rauschart? One possibility is that her maiden name was Heimburger, she married someone named Rauschart, was a widow and remarried Quirin Becker using her widowed name. However, it is more likely that Moscherosch was mistaken and that there was a generation between Euphemia and Agnes. This is the belief of Dr. Wunder, a genealogist in Germany. According to him, Euphemia's mother was named Veronika and she was the daughter of Agnes Schertlin, probably born about 1520. Euphemia's father is unknown, but apparently had the last name of Rauschart, which accounts for Euphemia's last name. Veronika's maiden name probably was Heimburger (or Harm). It is known that Euphemia was born about 1550 in Bruchsal, yet Agnes died in 1544 and her supposed grandfather (Veronika's father), Michel Heimburger, was in prison in Bruchsal in 1548, making Dr. Wunder's theory a very valid possibility..
Generation (9th Great Grandparents)
Maternus von Mosenrosh's Parents
According to Johanan Michael Moscherosch, and again without actual proof, Maternus's parents were supposedly of Spanish nobility. His father was Marzloff von Musenrosh or Mazlof de Museros. In 1520, Marzloff moved with King Charles V of Spain to the Netherlands from Barcelona and later moved to Alsace. Her stayed in Aachen when King Charles returned to Sp[ain in 1522, because he was in love with the daughter of a Netherlands nobleman from Vespenan (also called Vespenär). He may have been from the province of Valencia and may have been of Aragonese nobility. Maternus's mother was Katherine von Vespenan, from Aachen, who may have been originally of from the Netherlands and possibly of noble birth, but no proof of this exists yet. They were married in Strassburg where her father had moved with his family. This information comes from the writings of Johann Michael Moscherosch, sounds very romanticized, and I have not yet been able to document it yet. According to Professor Walter Schafer in Germany, a literary expert on Johann M. Moscherosch, there is no evidence of this link to Spanish nobility and may have been a boast of Moscherosch. According to Schafer, "These writings conclude that the Spanish and Danish ancestry of the Moscheroschs is a legend, passed on as a family tradition, which cannot be proven and is not credible. All confirmed bearers of the name Moscherosch during the 16th century lived in Hagenau or Strassburg as skilled tradesmen, mostly butchers, they were not aristocrats" Of course, this does not mean that the Moscherosch ancestors were not common people from Spain and Denmark, only that the story Moscherosch told about them being of the Nobility may have been an exaggeration or even a lie. See chapter 14 for possible Spanish and Dutch ancestry, according to Johann Michael Moscherosch.
Veronika (Heimberger?)'s Parents
As stated above, Veronika's father was probably Michel Heimberger, who was in prison in Bruchsal in 1548. Veronika's mother was Agnes Schertlin who was born about 1500 and died December 2, 1544 in Rastatt, Germany. Agnes was the sister of a famous German soldier and knight, Sebastian Schertlin von Burtenbach, and for this reason, the lineage can be further traced.
(10th Great Grandparents)
Marzloff von Musenrosh's Parents
According to Johanan Michael Moscherosch, and again without actual proof, Marzloff von Musenrosh's parents were Don Jeronimo de Musenrosh, Infancon or member of the Knights of Aragon, about 1500, who was married to Ehphemia de Balbron. As professional genealogists have tried to verify or disprove this relationship to Johann Michael Moscherosch (and myself) and failed, I doubt that I will ever be able to determine if these relationships are true. But it makes one heck of a possibility!
Agnes Schertlin's Parents
Heinrich Schertlin is listed in the Schorndorf property records in 1495 and 1528 in Gross-Heppach. He was a judge in 1498 and mayor of Schorndorf in 1513. Agnes's mother was Agnes Grieninger. Their marriage date is unknown, but they were married in Entringen, Germany. Heinrich was also married to an Apollonia (last name unknown), but it is not known if this was before or after his other wife. Heinrich and Agnes also had two sons:
1. Heinrich Schertlin was a student at Tubingen in 1513 and a minister in Schorndorf in 1534. Tubingen was a very exclusive school.
2. Sebastian Schertlin von Burtenbach "was a knight and colonel, known for his bravery and considered a hero. This is further proven in the archives in Stuttgart, where the Schertel family archives are documented and located among the knight's public papers, including special mention by Hegauer over the life and actions of the honorable knight Sebastian (Schertlin) Schertal von Burtenbach." According to the Abstract of Meyer's Army Archive - Encyclopedia (4th edition), "Schaertlin (Schertlin) von Burtenbach, Sebastian, was a very famous army captain, who was born on the 12th of February, 1496, in Scherndorf Wuerttemberg (Schwabien). He studied in Tubingen and Vienna, and later joined the army. In 1519, he participated in the war against Ulrich von Wuerttemberg and in 1525 also against the peasants. He fought with the Imperial Army against the Turks in Hungary and the French in Italy and France, and offered his services in 1530 as Field Captain to the city of Augsburg. In 1532 he bought the estate Burtenbach and became a Protestant. In 1546, he led the armies of Upper Germany in the Schmalkaldisch War, occupied on the 10th of July, Fuessen, and intended to occupy the Tyrol, but was ordered by the leaders of the Schmalkaldischen Bundes (confederacy) not to proceed, and had to make amends with the main army in Donauwoerth.
After the abolishment and on orders to subjugate to Augsburg with no amnesty forthcoming, he showed his displeasure by joining in 1548, the French Army. As a consequence, he was totally ignored, and his estates were confiscated. In 1551, he went to the Imperial Court of France, intervened and negotiated on the 2nd of February, 1552, in the castle of Chambord, a treaty between the French King Henry II and Prince Moritz von Sachsen (Saxony). For this, he was in 1553, exonerated. He lived out his last days on his estate Burtenbach, where he died on the 18th of November in 1557. In his honor were published by Schoenhut: Lives and Actions of Schaertlins, authored by him in German, signed by him as the knight."
There is also a selection from another book which was sent to me from Germany. "1529 was the battle against the Turks before the gates of Vienna. (The First). Hans Frederick Blunk in "Victories of the Reich" (S.215/216).........The first army looted the enemy and emaciated Schertlin von Burtenbach, Augsburgs Field Captain, and not one was spared. Solimann made a turnabout, did the Turks learn a lesson......". Sebastian was apparently a major factor in the victory over the Turks at the battle of Vienna, which was the turning point in the Moslem invasion of Europe. The siege of Vienna by the Turks lasted from September 27 to October 15, before the Turks gave up and retreated.
He has also been described as "...a man whose activities influenced the outcome of great historical moments". He "was the first German soldier and field-major during the middle of that century (16th) who was not a knight by birth, but one who had earned his elevation to knighthood and gained a position among the German knights through personal heroism and military know how". Sebastian wrote his own autobiography in longhand and it still exists. For some reason, his descendants had removed the beginning dealing with the ancestors of the knight, which is a tragedy, although his ancestors are known from other sources. One must wonder why his descendants would do such a thing, though. Sebastian ordered his son to finish his autobiography when he could no longer write it himself. The surviving autobiography contains the following excerpts:
"I, Sebastian Schertlin of Burtenbach, Hoenburg, and Bissingen, Knight and Major, Councilor of His Roman Imperial Majesty, was born on a Sunday in the year 1496, February 12, at 4:00 a.m., and I was in my 22nd year at the time of efforts to get rid of Franz von Sickingen."
"Anno 1518 I went to war for the very first time, together with the Lord Michel Otten, quartermaster of His Roman-Imperial Majesty Maximillian I."
"In May 1519 I went to war in Geldern. In August of the same year I also participated in the alliance war."
"Anno 1521, as a lancer in the service of His Roman-Imperial Majesty, under the command of Count Friedrich von Furstenberg, I fought against the King of France (I received 400 guilders). During the same year, under the leadership of Lord Jorg von Frundsperg I also participated in the dangerous retreat from Valenciennes. Also during the same year, on the day of St. Ursula which fell on a Sunday, my dear wife bore a daughter late in the evening. She was named Ursula. Prior to that she bore a son, named Hans Sebastian, but he lived only for 12 days."
"In the name of the German Empire I was promoted in Anno 1522 by Count Ludwig Helfrich von Helfenstein to major, commander of 12 companies of foot soldiers against the Turks." (Later during the Peasant war, this count was forced by the peasants to run the gauntlet.). "This war happened in the year during which Archduke Ferdinand of Neustadt had the Austrian lords beheaded. We were equipped with 400 foot soldiers, 600 outfitted horses, 2,000 horsemen and horses. We stopped in Bosnia, in a small town and castle called Cupa, which still belonged to the Christians. They were sorely besieged by the Turk Bassa, who lost two battles. We freed them. The war lasted three months and I received 500 guilders for it."
"Anno 1523 was the year of the Imperial diet at Nuremberg, I received gifts from Margrave Joachim, Elector of the March; and from Duke Albrecht of Mecklenburg. They commissioned me to recruit 6,000 good soldiers around the area of Lake Constance, for the King of Denmark. They took me along to the court in Berlin. I spent three months there. It was during the year when the Bohemian King was driven out by the Hanseatic Union and replaced by the one from Holstein. Near Dinkelsbuhl one of my servants was stabbed to death by the Lord Christoph von Absperg, about which I did nothing."
"In the year 1542, on the 12th day of the month of July, my Lord of Saxony and Hessia called me to be his Highness's major over 14 companies of foot soldiers which were to be recruited in Butzbach. This took place. I brought to His Highness 13 companies of foot soldiers, and four more companies of Netherlanders were added, making a total of 8,000 persons and 2,000 horsemen. Thus the Elector of Saxony had gathered 13 companies of foot soldiers and 2,000 horsemen, and the Braunschweigers and those from Goslar brought their own army of 2,000 foot soldiers and 800 horsemen. All of this because over matters of faith the Duke Heinrich of Braunschweig had troubled these towns with all sorts of vexations; he had mocked these two princes with his writings; he had starved prisoners to death which was publicly discussed; he was an incendiary; and especially because he seceded from the empire and His Imperial -Royal Majesty, and did not obey orders. Therefore the highly esteemed princes and dukes, as well as barons and towns and the ranks of the evangelical-Lutheran union, ran over him with 100 pieces of guns and armory and ran him out of the country and away from that unprofitable House of Wolfenbuttel. All this occurred with gruesome shooting which involved 300 horses, 200 foot soldiers and 1,000 peasants, as well as two young sons of the Lord Heinrich. The castle surrendered four days after the start of the shootout."
All this caused me much difficulty, toil, fear, and worry. Each month I was paid 400 guilders in cash. Together with my son-in-law Hans von Stammheim (whom I had promoted to major) I kept 14 horses, two coaches, 12 yeomen, a group of musicians and other servants, altogether 35 persons which were a daily expense. For these and for my own salary I was given 784 guilders per month. I received 300 guilders for supplies. As a gift I was given a beautiful horse, from Duke Heinrich's stable, worth 100 guilders, a half silver - half linen frock worth 150 guilders. For my loyal services I was rewarded by Count Philip with 400 guilders in gold and the request that once I was knighted by His Roman Imperial Majesty, my conduct would reflect honor upon His Highness. I agreed and kept this promise. The war was short and had a good outcome. However, a large English dog which belonged to Duke Heinrich, attacked me in Braunschweig in the Margrave's chambers and bit me in the thigh seven times. All in all, I profited about 4,000 guilders from this war. Thanks and praise to the almighty for evermore."
NOTE: Through research, I found out that during this time period, a guilder was worth a minimum of $100 in today's money, meaning that Sebastian's 4,000 guilder profit in 1542 was worth about $400,000 in today's money!
The rest of the autobiography I have access to was written by Sebastian's son, Hans Sebastian.
"In the year of the Lord 1577, in the afternoon of March 16, between four and five o'clock my beloved father was sitting at a table in the large room of his house in Augsburg, where he lived. He was reading a history book. As usual, a bowl of soup was brought in to him as refreshment, when he was suddenly struck down by God's power. First, Hans Beck, his page, and after him, all the servants came running. They laid him on a lounge and then prepared the bed for him in his chamber. Doctor Achilles Gasser, his personal physician, who was also ill at this time, came as fast as he could and provided relief as best he could. Thus he laid several hours. Meanwhile, my eldest daughter Maria sent Christoph N., a servant, to me in Burtenbach. He reached me here by five o'clock in the morning. I immediately left with him, and I arrived there between five and six o'clock. Regretfully, I found my father in his chamber, very weak. Though he recognized me, he was unable to speak. I remained there with him for 14 days in Augsburg, getting two more physicians, Doctor Lucas Stenglin and Doctor Morchen to assist Doctor Achilles Gasser. They all did whatever possible, and by the grace of God within several months he did recover enough to stand, walk, and eat with his right hand, which had been the one most affected, and speak reasonably well. Though speaking and remembering were extremely difficult, he improved daily, so that slowly he began to read again. Unable to write with his right hand, yet he comprehended everything that was clearly said to him. His memory seemed better in the morning than at night."
"He remained in Augsburg till the first part of August, walking around the house and garden by himself, and before long he desired to ride out to Burtenbach. Prior to that he had rode around town in Doctor Tradel's coach, as a trial run. And so, together with me, Knight Hans Sebastian Schertlin von Burtenbach and 15 other horses, he valiantly rode his horse from Augsburg all the way to the new hostelry. There he took refreshment, and in the afternoon he once again mounted his steed and rode with me toward Burtenbach. Shortly before Burtenbach, however, he was seated in the sedan chair I had brought along, resting while we made our way through the forest. As soon as we were out of the forest, he remounted his horse, rode through Burtenbach to the manor, where he rested a bit and then went for a stroll in the garden, all the while feeling quite well. Thus he stayed with me in Burtenbach during the month of august, cheerfully and quite well. In September he returned to Augsberg because of business affairs. However, he rode in the sedan chair most of the way, that is, all the way to the meadow at Pfersheim where he mounted his horse and rode next to me all the way to his house in Augsburg. He remained there without much pain until November 18, 1577, growing weaker each day. During the night of the 18th of November, he felt especially weak, and the following morning, he needed Hans Beck his page, and other servants to help him get up and bring him to the front room where they placed him on the lounge. Matthaus Stamler, Veltlin Heinrich von Ellishausen, the Imperial Major, and others whom he had asked for, came to see him. When he was unable to speak, he simply offered his hand, blessed them three times with his right hand, and became quiet, commanding his mind and heart to the Almighty. In the same year, during his illness, he had bid his farewell in Christian, God pleasing manner with the true body and blood of Christ. Several days earlier he had bid his final farewell with the assistance of the reverend Christoph, minister of the "Bare-footed Friars", an honorable preacher of the Augsburg Confession. Then he lay there, there was nothing anyone could do for him. I was called the same day by one of his servants. I immediately hurried off, arriving at our house during the night of November 18, at the sixth hour, my dear father still alive on the lounge in the large front room. However, he was nearing the end, and just as the clock struck eight, he blessedly fell asleep in Jesus Christ, our savior. He fought the fight in this vale of woe in a knightly, Christian manner; may the Almighty have mercy on him and on us."
I was a little disappointed that there was not more about his adventures as a knight, especially during the Battle of Vienna in 1529, but the information that was provided is very interesting. Imagine if every one of our ancestors had kept a similar diary of their lives and passed it down to their descendants! I will attempt to get more from Sebastian's autobiography, and ultimately a copy of it if it is in print.
The following is from a website about Fuessen, Bavaria:
Fuessen stands 2,500 ft above sea level upon the base of the Allgaeu Alps (Tannheim Mountains). The Ammergau Mountains are situated in the South - Eastern area of the Bavarian district of Swabia.
With the exception of the two world wars, Fuessen experienced nearly all the European wars of modern times; the worry of farmers not in 1525, the Schmalkaldisch war in 1546 when one called Schertlin von Burtenbach occupied the town, the Thirty years war when
the town was pillaged by the Swedes & their allies, the 1700 to 1714 Spanish war of succession with the marches through the town & the Austrian Bavarian war of succession from 1740 - 1745.
For the descendants of Sebastian Schertlin, see Chapter 15.
From an old printing in Latin about Sebastian Schertlin von Burtenbachwords in [ ] may not be an exact translation
Sebastian Schertlin of Burtenbach was born in Schwabien of noble parentage. As a youth, he cultivated the arts, and endowed with a heroic disposition, devoted himself to the science of military engineering, which he pursued, and in which he so excelled for most of his life, that he was twice decorated with the honors of Most Distinguished Knight. At age 22, he joined in a war with the Emperor Maximilian I to quell the rebellion of Franz von Sickingen and herein obtained his first real military training for battle. Then under the command of Emperor Charles V and mentorship of Friedrich von Furstenberg, he joined in the campaigns against Geldern, Picardy, and Valenciencies., and displayed such outstanding military prowess that Count Ludwig von Helfenstein, who himself was the Major-General of that army, which was then being dispatched to Crupa to free the city from the Turkish siege, appointed him commander of two standards of soldiers. Then, [after storming New France], he sought Milan at his own expense and joined the Emperor's forces there, through whose assistance some 40,000 Gauls and their allies [Solverti] were slain. Equally prestigious and deserving of glory was his victory over Franz, the French king, at Ticinus, where the kings of [New France], England, and Scotland were killed, and Franz was captured and brought to Spain; indeed, for his singular display of military valor and industry, Schertlin first received the renowned distinction of Knight Extraordinaire from the Vice-Regent of Naples.
When the peasants revolted in many places throughout Germany, Schertlin was unanimously selected by the confederation of princes to suppress the rebellion, and in a short time, many thousands were slaughtered and the rest were returned to the hegemony of the league: the cities of Wirzburg, Schoeinfort, and Baumberg, which had once been under the control of the confederacy were regained. After this sedition had been [checked], he hastened to Milan with Jorg von Frundspereg to bring reinforcements to relieve the siege there, where Caspar (Caspatus), Jorg's son, was being sorely pressed by the [allied] army. From whence, after the siege had been broken and the enemy were in retreat, to the command of Major-General Charles of Berbor, he handed over the imperial forces and the city of Rome, at whose assault he was present. Afterward, in retreat, he stormed the city of Narnia since it refused to admit the soldiers or sell them needed supplies. When the Gallic chieftain, Lotrech, was about to besiege the city of Naples with his army, Schertlin and his colleagues set out for Naples, where, after sustaining the worst siege, they broke the assault, while the Gauls and some of Lotrech's noble princes began fighting one another to the death and many nobles of lesser and [?] rank were captured.
Then after the campaign at Naples, he overcame the obstacles of steep cliffs and the Alps, recovered the state of [Matrice], put to death many, and devastated the Ursini, who had taken Aquilia and other towns. It was also at this time that the Turkish Sultan Suliman was approaching Vienna with a great army; however, as the tyrant's fortune fell short of his expectations, he cowardly sought flight, leaving behind 20,000 light-[armed] cavalry to exact plunder from the Christians and ravage the neighboring lands with fire and the sword. Suliman was now besieging the town of Gonzia when Schertlin was enlisted by the nobles of Bavaria, the Honorable Republic, and the [primary] confederate states of Schwabien and hastened into Hungary with many [companies] of cavalry and infantry. There he was designated Tribune-Plenipotent of the infantry by Friedrich, General-Elect of the Rhine, and supreme commander of the army, which office he discharged so boldly and [valiantly], that he apprehended the Turkish army in the [nearby forests] and destroyed it with a small column of his own men. Then from there it fell to his lot to be summoned to Vienna by King Ferdinand with the aforementioned general, Friedrich. [and six other princes and nobles] to receive the rank of Most Royal Knight; a distinction which he accepted from the king for the second time.
Then departing with Caspar von Frundsperg and several standards of soldiers, he joined with the Emperor Charles who was waging war against the Gallic king in southern France to regain Fossana, a state of 6,000 prominent Gauls. He afforded such remarkable assistance to Philip, king of Hessia and landtgrand, who was warring against Henry of [Brunschweig], that Wultfenbeutel, a seemingly impregnable citadel, was stormed, and later the king and his son Charles came into the power of Landtgrand. When the emperor had procured new reinforcements in the elections at [Spirens] from the imperial ranks for his war against the French king, at the emperor's command, Schertlin replaced his colleague, Richard, and was appointed Major General of the entire army. In the Schmalkdich campaign between the emperor and eight other nobles from the [rebellious] party, he fulfilled the duty of supreme commander of the infantry, but, although Getum had complied with the strategy he was espousing for accelerating the execution of the battle, the emperor, as the reinforcements of French troops had not yet arrived, was forced to retreat from the [German] camp. When the war was finished and John, Friedrich the Elect, and Philip, prince of Landtgrand and Hessia had been captured, Schertlin fled the emperor's anger and sought refuge with the French king Henry, and, in his service, took part in several campaigns against the emperor. At last he was reconciled and was promoted to Lieutenant Commander of both the cavalry and the infantry by the emperor and many of the church prelates and other leaders of the Landsperg Confederacy; indeed, had he not been personally selected for this highest command, he himself would have willingly volunteered. He was summoned by the Emperor Ferdinand into Hungary with twelve standards and maintained the soldiers for five months at his own expense. Finally, he was chosen by Roman Emperor Maximillian II to discharge the rank of [Major-General] for the war against the Turks in Hungary. Alas, he was stricken by sickness and was unable to undertake this campaign.
At last, after he had shown himself to be the most valiant champion in wars throughout Germany, Italy, Hungary, and France, he lived peacefully to a ripe old age at [Vincienes]. He died at age 80, November 10, 1577.
Thus concludeth the famous tale of Sebastian Schertlin von Burtenbach.
The following was sent to me by a possible relative, Herman Schertel, and appears to be a college paper of some sort written about Sebastian Schertlin, giving much information about his life. Best of all, it was written in English! I am grateful to whoever wrote it.
Sebastian Schertlin (1496-1578) among many Masters
University of California
History 280 B Spring 1995
June 27, 1997
Prof. Thomas A. Brady Jr.
Prof. Elaine Tennant
In 1517, a young scholar, Sebastian Schertlin (perhaps dissatisfied with the prospects of ever gaining tenure) forsook his graduate studies and without any military training became a foot soldier. It was a wise choice. War was the growth industry of the Holy Roman Empire in the first half of the 16th century. Born the son of a forester he died in his bed at the age of 82. He was wealthy, honored, and the founder of a brand new "old" aristocratic family. Schertlin's life is well documented and over the years several scholars have profitably mined different selections of this material in order to illustrate various aspects of 16th century life. When examined in these studies, nothing in Schertlin's life is exceptional. Certainly not his education; Tübingen University had been constructed to educate a lower bureaucracy for the principality. The military technology he employed-infantry, field artillery and logistics-were already well developed. The sources of his financial wealth also were far from original. Booty from military campaigns, investments in trade and banking and the systematic increase of the productivity of a landed
estate by rationalizing its natural and human resources. Even his social rise, while enough to irritate some of the old nobility, was not surprising; the creation of nobles was a useful tool widely employed in the 16th century.
It is unusual, however, that it should all have been done in one lifetime-even one as long as Schertlin's-and by one man. This is not to say that he accomplished it on his own. He employed a variety of contemporary strategies to mobilize and gain the support of others. Family: his wife was his partner, overseeing their lands and investments during his extended absences. In one notable case while he was campaigning in France, she even maintained a feud. His sons entered the partnership, their duties increasing with their age. Marriage: his children married into the landed nobility. The contracts were favorable to Schertlin; the estates of his daughter's husband came to Schertlin on the death of the groom, even though the daughter had predeceased him. Relatives: he employed "cousins" in positions of trust. His most deftly applied strategy, however was in his relationships with his masters, the princes, cities, emperors and kings who paid him a retainer-the clients of his military services.
Schertlin was first offered a contract by Nuremberg in 1525. He turned it down saying that he was "altogether too young and inexperienced." If there were gaps in his military experience the Italian campaign of 1526-1528 certainly filled them. It was a dreadful affair in which the Imperial Army was victorious but, leaderless and unpaid, it became mutinous and the Emperor disowned it. "The victory was secured by this army, but nearly all the victors remained in the Italian soil." Schertlin, himself nearly died of the plague. "And so with good luck on May 8th I returned with joy to Schorndorf, to wife and children. I had gained 15,000 gulden together with fine clothing and jewelry. The Almighty be praised! I had well earned it."
After this experience, settling down may have looked more attractive. Schertlin's position had also changed. He was now independently wealthy, and of his military mentors, one Georg von Freundsburg was dead, and the other, Michael Ott was no longer active. This left Shertlin the most experienced infantry commander in the Empire. He was sought out by emissaries of both Wurtemberg (in the Emperor's name) and Duke Ludwig of Bavaria. He accepted both. For the rest of his life he would be retained by more than one entity at any given time, and sometimes as many as six. This appears to have been a common practice, and the inevitable conflicts of interest were worked out when they arose. This type of arrangement allowed a great deal of wiggle room for a man like Schertlin, and he effectively exploited the multiplicity of his masters to aid in the permanent establishment of his family. He held the clients of his military services in what we might call-only half-jokingly-indentured patronage. He would drop a patron who dissatisfied him, as he did Ludwig of Bavaria, a year after he had entered his service.
He attended the Reichstag in Augsburg in 1530 looking for new employers. The council of Augsburg itself hired him "for life" with the proviso that he would take up residence in the city thus hoping to insure his loyalty. From the beginning of his residence there the elite of the city were frequent guests in his house. On one occasion the merchant-financiers Jacob Fugger , Hans Wesler and others wagered together 4,000 golden florens against him concerning the sex of his expected child. The cathedral dean, Marquard von Stein, "never sat down to a meal without him"
In 1532, Schertlin again entered the service of the Dukes of Bavaria but this time through the purchase of the estate of Burtenbach. This estate lay east of Augsburg, outside the ducal territorial possessions but the lordship of which was part of the domain. The position of vassalage, though at this time largely ceremonial was never-the-less a complicating factor in Schertlin's relationships and could not be totally ignored with impunity. He accepted it as a lien or tax on his property, but rejected any hold on his personal loyalties. When Philip, Landgrave of Hesse, placed Schertlin on retainer in 1535, William of Bavaria objected, and as Schertlin's liege lord wrote to them both demanding an end to it. His protest was ignored.
Philip was the de-facto military leader of the Schmalkaldic League which had been formed in 1531 to provide security for the Protestant Estates. He urged the Protestant party in Augsburg to court Schertlin, which they did. With their encouragement and companionship, Schertlin went through a slow but apparently genuine conversion between the years 1532 and 1537, by which time confessional tensions forced him to choose between two sets of friends. By then, however, the main client of his services, the city council of Augsburg, had itself had joined the Protestant league.
Although Philip ignored Schertlin's relationship with his catholic liege lord William, he feared his relationship with the catholic Emperor Charles V. Schertlin had served in the imperial forces many times, and in the campaign launched to relieve the siege of Vienna in 1532 he had become an official hero. Through clever strategy and bold action Schertlin together with Count Frederick (the future Elector Palatine) caused the utter destruction of the Ottoman rear guard with little loss of imperial troops. In a great ceremony at the Hofburg in Vienna he was called in unison by the assembled princes and nobles to receive Knighthood from the Emperor. Twice he refused, answering that he was too poor and humble, but the third time he "modestly" accepted. From Charles V. he received a patent of nobility which included his father and grandfather, assigned him a coat of arms and allowed him to attach his name to the name of his new estate. He was instantly "tournierßgenossen" or old nobility. These were great honors that no lesser a prince could offer, and they had very real legal and economic consequences-if one were in a position to enforce the accompanying rights. And Schertlin was a man to use it rather than loose it.
With his noble standing, Schertlin embarked on the most enduring achievement of his life: founding a lineage. Before leaving on the Turkish campaign, Schertlin had purchased the market town and castle of Burtenbach in 1532 for 17,000 gulden After his return, he spent the next couple of years increasing both his claim to, and his income from this estate, which was now part of his name. He reorganized the agriculture and purchased the debts of his peasants from the local money lenders. His neighbors found this potent new force in their locality a threat to their privileges and made difficulties for him. The Freibergs appealed to Duke William, concerning Schertlin's enfeofment of own vassals in the six villages of Burtenbach. It wound up costing Schertlin an additional 1,000 florens to dispense a privilege he thought he had already purchased. "This seemed unjust to me" he wrote. But it was the formidable Stein family that mounted his biggest challenge. Their ancestral lands bordered Schertlin's estate, and for centuries they had held the exclusive right to hunt in the imperial reserve forests of Burtenbach. Schertlin asserted that he had purchased these rights with the forests and a feud ensued which cost him his friendship with this powerful neighbor and poisoned his relationship with King Ferdinand (who sided with the Steins). Augsburg failed to support him when-quite literally-push came to shove. In an armed skirmish in which Schertlin and his retainers had soundly defeated Stein, one of Schertlin's followers, Veit Hertrich, a commoner of Augsburg struck Stein on the shoulder knocking him backward. This breech of etiquette became a major scandal among the estates in the Empire; and Augusburg, fearing a renewal of the long and disruptive feud they had formerly fought with the Steins, capitulated. Schertlin, feeling betrayed, persevered. With the help of Philip of Hesse and Ulrich of Wurtemberg he won the legal battle, and through his own strength at arms he enforced his rights on the ground.
His victory wasn't without cost, however, for he was estranged from Ferdinand, who through the active politicking of the Steins withheld Schertlin's appointments for command in both the 1540 and 1542 campaigns against the Ottomans. Yet, at the same time, it was far from Pyretic: in 14 years he trebled the value of the estate.
The religious and political tensions in the empire continued to wax and wane, the Protestants interpreting the emperor's every move through their dread anticipation of the religious crackdown he had occasionally threatened. Charles was alternately threatening or conciliatory depending on the international situation and the degree of his need of the Protestant estates' support. In his fight with Stein Schertlin had endangered his imperial relations and may have felt that he had had become too dependent on, and compromised by, his new Protestant employers to capitalize on the opportunities afforded by the confessional cold-war environment. Against the wishes of both Philip and Augsburg, he served in the imperial force against France in 1536, thereby regaining the trust of Charles. Schertlin's loyalties were, possibly deliberately, a matter of doubt. As his former friend and current enemy, Marquard von Stein, wrote to the Augsburg Council concerning him at this time: "Do you believe that Schertlin will be a soldier of evangelical belief? He believes in good wages!"
The war went poorly, the imperial force besieged in Piedmont while the fleet that was suppose to support them was kept away by unfavorable winds. There was no battle, but starvation and disease were killers, and Schertlin himself, always successful at sparing with his troops' lives in battle, returned from this contest with a single soldier out of his regiment. Mollified by the general failure of the campaign and Schertlin's return to Augsburg, Philip welcomed him back into the secrets of the League. Beyond the crucial support Philip continued to give in the Stein feud, he drew Schertlin closer to himself and to the Protestant allies in other ways as well. Philip invited Schertlin's son Hans Sebastian to his court as a companion to his own son. He involved Schertlin in his counsels, often engaging him in secret negotiations concerning military preparations for the "defense" of the Schmalkaldic League. By the 1540's Schertlin was well versed in the military plans of both Philip and the League. In 1543, when Charles announced another campaign against France, the Protestant allies feared that his real intent was to crush them. Philip had possibly been offered the command of this force but with the Emperor suddenly free from commitments elsewhere Philip would now be in a subordinate position. Politically insecure due to his leadership of, and profiting from, the conquest of Brunswick and legally vulnerable due to his double marriage, Philip balked at this change in command.
Schertlin, together with the Imperial advisor David Baumgartner, devised a compromise for Philip with Cardinal Grenville, the emperor's chief minister, whom Schertlin had gotten to know and had impressed while he escorted him through Bavaria. In their proposal Philip would lead a third army in the French campaign, along side those of the King of England and the emperor. It was to be composed of Protestant forces (at their own cost) and strengthened with Spanish and Italian contingents. Philip refused. "We are amazed," he wrote Schertlin in a scathing letter, "that you, being a wise fellow (who knows Baumgartner well, and should remember the oath you have given to us) yourself undertake to negotiate this thing with him." Philip forbade Schertlin's participation in the Imperial action.
Schertlin was stung by this rebuke and actively politicked with the imperial counselors at the Speyer Reichstag for a commission in the campaign, even meeting with the Emperor himself. Augsburg refused to give Schertlin leave from his duties. Schertlin went ahead anyway and Augusburg and Philip both had to capitulate when Charles V himself penned a request for his services.
Schertlin turned down the first commission offered to him as being "too small." Eventually he negotiated the rank of captain general, and was put in charge of the muster, provisioning the army, the military court and the distribution of spoils. "I had many counts, lords and good men from the nobility [under my command] and I was outfitted like a prince" he notes with pride. While Philip was concerned about Schertlin's loyalty to the Protestant forces, Schertlin's friends were concerned about his safety while serving in this army. "He has more to fear from his allies than from the enemy," they said.
The young Duke Moritz of Saxony, who was at this time a prince relatively inexperienced both in war and politics, received a minor command in this campaign, for a man of his position. He and Schertlin spent months together in Soissons near Paris while the latter provisioned the troops and dispensed justice. Although Protestant and a member of the Schmalkaldic League, Moritz was on the lookout for "favorable opportunities" to better himself even at the expense of his cousin John Frederick, Elector of the other Saxony. In 1543 he had already begun the secret negotiations with the emperor which would gain him his cousin's elector's hat. This acquaintance was to prove useful to Schertlin (and to the Protestant cause) later on.
Any reservations the Protestant leaders had concerning Schertlin were quickly set aside on his return from France. Philip needed him to raise troops for the defense of Brunswick, and Augsburg needed him to ready defenses against a feared attack by Papal troops from the South. A modern comprehensive history of the Schmalkaldic war in 1546 and the Danube campaign has not yet been written, but the general outlines are well known. In the last months before hostilities, Schertlin was very active for the league. The question of the position the new Elector Palatine, Frederick II, would have in the Schmalkaldic League was an important one, and one on which current members of the league were divided. Schertlin was chosen by Augsburg for the secret mission of proposing league membership to Frederick due to the friendship between the two dating from the Turkish campaign of 1532. In December 1545 Frederick received him, the idea of conversion to Protestantism, and the proposal of membership all enthusiastically. According to his mission, Schertlin left Heidelberg and went to Philip in Cassel to gain his support, and Schertlin left believing he had done so. Schertlin then went before the estates of the league in Frankfurt, and returned with an offer to Heidelburg. He was astonished to be received coolly. The politics of the league and of Frederick's own position with his cousins in Bavaria, with the Emperor and his concern for his claim to the Danish throne scuttled this attempt at strengthening the league just as it was poised on the brink of war. Hopping to revive it Schertlin made a final and pointless journey to Cassel. Schertlin may also have been sent on another secret mission to Cologne but his mandate is unknown. While this foray into princely diplomacy may have been disappointing, Schertlin scored a success by cornering the market on available infantry. The Emperor, late to mobilize, demanded these troops of Schertlin, on pain of losing his freedoms, property and life. "I answered him" Schertlin says "with all modesty, that I had no intention of warring against His Majesty, but had raised the army to protect the City of Augsburg and to save the Fatherland."
Schertlin with this force secured an early advantage for the league which was later frittered away by the indecision of the league's war councils. Always arguing for decisive action as their only hope, Schertlin was continually restrained by the other commanders, the Elector John Frederick of Saxony and Philip. "My frequent requests, cries and pleadings and my honest advice
made no headway with the Landgrave. He flung his arms and stamped his feet and cried that I would seduce the army away from him
he ran and brought the Elector personally and I was led to them both in a field before the assembled troops. They persuaded me [that an attack would be too dangerous]." In summing up the Danube campaign Schertlin comments that "had I at that time stood firm in my conviction, everything would have been different." By accepting some responsibility in this defeat, this son of a forester assumes that his voice could have swayed the minds of two of the most important princes in the empire.
With the failure of this campaign, Schertlin rushed to take up the defense of Augsburg. He garrisoned and provisioned the city to hold out for "a year and a day" behind its new walls against an imperial siege. The secret council of the city formally requested his assessment of the situation. But they already knew their minds. War was expensive and disruptive of trade. They were, unknown to Schertlin, treating with the Emperor for terms of capitulation. Schertlin meanwhile replied that the city could and should hold out, because the princes in the north needed time to secure their bases and a siege would tie up the imperial forces.
Instead the council accepted the emperor's terms. Fearing a popular uprising (the stand against the emperor and the Catholic church was very popular), they brought Schertlin, who they feared might lead it, before them. Assuring him, in writing, that he had never acted other than as a "born nobleman" they promised to secure Burtenbach, through a reversible purchase, for him or his descendants and to petition the Emperor on his behalf.
He fled the city in the night with 35 knights and 40,000 florins in gold. Hotly pursued by the enemy, they made their way to temporary asylum in Constance. Schertlin personally and through every channel open to him, repeatedly petitioned the Emperor for a reconciliation. However, despite repeated entreaties on his behalf by the Baumgartners and the Fuggers, Ferdinand was adamant.
In his letters to Augsburg, Schertlin argues confidently that he could return to loyal imperial service but, never one to have all his irons in the same fire, he was at the same time he was negotiating with Constance, Zurich and the King of France for a new alliance and southern front to the war. Through the spring of 1547 Schertlin continued his involvement with the league, "because I was still Saxony's, Hesse's and Augusburg's employee." Philip wrote to him "repeatedly" to go to King Francis to gain aid. Schertlin notes that "in this business the King of France sent 200,000 Crowns to Saxony and Hesse" Schertlin was also raising troops for Philip when the latter capitulated. Agents of the King of France had also been repeatedly approaching Schertlin to come into French service. He had used the threat of doing so as an incentive first for imperial forgiveness, through his Augsburg connections, and later with Zurich authorities in his attempt to reside in Switzerland. At least as far as Schertlin was concerned the war was far from over. His correspondence with the sympathetic Henry Bullinger of Zurich shows he was actively involved in promoting the Protestant cause from the beginning of his exile in 1547 until the Peace of Passau established the legality of Protestant worship in 1552. A letter from King Ferdinand to Emperor Charles dated 1548 indicates the Hapsburgs had knowledge of his actions: "Constance is very important for you...The Swiss Confederacy, which is known to be inwardly very dissatisfied...should, through a legation, be quieted. Enclosed are three letters of Schertlin to Constance. Attempt to quiet the rebellion." In the attached letters Schertlin assures Constance of the King of France's interest in arriving at an arrangement. It is understandable that imperial agents relentlessly pursued him in Constance which quickly buckled under the pressure
Schertlin petitioned Zurich, offering a "thousand crowns if I can remain in Zurich or its vicinity" but the city feared for its neutrality and he was only allowed a brief stay. He wrote to Henry II of France concerning his troubles and his intention of seeking asylum in Basel. Henry, apparently glad at the chance to put Schertlin in his debt, sent a message to the council of Basel requesting that they receive him kindly. Schertlin purchased a house there to gain residency. Increasing the pressure on Schertlin, the Emperor declared him an outlaw in 1548 and his beloved Burtenbach was confiscated. Basel and other cities refused to accept or post the declaration, but the emperor had it presented directly to the Baden Tagsatzung in August 1548. Schertlin had to fight a continual battle in successive Tagsatzungen for permission to remain in Switzerland. The catholic cantons accused him of fomenting Protestant rebellion, while imperial ambassadors demanded that he be expelled. As early as the end of 1549 it was suggested privately to Schertlin that it would be more honorable for him to leave Basel voluntarily rather than wait and be kicked out.
Schertlin had other ideas. Although he employed different means in different circumstances he strove consistently, through out the years in exile, for three goals 1: to regain Burtenbach (or at least payment for it), 2: to return to imperial service, and finally, 3: to remain Protestant. In early 1548 he ended his efforts to reach these goals by negotiation and rode to France with his son and eleven knights where he had an audience with King Henry II and after coming to an agreement with him returned to Basel. Bullinger advised him not to ally himself against the emperor because it would make an honorable return to Germany impossible but, as an outlaw, only a sovereign patron could protect him now. On April 1, 1548 he resigned his Augsburg commission and entered French service. Schertlin began to contract for supplies and troops for the King and to engage in negotiations in the king's name. On a renewed attempt by the Basel authorities to expel their troublesome guest, King Henry II, on June 7, 1549, using provisions of a renewed treaty, named Schertlin his representative at the Tagsatzung with the right to remain in Switzerland for a "year and a day" and free movement through all Cantons. In response the emperor renewed the Declaration of Outlawry against Schertlin, offering for him a reward of 4,000 gulden.
The battle between the imperial and royal influence was played out over the next year and a half and finally ten cantons (excepting only Bern, Basel and Zurich) voted to expel Schertlin. When the French ambassador tried to ignore the demand, he was met with the response: "We will see if the King of France prefers a single person to all of the Swiss Confederation." Schertlin lodged a final detailed protest with the Basel council, but "in the end," Schertlin writes, "they had to do what the other regions had decided on. But none had, thank God, any complaint against me, neither in the council nor out of it." On the fifteenth of February 1551 Schertlin together with his sons and nine knights left Basel and journeyed to France.
This may have been a move forward. He had closely monitored the events in Germany, and took notable pleasure in recounting the difficulties the emperor was having with the enforcement of the interim, the Brunswick war and other projects. He particularly noted that at the Augsburg Reichstag in 1550 the emperor had advanced his son as the future emperor and had committed to the Council of Trent. "These two things and the fact that the prince from Spain [Charles' son Philip] was stiff and arrogant toward the German nobles did nothing but increase discontent with the emperor and increased all the more the war against him." In the fall and winter he had written frequently to Bullinger, in a joyful mood despite the difficulties he was having with the Tagsitzung, concerning the bad health of the emperor, the brave resistance of Magdeburg, the continuation of the war in north Germany and the increasing dissatisfaction in Germany with the emperor. The opportunities for Shertlin were now at the court of Henry. Henry treated him "like a prince" Schertlin assures us, providing him with an entourage and titles. He also allowed him to confiscate sufficient goods from the Augsburg merchants to cover the value of Burtenbach, interest and recovery costs-a sum totaling 60,000 florens. Schertlin became the lesion between the Protestant princes, most notably the new Elector of Saxony Moritz, and Henry, negotiating the agreements essential to finance the so-called Princes' Rebellion of 1552.
He set to work at once, he says, and he and his sons spent a year in the effort. "Finally Markgraf Albert of Brandenburg, representing Duke Moritz, the two sons of Landgraf Philip and Duke Henry of Mecklenburg, was dispatched from Germany to my king, to complete the proposed treaty. As I had been sent to Bern
I was requested to return immediately to court. Thus were the Markgraf and I seven weeks together at Paris, Orleans and Blois. He had two servants and I was served by a nobleman. It was nearly always by night that we had secret councils with the king and the constable concerning battle plans, money, and all the other things required in the treaty. Finally, in the beautiful palace of Chambord, everything was agreed upon and settled in February 1552."
Schertlin appears to have taken great pleasure in the subterfuges the secrecy of these negotiations required. "Whenever we had business in this important matter, I was led by a secretary through the all the guard rooms and the closets of the women's chambers. The Markgraf, going by the name of Lieutenant Paul von Bibrach had to follow me as if he were my servant." His vanity is certainly also touched. When he narrates the official signing of this treaty he notes that "the king said to me that his royal signet, which was engraved in a ruby, was over a thousand years old"-an unusually trivial digression for his Leben und Taten. But it serves to demonstrate his proximity to the king at an historic moment.
Schertlin had been away from court at that time trying to arrange for a Swiss offensive against Burgundy. "I hope, with the help of God to bring Bern, Zurich Basel and Solothurn into action [against the emperor]" he wrote to Hans von Heideck on October 10, 1551. Some such plan had been in his mind since he had fled Augsburg. Perhaps it was always doomed to fail, and in the end the Swiss Confederacy largely stood by its neutrality and the most he could get out of them was a limited right to raise troops, purchase munitions and a begrudged permission to muster in Solothurn "I assembled my regiment with more effort and work on my part than I had ever expended in my whole life." A month after the treaty Moritz led the allied princes on their successful campaign to the south. They nearly captured the emperor as he fled from Augsburg which Moritz captured on April 18. "As soon as Duke Moritz of Saxony together with other princes had taken Augsburg, I wrote to Markgraf Albert of Brandenburg that he should send his knights and Jakob of Schulenburg to restore Burtenbach to me." With the permission of King Henry Schertlin sent his son and a cousin to Augsburg to see the matter through and, on August 1st-the day before the peace of Passau was signed-all matters were settled concerning Burtenbach; Schertlin was to regain possession. But then the emperor returned to Augsburg and restored Burtenbach to Bonacurs, the man to whom he had given it in 1548.
But he was still an outlaw in the empire and a naturalized subject of the French King who was still fighting a war with the emperor. In January 1553 he heard a rumor from "princes and other honorable people" that the emperor was looking for the chance to come to an agreement with him. He immediately became ill and was allowed by king Henry to go to "German territory" to recover. Schertlin went to Basel where he was approached by David Baumgartner on behalf of the emperor. Schertlin spelled out his terms: 1: that the agreement should include not only the emperor, but King Ferdinand as well. It should also cover all outstanding claims against him from everyone. 2: That Burtenbach and all his goods should be restored to him. 3: That the agreement should not just cover himself, but all his cousins, friends, lieutenant and
his other military companions. The emperor quickly accepted the first and third conditions if Schertlin would release the numerous people in the empire who had insulted him and leave them in peace. He also demanded that Schertlin be willing to fight against France. And finally he said that there was no way in which their imperial majesties could return to Schertlin what they had already given away (Burtenbach).
Schertlin replied that it would not be honorable for him to fight against the King who had given him protection in his need-for at least a year. And unless all his former possessions were returned to him, he would make no deal. "On that, and after much back and forth discussion, His Majesty allowed that I had a debt to France, and that the people in Augsburg were desirous that I should regain my possessions." Schertlin may have been overstating the matter when he summed up the prince's rebellion with the comment: "and it is finally thus: if he [Charles V.] had forgiven the knights Hans von Haideck, Reiffenberg, me and Gabriel and Christof Arnberg (two Palatine secretaries) in a timely manner and had not continued to hound us, this war would never have been staged against him. It was only because we had been driven away and ruined that we undertook to solicit for the king of France the above named electors and princes by which means we aroused this war." Yet it was no ordinary son-of-a-forester that could successfully make such demands of an emperor.
Schertlin could now return to Augsburg. He was restored to his former honors and positions, and his confiscated estate was returned to him. Ferdinand, now Emperor, the man who had ordered and plotted his murder several times since 1525, granted him the new honorary title of "Imperial Councilor". Once again, Princes and prelates of the old faith and new were frequent guests in his Augusburg house, and in 1566, Maximillian II invited Schertlin to command a force sent against the Ottomans as Commanding General. Shertlin told the emperor that "the force is too small for me, and due to the weakness of my body I must remain [in Augsburg]." He was 70.
There is little evidence that Schertlin was an original thinker. He employed tools that were in common usage, even though he did so in a spectacularly successful way. Few people in the 16th century left a fortune of a million florens, lived to the age of 82, or founded a lineage. But undoubtedly many people gained a greater or lesser degree of independent movement by similarly negotiating the fissures inherent in the complex divided lordship of the era. We are fortunate that in Schertlin's well documented life we have such a clear example of the opportunities and dangers inherent in such a continually negotiated freedom.
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19. Muralt, Leonhard von, et al. Das Zeitalter der Entdeckungen, der Renaissance und der Glaubenskämpfe. Die Neue Propyläen-Weltgeschichte 3. Berlin: Propyläen Verlag, 1941.
20. Ozment, Steven. Magdalena and Balthasar. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1986.
21. ---. Three Behaim Boys: Growing Up in Early Modern Germany. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1990.
22. ---. When Fathers Ruled; Family Life in Reformation Europe. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1983.
23. Pehl, Friedrich. Das Wirtschaftsbuch Schertlins von Burtenbach. Munich, 1925.
24. Ranke, Leopold von. Deutsche Geschichte im Zeitalter der Reformation. Gesamt-Ausgabe der Deutschen Akademie Leopold von Ranke's Werke. Munich: Drei Masken, 1926.
25. Redlich, Fritz. The German Military Enterpriser and His Workforce. A Study in European Economic and Social History Vol. 1. Viertljahrschrift für Sozial- und Wirtschaftsgeschichte 47. Wiesbaden:
Franz Steiner, 1964.
26. Rexroth, Frans von. Der Landsknechtführer Sebastian Schertlin; Ein Bild seines Lebens und der beginnenden Neuzeit. Tübingen: H. Laupp jr., 1940.
27. Rommel, Christoph von. Geschichte von Hessen. Cassel, 1830.
28. ---. Philipp der Großmüthige, Landgraf von Hessen. Ein Beitrag zur genaueren Kunde der Reformation und des sechszehnten Jahrhunderts. Gießen: George Friedrich Heyer, 1830.
29. Schüz, Alfred. Der Donaufeldzug Karls V. im Jahre 1546. Tübingen: H. Laupp jr., 1930.
30. Schreiner, Klaus. Disziplinierte Wissenschaftsfreiheit : gedankliche Begrundung und geschichtliche Praxis freien Forschens, Lehrens und Lernens an der Universitat Tubingen (1477-1945).
Contubernium 22. Tubingen: Mohr, 1981.
31. Seibt, Ferdinand. Karl V.; Der Kaiser und die Reformation. Berlin, 1990.
32. Simler, Johann Jacob, editor. Sammlung alter und neuer Urkunden zur Beleuchtung der Kirchen-Geschichte, vornamlich des Schweizer-Landes. Zurich: J. H. Ziegler, 1757-1763.
33. Stern, Alfred von. " Zürich und Schertlin von Burtenbach." Turicnsia, Beiträge zur zurischen Geschichte (1881): 114-28.
34. Thommen, Rudolf. "Sebastian Schertlin in Basel." Basler Jahrbuch (1897): 226-63.
35. Winkelmann, Otto, ed. Politische Correspondenz der Stadt Strassburg im Zeitalter der Reformation. Strassburg: Karl J. Trubner, 1898.
Generation (11th Great Grandparents)
Heinrich Schertlin's Parents
Heinrich's father was Georg Schertlin, who died in 1511. Georg was a judge in Leonberg mentioned in records in 1482 and 1486. He was the governing head of the district (in German-a "Vogt") in Vaihingen in 1490. Heinrich's mother was Margaretha Russbart, who was previously married and had the widowed name of Keller.
George and Margaretha also had two other sons: Georg, possibly from Leonberg, and Franz, who was a forest ranger in Schorndorf from 1525-1543, in 1524-25 was a "lader" (a person who loads guns for his master), was in some sort of trouble during 1535-1536, lived in Heidenheim 1536-1541, and died January 8, 1543. He was buried in Schaithaim and was survived by his widow, Apollonie. There is also a mention of a monk from Lorch as one of Sebastian's uncles, but not named.
Agnes Grieninger's Parents
Agnes's father was Hans Grieninger of Entingen.
Generation (12th Great Grandparents)
Georg Schertlin's Parents
Georg's father was Auberlin Schertlin, who was born about 1400 and died after 1482. He was married 4 times and had 6 known children. He was the highest ranking tax officer (treasurer) and warden for his Duke in Leonberg, mentioned in records in 1456, 1461, 1462, 1465, and 1466. He was known as the "old treasurer". In 1470 he paid taxes for 6,000 Guilders and was the "far most rich citizen of Leonberg". I guess we know where the tax money went! His other 5 children were:
1. Ludwig Schertlin who was the mayor (Schultheiss) in Vaihingen mentioned in records in
1470, 1473, and 1498. He had a son, Hans, who was a member of the court in 1498.
Hans became supervisor (administrative officer of a county or town) of Vaihingen in
1501. Han's had a grandson, not mentioned by name, but probably was Philipp who lived in Vaihingen in 1513 and was a church administrator. Ludwig apparently had 2 grandson
named Ludwig and Philipp.
2. Heinrich Schertlin who was a minister in Bruchsaal, ordained bishop in Speyer, 1487 -
3. Peter Schertlin and Andreas Schertlin, which cannot be documented.
4. Aberlin Schertlin was married on January 20, 1454, possibly to a woman with the last name
of Wolfangel from Eltingen, where he owned an estate in 1481.. He was magistrate (member of a town administration) in Leonberg from 1458 and was also mayor in 1465 and also a judge. He was "among those who formed a devout brotherhood who came together over a meal and worship service on Whitsunday each year promising not only to regularly donate candles for the churches, but also to refrain from hiring farm workers away from others and to pay a minimum wage to apprentices". He moved to Nagold in 1471 where he was chief magistrate in 1481 and superintendent (chief director of an administrative office - usually responsible for more than one village) in 1483-1484 and was also superintendent in Leonberg from 1488-1493. He was living in Leonberg in 1497. Aberlin had 6 sons:
a. Konrad was mayor of Nagold 1485-1490, member of the court and district representative in 1498, and mayor again in 1505, 1516, and 1522-1526. Konrad's son, Franz, was mayor of Rottenburg in 1529-1530 and left behind a large family.
b. Auberlin, was mayor, treasurer, supervisor and member of the judiciary of Brackenheim 1498-1500. He was married to Barbara Gaisberg and died before 1507. His sons were: Markus of Cannstatt; Albrecht; Aberlin, a member of the Brackenheim judiciary; and Bartolomaus, who studied in Tubingen in 1515 and was councilman in 1519.
c. Johann (Hans), was mayor of Leonberg 1n 1482. He apparently inherited his mother's farm estate in Eltingen in 1486 and he was a member of the court there in 1487 and mayor in 1509-1512. In 1498, he is listed as being "near 40 years old". By 1525, he is the richest man in Leonberg, held the post of supervisor, and was the oldest member of the court from 1528-1532. Johann's children:
1) His son Wolfgang was mayor of Cannstatt and owned property in Leonberg until 1528. His wife was probably named Barbara.
2) His son, Hans, was a university student in 1543.
3) His daughter, Barbara, was married to Konrad Besserer (who died at a young age) and by 1544, she still owned 900 fl. after paying a dowry to her son-in- law.
4) Another daughter, Anna, married Lorenz Haug of Brackenheim, who was a neighbor of Wolfgang and Barbara (above) and quite rich. Anna's children were Hans (mayor of Brackenheim) died 1585; Lorenz of Leonberg; and Michael, county clerk in Rottenburg.
d. Ludwig studied at Tubingen in 1485 and fathered an illegitimate son there and later lived in Ulm. His sons are listed as Siebold, a soldier; Ludwig, supervisor of Beilstein 1538-1546; and Dietrich, city clerk in Ulm.
e. Franz studied in Tubingen in 1477, earned a master of arts degree and is listed as property owner in Leonberg in 1504 and 1516.
f. Stefan was the father of: Stefan, clerk in Strasbourg; Michel, who died before 1523; and Jacob. Michel was the founder of the Schertlins of Herrenburg.
Generation (13th Great Grandparents)
Auberlin (1400) Schertlin's Parents
Auberlin (1400) Schertlin's father was Auberlin Schertlin, born about 1360 and died after 1446, living over 100 years. He was the highest ranking tax collector and warden for the Duke in Markgroningen. He was tax collector for 3 Wuerttemberg Dukes. This probably refers to Count Eberhard the Mild (died 1417), Eberhard the Young (died 1419) and Ulrich the "Much Loved". He was also a judge in 1412. He had another son, Peter Schertlin, who was a judge and mayor, mentioned in 1425.
Generation (14th Great Grandparents)
Auberlin (1360) Schertlin's Parents
Auberlin (1360) Schertlin's father was Auberlin Schertlin, who was born about 1330. He was known as "der Alt" (the old) and is mentioned in records in 1383, 1399, and 1412 in Leonberg. He also had another son named Peter Schertlin, who was mentioned in records in 1424 and 1433.
Generation (15th Great Grandparents)
Auberlin (1330) Schertlin's Parents
Auberlin (1330) Schertlin's father was Albrecht Scherter, born about 1300 and mentioned in records in 1351.
Generation (15th Great Grandparents)
Albrecht Scherter's Parents
Albrecht's father's first name is unknown, but his last name was obviously Scherter, and he had another son, Siefert Scherter.
There has also been a Heinrich Schertlin mentioned in 1250 and 1287 as joint heir of the Haynerburg near Muhlhausen in Thuringia, but it is unknown if he is an ancestor. However, experts believe it is possible because "as early as the middle ages Swabians had invaded Saxony and settled in the area between Bode, Saale, and Unstrut and in the Harz Mountains.
Thus we come to the end (or the beginning) of the Haas bloodline, way back to the year 1300. A total of 19 generations before Christian Haas came to the U.S.. Therefore, with Christian Haas being my great great grandfather, I add 4 more generations to the line. That's a total of 23 generations worth of records into the past from my generation. A little work and a lot of luck really paid off.
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