As a supplement to this record, Y-DNA tests have been completed for several of our relatives at the Family Tree DNA (FTDNA) Testing Laboratory. All of those test participants were direct male descendants of our HAM(M)ON(D)(S) ancestors. We owe them our thanks for providing their DNA for analysis. Test results confirm that their DNA belongs to Haplogroup I1 (M253) which is from 15,000 to 20,000 years old and that our family is of Anglo-Saxon descent.
The most recent common ancestor (MRCA) of Haplogroup I1 (M253) lived between 4,000 to 6,000 years ago somewhere in the far northern part of Europe.
We may never know the precise migration pattern that our ancestors traveled; however, I suggest that they may have arrived in America along the following path:
a. Between 750 BC to 1 AD, our early ancestors migrated from their homes in a Scandinavian country (probably Denmark) and settled in northern Germany.
b. At some point in time during the 5th century (probably as early as 410 AD), our ancestors left the Cuxhaven area of Germany and migrated to England.
c. It is generally recognized that John HAMMOND Sr. (b. 5 Dec 1643, Isle of Wight, England; d. 24 Nov 1707, Annapolis, St. Ann's Parish, Anne Arundel County, Maryland Colony) was our immigrant ancestor. As a child, John was raised a Quaker. According to "The Hammond Families of Anne Arundel, Baltimore and Frederick Counties, Maryland," c.1880, he was born on the Isle of Wight, England and was a son of Thomas Hammond who also migrated to America about the same time. John was in his 20's when he arrived in America, still a Quaker at that time. In 1682, he was convicted for refusing to defend the Province because of his faith. It is surprising then that he totally revoked his faith, took up arms in the militia to defend his neighborhood against Indians and was convicted of bearing arms by the Quaker community in 1683. He became a well known member of the Church of England and went on to become Major General of the Militia after the age of 40. He gave money near his death which procured a large bible for his church, St. Anne's Parish Church in Annapolis, Maryland which still exists today.
d. Descendants of Major General John and Mary HOWARD HAMMOND Sr. can now be found living in many States throughout America.