Notes for Hair Conrad: From History of the Cherokee Indians, Emmet Starr Hair Conrad was a half breed Cherokee, one quarter Scotch and one quarter Hollander. He was Captain of a company of the Cherokee allies to the United States in 1814, was a member of the constitutional convention of 1827, was captain of the first detachement of emigrants to leave the Old Nation fo the west in 1838, was elected a member of council from Tahlequah District August 7, 1843. He died November 2, 1844. He married Melvina McGhee and they were the parents of James, who as well as all of the descendents of Hair Conrad was called Hair instead of Conrad.
Conducted a detachment of wagon trains over the "trail of tears" leaving the East August 28, 1838 and arriving in Indian Territory January 17, 1839.
Was a member of the Constitutional Convention from Ahmohee District in 1827. He was one of the mediators between the United States Government and the Seminole Indians in 1837. He was Captain of a detachment of Emigrant Cherokees in 1838 and 1839. He was a signer of the Constitution of September 6, 1839. Elected member of Council from Tahlequah District, August 7, 1843.
From Red Clay and Rattlesnake Springs by an unknown author Chapter 9 HAIR CONRAD, also known as the Hair, lived in the Candy's Creek vicinity on a tract of 640 acres registered in the name of Samuel Candy in 1818 and occupied by the Candy family from which Little Kiuka Creek acquired the name "Candy's Creek." It may be that he actually lived on the stream now called Harris Creek which empties into Candy's Creek, and gave the creek his name, for it is "Hair's Creek" on the old maps of Bradley County. Conrad was a man of considerable prominence in the Cherokee nation. Tradition has it that an old Indian log cabin still. in a good state of preservation on the farm of Mr. and Mrs. David Neil, known as Blythewood, was the home of Hair Conrad. The Neil farm home and the log cabin are located within a short distance of the confluence of Hair's Creek and Candy's Creek .
Prior to the removal of the Cherokees to the west Conrad held many positions of trust. He was a delegate from the Amohee District in the convention that wrote the Cherokee Constitution, patterned after the Constitution of the United States, at New Echota in 1827. He signed his name by mark to this important document, indicating that at the time he could not write his name . At a council held at Red Clay, Tennessee, in October 1833 he was named a member of a committee appointed to go to Washington for the purpose of protesting to the Congress with regard to treatment of the Cherokees by the Georgia authorities and in opposition to the proposed removal of the Nation to the west. Governor Lumpkin, Georgia's chief executive, wrote the Secretary of War that the delegation was "wholly undeserving the courtesy and marked attention of the official authorities at Washington." .
Conrad was a member of the National Committee of the Cherokee Nation in 1836 when he signed in his official capacity a strong protest to General Wool, commander of the United States Army in the Cherokee Nation, complaining that the so-called treaty of 1835 was fraudulently negotiated by a small minority of the Cherokees without any official authority, and praying for a restoration of the weapons which had been surrendered by the Indians on demand of the military commander . He continued his service on the National Committee until the removal west .
When the Cherokees were removed to the west in 1838 Chief John Ross selected Conrad as leader or conductor of the first detachment leaving Rattlesnake Springs. His detachment moved out August 28, 1838, and reached its destination on January 17, 1839, 143 days later. Wooten records the following personnel figures on Detachment No. 1: Left Rattlesnake Springs, Capt. Page's account 710; Capt. Stephenson's account 654; Chief Ross's account 729. Births en route 9, deaths 54, desertions 24. The detachment included 36 wagons and teams and 288 riding horses . Foreman reports that Hair's detachment arrived at its destination in command of Lieutenant Deas . Available records are silent as to why the detachment changed its leaders. The official expense account for the removal of Detachment No. 1. submitted by Chief Ross records that Hair Conrad was paid for a total of 34 days service from August 28 to September 30 at $5.00 per day, a total of one hundred and seventy dollars .
Mr. Earl Boyd Pierce, of Muskogee, Oklahoma, Attorney for the Cherokee Nation, is authority for the fact that three very prominent families, each with many descendants, came from this very interesting Cherokee of early Bradley County history. Three of his children were Terrapin-head Conrad, Rattling Gourd Conrad, and Young Wolf Conrad. The descendants of these three at a very early date abandoned the patronymic "Conrad" and thereafter were known only as Terrapin, Gourd or Rattling Gourd, and Wolf. Many eminent men of the Cherokee Nation have borne the names of one or the other of these three men.
"Hair Conrad was a half breed Cherokee, one quarter Scotch and one quarter Hollander. He was Captain of a company of the Cherokee allies to the United States in 1814.
"Hair Conrad was a member of the Constitutional Committee from Ahmohee District in 1827. He was one of the mediators between the United States Government and the Seminole Indian in 1837. He was Captain of a detachment of Emigrant Cherokee in 1838 and 1839. He was a signer of the Constitution of September 6, 1839. Elected member of Council from Tahlequah District, August 1, 1843. (Old Cherokee Families, by Emmet Starr)
Children of Hair Conrad and Ollie Candy are:
+James Hair, Sr, b. Abt. 1808, Cheerokee Nation East, d. December 01, 1863, Illinois District, Indian Territory21.