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Descendants of JOSEPH MANNING

Generation No. 4

4. GEORGE4 MANNING (JOHN3, JOHN2, JOSEPH1) was born Bef. July 15, 1755 in Charles County, (Port Tobacco) Maryland, and died August 02, 1840 in Cobb County, Marietta, Ga.. He married ALEATHA REEVES 1801.

Notes for G
We know that George Mannning was born before July 1755 from his father John Manning Jr.'s Will, which was written in 1755, and mentions that George had lived on his fathers plantation. This wording "d
id Live" indicates George no longer lived there with the rest of his family, at the time of the writting of the will. We do not know at this time if George was born in Charles County, Maryland, or in
Bertie County, North Carolina. It does appear that at the time of the writing of John Manning Jr.'s will, George was not present, since John Jr's. will is witnessed by various family members who appa
rently had been gathered together for that purpose. George also is not listed as having inherited any of his fathers estate. It may have been that John Jr. had already given George his share of the es
tate when he left to seek his own fortune outside of Bertie County, N. C.. George may have also left on his own, migrating southward further into the frontier and had simply been out of touch with his
family for a long time. Once having left Bertie County, communication back and forth between family members would have been difficult at best and perhaps even non-existent. John Jr. and the rest of t
he family may not have even known if George Manning was still alive at the time of John Jr.'s will. It also could have been, they knew John was alive and well situated in his new habitat, with no inte
ntion of returning to Bertie County, N. C.

We can discern a little of the flavor of the attitude of those who left Bertie County from accounts recorded in the book BERTIE COUNTY A Brief History By Alan D. Watson. Watson states, "Representative
of those who departed Bertie (County) was George W. Cooper, who...became a resident of Yazoo County, Mississippi. Reminiscing, Cooper said that he did not seek the pleasures that his "old state used
to afford," but he sometimes wished to return to the Cashie meetinghouse, hear the preacher, meet old acquaintances, and see "the girles all dressed in their best," perhaps even putting his "potato gr
abbers on some of them at the risk of the fire of pistol or the point of Bowey Knife." This was written to a young Bertie County resident encouraging him to depart from North Carolina.

Watson further indicates that a "exodus" of residents out of Bertie County to other areas was occuring. "In some instances those who remained behind...regretted their circumstances. Ann Maria Rhodes,
Sister of Jonathan T. Jacocks, who had moved to Tennessee, wrote a plaintive letter to her brother in 1826. She noted that some Windsor, (Bertie County) men were also considering moving...but that th
eir wives objucted to the proposed change. For her part, Ann Rhodes would have gone "with pleasure" and would have been "proud to leave this poor miserable dirty hole for...she despised the very name.
.. .

The 1800 federal census reveals that not only were white settlers leaving in large numbers, apparently new settlers were no longer attracted to the area as they had been when George Mannings' father,
John Manning Jr., migrated from Charles County, Maryland to Bertie County in the early 1700's. The 1800 census tells us that by 1800 the black inhabitants of Bertie County comprised the majority of th
e population.

The Historian Jeffrey J. Crow states that After the Revolution the social conflict and disorder that had characterized the war "generated poewerful internal tensions that racilly destabilized southern
society, particularly North Carolina."

Watson further writes that poverty, the stifling effect of one-party politics, and cultural stagnation... began to gain North Carolina the nickname of the "Rip Van Winkle" stat and prompted the out -m
igration of large numbers of enterprising whites who sought more promising futures in the Old Northwest or along the Gulf Coast. Between 1790 and 1830 a "26-percent dip" in the white population of Ber
tie County had occurred.

With these accounts of what was happening in Bertie County and of the attitudes of the times, George Manning probably had no intention of ever returning there to live and was probably one of the many
people caught up in the exodus away from Bertie County.

About 1801, George Manning married the daughter of Burgess Reeves and Francis Mauldin, Aleatha Reeves. George Manning and Aleatha Reeves had 14 children. He named his first son Joseph Elgin Manning, (
probably after his great Grandfather Joseph Manning). He was born March 23, 1802 in Anderson, South Carolina. This information indicates that upon leaving Bertie County, North Carolina, George Manning
migrated into the Anderson County, Anderson, South Carolina area. The dates of birth for the rest of his children indicates that George remained in The Anderson, S.C. area untill at least November of
1826 and if his last child Elizabeth, was aslo born in Anderson, until 1829. George's next two children, John Manning born March 25, 1803 and Theodosia Manning, born July 14, 1804 were also born in A
nderson, S.C. This tells us that George manning and his wife Aleatha lived in Anderson, S.C. from at least 1802 until 1804.

George Manning died in Cobb County, Marietta, Georgia on August 2nd. 1840. He would probably have been older than 94 years old at the time of his death. George had apparently moved to Cobb County, Mar
rietta, Georgia sometime prior to his death. He may have been living with one of his Children who had moved there.

A Colony south of the Carolinas had also been planned for years and unsucessfully attempted. Many glowing accounts of these southern lands known as Georgia, had found its way to the migrating coloni
st, as well as, the immigrants from the old world. John Manning Jr. and his family may also have become caught up in the frequently misleading propaganda campaigns to lure settlers into this new terri
tory. Twenty-one British Trustees were named in the Georgia Charter of 1732. They reasoned that a strong colony of English families on the river Savannah (which marked the southern boundary of Carolin
a) would protect the borderlands from Indian, Spanish and French invasions and settlement and improvement of these lands would enrich Great Britian. These Trustees plans were too specific, too far in
advance and too far away from the realities of the Georgia.wilderness. A remarkable record of the thinking of the founders can be found in the diary of Lord Percival, the first Earl of Egmont. "It i
s proposed the families there settled shall plant hemp and flax to be sent unmanufactured to England, whereby in time much ready money will be saved in this Kingdom, which now goes out to other countr
ies for the purchase of these goods, and they will also be able to supply us with a great deal of good timber. Tis possible too they may raise white mulberry trees and send us good raw silk. But at th
e worst they will be able to live there, and defend that country from the insults of their neighbours, and London will be eased of maintaining a number of families which being let out of gaol have at
present no visible way to subsist."

Rrigidly established rules for the ownership, use, sale, and inheritance of Georgia's land defeated the basic driving need of the colonist, land ownership and inheritence. These rules prevented the fr
ee accumulation, exploitation and exchange of the land, without which the colonist settler lost the will the work to improve the land. Once there settlement in Georgia often resembled a penal sentence
rather than the realization of an individuals dream. With such rigidit imposed upon them it is little wonder that the colonist in Georgia rapidly migrated to South Carolina to escape the dissolusion
of life in Georgia. From the migration patterns of John Manning Jr. and his family these may well have been the forces which shaped their lives and experiences.

Persistently and repeatedly the illusion that Georgia would become a vast silk producing area manifested itself. The idea was simply to capture the silk market for Great Brittain. This was possible b
ecause in Georgia mulberry trees grew wild and the silk worms which spun the coveted silk fiber thrived on the leaves of the mulberry tree. The Trustee Founders of Georgia were too far away from the r
ealities of the Georgia wilderness. They did not know that it was the black mulberry tree not the required white mulberry tree, that grew wild in the Georgia wilderness. Even after the imported silk w
orms repeatedly died, the dream of Georgia being a major producer of silk persisted. These were the threads of legend, hope, and half-truths upon which the trustees and therefore the colonial settlers
wove their illusionary fantacies and dreams of the future.

More About G
Burial: August 1840, Cobb Co., Marietta, Ga.
Occupation: Sub Sheriff, Charles Co. Maryland/Farmer

More About A
Occupation: Housewife/Homaker
Children of G
  i.   REV. JOSEPH ELGIN5 MANNING, b. March 23, 1802, Anderson County, S. C.; d. November 02, 1864, Anderson, S. C.; m. TERRISSA CLINKSCALES, March 03, 1825; b. 1809; d. 1892.
Joseph Elgin Manning was born on March 23, 1802 in Anderson County, South Carolina (probably in the Lowndesville area). Joseph Elgin Manning is the son of George Manning and Aleatha Reeves. Joseph Elg
in Manning apparently lived most of his life in the Anderson County, South Carolina area.

At the age of 23 Joseph Elgin Manning married Terissa Clinkscales, the daughter of Levi Clinkscales and Polly Rice. Joseph Elgin Manning and Terissa Clinkscales had 12 children. The Birth places of th
eir children indicate that they lived in the Lowndesville and Abbeville, areas of Anderson County, S.C. At the age of 23 years old, Joseph Elgin Manning named his first born son Francis Asbury Manning
, obviously after the Methodist, Francis Asbury. Francis Asbury Manning died when he was 23 years old. He was buried in the old Ridge Church cemetery. Francis Asbury Mannings name, birth and death da
tes are chiseled into a flat field stone and is the oldest grave marker in the Ridge Church Cemetery located in Lowndesville, S.C. We can only wonder, at the heartache he must have felt, having lost h
is son at such an early age, and if he chisled his son's name into the field stone himself and placed it upon his grave.

From his first son's name we get an indication that Joseph Elgin Manning's religious beliefs even as a 23 year old young man were of the Methodist faith. In 1843, when he was 41 years old, Joseph Elgi
n Manning was ordained as a minister in the Methodist Episcopal Church by Bishop James Osgood Andrews. The Ordination Papers read:

That I, James Osgood Andrews, one of the Bishops of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in the United States of America, under the protection of Almighty God, and with a single eye to his glory, by the im
position of my hands and prayer, have this day set apart Joseph E. Manning for office of a Deacon, in the said Methodist Episcopal Church; a man who, in the judgement of South Carolina Conference, is
well qualified for work: and is hereby recommended to all whom it may concern, as a proper person to administer the ordinance of baptism, marriage, and the burial of the dead, in the absence of an Eld
er, and to feed the flock of Christ, so long as his spirit anf practice are such as become the Gospel of Christ and established doctrines of the Gospel.

In testamony Whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and seal, this twelfth day of February in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and forty-three.

James O. Andrews (seal)
Cokesbury, S.C.

Joseph Elgin Manning was 62 years old when he died on November 2nd, 1864 in Cobb County, Marietta, Georgia. The cause of his death is unknown.

Burial: November 1864, Ebeneezer Methodist Church Cemetery
Occupation: Methodist Mininster
Ordination: February 12, 1843, Cokesbury, S. C.

Occupation: Housewife/Homemaker

  ii.   REV. JOHN MANNING, b. March 25, 1803, Anderson, S. C..
Occupation: Minister/Preacher

  iii.   THEODOSIA MANNING, b. July 14, 1804, Anderson County , Anderson, S. C..
  iv.   REV. WALTER J. MANNING, b. August 01, 1806, Anderson County, Anderson, S. C.; d. June 09, 1889, Cobb County, Antioch, Georgia.
Burial: June 1889, Cobb Co., Ga. ?
Occupation: Minister/Preacher

  v.   MAULDIN REEVES MANNING, b. October 30, 1808, Anderson County, Anderson, S. C.; d. June 17, 1890, Anderson County, S. C..
Burial: June 1890, Providence Methodist Church, Anderson, SC

  vi.   LOUISA MANNING, b. July 15, 1810, Anderson County, Anderson, S. C.; d. March 07, 1894, Anderson County, Anderson, S. C..
Burial: March 1894, Providence Methodist Church, Anderson, SC

  vii.   NANCY MANNING, b. February 10, 1812, Anderson County, Anderson, S. C.; d. December 31, 1814.
Burial: December 1814

  viii.   JOHN HEZEKIAH MANNING, b. April 21, 1814, Anderson County, Anderson, S. C.; d. June 25, 1891, Tippah County, Mississippi.
Burial: June 1891, Tippah County, Mississippi

  ix.   WILLIAM PENN MANNING, b. April 20, 1816.
  x.   REBECCA CAROLINE MANNING, b. April 15, 1818; d. September 10, 1852, Anderson County, Anderson, S. C..
Burial: September 1852, Ebenezeer Methodist Church, Anderson, SC

  xi.   FRANCIS HARRIET MANNING, b. March 30, 1820, Anderson, S. C.; d. Mississippi.
Burial: Mississippi

  xii.   REV. GEORGE SIDNEY MANNING, b. December 07, 1821, Anderson County, Anderson, S. C.; d. November 18, 1882, Hunt County, Raise Creek, Texas.
Burial: November 1882, Raise Creek, South Sulpher Cemetery, Hunt County, Texas
Occupation: Minister/Preacher

  xiii.   ANDREW MIDDLETON MANNING, b. July 31, 1826, Anderson County, Anderson, S. C.; d. February 28, 1870, Tippah County, Mississippi.
Burial: February 1870, Tippah County, Mississippi

  xiv.   ELIZABETH REEVES MANNING, b. June 10, 1829; d. April 02, 1895, Tippah County, Mississippi.
Burial: April 1895, Tippah County, Mississippi

Page 16 of 41

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