|264||i.||Thomas Ellis, born May 27, 1683 in Merionethshire, North Wales; died June 11, 1760 in Exeter, Berks Co. Pennsylvania; married Jane Hughes August 31, 1712 in Gwynedd, Montgomery Co. Pennsylvania.|
|265||i.||Jane Hughes, born 1683 in Yspytty, Evan, Denbigshire, Wales; died September 20, 1772 in Oley, Berks Co. Pennsylvania; married Thomas Ellis August 31, 1712 in Gwynedd, Montgomery Co. Pennsylvania.|
|ii.||Rowland Hughes, born Abt. 1685 in Yspytty, Evan, Denbigshire, Wales; died May 31, 1752 in Gwynedd, Montgomery Co. Pennsylvania; married (1) Catherine Humphrey October 08, 1708 in Gwynedd, Montgomery Co. Pennsylvania; married (2) Ellin Evan July 31, 1712 in Gwynedd, Montgomery Co. Pennsylvania.|
|iii.||Ellis Hughes, born 1687 in Merionethshire, North Wales; died January 11, 1764 in Exeter, Berks Co. Pennsylvania; married Jane Foulke June 15, 1713 in Gwynedd, Montgomery Co. Pennsylvania; born November 10, 1684 in Merionethshire, North Wales; died August 07, 1766 in Oley, Berks Co. Pennsylvania.|
More About Jane Foulke:|
Burial: August 08, 1766, Oley, Berks Co. Pennsylvania
|iv.||Mary Hughes, born Abt. 1689 in Yspytty, Evan, Denbigshire, Wales; married Humphrey Ellis.|
|v.||Gianor Hughes, born Abt. 1681 in Yspytty, Evan, Denbigshire, Wales; married John Harris.|
|i.||John Wooldridge, Jr., born 1705 in Henrico Co. Virginia; died 1783 in Chesterfield Co. Virginia; married (1) Elizabeth Branch 1730 in Henrico Co. Virginia; married (2) Margaret Aft. 1765.|
Notes for John Wooldridge, Jr.:|
John Wooldridge (1705-1783), the eldest son of John Wooldridge, Sr., identified as "heir at Law" on his father's death, married about 1731 a daughter of James and Mary Ward Branch, probably Elizabeth Branch since a granddaugther was named Elizabeth Branch Wooldridge at a time before middle names were common. His first wife died by 1750, and John married another Branch connection, perhaps the Margaret named in his will, though Margaret may be a third wife by whom he had no children. The reason for identifying the second wife as a Branch or Branch connection is her naming a daughter Verlinche: that was a uniquely Branch name, probably a Virginia variation of "Valentia" going back to the Valentia Sparke who married Lionel Branch by 1602.
John lived a long but apparently uneventful life on his farm, and left few records except in connection with his land, seven farm-size tracts totaling 1983 acres. These impressive holdings set John above many of his neighbors economically. His taxable slaves numbered 1 in 1736, 2 in 1756, (Moll and Lucy), 6 in 1777, (Robin, Mingo, Nan, Moll, Luce, Jerey), and 6 in 1783. The apparent continuity of Moll's and Lucy's service, and John's efforts to keep another slave, Cesar, in his family, suggest a stable household. John's will refers to a total of 20 slaves owned at one time or another, a moderately large number for the eighteenth century, when slaves were less numerous.
In brief, John Wooldridge, Jr. acquired his 400 acre "plantation" through his father about the time he came of age around 1725 and lived in the immediate vicinity all his life, although he was licensed to keep ordinary (operate a tavern) in Goochland in 1748, "at his dwelling house in this county," with Henry Wood security. In 1750 he assisted in a survey of the road from Tomahawk Bridge to the County Line. Between 1750 and 1780 as his children married and set up on their own, he partitioned off or acquired and allocated a moderate farm to each of his sons except Robert. Some of them, (John, Edmund, Thomas) were still living on their portions in 1780 when John wrote his will, but others (Richard, William), preferring money, seem to have had their parcels sold for them by their father, who apparently sometimes had title even after relinquishing the land. This was his sons' patrimony: John's will merely confirmed his earlier gifts. The new tracts were scattered through what became the southside Piedmont counties of Powhatan, Cumberland, Buckingham, Prince Edward and Campbell.
Along with land, most sons seem, from John's will, to have received a slave. Daughters also received a slave, perhaps at the time of their marriage, as John's will speaks of them as already in the daughter's possession. One such gift may had led to a row. Mary Wooldridge married John Martin and received "a Negro man named Ceser" whom John Martin gave to his brother in 1755. Perhaps displeased, John Wooldridge bought Cesar back, and still owned him in 1780, when he again gave the man to Mary Martin's daughter Elizabeth Viers. On January 27, 1775, John deeded over three Negro children, Peter, Rose and Cesar (perhaps a son or nephew of the elder Cesar) to his son-in-law Daniel Elam.
Although 70 years old at the coming of the Revolution, John still took enough interest in affairs to sign a petition dated August 20, 1775, to the Third Virginia Convention. It prayed that Chesterfield's Committee of Association be dissolved and reelected, because it had been established without the petitioners' knowing what it was to do. However, "we now conceiving that the Committee are to do business of much Greater Importance, thant we could possibly then conceive," it seemed best to start over that "we may have no divisions amongst us, but all unite and be as one man in this Critical Time in the great and Common Cause." Events had moved so fast that what at first seemed to be one more protest committee by late summer 1775 was taking on the status of a governmental body, and Wooldridge and his neighbors wanted a say in its composition. The Revolution did not come full scale to Virginia for several more years, but when it did, Wooldridge furnished 300 pounds of beef for American troops, to John Robertson, "Commander."
In the last weeks of his life, John deeded one Negro, Bowser, to his son-in-law, William Walthall, and two Negroes, Sue (or Luce) and Juror, to his daughter Hannah Wooldridge. He died between May 20 (date of deed to Hannah) and July 4, 1783 (when his will was probated), rich in years, children (13 lived to maturity) and acres. His son Edward (i.e. Edmund) Wooldridge and son-in-law, Richard Elam, were his executors, and his estate included 6 Negroes, 8 horses, 14 cattle, 14 hogs, 10 sheep, 1 large Bible, a hymnbook, 3 small books, and assorted other household items.
John Wooldridge, Jr., died at the close of the colonial era, and it was the end of an era for his branch of the family in Virginia as well. His descendants who remained in the state became either small farmers, or, after another two generations, farm laborers. Those who emigrated seemed to do better than those who stayed in Virginia, where opportunity was narrowing. His children and grandchildren who remained in Virginia would have had good reason to feel, with many of their comtemporaries, that times were hard and the old days, the eighteenth century, had been better.
|ii.||Thomas Wooldridge, born 1707 in Henrico Co. Virginia; died May 1762 in Cumberland Co. Virginia; married Miss Hatcher-Watkins Abt. 1734 in Cumberland Co. Virginia.|
Notes for Thomas Wooldridge:|
Thomas Wooldridge (1707-May 1762) first appears as a witness in a law suit in Goochland in 1730. With his brother Edward, he patented 400 acres in southside Goochland in 1732; later there is reference to the road from Manakintown Ferry to Thomas Wooldridge's place. His tithables were ordered to do road work in Goochland in 1737. His birthdate is estimated on the basis that he and Edward were of age in 1732. Thomas patented 300 additional acres there in 1745, where he subsequently lived. He was still taxed in Henrico in 1736, but did not pay; he may already have moved to the Goochland tract which fell in Cumberland when that county was created in 1749, and, after Thomas' death, in Powhatan. Thomas bought Edward's half of their old patent in 1757. The same year, Thomas Wooldridge of Cumberland bought 240 acres in Chesterfield from Richard and Jean Sumpter of that county for 18 pounds, on the Buckingham Road adjoining Ellisons, Henry Coxe's line, the Manakin Road, Trabue's corner and Falling Creek. Thomas Wooldridge is listed as a Constable in Cumberland in 1753.
From the estimated date of birth of his eldest son John, Thomas would have married by about 1735. The executors of his will, John and Thomas Watkins, might suggest a Watkins connection, but none has come to light. Thomas' land adjoined Henry Hatcher, Jr., and several Hatcher given names not usual on the Wooldridge side---Henry, Daniel, Joseph (=Josiah?), Seth-- are found in Thomas' family (Seth is a grandchild). In investigating Hatchers for a possible father-in-law for Thomas Wooldridge, Henry Hatcher, Sr. (1665-1743) or his son Josiah Hatcher (1700?-1762), whose youngest son Seth Hatcher was associated with Thomas Wooldridge's descendants in Powhatan for years, seemed most likely. Josiah's brother-in-law was guardian for a minor child of Thomas Wooldridge in 1765; on the other hand, Henry Hatcher, Sr., "assigned" land to Thomas Wooldridge not long after Thomas' estimated marriage date.
Thomas left his 300 acre home place to his son Thomas, his Chesterfield land to his son Daniel, the Cumberland patent in two 200 acre parcels to his sons John and Henry, and 70 pounds to Joseph to buy a piece of land. Thus all were provided real estate. A later advertisment in the Virginia Gazette for the home place gives an attractive description of an 18th century Virginia farm only recently carved out in the rapidly developing Piedmont: "To be sold to the highest bidder on Thursday the 27th of November at Meguider's (Magruder's) ordinary in Powhatan County. 300 acres of exceeding good tobacco land whereon is a dwelling house and several other convenient houses, all new, the plantation fresh, and in good order for cropping. It lies about twenty-two miles from Manchester on the main road, formerly the property of Thomas Wooldridge. Also my wife's dower in 186 acres of land lying near Jenitoe bridge on the Appomattox river..... John Cox
John Wooldridge was apparently already of age when his father Thomas died; and Thomas' will instructed that his sons Thomas, Henry, Daniel and Joseph be put to school until of proper age, i.e., about 16, to learn a trade. This is the only reference to school as such among the surviving records of the first three generations; and education was curiously random: John the blacksmith was literate, as were his sons John and Thomas, while the younger sons signed with a mark. By mid-eighteenth century, schooling seems more readily available, and a higher percentage of the Revolutionary generation was literate.
|iii.||William Wooldridge, born 1709 in Henrico Co. Virginia; died 1798 in Elbert Co. Georgia; married Sarah Flournoy Abt. 1750 in Chesterfield Co. Virginia; born 1718 in Henrico Co. Virginia; died 1806 in Elbert Co. Georgia.|
Notes for William Wooldridge:|
William Wooldridge (1709-1798) was born in Henrico County, Virginia. He was apparently the second or third son of John and Martha Wooldridge of that county, and as his father's executor and legatee of his blacksmith's tools, may have been the leader of the family after his father's death. He appears in the Henrico records from time to time in various ways but does not hold public office in the county. For example, at the April Court in 1743, together with John Wooldridge, Samuel Jordan and Jacob Trabue, he was ordered to appraise the estate of Moses Ferguson, deceased. The same year, "On motion of William Wooldridge, leave is given to keep an ordinary at Samuel Jordan's home below the mount and Jordan enters himself as security."
William may have started farming on his own on a 100 acres of John Roberts', on which William paid the tax in 1736 (his son Richard married Jane Roberts). Then after his stint of keeping ordinary (operate a tavern) at Jordan's he patented 400 acres in Albemarle in 1748, receiving two years later 2000 acres in the same county, in the part which became Buckingham. His father's will left him 414 more acres in Chesterfield, and it is not known whether he ever lived in the Buckingham section, though a Samuel Jordan did.
William Wooldridge had at least two wives; the name of the first, whom he probably married in the late 1730s, is not known. His second wife, whom he seems to have married about 1750 in Chesterfield County, was Sarah Flournoy, of the noted French Huguenot family of that name. He continued to live on land adjoining his father and brothers in Chesterfield after it was cut from Henrico, and was one of the fairly propsperous planters in that area, owning several hundred acres and some slaves. He appears on the 1756 Chesterfield County tithable list, charged with tax for himself, son William and slaves Frank and James. His oldest son Richard was at that time living with John Wooldridge, Sr., William's father.
After the year 1770, William and Sarah Wooldridge's family, then William and Sarah, decided to move South. While the reason for this move is not clear as none of the rest of the Wooldridges left Virginia at this time. In fact, William was the only one in the second generation to leave the immediate Chesterfield vicinity; some of the Flournoys did, and perhaps Sarah wanted to go with her brothers to the new territory. Beginning in 1771, they began to show up in the records of Surry County, in western North Carolina, though in 1777, William, Thomas and Edward are tithables in one household in Chesterfield and as late as 1778 he is called "of Chesterfield" when selling off his remaining land there. William, or his son William, shows in the Surry County deeds as buying and selling land; in 1777 he is on the venire from which the Grand Jury for Salisbury District is chosen, and in 1778 Captain of militia in his district. He remained in that capacity until the early 1780s, when he decided to move further south. His service in the Surry County militia is considered service in the Revolutionary War. There was plenty for the militia to do because of the Tory element in western North Carolina. John Hudspeth, brother of William's daughter-in-law, Lucy Hudspeth, was killed while serving as a tax collector in Surry.
By the early 1780s, William Wooldridge and part of his family moved on south to Elbert County, Georgia, where he again purchased land and became one of the prominent planters of the county. His land lay on Beaver Dam Creek, and his sons, Gibson and Thomas, owned land that adjoined him for part of the time. He lived in Elbert County for the remainder of his life, signing his will there on December 6, 1797, as a man in his eighties; it names his five sons, two daughters, and wife Sarah, and divides his estate among them, including 24 slaves, two of whom, Phoebe (who was to be manumitted on Sarah's death) and Kate (or their namesakes) had been in the family for 35 years. Sarah Wooldridge signed her will on February 24, 1804, and it was recorded on May 27, 1806. Sarah's will names her three sons and one daughter, as well as the children of a deceased daughter.
Notes for Sarah Flournoy:|
Sarah Wooldridge signed her will on February 24, 1804, and it was recorded on May 27, 1806. Sarah's will names her three sons and one daughter, as well as the children of a deceased daughter.
More About Sarah Flournoy:|
Nickname: Called "Sally"
|320||iv.||Edward Wooldridge, born 1711 in Henrico Co. Virginia; died October 10, 1808 in Chesterfield Co. Virginia; married Mary Flournoy 1740 in Chesterfield Co. Virginia.|
|v.||Mary Wooldridge, born Bet. 1712 - 1715 in Henrico Co. Virginia; died 1789 in Chesterfield Co. Virginia; married Jacob Trabue 1732 in Virginia.|
|vi.||Robert Wooldridge, born 1718 in Henrico Co. Virginia; died 1794 in Chesterfield Co. Virginia; married Magdalene Sallee Abt. 1741 in Virginia.|
Notes for Robert Wooldridge:|
Robert Wooldridge (1718-1794) His birthdate is estimated from his appearance as godfather for his nephew William Trabue (son of Jacob and Mary Wooldridge Trabue) in 1739. He married Magdalene Salle, daughter of Abraham Salle, Jr., before 1744, when Magdalene Wooldridge served as godmother to their niece Marie Trabue. Perhaps the marriage occurred about 1741, as their first son Thomas was old enough to be bequeathed John Sr.'s "wearing clothes" in 1757, but apparently not yet 16 in 1756. Though Robert was a younger son, his descendants were among the most prominent of the family to remain in Virginia, so perhaps the connection with the Salles proved fortunate, socially or hereditarily or both.
Robert Wooldridge bought no land until he was 36; perhaps until then, as the youngest son, he stayed on to manage his father's home place, which he inherited. His name appears in the Chesterfield records of the 1760s and on a 1777 tithes list of Manchester parish with five slaves. He or perhaps his son furnished service or supplies in Chesterfield in the Revolution.
Robert Wooldridge produced coal commercially for sale on the James River at Warwick; he bequeathed "my coal pitts" in his will to his four sons but "In case anyone disagrees concerning the said pitts and premises the coal pits to be set up to the highest bidder allowing 12 months credit" and the proceeds divided among the four.
Long before Robert's death in 1794, his son Thomas had become a Justice of the Chesterfield County Court. The second generation, though prospering, did not hold office but prepared the way for some of the third to achieve more prominence at the county level.
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