Notes for Charles Ogg McDiarmid: The pioneering spirit of the Scottish Highlander and his contribution to world history has few rivals amongst the foundling races of the British Isles. The Highland surname McDiarmid has been prominent in adding a weighty influence to an already monumental image. From the sea swept Hebridean Islands and the mountainous western coast of Scotland, this surname has emerged as a notable family whose history is romanticized by the skirl of the bagpipes, the brandished sword, the tartan kilt and the highland games. Professional analysts, using some of the oldest manuscripts, including Clan genealogies, the Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, the Ragman Rolls, the Inquisitio, the Black Book, parish cartularies, baptismal records, and tax records and many other documents found the name McDiarmid in Perth shire where they were seated from early times and their first records appeared on the early census rolls taken by the early Kings of Britain to determine the rate of taxation of their subjects. The name, McDiarmid, was found to have many variations in spelling, particularly in transferring the name into and from Gaelic. The surname was sometimes spelt MacDairmid, MacDermid, MacDiarmid, MacDarmid, MacDearmid, MacDermaid, MacDermont, MacKirmid, and these changes in spelling occurred, even between father and son. It was not uncommon for a clansman in his own lifetime to be born with one spelling, marry with another, and yet another to appear on his headstone. Sometimes a different spelling was used to claim a religious or clan affiliation, or even a division of the family. The Dalriadans are considered one of the foundling races of Scotland. This race was descended from the early Irish Kings, specifically King Colla da Crioch, who was banished from Ireland in 327 A.D., along with 350 clan chiefs who settled in the Western Isles. Even now, certain Scottish highland clans are still called the "Children of Colla". Descended from this monarch, through Fergus Mor MacEarcha, was the great King Somerled, King of Man and the Isles, the Scion of the MacDonalds, MacDougalls and many others. Kenneth MacAlpine, first King of Scotland, Alba or Caledonia as it was then known, was half Dalriadan, half Pict. The Highland Clans, kept aloof from Scottish politics. Many battles were fought with the Scottish King, generally considered to be a lowlander, or Sassanach, until Bonnie Prince Charlie rallied their support for his claim to the throne which culminated at Culloden in 1745. The last straw to the highlander had been the Highland Clearances (1790), the result of introducing sheep into the highlands. Many joined the Highland Regiments, and the cream of Scottish manhood fought and migrated all over the world, including the North American colonies. Your name McDiarmid emerged as a Scottish Clan or family in their territory of Perth shire where they were recorded as a family of great antiquity seated at Glenlyon where they claim to be the oldest native race in that shire. Before the end of the 13th century they had established a relationship with the Campbells of Breadalbane and the ancient burial grounds of the Clan at Morensih near Killin shows the ancient records of personalities of the Clan. They were not totally bound up with the Campbells and in the middle of the 16th century they became allies with the outlawed Clan MacGregor of the Clan Alpin and many departed from their ancient du thus in Glen lion. Notable amongst the Clan from early times was MacDairmid of Perth. Clan societies are now attempting to reconstruct Highland history. But, typical of the ancient conflict between highlander and Edinburgh, many notable and ancient highland clans have still not officially been recognized by the Lord Lyon of Scotland. Many heads of families migrated from Scotland to Ireland during the 17th and 18th centuries. They became known as the 'Scotch/Irish'. They were granted the lands of the native Catholic Irish. There is no evidence that the family name migrated to Ireland, but this does not preclude the possibility of their scattered migration to that country. Ever since St. Columba had first brought Christianity to the Isle of Iona, crowning place of the Kings of Scotland, Britain, even of Europe, in the 4th century religion had played a major role in the savage religious conflicts of the mainland. Religion frequently inflicted banishment to the New World or worse. Persons who failed the 'Test', the oath of belief and loyalty to the new church were burnt at the stake, hanged or banished. The Highland Regiments provided a source of migrants the world over. Regiments were formed to relieve the misery caused by the introduction of sheep into the Highlands. Abandoned clansmen moved to Ireland, or to the New World. Many moved south to England, an economic necessity. Clansmen sailed aboard the small sailing ships known as the 'White Sails' which plied the stormy Atlantic, ships such as the Hector, the Rambler and the Dove, indenturing themselves for up to ten years to pay their passage. Many of these overcrowded ships arrived with only 60 to 70% of their passenger list, the rest dying at sea. In North America, many settled Virginia, the Carolinas, Pictou, Nova Scotia and the Ottawa Valley. One of the first migrants which could be considered a kinsman of the name McDiarmid, of that same Clan or family, was Henry and Thomas MacDermad settled in Philadelphia in 1855; Michael MacDearmont settled in Virginia in 1737. Many joined the wagon trains to the mid west and west coast. During the American War of Independence those loyal to the cause pledged their allegiance to their new country. Others, loyal to the Crown moved north to Canada and became known as the United Empire Loyalists. There were many prominent kinsmen of the name McDiarmid, John MacDiarmid, American U.N. Official. The most ancient grant of a Coat of Arms found was; Red with three silver boars heads between three silver heraldic crosses. The crest is; A silver lion rampant holding a garland of flowers. Family mottos are believed to have originated as battle cries in medieval times, the ancient family motto for this distinguished name is; "Non Immemor Beneficii" (Not Unmindful of Kindness) Gaelic: "Gu. three boars' heads couped in fess ar. betw. as many crosses cross let fitchee of the last." Translated: "Red; three silver boars' heads severed, placed in the middle point between three silver crosses cross let pointed at the foot." Above the shield and helmet is the Crest which is described as: Gaelic: "A lion ramp. ar. betw. the paws a garland of flowers ppr." Translated: "A silver lion rampant, between the paw a garland of flowers, natural colored." Individual surnames originated for the purpose of more specific identification. The four primary sources fro second names were: occupation, location, father's name and personal characteristics. The surname McDiarmid appears to be patronymical in origin, and is believed to be associated with the English, Irish and Scots, meaning "son of Diarmaid."
Quote from "Clan Campbell Society of North America Web Site" "The MacDiarmids have been called by MacKerral the earliest settlers in Glenlyon in Breadalbane, however no source is offered for this statement. To date the earliest record of the name yet traced is Nemeas Mactarmayt who was rector of St. Conganus de Dnybrinis (Durinish) and afterwards vicar of Kilchoman in Islay in 1427. A John McKeremyt was tenant of Pollouchguhy in 1504. A Finlay Dow McKermaid in Glenlyon was fined for reset of Clan Gregor in 1613. No link has yet been found between the MacDiarmid name and the 17th century re-naming of Clan Campbell as Clan Diarmid. One theory put forward is that the MacDiarmids were of the Dalriadic tribe of Loarn who went to Moray from which they were expelled in 1160. They then moved to Strathtay. The great majority of the family can still trace their roots to Glenlyon, Lock Tay and Killin, the lands of the Earls of Breadalbane in Perth shire. There has never been any doubt as to their being latterly the people of the Campbells of Glenorchy and Breadalbane. There are said to have been three branches of the family, the 'royal', the red and the black. The MacDiarmids of Kenknock may have had the best claim to being the leading family of the name. MacDermot and other spellings with a terminal 't' are most likely Irish and only individual research can tell whether of an Irish or Highland origin. Some Highland families took Irish spellings on moving to Ireland."
Joke: Scottish people are Irish that couldn't swim...
More About Charles Ogg McDiarmid: Burial: October 30, 1957, North Battleford, SK. Christened: Carpenter.
More About Charles Ogg McDiarmid and Margaret Rutherford Gilmour: Marriage: August 13, 1901, Chicago, IL.
Children of Charles Ogg McDiarmid and Margaret Rutherford Gilmour are: