Notes for Alexandre Broussard dit Beausoleil: Served as a leader, with his brother Joseph Broussard dit Beausoleil, of the Acadian resistance after the onset of the Acadian dispersal on 1755. Listed with his family as British prisoners at Halifax, Nova Scotia, August 16, 1763.
Received from New Orleans merchant Antoine de St. Maxent a receipt for 2,360 livres in Canadian paper money sent to Bordeaux on behalf of the Louisiana Acadians for possible redemption by the French crown. (The attempt was evidently unsuccessful.) Was one of eight Acadian leaders who signed a contract with Antoine Bernard Dauterive to raise cattle on shares in the Attakapas district, April 4, 1765. Subsequently settled along Bayou Teche.
The following two paragraphs have been called into question, especially wrt the name of Jean Francois:
When Jean Francois Broussard sailed from France to Nova Scotia, (Acadia) Canada. one of 50 colonists sent by King Henry XIV, Jean Francois fished, trapped, and raised cattle, sheep, and swine. All records indicate that Jean Francois was the first Broussard to set foot on the North American Continent.
In the 1700's, Jean Francois's son Alexandre was held prisoner by the English at Halifax, where he served as Captain of the French Acadian Resistance Militia of Sharpshooters. He escaped and hid in the woods with his family and other Acadians resisting deportation.
In 1811, the U.S. recognized the Spanish Land Grant. A patent from President Andrew Jackson in 1833 cleared the way for new settlements. Alexandre and his family sailed to Santo Domingo of the French West Indies, then to New Orleans, where they settled with the Attakapas Indians at Pointe-Coupee, (New Roads) Louisiana. By horse-drawn wagons and rafts, the family migrated to the Lafayette and St. Martinville area.
Alexandre's son, Anselme, born during the captivity at Halifax, had also helped to fight against the English soldiers when he was older. His only child, Theodore, had eight children, one of whom was named Louis Theodore. Louis moved his family to Lowry, Louisiana, two miles from the Mermentau River at the bend near Biscuit Island, about 1844. There, Louis supported his family by fishing, hunting ducks and geese, and raising cattle, horses, rice, and other highland crops.
Louis was the father of Piere Francois (Frank), and Grandfather to Albany (Bonnie). We are Robert, Bonnie Paul, Yvonne, Beatrice, and John, the children of Albany and Inez. We proudly share our heritage with you, and we hope that your stay at Shady Shores from A-Z will be a beautiful resort to nature, relaxation, and the joie de vivre of the Cajuns.
Hello all - I'm looking for the ship's passenger list and the name of the ship that Beausoleil chartered along with over 100 others after being released from Halifax prison in 1763. It went to Saint-Domingue where they took either it or possibly another to New Orleans soon after, landing in early 1765.
Many thanks, Laura from New Orleans
"...Joseph and Alexandre, both nicknamed Beausoleil...Joseph...became the leader of Acadian armed resistance against the English after the Expulsion of 1755, but after four years of futile fighting he surrendered his small force, the members and their families being detained in Halifax until 1763. Shortly thereafter Joseph managed to engage a ship on which he led a group of Acadian refugees, including his own large family and that of his brother Alexandre...first to St.Dominque in the West Indies and thence to Louisiana, arriving in New Orleans in early 1765."
from ClanGirl on the MyGenealogy.com website for Broussards
more on the story:
Posted by: John Broussard Date: September 16, 1999 at 14:55:25 In Reply to: *BROUSSARDS* of Louisiana-1765 by Janice Broussard Coari of 521
Joseph Broussard, dit Beausoleil, was born in Port Royal and lived in the upper Petitcodiac area for nearly 30 years. He was captain of a militia of sharpshooters who took a heavy toll of Tenglis soldiers sent in the area to capture refugees. Joseph born 1702 married in 1725 to Agnes Thibodeaux.
Posted by: Gerald D Faulk Date: October 23, 1999 at 01:42:27 In Reply to: Re: *BROUSSARDS* of Louisiana-1765 by John Broussard of 521
Alexander Broussard,Joseph`s brother was married to Maugrite Thibodeau was she a sister of Joseph`s wife ?
Posted by: Mildred Lopez Date: November 28, 1999 at 13:13:14 In Reply to: Re: *BROUSSARDS* of Louisiana-1765 by Gerald D Faulk of 521
Yes,Alexandre's wife, Marguerite was sister to Joseph's wife Agnes.
Contract by eight chiefs of the Acadians with Antoine Bernard Dauterive, former captain of the infantry who owns large tracts of land in the Attakapas around Lake Dauterive in Iberia Parish. The eight chiefs: Joseph Broussard, dit Beausoleil, Alexandre Broussard, Joseph Guillebeau, Jean Duga, Olivier Thibaudau, Jean-Baptiste Broussard, Pierre Arsineau, and Victor Broussard. The contract is signed before notary Jean-Baptiste Garic, and Charles Aubry acting governor, Nicolas Foucault, ordonnateur; Nicholas Chauvin de la Freniere; Attorney General, Mazange and Couturier
The first Acadians began arriving in numbers at the post in 1765, 10 years after the expulsion from Acadie. In February 1765, acting Gov. Charles Philippe Aubry allowed Acadians led by Joseph (Beausoleil) Broussard to go to the Attakapas post, although he had first wanted tosettle them on land on the Mississippi River.
The Mississippi River would have to be cleared before the Acadians could live off of it. The Attakapas prairies would not. Besides that, the Attakapas district was perfect for raising beef cattle, something important in Aubry's eyes. The 1763 treaty had given to the British all of the French territory east of the Mississippi River and, said Aubry "since the cession of Mobile, we are entirely without cattle."
On April 4, 1765, eight Acadian leaders agreed on behalf of themselves and about 200 others to raise cattle on lands that would be provided to them by Antoine Bernard Dauterive.
Under the terms of the contract, the Acadians agreed to tend Dauterive's livestock for six years. At the end of that time, they would get half of the herd's increase and would get land from the grant that Dauterive and Edouard Masse had acquired in 1760.
The contract was signed by Dauterive and by Joseph (Beausoleil) Broussard, Alexandre Broussard, Joseph Guilbeau, Jean Duga (sic), Olivier Tibaudau (sic), Jean-Baptiste Broussard, Pierre Arcenaud (sic), and Victor Broussard.
The prospective Attakapas settlers were given enough flour, hardtack, rice, salt pork, and beef to maintain themselves. They were also provided with tools to clear their lands and with seed rice and corn.
Louis Andry, a veteran military engineer, was directed to take the Acadians across the Atchafalaya Basin and into the Attakapas country.
According to his instructions, Andry and Beausoleil Broussard were to lay out a village, establish a common area around it, then parcel out outlying lands to families according to their size and needs. The colonial officials wanted the Acadians to live in the village and go out from it to tend their lands, as was common in Europe at the time.
But the Acadians did not like that scheme. In Acadie, they had lived on the land that they cultivated, and that's what they wanted to do--and did--in their new homeland. They spread onto widely separated pieces of land between La Manque (near today's Breaux Bridge and Fausse Pointe (present day Loreauville). And that was not all that did not go exactly according to plan. Some of the Acadians in the Fausse Pointe settlement decided that they didn't want to raise cattle on shares for Dauterive. Instead, they bought cattle from his neighbor, Jean-Baptiste Grevemberg, which Grevemberg didn't mind. But he got upset when the Acadians tried to claim land at Fausse Pointe. Grevemberg claimed everything between Fausse Pointe and the Vermilion River and wasn't keen on the idea of giving land away to the newly arrived Acadians. The government in New Orleans let the Acadians have their farmsteads. Grevemberg grumbled but had to content himself with only about 20 square miles of land.
Besides needing beef from the Attakapas region, Spanish authorities wanted to populate the area for military reasons. When the Treaty of Paris transferred French territory east of the Mississippi to Great Britain, it took away Choctaw, Creek and Cherokee allies, who were then wooed into alliances by the British. As these tribes became more friendly to Great Britain, the French, then Spanish Louisiana colony became more vulnerable to them.
Spanish Gov. Antonio de Ulloa countered this by building forts on the eastern border of the colony and by building up the districts of St. James, Attakapas, and Opelousas.
In late June 1766, he appointed commandants for these posts, who were given civil and judicial powers but who were mainly local military officers.
The Acadians under Broussard were particularly good colonists for these posts. They got along with the Indians. They hated the British. And many of them had experience under fire, from a brave but futile guerrilla war they'd helped fight for a short time after their neighbors had been shipped from Acadie.
Not everyone making a new life in the region were the simple, hardworking Acadians of the Evangeline legend. The area was settled during turbulent times in Europe. Frenchmen fleeing the Revolution, and other European immigrants, found Louisiana to their liking. Even before that, the colony became attractive to younger sons of aristocratic houses that traditionally passed on lands and titles only to the oldest boy.
The influx of French immigrants and Santo Domingo refugees combined with the established Acadian and Creole farmers to produce the seeds of a thriving plantation society along the banks of the Teche in the early 19th century.
The unlimited opportunities in turn attracted a significant number of English-speaking planters and professional people from New England and the Middle Atlantic states.
Between 1765 and the early 1800's, many more settlers came to the Attakapas area--more Acadians from Nova Scotia, Spanish-speaking Canary Islanders (Islenos), refugees from the French Revolution, as well as Creole families from New Orleans, Mobile, and other early French settlements in Louisiana.
An 1803 census of the Attakapas District counted "2,270 whites, 210 free people of color, 1,266 slaves; in all 3,746 souls."
Groups of all nationalities came at the time of the War of 1812, a time of westward expansion for the United States as a whole. Italians settled in the Atchafalaya area with over 30,000 of them coming to Louisiana to work as laborers in the sugar industry. Anglo-Americans settled in and around the basin in the mid-19th century, beginning after 1803 and peaking during the 1850's. Many entered the cypress lumber industry. Some became fishermen and trappers.
English-speaking Africans and French-speaking men and women of color from Haiti came as slaves, many of whom remained as sharecroppers after the Emancipation.
Attakapas Parish was renamed St. Martin Parish in 1807. Louisiana became a state in 1812 and the town of St. Martinville was incorporated that same year. By the early 19th century, Bayou Teche was lined with successful farms and several small but growing towns. After the Louisiana Purchase, the Acadians who had made their homes in south Louisiana were joined by English speakers from other states and by other European immigrants seeking to settle vacant land. ---------------------------------------
Over 1000 Acadians Arrive from 1765 to 1768 In the final week of February, 1765, almost 200 Acadians arrived in New Orleans. Led by Joseph Broussard dit Beausoleil, they were Acadians who had been kept at Halifax. After sailing to Santo Domingo, they changed ships and sailed for Louisiana. Though directed to provided them with the bare essentials, Foucault took pity on them and spent 15,500 livres on food, tools, guns, and construction material for them. [The Founding of New Acadia, Brasseaux, p. 74]
The acting governor, Charles Philippe Aubry, was familiar with their plight, since he had encountered the Acadians a few years earlier when in New England. He planned to put them on the right bank of the Mississippi River close to New Orleans. But the area he chose was covered with hardwood forests and was susceptible to flooding. Clearing the land and building levees would not allow them to begin farming. So he allowed them to go to the Attakapas region. The following year, a decree was made ordering any new Acadian arrivals to be settled along the Mississippi River. Due to a couple of reasons, Acadian immigration basically ceased in 1768. Over 1000 of them had arrived from 1764 to 1768. It is probably that a few arrived on various ships in succeeding years. A few even made it by land. For example, a small group made their way to Louisiana by way of Texas in 1770. The next significant arrival of Acadians wouldn't come till 1785.
Lafayette (LA) Daily Advertiser, March 30, 1999
Broussard Led Acadians to Attakapas area By Jim Bradshaw
Joseph (Beausoleil) Broussard was one the guerrilla leaders who stayed behind in old Acadie to fight the British who had exiled his neighbor. He built an almost legendary reputation as a sharpshooter and guerrilla leader, fighting the British to a standstill along the Petitcodiac river until 1758.
According to one account, his resistance was so effective that British troops at nearby Fort Cumberland were afraid to leave his walls. Broussard matched his success on land with piratical raids on coastal shipping. In fact, he was the leader of the privateers referred to in the " Memoir on the Acadians" in the Archives Nationales in Paris.
But wits and gumption can carry you only so far. Despite the resistance, the British methodically cleared old Acadie, laying waste as they went, leaving the land bare. They raided guerrilla strongholds and lept the Acadians from planting crops the would feed the fighters. When French strongholds at Louisbourg and Quebec fell to the British, it became evident the there was no hope for the Acadian refugees. There was no place for them to go.
On Nov.16, 1759, faced with the prospect of starvation and a fast approaching Canadian winter, Beausoliel, his brother, Alexendre Broussard, Jean Basque, and Simon Martin delivered a petition to the British at Fort Cumberland, giving up the fight. Jean and Michel Bourg led another group of starving Acadians to the fort a few days later. All of the were sent to Halifax, where they were held until the end of hostilities between the French and British in 1763. They were not deported because there was no place to send them. Instead, Broussard and his followers were put in buildings and maintaining the dikes the Acadians had built to reclaim tidal lands.
When the Treaty of Paris was signed in1763, some 1,700 Acadian prisoners remained in Nova Scotia. There were rumors that they might be sent to France but those were only rumors. Then there was talk that they would be sent to Quebec, but the Acadians who had already gone had found that going rough. So Broussard and his cohorts formed their on plan. They would sail to Saint-Domingue in the Caribbean, then to the mouth of the Mississippi River, then up the river to the Illinois country and settle there.
In late November or early December 1764, Broussard chartered a schooner and set sail with his family and 600 other Acadians for Saint-Domingue. Tropical heat and epidemic quickly took a heavy toll among them. Only 200 survivors made it to Louisiana in February 1765, and these were to sick and weary to go on to Illinois.
At first, authorities in Louisiana wanted to put Broussard and his band on the right bank of the Mississippi River near New Orleans. But the site selected flooded frequently and was covered with a dense hardwood forest. The Acadians would have to build levees and clear the land before the could even think about becoming self-sufficient. That would take to long and cost to much.
Some of Broussards fellow travelers went farther up the Mississippi, to settle with the Acadians Already at St. James. Most of them crossed the Atchafalaya Basin to the Attakapas country. Several French families had already migrated to the area from Fort Toulouse and Mobile, both in Alabama, after the Treaty of Parish of 1763 ceded French lands east of the Mississippi River to Great Britain. But it was still a wilderness area. There wee only a few white men in the region.
The Poste des Attakapas, today know as St. Martinville, was opened some years before as part of a French plan to form a chain of forts to "protect the northern and eastern district bordered, neighbored, and enclosed by Louisiana." In addition to forts in the northern reaches of vast Louisiana territory, the French planned military stations at "Opelousas, Attakapas, and along the frontier of Old Mexico."
Which the Acadians got there, the post consisted of a small chapel, shabby barracks for the handful of soldiers garrisoned there, and a small store where the scattered settlers of the neighborhood traded.
The treeless Attakapas prairies could be settled quickly an their broad grassland already supported huge herds of wild cattle. The Spanish government needed beef to feed the growing population in New Orleans, and also needed a place to put the Acadians who had experienced raising cattle. it seemed to be a natural solution.
At this time, Jean Antoine Bernard Dauterive, a retired military officer, held extensive lands on the east side of Bayou Teche. Broussard and his band settled on lands nearby, making a living by "sharecropping" cattle for Dauterive.
In April 1765,Joseph and Alexandre Broussard were among the Acadian representatives who signed a contract with Dauterive, under which he provided each Acadian faimly with five cows with calves and one bull for each of six years consecutive years. at the end of the six years, the Acadians were suppose to return "the same number of cows with calves of the same age and kind, and they received initially; the remaining cattle and there increased surviving at the time (to) be divided equally between (the) Acadians and (Dauterive)."
At about the same time, Joseph Broussard was commissioned a captain in the Louisiana militia and were named "commandant of the Acadians." The Acadians were led to the Attakapas country by Louis Andry, the royal surveyor and a veteran military engineer, and were granted lands along Bayou Teche and the Vermilion River.
According to his instructions, Andry was to work with Broussard to lay out a village and establish a common area around it then to distribute land beyond this common area to the Acadians in parcels sized according to the size of their families.
The government wanted the Acadians to live in the village and cultivate the outlying lands. But the Acadians decided otherwise and settled themselves on widely separated lands. The oldest of the Acadian communities west of the Atchaflaya was probably at Fausse Pointe, established by June 1765. Later, ascending the Teche to the large westward bend above Parks, they found La Pointe settlers moved away when there was a yellow fever epidemic there early in the summer. Other Refugees settled at Cote Gelee, The areas between today's Pilette and Broussard, Others migrate to La Manque, near what is now Breaux Bridge. They would migrate towards the west from these places.
Beausoleil Broussard settles near the present town of Broussard (which is named for Valsin Broussard, a descendant, not for Beausoleil), but did not see his Acadian Followers firmly settled. He died on Sept. 5, 1765, during an epidemic that swept the countryside. His Brother, Alexandre, died 13 days later.
The first Broussard in North America was Jean-François Broussard who arrived in Port- Royal, Acadie in 1671. Jean-François married Catherine Richard, the daughter of Michel and Magdelaine Blanchard, at Port-Royal. They had three daughters and six sons. Jean-François Broussard and his family helped to found the Acadian settlement at Chipoudy, in present day southeastern New Brunswick, Canada.
Many, if not most, of the large Louisiana Broussard family are descendants of the sons of Jean-François, the great Acadian patriots, Joseph dit "Beausoleil" Broussard and his brother, Alexandre. Joseph led the Acadian guerilla resistance to the English deportation, and Alexandre was one of his trusted lieutenants. The Broussard brothers were known as fierce warriors who, along with their militia, harrassed the British against overwhelming odds for four years. At Petitcodiak, in the region of present day Moncton, New Brunswick, the Broussard-led Acadian militia, along with a regular French unit led by Boishébert, harassed a detachment of English troops sufficiently to give a large number of Acadian women and children the opportunity to escape. The militia was finally forced to surrender due to lack of food and working arms, and the Broussard brothers were held prisoner until 1763 in Halifax.
Before the troubles, Joseph (m. Agnès Thibodeau) and Alexandre, married to Agnès Thibodeau's sister, Marguerite, were living in the Petitcodiak region, a little inland from the earlier Broussard settlement at Chipoudy.
After his release, Joseph, was able to engage a ship to bring his family and the family of his brother, Alexandre along with their troops and their families to Louisiana. Their group of Acadian refugees arrived in New Orleans in early 1765 after a brief sojourn in St-Domingue (Haiti). Joseph and Alexandre and their group of Acadians were sent by the Spanish authorities to the Teche country. Joseph and Alexandre were among a group of Acadian men who signed a contract with a retired French army captain, Antoine-Bernard Dautrive to raise cattle on the prairies. Joseph and Alexandre were thus only the first of a long line of south Louisiana Broussard cattlemen.
The first Acadian settlement in the Teche/Attakapas country was founded by Joseph and was known as Camp Beausoleil. The settlement was at Côte Gelée near the present day town of Broussard in Lafayette Parish. Joseph died within six months of his arrival in Lousiana from yellow fever.
Several of Joseph's and Alexandre's sons soon established themselves in the area know as Bayou Tortue between the Tech and Vermilion Rivers or at La Pointe between Breaux Bridge and St. Martinville. Among these sons of Beausoleil were Raphaël (m. 1754, Rose LeBlanc), Joseph, dit P'tit Joseph (m. 1755 Anastasie LeBlanc, m. 1767 Marguerite Savoie), François (m. 1770 Pélagie Landry), Claude (m. 1772 Louise Hébert, m. 1793 Catherine Trahan), Amand (m. 1771 Hélène Landry, m. 1775 Anne Benoît). Among Alexandre's sons to settle in Louisiana were Jean-Baptiste (m. 1756 Anne Brun, m. 1799 Elisabeth Landry), Simon (m. 1768 Marguerite Blanchard), Pierre (m. 1776 Marie-Blanche Melançon, m. 1798 Marguerite Guidry).
Alexandre's son, Pierre, and Beausoleil's son, Amand, were plantation owners along the Bayou Teche. They grew indigo and sugar cane on their property.
By 1780, Beausoleil's sons, François and Claude, had obtained property on the lower Vermilion River north of present day Abbéville. They were cattlemen, and the former claimed a 1000 acre "vacherie".
Over the years, the family gradually spread out into the areas near New Iberia and Vermilion Parish, and later into Calcasieu Parish, until today it is one of the largest Acadian families in south Louisiana.
Another branch of the Broussard family Louisiana origins can be traced to Ascension Parish where Firmin Broussard (m. Marie Landry ) and Jean Broussard (m. Marguérite Cormier) were living by 1769. They were the sons of Jean-Baptiste Broussard, the nephew of Alexandre and Beausoleil, and Anne Landry who had been deported from Acadie to Maryland. Jean-Baptiste and Anne Broussard had made it to New Orleans with their family by 1766, and they were sent upriver by the Spanish Colonial government. Firmin and Jean started a small branch of the Broussard family along the Mississippi River that gradually spread into Iberville and St. James Parishes.
Two other brothers, Charles (m. Euphhrosine Marriot) and Jean (m. Marguérite Comeau) arrived from France, where they had been sent during the deportation, with the Acadian arrivals of 1785. They settled in West Baton Rouge Parish. Two of Charles' sons, François and Pierre, also established themselved in West Baton Rouge Parish, while their brothers, Jean-Charles and Dominique, eventually moved to Assumption Parish to live along upper Bayou LaFourche. Some of their children moved into Terrebonne Parish in the 1820s. Jean and Marguerite (Comeau) Broussard had only one child, Jean-Baptiste, who had joined the other Broussards in the Attakapas country by 1790. His descendants settled Lafayette and Vermilion Parishes.
The Avoyelles Parish line of the Broussard family was started by Louis, possibly a relative of the Teche country Broussards (Beausoleil's son, Claude, had a son named Louis born in 1777. Is he this Louis Broussard?). Louis first settled at Grande Prairie, near Opelousas, but by 1795 he was living on land he had purchased in Avoyelles Parish. During the early part of the nineteenth century, three of his sons, Maximilien, Joseph, and Jean-Baptiste, were raising families in that area.
Today, the Broussard family is most prevalent in Vermilion, Lafayette and Iberia Parishes, with significant concentrations in Calcasieu, East Baton Rouge and Orleans Parishes. For many years in south Louisiana, particularly in Vermilion Parish, the Broussard name was synonomous with the cattle industry. Broussards developed a number of the techniques for cattle raising on the Cajun prairie. A healthy number of Broussard families live in Houston and southeast Texas. The name is rare or non-existent in the Acadian regions of the Canadian Maritimes, but the name lives on as Brossard in Québec, where a significant number of the family found refuge after the deportation.
FAIT HISTORIQUE-Pope Pius XI named Our Lady of the Assumption the patroness of the Acadian people, and her feast day, August 15, is celebrated as the National Holiday of the Acadians.
This family history is sponsored by the Congrès Mondial Acadien-Louisiane 1999 and its commercial partners, OUR LADY OF LOURDES REGIONAL MEDICAL CENTER, ACADIAN AMBULANCE AND AIRMED SERVICES, the LOUISIANA LOTTERY CORPORATION, LAFAYETTE CONSOLIDATED GOVERNMENT, TERREBONNE PARISH GOVERNMENT, LOUISIANA DEPARTMENT OF CULTURE, RECREATION AND TOURISM and the FONDATION CODOFIL. If you would like to work as a CMA-Louisiane 1999 volunteer, please call (318) 234-6166 or toll free at (888)526-1999 or write to us at C.P. 3804; Lafayette, LA 70502-3804.
Another extended family that came to Louisiana with Joseph Broussard in February 1765 was his brother, Alexandre Broussard. In spite of the yellow fever epidemic of late 1765, this family stayed in the Attakapas District. One problem with this family, like many others, is keeping track of all the orphans.
The deaths in this family group that occurred 12 August 1763-1766 (most in the yellow fever epidemic of late 1765) are:
Alexandre Broussard bur. 18 Sep 1765, brother of Joseph Broussard Marguerite Thibodeau d. 4 Sep 1765, wife of Alexandre Broussard Ursule Trahan bur. 10 Oct 1765, widow of Joseph-Gregoire Broussard Joseph Girouard bur. 22 Oct 1765, second husband of Ursule Trahan Ludivine Trahan d. bef 1766 census, daughter of Marguerite Broussard/Jean Trahan Madeleine Broussard d.16 May 1765, wife of Olivier Thibodeau Marguerite-Anne Thibodeau d. 16 May 1765, daughter of Madeleine Broussard/Olivier Thibodeau Anselme Broussard d. bef 1766 census, son of Alexandre Madeleine Dugas bur. 6 Oct 1765, wife of Anselme Broussard
Roger A. Rozendal firstname.lastname@example.org
Broussard, Joseph dit Beausoleil
Acadian pioneer and resistance fighter Joseph Broussard dit Beausoleil was born in Port-Royal, Acadia, in 1702. In 1740 he with his brother Alexandre established a community at Boundary Creek. During the 1755 expulsion, Broussard (a former militia captain), his brother, and a group of Acadians evaded capture, and conducted a guerilla campaign on land and sea against the British military. In 1759, however, Broussard and his partisans were forced to surrender because of a lack of provisions and mounting French losses on the Canadian mainland (including the fall of Quebec). Imprisoned at Halifax until 1764, Joseph led one hundred ninety-three exiles to Saint Domingue (present-day Haiti), then early the next year to the Attakapas region of south Louisiana, where he continued to serve as a leader of the Acadian community. He died on October 20, 1765, and was buried near what is today the town of Broussard.
lived in the upper Petitcodiac area for nearly 30 years
famous for leading a battle of Acadians against the English
Contract by eight chiefs of the Acadians with Antoine Bernard Dauterive, former captain of the infantry who owns large tracts of land in the Attakapas around Lake Dauterive in Iberia Parish. The eight chiefs: Joseph Broussard, dit Beausoleil, Alexandre Bro
More About Alexandre Broussard dit Beausoleil: Date born 2: Abt. 1703 Emigration: February 28, 1765, Helped lead the first Acadians to Louisiana from Nova Scotia. Military service: served as an Acadian guerilla fighter against the British in the 7-Year War. Spent two years in the Halifax prison..
More About Alexandre Broussard dit Beausoleil and Marguerite Thibodeau: Marriage: February 07, 1723/24
Children of Alexandre Broussard dit Beausoleil and Marguerite Thibodeau are: