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View Tree for Thomas UnderwoodThomas Underwood (b. Abt. 1620, d. May 1674)

Thomas Underwood was born Abt. 1620 in England, and died May 1674 in Middle Neck Anne Arundel Co. MD. He married Elizabeth Meeres on Bef. 1648.

 Includes NotesNotes for Thomas Underwood:
Received a grant of land on the north side of the Severn River near Ferry Creek Maryland
. He probably died shortly after this at least before 1674 when John Meares Will leaves a mare colt to his Orphan servant Elizabeth Underwood.


1) The Landing and 2) Middle Neck both belonging to Thomas Underwood, and 3) Thomas Mears Farm.


1. Thomas1 Underwood(1) (#1549) was born about 1620. Thomas died in Maryland, USA.

He married Elizabeth (Meeres?) or Unknown bef 1656. (Elizabeth (Meeres?) or Unknown is #1550.) (Additional notes for Elizabeth (Meeres?) or Unknown(2)) Elizabeth's last name is uncertain. Underwood means families who lived "under the woods". In early England it was written "Under-the-wode" or "Andewode". Tony Underwood, a researcher in England, has also sent information that it is a surname originally from Scotland from a small place by that same name, in the parish of Symington Ayrahire. The earliest known Underwood was John Vndirwode who was burgess at Prestwick in the 1470's. In Scotland, the surname can be found in the 15th and 16th centuries under the spellings of Wndirwod, Vndirwode, Wndirwod, Vndirwod, Ondirwodd, and Ondirwod. Tony Underwood has traced his family back to a small town just over the border from Scotland in England called Eks. (C-2160E, 2161)

There is a tradition in some of the Underwood families in America that the Underwoods descended through Indians, possibly Cherokee. There are in fact many Choctaw and Cherokee Indians with the name of Underwood, but the relationship is not known.

This Thomas Underwood, progenitor of our branch of this family, probably came from England. He was brought to Virginia with Captain Moore Fautleroy of Lower Norfolk Co., VA in 1650. (It is not known if the Captain was a Captain in the military or Ships Master) No ship's name has been found. Thomas paid for passage of himself and Elizabeth (probably already his wife). They came with 81 others, several of whom were Underwoods of unknown relationship: Mary and husband, George Underwood; Ann Underwood; William Underwood and parents; William Underwood, Gent. and wife Mary. Their relationship however, is suggested in an aged manuscript authored about 1873 that was sent to me by John Dobberteen of Michigan in 1996. It stated that three Underwood brothers "grenadiered" in the British army, came to America and once landed, they separated. One went to New York, another to North Carolina and the third to Maryland. Their father possibly emigrated to America too and lived in Maryland. (C-748) The manuscript implies that the father of Alexander Underwood was one of these brothers. Although this doesn't fit Samuel's generation, the family tradition could easily be about Thomas's generation instead.

It is not known how long our Thomas stayed in Virginia, but probably soon after he and Thomas Meeres, a Quaker friend or relative, travelled to Maryland. Maryland history records that Quakers first entered the colony in 1657-8, after travelling on foot from Virginia. It also states that Thomas Meere's arrived the first year Severn River was settled. It is assumed this applies to Thomas Underwood as well.

It is not known for sure that Thomas Underwood was a Quaker. He is in no Quaker records and did not refuse the oath of allegiance as Thomas Meeres did. One of his grandsons became a Quaker minister. Wife Elizabeth could have been a Meeres before marriage. Relationships that indicate this are the fact that after Thomas died, his children went to live on Thomas Meeres farm. Daughter Elizabeth is mentioned in Thomas Meeres' will dated May 16, 1674 as "my orphan servant". (The meaning of orphan at that time indicates Thomas Underwood was deceased, but might not indicate that his wife Elizabeth was.) Thomas's son, John Meeres lists Samuel Underwood, brother to Elizabeth in his will.

It is not certain if Elizabeth entered Virginia with Thomas Underwood in 1750 as she is not listed in Greer's "Immigrants to Virginia." Possibly she departed her ship in Maryland or Pennsylvania and was later rejoined by Thomas Underwood. She did come in 1650 according to testimony from her husband: "I, Thomas Underwood do assign over to Thomas Bradley, or his assigns all my right and title to land due to me, my wife - Elizabeth, William Jones, William Waddles, Dorethy Grove. I came in the year 50 and so did my wife, Elizabeth, Jones in 58, Waddle in 62, Grove in 58, witness my hand 3 Sept., 1663."
Thomas in other words brought over each of the persons mentioned in this quote and actually received land grants for bringing in additional settlers. He could not have been poor to find opportunities to do this. By Feb. 9, 1662 he had 50 acres. On Aug. 6, 1663 he received from Lord Baltimore, a grant for the land which was named "Middle Neck" located at 30 degrees North Latitude and basically 76 degrees West Longitude near the current day Annapolis, Maryland. On Aug. 8, 1863 he received another grant for 100 acres from Lord Baltimore which he had surveyed on Oct. 20, 1663. He named this "The Landing."

Only two of Thomas and Elizabeth's children have been found in any documents. He may have had more as there were other Underwoods in the area years after Thomas and Elizabeth arrived. (C-635)

Thomas Underwood and Elizabeth (Meeres?) or Unknown had the following children:

+ 2 i. Samuel2 Underwood was born ca 1656.

3 ii. Elizabeth Underwood (#3213) was born circa 1661. She married William Cockey. (William Cockey is #3214.)



More About Thomas Underwood:
Immigration: 1650, From England.
Religion: Probably Quakers.

More About Thomas Underwood and Elizabeth Meeres:
Marriage: Bef. 1648

Children of Thomas Underwood and Elizabeth Meeres are:
  1. +Samuel Underwood, b. Abt. 1656, Baltimore Co MD, d. July 08, 1722, Wilmington, New Castle DE.
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