Notes for Joan de Beaufort Plantagenet: Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmoreland From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland, (c.1379 – 13 November 1440), was the fourth child (and only daughter) of John of Gaunt and his mistress Katherine Swynford. She was born at the Chateau de Beaufort in Anjou, France (from where the Beaufort children derive their surname). When she was very young, Joan married Robert Ferrers, 3rd Baron Ferrers of Wemme, and they had two daughters before he died in about 1395. Along with her three brothers, Joan had been privately declared legitimate by their cousin Richard II of England in 1390, but for various reasons their father secured another such declaration from Parliament in January 1397. Soon after this declaration, on 3 February 1397, when she was 18, Joan married Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, who had also been married once before. They had at least ten children, one of whom was Cecily Neville (1415–1495) ("Proud Cis"), who married Richard, Duke of York (1411–1460), and two of their children became Edward IV of England and Richard III of England.
When Ralph Neville died in 1425, his lands and titles should, by law of rights, have passed on to his eldest surviving son from his first marriage, another Ralph Neville. Instead, while the title of Earl of Westmorland and several manors were passed to Ralph, the bulk of his rich estate went to his wife, Joan Beaufort. Although this may have been done to ensure that his widow was well provided for; by doing this, Ralph essentially split his family into two, and the result was years of bitter conflict between Joan and her step-children, who fiercely contested her acquisition of their father's lands. Joan however, with her royal blood and connections, was far too powerful to be called to account, and the senior branch of the Nevilles received little redress for their grievances. Inevitably, when Joan died, the lands would be inherited by her own children.
Joan died on 13 November 1440 at Howden in Yorkshire. Rather than be buried with her husband Ralph (who was buried with his first wife) she was entombed next to her mother in the magnificent sanctuary of Lincoln Cathedral. Joan's is the smaller of the two tombs; both were decorated with brass plates — full-length representations of them on the tops, and small shields bearing coats of arms around the sides — but those were damaged or destroyed in 1644 during the English Civil War. A 1640 drawing of them survives, showing what the tombs looked like when they were intact, and side-by-side instead of end-to-end, as they are now.
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joan_Beaufort%2C_Countess_of_Westmoreland"
More About Joan de Beaufort Plantagenet and Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland: Marriage 1: September 30, 13902911, 2912 Marriage 2: November 29, 1396, Chateau De Beaufort, France.2912 Marriage 3: November 29, 1396, Chateau de Beaufort, France.2913 Marriage 4: November 29, 1396, Chateau De Beaufort,France.2914
Children of Joan de Beaufort Plantagenet and Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland are:
+Anne de Neville, b. 1402, Raby Castle, Keverstone, Durham, England2914, 2915, d. September 20, 1480, Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England2916.